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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(6): 067701, 2020 Feb 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109120

RESUMEN

Spins in silicon quantum devices are promising candidates for large-scale quantum computing. Gate-based sensing of spin qubits offers a compact and scalable readout with high fidelity, however, further improvements in sensitivity are required to meet the fidelity thresholds and measurement timescales needed for the implementation of fast feedback in error correction protocols. Here, we combine radio-frequency gate-based sensing at 622 MHz with a Josephson parametric amplifier, that operates in the 500-800 MHz band, to reduce the integration time required to read the state of a silicon double quantum dot formed in a nanowire transistor. Based on our achieved signal-to-noise ratio, we estimate that singlet-triplet single-shot readout with an average fidelity of 99.7% could be performed in 1 µs, well below the requirements for fault-tolerant readout and 30 times faster than without the Josephson parametric amplifier. Additionally, the Josephson parametric amplifier allows operation at a lower radio-frequency power while maintaining identical signal-to-noise ratio. We determine a noise temperature of 200 mK with a contribution from the Josephson parametric amplifier (25%), cryogenic amplifier (25%) and the resonator (50%), showing routes to further increase the readout speed.

2.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 46(12): 1656-1663, 2017 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28774693

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to compare the anatomical differences in the skull base between the affected and non-affected side in patients with craniofacial microsomia (CFM), and to compare the affected and non-affected sides with measurements from a normal population. Three-dimensional computed tomography scans of 13 patients with unilateral CFM and 19 normal patients (age range 7-12 years) were marked manually with reliable homologous landmarks. Principal component analysis (PCA), as part of a point distribution model (PDM), was used to analyse the variability within the normal and preoperative CFM patient groups. Through analysis of the differences in the principal components calculated for the two groups, a model was created to describe the differences between CFM patients and normal age-matched controls. The PDMs were also used to describe the shape changes in the skull base between the cohorts and validated this model. Using thin-plate splines as a means of interpolation, videos were created to visualize the transformation from CFM skull to normal skull, and to display the variability in shape changes within the groups themselves. In CFM cases, the skull base showed significant asymmetry. Anatomical areas around the glenoid fossa and mastoid process showed the most asymmetry and restriction of growth, suggesting a pathology involving the first and second pharyngeal arches.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Goldenhar/diagnóstico por imagen , Análisis de Componente Principal , Base del Cráneo/diagnóstico por imagen , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Puntos Anatómicos de Referencia , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
4.
Cell Transplant ; 16(3): 207-28, 2007.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17503734

RESUMEN

Schwann cell (SC) implantation alone has been shown to promote the growth of propriospinal and sensory axons, but not long-tract descending axons, after thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI). In the current study, we examined if an axotomy close to the cell body of origin (so as to enhance the intrinsic growth response) could permit supraspinal axons to grow onto SC grafts. Adult female Fischer rats received a severe (C5) cervical contusion (1.1 mm displacement, 3 KDyn). At 1 week postinjury, 2 million SCs ex vivo transduced with lentiviral vector encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were implanted within media into the injury epicenter; injury-only animals served as controls. Animals were tested weekly using the BBB score for 7 weeks postimplantation and received at end point tests for upper body strength: self-supported forelimb hanging, forearm grip force, and the incline plane. Following behavioral assessment, animals were anterogradely traced bilaterally from the reticular formation using BDA-Texas Red. Stereological quantification revealed a twofold increase in the numbers of preserved NeuN+ neurons rostral and caudal to the injury/graft site in SC implanted animals, corroborating previous reports of their neuroprotective efficacy. Examination of labeled reticulospinal axon growth revealed that while rarely an axon was present within the lesion site of injury-only controls, numerous reticulospinal axons had penetrated the SC implant/lesion milieu. This has not been observed following implantation of SCs alone into the injured thoracic spinal cord. Significant behavioral improvements over injury-only controls in upper limb strength, including an enhanced grip strength (a 296% increase) and an increased self-supported forelimb hanging, accompanied SC-mediated neuroprotection and reticulospinal axon growth. The current study further supports the neuroprotective efficacy of SC implants after SCI and demonstrates that SCs alone are capable of supporting modest supraspinal axon growth when the site of axon injury is closer to the cell body of the axotomized neuron.


Asunto(s)
Axones/fisiología , Vías Eferentes/fisiología , Miembro Anterior/fisiología , Fuerza Muscular/fisiología , Células de Schwann/trasplante , Compresión de la Médula Espinal , Animales , Axotomía , Conducta Animal/fisiología , Células Cultivadas , Femenino , Proteínas Fluorescentes Verdes/genética , Proteínas Fluorescentes Verdes/metabolismo , Fuerza de la Mano , Ratas , Ratas Endogámicas F344 , Células de Schwann/citología , Células de Schwann/fisiología , Médula Espinal/citología , Médula Espinal/metabolismo , Médula Espinal/patología , Compresión de la Médula Espinal/patología , Compresión de la Médula Espinal/terapia
5.
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform ; 27(5): 1163-84, 2001 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11642701

RESUMEN

Rhythmically bouncing a ball with a racket was investigated and modeled with a nonlinear map. Model analyses provided a variable defining a dynamically stable solution that obviates computationally expensive corrections. Three experiments evaluated whether dynamic stability is optimized and what perceptual support is necessary for stable behavior. Two hypotheses were tested: (a) Performance is stable if racket acceleration is negative at impact, and (b) variability is lowest at an impact acceleration between -4 and -1 m/s2. In Experiment 1 participants performed the task, eyes open or closed, bouncing a ball confined to a 1-dimensional trajectory. Experiment 2 eliminated constraints on racket and ball trajectory. Experiment 3 excluded visual or haptic information. Movements were performed with negative racket accelerations in the range of highest stability. Performance with eyes closed was more variable, leaving acceleration unaffected. With haptic information, performance was more stable than with visual information alone.


Asunto(s)
Percepción de Movimiento , Adulto , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , Dinámicas no Lineales , Periodicidad , Distribución Aleatoria , Tenis , Percepción Visual
6.
Neural Netw ; 14(3): 345-54, 2001 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11341570

RESUMEN

Labeled Graph Matching (LGM) has been shown successful in numerous object vision tasks. This method is the basis for arguably the best face recognition system in the world. We present an algorithm for visual pattern recognition that is an extension of LGM ('LGM+'). We compare the performance of LGM and LGM+ algorithms with a state of the art statistical method based on Mutual Information Maximization (MIM). We present an adaptation of the MIM method for multi-dimensional Gabor wavelet features. The three pattern recognition methods were evaluated on an object detection task, using a set of stimuli on which none of the methods had been tested previously. The results indicate that while the performance of the MIM method operating upon Gabor wavelets is superior to the same method operating on pixels and to LGM, it is surpassed by LGM+. LGM+ offers a significant improvement in performance over LGM without losing LGM' s virtues of simplicity, biological plausibility, and a computational cost that is 2-3 orders of magnitude lower than that of the MIM algorithm.


Asunto(s)
Procesamiento Automatizado de Datos , Reconocimiento de Normas Patrones Automatizadas , Algoritmos , Procesamiento de Imagen Asistido por Computador
7.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 63(1 Pt 1): 011902, 2001 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11304282

RESUMEN

On the basis of a modified bouncing-ball model, we investigated whether human movements utilize principles of dynamic stability in their performance of a similar movement task. Stability analyses of the model provided predictions about conditions indicative of a dynamically stable period-one regime. In a series of experiments, human subjects bounced a ball rhythmically on a racket and displayed these conditions supporting that they attuned to and exploited the dynamic stability properties of the task.


Asunto(s)
Movimiento , Física , Algoritmos , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Modelos Estadísticos , Modelos Teóricos , Fenómenos Físicos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Tenis , Factores de Tiempo
8.
Neural Netw ; 14(2): 201-16, 2001 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11316234

RESUMEN

Oculomotor control in a humanoid robot faces similar problems as biological oculomotor systems, i.e. the stabilization of gaze in face of unknown perturbations of the body, selective attention, stereo vision, and dealing with large information processing delays. Given the nonlinearities of the geometry of binocular vision as well as the possible nonlinearities of the oculomotor plant, it is desirable to accomplish accurate control of these behaviors through learning approaches. This paper develops a learning control system for the phylogenetically oldest behaviors of oculomotor control, the stabilization reflexes of gaze. In a step-wise procedure, we demonstrate how control theoretic reasonable choices of control components result in an oculomotor control system that resembles the known functional anatomy of the primate oculomotor system. The core of the learning system is derived from the biologically inspired principle of feedback-error learning combined with a state-of-the-art non-parametric statistical learning network. With this circuitry, we demonstrate that our humanoid robot is able to acquire high performance visual stabilization reflexes after about 40 s of learning despite significant nonlinearities and processing delays in the system.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje , Modelos Biológicos , Redes Neurales de la Computación , Nistagmo Optoquinético , Reflejo Vestibuloocular , Robótica/métodos , Biorretroalimentación Psicológica/fisiología , Movimientos de la Cabeza/fisiología , Aprendizaje/fisiología , Nistagmo Optoquinético/fisiología , Reflejo Vestibuloocular/fisiología
9.
Exp Brain Res ; 136(1): 60-72, 2001 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11204414

RESUMEN

The 2/3 power law, the nonlinear relationship between tangential velocity and radius of curvature of the end-effector trajectory, is thought to be a fundamental constraint of the central nervous system in the formation of rhythmic endpoint trajectories. However, studies on the 2/3 power law have been confined largely to planar drawing patterns of relatively small size. With the hypothesis that this strategy overlooks nonlinear effects that are constitutive in movement generation, the present experiments tested the validity of the power law in elliptical patterns that were not confined to a planar surface and which were performed by the unconstrained 7-degrees of freedom (DOF) arm, with significant variations in pattern size and workspace orientation. Data were recorded from five human subjects where the seven joint angles and the endpoint trajectories were analyzed. Additionally, an anthropomorphic 7-DOF robot arm served as a "control subject" whose endpoint trajectories were generated on the basis of the human joint angle data, modeled as simple harmonic oscillations. Analyses of the endpoint trajectories demonstrate that the power law is systematically violated with increasing pattern size, in both exponent and the goodness of fit. The origins of these violations can be explained analytically based on smooth, rhythmic trajectory formation and the kinematic structure of the human arm. We conclude that, in unconstrained rhythmic movements, the power law seems to be a by-product of a movement system that favors smooth trajectories, and that it is unlikely to serve as a primary movement-generating principle. Our data rather suggest that subjects employed smooth oscillatory pattern generators in joint space to realize the required movement patterns.


Asunto(s)
Brazo/fisiología , Modelos Biológicos , Movimiento/fisiología , Desempeño Psicomotor/fisiología , Adulto , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Trends Cogn Sci ; 3(6): 233-242, 1999 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10354577

RESUMEN

This review investigates two recent developments in artificial intelligence and neural computation: learning from imitation and the development of humanoid robots. It is postulated that the study of imitation learning offers a promising route to gain new insights into mechanisms of perceptual motor control that could ultimately lead to the creation of autonomous humanoid robots. Imitation learning focuses on three important issues: efficient motor learning, the connection between action and perception, and modular motor control in the form of movement primitives. It is reviewed here how research on representations of, and functional connections between, action and perception have contributed to our understanding of motor acts of other beings. The recent discovery that some areas in the primate brain are active during both movement perception and execution has provided a hypothetical neural basis of imitation. Computational approaches to imitation learning are also described, initially from the perspective of traditional AI and robotics, but also from the perspective of neural network models and statistical-learning research. Parallels and differences between biological and computational approaches to imitation are highlighted and an overview of current projects that actually employ imitation learning for humanoid robots is given.

11.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 22(3): 437-41, 1999 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10192852

RESUMEN

At present the only method for measuring the high voltage system lead impedance in patients with an ICD is to deliver a low energy test shock. This is painful, requires sedation, and carries a risk of ventricular fibrillation induction. We sought to assess the shock lead and electrode function by calculating IMP using low voltage pacing pulses, and compared it to the measured impedance of a shock through the same lead. This was performed in both an intact and a modified lead system in order to mimic common clinical scenarios that alter lead system IMP (e.g., lead fracture). In an anesthesized canine model (n = 12) a standard (S) transvenous defibrillation lead (TDL), a modified (M) TDL (two-thirds of coil covered with heat-shrunk tubing), an active can (AC), and a M epicardial patch (EP) (two of four coils were disconnected) were used. Three configurations (C) were tested: C1:S/TDL-->AC, C2:M/TDL-->AC, and C3:M/TDL-->MEP. A measured IMP was obtained by an ICD using a 5-J shock as control. IMP was calculated using a 5-J shock, pacing pulses of 10-, 5-, 2-, and 1-V amplitude, as well as from a square wave drive train of low amplitude/high frequency signals (1 and 0.2 V, at 10 kHz) in all Cs. Ohm's law (V = IR) was utilized for measuring calculated IMP. As the surface area of the high voltage lead system decreased, the mean measured IMP (control) increased from C 1 to 3 (63 +/- 10, 95 +/- 4, and 127 +/- 20 omega, respectively). The correlation of calculated IMP from all Cs to measured impedance (control) remained high throughout the IMP range (range of correlation coefficient (r): 0.921-0.981). Calculated IMP using delivery of pacing pulses is highly correlated to IMP measured during shock delivery. This correlation remains high over a clinically significant range of high voltage lead system IMP changes. This study suggests that pacing pulses can be used to predict the IMP changes in the high voltage lead system which may occur clinically, reducing the need to deliver a shock for IMP measurement.


Asunto(s)
Desfibriladores Implantables , Animales , Estimulación Cardíaca Artificial , Perros , Impedancia Eléctrica , Electrochoque , Falla de Equipo
12.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 22(1 Pt 2): 233-7, 1999 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9990637

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite using different electrode positions, "conventional" external DC cardioversion in patients with atrial fibrillation is ineffective in 6%-50% of cases. An alternative when DC cardioversion is not successful is low energy internal cardioversion, which is performed at increased risk. We tested the hypothesis that optimization of electrode pad position under fluoroscopy to encompass as much atrial muscle as possible might improve the success rate of external cardioversion and thus minimize the need for internal cardioversion. METHODS: Fifteen (9 males, 6 females) patients (age: 54 +/- 15 years, weight: 124 +/- 35 kg) with chronic atrial fibrillation (> 8 weeks) who had undergone unsuccessful conventional external cardioversion entered the study. Repeat conventional external cardioversion with electrodes in standard (right anterior and left posterior) positions was followed by "optimized" external cardioversion by positioning electrodes under fluoroscopy (using metallic markers). In case of failure, internal cardioversion was performed. RESULTS: All 15 patients had undergone unsuccessful conventional external cardioversion with 360-J shocks. Eight patients (group A) reverted to sinus rhythm with one or two 360-J shocks using fluoroscopy-guided pad placement (53%). Six of the remaining 7 (86%) patients (group B) had successful internal cardioversion with biphasic shocks (12 +/- 3 J). The body weight and body mass index were statistically lower in group A vs group B (106 +/- 27 vs 145 +/- 33 kg, p = 0.03 and 35 +/- 8 vs 45 +/- 8 kg/m2, P = 0.48, respectively). There was no statistically significant in age, height, body surface area, duration of atrial fibrillation, amiodarone therapy, ejection fraction, or underlying heart disease. CONCLUSION: Unsuccessful external DC cardioversion, in some patients, is in part due to suboptimal conventional positioning of electrode pads that can be improved under fluoroscopic guidance by achieving the best possible vector encompassing the right and left atria. The optimized external cardioversion technique may minimize the need for internal cardioversion, which remains an effective approach when external cardioversion fails.


Asunto(s)
Fibrilación Atrial/terapia , Desfibriladores Implantables , Cardioversión Eléctrica/métodos , Atrios Cardíacos/diagnóstico por imagen , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Amiodarona/uso terapéutico , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapéutico , Fibrilación Atrial/diagnóstico por imagen , Fibrilación Atrial/fisiopatología , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Femenino , Fluoroscopía , Estudios de Seguimiento , Atrios Cardíacos/fisiopatología , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo , Volumen Sistólico , Resultado del Tratamiento
13.
Exp Brain Res ; 124(1): 118-36, 1999 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9928796

RESUMEN

While it is generally assumed that complex movements consist of a sequence of simpler units, the quest to define these units of action, or movement primitives, remains an open question. In this context, two hypotheses of movement segmentation of endpoint trajectories in three-dimensional human drawing movements are reexamined: (1) the stroke-based segmentation hypothesis based on the results that the proportionality coefficient of the two-thirds power law changes discontinuously with each new "stroke," and (2) the segmentation hypothesis inferred from the observation of piecewise planar endpoint trajectories of three-dimensional drawing movements. In two experiments human subjects performed a set of elliptical and figure eight patterns of different sizes and orientations using their whole arm in three dimensions. The kinematic characteristics of the endpoint trajectories and the seven joint angles of the arm were analyzed. While the endpoint trajectories produced similar segmentation features to those reported in the literature, analyses of the joint angles show no obvious segmentation but rather continuous oscillatory patterns. By approximating the joint angle data of human subjects with sinusoidal trajectories, and by implementing this model on a 7-degree-of-freedom (DOF) anthropomorphic robot arm, it is shown that such a continuous movement strategy can produce exactly the same features as observed by the above segmentation hypotheses. The origin of this apparent segmentation of endpoint trajectories is traced back to the nonlinear transformations of the forward kinematics of human arms. The presented results demonstrate that principles of discrete movement generation may not be reconciled with those of rhythmic movement as easily as has been previously suggested, while the generalization of nonlinear pattern generators to arm movements can offer an interesting alternative to approach the question of units of action.


Asunto(s)
Brazo/fisiología , Modelos Biológicos , Movimiento/fisiología , Robótica , Adulto , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Articulación del Codo/fisiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
15.
Neural Comput ; 10(8): 2047-84, 1998 Nov 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9804671

RESUMEN

We introduce a constructive, incremental learning system for regression problems that models data by means of spatially localized linear models. In contrast to other approaches, the size and shape of the receptive field of each locally linear model, as well as the parameters of the locally linear model itself, are learned independently, that is, without the need for competition or any other kind of communication. Independent learning is accomplished by incrementally minimizing a weighted local cross-validation error. As a result, we obtain a learning system that can allocate resources as needed while dealing with the bias-variance dilemma in a principled way. The spatial localization of the linear models increases robustness toward negative interference. Our learning system can be interpreted as a nonparametric adaptive bandwidth smoother, as a mixture of experts where the experts are trained in isolation, and as a learning system that profits from combining independent expert knowledge on the same problem. This article illustrates the potential learning capabilities of purely local learning and offers an interesting and powerful approach to learning with receptive fields.

17.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 21(8): 1589-94, 1998 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9725158

RESUMEN

Antegrade activation of the His-Purkinje system (HPS) results in synchronized activation of the right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) endocardia forming normal, narrow QRS duration (QRSD). An alteration in septal activation and transseptal conduction time have been reported to be the causes for QRSD widening seen with bundle branch block. However, reduced synchronization of activation of RV and LV endocardia as another potential mechanism for QRSD widening has not been systematically studied. Fifteen consecutive patients underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for treatment of supraventricular tachycardia. After RFA, mean QRSD in normal sinus rhythm was 86 +/- 8 ms with mean HV interval of 40 +/- 5 ms. Right atrial (RA), coronary sinus (CS), simultaneous (S) RA-CS, RV apex (RVA), LV apex (LVA), and SRVA-LVA pacing were performed. Mean QRSD with RA, CS, SRA-CS pacing was similar to normal sinus rhythm (87 +/- 7, 87 +/- 8 and 88 +/- 8 ms respectively). Mean QRSD was significantly longer with SRVA-LVA and either RVA or LVA pacing alone compared to normal sinus rhythm (106 +/- 8, 146 +/- 12 and 157 +/- 13 ms, respectively). However, QRSD was significantly shorter with SRVA-LVA pacing compared to either RVA or LVA pacing alone (P < 0.0001). We conclude that shorter QRSD with SRVA-LVA pacing compared to either RVA or LVA pacing alone is due to elimination of transseptal conduction delay; longer QRSD with SRVA-LVA pacing compared to sinus or atrial paced rhythm is due to reduced synchronization of endocardial activation secondary to ectopic entry of impulses into the HPS network and inability to take advantage of the branching structure of the HPS. Therefore, in addition to transseptal conduction delay, reduced synchronization of endocardial activation is another potential mechanism for QRSD widening.


Asunto(s)
Electrocardiografía , Ventrículos Cardíacos/fisiopatología , Ramos Subendocárdicos/fisiopatología , Adolescente , Adulto , Bloqueo de Rama/complicaciones , Bloqueo de Rama/fisiopatología , Bloqueo de Rama/terapia , Estimulación Cardíaca Artificial , Ablación por Catéter , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Atrios Cardíacos/fisiopatología , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ramos Subendocárdicos/cirugía , Taquicardia Supraventricular/complicaciones , Taquicardia Supraventricular/fisiopatología , Taquicardia Supraventricular/cirugía
18.
JAMA ; 278(8): 659-62, 1997 Aug 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9272898

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: Early studies suggested that gastric acidity declines as people age. However, sequelae of achlorhydria are uncommon in older people, making this conventional wisdom unlikely. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of basal gastric acidity and atrophic gastritis (indicated by serum pepsinogen ratio) in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in a volunteer sample. SETTING: Retirement communities in suburbs of Kansas City, Mo. SUBJECTS: A total of 248 white male and female volunteers aged 65 years or older living independently. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Presence of basal unstimulated gastric acid was evaluated noninvasively by having subjects swallow quininium resin. Gastric acid with a pH lower than 3.5 releases quinine, which is then absorbed and excreted into urine. Atrophic gastritis was defined as a ratio of serum pepsinogen I/pepsinogen II of less than 2.9. RESULTS: Basal unstimulated gastric content was acidic (pH <3.5) in 208 (84%) of 248 elderly subjects. On retesting 66 subjects (35 normals and 31 hyposecretors), 28 (80%) of 35 had pH less than 3.5 both times, and 22 (71%) of 31 had pH of 3.5 or higher twice; in the remaining 16 subjects, low vs high gastric pH changed between tests. Weighted population prevalence estimates in this sample were 67% for consistent acid secretion, 22% for intermittent secretion, and 11% for consistent gastric pH higher than 3.5. Whereas 14 (67%) of 21 consistent hyposecretors had serum pepsinogen ratios of less than 2.9, indicating atrophic gastritis, only 2 (5%) of 44 consistent or intermittent secretors of acid had ratios in this range (P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to what is commonly stated, nearly 90% of elderly people in this study were able to acidify gastric contents, even in the basal, unstimulated state. Of those who were consistent hyposecretors of acid, most had serum markers of atrophic gastritis.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento/fisiología , Ácido Gástrico/metabolismo , Gastritis Atrófica/epidemiología , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Gastritis Atrófica/sangre , Humanos , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Masculino , Pepsinógenos/sangre , Prevalencia
19.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 20(7): 1885-6, 1997 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9249849

RESUMEN

A patient with an ICD accidentally grasped a power line and was electrocuted. He was unable to release the cable during electrocution though he remained conscious. After receiving a shock from his ICD, the powerline was released. ICD interrogation revealed inappropriate detection of alternating current and delivery of a shock.


Asunto(s)
Desfibriladores Implantables , Traumatismos por Electricidad/fisiopatología , Estado de Conciencia , Impedancia Eléctrica , Electrocardiografía , Fenómenos Electromagnéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Procesamiento de Señales Asistido por Computador , Fibrilación Ventricular/terapia
20.
Am J Cardiol ; 79(11): 1541-3, 1997 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9185652

RESUMEN

Patients with an equivocal signal averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) had less heart disease and better prognosis than patients with overtly abnormal SAECGs. An equivocal SAECG should not prompt further invasive diagnostic testing for ventricular tachycardia unless other clinical risk factors are present.


Asunto(s)
Electrocardiografía , Sistema de Conducción Cardíaco/fisiopatología , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Disfunción Ventricular/diagnóstico , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Procesamiento de Señales Asistido por Computador , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatología , Disfunción Ventricular/fisiopatología
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