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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 264, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575985

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To identify MRI-detected anatomical risk factors for non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries across genders. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 141 ACL-reconstructed patients (35 females, 106 males) and 142 controls (37 females, 105 males) from January 2020 to April 2022. Inclusion criteria were primary non-contact ACL injuries. The tibial plateau slope, lateral femoral condyle index, Insall-Salvati index, and patellar tendon angle were measured, using binary logistic regression for gender-specific risk evaluation. RESULTS: Increased lateral tibial plateau slope, reduced intercondylar notch width index, lateral femoral condyle index, and patellar tendon angle correlated with ACL injuries in both genders. The Insall-Salvati index was a significant risk factor in females but not in males. CONCLUSION: This study identifies the lateral tibial plateau slope, notch width index, lateral femoral condyle index, and patellar tendon angle at near-extension as risk factors for ACL injuries in both genders, with the Insall-Salvati index also implicated in females.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagen , Lesiones del Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores Sexuales , Articulación de la Rodilla/diagnóstico por imagen , Tibia , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/efectos adversos , Factores de Riesgo , Espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(6): e37128, 2024 Feb 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335434

RESUMEN

Early recognition of malnutrition is essential to improve the prognosis of older patients with hip fracture. The Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002), the Short-Form Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-SF) and the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) are widely used in malnutrition diagnosis. However, criteria for predicting postoperative hip joint motor function in older patients with hip fractures are still necessary. The objective of this study was to select the most appropriate criteria from the NRS-2002, the MNA-SF and the GLIM in predicting the postoperative hip joint motor function recovery 1 year after surgery. This retrospective observational study included 161 patients aged ≥ 65 years with hip fractures. The nutritional status of patients was determined by the NRS-2002, MNA-SF and GLIM. The Harris hip joint score (HHS), the primary outcome of this study, was used to evaluate hip joint motor function. HHS was classified as excellent (HHS > 75) or non-excellent outcomes (HHS ≤ 75). Logistic regression models for hip joint motor function recovery were constructed. Both the receiver operating characteristic curve and the decision curve analysis were used to select the most predictive criteria. The overall mean age of the 161 patients was 77.90 ±â€…8.17. As a result, NRS-2002 (OR:0.06, 95%CI [0.01, 0.17]), MNA-SF (OR:0.05, 95%CI [0.00, 0.23]) and GLIM (OR of moderate: 0.03, 95%CI [0.01, 0.11]; OR of severe: 0.02 [0.00, 0.07]) were predictive for recovery of hip joint motor function. Additionally, both the area under curve of the receiver operating characteristic curve (NRS-2002: 81.2 [73.8, 88.6], MNA-SF: 76.3 [68.5, 84.2], GLIM: 86.2 [79.6,92.8]) and the decision curve analysis showed the GLIM was better than others. Compared with NRS-2002 and MNA-SF, GLIM was a more suitable nutritional assessment criteria to predict the postoperative recovery of hip joint motor function for older patients with hip fracture 1 year after surgery.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Desnutrición , Humanos , Anciano , Estado Nutricional , Estudios Retrospectivos , Recuperación de la Función , Liderazgo , Desnutrición/diagnóstico , Evaluación Nutricional , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía
3.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 43(12): 1411-1421, 2023 Dec 12.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38092540

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on intestinal flora in the rats with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) based on 16S rDNA technique. METHODS: Ten rats were randomized from 58 SPF-grade male SD rats to be the blank group. The remained 48 rats were prepared to be IBS-D models by the modified method of acetic acid enema combined with binding tail-clip stress. Forty successfully-modeled rats were randomly divided into a model group, an acupuncture group, a moxibustion group and a western medication group, with 10 rats in each one. In the acupuncture group, the needle was inserted at bilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) and remained for 15 min in each rat. In the moxibustion group, the suspending moxibustion was delivered at bilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) for 15 min. The rats in the western medication group were given pinaverium bromide suspension (10 mL/kg) by intragastric administration. The above interventions were performed once daily for consecutive 14 days. The body mass and the score of fecal trait were compared before and after modeling, as well as after intervention in each group. Fecal water content, diarrhea index and colon transit time (CTT) were measured after modeling and intervention in the rats of each group separately. After intervention, the colonic morphology of rats in each group was observed, and using 16S rDNA technique, the intestinal flora was detected. RESULTS: After modeling, compared with the blank group, the body mass and CTT were reduced (P<0.01); fecal trait scores, fecal water contents and diarrhea index increased (P<0.01) in the other 4 groups. After intervention, the body mass and CTT of the rats decreased (P<0.01), and fecal trait score, fecal water content and diarrhea index increased (P<0.01) in the model group compared with those in the blank group. In the acupuncture group, the moxibustion group and the western medication group, when compared with the model group, the body mass and CTT were elevated (P<0.01), while fecal trait scores, fecal water contents and diarrhea index declined (P<0.01). Compared with the western medication group, fecal water content decreased in the acupuncture group and the moxibustion group (P<0.05), while CTT increased in the acupuncture group (P<0.01), the body mass increased and fecal trait score was dropped in the moxibustion group (P<0.05). The colonic mucosa structure was clear and complete, and there was no obvious inflammatory cell infiltration in the blank group. The mild interstitial edema of intestinal mucosa was presented with the infiltration of few inflammatory cells in the model group. There was the infiltration of few inflammatory cells in the mucosa of the acupuncture group, the moxibustion group and the western medication group. Compared with the blank group, the indexes of Richness, Chao1, ACE and Shannon decreased in the model group (P<0.05). Indexes of Richness, Chao1 and ACE increased in the acupuncture group and the moxibustion group (P<0.05), and the Richness index in the western medication group increased (P<0.05) when compared with those in the model group. The relative abundance of Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Prevotella increased (P<0.05), and that of Firmicutes and Muribaculaceae decreased (P<0.05) in the model group compared with those in the blank group. When compared with the model group, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Prevotella was reduced (P<0.05), while that of Firmicutes and Muribaculaceae increased (P<0.05) in the acupuncture group, the moxibustion group and the western medication group; and that of Actinobacteria and Bifidobacterium increased in the acupuncture group and the moxibustion group (P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the relative abundance of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis was elevated (P<0.05), and that of folate biosynthesis, lipoic acid metabolism, zeatin biosynthesis, ubiquinone and other terpenoid quinone biosynthesis decreased (P<0.05) in the model group. The relative abundance of LPS biosynthesis was dropped (P<0.05), and that of folate biosynthesis, lipoic acid metabolism, zeatin biosynthesis, ubiquinone and other terpenoid quinone biosynthesis increased (P<0.05) in the acupuncture group, the moxibustion group and the western medication group compared with those of the model group. CONCLUSIONS: Either acupuncture or moxibustion can relieve the symptoms of IBS-D and protect intestinal mucosa, which may be associated with regulating the structure of intestinal flora and promoting nutrient metabolism and biosynthesis.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Síndrome del Colon Irritable , Moxibustión , Ácido Tióctico , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Síndrome del Colon Irritable/genética , Síndrome del Colon Irritable/terapia , Moxibustión/métodos , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Lipopolisacáridos , Ubiquinona , Zeatina , Diarrea/genética , Diarrea/terapia , Terpenos , Agua , Ácido Fólico , Puntos de Acupuntura
4.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 18(1): 663, 2023 Sep 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37674252

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The implication of deregulated circular RNAs in osteoporosis (OP) has gradually been proposed. Herein, we aimed to study the function and mechanism of circ_0001825 in OP using osteogenic-induced human-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). METHODS: The content of genes and proteins was tested by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. The osteogenic differentiation in hMSCs were evaluated by ALP activity and Alizarin Red staining, as well as the detection of osteogenesis-related markers. Cell viability and apoptosis were measured by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry. The binding between miR-1270 and circ_0001825 or SMAD5 (SMAD Family Member 5) was confirmed by using dual-luciferase reporter assay and pull-down assay. RESULTS: Circ_0001825 was lowly expressed in OP patients and osteogenic induced hMSCs. Knockdown of circ_0001825 suppressed hMSC viability and osteogenic differentiation, while circ_0001825 overexpression showed the exact opposite effects. Mechanistically, circ_0001825/miR-1270/SMAD5 formed a feedback loop. MiR-1270 was increased and SMAD5 was decreased in OP patients and osteogenic induced hMSCs. MiR-1270 up-regulation suppressed hMSC viability and osteogenic differentiation, which was reversed by SMAD5 overexpression. Moreover, miR-1270 deficiency abolished the effects of circ_0001825 knockdown on hMSCs. CONCLUSION: Circ_0001825 promoted hMSC viability and osteogenic differentiation via miR-1270/SMAD5 axis, suggesting the potential involvement of circ_0001825 in osteoporosis.


Asunto(s)
Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , MicroARNs , Osteoporosis , Humanos , Osteogénesis/genética , Diferenciación Celular/genética , MicroARNs/genética , Proteína Smad5/genética
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(39): e35356, 2023 Sep 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37773785

RESUMEN

This study aimed to explore the postoperative outcomes of patients who underwent arthroscopic internal fixation with repositioning sutures for the treatment of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion fractures with poorly reduced fracture fragments. It was hypothesized that improperly repositioned fracture fragments might not influence the postoperative clinical outcomes in patients with PCL avulsion fractures treated by arthroscopic sutures. From January 2020 to December 2021, patients admitted to our hospital with PCL avulsion fractures were evaluated. Our inclusion criteria were as follows: diagnosis of PCL avulsion fracture as Meyers & McKeever Type II or Type III; underwent arthroscopic double tunnel suture fixation; and age below 70. Of the patients meeting these criteria, data from 34 individuals were collected by a designated follow-up officer. Based on postoperative imaging, the patients were divided into 2 groups: well fracture reduction and poor fracture reduction groups. Prior to the surgery, the Lysholm score, knee mobility, and international knee documentation committee (IKDC score) were recorded for both groups. At the 3-month post-surgery mark, CT-3D reconstruction was performed. Statistical analysis was conducted on the collected data. For data that conformed to a normal distribution, the t test was applied. For data that didn't conform, we used a non-parametric test. Both groups achieved successful wound healing without encountering any adverse events, such as fracture nonunion infection. Fracture healing was observed in both groups at the 3-month postoperative mark. The average follow-up duration was 13.24 ± 6.18 months. There were no significant differences in Lysholm score, IKDC score, or knee mobility between the well- and poorly-reduced groups at the final follow-up (P > .05). Postoperatively, both groups demonstrated significant improvements in knee function compared to the preoperative scores, with statistically significant differences observed in Lysholm score, IKDC score, and knee mobility (P < .05). Arthroscopic fixation with double-tunnel sutures proved to be a highly effective treatment approach for PCL avulsion fractures, even in cases where the fractures were poorly reduced. Remarkably, there were no significant differences observed in postoperative knee function between the well- and poorly-reduced groups, indicating that both groups achieved favorable outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas por Avulsión , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior , Fracturas de la Tibia , Humanos , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior/cirugía , Fracturas por Avulsión/diagnóstico por imagen , Fracturas por Avulsión/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Articulación de la Rodilla/cirugía , Fracturas de la Tibia/diagnóstico por imagen , Fracturas de la Tibia/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento , Fijación Interna de Fracturas , Artroscopía/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura
6.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 10: 1043775, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37727308

RESUMEN

Background and aims: The left atrial function index (LAFI) is an index that combines the left atrial emptying fraction, adjusted left atrial volume and stroke volume. The prognostic value of LAFI in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. This study aims to determine whether LAFI predicts prognosis in AMI patients treated with PCI. Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed AMI who were treated with PCI at Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from March 2020 to October 2021 were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) at baseline and follow-up. The endpoint events included rehospitalization due to unstable angina, nonfatal myocardial infarction, rehospitalization due to heart failure and cardiovascular death. Results: A total of 368 patients with AMI (92 women; mean age, 61.45 ± 11.91 years) were studied with a median follow-up of 14 ± 6.58 months. Sixty-nine patients had endpoint events. Patients who presented with events had a significantly lower LAFI than patients without events (34.25 ± 12.86 vs. 48.38 ± 19.42, P < 0.0001). Multivariate Cox analysis demonstrated that LAFI (HR = 0.97 [95% CI: 0.95; 0.99]; P = 0.012) and the Killip classification (HR = 1.51 [95% CI: 1.03; 2.22]; P = 0.034) were independently predictive of endpoint events. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that patients with LAFI ≤ 40.17 cm/ml/m2 had higher events than patients with LAFI > 40.17 cm/ml/m2 (HR = 8.53 [95% CI: 4.74; 15.35]; P < 0.0001). Conclusion: LAFI is a strong and independent predictor of adverse events and can be used for risk stratification in patients with AMI treated with PCI.

7.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 11622, 2023 07 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37468560

RESUMEN

Uncertainty in operating parameters during laser thermal pain treatment can yield unreliable results. To ensure reliability and effectiveness, we performed uncertainty analysis and optimization on these parameters. Firstly, we conducted univariate analysis to identify significant operational parameters. Next, an agent model using RBNN regression determined the relationship between these parameters, the constraint function, and the target function. Using interval uncertainty analysis, we obtained confidence distributions and established a nonlinear interval optimization model. Introducing RPDI transformed the model into a deterministic optimization approach. Solving this with a genetic algorithm yielded an optimal solution. The results demonstrate that this solution significantly enhances treatment efficacy while ensuring temperature control stability and reliability. Accounting for parameter uncertainties is crucial for achieving dependable and effective laser thermal pain treatment. These findings have important implications for advancing the clinical application of this treatment and enhancing patient outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Manejo del Dolor , Dolor , Humanos , Incertidumbre , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
8.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 10109, 2023 06 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37344538

RESUMEN

The prognostic value of the left atrial function index (LAFI) in acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. This study sought to determine whether the LAFI predicts prognosis in STEMI patients treated with PCI. Patients with newly diagnosed STEMI who were treated with PCI in Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from March 2020 to October 2020 were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography at baseline and follow-up. The endpoint events included rehospitalization due to unstable angina, nonfatal myocardial infarction, rehospitalization due to heart failure and cardiovascular death. A total of 156 STEMI patients treated with PCI were studied with a median follow-up of 14 months. Forty-eight patients had endpoint events. The LAFI had the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) predicting the endpoint events, with an AUC of 0.90 (95% CI 0.84-0.94). Multivariate Cox analysis demonstrated that only the LAFI (HR: 0.91, 95% CI 0.87-0.96, P < 0.0001) was independently predictive of endpoint events. Kaplan‒Meier survival curves showed that patients with an LAFI ≤ 42.25 cm/cc/m2 had more events than patients with an LAFI > 42.25 cm/cc/m2 (HR: 19.15, 95% CI 8.90-41.21, P < 0.001). The LAFI is a strong and independent predictor of events in STEMI patients treated with PCI.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST , Humanos , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/diagnóstico por imagen , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/cirugía , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea/efectos adversos , Función del Atrio Izquierdo , Estudios Retrospectivos , Infarto del Miocardio/etiología , Pronóstico , Resultado del Tratamiento
9.
Int J Biol Sci ; 19(6): 1910-1924, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37063428

RESUMEN

The stem cell factor (SCF) binds to c-Kit in endothelial cells, thus activating downstream signaling and angiogenesis. Herein, we examined the role of G protein subunit alpha inhibitory (Gαi) proteins in this process. In MEFs and HUVECs, Gαi1/3 was associated with SCF-activated c-Kit, promoting c-Kit endocytosis, and binding of key adaptor proteins, subsequently transducing downstream signaling. SCF-induced Akt-mTOR and Erk activation was robustly attenuated by Gαi1/3 silencing or knockout (KO), or due to dominant negative mutations but was strengthened substantially following ectopic overexpression of Gαi1/3. SCF-induced HUVEC proliferation, migration, and capillary tube formation were suppressed after Gαi1/3 silencing or KO, or due to dominant negative mutations. In vivo, endothelial knockdown of Gαi1/3 by intravitreous injection of endothelial-specific shRNA adeno-associated virus (AAV) potently reduced SCF-induced signaling and retinal angiogenesis in mice. Moreover, mRNA and protein expressions of SCF increased significantly in the retinal tissues of streptozotocin-induced diabetic retinopathy (DR) mice. SCF silencing, through intravitreous injection of SCF shRNA AAV, inhibited pathological retinal angiogenesis and degeneration of retinal ganglion cells in DR mice. Finally, the expression of SCF and c-Kit increased in proliferative retinal tissues of human patients with proliferative DR. Taken together, Gαi1/3 mediate SCF/c-Kit-activated signaling and angiogenesis.


Asunto(s)
Células Endoteliales , Transducción de Señal , Animales , Humanos , Ratones , Proteínas Adaptadoras Transductoras de Señales/metabolismo , Células Endoteliales/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-kit/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-kit/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Quinasas Receptoras/metabolismo , ARN Interferente Pequeño/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal/genética , Factor de Células Madre/genética , Factor de Células Madre/metabolismo , Subunidades alfa de la Proteína de Unión al GTP Gi-Go/metabolismo
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(45): e31760, 2022 Nov 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397384

RESUMEN

In the present study, we aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic discoid lateral meniscus (DLM) plasty and the adaptive changes in the patellofemoral joint after surgery. From September 2010 to March 2012, 25 patients with DLM injuries who underwent arthroscopic meniscus plasty were enrolled in the prospective study. All patients underwent clinical evaluation before the operation and at the last follow-up, and imaging evaluation was performed by upright magnetic resonance imaging before and 1 month after the operation as well as at the last follow-up. Clinical evaluation included Lysholm score, Kujala score, McMurray's sign, patellar mobility, patella grind test, and quadriceps atrophy. Imaging evaluation included bisect offset index, patella tilt angle (PTA), and cartilage damage. Lysholm score, Kujala score, McMurray's sign, and quadriceps atrophy at the last follow-up were significantly improved compared with the preoperative levels (P < .05). At the last follow-up, there were no statistical differences in patella mobility and patella grind test compared with the preoperative levels. In addition, bisect offset index and PTA showed a dynamic trend of rising and then falling over time (P < .05). At 1 month after the operation, bisect offset index and PTA were significantly increased compared with the preoperative levels or the values at the last follow-up (P < .05), while there were no differences between the preoperation and the last follow-up. Cartilage damage became worse with time (P < 0.05), and the 2 were positively correlated (Spearman = 0.368). At the last follow-up, the degree of cartilage damage was significantly increased compared with the preoperative level (P < .017), while there was no significant difference between the 1-month postoperative grade and the preoperational grade or the last follow-up grade. The effect of arthroscopic DLM plasty on the patellofemoral joint was dynamic, with the position of the patella deviating in the early stages and recovering in the mid-term, especially when the knee was in the biomechanical standing position. In addition, the patellofemoral joint cartilage might undergo accelerated degeneration after the operation, while the mid-term effect of the operation was positive, and the patellofemoral joint function was acceptable.


Asunto(s)
Artropatías , Articulación Patelofemoral , Humanos , Articulación Patelofemoral/diagnóstico por imagen , Articulación Patelofemoral/cirugía , Meniscos Tibiales/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Atrofia/patología
12.
J Neuropathol Exp Neurol ; 81(10): 836-849, 2022 09 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35818332

RESUMEN

Dexmedetomidine (Dex) is neuroprotective in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) by suppressing inflammation but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not known. SNW domain-containing protein 1 (SNW1) is a coactivator of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor NF-κB p65. Because SNW1 is regulated by O-GlcNAcylation, we aimed to determine whether this modification influences NF-κB transcriptional activity in neurons undergoing I/R and how Dex may affect the O-GlcNAcylation of SNW1. SH-SY5Y and PC12 cells under hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) conditions were treated with Dex and with inhibitors of O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). O-GlcNAc levels in SNW1 and effects of SNW1 on NF-κB p65 were determined by immunoprecipitation. H/R increased SNW1 protein levels but inhibited O-GlcNAcylation of SNW1. A Luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that increased SNW1 levels led to increased NF-κB p65 activity and increased secretion of neuron-derived inflammatory factors demonstrated by ELISA. Dex reversed the H/R-induced increase of SNW1 protein by upregulating OGT and enhancing O-GlcNAcylation of SNW1. Dex suppression of the SNW1/NF-κB complex resulted in neuroprotection in vitro and in a middle cerebral artery occlusion model in vivo. PKA and ERK1/2 inhibitors abolished the effect of Dex on OGT protein. Taken together, these data indicate that Dex inhibits NF-κB-transcriptional activity in neurons undergoing I/R by regulating O-GlcNAcylation of SNW1.


Asunto(s)
Dexmedetomidina , Neuroblastoma , Animales , Dexmedetomidina/farmacología , Humanos , Isquemia , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Neuronas/metabolismo , Coactivadores de Receptor Nuclear/metabolismo , Ratas , Reperfusión
13.
J Cell Mol Med ; 26(15): 4371-4385, 2022 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35762300

RESUMEN

The mechanism underlying induction of periprosthetic osteolysis by wear particles remains unclear. In this study, cultured MLO-Y4 osteocytic cells were exposed to different concentrations of titanium (Ti) particles. The results showed that Ti particles increased expression of the osteocytic marker SOST/sclerostin in a dose-dependent manner, accelerated apoptosis of MLO-Y4 cells, increased the expression of IL-6, TNF-α and connexin 43. SOST silence alleviated the increase of MLO-Y4 cells apoptosis, decreased the expression of IL-6, TNF-α and connexin 43 caused by Ti particles. The different co-culture systems of MLO-Y4 cells with MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells were further used to observe the effects of osteocytic cells' changes induced by Ti particles on osteoblastic cells. MLO-Y4 cells treated with Ti particles inhibited dramatically differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells mostly through direct cell-to-cell contact. SOST silence attenuated the inhibition effects of Ti-induced MLO-Y4 on MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic differentiation, which ALP level and mineralization of MC3T3-E1 cells increased and the expression of ALP, OCN and Runx2 increased compared to the Ti-treated group. Taken together, Ti particles had negative effects on MLO-Y4 cells and the impact of Ti particles on osteocytic cells was extensive, which may further inhibit osteoblastic differentiation mostly through intercellular contact directly. SOST/sclerostin plays an important role in the process of mutual cell interaction. These findings may help to understand the effect of osteocytes in wear particle-induced osteolysis.


Asunto(s)
Osteocitos , Osteólisis , Proteínas Adaptadoras Transductoras de Señales , Diferenciación Celular , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteólisis/metabolismo , Titanio/toxicidad , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
14.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 818610, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35350185

RESUMEN

There is no consensus about the optimal internal fixation selection for treatment of posterolateral tibial plateau fracture. This study described a novel plate through an anterolateral approach for posterolateral tibial plateau fractures (PTPFs). We evaluated the biomechanical performance of a novel plate and two conventional internal implants and investigated the anatomic feasibility of the novel plate. The fracture models were randomly assigned into six groups: Groups A-C were the model groups of posterolateral split fracture, fixed with the posterior buttress plate, the lateral locking plate, and the novel plate, respectively. Groups D-E were the model groups of posterolateral depression fracture, fixed with the posterior buttress plate, the lateral locking plate, and the novel plate, respectively. We evaluated the biomechanical performance of six model groups by the biomechanical testing and finite element analysis. Progressively increasing axial compressive loads were applied to each synthetic fracture model by using a customized indentor under 250-750 N loads. Meanwhile, we dissected 12 fresh frozen knee specimens and fixed them with the novel plate through the anterolateral approach. We recorded the adjacency of the novel plate to important anatomic structures. Biomechanical testing showed that the novel plate had the least displacement, followed by the posterior buttress plate, and the lateral plate had the most displacement in posterolateral split fracture. There was no significant difference in the displacement between the novel plate and the lateral plate at different loads in posterolateral depression fractures. And the posterior buttress plate showed the most displacement. In the finite element analysis, the maximum stress values of Groups A, B, and C were 383.76, 414.63, and 305.07 MPa under the load of 750 N, respectively. The maximum stress values of Groups D, E, and F were 474.28, 436.31, and 413.4 MPa under the load of 750 N, respectively. In the anatomic study, the placement of the novel plate had a low risk of damage to the important anatomic structures of knee posterolateral corner. The novel plate could be a great choice for the treatment of PTPFs due to better biomechanical performance and easy manipulation.

15.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 1565-1573, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35210828

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study's goal was to explore risk factors affecting short-term prognosis of cardiorenal syndrome type 1 (CRS1) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis of CRS1 in AMI patients hospitalized from January 2011 to December 2014, the patients were classified into deceased or survivor groups. Clinical data, including demographics, laboratory results, and 28-day outcomes, were collected. RESULTS: The incidence rate of CRS1 in AMI patients was 15.2% (274 in 1801). Ultimately, 88 patients were enrolled and 25 (28.4%) were classified into the deceased group, while 63 were classified into the survivor group. There were statistically significant differences between the groups for hypertension, mechanical ventilation, KIDGO stage, NT-proBNP, Hb, ALB, PCI, decreased LVEF, 7th-day SCr value, and the highest SCr value recorded within 7 days (all P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression showed that the following factors were significantly related to whether a patient died: requiring mechanical ventilation, increased NT-proBNP levels and 7th-day SCr values, and decreased LVEFs. The APACHE II, SOFA, and SASP II scores on the 7th day were significantly higher in the deceased group (all P < 0.05). The accuracy of APACHE II, SOFA, and SASP II scores on the 7th day for predicting death were 84.1%, 78.4% and 79.5%, respectively. The AUC of 7th-day APACHE II, SOFA, and SASP II scores was 0.844, 0.803, and 0.827, respectively, with no statistically significant differences between the three scores (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The mortality rate of CRS1 in AMI patients was 28.4% (25 in 88) within 28 days. Mechanical ventilation, increased NT-proBNP levels, the 7th-day SCr value, and decreased LVEF were related to death in AMI patients with CRS1. APACHE II, SOFA, and SAPS II scores on the 7th day were satisfactorily accurate in predicting death within 28 days.

16.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(7): 679, 2021 07 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226516

RESUMEN

An ultra-large structure-based virtual screening has discovered iKeap1 as a direct Keap1 inhibitor that can efficiently activate Nrf2 signaling. We here tested its potential effect against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative injury in osteoblasts. In primary murine and human osteoblasts, iKeap1 robustly activated Nrf2 signaling at micromole concentrations. iKeap1 disrupted Keap1-Nrf2 association, causing Nrf2 protein stabilization, cytosol accumulation and nuclear translocation in murine and human osteoblasts. The anti-oxidant response elements (ARE) activity and transcription of Nrf2-ARE-dependent genes (including HO1, NQO1 and GCLC) were increased as well. Significantly, iKeap1 pretreatment largely ameliorated H2O2-induced reactive oxygen species production, lipid peroxidation and DNA damage as well as cell apoptosis and programmed necrosis in osteoblasts. Moreover, dexamethasone- and nicotine-induced oxidative injury and apoptosis were alleviated by iKeap1. Importantly, Nrf2 shRNA or CRISPR/Cas9-induced Nrf2 knockout completely abolished iKeap1-induced osteoblast cytoprotection against H2O2. Conversely, CRISPR/Cas9-induced Keap1 knockout induced Nrf2 cascade activation and mimicked iKeap1-induced cytoprotective actions in murine osteoblasts. iKeap1 was ineffective against H2O2 in the Keap1-knockout murine osteoblasts. Collectively, iKeap1 activated Nrf2 signaling cascade to inhibit H2O2-induced oxidative injury and death of osteoblasts.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes/farmacología , Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Peróxido de Hidrógeno/toxicidad , Proteína 1 Asociada A ECH Tipo Kelch/antagonistas & inhibidores , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/efectos de los fármacos , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Animales , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Proteína 1 Asociada A ECH Tipo Kelch/metabolismo , Peroxidación de Lípido/efectos de los fármacos , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/genética , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/patología , Transducción de Señal
17.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 40(5): 827-835, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000584

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of moxibustion and acupuncture of Zusanli (ST 36) and Zhongwan (CV 12) acupoints on chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) in rats, and to study the mechanisms behind their actions. METHODS: Forty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were induced with CAG by intragastric administration of 40% ethanol combined with free drinking of N-methyl-N'nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and irregular feeding for 12 weeks, followed by daily treatment with moxibustion or acupuncture for 2 weeks. Histopathologic examination, Western blotting of cytokines [epidermal growth factor (EGF), EGF receptor (EGFR), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK)], and 1H NMR-based metabolic profiling of gastric tissues were used to measure changes related to CAG modeling and treatment. RESULTS: Moxibustion and acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) and Zhongwan (CV 12) each relieved CAG-induced abnormalities in histopathology and cytokine expression of ERK and p-ERK. Only moxibustion treatment regulated the expression of EGF and EGFR. Metabolites that were increased in gastric tissue by CAG induction (alanine, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, uracil DNA glycosylase, lactate, glycerol and adenosine) were restored to normal levels after moxibustion treatment; acupuncture treatment only normalized the levels of adenosine monophosphate and glycerol. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that moxibustion or acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) and Zhongwan (CV 12) can significantly improve the condition of CAG in rats. These treatments exert their effects on CAG through different mechanisms.


Asunto(s)
Puntos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura , Gastritis Atrófica/terapia , Moxibustión , Animales , Factor de Crecimiento Epidérmico/genética , Factor de Crecimiento Epidérmico/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Gastritis Atrófica/genética , Gastritis Atrófica/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 15(1): 196, 2020 Oct 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006671

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a type of nasopharyngeal disease with high metastasis and invasion properties. Tumor-associated alternative activated (M2) macrophages are evidenced to connect with NPC. Based on this, this study purposes to explore the mechanism and participation of microRNA-18a (miR-18a) from M2 macrophages in NPC. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were differentiated to macrophages and macrophages were polarized to M2 type by interleukin-4. SUNE-1 and CNE2 cells were transfected with restored or depleted miR-18a or transforming growth factor-beta III receptor (TGFBR3) to explore their roles in NPC progression with the involvement of the TGF-ß signaling pathway. Next, SUNE-1 and CNE2 cells were co-cultured with M2 macrophages that had been treated with restored or depleted miR-18a or TGFBR3 to comprehend their combined roles in NPC with the involvement of the TGF-ß signaling pathway. RESULTS: MiR-18a was highly expressed and TGFBR3 was lowly expressed in NPC cells. MiR-18a restoration, TGFBR3 knockdown or co-culture with miR-18a mimics, or si-TGFBR3-transfected M2 macrophages promoted SUNE-1 cell progression, tumor growth in mice, decreased p-Smad1/t-Smad1, and elevated p-Smad3/t-Smad3. miR-18a downregulation, TGFBR3 overexpression, or co-culture with miR-18a inhibitors or OE-TGFBR3-transfected M2 macrophages depressed CNE2 cell progression, tumor growth in mice, increased p-Smad1/t-Smad1, and decreased p-Smad3/t-Smad3. CONCLUSION: Our study elucidates that miR-18a from M2 macrophages results in promoted NPC cell progression and tumor growth in nude mice via TGFBR3 repression, along with the Smad1 inactivation and Smad3 activation.

19.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(9): 772, 2020 09 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943614

RESUMEN

Four-octyl itaconate (4-OI) is the cell-permeable derivative of itaconate that can activate Nrf2 signaling by alkylating Keap1's cysteine residues. Here, we tested the potential effect of 4-OI on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative injury in osteoblasts. In OB-6 cells and primary murine osteoblasts, 4-OI was able to activate Nrf2 signaling cascade and cause Keap1-Nrf2 disassociation, Nrf2 protein stabilization, cytosol accumulation, and nuclear translocation. 4-OI also augmented antioxidant-response element reporter activity and promoted expression of Nrf2-dependent genes (HO1, NQO1, and GCLC). Pretreatment with 4-OI inhibited H2O2-induced reactive oxygen species production, cell death, and apoptosis in osteoblasts. Furthermore, 4-OI inhibited H2O2-induced programmed necrosis by suppressing mitochondrial depolarization, mitochondrial cyclophilin D-ANT1 (adenine nucleotide translocase 1)-p53 association, and cytosol lactate dehydrogenase release in osteoblasts. Ectopic overexpression of immunoresponsive gene 1 (IRG1) increased endogenous itaconate production and activated Nrf2 signaling cascade, thereby inhibiting H2O2-induced oxidative injury and cell death. In OB-6 cells, Nrf2 silencing or CRISPR/Cas9-induced Nrf2 knockout blocked 4-OI-induced osteoblast cytoprotection against H2O2. Conversely, forced Nrf2 activation, by CRISPR/Cas9-induced Keap1 knockout, mimicked 4-OI-induced actions in OB-6 cells. Importantly, 4-OI was ineffective against H2O2 in Keap1-knockout cells. Collectively, 4-OI efficiently activates Nrf2 signaling to inhibit H2O2-induced oxidative injury and death of osteoblasts.


Asunto(s)
Peróxido de Hidrógeno/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/efectos de los fármacos , Estrés Oxidativo , Succinatos/farmacología , Transporte Activo de Núcleo Celular , Fosfatasa Alcalina/metabolismo , Animales , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptosis , Carboxiliasas/metabolismo , Diferenciación Celular , Supervivencia Celular , Citosol/metabolismo , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Silenciador del Gen , Humanos , Hidroliasas/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Asociada A ECH Tipo Kelch/metabolismo , Ratones , Necrosis , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Transducción de Señal
20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(7): 6109-6119, 2020 04 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259797

RESUMEN

Oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD)-reoxygenation (OGDR) induces oxidative injury to endometrial cells in vitro. We tested the potential effect of ginsenoside Rh3 (GRh3) in the process. Our results show that GRh3 activated Nrf2 signaling in T-HESC cells and primary murine endometrial cells. GRh3 induced Nrf2 Ser-40 phosphorylation and Keap1-Nrf2 disassociation, causing Nrf2 protein stabilization and nuclear translocation, which led to transcription and expression of antioxidant response element-dependent genes (HO1, NQO1 and GCLC). In T-HESC cells and primary murine endometrial cells, GRh3 potently attenuated OGDR-induced reactive oxygen species production, lipid peroxidation and mitochondrial depolarization, as well as cell viability reduction and necrosis. Activation of Nrf2 is required for GRh3-induced anti-OGDR actions in endometrial cells. Nrf2 inhibition, by Nrf2 shRNA, knockout (through CRISPR-Cas9-editing) or S40T mutation, abolished GRh3-induced endometrial cell protection against OGDR. Additionally, forced activation of Nrf2, by Keap1 knockout, mimicked and nullified GRh3-induced anti-OGDR actions in T-HESC cells. Together, we conclude that GRh3 protects endometrial cells from OGDR via activation of Nrf2 signaling.


Asunto(s)
Endometrio/metabolismo , Ginsenósidos/farmacología , Glucosa/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Asociada A ECH Tipo Kelch/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Oxígeno/metabolismo , Animales , Células Cultivadas , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Femenino , Ratones , Estrés Oxidativo/fisiología , Fosforilación , Sustancias Protectoras/farmacología , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos
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