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1.
Phys Rev E ; 102(2-1): 022804, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942401

RESUMEN

We study dynamic magnetic behavior in the vicinity of the dynamic phase transition (DPT) for a suitable series of samples that have different Curie temperatures T_{C}, which thus enables us to experimentally explore the role of the reduced temperature T/T_{C} in the DPT. For this purpose, we fabricate Co_{1-x}Ru_{x} epitaxial thin films with uniaxial in-plane anisotropy by means of sputter deposition in the concentration range 0.0≤x≤0.26. All samples are ferromagnetic at room temperature, exhibit an abrupt magnetization reversal along their easy axis, and represent a unique T_{C} and thus T/T_{C} ratio according to their Ru concentration. The dynamic magnetic behavior is measured by using an ultrasensitive transverse magneto-optical detection method and the resulting dynamic states are explored as a function of the applied magnetic field amplitude H_{0} and period P, as well as an additional bias field H_{b}, which is the conjugate field of the dynamic order parameter Q. Our experimental results demonstrate that the qualitative behavior of the dynamic phase diagram is independent of the T/T_{C} ratio and that for all T/T_{C} values we observe metamagnetic anomalies in the dynamic paramagnetic state, which do not exist in the corresponding thermodynamic phase diagram. However, quantitatively, these metamagnetic anomalies are very strongly dependent on the T/T_{C} ratio, leading to an about 20-fold increase of large metamagnetic fluctuations in the paramagnetic regime as the T/T_{C} ratio increases from 0.37 to 0.68. Also, the phase space range in which these anomalous metamagnetic fluctuations occur extends closer and closer to the critical point as T/T_{C} increases.

2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3190, 2020 Jun 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32581280

RESUMEN

Epitaxial films may be released from growth substrates and transferred to structurally and chemically incompatible substrates, but epitaxial films of transition metal perovskite oxides have not been transferred to electroactive substrates for voltage control of their myriad functional properties. Here we demonstrate good strain transmission at the incoherent interface between a strain-released film of epitaxially grown ferromagnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and an electroactive substrate of ferroelectric 0.68Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.32PbTiO3 in a different crystallographic orientation. Our strain-mediated magnetoelectric coupling compares well with respect to epitaxial heterostructures, where the epitaxy responsible for strong coupling can degrade film magnetization via strain and dislocations. Moreover, the electrical switching of magnetic anisotropy is repeatable and non-volatile. High-resolution magnetic vector maps reveal that micromagnetic behaviour is governed by electrically controlled strain and cracks in the film. Our demonstration should inspire others to control the physical/chemical properties in strain-released epitaxial oxide films by using electroactive substrates to impart strain via non-epitaxial interfaces.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 118(11): 117202, 2017 Mar 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28368649

RESUMEN

We report the existence of anomalous metamagnetic fluctuations in the vicinity of the dynamic phase transition (DPT) that do not occur for the corresponding thermodynamic behavior of simple ferromagnets. Our results demonstrate that key characteristics associated with the DPT are qualitatively different from conventional thermodynamic phase transitions. We also provide evidence that these differences are tunable by showing that the presence of metamagnetic fluctuations and the size of the critical scaling regime depend strongly on the amplitude of the oscillating field that is driving the DPT in the first place.

4.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 28(49): 494001, 2016 12 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27713189

RESUMEN

First-principles calculations based on density-functional theory including anharmonicity within the variational stochastic self-consistent harmonic approximation are applied to understand how the quantum character of the proton affects the candidate metallic molecular Cmca - 4 structure of hydrogen in the 400-450 GPa pressure range, where metallization of hydrogen is expected to occur. Anharmonic effects, which become crucial due to the zero-point motion, have a large impact on the hydrogen molecules by increasing the intramolecular distance by approximately a 6%. This induces two new electron pockets at the Fermi surface opening new scattering channels for the electron-phonon interaction. Consequently, the electron-phonon coupling constant and the superconducting critical temperature are approximately doubled by anharmonicity and Cmca - 4 hydrogen becomes a superconductor above 200 K in all the studied pressure range. Contrary to many superconducting hydrides, where anharmoncity tends to lower the superconducting critical temperature, our results show that it can enhance superconductivity in molecular hydrogen.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 116(4): 047203, 2016 Jan 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26871355

RESUMEN

A combination of experiments and numerical modeling was used to study the spatial evolution of the ferromagnetic phase transition in a thin film engineered to have a smooth gradient in exchange strength. Mean-field simulations predict, and experiments confirm, that a 100 nm Ni_{x}Cu_{1-x} alloy film with Ni concentration that varies by 9% as a function of depth behaves predominantly as if composed of a continuum of uncoupled ferromagnetic layers with continuously varying Curie temperatures. A mobile boundary separating ordered and disordered regions emerges as the temperature is increased. We demonstrate continuous control of the boundary position with temperature, and reversible control of the magnetization on both sides of the boundary with the magnetic field.

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