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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722202

RESUMEN

Containment measures adopted to reduce the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have produced a general perception of job insecurity. Dentists have been highly affected by such measures, as they represent an easy source of contagion. As perceived job insecurity is associated with psychological distress and Italian dentists have been highly affected by the COVID-19 outbreak in terms of potential financial loss and the risk of being infected, this study aimed at assessing whether the fear of COVID-19 moderated the effect of perceived job insecurity on depressive symptoms. This cross-sectional online study has included 735 Italian dentists recruited during the lockdown and ranging in age from 27 to 70 years old (495 men and 240 women). A quantile regression model with an inference based on the median and with an interaction term between the fear of COVID-19 and perceived job insecurity has been used to estimate the hypothesized associations. The results indicated that both perceived job insecurity and fear of COVID-19 were positively associated with depressive symptoms, and that the effect of perceived job insecurity on depressive symptoms was weaker among those with a low fear of COVID-19. The findings may inform public health policies for dentists in relation to reducing the risk of developing negative mental health outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Odontólogos/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Empleo/psicología , Miedo , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Estudios Transversales , Brotes de Enfermedades , Femenino , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/virología
2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231082

RESUMEN

Peri-implant soft tissues play a role of paramount importance, not only on the esthetic appearance, but also on the maintenance and long-term stability of implants. The present report presents the conclusions from the Consensus Conference of the South European North African Middle Eastern Implantology & Modern Dentistry Association (SENAME) (4-6 November 2016, Cairo, Egypt). The conference focused on the topic of the soft tissue around dental implants, and in particular, on the influence of implant configurations on the marginal soft tissues, soft tissue alterations after immediate, early or delayed implant placement and immediate loading, the long-term outcomes of soft tissue stability around dental implants, and soft tissue augmentation around dental implants. Thirty world experts in this field were invited to take part in this two-day event; however, only 29 experts were in the final consensus voting process.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Mucosa Bucal , Consenso , Egipto , Humanos
3.
J Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 14(5): 701-713, 2020 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174023

RESUMEN

Diabetic patients display increased risk of periodontitis and failure in bone augmentation procedures. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) represent a relevant advantage in tissue repair process and regenerative medicine. We isolated MSCs from Bichat's buccal fat pad (BFP) and measured the effects of glucose and PRP on cell number and osteogenic differentiation potential. Cells were cultured in the presence of 5.5-mM glucose (low glucose [LG]) or 25-mM glucose (high glucose [HG]). BFP-MSC number was significantly lower when cells were cultured in HG compared with those in LG. Following osteogenic differentiation procedures, calcium accumulation, alkaline phosphatase activity, and expression of osteogenic markers were significantly lower in HG compared with LG. Exposure of BFP-MSC to PRP significantly increased cell number and osteogenic differentiation potential, reaching comparable levels in LG and in HG. Thus, high-glucose concentrations impair BFP-MSC growth and osteogenic differentiation. However, these detrimental effects are largely counteracted by PRP.

4.
Quintessence Int ; 51(3): 204-211, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020130

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Presence of clinical attachment loss on the distal aspect to the second molar may be associated with malposition of the third molar. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reduction of clinical attachment loss at the distal aspect of the second molar after third molar extraction and application of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF). METHOD AND MATERIALS: Eighteen subjects with a clinical attachment loss on the distal site to the second molar associated with impacted third molar in both sides of the jaw were recruited for the study. For each subject the teeth were randomly allocated in test and control groups. After surgical removal of the impacted third molar, the L-PRF was inserted in the fresh alveolar socket of test sites; in the control sites no graft was inserted after extraction. Full-mouth plaque score, full-mouth bleeding score, clinical attachment level (CAL), probing depth, and gingival recession were assessed at baseline and 6 months later. RESULTS: After 6 months, mean CAL change was 1.99 ± 1.18 mm in the test group and 1.15 ± 1.01 mm in the control group; probing depth change was 1.33 ± 0.87 mm in the test group and 0.50 ± 0.63 mm in the control group. Statistically significant differences (P < .05) were observed between groups in terms of CAL and probing depth changes. No differences were found in gingival recession changes. CONCLUSION: Within the limits of the present study, the sites treated by means of application of L-PRF after impacted third molar extraction showed better results in terms of CAL gain and probing depth reduction when compared with control sites.


Asunto(s)
Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Diente Impactado , Humanos , Diente Molar , Tercer Molar , Bolsa Periodontal , Extracción Dental
5.
Quintessence Int ; 51(1): 28-36, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463483

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess the stability of soft tissues around implants by comparing mucosal recessions in patients with keratinized mucosa (test) with patients without keratinized mucosa (control) around osseointegrated dental implants. METHOD AND MATERIALS: The PICO criteria used were as follows: Population, patients with osseointegrated dental implants; Intervention/exposure, presence of a keratinized mucosa; Comparison/control, absence of keratinized mucosa; Outcome, presence or absence of peri-implant mucosal recessions (mm). DATA SOURCES: An electronic search of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Oral Health Group specialist trials supplemented by manual searching was conducted to identify studies reporting outcomes of at least 5 years on the presence of mucosal recessions at implants with or without attached mucosa. Mucosal recession (MR) was set as primary outcome. Prospective cohort studies published in English language up to October 2018, with a mean follow-up period of at least 5 years, reporting keratinized tissue height ≥ 2 mm and < 2 mm or presence/absence of keratinized tissue, with fixed implant-supported prostheses. The homogeneity of studies was assessed by DerSimonian and Laird test (Q test). The differences in terms of gingival recession around implants reported between test groups (keratinized mucosa ≥ 2 mm) and control (keratinized mucosa < 2 mm or no keratinized mucosa) were compared. Two studies reporting 201 patients with 514 tissue level implants were selected for the final analysis. RESULTS: Due to the high heterogeneity between the selected studies, no statistical test could be performed. However, in both studies a deeper mucosal recession occurred when keratinized mucosa was < 2 mm: 0.61 ± 0.10 (-0.90; -0.32) and -1.92 ± 0.12 (-2.16; -1.68), respectively. CONCLUSION: Within their limitations, the findings indicate that after a mean observation period of at least 5 years, the presence of keratinized mucosa may lead to less mucosal recession at dental implants.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Recesión Gingival , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Encía , Humanos , Membrana Mucosa , Estudios Prospectivos
6.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(4): 399-416, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781696

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To analyse and compare the dimensional changes of unassisted extraction sockets with alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) techniques and investigate any factors that impact the resorption of the alveolar bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify randomised clinical trials (RCTs). All data were extracted, and a meta-analysis was performed for the changes in all buccolingual ridge width, midbuccal and midlingual ridge height, and mesial and distal ridge height, and horizontal width at reference points apical to the crestal area. RESULTS: Based on 14 RCTs, the effectiveness of ARP in reducing the dimensions of the postextraction alveolar socket was confirmed. The clinical magnitude of this effect was 1.95 mm in the buccolingual ridge width, 1.62 mm in the midbuccal ridge height, and 1.26 mm on the midlingual ridge height. Additionally, 0.45 mm and 0.34 mm for mesial and distal ridge height, and 1.21 mm, and 0.76 mm for ridge width changes at points 3 and 5 mm apical to the crest were noted. Meta-regression analyses revealed that the reflection of flaps and primary wound coverage during ARP may have detrimental effects on bone remodelling, while no statistical significance was observed for any of the bone graft substitutes or the percentage of molar sockets. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of the protocol, ARP can only minimise ridge resorption. ARP is most effective on horizontal ridge width, providing the most benefit coronally (approximating the crest), followed by the midbuccal ridge height.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Proceso Alveolar , Consenso , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Extracción Dental , Alveolo Dental
7.
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) ; 12(3): 267-280, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535097

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcome of fixed prostheses supported by 4- to 8-mm-long implants with prostheses supported by longer implants placed in vertically augmented atrophic mandibles after a follow-up of 5 years in function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and MEDLINE were searched up to 1st September 2018 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with a follow-up of at least 5 years in function comparing fixed prostheses supported by 4- to 8-mm-long implants with prostheses supported by longer implants placed in vertically augmented atrophic mandibles. Outcome measures were prosthesis failure, implant failures, augmentation procedure failures, complications, and peri-implant marginal bone level changes. Screening of eligible studies, assessment of the risk of bias and data extraction were conducted in duplicate and independently by two review authors. The statistical unit of the analysis was the prosthesis. Results were expressed as random-effects models using mean differences for continuous outcomes and risk ratios (RR) for dichotomous outcomes with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Four eligible RCTs that included originally 135 patients were included. Two RCTs had a parallel-group design and two a split-mouth design. Short implants were 5.0 to 6.6 mm long and were compared with longer implants placed in posterior mandibles augmented with interpositional blocks of bone substitutes. All trials were judged at unclear risk of bias. Twelve (14%) bone augmentation procedures failed to achieve the planned bone height to allow placement of implants with the planned length. Five years after loading, 28 patients (21%) had dropped out from the four RCTs. There were no differences for patients having prosthesis (RR = 1.46; 95% CI: 0.52 to 4.09; P = 0.47; I2 = 0%) or implant (RR = 1.00; 95% CI: 0.31 to 3.21; P = 1.00; I2 = 0%) failures between the two interventions, but there were more patients experiencing complications (RR = 4.72; 95% CI: 2.43 to 9.17; P < 0.00001; I2 = 0%) and peri-implant marginal bone loss (mean difference = 0.60 mm; 95% CI: 0.36 to 0.83; P < 0.00001; I2 = 45%) at longer implants in augmented bone. CONCLUSIONS: Five years after loading, prosthetic and implant failures were similar between the two interventions, but complications and peri-implant marginal bone loss were higher and more severe at longer implants placed in vertically augmented mandibles. Larger trials and longer follow-ups up to 10 years after loading are needed to confirm or reject the present preliminary findings. However in the meantime short implants could be the preferable option.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Mandíbula , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Resultado del Tratamiento
8.
Dermatol Ther ; 32(5): e13062, 2019 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415129

RESUMEN

Plasma cell mucositis (PCM) is a rare benign disease affecting adults characterized by an erythematous mucosa, an epithelial hyperplasia, and a dense submucosal infiltration of mainly mature plasma cells. PCM has been treated with topical, intralesional, and systemic corticosteroids, antibiotics, and topical cyclosporin with unreliable results and questionable benefits. Here, we present a case of PCM, refractory to previous treatments, treated with i-PRF (injectable platelet-rich fibrin) injections. The infiltrations were performed once a week for 2 months. There were no adverse reactions to the treatment. The pain gradually reduced until the score of zero at the fourth infiltration, and the patient remained free of pain during the whole study period. Clinically, we did not obtain a complete healing of the lesion, but a reduced perilesional inflammatory infiltrate was observed at a distance. Therefore, we can conclude that i-PRF has been effective in the management of pain in PMC but does not result in complete healing of the disease.


Asunto(s)
Mucositis/patología , Mucositis/terapia , Dimensión del Dolor , Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Corticoesteroides/uso terapéutico , Anciano , Biopsia con Aguja , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Inmunohistoquímica , Inyecciones Intralesiones , Mucosa Bucal/patología , Células Plasmáticas/patología , Retratamiento , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Factores de Tiempo , Insuficiencia del Tratamiento , Resultado del Tratamiento
9.
Implant Dent ; 28(6): 590-602, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274666

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and patient-reported outcomes of ≤6-mm implants with those of ≥10-mm implants placed after both lateral and transcrestal sinus floor elevation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, and Cochrane, a literature search for randomized controlled trials was performed. All the outcome variables were evaluated through a quantitative meta-analysis, and the influence of other clinical covariates were determined with a metaregression. For the survival outcomes, trial sequential analysis (TSA) was performed to adjust results for type I and II errors and to analyze the power of the available evidence. RESULTS: After full-text reading, 12 studies were included in the analyses. No statistically significant difference was found after 3 years between the 2 study groups (P = 0.36). Short implants displayed fewer biological complications (P = 0.05), less marginal bone loss (MBL) from implant placement (P < 0.01), and reduced surgical time and treatment cost. However, long implants showed a statistically significant smaller number of prosthetic complications (P = 0.03). TSA confirmed the results of the meta-analysis, revealing that additional studies are needed due to low statistical power of the available evidence. CONCLUSION: The placement of short implants is a predictable option in treating patients with maxillary atrophy up to a 3-year follow-up. Studies with a longer observational period are needed to study the long-term performance of these implants.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Elevación del Piso del Seno Maxilar , Atrofia , Consenso , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Humanos , Maxilar , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Resultado del Tratamiento
11.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 2908484, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140692

RESUMEN

Novel one-piece implants with concave smooth neck have been introduced to promote the formation of a thick mucosal layer and preserve marginal bone. A retrospective study on 70 patients with 1- to 6-year follow-up was carried out. Cumulative survival rates were assessed. Variations of marginal bone level were measured on periapical radiographs as distance of the implant-abutment junction from the bone crest. Influence of different variables on treatment outcome was evaluated. Cumulative success rate after 6 years was 99.4 % at implant level and 98.6 % at patient level. Marginal bone level changed in a significant way over time. After 4 months, an increase of radiographic bone level of 0.173 ± 1.088 mm at implant level and 0.18 ± 1.019 mm at patient level was recorded. Mean marginal bone loss after 5 years was 0.573 ± 0.966 mm at implant level and 0.783 ± 1.213 mm at patient level. Age, sex, smoking habits, implant sites, implant lengths and diameters, prosthetic retentions, and timing of loading did not influence marginal bone remodeling in a statistically significant way. At 4-year follow-up partial restorations lost a mean of 0.96 mm of more marginal bone compared with single restorations. This difference was statistically significant.


Asunto(s)
Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Adulto , Anciano , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 8143962, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29984249

RESUMEN

Background: Considerations about heat generation, wear, and corrosion due to some macrostructural bur components (e.g., cutting lips, rake angle, flute, and helix angle) have been widely reported. However, little is known about how the microstructural components of the implant drill surface can influence the implant drill lifetime and clinical performance. Aim: To investigate accurately the surface morphology of surgical bone drill, by means of multivariate and multidimensional statistical analysis, in order to assess roughness parameters able to predict the evolution of tribological phenomena linked to heat development, wear, and corrosion occurring in clinical use. Materials and Methods: The surfaces of implant drills approximately 2.0mm in diameter made by five manufacturers were examined by means of confocal microscope with white light laser interferometry, obtaining several surface roughness parameters. Statistical multivariate analysis based on discriminant analysis showed, for each cut-off, the parameters which discriminate the manufacturers. Results: The microstructural parameters used by discriminant analysis evidenced several differences in terms of drill surface roughness between the five manufacturers. Conclusions: The observed surface roughness difference of drills is able to predict a different durability and clinical performance especially in heat generation and wear onset.


Asunto(s)
Implantación Dental Endoósea , Implantes Dentales , Osteotomía , Huesos , Calor
13.
Clin Oral Investig ; 21(6): 1913-1927, 2017 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28551729

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Research across many fields of medicine now points towards the clinical advantages of combining regenerative procedures with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). This systematic review aimed to gather the extensive number of articles published to date on PRF in the dental field to better understand the clinical procedures where PRF may be utilized to enhance tissue/bone formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Manuscripts were searched systematically until May 2016 and separated into the following categories: intrabony and furcation defect regeneration, extraction socket management, sinus lifting procedures, gingival recession treatment, and guided bone regeneration (GBR) including horizontal/vertical bone augmentation procedures. Only human randomized clinical trials were included for assessment. RESULTS: In total, 35 articles were selected and divided accordingly (kappa = 0.94). Overall, the use of PRF has been most investigated in periodontology for the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects and gingival recessions where the majority of studies have demonstrated favorable results in soft tissue management and repair. Little to no randomized clinical trials were found for extraction socket management although PRF has been shown to significantly decrease by tenfold dry sockets of third molars. Very little to no data was available directly investigating the effects of PRF on new bone formation in GBR, horizontal/vertical bone augmentation procedures, treatment of peri-implantitis, and sinus lifting procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Much investigation now supports the use of PRF for periodontal and soft tissue repair. Despite this, there remains a lack of well-conducted studies demonstrating convincingly the role of PRF during hard tissue bone regeneration. Future human randomized clinical studies evaluating the use of PRF on bone formation thus remain necessary. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: PRF was shown to improve soft tissue generation and limit dimensional changes post-extraction, with little available data to date supporting its use in GBR.


Asunto(s)
Regeneración Ósea , Regeneración Tisular Guiada Periodontal , Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Humanos
15.
Implant Dent ; 26(5): 790-795, 2017 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28445234

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This article describes the digitoclastic technique, an innovative procedure for coronal displacement of the lingual flap. The new technique has the potential to obtain primary flap closure without surgical risks to the anatomical structures on the lingual side of the mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reconstruction of an atrophic mandible with guided tissue regeneration (guided bone regeneration) and implant placement is described, using the digitoclastic technique to displace the lingual flap coronally. RESULTS: Coronal flap displacement was sufficient to obtain complete passive coverage of the grafted area. No bleeding or neurosensory complications were recorded, and no membrane exposure occurred. CONCLUSIONS: The digitoclastic technique reduces the risk of damage to the lingual nerve and minimizes the amount of bleeding during surgery, allowing progressive and controlled retraction of the flap until the desired detachment is achieved.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar/métodos , Mandíbula/cirugía , Colgajos Quirúrgicos/cirugía , Lengua/cirugía , Regeneración Tisular Dirigida/métodos , Humanos
16.
Quintessence Int ; 48(4): 315-324, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28294200

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate implant survival rate and to measure peri-implant bone changes in full-arch rehabilitations with immediate placement and immediate loading implants with platform switching and Morse taper connection, in addition to platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and buccal bone augmentation, after 4 years of follow-up. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In this retrospective controlled study, patients who had been fully rehabilitated with immediate placement and immediate loading implants were evaluated 4 years post-loading. Implants with platform switching and Morse taper connections were used (In-Kone Universal System, Global D) and PRF and buccal bone augmentation were applied. The radiographic bone loss was calculated by subtracting the bone level at baseline (BLT0) from that at the 4-year follow-up (BLT4) in immediate and delayed implants. Measurements were made at the distal, mesial, vestibular, and oral sites of the implants and the deepest value was recorded. Implants placed in extraction sites and implants placed in healed sites were considered. A comparison between the groups was performed using the Mann-Whitney test. The implant survival rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: In total, 42 patients (28 females and 14 males; average age 55.8 years old, age range 45 to 77) were recruited to this study. A total of 334 implants were put in place (226 in the maxilla, 108 in the mandible). The implant survival rate was 97.8% for the maxilla and 98.1% for the mandible, 98.3% for immediate implants and 96.9% for delayed implants. No statistically significant differences (P > .05) in the mean radiographic bone loss (mBL) were observed when comparing the immediate and delayed implants and the anterior and posterior implants. Statistically significant differences were found in the mBL between the mandibular and maxilla implants in the vestibular (P = .01) and mesial (P = .001) sites. CONCLUSION: Within their limits, the present results suggest that rehabilitation with platform switching and taper connection implants, in addition to buccal bone augmentation and the use of PRF, can lead to predictable results.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Carga Inmediata del Implante Dental/métodos , Arcada Edéntula/rehabilitación , Anciano , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/cirugía , Diseño de Implante Dental-Pilar , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Fibrina Rica en Plaquetas , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2016: 7374129, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27517046

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of techniques for soft tissue augmentation in the placement of immediate implants with and without provisionalization and to assess the quality of the reports in the literature. Randomized clinical trials, prospective clinical trials, and case series were included in this review. Clinical questions were formulated and organised according to the PICOS strategy. An electronic search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, and ISI Web up until June 2016. Interexaminer agreement on eligibility (k = 0.842; p = 0.103) and quality (k = 0.933; p < 0.001) was high. Methodological approaches were assessed using criteria based on design related forms designed by the Dutch Cochrane Collaboration. Finally, 14 papers were identified. In two studies, the implant survival was 90%; for the rest of the studies it was 100%. All studies reported favourable aesthetic, biological, and radiographic outcomes. Surgical and biomechanical complications of this technique were not relevant. This technique effectively compensates for the expected loss of volume of the oral soft tissues and maintains high success rates with good aesthetic results over time.


Asunto(s)
Implantación Dental/métodos , Encía/cirugía , Ensayos Clínicos como Asunto , Implantes Dentales , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Técnicas de Sutura
20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2016: 8175284, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27294136

RESUMEN

The aim of this retrospective radiological study was to evaluate the variability of the mandibular anatomy in the presence and absence of teeth and to consider how it could influence implant planning. 187 mandibular CT DentaScans were selected from our department archive according to the inclusion criteria. The axial height, vertical height, angulation of the bone crest, and the bone available for ideal implant placement were measured. The analysis of the data shows that the mandible contour presents a constant degree of angulation. The variation of angulation in the absence of teeth was statistically significant only in the region between the canine and the first premolar and in that between the second premolar and the first molar. The difference between the crest height and the available distance to place the implant was greater in the region of the second molar while in the other regions the implant planning was made complex by postextraction resorption. Alveolar bone resorption after tooth loss can be considered as a risk factor for lingual cortical perforation during the insertion of an implant. To avoid potential intra/postoperative complications, 3D radiographic examination is recommended in order to study the mandibular anatomy and identify the risk areas.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagen , Planificación de la Radioterapia Asistida por Computador , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Diente/diagnóstico por imagen , Adulto Joven
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