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1.
Leukemia ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542479

RESUMEN

This study aimed to identify biomarkers for clinical outcomes in a phase 3 clinical study of blinatumomab or chemotherapy in adults with Philadelphia chromosome-negative relapsed/refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive blinatumomab, a BiTE® therapy, for 4 weeks (9 µg/day cycle 1 week 1, 28 µg/day thereafter) every 6 weeks, or chemotherapy. Baseline blood samples were evaluated to identify biomarkers prognostic (both treatment groups) or predictive (either treatment groups) for overall survival, event-free survival, hematologic remission, minimal residual disease (MRD) response, duration of response, or adverse events. Baseline values were balanced between treatment groups. Prognostic biomarkers were platelets, tumor burden, and percentage of T cells: each 1-log increase in platelets at baseline was prognostic for improved 6-month survival; lower tumor burden was prognostic for hematologic remission; and a higher percentage of CD3+ T-cells was prognostic for MRD response. Consistent with the BiTE mechanism of action, higher percentage of CD45+ CD3+ CD8+ T cells was associated with hematologic remission following blinatumomab. No examined biomarkers were significant for the risk of grade ≥3 adverse events. Incorporating baseline biomarkers into future studies may help to identify subgroups most likely to benefit from blinatumomab.

2.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(1)2021 Jan 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435487

RESUMEN

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a malignant clonal expansion of lymphoid hematopoietic precursors that exhibit developmental arrest at varying stages of differentiation. Similar to what occurs in solid cancers, transformation of normal hematopoietic precursors is governed by a multistep oncogenic process that drives initiation, clonal expansion and metastasis. In this process, alterations in genes encoding proteins that govern processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and growth provide us with some of the clearest mechanistic insights into how and why cancer arises. In such a scenario, deletions in the 9p21.3 cluster involving CDKN2A/ARF/CDKN2B genes arise as one of the oncogenic hallmarks of ALL. Deletions in this region are the most frequent structural alteration in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and account for roughly 30% of copy number alterations found in B-cell-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). Here, we review the literature concerning the involvement of the CDKN2A/B genes as a prognosis marker of good or bad response in the two ALL subtypes (BCP-ALL and T-ALL). We compare frequencies observed in studies performed on several ALL cohorts (adult and child), which mainly consider genetic data produced by genomic techniques. We also summarize what we have learned from mouse models designed to evaluate the functional involvement of the gene cluster in ALL development and in relapse/resistance to treatment. Finally, we examine the range of possibilities for targeting the abnormal function of the protein-coding genes of this cluster and their potential to act as anti-leukemic agents in patients.

3.
Hematol Oncol ; 2020 Dec 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369766

RESUMEN

Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is a rare aggressive B-cell lymphoma characterized by the frequent presence of amplification and translocation events at 9p24.1, resulting in the expression of the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) ligands PD-L1 and PD-L2. Pembrolizumab, a humanized anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody, binds PD-1 and blocks this interaction, enhancing the activity of the immune system against tumor cells, and has shown activity in PMBCL and in some cases of primary and secondary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. We report the case of a 40-year-old woman diagnosed with relapsed PMBCL and secondary CNS involvement who responded to pembrolizumab monotherapy, allowing for a later allogeneic stem cell transplant.

4.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2020 Nov 26.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33250187

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients who survive beyond two years after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have an increased risk of long-term complications, which impact on their survival and quality of life. The aim of this study was to design and apply a long-term follow-up protocol to detect unmet needs and treat these complications early. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A prospective study to detect and treat complications and long-term problems within an interdisciplinary functional unit was applied to survivors beyond 2 years of allogeneic HSCT (alloHSCT). RESULTS: Thirty-six (36%) of the 99 patients included, required intervention in a cardiovascular risk factor by health education or antihypertensive and lipid-lowering drugs. Nine of 36 (25%) patients required calcium and vitamin D intake. Low inclusion of women in gynaecological neoplasm detection protocols was detected, as well as a low adherence to dental follow-up after alloHSCT. CONCLUSION: The follow-up of long-term survivors after alloHSCT in a multidisciplinary unit allowed unmet needs to be detected and controlled, especially in cardiovascular risk, bone metabolism, cancer prevention, and dental control.

5.
Genome Biol ; 21(1): 284, 2020 Nov 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225950

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Adult T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is a rare disease that affects less than 10 individuals in one million. It has been less studied than its cognate pediatric malignancy, which is more prevalent. A higher percentage of the adult patients relapse, compared to children. It is thus essential to study the mechanisms of relapse of adult T-ALL cases. RESULTS: We profile whole-genome somatic mutations of 19 primary T-ALLs from adult patients and the corresponding relapse malignancies and analyze their evolution upon treatment in comparison with 238 pediatric and young adult ALL cases. We compare the mutational processes and driver mutations active in primary and relapse adult T-ALLs with those of pediatric patients. A precise estimation of clock-like mutations in leukemic cells shows that the emergence of the relapse clone occurs several months before the diagnosis of the primary T-ALL. Specifically, through the doubling time of the leukemic population, we find that in at least 14 out of the 19 patients, the population of relapse leukemia present at the moment of diagnosis comprises more than one but fewer than 108 blasts. Using simulations, we show that in all patients the relapse appears to be driven by genetic mutations. CONCLUSIONS: The early appearance of a population of leukemic cells with genetic mechanisms of resistance across adult T-ALL cases constitutes a challenge for treatment. Improving early detection of the malignancy is thus key to prevent its relapse.

6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19189, 2020 11 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154497

RESUMEN

PAX5 is one of the most frequently mutated genes in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), and children with inherited preleukemic PAX5 mutations are at a higher risk of developing the disease. Abnormal profiles of inflammatory markers have been detected in neonatal blood spot samples of children who later developed B-ALL. However, how inflammatory signals contribute to B-ALL development is unclear. Here, we demonstrate that Pax5 heterozygosis, in the presence of infections, results in the enhanced production of the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6), which appears to act in an autocrine fashion to promote leukemia growth. Furthermore, in vivo genetic downregulation of IL-6 in these Pax5 heterozygous mice retards B-cell leukemogenesis, and in vivo pharmacologic inhibition of IL-6 with a neutralizing antibody in Pax5 mutant mice with B-ALL clears leukemic cells. Additionally, this novel IL-6 signaling paradigm identified in mice was also substantiated in humans. Altogether, our studies establish aberrant IL6 expression caused by Pax5 loss as a hallmark of Pax5-dependent B-ALL and the IL6 as a therapeutic vulnerability for B-ALL characterized by PAX5 loss.

7.
Cancer ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141929

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Blinatumomab is a CD19 BiTE (bispecific T-cell engager) immuno-oncology therapy that mediates the lysis of cells expressing CD19. METHODS: A pooled analysis of long-term follow-up data from 2 phase 2 studies that evaluated blinatumomab in heavily pretreated adults with Philadelphia chromosome-negative, relapsed/refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 259 patients were included in the analysis. The median overall survival (OS) among all patients, regardless of response, was 7.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.5-8.5 months); the median follow-up time for OS was 36.0 months (range, 0.3-60.8 months). The median relapse-free survival (RFS) among patients who achieved a complete remission (CR) or complete remission with partial hematologic recovery (CRh) in the first 2 cycles (n = 123) was 7.7 months (95% CI, 6.2-10.0 months); the median follow-up time for RFS was 35.0 months (range, 9.5-59.5 months). OS and RFS plateaued with 3-year rates of 17.7% and 23.4%, respectively. The cumulative incidence function of the time to relapse, with death not due to relapse considered a competing risk, for patients who achieved a CR/CRh within 2 cycles of treatment also plateaued with a 3-year relapse rate of 59.3%. For patients who achieved a CR/CRh with blinatumomab followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation while in continuous CR, the median OS was 18.1 months (95% CI, 10.3-30.0 months) with a 3-year survival rate of 37.2%. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that long-term survival is possible after blinatumomab therapy. LAY SUMMARY: Immuno-oncology therapies such as blinatumomab activate the patient's own immune system to kill cancer cells. This study combined follow-up data from 2 blinatumomab-related clinical trials to evaluate long-term survival in patients with relapsed and/or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia at high risk for unfavorable outcomes. Among patients who achieved a deep response with blinatumomab, one-third lived 3 years or longer. These findings suggest that long-term survival is possible after treatment with blinatumomab.

8.
Blood ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150388

RESUMEN

The need for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in adults with Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph-neg) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with high-risk (HR) features and adequate measurable residual disease (MRD) clearance remains unclear. The aim of the ALL-HR-11 trial was to evaluate the outcomes of HR Ph-neg adult ALL patients following chemotherapy or allo-HSCT administered based on end-induction and consolidation MRD levels. Patients aged 15-60 years (y) with HR-ALL in complete response (CR) and MRD levels (centrally assessed by 8-color flow cytometry) <0.1% after induction and <0.01% after early consolidation, were assigned to receive delayed consolidation and maintenance therapy up to 2y in CR. The remaining patients were allocated to allo-HSCT. CR was attained in 315/348 patients (91%), with MRD <0.1% after induction in 220/289 patients (76%). By intention-to treat, 218 patients were assigned to chemotherapy and 106 to allo-HSCT. The 5-year (±95%CI) cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) probabilities for the whole series were 43%±7%, 49%±7% and 40±6%, respectively, with CIR and OS rates of 45±8% and 59±9% for patients assigned to chemotherapy and of 40±12% and 38±11% for those assigned to allo-HSCT, respectively. Our results show that avoiding allo-HSCT does not hamper the outcomes of HR Ph-neg adult ALL patients up to 60y with adequate MRD response after induction and consolidation. Better post-remission alternative therapies are especially needed for patients with poor MRD clearance. ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01540812).

9.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33160624

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and infections are complications after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). Anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) is a strategy used as prophylaxis for GVHD. The study analyses the outcomes and frequency of infections with or without ATG after an unrelated donor alloSCT in patients with acute leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of patients receiving an unrelated donor alloSCT between December 2007 and April 2019. The main outcomes were analysed according to use or not of ATG. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were included. No significant differences were found between the ATG group (n=50) vs. no-ATG group (n=16) in overall survival, cumulative incidence of relapse, cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality or cumulative incidence of acute GVHD or chronic GVHD. There was a greater frequency of infections in the ATG group (60 vs. 19%, P=.004). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, no differences were shown in the main outcomes of alloSCT based on the use of ATG, although more infections were documented in the ATG group.

10.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 155(9): 382-387, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-198320

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The impact of an admission to ICU before stem cell transplantation (SCT) on post-SCT outcome is not well established. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who had received a first SCT between 2000 and 2016 in our institution. The outcome of 22 patients who required ICU admission during chemotherapy prior to SCT (ICU group) was compared with 44 matched patients (1:2) who did not need it (NO-ICU group). RESULTS: There were no differences in transplant complications, in time to neutrophil and platelet recovery or in the length of hospital stay during SCT between the ICU and NO-ICU groups. However, microbiologically documented infections were more common in the ICU group (16/20) than in the NO-ICU group (18/39) (p=.027). The 5-yr overall survival probability (CI 95%) was 49% (28-70%) in the ICU vs. 45% (29-61%) in the NO-ICU group (p=.353), while the 5-yr incidence of non-relapse mortality was 32% (14-52%) and 24% (12-38%) (p=.333), respectively. Six patients (27%) in the ICU group and 8 (18%) in the NO-ICU group required admission to the ICU during or after the SCT procedure (p=.293). Twelve (54%) patients in the ICU and 22 (50%) in the NO-ICU group died, the causes of death were similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: Our results show that admission to the ICU prior to SCT does not have a negative impact on patient outcomes following SCT and should not be considered as an exclusion criterion for SCT


INTRODUCCIÓN: No se conoce con exactitud el impacto de la necesidad de ingreso previo en una unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) en la supervivencia postrasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticos (TPH). PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Se revisaron los archivos de pacientes que habían recibido un TPH entre el 2000 y 2016 en una única institución. El resultado del TPH en 22 pacientes que habían precisado de ingreso en una UCI durante las quimioterapias administradas previas al TPH (grupo UCI) se comparó con el de 44 pacientes controles (1:2) trasplantados que no habían precisado ingreso previo en UCI (grupo NO-UCI). RESULTADOS: No hallamos diferencias en las complicaciones post-TPH, en el tiempo de injerto de neutrófilos o de plaquetas, ni tampoco en la duración del ingreso hospitalario entre el grupo UCI y el grupo NO-UCI (p = 0,353). Sin embargo, la incidencia de infecciones documentadas microbiológicamente fue mayor en el grupo UCI (16/20) que en el NO-UCI. La probabilidad de supervivencia a 5 años (IC95%) fue del 49% (28-70%) para el grupo UCI vs. el 45% (29-61%) para el grupo NO-UCI (p = 0,353), mientras que la mortalidad relacionada con el TPH a los 5 años fue del 32% (14-52%) y 24% (12-38%) (p = 0,333), respectivamente. Seis pacientes (27%) en el grupo UCI y 8 (18%) en el grupo NO-UCI precisaron ingreso en UCI durante o después del proceso de TPH (p = 0,293). Doce pacientes (54%) en el grupo UCI y 22 (50%) en el NO-UCI fallecieron, y las causas de muerte fueron similares en ambos grupos. CONCLUSIÓN: El ingreso en UCI no tiene necesariamente un impacto negativo en los resultados de un TPH posterior en pacientes hematológicos y no debería ser criterio de exclusión para dicho procedimiento


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/estadística & datos numéricos , Hospitalización/estadística & datos numéricos , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/efectos adversos , Cuidados Críticos , Trasplante de Células Madre/estadística & datos numéricos , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/estadística & datos numéricos , Cuidados Posoperatorios/estadística & datos numéricos , Supervivencia , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Trasplante de Células Madre Hematopoyéticas/mortalidad , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos
11.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 20 Suppl 1: S48-S51, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862866

RESUMEN

The decision to incorporate allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) into front-line therapy in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) should be primarily guided by measurable residual disease (MRD) status and the ALL regimen utilized. While there is no doubt that allo-HSCT benefits patients with poor MRD response after induction or consolidation, the indication of allo-HSCT in cases of good MRD clearance is not clear. As targeted immunotherapies result in high MRD-negative CR rates, early incorporation of these therapies may also prove valuable in reducing the need for HCT in the front-line setting. This review discusses the data and controversies related to allo-HSCT in the front-line therapy of Philadelphia chromosome-negative and -positive ALL.

12.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 9: 21, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864192

RESUMEN

Background: Prognostic factors of poor outcome in patients with hematological malignancies and COVID-19 are poorly defined. Patients and methods: This was a Spanish transplant group and cell therapy (GETH) multicenter retrospective observational study, which included a large cohort of blood cancer patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection through PCR assays from March 1st 2020 to May 15th 2020. Results: We included 367 pediatric and adult patients with hematological malignancies, including recipients of autologous (ASCT) (n = 58) or allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) (n = 65) from 41 hospitals in Spain. Median age of patients was 64 years (range 1-93.8). Recipients of ASCT and allo-SCT showed lower mortality rates (17% and 18%, respectively) compared to non-SCT patients (31%) (p = 0.02). Prognostic factors identified for day 45 overall mortality (OM) by logistic regression multivariate analysis included age > 70 years [odds ratio (OR) 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-3.8, p = 0.011]; uncontrolled hematological malignancy (OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.6-5.2, p < 0.0001); ECOG 3-4 (OR, 2.56, 95% CI 1.4-4.7, p = 0.003); neutropenia (< 0.5 × 109/L) (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.3-6.1, p = 0.01); and a C-reactive protein (CRP) > 20 mg/dL (OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.7-6.4, p < 0.0001). In multivariate analysis of 216 patients with very severe COVID-19, treatment with azithromycin or low dose corticosteroids was associated with lower OM (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.2-0.89 and OR 0.31, 95% CI 0.11-0.87, respectively, p = 0.02) whereas the use of hidroxycloroquine did not show significant improvement in OM (OR 0.64, 95% CI 0.37-1.1, P = 0.1). Conclusions: In most patients with hematological malignancies COVID-19 mortality was directly driven by older age, disease status, performance status, as well as by immune (neutropenia) parameters and level of inflammation (high CRP). Use of azithromycin and low dose corticosteroids may be of value in very severe COVID-19.

14.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 155(9): 382-387, 2020 Nov 13.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561189

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The impact of an admission to ICU before stem cell transplantation (SCT) on post-SCT outcome is not well established. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who had received a first SCT between 2000 and 2016 in our institution. The outcome of 22 patients who required ICU admission during chemotherapy prior to SCT (ICU group) was compared with 44 matched patients (1:2) who did not need it (NO-ICU group). RESULTS: There were no differences in transplant complications, in time to neutrophil and platelet recovery or in the length of hospital stay during SCT between the ICU and NO-ICU groups. However, microbiologically documented infections were more common in the ICU group (16/20) than in the NO-ICU group (18/39) (p=.027). The 5-yr overall survival probability (CI 95%) was 49% (28-70%) in the ICU vs. 45% (29-61%) in the NO-ICU group (p=.353), while the 5-yr incidence of non-relapse mortality was 32% (14-52%) and 24% (12-38%) (p=.333), respectively. Six patients (27%) in the ICU group and 8 (18%) in the NO-ICU group required admission to the ICU during or after the SCT procedure (p=.293). Twelve (54%) patients in the ICU and 22 (50%) in the NO-ICU group died, the causes of death were similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: Our results show that admission to the ICU prior to SCT does not have a negative impact on patient outcomes following SCT and should not be considered as an exclusion criterion for SCT.

17.
Am J Hematol ; 95(9): 1057-1065, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449964

RESUMEN

The impact of measurable residual disease (MRD) on cord blood transplantation (CBT) outcomes has remained debated. To address this issue, we assessed the impact of measurable MRD at CBT on outcomes in large cohort of patients with acute leukemia. Inclusion criteria included adult patients with acute myeloid (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), CBT as first allo-HCT in first or second complete remission (CR) at transplantation, and known MRD status at the time of CBT. Data from 506 patients were included in the analysis. Among them, 317 patients had AML and 189 had ALL. Positive MRD was reported in 169 (33%) patients while the remaining 337 patients were MRD negative at CBT. At 2 years, relapse incidence was 18% in patients with MRD negativity vs 33% in those with MRD positivity at transplantation (P < .001). Two-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 57% and 60%, respectively, in MRD negative patients, vs 38% (P < .001) and 48% (P = .004), respectively, in those with MRD positivity. There was no interaction between the impact of MRD on OS and LFS and diagnosis (ie, ALL vs AML), single or double CBT, and reduced-intensity or myeloablative conditioning. On multivariate analysis, MRD positivity was associated with a higher risk of relapse (HR = 1.8, P = .003), comparable non-relapse mortality (P = .44), worse LFS (HR = 1.4, P = .008) and a trend towards worse OS (HR = 1.3, P = .065). In conclusion, these data suggest that novel strategies that are aiming to achieve MRD negativity at CBT are needed for leukemic patients with positive MRD pre-CBT.

18.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 20(8): e513-e522, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336676

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in older adults and elderly patients is a challenge, and modern protocols include targeted therapy and immunotherapy in combination with attenuated or minimal chemotherapy. However, frail patients are excluded from these trials, and reports on the outcome of this subgroup of patients are scarce. Our objective was to analyze the outcome of unfit older adults and elderly patients with Philadelphia chromosome-negative ALL included in a prospective trial (ALL-07FRAIL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Older adults and elderly patients with Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) ≥ 4 were included. Induction therapy consisted of vincristine and dexamethasone, and maintenance therapy with mercaptopurine and methotrexate for 2 years. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients with a median age of 67 years (range, 57-89 years) and a median CCI of 5 (range, 4-12) were included. The rates of early withdrawal, early death, resistance, and complete response (CR) were 5%, 10%, 31%, and 54%, respectively. Six patients with CR abandoned the study, 5 died in CR, and 23 relapsed (cumulative relapse incidence 75%). The medians of disease-free and overall survival (OS) were 6.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.3-13.5 months) and 7.6 months (95% CI, 6.3-8.9 months), respectively. The most frequent toxic events were hematologic (neutropenia 77% and thrombocytopenia 54%, of grade III-IV in all cases). Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score but not the CCI had significant impact on OS. CONCLUSION: Complete remission with very attenuated chemotherapy can be attained in one-half of older or elderly infirm patients with ALL. These results suggest that some of these patients could benefit from the concomitant or subsequent use of immunotherapy and/or targeted therapy.

19.
Blood Cancer J ; 10(4): 43, 2020 04 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332702

RESUMEN

BCR-ABL1-like B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) remains poorly characterized in adults. We sought to establish the frequency and outcome of adolescent and adult BCR-ABL1-like ALL using a novel RNA-Seq signature in a series of patients with BCP-ALL. To this end, we developed and tested an RNA-Seq custom panel of 42 genes related to a BCR-ABL1-like signature in a cohort of 100 patients with BCP-ALL and treated with risk-adapted ALL trials. Mutations related to BCR-ABL1-like ALL were studied in a panel of 33 genes by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Also, CRLF2 overexpression and IKZF1/CDKN2A/B deletions were analyzed. Twenty out of 79 patients (12-84 years) were classified as BCR-ABL1-like (25%) based on heatmap clustering, with significant overexpression of ENAM, IGJ, and CRLF2 (P ≤ 0.001). The BCR-ABL1-like subgroup accounted for 29% of 15-60-year-old patients, with the following molecular characteristics: CRLF2 overexpression (75% of cases), IKZF1 deletions (64%), CDKN2A/B deletions (57%), and JAK2 mutations (57%). Among patients with postinduction negative minimal residual disease, those with the BCR-ABL1-like ALL signature had a higher rate of relapse and lower complete response duration than non-BCR-ABL1-like patients (P = 0.007). Thus, we have identified a new molecular signature of BCR-ABL1-like ALL that correlates with adverse prognosis in adult patients with ALL.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores de Tumor/genética , Proteínas de Fusión bcr-abl/genética , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Mutación , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/clasificación , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Análisis de Secuencia de ARN/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patología , Pronóstico , Tasa de Supervivencia , Adulto Joven
20.
Eur J Haematol ; 105(2): 138-147, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243655

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Inv(3)(q21.3q26.2)/t(3;3)(q21.3;q26.2) is a rare poor prognosis cytogenetic abnormality present in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and other myeloid neoplasms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of a cohort of 61 patients with newly diagnosed AML with inv(3)/t(3;3) treated with homogeneous intensive chemotherapy protocols conducted by the Spanish PETHEMA and CETLAM cooperative groups between 1999 and 2017. METHODS: In this retrospective study the main clinical and biologic parameters were collected. The complete response (CR) rate, the cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and the overall survival (OS) were calculated. An analysis of prognostic factors for survival was performed. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients received induction and only 18 (29%) achieved CR (median age, 46 years). Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) was performed in 36 patients (59%), 15 with active disease. One- and 4-year CIR were 52% and 56%. One- and 4-year OS probabilities were 41% and 13%. By multivariate analysis monosomal karyotype (MK) was associated with poorer OS (HR 2.0, P = .017). CONCLUSION: Inv(3)/t(3;3) AML is a poor prognosis entity with low response to standard chemotherapy and to alloHSCT because of frequent and early relapse. MK was associated with a poorer prognosis. Improved therapeutic strategies are clearly needed.

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