Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 5 de 5
Filtrar
Más filtros










Base de datos
Intervalo de año de publicación
1.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(1): 5-15, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915329

RESUMEN

Acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN) is the commonest cause of acute glomerulonephritis (AGN), which usually present with gross hematuria, mild edema, oliguria, hypertension and varying degree of renal insufficiency. It is more common among the population of school going age where poverty, overcrowding and poor hygienic conditions are prevailing. This cross sectional observational study was aimed to know the socio-demographic variables, clinical profile and immediate outcome of AGN in hospitalized children and was conducted in the Pediatric department of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH), Mymensingh, Bangladesh from November 2014 to April 2015. A detailed history was taken from the parents in each case with a written questionnaire. A written consent was also taken from the guardian of the including patients and also permission was taken from the ethical committee of MMCH. Thorough clinical examination and available relevant investigations were done in all patients. Progresses of the patient were monitored by daily clinical examinations and also by investigations. Data were analyzed by statistical package for social science (SPSS) windows version 18. Results were verified by doing standard test for significance. Among total 60 cases male was 58.3% & female was 41.7%. The common age group of presentation was between 7-12 years (73%), peak age of incidence was 7-9 years. Most of them came from low socioeconomic status (83.3%), 63.3% from rural area with average 5-6 member's family size. Most of the parents were illiterate. History of (H/O) skin infection was present in 35(58.3%) patients, 15(25%) had H/O sore throat, 15% did not give any H/O infection before presentation. Average duration of gap between infection and appearance of clinical feature was 7-14 days in 73.40%and 15-21 days was in 45.7% in case of sore throat & skin infection respectively. Almost all (95%) patients presented with puffiness of face, others presented with scanty micturition, gross hematuria, respiratory distress, fever, convulsion and altered sensorium. Edema (75%), hypertension (88.3%), pallor (38%), tachypnea (25%), tachycardia (26.7%) were the important clinical findings. Microscopic hematuria was present among 96.66% patients; low complement level was found in 85% cases. There is significant association between low socioeconomic statuses with more hospital stay. Only one patient died due to heart failure and 98.3% patient had complete recovery. Results of this study conclude that most of the patients came from rural illiterate family with low socioeconomic background. Skin infection is the commonest cause of acute glomerulonephritis. Edema, scanty micturation, hematuria and hypertension are the common mode of presentation. Heart failure and hypertensive encephalopathy are the common complication of AGN. Immediate prognosis of AGN was excellent.


Asunto(s)
Glomerulonefritis/diagnóstico , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermedad Aguda , Bangladesh/epidemiología , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Glomerulonefritis/epidemiología , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Pediatría , Población Rural , Factores Socioeconómicos
2.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(4): 779-791, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599241

RESUMEN

Evaluation of the in vitro antibacterial activity of aqueous and ethanolic extracts isolated from Clove (Syzygium aromaticum) buds against three food borne pathogens, gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative Escherichia coli & Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This interventional study was carried out during the period of July 2018 to June 2019 in the Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics with the collaboration of Department of Microbiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. The antibacterial activity was tested at different concentrations of both extracts of spice by using disc diffusion & broth dilution method. The extracts were prepared by using solvents aqueous & ethanol. The test microorganisms were also tested for their activity against a standard antibiotic Gentamicin (80mg) by broth dilution method and the result was compared with that of Aqueous and Ethanolic extracts. Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of clove had inhibitory activity against the test bacteria. Among different concentrations of the ACE, 500µg/ml & above concentration showed inhibitory effect against Staphylococcus aureus & Escherichia coli and 700µg/ml & above concentration showed inhibitory effect against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In case of ECE, 500µg/ml & above concentration showed inhibitory effect against aforesaid bacteria. In disc diffusion method, S. aureus was found to be most susceptible to ACE (30.5mm) & Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found to be most susceptible to ECE (38mm). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of ECE were lower than ACE for the test bacteria except Staphylococcus aureus where MICs of ACE & ECE were the same. This result was also compared against a standard antibiotic Gentamicin where the MICs of Gentamicin were lower in comparison to MICs of ACE & ECE. The present study showed that aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Clove demonstrated antibacterial effects against food borne pathogens.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos/toxicidad , Extractos Vegetales/toxicidad , Syzygium , Bangladesh , Escherichia coli/efectos de los fármacos , Humanos , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efectos de los fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efectos de los fármacos
3.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 47(3): 303-317, 2019 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897273

RESUMEN

Understanding the relationship between molecular structure and function represents an important goal of undergraduate life sciences. Although evidence suggests that handling physical models supports gains in student understanding of structure-function relationships, such models have not been widely implemented in biochemistry classrooms. Three-dimensional (3D) printing represents an emerging cost-effective means of producing molecular models to help students investigate structure-function concepts. We developed three interactive learning modules with dynamic 3D printed models to help biochemistry students visualize biomolecular structures and address particular misconceptions. These modules targeted specific learning objectives related to DNA and RNA structure, transcription factor-DNA interactions, and DNA supercoiling dynamics. We also designed accompanying assessments to gauge student learning. Students responded favorably to the modules and showed normalized learning gains of 49% with respect to their ability to understand and relate molecular structures to biochemical functions. By incorporating accurate 3D printed structures, these modules represent a novel advance in instructional design for biomolecular visualization. We provide instructors with the materials necessary to incorporate each module in the classroom, including instructions for acquiring and distributing the models, activities, and assessments. © 2019 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 47(3):303-317, 2019.


Asunto(s)
Comprensión , ADN/química , ADN/metabolismo , Aprendizaje , Biología Molecular/educación , Impresión Tridimensional , Humanos , Conformación de Ácido Nucleico , Relación Estructura-Actividad , Estudiantes
4.
Signal Image Process ; 3(4): 51-63, 2012 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25267940

RESUMEN

DETECHIP® is a molecular sensing array used for identification of a large variety of substances. Previous methodology for the analysis of DETECHIP® used human vision to distinguish color changes induced by the presence of the analyte of interest. This paper describes several analysis techniques using digital images of DETECHIP®. Both a digital camera and flatbed desktop photo scanner were used to obtain Jpeg images. Color information within these digital images was obtained through the measurement of red-green-blue (RGB) values using software such as GIMP, Photoshop and ImageJ. Several different techniques were used to evaluate these color changes. It was determined that the flatbed scanner produced in the clearest and more reproducible images. Furthermore, codes obtained using a macro written for use within ImageJ showed improved consistency versus pervious methods.

5.
Drug Metab Lett ; 1(1): 67-72, 2007 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19356021

RESUMEN

In vitro metabolic stability assays are used to screen compounds for stability in the presence of various drug metabolizing enzymes, usually cytochrome P450 in liver preparations (e.g., liver microsomes). High-throughput metabolic stability assays using pooling methods have been developed to keep pace with screening requirements at the lead ADME optimization stage. In our laboratory, we have improved the metabolic stability assay using the cassette analysis method, column switching, and incorporated time saving techniques in method development to yield a robust method which reduces data turnaround time, increases compound throughput, and maximizes mass spectrometer usage. This method can determine metabolic stability using microsomes or hepatocytes from any species. We describe our findings following incubation of 40 different compounds with human liver microsomes and analysis by the cassette and discrete analysis methods. Similar metabolic stability results were obtained using the cassette analysis and discrete analysis method. An overall 70% time savings was achieved by pooling four new compounds into one sample for method development/MS optimization, cassetting four samples into one sample to minimize the number of injections on LC/MS/MS analysis, and using a column switching system to analyze the samples, which results in a two-fold decrease in the LC/MS/MS analysis time.


Asunto(s)
Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión/métodos , Preparaciones Farmacéuticas/metabolismo , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem/métodos , Animales , Sistema Enzimático del Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Descubrimiento de Drogas/métodos , Hepatocitos/enzimología , Hepatocitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Microsomas Hepáticos/enzimología , Microsomas Hepáticos/metabolismo , Factores de Tiempo
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA