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1.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526602

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Identifying patients with BRCA mutations is clinically important to inform on the potential response to treatment and for risk management of patients and their relatives. However, traditional referral routes may not meet clinical needs, and therefore, mainstreaming cancer genetics has been shown to be effective in some high-income and high health-literacy settings. To date, no study has reported on the feasibility of mainstreaming in low-income and middle-income settings, where the service considerations and health literacy could detrimentally affect the feasibility of mainstreaming. METHODS: The Mainstreaming Genetic Counselling for Ovarian Cancer Patients (MaGiC) study is a prospective, two-arm observational study comparing oncologist-led and genetics-led counselling. This study included 790 multiethnic patients with ovarian cancer from 23 sites in Malaysia. We compared the impact of different method of delivery of genetic counselling on the uptake of genetic testing and assessed the feasibility, knowledge and satisfaction of patients with ovarian cancer. RESULTS: Oncologists were satisfied with the mainstreaming experience, with 95% indicating a desire to incorporate testing into their clinical practice. The uptake of genetic testing was similar in the mainstreaming and genetics arm (80% and 79%, respectively). Patient satisfaction was high, whereas decision conflict and psychological impact were low in both arms of the study. Notably, decisional conflict, although lower than threshold, was higher for the mainstreaming group compared with the genetics arm. Overall, 13.5% of patients had a pathogenic variant in BRCA1 or BRCA2, and there was no difference between psychosocial measures for carriers in both arms. CONCLUSION: The MaGiC study demonstrates that mainstreaming cancer genetics is feasible in low-resource and middle-resource Asian setting and increased coverage for genetic testing.

2.
Sci Transl Med ; 13(579)2021 Feb 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33536280

RESUMEN

Tumor lineage plasticity is emerging as a critical mechanism of therapeutic resistance and tumor relapse. Highly plastic tumor cells can undergo phenotypic switching to a drug-tolerant state to avoid drug toxicity. Here, we investigate the transmembrane tight junction protein Claudin6 (CLDN6) as a therapeutic target related to lineage plasticity for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). CLDN6 was highly expressed in embryonic stem cells but markedly decreased in normal tissues. Reactivation of CLDN6 was frequently observed in HCC tumor tissues as well as in premalignant lesions. Functional assays indicated that CLDN6 is not only a tumor-associated antigen but also conferred strong oncogenic effects in HCC. Overexpression of CLDN6 induced phenotypic shift of HCC cells from hepatic lineage to biliary lineage, which was more refractory to sorafenib treatment. The enhanced tumor lineage plasticity and cellular identity change were potentially induced by the CLDN6/TJP2 (tight junction protein 2)/YAP1 (Yes-associated protein 1) interacting axis and further activation of the Hippo signaling pathway. A de novo anti-CLDN6 monoclonal antibody conjugated with cytotoxic agent (Mertansine) DM1 (CLDN6-DM1) was developed. Preclinical data on both HCC cell lines and primary tumors showed the potent antitumor efficiency of CLDN6-DM1 as a single agent or in combination with sorafenib in HCC treatment.

3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471495

RESUMEN

Cellulose-based materials have gained increasing attention for the development of low-cost, eco-friendly technologies, and more recently, as functional materials in triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs). However, the low output performance of cellulose-based TENGs severely restricts their versatility and employment in emerging smart building and smart city applications. Here, we report a high output performance of a commercial cellulosic material-based energy harvesting floor (CEHF). Benefiting from the significant difference in the triboelectric properties between weighing and nitrocellulose papers, high surface roughness achieved by a newly developed mechanical exfoliation method, and large overall contact area via a multilayered device structure, the CEHF (25 cm × 15 cm × 1.2 cm) exhibits excellent output performance with a maximum output voltage, current, and power peak values of 360 V, 250 µA, and 5 mW, respectively. It can be directly installed or integrated with regular flooring products to effectively convert human body movements into electricity and shows good durability and stability. Moreover, a wireless transmission sensing system that can produce a 1:1 footstep-to-signal (transmitted and received) ratio is instantaneously powered by a TENG based entirely on cellulosic materials for the first time. This work provides a feasible and effective way to utilize commercial cellulosic materials to construct self-powered wireless transmission systems for real-time sensing applications.

4.
Chem Biodivers ; 18(2): e2000944, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33411381

RESUMEN

Genistein (GS) exhibits various biological activities, but its clinical application is limited because of the low bioavailability. In this study, a GS-adenine pharmaceutical complex was prepared through solvent evaporation to improve the bioavailability of GS, and a molecular model of a two-component supramolecular pharmacological transport mechanism was established. The structure of GS-adenine was characterized, in addition, interaction patterns between GS and adenine were investigated using density functional theory. The results showed that the solubility of GS-adenine was five times higher than that of GS, and the cumulative release rate of GS-adenine was 86 %. The results of fluorescence spectroscopy and molecular dynamic simulations showed that GS-adenine bound to the Sudlow's site I of HSA mainly through hydrophobic interactions. This study provides a useful reference for synthesizing pharmaceutical complexes to improve solubility and for exploring the mechanism of multiple pharmaceutical components in vivo.

5.
Mol Cancer ; 20(1): 20, 2021 01 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485358

RESUMEN

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common human malignancies worldwide with very poor prognosis. Resistance to targeted therapeutic drugs such as sorafenib remains one of the major challenges in clinical treatment. In the present study, PARP1 was found to be highly expressed in human embryonic stem cells, but progressively decreased upon specified hepatic differentiation. Reactivation of PARP1 expression was also detected in HCC residual tumors after sorafenib treatment in xenograft mouse model, indicating the potential important roles of PARP1 in stem cell pluripotency and HCC sorafenib treatment resistance. Overexpression of PARP1 was frequently observed in HCC patients, and closely associated with poor clinical outcome. Treatment of Sorafenib induced activation of DNA damage repair signaling, which is highly active and essential for maintenance of stem cell pluripotency in HCC residual tumors. PARP inhibitor Olaparib extensively suppressed the DNA damage repair signaling, and significantly inhibited the global pluripotent transcriptional network. The repression of key pluripotent transcriptional factors and DNA damage repair signaling by Olaparib was mainly through CHD1L-mediated condensation of the chromatin structure at their promotor regions. The global reshaping of the pluripotent transcriptome by Olaparib might reinforce Sorafenib in eliminating HCC residual tumors and enhance therapeutic efficiency.

6.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 29, 2021 Jan 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33499882

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Aberrant DNA methylation is significantly associated with breast cancer. METHODS: In this study, we aimed to determine novel methylation biomarkers using a bioinformatics analysis approach that could have clinical value for breast cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Firstly, differentially methylated DNA patterns were detected in breast cancer samples by comparing publicly available datasets (GSE72245 and GSE88883). Methylation levels in 7 selected methylation biomarkers were also estimated using the online tool UALCAN. Next, we evaluated the diagnostic value of these selected biomarkers in two independent cohorts, as well as in two mixed cohorts, through ROC curve analysis. Finally, prognostic value of the selected methylation biomarkers was evaluated breast cancer by the Kaplan-Meier plot analysis. RESULTS: In this study, a total of 23 significant differentially methylated sites, corresponding to 9 different genes, were identified in breast cancer datasets. Among the 9 identified genes, ADCY4, CPXM1, DNM3, GNG4, MAST1, mir129-2, PRDM14, and ZNF177 were hypermethylated. Importantly, individual value of each selected methylation gene was greater than 0.9, whereas predictive value for all genes combined was 0.9998. We also found the AUC for the combined signature of 7 genes (ADCY4, CPXM1, DNM3, GNG4, MAST1, PRDM14, ZNF177) was 0.9998 [95% CI 0.9994-1], and the AUC for the combined signature of 3 genes (MAST1, PRDM14, and ZNF177) was 0.9991 [95% CI 0.9976-1]. Results from additional validation analyses showed that MAST1, PRDM14, and ZNF177 had high sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for breast cancer diagnosis. Lastly, patient survival analysis revealed that high expression of ADCY4, CPXM1, DNM3, PRDM14, PRKCB, and ZNF177 were significantly associated with better overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Methylation pattern of MAST1, PRDM14, and ZNF177 may represent new diagnostic biomarkers for breast cancer, while methylation of ADCY4, CPXM1, DNM3, PRDM14, PRKCB, and ZNF177 may hold prognostic potential for breast cancer.

7.
Cancer Med ; 10(3): 974-988, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405390

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Metastatic adenocarcinoma of unknown primary site (MACUP) is the most common cancer of unknown primary site, and shows worse prognosis. Prediction of its tumor site origin attracts a growing attention. However, the site determined by gene expression profiling does not have a significant impact on the survival. Some other special method might need to be found out. METHODS: We reviewed 1011 MACUP patients diagnosed by pathological examination and immunohistochemistry based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database during 2010-2016. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazard model were analyzed to compare the survival. Logistic regression models and relevant nomograms were performed to predicting the probability of the primary site which including digestive system, respiratory system, and female breast. The validation and clinical utility of models were measured with relevant statistical approaches. RESULTS: About 324 (32.1%), 299 (29.6%), and 203 (20.1%) of MACUP patients were identified as the primary sites of digestive system, respiratory system, and female breast, respectively. Patients derived from digestive system and respiratory system showed poorer survival than these with other sites. Digestive system was significantly associated with liver (Odds ratio =13.21 [95% confidence interval =8.48-21.02]) or lung (2.36 [1.40-3.97]) metastasis, while respiratory system was linked to brain (11.68 [6.68-21.26]) or lymph node (3.39 [2.26-5.13]) metastasis. Patients identified as female breast were prone to occur bone metastasis (5.85 [3.68-9.45]). Logistic regression nomograms were developed to help clinicians intuitively predict the probabilities of tumor site origin with 0.867, 0.824, and 0.753 of the C-index, respectively. Decision curve analysis and clinical impact curves both revealed the clinical effectiveness. CONCLUSIONS: We profiled different tumor site origin of MACUP patients and established prediction models. These features might be significant for clinicians to improve the probabilities of predicting the primary sites, and to decide subsequent treatment strategy.

8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434612

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To construct and validate a predicting genotype signature for pathologic complete response (pCR) in locally advanced rectal cancer (PGS-LARC) after neoadjuvant chemoradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Whole exome sequencing was performed in 15 LARC tissues. Mutation sites were selected according to the whole exome sequencing data and literature. Target sequencing was performed in a training cohort (n = 202) to build the PGS-LARC model using regression analysis, and internal (n = 76) and external validation cohorts (n = 69) were used for validating the results. Predictive performance of the PGS-LARC model was compared with clinical factors and between subgroups. The PGS-LARC model comprised 15 genes. RESULTS: The area under the curve (AUC) of the PGS model in the training, internal, and external validation cohorts was 0.776 (0.697-0.849), 0.760 (0.644-0.867), and 0.812 (0.690-0.915), respectively, and demonstrated higher AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity than cT stage, cN stage, carcinoembryonic antigen level, and CA19-9 level for pCR prediction. The predictive performance of the model was superior to clinical factors in all subgroups. For patients with clinical complete response (cCR), the positive prediction value was 94.7%. CONCLUSIONS: The PGS-LARC is a reliable predictive tool for pCR in patients with LARC and might be helpful to enable nonoperative management strategy in those patients who refuse surgery. It has the potential to guide treatment decisions for patients with different probability of tumor regression after neoadjuvant therapy, especially when combining cCR criteria and PGS-LARC.

9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 265: 113302, 2021 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860893

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Laminaria japonica, a brown seaweed, has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) to treat a variety of diseases including lung cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: To demonstrate the effects of Fucoxanthin (FX), a major active component extracted from Laminaria japonica on metastasis and Gefitinib (Gef) sensitivity in human lung cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Invasion and migration of lung cancer cells were detected using the wound healing assay and transwell assay. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) factors and PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathways were analyzed by western blotting. RNA interference (RNAi) technology was used to silence TIMP-2 gene expression in A549 cells. The anti-metastatic effect of FX was evaluated in vivo in an experimental lung metastatic tumor model. On the other hand, cell counting kit-8 assay was used to study the cell viability of human lung cancer PC9 cells and Gef resistant PC9 cells (PC9/G) after Gef, FX or FX combined with Gef treatment. PC9 xenograft model was established to explore the anti-tumor effect of FX or combined with Gef. Immunohistochemistry staining assay and immunofluorescence staining assay were used to reveal the effects of FX on lung cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis. RESULTS: FX was able to significantly inhibit lung cancer cells migration and invasion in vitro. FX suppressed the expressions of Snail, Twist, Fibronectin, N-cadherin, MMP-2, PI3K, p-AKT and NF-κB, and increased the expression of TIMP-2. Furthermore, knockdown of TIMP-2 attenuated FX-mediated invasion inhibition. Additionally, we demonstrated that FX inhibited lung cancer cells metastasis in vivo. The anti-metastatic effects of FX on lung cancer cells might be attributed to inhibition of EMT and PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathway. We further demonstrated that the anti-tumor activity of FX was not only limited to the drug sensitive cell lines, but also prominent on lung cancer cells with Gef resistant phenotype. Furthermore, in vivo xenograft assay confirmed that FX inhibited tumor growth and enhanced the sensitivity of lung cancer cells to Gef and this effect may be due to inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and activation of apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our findings suggested that FX suppresses metastasis of lung cancer cells and overcomes EGFR TKIs resistance. Thus, FX is worthy of further investigation as a drug candidate for the treatment of lung cancer.

10.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 42(1): 259-270, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048406

RESUMEN

Insomnia disorder is the most common sleep disorder and has drawn increasing attention. Many studies have shown that hyperarousal plays a key role in the pathophysiology of insomnia disorder. However, the specific brain mechanisms underlying insomnia disorder remain unclear. To elucidate the neuropathophysiology of insomnia disorder, we investigated the brain functional networks of patients with insomnia disorder and healthy controls across the sleep-wake cycle. EEG-fMRI data from 33 patients with insomnia disorder and 31 well-matched healthy controls during wakefulness and nonrapid eye movement sleep, including N1, N2 and N3 stages, were analyzed. A medial and anterior thalamic region was selected as the seed considering its role in sleep-wake regulation. The functional connectivity between the thalamic seed and voxels across the brain was calculated. ANOVA with factors "group" and "stage" was performed on thalamus-based functional connectivity. Correlations between the misperception index and altered functional connectivity were explored. A group-by-stage interaction was observed at widespread cortical regions. Regarding the main effect of group, patients with insomnia disorder demonstrated decreased thalamic connectivity with the left amygdala, parahippocampal gyrus, putamen, pallidum and hippocampus across wakefulness and all three nonrapid eye movement sleep stages. The thalamic connectivity in the subcortical cluster and the right temporal cluster in N1 was significantly correlated with the misperception index. This study demonstrated the brain functional basis in insomnia disorder and illustrated its relationship with sleep misperception, shedding new light on the brain mechanisms of insomnia disorder and indicating potential therapeutic targets for its treatment.

11.
Diabetes ; 70(3): 788-799, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334874

RESUMEN

Patients with diabetes often experience visual defects before any retinal pathologies are detected. The molecular mechanism for the visual defects in early diabetes has not been elucidated. Our previous study reported that in early diabetic retinopathy (DR), rhodopsin levels were reduced due to impaired 11-cis-retinal regeneration. Interphotoreceptor retinol-binding protein (IRBP) is a visual cycle protein and important for 11-cis-retinal generation. IRBP levels are decreased in the vitreous and retina of DR patients and animal models. To determine the role of IRBP downregulation in the visual defects in early DR, we induced diabetes in transgenic mice overexpressing IRBP in the retina. IRBP overexpression prevented diabetes-induced decline of retinal function. Furthermore, IRBP overexpression also prevented decreases of rhodopsin levels and 11-cis-retinal generation in diabetic mice. Diabetic IRBP transgenic mice also showed ameliorated retinal oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, and retinal degeneration compared with diabetic wild-type mice. These findings suggest that diabetes-induced IRBP downregulation impairs the regeneration of 11-cis-retinal and rhodopsin, leading to retinal dysfunction in early DR. Furthermore, increased 11-cis-retinal-free opsin constitutively activates the phototransduction pathway, leading to increased oxidative stress and retinal neurodegeneration. Therefore, restored IRBP expression in the diabetic retina may confer a protective effect against retinal degeneration in DR.

12.
Nanoscale ; 12(44): 22808-22816, 2020 Nov 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174554

RESUMEN

Two-dimensional (2D) magnetic materials with high perpendicular anisotropy, such as Fe3GeTe2, have the potential to build spintronic devices with better performance and lower power consumption. Here, we examine microwave emissions in Fe3GeTe2/Pt spin Hall nano-oscillators with different numbers of layers of Fe3GeTe2 using micromagnetic simulations. We predict that auto-oscillation with a frequency of >30 GHz can be driven by spin-orbit torque (SOT) and the frequency is tunable with current. Observing the dynamic behaviors of magnetization dynamic reveals that non-localized spin-wave propagates in Fe3GeTe2 with a spatially varied wavelength due to Joule heat and forms certain special bubble-like magnetic structure. Our results indicate SHNOs comprising a 2D magnetic material has the potential to develop future spintronic oscillator with low power consumption and high performance.

14.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5483, 2020 Oct 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33127900

RESUMEN

Quasi-two-dimensional perovskites have emerged as a new material platform for optoelectronics on account of its intrinsic stability. A major bottleneck to device performance is the high charge injection barrier caused by organic molecular layers on its basal plane, thus the best performing device currently relies on edge contact. Herein, by leveraging on van der Waals coupling and energy level matching between two-dimensional Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite and graphene, we show that the plane-contacted perovskite and graphene interface presents a lower barrier than gold for charge injection. Electron tunneling across the interface occurs via a gate-tunable, direct tunneling-to-field emission mechanism with increasing bias, and photoinduced charge transfer occurs at femtosecond timescale (~50 fs). Field effect transistors fabricated on molecularly thin Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite using graphene contact exhibit electron mobilities ranging from 0.1 to 0.018 cm2V-1s-1 between 1.7 to 200 K. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy studies reveal layer-dependent tunneling barrier and domain size on few-layered Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite.

15.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 2020 Oct 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128499

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Position accuracy of the multi-leaf collimator (MLC) is essential in stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). This study is aimed to investigate the dosimetric impacts of the MU-weighted MLC positioning uncertainties of SBRT for patients with early stage peripheral non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Three types of MLC position error were simulated: Type 1, random error; Type 2, system shift, in which both MLC banks shifted to the left or right direction; and Type 3, in which both MLC banks moved with same magnitudes in the opposite directions. Two baseline plans were generated: an automatic plan (AP) and a manually optimized plan (MP). Multi-leaf collimator position errors were introduced to generate simulated plans with the preset MLC leaf position errors, which were then reimported into the Pinnacle system to generate simulated plans, respectively. The dosimetric parameters (CI, nCI, GI, etc.) and gEUD values of PTV and OARs were calculated. Linear regression between MU-weighted/unweighted MLC position error and gEUD was performed to obtain dose sensitivity. RESULTS: The dose sensitivities of the PTVs were -4.93, -38.94, -41.70, -55.55, and 30.33 Gy/mm for random, left shift, right shift, system close, and system open MLC errors, respectively. There were significant differences between the MU-weighted and the unweighted dose sensitivity, which was -38.94 Gy/mm vs -3.42 Gy/mm (left shift), -41.70 Gy/mm vs -3.56 Gy/mm (right shift), -55.55 Gy/mm vs -4.84 Gy/mm (system close), and 30.33 vs 2.64 Gy/mm (system open). For the system open/close MLC errors, as the PTV volume became larger, the dose sensitivity decreased. APs provided smaller dose sensitivity for the system shift and system close MLC errors compared to the conventional MPs. CONCLUSIONS: There was significant difference in dose sensitivity between MU-weighted and unweighted MLC position error of SBRT radiotherapy in peripheral NSCLC. MU is suggested to be included in the dosimetric evaluation of the MLC misalignments, since it is much closer to clinical radiotherapy.

16.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820967472, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111613

RESUMEN

Plant homeodomain finger protein 8 (PHF8) has been reported to participate in cancer development and metastasis of various types of tumors. However, little is known about the functional mechanism of PHF8 in gastric cancer (GC). This study aimed to explore the PHF8 expression pattern and function, and the role of the MYC/miRNA/PHF8 axis in GC. PHF8 expression was upregulated in GC tissues and cells as measured using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. PHF8 knockdown suppressed the proliferation, migration, and invasion of GC cells, as determined using the CCK-8 assay and Transwell assay. MicroRNA-22-3p targeted PHF8, as verified by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. MYC upregulated the protein expression of PHF8 but had no effect on PHF8 mRNA expression. MYC regulates PHF8 by affecting the stability of miR-22-3p. We identified a novel MYC/miR-22-3p/PHF8 regulatory axis in GC. Therefore, PHF8 may provide a new therapeutic target for patients with GC.

17.
Mol Hum Reprod ; 26(11): 825-836, 2020 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010173

RESUMEN

We previously showed that annexin A2 (Axna2) was transiently expressed at the embryo-uterine luminal epithelium interface during the window of implantation and was involved in mouse embryo implantation. At the same time, Axna2 was reported to be upregulated in human receptive endometrium, which was critical for embryo attachment as an intracellular molecule. Here, we identified Axna2 as a membrane-bound molecule on human endometrial epithelial cells and trophoblast cells, and the outer surface membrane-bound Axna2 was involved in human embryo attachment. In addition, physiological levels of estrogen and progesterone increased the expression of overall Axna2 as well as that in the extracellular surface membrane protein fraction in human endometrial cells. Furthermore, p11 (or S100A10, a member of the S100 EF-hand family protein, molecular weight 11 kDa) was involved in the translocation of Axna2 to the outer surface membrane of endometrial epithelial cells without affecting its overall expression. Finally, the surface relocation of Axna2 was also dependent on cell-cell contact and calcium binding. A better understanding of the function and regulation of Axna2 in human endometrium may help us to identify a potential therapeutic target for subfertile and infertile patients.

18.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1433-1439, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067933

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the difference of long non coding RNA (lncRNA) expression profile in bone marrow specimens of children with acute leukemia (AL) and other hematological disease children with normal bone marrows as controls, to screen the lncRNA related with childhood hematological diseases, and to explore the expression of lncRNA AC002454.1 and its clinical significance in AL children. METHODS: The microarray gene chip technology was used to statistically analyze the lncRNA in bone marrow cells of newly diagnose AL children and control children. Ninty-seren differentially expressed lncRNAs were selected. The bone marrow specimens of ALL children (21 cases), AML children (22 cases) and control children (21 cases) were verified and compared by using qRT-PCR; then the lncRNA with maximum differential expression-lncRNA AC002454.1 was selected and used to analyze the relation of relative expression level with clinical indicators. RESULTS: The microarray gene chip detection showed that 1 884 differentially expressed lncRNA were found in ALL children, and 4 289 differentically expressed lncRNA were found in AML children. The results confirming these differentically expressed lncRNA by qRT-PCR showed that 9 lncRNA expression were significantly up-regulated in ALL children, and 12 lncRNA expression were significantly up-regulated in AML children. Among these up-regulated lncRNA, the difference of AC002454.1 expression was most significant in ALL and AML children (P<0.05, P<0.01). The detection showed that there was a significant difference, in AC002454.1 relative expression level of newly diagnosed T-ALL and B-ALL children (P<0.01), moreover, this difference also was found in ALL and AML children (P<0.05). The detection analysis showed that there was no statistical difference in AC002454.1 relative expression level among the different sex, age, WBC count at initial diagnosis, chromosome, fusion gene, and risk stratification (P>0.05 for all). CONCLUSION: The lncRNA expression profile of AL children has been gained by using the lncRNA microarray gene chip technicology. AC002454.1 the significantly high expression exist in AL children, which relates with immunotyping and prognosis of AL children in a certain degree.


Asunto(s)
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , ARN Largo no Codificante , Enfermedad Aguda , Niño , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Análisis de Secuencia por Matrices de Oligonucleótidos , Pronóstico , ARN Largo no Codificante/genética
19.
J Food Biochem ; : e13502, 2020 Oct 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025647

RESUMEN

Bovine α-lactalbumin (α-La)/ß-lactoglobulin (ß-Lg) was pretreated through ultrasonic treatment and subsequently binding with oleic acid (OA) by heat treatment. And, the antitumor activity, IgE/IgG-binding ability, and structural modifications were investigated. After α-La/ß-Lg were treated by ultrasonic prior to binding with OA, the treated α-La/ß-Lg showed high antitumor activity and IgE/IgG-binding ability, and significantly affected the structural modifications, which reflected by the reduction in α-helix content, the increase of molecular weight, intrinsic fluorescence intensity, and surface hydrophobicity. Molecular docking studies indicated that OA bound to α-La/ß-Lg by hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interaction. Therefore, ultrasonic prior to binding with OA could improve antitumor activity and IgE/IgG-binding ability of α-La/ß-Lg as a result of structural modifications. And, ultrasonic prior to binding with fatty acid processing of milk products alone may increase the antitumor activity, this change may enhance the risk of an allergenic reaction in milk allergy patients to some extent. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Fatty acids, natural ligands associated with the bovine milk proteins, and milk protein-fatty acid complex has a variety of functional applications in the food industry. This study revealed that antitumor activity, IgE/IgG-binding ability, and structural modifications of α-La/ß-Lg induced by ultrasonic prior to binding with oleic acid. It will be beneficial to understand the mechanism of the functional changes of protein. Ultrasonic prior to binding with oleic acid will be more likely to develop a practical technology to improve the functional characteristics of milk protein and design the optimal nutritional performance of milk food.

20.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 20(1): 355, 2020 Aug 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867704

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) keratitis is a major cause of corneal blindness in the world, and an in-depth understanding of its pathogenesis may help improve existing diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of this study is to compare and analysis the total tear protein profile of HSV-1 epithelial keratitis patients, and to quantify the potential candidate biomarkers of HSV-1 epithelial keratitis. METHODS: We investigated the proteome in tear fluid from three HSV-1 epithelial keratitis patients and three healthy control subjects using nano-scale liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-MS/MS) analysis. Functional annotation of differentially expressed proteins was done with the Gene Ontology (GO) analysis. ELISA was done to quantify the potential candidate biomarkers in 26 clinical cases. RESULTS: Tear fluid from three HSV-1 epithelial keratitis patients and three healthy control subjects contained a total of 1275 proteins and 326 proteins were unique to tear fluid of HSV-1 epithelial keratitis patients. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that tear proteins from HSV-1 epithelial keratitis patients may be involved in metabolic processes, antigen presentation, inflammatory response, and in the TNF-mediated and T cell receptor pathways. Furthermore, IL1A, IL12B, DEFB4A, and CAMP, which are associated with the inflammatory response and inhibition of viral infection, were significantly more abundant in the HSV-1 epithelial keratitis patients than in the healthy control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: This study reports the proteomic profile of tears in HSV-1 epithelial keratitis for the first time and identifies a number of unique differentially expressed proteins.

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