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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495062

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to evaluate the 3-dimensional changes in alveolar bone morphology after traction of buccally vs palatally unilateral maxillary impacted canines (MIC). METHODS: Following a split-mouth model, 27 cone-beam computed tomography images of unilaterally MIC (14 palatally and 13 buccally) and 27 contralateral unimpacted controls were obtained before and after traction using nickel-titanium closed-coil springs and a rigid anchorage appliance. Alveolar bone height and width were measured in the axial, coronal, and sagittal slides by 3 calibrated orthodontists, taking into account the impaction characteristics. A t test was used to compare the 2 groups, and a paired t test was applied for intragroup comparisons (both sides). A multiple linear regression model was used to evaluate the influence of the predictor variables on alveolar bone dimensional changes. RESULTS: The alveolar height showed a significantly greater decrease in palatally MIC (2.09 to 2.79 mm) than buccally MIC (0.28 to 0.57 mm) (P <0.05) for all surfaces. However, the alveolar width increased similarly in both groups up to 1.36 mm. In general, the affected side had a more significant height loss and greater increases in alveolar width than the nonaffected side. Regression analysis indicated that buccally MIC and age decreased alveolar changes, whereas female sex increased alveolar changes (P <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MIC traction with nickel-titanium closed-coil springs and heavy anchorage induces significant 3-dimensional changes in alveolar bone characterized by alveolar bone height decreases and cervical alveolar bone width increases. The height decrease is greater in palatally than in buccally MIC.

2.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(4): 23e1-23e7, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965383

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the root length of maxillary and mandibular incisors between individuals with open bite versus matched individuals with adequate overbite. METHODS: This comparative, matched and retrospective study included 48 cone beam computed tomographies (CBCTs) obtained at a university radiological center. Scans belonged to 24 individuals with open bite (overbite ≤ 0 mm) and 24 individuals with adequate overbite (controls). Both groups were matched by age, sex, malocclusion classification and skeletal characteristics (ANB and FMA angles). Root length of each maxillary and mandibular incisor was measured in millimeters (mm) in a sagittal section from a perpendicular line to the enamel cement junction until the root apex (384 length measurements were made). The means of root length in both groups were compared using t-tests. In addition, correlations between variables were evaluated with the Pearson correlation coefficient (α = 0.05). RESULTS: In both groups, the root length of the upper central incisors was approximately 12 mm and the root length of the maxillary lateral incisors was approximately 13 mm (p˃ 0.05). Likewise, the root length of lower central incisors in both groups measured approximately 12 mm (p˃ 0.05). However, the mandibular lateral incisor roots of open bite patients were significantly longer than in the normal overbite patients (approximately 1 mm, p= 0.012 right side, p= 0.001 left side). CONCLUSIONS: Root length of maxillary incisors and central mandibular incisor is similar in individuals with or without open bite, but the mandibular lateral incisor roots in open bite patients were significantly longer than in the normal overbite patients.


Asunto(s)
Mordida Abierta/diagnóstico por imagen , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico Espiral , Cefalometría , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagen , Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Estudios Retrospectivos
3.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e026-e026, mayo-ago. 2020.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1119392

RESUMEN

Para el rehabilitador oral, resulta fundamental determinar con precisión la orientación del plano oclusal en pacientes con distintas alteraciones, como desgastes severos, edentulismo parcial, total y sus consecuencias. Es importante que este sea lo más cercano posible a la posición que ocupaba en dentición natural, ya que influye principalmente en la función oclusal, de los músculos masticatorios, en la articulación temporomandibular, en la fonética y en la estética. Además, la correcta determinación constituye la base de la planificación, por ser el plano de referencia estético y funcional; determina la guía anterior, los patrones de movimiento mandibular, la eficiencia masticatoria y la dimensión vertical. Por ello, el propósito de este estudio es evaluar los métodos más utilizados y confiables para la determinación del plano oclusal, mediante una revisión de la literatura científica actual. A partir de lo investigado, se concluye que el plano oclusal debe ubicarse en la posición que ocupaban los dientes naturales, y su determinación incluye una secuencia clínica, que se inicia por el sector anterior en reposo y sonrisa, y continúa con el sector posterior. No existe un método absoluto. Es importante el análisis individual de cada paciente para decidir qué métodos serán los más indicados. Existen métodos que incluyen el análisis cefalométrico o tridimensional, lo que aporta una mayor precisión en la planificación. (AU)


In oral rehabilitation, it is fundamental to accurately determine the orientation of the occlusal plane in patients with different occlusal alterations such as severe wear, partial and total edentulism and their consequences. It is important that the occlusal plane be as close as possible to the position occupied in natural dentition, since it mainly affects occlusal function, the masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joint, phonetics and aesthetics. In addition, correct determination is the basis of treatment planning, as it is the aesthetic and functional reference plane, and determines the previous guide, mandibular movement patterns, masticatory efficiency and vertical dimension. Thus, the purpose of this study was to provide a review of the current scientific literature on the most commonly used and reliable methods for determining the occlusal plane. According to the literature, the occlusal plane should be located in the position occupied by the natural teeth, and its determination is made following a clinical sequence starting with the anterior sector at rest and while smiling, continuing with the posterior sector. There is no method of choice. However, individual analysis of each patient is important to determine the most adequate method. Methods including cephalometric and/or three-dimensional analysis provide greater precision for treatment planning. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Cefalometría , Oclusión Dental , Maloclusión
4.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(4): 23e1-23e7, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1133677

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to compare the root length of maxillary and mandibular incisors between individuals with open bite versus matched individuals with adequate overbite. Methods: This comparative, matched and retrospective study included 48 cone beam computed tomographies (CBCTs) obtained at a university radiological center. Scans belonged to 24 individuals with open bite (overbite ≤ 0 mm) and 24 individuals with adequate overbite (controls). Both groups were matched by age, sex, malocclusion classification and skeletal characteristics (ANB and FMA angles). Root length of each maxillary and mandibular incisor was measured in millimeters (mm) in a sagittal section from a perpendicular line to the enamel cement junction until the root apex (384 length measurements were made). The means of root length in both groups were compared using t-tests. In addition, correlations between variables were evaluated with the Pearson correlation coefficient (α = 0.05). Results: In both groups, the root length of the upper central incisors was approximately 12 mm and the root length of the maxillary lateral incisors was approximately 13 mm (p˃ 0.05). Likewise, the root length of lower central incisors in both groups measured approximately 12 mm (p˃ 0.05). However, the mandibular lateral incisor roots of open bite patients were significantly longer than in the normal overbite patients (approximately 1 mm, p= 0.012 right side, p= 0.001 left side). Conclusions: Root length of maxillary incisors and central mandibular incisor is similar in individuals with or without open bite, but the mandibular lateral incisor roots in open bite patients were significantly longer than in the normal overbite patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar o comprimento radicular de incisivos superiores e inferiores em indivíduos com mordida aberta versus indivíduos com sobremordida normal. Método: Esse estudo comparativo e retrospectivo incluiu 48 tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico (TCFC) obtidas em um centro radiológico universitário. As tomografias foram realizadas em 24 indivíduos com mordida aberta (sobremordida ≤ 0 mm) e 24 indivíduos com sobremordida normal (controle). Ambos os grupos foram compatibilizados de acordo com a idade, sexo, má oclusão e padrão esquelético (ângulos ANB e FMA). O comprimento radicular de todos os incisivos superiores e inferiores foi medido em milímetros (mm) em um corte sagital, de uma linha perpendicular à junção cemento-esmalte até o ápice radicular (384 medidas de comprimento foram realizadas). A média de comprimento radicular em ambos os grupos foi comparada utilizando-se o teste t. Adicionalmente, correlações entre as variáveis foram avaliadas usando o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson (α = 0,05). Resultados: Em ambos os grupos, o comprimento radicular dos incisivos centrais superiores foi de, aproximadamente, 12 mm, e o comprimento radicular dos incisivos laterais superiores foi de, aproximadamente, 13 mm (p˃ 0,05). Da mesma forma, o comprimento radicular dos incisivos centrais inferiores, em ambos os grupos, obteve a medida de aproximadamente 12 mm (p>0,05). No entanto, o comprimento radicular dos incisivos laterais inferiores em indivíduos com mordida aberta foi significativamente maior em comparação aos pacientes com sobremordida normal (aproximadamente 1 mm, p=0,012 do lado direito, p=0,001 do lado esquerdo). Conclusões: O comprimento radicular de incisivos superiores e incisivos centrais inferiores foi similar em indivíduos com ou sem mordida aberta, mas o comprimento radicular de incisivos laterais inferiores em indivíduos com mordida aberta foi significativamente maior em comparação a pacientes com sobremordida normal.

5.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(6): e547-e554, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32665813

RESUMEN

Background: Root fractures are a diagnostic challenge for dentists in endodontic treatment. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the characteristics of tooth fractures and the presence of root canal posts in endodontically treated teeth using high-resolution cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: Fifty high-resolution CBCT scans of endodontically treated teeth with a diagnosis of fracture were obtained, of which 30 were from women and 20 were from men. These scans were acquired with three Veraviewepocs 3D units and one 3D Accuitomo 170 unit, with a 40 × 40-mm field of view and 125 µm voxel size. The variables assessed included the type of fracture, extent of fracture, type of retention, post length, cause of endodontic failure, location of the lesion, and time required to detect the fracture (difficulty score). For data analysis, the chi-squared test, Student's t-test, and multiple linear regression (α <0.05) were used. Results: No association was found between the type of fracture and type of retention or between the type of fracture and its extent (P>0.05). On the other hand, the type of fracture significantly influenced the time required for its detection. Additionally, the most difficult plane for detecting the fracture and the difficulty score were associated, with statistically significant results. Conclusions: The type of fracture in endodontically treated teeth was not associated with the type of post used for restoration. All of the CBCT systems used to detect tooth fracture showed the same efficiency. Key words:Cone-Beam CT, Tooth Fracture, Root Canal Post.

6.
Int Orthod ; 18(3): 490-502, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513608

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Maxillary impacted canines (MIC) could suffer root changes after canine traction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the 3-dimensional root changes in buccal versus palatal MIC after orthodontic traction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This longitudinal and retrospective study included pre-treatment and after traction cone beam computed tomography scans (CBCTs) of 30 subjects with unilateral/bilateral MIC. A total of 43 MIC were divided into 2 groups: buccal (n=17) or palatal (n=26). Root changes in length and area after orthodontic traction were measured at sagittal, coronal and axial sections. Intergroup comparison was carried out by t or U Mann-Whitney tests, depending on normality. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the influence of all predictor variables on root changes (P<0.05). RESULTS: Significant difference between groups was found for root area changes in the upper limit of the cervical third at axial section that showed greater appositional values for the palatal impacted canine group (-1.18mm2) and resorptive values for the buccal impacted canine group (0.62mm2) (P=0.024). Position of impaction palatal influenced the increase of root area in the coronal section and in the upper limit of the cervical third at axial section. Age directly influenced the decrease of total length and root area in sagittal and coronal sections, respectively. CONCLUSION: Orthodontic traction of MIC produced an important appositional root change in the palatal impaction group in the axial root area of the upper limit of the cervical third. Impaction position and age influenced the increase and decrease of root area and length of some specific radicular regions.

8.
Int Orthod ; 18(3): 480-489, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335124

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Maxillary canine impaction is directly associated with a narrow maxillary arch, mainly in the inter-premolar widths. This study compared the transverse changes at the level of maxillary premolars after traction of maxillary impacted canines (MICs) in adolescents and young adults through three main goals: to compare unilateral versus bilateral cases, to compare buccally versus palatally MIC cases, and to compare the affected versus non-affected side exclusively in the unilateral group. METHODS: This before and after CBCT study involved 45 MIC orthodontically tractioned until the occlusal plane with a standardized protocol. The sample was classified regarding the impaction type (unilateral versus bilateral), impaction location (palatal versus buccal) and the affected versus unaffected sides in the unilateral cases. MIC characteristics as impaction sector, height, and complexity of the traction, as well as α and ß angles, canine root length and area were measured. Moreover, cephalometric characteristics were also evaluated. Mann-Whitney U or Wilcoxon signed-rank tests and multiple regressions were applied (α=0.05). RESULTS: Maxillary inter-premolar widths (first or second) expanded approximately 3mm after traction of unilateral or bilateral MIC (P>0.05). Changes in hemi-arch widths between palatal (1.67mm) versus buccal (1.90mm) MIC were similar (P>0.05). In unilateral impaction, the transversal changes on the affected side were 2mm versus almost 1mm observed in the unaffected side (P<0.05). Finally, the multiple linear regressions were identified to the ANB angle, the impaction sectors and the distance from middle raphe to the cusp tip of MIC as influential variables. CONCLUSION: The maxillary inter-premolar widths increase after traction of MIC without differences between type or location of impaction. In addition, the transverse change in the affected side in unilateral MIC is greater than the unaffected side resolving the earlier transverse asymmetry.

9.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(1): 103-108, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246690

RESUMEN

Background: The position of the mental foramen (MF) is particularly relevant in dentistry. The incorporation of new imaging techniques, such as cone-beam-computed tomography (CBCT), can be used to identify anatomic dimorphic traits. Aims: This study evaluated the sexual dimorphism of MF position by CBCT among a selected population. Methods: Fifty CBCT images from 20 to 40-year-old subjects (25 men and 25 women) were evaluated. The horizontal position was evaluated using the al Jasser-Nwoku classification to identify the position of the MF in the mandible. Two measurements were obtained on coronal sections to evaluate the vertical position of the MF: the distance from the uppermost alveolar ridge to the upper edge of the foramen and the distance from the inferior edge of the foramen to the lower border of the mandible. Statistical Analysis Used: Comparisons between sexes and sides were performed with Student's t-test and Chi-square tests. Results: The most frequent location of the MF was in line and below of the second premolar tooth in both men and women (P > 0.05). Additionally, significant differences were found between sexes for the distance from the inferior edge of the foramen to the lower border of the mandible in each side (P < 0.001 for the right and left sides). Conclusions: Horizontal position of the MF is not a sexually dimorphic feature and it is predominantly in line and below the second premolar tooth. Women present the MF in a more caudal position, closer to the mandibular base when compared to men.


Asunto(s)
Foramen Mental , Caracteres Sexuales , Adulto , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Perú , Adulto Joven
10.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 42(9): 1051-1056, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140764

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the buccal alveolar bone thickness of mesioangulated mandibular impacted third molars (MITM) with buccal versus lingual inclination using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study evaluated 69 individuals (39 women and 30 men) who presented a total of 101 mesioangulated MITM according to the Winter classification and in B position according to the Pell and Gregory classification. The average age was 22.99 ± 3.94 years. The superior, medial and inferior alveolar thickness regarding buccal (n = 44) or lingual (n = 57) mandibular third molar inclination were measured. T test or Mann-Whitney U test and finally, a multiple linear regression were applied (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The buccal alveolar bone thickness of mesioangulated mandibular impacted third molars was significantly greater in the group with lingual inclination compared to the group with buccal inclination, in the superior region (6.21 ± 3.27 vs. 4.85 ± 3.06; p = 0.036). The lingual inclination significantly influenced the buccal alveolar bone thickness in the middle region (p = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: The mesioangulated MITM in B position with lingual inclination have a greater thickness of the superior and medial buccal alveolar bone than the MITM with buccal inclination. These results should be considered during MITM diagnosis and surgical planning.

11.
Int Orthod ; 18(2): 237-245, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037207

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare cranial base linear and angular measurements between individuals with skeletal open bite and different sagittal skeletal relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational and cross-sectional study included 101 lateral radiographs of young Latin-American individuals with skeletal open bite that met the inclusion criteria and were collected from a private radiological centre. Three groups were formed. Groups 1, 2 and 3 included individuals with skeletal open bite (negative overbite and FMA>30°) and Class I (n=31), II (n=35) and III (n=35) sagittal skeletal relationship, respectively. The anterior and posterior cranial bases (SN and SBa), and cranial base angles (BaSN and ArSN) were measured. Groups were compared with one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc Scheffé tests. The influence of predictor variables on the cranial base were evaluated with linear regressions (α=0.05). RESULTS: The cranial base angles were significantly smaller (approximately 3° to 5°) in the skeletal open bite Class III group (BaSN=127.97°± 5.86°, ArSN=120.19°±6.12°) when compared with the other groups. BaSN angle, Class I versus Class III (p<0.001) and Class II versus Class III (p<0.001). ArSN angle, Class I versus Class III (p=0.005) and Class II versus Class III (p=0.026). Multiple linear regressions showed that sex had a significant influence on both cranial base dimensions with men showing larger values than women. CONCLUSIONS: Skeletal open bite Class III individuals show a smaller cranial base angle than Skeletal open bite Class I or II individuals.

12.
Int Orthod ; 18(1): 79-88, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735681

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Alveolar bone surrounding mandibular incisors dictates the range of buccolingual inclination that can be achieved with treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate the mandibular anterior alveolar thickness and height in individuals with different sagittal and vertical skeletal relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cone beam computed tomography scans of 53 individuals (22 males and 31 females; mean age 21.19±3.7 years) were classified into 3 groups according to the sagittal skeletal relationship (class I, class II, and class III) and the vertical growth pattern (hyperdivergent, normodivergent, and hypodivergent). The alveolar thickness and height of both mandibular central incisors were measured. Group comparisons were performed with analysis of variance and post hoc Scheffé tests. Multiple linear regression was applied to evaluate the influence of all variables on the alveolar conditions. RESULTS: Alveolar thickness and height showed no significant differences among the class I, II and III groups (6 and 7mm regardless of the sagittal group, P>0.05). The middle and lower alveolar thicknesses were significantly smaller in hyperdivergent (5.76mm and 6.34mm) and normodivergent (6.29mm and 7.40mm) than hypodivergent individuals (6.63mm and 8.27mm respectively). The lingual alveolar height was smaller in hyperdivergent (6.04mm) than hypodivergent individuals (7.93mm) (P=0.029, 95%CI: 0.15-3.63) and the lingual bone height was smaller in hypodivergent (3.24mm) than hyperdivergent individuals (5.06mm) (P=0.029, 95%CI: 0.15-3.48). Multiple linear regression indicated a significant influence of the root length on the alveolar thickness and height. CONCLUSIONS: The sagittal skeletal relationship showed no influence on the alveolar thickness or height, even if dental compensation was present. Hyperdivergent individuals showed smaller alveolar thicknesses and heights than hypodivergent individuals.

14.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0226267, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821357

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the root and alveolar bone changes in first premolars adjacent to the orthodontic traction of buccal versus palatal maxillary impacted canines (MIC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Before and after traction, cone beam tomographic computed (CBCTs) of 25 subjects with unilateral/bilateral MIC were included in this follow-up and retrospective study. Thirty-six first premolars were divided into 2 groups, buccal (n = 15) or palatal (n = 21) MIC, and the tomographic images were evaluated before and after orthodontic traction. Root changes in length and area were measured in sagittal, coronal and axial sections. Dimensions of alveolar bone were evaluated in coronal sections. Intergroup and intragroup comparisons were performed using t or Mann-Whitney U tests. Multiple linear regressions analyses were used to evaluate the influence of all predictor variables on root and alveolar bone changes (P<0.05). RESULTS: Root and alveolar bone changes produced by orthodontic traction were not significant between groups. Root changes were smaller than 1 mm (length) and 2.51 mm2 (area). Alveolar bone changes between buccal and palatal MIC groups ranged from 0.13 mm to 1.69 mm Furthermore, the multivariate analysis showed no significant influence of the impaction condition (buccal or palatal) on root change. Nevertheless, some different predictor variables of the MIC influence these changes. In the alveolar bone, the maximum upper alveolar width (MUAW) is the most affected by the traction of the MIC. CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontic traction of buccal vs palatal MIC produces similar resorptive and appositional root and alveolar bone changes in the adjacent first premolars, without clinical relevance.


Asunto(s)
Diente Premolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Diente Canino/cirugía , Tracción , Adolescente , Adulto , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Ortodoncia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
15.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(6): 767-778, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784010

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the inclination and position changes of maxillary incisors after traction of unilateral vs bilateral maxillary impacted canines in nonextraction orthodontic treatment. METHODS: This longitudinal and retrospective study evaluated 24 patients with impacted maxillary canines; 12 with unilateral impaction and 12 with bilateral impaction. All subjects had Angle Class I malocclusion and were orthodontically treated with a standardized traction protocol that did not include premolar extractions. Cone-beam computed tomographies were obtained before and after canine traction and the inclination and position of both maxillary central incisors were measured. Furthermore, dental arch, skeletal, and canine impaction characteristics were evaluated. Paired and independent t tests were used for intra and inter group comparisons, respectively. Multiple linear regressions were also used. RESULTS: After canine traction, a significant incisor labial inclination was observed in the bilateral group (10.41° right side, P = 0.008 and 12.79° left side, P = 0.001), while in the unilateral group, this was observed only on the nonaffected side (6.67°, P = 0.008). Furthermore, a significant protrusion of incisors was observed in the bilateral group (2.66 mm right side, P = 0.006, and 3.15 mm left side, P = 0.001) and in the nonaffected side of the unilateral group (1.74 mm, P = 0.022). Intergroup comparisons showed greater values of incisor labial inclination for the bilateral group when compared with the unilateral group, independently of the sides. CONCLUSIONS: Traction of maxillary impacted canines, in nonextraction treatment, produces greater labial inclination of maxillary incisors in bilateral cases and similar protrusion in both unilateral and bilateral cases. Unilateral impaction cases showed significant incisor inclination and protrusion in the nonaffected side. These treatment effects should be considered by clinicians.


Asunto(s)
Incisivo , Diente Impactado , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Diente Canino , Humanos , Maxilar , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tracción
16.
Prog Orthod ; 20(1): 38, 2019 Oct 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591660

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the midpalatal suture maturation stages in adolescents and young adults using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: The sample comprised 200 CBCT scans of individuals aged 10 to 25 years old (95 males and 105 females) divided into three groups, adolescents (n = 48), post-adolescents (n = 52), and young adults (n = 100). The Planmeca ProMax 3D software was used for the midpalatal suture maturation stage evaluation according to Angieleri's method, using cross-sectional axial slice. Two previously calibrated examiners analyzed the images and classified according to five different maturation stages. A, B, and C stages were considered with open midpalatal suture, and D and E were considered without open midpalatal suture. Association tests were performed using chi-square test also, and a binary logistic regression was evaluated (P < 0.05). RESULTS: The possibility to find open midpalatal suture in individuals of 10 to 15 years old was 70.8%, in subject aged 16 to 20 and 21 to 25 years old was 21.2% and 17%, respectively. Furthermore, this possibility in individuals older than 16 years was greater in males than in females. CONCLUSIONS: The possibility to find open midpalatal suture in post-adolescents and young adults is greater than the orthodontists considered years ago. Furthermore, men are more likely to find midpalatal suture opening. These implications might be considered by the orthodontists when maxillary expansion is required. Besides, the ossification of the middle palatal suture is very variable, and therefore, the use of CBCT might be recommended to clarify this possibility.


Asunto(s)
Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Suturas Craneales , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar , Técnica de Expansión Palatina , Suturas , Adulto Joven
17.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(3): 391-400, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474269

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic traction of a maxillary impacted canine (MIC) increases the orthodontic treatment time. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of MIC characteristics and factors associated with orthodontic treatment on the duration of active orthodontic traction. METHODS: This follow-up and retrospective study included 45 MICs orthodontically tractioned into the occlusal plane with the use of a standardized protocol. MIC characteristics, including type, sector, side, location, height, and complexity of impaction, as well as α and ß angles and canine root length and area were measured. Likewise, factors associated with orthodontic treatment, including sex, age, malocclusion, premolar extractions, previous incisor root resorption, ANB, APDI, and SNA angles, and PNS-ANS distance were also evaluated. The statistical analysis included multiple linear regressions to estimate the influence of all variables on the duration of traction (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Sex had significant influence (P = 0.027) on the time of traction; in female patients, the time was 2.05 months more than in male patients. Bilateral impaction treatment increased the time by 2.74 months compared with unilateral cases (P = 0.001). Traction of bicortically centered impacted canines increased the duration of traction by 2.85 months (P = 0.001). Finally, the traction time increased in 2.35 months (P = 0.046) when the impaction sectors were 4 or 5 (close to the midline). CONCLUSIONS: The duration of active orthodontic traction of MIC is mainly influenced by sex, bilateral type, bicortically centered location, or when MIC is located in sector 4 or 5 close to midline, increasing the traction time by some months.


Asunto(s)
Diente Canino/cirugía , Maxilar/cirugía , Ortodoncia Correctiva/métodos , Diente Impactado/complicaciones , Diente Impactado/terapia , Adolescente , Diente Canino/diagnóstico por imagen , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Incisivo , Masculino , Maloclusión/clasificación , Maloclusión/terapia , Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Orales , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/instrumentación , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/métodos , Aparatos Ortodóncicos Fijos , Ortodoncia Correctiva/instrumentación , Evaluación de Procesos y Resultados en Atención de Salud , Planificación de Atención al Paciente , Radiografía Dental , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resorción Radicular/complicaciones , Factores Sexuales , Factores de Tiempo , Erupción Dental , Raíz del Diente/anatomía & histología , Raíz del Diente/diagnóstico por imagen , Diente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagen , Diente Impactado/cirugía , Tracción , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
Indian J Dent Res ; 30(3): 381-385, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397412

RESUMEN

Background: Today, there are several diagnostic methods to determine the exact size and nature of periapical lesions. Furthermore, there are studies that described thickening of the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus (MS) in patients with periapical lesions and demonstrated a causal relation. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the morphological variations of the MS floor (MSF) adjacent to chronic periapical lesions in molars and premolars using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: Twenty-five CBCTs with periapical lesions adjacent to maxillary molars and premolars were evaluated. A total of 50 maxillary sinuses were analyzed (12 males and 13 women) taking into account density changes within the sinus cavity. The thickening of the sinus mucosa and the periapical lesions was measured in a caudal-cephalic direction. The axial and sagittal axis was taken as reference on the sagittal and coronal sections. Statistical Analysis: Chi-square, Fisher exact, and the Mann-Whitney tests were used in this study. Results: A significant association between the size of the periapical lesions (>4 mm) and the presence of MSF affectation was found on sagittal and coronal views (P < 0.001). No significant differences between the presence or absence of periapical lesions and the thickening of the sinus mucosa were found (P = 0.241). The presence of opacification on the MS had no direct associations with the periapical lesions. Conclusions: Maxillary sinus floor affectation was associated with chronic periapical lesions >4 mm. The opacification or thickening of the sinus mucosa was not related with the periapical lesions.


Asunto(s)
Seno Maxilar , Elevación del Piso del Seno Maxilar , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Diente Molar , Estudios Retrospectivos
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