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1.
Respir Physiol Neurobiol ; 263: 31-37, 2019 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853602

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the effect a regular inspiratory muscle training program on autonomic modulation measured by heart rate variability, exercise capacity and respiratory function in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease subjects (COPD). DESIGN: Single-center controlled study, with balanced randomization (1:1 for two arms). SETTING: A COPD reference hospital localized in Sao Luís, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 22 COPD subjects joined the study. INTERVENTIONS: Three times a week for four weeks inspiratory muscle training (IMT) at 30% of PImax. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pulmonary capacities and inspiratory pressure, total six-minute walk test and, cardiac autonomic modulation. RESULTS: The intervention group showed improvements in the cardiac autonomic modulation, with increased vagal modulation (total variability and HF [ms2; adjusted p < 0.05]); increased expiratory and inspiratory capacities and, increased distance in the 6-min walk test. CONCLUSION: 12 weeks of IMT at 30% of the maximal inspiratory pressure increased cardiac autonomic modulation, expiratory and inspiratory and exercise capacity in COPD subjects.


Asunto(s)
Sistema Nervioso Autónomo/fisiopatología , Ejercicios Respiratorios/métodos , Tolerancia al Ejercicio/fisiología , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/fisiopatología , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/rehabilitación , Músculos Respiratorios/fisiología , Anciano , Femenino , Frecuencia Cardíaca/fisiología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Espirometría , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
Int J Sports Med ; 40(3): 209-217, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30703844

RESUMEN

We aimed to analyze the effect of an exercise training program in autonomic modulation, and exercise tolerance of hemodialysis and kidney-transplanted patients. 4 groups of exercised and non-exercised patients undergoing hemodialysis and kidney-transplanted subjects had their biochemical tests, and heart rate variability evaluations analyzed. Also, sleep quality, anxiety and depression questionnaires were evaluated. Both exercised groups showed improvements in cardiovascular autonomic modulation, biochemical markers, and exercise tolerance after the exercise training program. The exercised kidney-transplanted patients group showed better improvements in cardiovascular autonomic modulation, biochemical markers, and exercise tolerance when compared to the exercised hemodialysis patients group. Both groups showed improvements in sleep quality, anxiety, and depression. The group of kidney-transplanted patients show better results in the cardiovascular autonomic modulation than subjects undergoing hemodialysis. However, the patients undergoing hemodialysis showed improvements in blood pressure, HDL, hemoglobin and phosphorus, changes not observed in the kidney-transplanted group. Exercise is beneficial for both hemodialysis and kidney-transplanted patients groups. However, exercise programs should be focused mainly in improving cardiovascular risk factors in the HD patients.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Ejercicio , Enfermedades Renales/terapia , Trasplante de Riñón , Diálisis Renal , Adulto , Ansiedad/etiología , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/prevención & control , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Enfermedad Crónica , Depresión/etiología , Tolerancia al Ejercicio , Femenino , Tasa de Filtración Glomerular , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Humanos , Enfermedades Renales/fisiopatología , Enfermedades Renales/psicología , Enfermedades Renales/cirugía , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Consumo de Oxígeno , Factores de Riesgo , Sueño , Prueba de Paso
3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25614751

RESUMEN

This study evaluated the in vivo potential antihypertensive effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Syzygium cumini leaves (HESC) in normotensive Wistar rats and in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), as well as its in vitro effect on the vascular reactivity of resistance arteries. The hypotensive effect caused by intravenous infusion of HESC (0.01-4.0 mg/kg) in anesthetized Wistar rats was dose-dependent and was partially inhibited by pretreatment with atropine sulfate. SHR received HESC (0.5 g/kg/day), orally, for 8 weeks and mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and vascular reactivity were evaluated. Daily oral administration of HESC resulted in a time-dependent blood pressure reduction in SHR, with a maximum reduction of 62%. In the endothelium-deprived superior mesenteric arteries rings the treatment with HESC reduced by 40% the maximum effect (E max⁡) of contraction induced by NE. The contractile response to calcium and NE of endothelium-deprived mesenteric rings isolated from untreated SHR was reduced in a concentration-dependent manner by HESC (0.1, 0.25, and 0.5 mg/mL). This study demonstrated that Syzygium cumini reduces the blood pressure and heart rate of SHR and that this antihypertensive effect is probably due to the inhibition of arterial tone and extracellular calcium influx.

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