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1.
J Int Med Res ; 49(1): 300060520984932, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461383

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed drug resistance and mutations profiles in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in a surveillance site in Huairou District, Beijing, China. METHODS: The proportion method was used to assess drug resistance profiles for four first-line and seven second-line anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs. Molecular line probe assays were used for the rapid detection of resistance to rifampicin (RIF) and isoniazid (INH). RESULTS: Among 235 strains of M. tuberculosis, 79 (33.6%) isolates were resistant to one or more drugs. The isolates included 18 monoresistant (7.7%), 19 polyresistant (8.1%), 28 RIF-resistant (11.9%), 24 multidrug-resistant (MDR) (10.2%), 7 pre-extensively drug-resistant (XDR, 3.0%), and 2 XDR strains (0.9%). A higher rate of MDR-TB was detected among previously treated patients than among patients with newly diagnosed TB (34.5% vs. 6.8%). The majority (62.5%) of RIF-resistant isolates exhibited a mutation at S531L in the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene. Meanwhile, 62.9% of INH-resistant isolates carried a mutation at S315T1 in the katG gene. CONCLUSION: Our results confirmed the high rate of drug-resistant TB, especially MDR-TB, in Huairou District, Beijing, China. Therefore, detailed drug testing is crucial in the evaluation of MDR-TB treatment.

2.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 45(11): 3569-3580, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274551

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Advanced gastric cancer (AGC) and primary gastric lymphoma (PGL) are the two most common malignant tumors of the stomach. Conventional imaging examinations have difficulty distinguishing the two. This study explored the values of multiple parameters and visual assessment of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose(18F-FDG) uptake heterogeneity of positron emission tomography/computed tomography(PET/CT) for differentiating between AGC and PGL. METHODS: This retrospective study included 70 AGC and 26 PGL patients, all of whom had undergone 18F-FDG PET/CT before treatment. We analyzed the differences between AGC and PGL in the distribution of metastatic lesions and multiple metabolic parameters, including the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), SUVmax/maximal thickness(THKmax), metabolic tumor volume and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). In addition, 18F-FDG uptake heterogeneity was visually assessed using a visual scoring method and a method of measuring SUVmax differences (SUVmax-d). RESULTS: The most common metastasis of AGC patients were liver, bone, peritoneal and proximal lymph nodes; PGL patients had fewer peritoneal metastases and lymph node metastasis could appeared to be "skip metastasis." The metabolic parameters-SUVmax, SUVmax/THKmax and TLG-were higher in patients who had PGL, especially in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). In the visual assessment of 18F-FDG uptake heterogeneity, the measurements of SUVmax-d in PGL were significantly higher than in AGC. Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis suggested that SUVmax has the highest comprehensive diagnostic efficiency due to having the highest value of area under the curve and the highest accuracy (77.2%). CONCLUSION: 18F-FDG PET/CT had a high diagnostic efficiency for discrimination of AGC and PGL, especially between DLBCL and other pathological subtypes. Visual assessment used to evaluate 18F-FDG uptake heterogeneity could help to distinguish the two types of tumors. In addition, our innovative method of measuring the heterogeneity of 18F-FDG uptake-namely, SUVmax-d-could contribute to identification of the two tumor types and should have its significance clarified by future studies.

3.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(4): 316-318, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049732

RESUMEN

Myxoid leiomyosarcoma is a malignant tumor that originates from the mesenchymal tissue with extensive mucoid degeneration. It usually occurs in the uterus; occurrences from other tissues are extremely rare. Here we report the FDG PET/CT findings and clinicopathological of primary pleura myxoid leiomyosarcoma in a 51-year-old man.


Asunto(s)
Leiomiosarcoma/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Pleurales/diagnóstico por imagen , Tomografía Computarizada por Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones , Fluorodesoxiglucosa F18 , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Radiofármacos
4.
Molecules ; 24(19)2019 Sep 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554239

RESUMEN

In this study, the constituents of a Corydalis bungeana Turcz extract were qualitatively analyzed using gradient elution with a mobile phase of 0.2% acetic acid and acetonitrile. We obtained comprehensive insight into the constituents of C. bungeana Turcz extracts through the quantitative analysis of 14 compounds by comparison with authentic reference standards, and tentatively identified an additional 44 compounds through electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and tandem MS detection. The separation was successfully achieved using an Agilent SB-C18 column (1.8 µm, 150 × 2.1 mm; Agilent, Santa, CA, USA). A tandem quadrupole spectrometer was operated in either full-scan mode or multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) for the qualitative and quantitative analyses of the constituents, respectively. Validation data (inter-day and intra-day combined) for accuracy and precision ranged from -4.80% to 4.73%, and 0.30% to 4.97%, respectively. An ultrahigh performance liquid chromatographic-ESI-tandem MS (UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method for qualitative of C. bungeana Turcz (C. bungeana) extract and the quantification of 14 alkaloids, namely, A-N, was developed and validated. Quantitative analysis involved gradient elution with a mobile phase of 0.1% acetic acid and methanol for 45 min. The separation was successfully achieved using a Waters SB-C18 column (1.8 µm, 100 mm × 2.1 mm, Waters, Milford, Massachusetts, USA). The repeatability and stability of the method also met USFDA criteria with CV values lower than 5%. The limit of detection of the 14 alkaloids ranged from 9.74 to 13.00 ng/mL, whereas the linearities of the standard curves were between 0.9991 and 0.9995. In total, 15 commercial samples from 11 different sources were analyzed.


Asunto(s)
Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Corydalis/química , Extractos Vegetales/química , Espectrometría de Masa por Ionización de Electrospray , Estructura Molecular , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem
5.
Cancer Res ; 79(13): 3479-3491, 2019 07 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064851

RESUMEN

Recent studies suggest that targeting transcriptional machinery can lead to potent and selective anticancer effects in cancers dependent on high and constant expression of certain transcription factors for growth and survival. Cyclin-dependent kinase 7 (CDK7) is the catalytic subunit of the CDK-activating kinase complex. Its function is required for both cell-cycle regulation and transcriptional control of gene expression. CDK7 has recently emerged as an attractive cancer target because its inhibition leads to decreased transcript levels of oncogenic transcription factors, especially those associated with super-enhancers. Here, we describe a selective CDK7 inhibitor SY-1365, which is currently in clinical trials in populations of patients with ovarian and breast cancer (NCT03134638). In vitro, SY-1365 inhibited cell growth of many different cancer types at nanomolar concentrations. SY-1365 treatment decreased MCL1 protein levels, and cancer cells with low BCL2L1 (BCL-XL) expression were found to be more sensitive to SY-1365. Transcriptional changes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines were distinct from those following treatment with other transcriptional inhibitors. SY-1365 demonstrated substantial antitumor effects in multiple AML xenograft models as a single agent; SY-1365-induced growth inhibition was enhanced in combination with the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax. Antitumor activity was also observed in xenograft models of ovarian cancer, suggesting the potential for exploring SY-1365 in the clinic in both hematologic and solid tumors. Our findings support targeting CDK7 as a new approach for treating transcriptionally addicted cancers. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings demonstrate the molecular mechanism of action and potent antitumor activity of SY-1365, the first selective CDK7 inhibitor to enter clinical investigation.


Asunto(s)
Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Quinasas Ciclina-Dependientes/antagonistas & inhibidores , Neoplasias Ováricas/patología , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/farmacología , Animales , Ciclo Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Quinasas Ciclina-Dependientes/genética , Quinasas Ciclina-Dependientes/metabolismo , Femenino , Ensayos Analíticos de Alto Rendimiento , Humanos , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos NOD , Ratones SCID , Modelos Moleculares , Neoplasias Ováricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ováricas/enzimología , Inhibidores de Proteínas Quinasas/química , Células Tumorales Cultivadas , Ensayos Antitumor por Modelo de Xenoinjerto
6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 239: 111896, 2019 Jul 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028858

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Coptidis rhizoma (CR) is the dried rhizome of the ranunculaceous plant CR. For decades in China, this plant has been used to treat hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and chronic diarrhea and has been officially included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The present paper presents a review of the pharmacokinetics of CR. AIM OF THE STUDY: The pharmacokinetic studies and differences of 10 alkaloids among Coptis deltoidea C. Y. cheng et Hsiao, Coptis chinensis Franch and Coptis teeta Wall. Are seldom reported. This study is the first to determine corydaline, dehydrocorydaline, tetrahydropalmatine, palmatine, magnoflorine, jatrorrhizine, berberine, worenine, berberrubine, and coptisine, which adopted an ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry, simultaneously. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chromatographic separation was performed within 8 min by using an Agilent SB-C18 column (150 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.8 µm) with gradient mobile phase consisting of 0.3% acetic acid water (v/v) and acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. Multiple reaction monitoring mode was used to detect the tandem mass spectrum in the positive ionization mode by electrospray ionization source. RESULTS: The method was fully validated to be linear over a wide concentration (r > 0.9916), and the linear concentration range was 0.195-2260 ng/mL. Intra- and interday precisions were below 14.19% and 18.56% for the 10 analytes, respectively. The accuracy ranged from -9.30% to 6.31%. The extraction recovery of the 10 alkaloids and internal standard ranged from 79.76% to 95.37%. Pharmacokinetic comparative study showed that the Cmax and AUC0-∞ values of dehydrocorydaline, tetrahydropalmatine, palmatine, magnoflorine, jatrorrhizine, berberine, worenine, berberrubine, and coptisine increased significantly (p < 0.05), which was different for beagles after oral administration. The results can help determine the mechanism of action and guide clinical application of these three extracts. CONCLUSION: This validated method was successfully applied for the pharmacokinetics study of beagle plasma after oral administration of three CR extract types.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides/sangre , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacocinética , Administración Oral , Animales , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Perros , Masculino , Espectrometría de Masa por Ionización de Electrospray , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(5): e14270, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702589

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is an extranodal low-grade B cell lymphoma that generally exhibits an indolent clinical course. Currently, the application of F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) in MALT lymphoma is still controversial. Herein, we reported a case of using F-FDG PET/CT for staging and response assessment of primary parotid MALT lymphoma with multiple sites involvement. As far as we know, there are no similar case reports have been published before. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 71-year-old woman, who received mass resection twice during the past 2 years due to the repeatedly relapse of facial painless masses and diagnosed as reactive lymphoid hyperplasia by pathologic tests. However, the pathological diagnosis was then changed to primary parotid MALT lymphoma after left parotidectomy operation because of a new mass found in her left parotid. Four months later, the right eyelid of the patient swelled with a blurred vision. Then, F-FDG PET/CT scan was performed for staging, and the imaging results showed an abnormal increase of F-FDG uptake in multiple sites including bilateral ocular adnexal, lungs, pleura, occipital subcutaneous tissue, left kidney, and lymph nodes. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed as primary parotid MALT lymphoma with Ann Arbor stage of IVA based on the F-FDG PET/CT findings. INTERVENTIONS: The patient received 4 cycles of chemotherapy, followed by a partial metabolic remission (PMR), which was determined by interim F-FDG PET/CT, and finally additional 2 cycles of chemotherapy. OUTCOMES: The follow-up study illustrated that the patient had been alive and doing well at 12 months after chemotherapy. LESSONS: Although MALT lymphoma normally localizes in the primary organs, the involvement of multiple organs and lymph nodes is possible. The use of PET/CT demonstrated significant clinical values in the accurate staging and response assessment of F-FDG-avid MALT lymphoma. It is potentially useful for indicating the progress and transformation of MALT lymphoma, and guidance in localization of pathological biopsy. It is also helpful for clinicians to choose reasonable treatment strategy and improve the prognosis of patients.


Asunto(s)
Linfoma de Células B de la Zona Marginal/diagnóstico por imagen , Linfoma de Células B de la Zona Marginal/patología , Neoplasias de la Parótida/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias de la Parótida/patología , Tomografía Computarizada por Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones/métodos , Anciano , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapéutico , Femenino , Fluorodesoxiglucosa F18 , Humanos , Linfoma de Células B de la Zona Marginal/tratamiento farmacológico , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Neoplasias de la Parótida/tratamiento farmacológico , Prednisona/uso terapéutico , Rituximab/uso terapéutico , Vincristina/uso terapéutico
8.
J Sep Sci ; 42(7): 1351-1363, 2019 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30667161

RESUMEN

A sensitive and rapid liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry method has been developed for simultaneous determination of berberine (I), jateorhizine (II), palmatine (III), tetrahydropalmatine (IV), phellodendrine (V), protopine (VI) and columbamine (VII) in rat plasma after oral administration of Phellodendri chinensis cortex extraction. The plasmas were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction. The tandem mass spectrometric detection was performed in the multiple reaction monitoring mode in the positive ionization. The intra- and interday precisions and accuracies were in range from -12.18 to 13.21%. Mean absolute recoveries of all analytes and internal standard were between 78.6 and 98.9%. The seven alkaloids were proven to be stable during sample storage and analysis procedures. The established method was validated and successfully applied to pharmacokinetics study in rat plasma after oral administration of Phellodendri chinensis cortex extract. The t1/2 of palmatine, columbamine, pellodendrine, berberine, tetrahydropalmaine, jatrorrhizine, and protopine were 5.16, 5.96, 7.18, 19.84, 6.28, 7.08, 6.90 h, respectively. The seven compounds could be rapidly absorbed into blood (time for maximal concentration, 1.80-1.93 h). This study could establish a foundation for further research of Phellodendri chinensis cortex and might provide more useful information to guide the clinical usage.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides/sangre , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacocinética , Extractos Vegetales/farmacocinética , Administración Oral , Animales , Cromatografía Liquida , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/administración & dosificación , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/aislamiento & purificación , Masculino , Estructura Molecular , Extractos Vegetales/administración & dosificación , Extractos Vegetales/aislamiento & purificación , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem
9.
Molecules ; 23(11)2018 Nov 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445715

RESUMEN

A selective and sensitive ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the determination of ziyuglycoside I (I), 3ß,19α-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic-acid 28-ß-d-glucopyranosyl ester (II), 3ß-[(α-l-arabinopyranosyl) oxy]-urs-12,18(19)-dien-28-oic acid ß-d-glucopyranosyl ester (III), rosamultin (IV), 1ß-hydroxyeuscaphic acid (V) and alpinoside (VI) in rats after oral administration of Sanguisorba officinalis L. (S. officinalis) extract. The 3ß,19α-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic-acid 28-ß-d-glucopyranosyl ester, 3ß-[(α-l-arabinopyranosyl) oxy]-urs-12,18(19)-dien-28-oic acid ß-d-glucopyranosyl ester, rosamultin, 1ß-hydroxyeuscaphic acid and alpinoside in rat plasma were the first report in the pharmacokinetics study in the present study. The analytes were quantified using the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode with the electrospray ion source in positive electrospray ionization. Plasma was extracted with ethyl acetate via liquid⁻liquid extraction. Bifendate was used as internal standard (IS). The current method was validated for linearity, intra-day and inter-day precisions, accuracy, extraction recovery, matrix effect and stability. The lower limits of quantification of ziyuglycoside I, 3ß,19α-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic-acid 28-ß-d-glucopyranosyl ester, 3ß-[(α-l-arabinopyranosyl) oxy]-urs-12,18(19)-dien-28-oic acid ß-d-glucopyranosyl ester, rosamultin, 1ß-hydroxyeuscaphic acid and alpinoside were 6.1, 4.9, 1.3, 3.8, 1.5 and 5.7 ng/mL, respectively. Intra-day and inter-day precision and the accuracy of the assay were in range from -9.48 to 12.74%. The extraction recoveries of analytes and bifendate (IS) from rat plasma ranged from 77.17% to 92.48%. Six compounds could be rapidly absorbed into blood (Tmax, 0.58⁻1.58 h), and then eliminated relatively slowly (t1/2, 6.86⁻11.63 h). The pharmacokinetic results might contribute to further guide the clinical application of S. officinalis.


Asunto(s)
Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Extractos Vegetales/farmacocinética , Sanguisorba/química , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Triterpenos/farmacocinética , Administración Oral , Animales , Estabilidad de Medicamentos , Masculino , Estructura Molecular , Extractos Vegetales/administración & dosificación , Extractos Vegetales/química , Ratas , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Triterpenos/administración & dosificación , Triterpenos/química
10.
Molecules ; 23(8)2018 Aug 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30072585

RESUMEN

This study has developed a sensitive and simple ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous determination of corydaline, dehydrocorydaline, tetrahydropalmatine, protopine, palmatine, tetrahydroberberine, columbamine, berberine, coptisine and berberrubine in beagle dog plasma after the oral administration of the Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. Wang and Yuanhuzhitong tablets. Chromatographic separation was achieved on an Agilent Eclipse Plus C18 RRHD column (1.8 µm, 50 × 2.1 mm) using a gradient elution program with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water containing 0.1% formic acid at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. A tandem mass spectrometric detection was conducted by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode via an electrospray ionization source in the positive mode. The calibration curves of all analytes showed good linear (r² > 0.9800). The intra-day and inter-day precisions were less than 15% and the accuracies were within ±15%. The extraction recoveries conformed to the acceptable range. And there was no interference of endogenous substances in the sensitive assay method. All analytes were proven to be stable during sample storage and analysis procedures. The pharmacokinetic study indicated that the Yuanhuzhitong tablets could get a better absorption than Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. Wang.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides/administración & dosificación , Alcaloides/sangre , Corydalis/química , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/química , Extractos Vegetales/química , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem/métodos , Administración Oral , Alcaloides/análisis , Alcaloides/química , Animales , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Perros , Límite de Detección , Análisis de Regresión , Espectrometría de Masa por Ionización de Electrospray , Comprimidos
11.
Molecules ; 23(8)2018 Aug 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30072612

RESUMEN

A rapid and sensitive Ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of fourteen alkaloids in beagle dog plasma after a single oral dose of the Corydalis bungeana Turcz (C. bungeana) extract selected bifendate as the internal standard (IS). The plasma samples were preprocessed by liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) with aether before separation on an Agilent SB-C18 column (1.8 µm, 150 × 2.1 mm) using a gradient elution program. The mobile phase consists of 0.2% acetic acid and acetonitrile at the flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. In the positive ion mode, the analytes were detected by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The results indicated that calibration curves for fourteen analytes have good linearity (R² = 0.9904). The lower limits of quantification (LLOQ) of fourteen alkaloids and IS were all over 4.87 ng/mL and the matrix effects ranged from 94.08% to 102.76%. The mean extraction recoveries of Quality control samples at low (LQC), medium (MQC) and high (HQC) and IS were all more than 78.03%. The intra- and inter-day precision (R.S.D.%) also met the criterion, at the same time the deviation of assay accuracies (R.E) ranged from -13.70% to 14.40%. The Tmax values of fourteen alkaloids were no more than 1 h. The range of Cmax was from 74.16 ± 8.71 to 2256 ± 255.9 ng/mL. The assay was validated in the light of the regulatory bioanalytical guidelines and proved acceptable, which was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of these compounds in beagle dogs after oral administration of Corydalis bungeana Turcz extract.


Asunto(s)
Alcaloides/sangre , Alcaloides/farmacocinética , Corydalis/química , Extractos Vegetales/administración & dosificación , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem/métodos , Administración Oral , Alcaloides/química , Animales , Calibración , Cromatografía Liquida , Perros , Límite de Detección , Masculino , Estándares de Referencia , Análisis de Regresión , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
12.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 13(6): 1468-79, 2014 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24723450

RESUMEN

Patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) with activating mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) initially respond well to the EGFR inhibitors erlotinib and gefitinib. However, all patients relapse because of the emergence of drug-resistant mutations, with T790M mutations accounting for approximately 60% of all resistance. Second-generation irreversible EGFR inhibitors are effective against T790M mutations in vitro, but retain affinity for wild-type EGFR (EGFR(WT)). These inhibitors have not provided compelling clinical benefit in T790M-positive patients, apparently because of dose-limiting toxicities associated with inhibition of EGFR(WT). Thus, there is an urgent clinical need for therapeutics that overcome T790M drug resistance while sparing EGFR(WT). Here, we describe a lead optimization program that led to the discovery of four potent irreversible 2,4-diaminopyrimidine compounds that are EGFR mutant (EGFR(mut)) selective and have been designed to have low affinity for EGFR(WT). Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies in H1975 tumor-bearing mice showed that exposure was dose proportional resulting in dose-dependent EGFR modulation. Importantly, evaluation of normal lung tissue from the same animals showed no inhibition of EGFR(WT). Of all the compounds tested, compound 3 displayed the best efficacy in EGFR(L858R/T790M)-driven tumors. Compound 3, now renamed CO-1686, is currently in a phase I/II clinical trial in patients with EGFR(mut)-advanced NSCLC that have received prior EGFR-directed therapy.


Asunto(s)
4-Aminopiridina/análogos & derivados , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/tratamiento farmacológico , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/tratamiento farmacológico , 4-Aminopiridina/administración & dosificación , Animales , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/genética , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/patología , Línea Celular Tumoral , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Ensayos Clínicos como Asunto , Resistencia a Antineoplásicos/genética , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inhibidores , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Ratones , Mutación , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Ensayos Antitumor por Modelo de Xenoinjerto
13.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 24(10): 1867-75, 2012.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23520858

RESUMEN

Cerium-doped SiO2/TiO2 nanostructured fibers were fabricated by electrospinning technology. The prepared fibers were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Using the fibers as catalysts, photocatalytic degradation of Methylene Blue (MB) aqueous solution was carried out under simulated sunlight. The 0.2% Ce doping proved to be the optimal concentration for the doping of TiO2/SiO2, compared to other Ce-doped molar concentrations. The 0.2% Ce-doped SiO2/TiO2 fibers exhibited higher photocatalytic activity than industrial Degussa P25 and the samples doped with only Ce or SiO2. The reasons for improving the photocatalytic activity were also discussed. Several operational parameters were studied, which showed that the photocatalytic efficiency of MB was influenced by parameters such as the initial dye concentration, the initial pH, inorganic anions, and so on. In addition, the influences of an electron acceptor and a radical scavenger suggested that OH was the dominant photooxidant during the photocatalytic process. The reuse evaluation of the fibers indicated that their photocatalytic activity had good stability.


Asunto(s)
Cerio/química , Restauración y Remediación Ambiental/métodos , Azul de Metileno/química , Dióxido de Silicio/química , Luz Solar , Titanio/química , Nanoestructuras , Fotoquímica , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/química , Purificación del Agua
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