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Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17032, 2019 Nov 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745127


Two-dimensional MoS2 has emerged as promising material for nanoelectronics and spintronics due to its exotic properties. However, high contact resistance at metal semiconductor MoS2 interface still remains an open issue. Here, we report electronic properties of field effect transistor devices using monolayer MoS2 channels and permalloy (Py) as ferromagnetic (FM) metal contacts. Monolayer MoS2 channels were directly grown on SiO2/Si substrate via chemical vapor deposition technique. The increase in current with back gate voltage (Vg) shows the tunability of FET characteristics. The Schottky barrier height (SBH) estimated for Py/MoS2 contacts is found to be +28.8 meV (at Vg = 0V), which is the smallest value reported so-far for any direct metal (magnetic or non-magnetic)/monolayer MoS2 contact. With the application of positive gate voltage, SBH shows a reduction, which reveals ohmic behavior of Py/MoS2 contacts. Low SBH with controlled ohmic nature of FM contacts is a primary requirement for MoS2 based spintronics and therefore using directly grown MoS2 channels in the present study can pave a path towards high performance devices for large scale applications.

Nat Commun ; 7: 13857, 2016 12 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27976747


The spin-orbit coupling relating the electron spin and momentum allows for spin generation, detection and manipulation. It thus fulfils the three basic functions of the spin field-effect transistor. However, the spin Hall effect in bulk germanium is too weak to produce spin currents, whereas large Rashba effect at Ge(111) surfaces covered with heavy metals could generate spin-polarized currents. The Rashba spin splitting can actually be as large as hundreds of meV. Here we show a giant spin-to-charge conversion in metallic states at the Fe/Ge(111) interface due to the Rashba coupling. We generate very large charge currents by direct spin pumping into the interface states from 20 K to room temperature. The presence of these metallic states at the Fe/Ge(111) interface is demonstrated by first-principles electronic structure calculations. By this, we demonstrate how to take advantage of the spin-orbit coupling for the development of the spin field-effect transistor.

J Phys Condens Matter ; 28(16): 165801, 2016 Apr 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26988255


We report on the spin transport properties in p-doped germanium (Ge-p) using low temperature magnetoresistance measurements, electrical spin injection from a ferromagnetic metal and the spin pumping-inverse spin Hall effect method. Electrical spin injection is carried out using three-terminal measurements and the Hanle effect. In the 2-20 K temperature range, weak antilocalization and the Hanle effect provide the same spin lifetime in the germanium valence band (≈1 ps) in agreement with predicted values and previous optical measurements. These results, combined with dynamical spin injection by spin pumping and the inverse spin Hall effect, demonstrate successful spin accumulation in Ge. We also estimate the spin Hall angle θ(SHE) in Ge-p (6-7 x 10(-4) at room temperature, pointing out the essential role of ionized impurities in spin dependent scattering.