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1.
BMJ Open ; 14(2): e083806, 2024 Feb 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346888

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Infection prevention and control (IPC) teams are routinely confronted with intense emotions in their daily work, as they are involved in many change processes with front-line medical staff, for example, when promoting compliance with basic IPC measures. In addition, they are confronted with challenges due to their role as intermediaries. Based on former research, this study aims to empower IPC teams to promote clinicians' compliance through interventions focusing on the IPC teams' leadership skills. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The IP-POWER study (Infection Prevention with head and heart: Psychological empowerment of IPC teams), a multicentre, two-arm, non-blinded, cluster-randomised controlled trial with a parallel waiting control group, is planned to be conducted in Germany as of February to November 2024. A group of 10 voluntary hospitals is going to participate in a multistage intervention programme, including 2 days of intense psychological training; 5 hospitals will be randomly assigned to the waiting control group. After the workshops, there will be a 12-week follow-up period during which the contents learnt within the workshops can be applied and internalised into IPC practice. The proposed outcomes (both self-assessed and other-assessed leadership competencies of IPC team members and their task profiles, perceived workload, motivation to act in order to implement IP measures and goal attainment) are going to be collected with an online questionnaire, followed by an analysis with IBM SPSS (Statistics 29 (or later)) using descriptive analyses and multiple linear regressions. Additionally, as external data sources, hand hygiene compliance rates from the study hospitals' monitoring systems will be analysed using χ² tests. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was reviewed and approved by the ethics committee of the University of Leipzig (184/23-ek; vote from 4 July 2023). Findings will be disseminated via peer-review publications, and national and international conference presentations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00031879.


Asunto(s)
Higiene de las Manos , Liderazgo , Humanos , Motivación , Control de Infecciones , Empoderamiento , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto
2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 23(1): 126, 2023 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36859254

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The surveillance of hospital-acquired infections in Germany is usually conducted via manual chart review; this, however, proves resource intensive and is prone to a certain degree of subjectivity. Documentation based on electronic routine data may present an alternative to manual methods. We compared the data derived via manual chart review to that which was derived from electronic routine data. METHODS: Data used for the analyses was obtained from five of the University of Leipzig Medical Center's (ULMC) ICUs. Clinical data was collected according to the Protection against Infection Act (IfSG); documentation thereof was carried out in hospital information systems (HIS) as well as in the ICU-KISS module provided by the National Reference Center for the Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections (NRZ). Algorithmically derived data was generated via an algorithm developed in the EFFECT study; ward-movement data was linked with microbiological test results, generating a data set that allows for evaluation as to whether or not an infection was ICU-acquired. RESULTS: Approximately 75% of MDRO cases and 85% of cases of sepsis/primary bacteremia were classified as ICU-acquired by both manual chart review and EFFECT. Most discrepancies between the manual and algorithmic approaches were due to differentiating definitions regarding the patients' time at risk for acquiring MDRO/bacteremia. CONCLUSIONS: The concordance between manual chart review and algorithmically generated data was considerable. This study shows that hospital infection surveillance based on electronically generated routine data may be a worthwhile and sustainable alternative to manual chart review.


Asunto(s)
Bacteriemia , Infección Hospitalaria , Humanos , Algoritmos , Electrónica , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos
3.
Front Health Serv ; 2: 960854, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36925806

RESUMEN

Implementation interventions in infection prevention and control (IPC) differ by recipients. The two target groups are healthcare workers directly involved in patient care ("frontline") and IPC professionals as proxy agents, that is, implementation support practitioners. While both types of implementation interventions aim to promote compliance with clinical interventions to prevent healthcare-associated infections (HAI), their tailoring may be vastly different, for example, due to different behavioural outcomes. Additionally, IPC teams, as recipients of empowering tailored interventions, are under-researched. To overcome this gap and improve conceptual clarity, we proposed a cascadic logic model for tailored IPC interventions (IPC-CASCADE). In the model, we distinguished between interventions by IPC professionals targeting clinicians and those targeting IPC professionals (first- and second-order implementation interventions, respectively). Tailoring implies selecting behaviour change techniques matched to prospectively-assessed determinants of either clinician compliance (in first-order interventions) or interventions by IPC professionals for frontline workers (in second-order interventions). This interventional cascade is embedded in the prevailing healthcare system. IPC-CASCADE is horizontally structured over time and vertically structured by hierarchy or leadership roles. IPC-CASCADE aims to highlight the potential of increasing the impact of tailored interventions by IPC professionals for clinicians (to improve their compliance) via tailored interventions for IPC professionals (to improve their work as proxy agents). It underlines the links that IPC professionals define between macro contexts (healthcare and hospitals) and frontline workers in HAI prevention. It is specific, i.e., "tailored" to IPC, and expected to assist implementation science to better conceptualise tailoring.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16729, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464902

RESUMEN

Caustic ingestion in adults is a rare but potentially life-threatening problem. It remains controversial whether endoscopic findings and mortality differ between acid and alkali ingestion. We compared ingestion of these agents and evaluated prediction parameters for survival and complications.Adult patients who presented with caustic ingestion were analyzed from 2005 to 2016. Mucosal injury was graded endoscopically by Zargar's score. Age, gender, intent of ingestion, caustic agents, comorbidities, management, complications, and mortality were examined.Thirty-one patients met inclusion criteria and were divided into acid (n = 10) and alkali group (n = 21). Ingestion of alkali resulted in higher grades (≥III) of esophageal (56% vs 24%, P = .01) and stomach injuries (43% vs 13%, P = .05) and was mostly done with suicidal intent (76% vs 30%, P = .003). Patients in the alkali group received more often surgical interventions, mechanical ventilation and tracheotomy. Overall complications including Zargar's-score ≥ grade III, mediastinitis, and aspiration pneumonia were higher in alkali group but all showed no statistical significance (P = .73). Mortality (acid: 1 (10%), alkali: 4 (19%), P = .52), age, gender, comorbidities, and intensive care management did not differ significantly between the groups. Chronic renal failure and mediastinitis were promising prediction parameters for mortality but did not reach statistical significance. No independent risk factors for the development of esophageal stenosis were identified.Alkaline agents caused a higher mucosal injury severity and were more often used in suicidal intent. Mediastinitis and chronic renal failure might be potential prediction parameters for survival but need to be evaluated in larger studies.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras Químicas/complicaciones , Cáusticos/toxicidad , Estenosis Esofágica/diagnóstico , Fallo Renal Crónico/diagnóstico , Mediastinitis/diagnóstico , Estómago/lesiones , Ácidos/toxicidad , Adulto , Anciano , Álcalis/toxicidad , Quemaduras Químicas/diagnóstico , Endoscopía del Sistema Digestivo , Estenosis Esofágica/inducido químicamente , Femenino , Humanos , Fallo Renal Crónico/inducido químicamente , Masculino , Mediastinitis/inducido químicamente , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estómago/patología , Intento de Suicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Análisis de Supervivencia
5.
Endoscopy ; 51(7): 684-688, 2019 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986867

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic full-thickness transoral outlet reduction (efTOR) is a therapeutic option to reduce a dilated gastrojejunal anastomosis (GJA) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Mucosal ablation with argon plasma coagulation (APC) is usually performed to achieve tissue adaptation. However, rupture of sutures before scarring can lead to recurrent dilatation of the GJA. Here, we describe efTOR with a semicircumferential endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD-efTOR) as an alternative to APC-efTOR. METHODS: We enrolled 41 patients with comparable baseline characteristics (APC-efTOR 26; ESD-efTOR 15). The main objectives were reduction in the GJA diameter and in ruptured sutures. Technical success, complications, total weight loss (TWL), and percentage of total and excess weight loss (%TWL and %EWL) at 3 and 12 months, were assessed. RESULTS: ESD-efTOR resulted in significantly fewer ruptured sutures (20 % vs. 69 %; P = 0.004) and a greater reduction in the GJA (major 20 % vs. 0 %; minor 54 % vs. 37 %; no reduction 13 % vs. 58 %; P = 0.02) after 3 months. Technical efficacy, examination time, and rate of complications were comparable. CONCLUSIONS: ESD-efTOR resulted in a significantly greater reduction in the GJA diameter and a lower risk of ruptured sutures compared with APC-efTOR.


Asunto(s)
Coagulación con Plasma de Argón/métodos , Resección Endoscópica de la Mucosa/métodos , Unión Esofagogástrica/cirugía , Derivación Gástrica/efectos adversos , Yeyuno/cirugía , Cirugía Endoscópica por Orificios Naturales/métodos , Estómago/cirugía , Anastomosis Quirúrgica/efectos adversos , Constricción Patológica/diagnóstico , Constricción Patológica/etiología , Constricción Patológica/cirugía , Unión Esofagogástrica/diagnóstico por imagen , Estudios de Seguimiento , Boca , Obesidad Mórbida/cirugía , Reoperación/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura/efectos adversos , Factores de Tiempo
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