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1.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 26(7): 739-746, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35842765

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Quantifying the number of older adults that are food insecure in a specific geographic area is critical in developing and scaling public health prevention and response programs at the local level. However, current estimates of older adult food insecurity only consider financial constraints, following the same methodology as the general population, even though the drivers for older adults are different and multidimensional. This study aims to build a general approach to quantify the food-insecurity among older adults at the local level, using publicly available data that can be easily obtained across the country. METHODS: 13 risk factors for food insecurity among older adults were identified leveraging existing studies, following the Social Ecological Model (SEM), and the weighted impact of each factor was determined. Publicly available data sources were identified for each factor, ZIP code level data was compared to national averages, and the weighted data for each factor were aggregated to determine the overall food insecurity at the local level. RESULTS: Based on the averaged odds ratios across all the studies, of the 13 risk factors, beyond financial constraints, having a disability was the most impactful factor and distance to the nearest grocery store was the least impactful. A ZIP code level model of Honolulu County was developed as an example to demonstrate the approach, showing that food insecurity among older adults in the county was 2.5 times that which was reported from the Current Population Survey (16.5% versus 6.5%). CONCLUSION: This evidence-based model considered factors that impact food insecurity among older adults across all the spheres of the SEM. The drivers of food insecurity among older adults are different than the drivers for the general population, resulting in a higher percentage of older adults being food insecure than currently reported.


Asunto(s)
Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Salud Pública , Anciano , Inseguridad Alimentaria , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Factores de Riesgo
3.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(1): 3-11, 2022 Jan 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570351

RESUMEN

Decoction of Powdered (Herbal) Formulae or Zhu-San Fa () is a decoction method. The entire herbal formula was initially crushed into a coarse powder, a small portion of the crushed medicine was then decocted with a little volume of water for each serving. Zhu-San Fa appeared in the Jin Dynasty and was developed in the Tang Dynasty. It became widespread during the Northern and Southern Song Dynasties. The prevalence of Zhu-San Fa during the Song Dynasties led to the change of measurement reference with the character Zhan (- a cup-like daily utensil used for liquids), from the volume for decoction to the volume for water used. This change was a landmark because it helped determine the formation period of ancient manuscripts and therefore was used to investigate the formation period of TCM literature. This helped demonstrate the chronology relationship of the two versions of Jin Gui Yao Lue(Synopsis of the Golden Chambers).


Asunto(s)
Medicina Tradicional China , Semántica , China , Publicaciones , Agua
4.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(2): 304-314, 2022 Apr 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435197

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect of microsurgery and endovascular embolization in the treatment of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) by meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic review was performed to retrieve all relevant literature about surgical treatment or endovascular embolization of SDAVF up to December 2019 through PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials Results, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and SinoMed. The Chinese and English key words included: "SDAVF", "spinal dural arteriovenous fistula", "spinal AVM", "spinal vascular malformation and treatment". The included studies were evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The early failure rate, long-term recurrence, neurological recovery, and complications were evaluated and the clinical effects of the two methods in the treatment of SDAVF were compared by using RevMan 5.3 software. And a further subgroup analysis of the therapeutic effect of endovascular embolization with different embolic agents was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 46 studies involving 1 958 cases of SDAVF were included, in which 935 cases were treated by microsurgery and 1 023 cases were treated by endovascular embolization. The funnel plot demonstrated that there was no publication bias. The results of meta-analysis showed that the incidence of early surgical failure was lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.20, 95%CI: 0.13-0.30, P < 0.05), and the long-term recurrence was also lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.36, 95%CI: 0.22-0.58, P < 0.05). The improvement of neurological function in the surgical patients is significantly higher than that in the patients treated with endovascular embolization (OR=2.86, 95%CI: 1.36-5.99, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the occurrence of complications in these two groups (OR=1.52, 95%CI: 0.88-2.64, P=0.14). In the cases of endovascular embolization, the risk of treatment failure or recurrence was higher with Onyx glue than with n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), and the difference was statistically significant (OR=4.70, 95%CI: 1.55-14.28, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Although the treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas by intravascular embolization has been widely used, the clinical effect of microsurgery is still better than that of endovascular embolization. Large scale and high-quality randomized controlled trials are required to validate the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment in SDAVF patients.


Asunto(s)
Malformaciones Vasculares del Sistema Nervioso Central , Embolización Terapéutica , Enbucrilato , Procedimientos Endovasculares , Malformaciones Vasculares del Sistema Nervioso Central/tratamiento farmacológico , Malformaciones Vasculares del Sistema Nervioso Central/cirugía , Embolización Terapéutica/métodos , Enbucrilato/uso terapéutico , Procedimientos Endovasculares/métodos , Humanos , Microcirugia/métodos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
5.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 30(1): 45-51, 2022 Jan 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626860

RESUMEN

Objective: To compare the effects of artesunate (Art) and fuzheng huayu decoction on mitochondrial autophagy in the treatment of schistosomiasis liver fibrosis. Methods: Eighty C57BL/6 female mice were randomly divided into healthy control group, infection group, Art treatment group and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group, with 20 mice in each group. Mice in the infection group and treatment group were infected with 16 Schistosoma japonicum cercariae. After 6 weeks, praziquantel (300 mg/kg) was used for 2 days to kill the worms. The Art treatment group was treated with intraperitoneal injection of 100 mg/kg/day, while the Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group was fed 16g of fuzheng huayu decoction per 1kg per day. After 6 weeks, fresh liver tissues of the four groups were collected. Masson staining and Western blot were used to observe the succinate dehydrogenase subunit A (SDHA) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH2), citrate synthase (CS), ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (OGDH), and target of rapamycin 1 (mTORC1) pathway involved in mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle in liver tissues. The relative expression levels of adenylate activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mitochondrial autophagy pathway kinase (PINK1) were detected. Liver tissue samples were extracted from each group to detect the mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate. Two-way ANOVA was used to compare the significance and difference between two sets of samples. Results: Masson staining showed that the infection group mice had significantly higher liver fibrosis area than the healthy control group, while the Art treatment group and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group mice had lower liver fibrosis area than the infection group. Western blot analysis showed that the infection group (0.82 ± 0.05) had significantly lower relative expression of SDHA protein than the healthy control group (1.00 ± 0.05) (t = 11.23, P = 0.0035), while the Art treatment group (0.73 ± 0.05) had significantly higher relative expression of SDHA protein than the infection group (t = 10.79, P = 0.0073). However, there was no significant change in Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group (0.98±0.05) (t = 1.925, P = 0.1266). The relative expression of p-AMPK protein was significantly higher in the infection group (1.15 ±0.05) than in the healthy control group (0.98 ± 0.07, t = 12.18, P = 0.0029), and the expression of p-AMPK in the Art treatment group (0.50 ± 0.05) was significantly lower than the infection group (t = 11.78, P = 0.0032). The relative protein expression of AMPK was significantly lower in the infection group (0.80 ± 0.05) than in the healthy control group (1.00 ± 0.05, t = 10.53, P = 0.0046). The expression of AMPK was significantly lower in the Art treatment group (0.54 ± 0.05) than in the infection group (T = 13.98, P = 0.0036). The relative expression of p-mTORC1 protein (0.93 ± 0.08) was not significantly different in the infection group than in the healthy control group (t = 2.28, P = 0.065), while the Art treatment group (0.63 ± 0.05) had significantly lower relative expression of p-mTORC1 protein than the infection group (t = 10.58, P = 0.029). The expression of p-mTORC1/ m-TORC1 was not significantly different in the infection group (0.98 ± 0.03) than in the healthy control group (0.97 ± 0.03, t = 0.98, P = 0.085), while the Art treatment group (0.63 ± 0.05) had significantly lower relative expression of p-mTORC1/ m-TORC1 than the infection group (t = 14.58, P = 0. 009). The relative protein expression of PINK1 was significantly lower in the infection group (0.55 ± 0.05) than in the healthy control group (1.00 ± 0.03, t = 13.49, P = 0.0011), while the Art treatment group (1.21 ± 0.05, t = 9.98, P = 0.0046) and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group (1.31 ±0.35, t = 6.98, P = 0.027) had significantly higher relative protein expression of PINK1 than the infection group. Mitochondrial function tests showed that after adding substrate complex II, the oxygen consumption of the infection group was lower than the healthy control group, while the Art treatment group and the Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group had higher oxygen consumption than the infection group. The oxygen consumption was significantly lower after adding the substrate complex III in the infection group than the healthy control group, while the Art treatment group and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group had higher oxygen consumption than the infection group. Conclusion: Art can alleviate schistosomiasis liver fibrosis by inhibiting AMPK/mTORC1 signaling pathway activity and enhancing mitochondrial oxygen consumption, autophagy and SDHA expression.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Esquistosomiasis , Animales , Artesunato , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/farmacología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/uso terapéutico , Femenino , Cirrosis Hepática/tratamiento farmacológico , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Mitocondrias
6.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 45(2): 261-273, 2022 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455568

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of liraglutide/liraglutide + metformin in overweight/obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: The related literatures published until April 2021 were searched in PubMed, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EmBase. RESULTS: Six randomized controlled trials of 127 related articles were obtained through searching. Three articles compared liraglutide with metformin, and four articles compared liraglutide combined with metformin with metformin. Our meta-analysis suggests that liraglutide was superior to metformin only in weight loss [MD = - 2.74, 95% CI (- 4.29, - 1.18), P = 0.0006]. Compared with metformin group, the combination group had significant advantages in weight loss [MD = - 3.81, 95% CI (- 5.16, - 2.46), P < 0.001], BMI [MD = - 2.59, 95% CI (- 3.12, - 2.07), P < 0.001], waist circumference [MD = - 6.26, 95% CI (- 7.79, - 4.72), P < 0.001], fasting blood glucose [MD = - 0.59, 95% CI (- 0.74, - 0.44), P < 0.001] and fasting insulin [MD = - 1.52, 95% CI (- 2.69, - 0.35), P = 0.01], while the incidence of adverse reactions was relatively high [RR = 2.91, 95% CI (1.55, 5.46), P = 0.00009]. CONCLUSION: The present results indicate that liraglutide and metformin have the similar effects in the treatment of overweight/obese PCOS patients. Liraglutide combined with metformin is more effective than metformin in improving PCOS, but it is necessary to master the correct medication method to reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions.


Asunto(s)
Liraglutida/farmacología , Metformina/farmacología , Obesidad/tratamiento farmacológico , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico/tratamiento farmacológico , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada/efectos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos/etiología , Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos/prevención & control , Femenino , Humanos , Hipoglucemiantes/farmacología , Administración del Tratamiento Farmacológico , Obesidad/complicaciones , Obesidad/metabolismo , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico/complicaciones , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico/metabolismo , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(12): 1304-1309, 2021 Dec 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915641

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the application value of the conditional disease-free survival (cDFS) analysis in predicting prognosis of stage-specific rectal cancer patients underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT). Methods: Clinicopathologic data of 436 patients with rectal cancer received nCRT and radical operation in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between January 2004 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. With reference to conditional probability, the 3-year cDFS of patients at different ypTNM stage after completion of nCRT was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: There were 66 patients of ypTNM stage 0 (pathological complete response), 87 patients of ypTNM stage Ⅰ, 135 patients of ypTNM stage Ⅱ and 148 patients of ypTNM stage Ⅲ. The 3-year accumulated DFS of patients with ypTNM stage 0, ypTNM stage Ⅰ, ypTNM stage Ⅱ, and ypTNM stage Ⅲ were 97.0%, 93.1%, 85.2%, and 64.2%, respectively. On the condition of postoperactive disease-free survival for 1 year, 2 years, 3 years, 4 years, and 5 years, the corresponding 3-year cDFS of patients at ypTNM stage 0 were 97.0%, 95.5%, 96.9%, 98.4%, 100.0%, respectively. The corresponding 3-year cDFS of patients at ypTNM Ⅲ were 68.2%, 79.3%, 86.3%, 92.1%, 96.4%, respectively. The more advanced ypTNM staging resulted in the more improvement of 3-year cDFS being acquired. Conclusion: cDFS is a better method to reflect the dynamic changes of the prognosis of rectal cancer patients with nCRT in different ypTNM stage, and it is useful to guide the clinicians to assess the prognosis and propose appropriate surveillance.


Asunto(s)
Terapia Neoadyuvante , Neoplasias del Recto , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Humanos , Neoplasias del Recto/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34961645

RESUMEN

Accurate reduction is of vital importance in the treatment of zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures. Computer-assisted navigation systems (CANS) have been employed in ZMC fractures to improve the accuracy of surgical reduction. However, randomized controlled trials on this subject are rare and the benefits of CANS remain controversial. The aim of this study was to compare reduction errors between navigation-aided and conventional surgical treatment for ZMC fractures. Thirty-eight patients with unilateral type B ZMC fractures were enrolled. Preoperative computed tomography data were imported into ProPlan software for virtual surgical planning. Open reduction and internal fixation was performed with CANS (experimental group) or without CANS (control group). Postoperative computed tomography scans were obtained to examine the difference between surgical planning and the actual postoperative outcome, namely reduction errors. The median translational reduction errors in the X, Y, and Z axes were 0.80 mm, 0.40 mm, and 0.80 mm, respectively, in the experimental group and 0.53 mm, 0.86 mm, and 0.83 mm, respectively, in the control group (P > 0.05). The median rotational reduction errors in pitch, roll, and yaw were 0.92°, 2.47°, and 1.54°, respectively, in the experimental group and 1.45°, 3.68°, and 0.76°, respectively, in the control group (P > 0.05). In conclusion, compared with conventional reduction surgery, navigation-aided surgery showed no significant improvement in reduction accuracy in the treatment of type B ZMC fractures (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, registration number ChiCTR1800015559).

9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1246-1251, 2021 Jul 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814539

RESUMEN

Objective: To estimate the hospitalization rate of Haemophilus (H.) influenzae associated community-acquired pneumonia in children under 5 years in Suzhou. Methods: From 2010 to 2014, medical records and bacteriology results of children under 5 years hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia in Children's Hospital of Soochow University were collected, retrospectively. Detection rate of H. influenzae was describe. The hospitalization rate of H. influenzae associated community-acquired pneumonia was estimated using the number of local children in urban area of Suzhou, which was obtained from the immunization platform of Suzhou Center for Disease Prevention and Control. Results: A total of 28 043 hospitalized pneumonia cases were included from 2010 to 2014, in which 19 526 (69.63%) had bacteriological examination. The overall detection rate of H. influenzae was 11.06% (2 160/19 526), and children aged 12-23 months had the highest positive rate (14.29%, 550/3 850), and the rate was higher during winter-spring than during summer-autumn (χ2=455.11,P<0.01). The average hospitalization rate of H. influenzae associated pneumonia in children under 5 years was 760.36/100 000 (95%CI: 733.70/100 000-787.01/100 000), which was higher in winter and spring (898.79/100 000 and 1 249.52/100 000) than in summer and autumn (514.35/100 000 and 359.04/100 000), and the hospitalization rate was higher in boys (942.12/100 000) than in girls (563.76/100 000), the differences were all significant (P<0.01). The highest hospitalization rate was observed in children aged 1-5 months (2 478.31/100 000) and the hospitalization rate decreased with age (χ2=2 129.80, P<0.01). Conclusion: There was a considerable burden of H. influenzae associated community-acquired pneumonia in children under 5 years in Suzhou, especially in children under 6 months.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Comunitarias Adquiridas , Neumonía , Niño , Preescolar , Infecciones Comunitarias Adquiridas/epidemiología , Femenino , Haemophilus influenzae , Hospitalización , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Neumonía/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 56(10): 1035-1041, 2021 Oct 07.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666463

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the short-term efficacy of anti-IgE monoclonal antibody (Omalizumab) in the treatment of recurrent chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) complicated with asthma. Methods: Patients with recurrent CRSwNP and comorbid asthma in Beijing TongRen Hospital from May to December of 2020 were continuously recruited and received a 4-month therapy of stable background treatment plus Omalizumab. Results of visual analog scales (VAS) of nasal symptoms, sino-nasal outcome test-22 (SNOT 22) and nasal polyp scores were collected at baseline and post-treatment (1, 2, 3 and 4 months after treatment). Blood routine tests, total nasal resistances (TNR), minimum cross-sectional areas (MCA), total nasal cavity volumes (NCV), forced expiratory volumes in one second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) and adverse events were collected at baseline and 4 months after treatment. All results were evaluated for short-term efficacy of Omalizumab. GraphPad Prism 8.2.1 was used for statistic analysis. Results: Ten patients were collected, including 3 males and 7 females, aged (41.13±12.64) years old (x¯±s). Compared to results at baseline, the VAS scores of nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, hyposmia and headache after 4 months treatment were significantly decreased (1.80±1.48 vs 6.70±2.83, 2.40±1.27 vs 6.40±3.44, 2.70±2.91 vs 8.20±2.25, 0.60±1.08 vs 3.60±2.72, t value was 5.045, 4.243, 5.312, 3.402, respectively, all P<0.01). The scores of SNOT-22 (25.6±20 vs 61.3±33.32, t=4.127, P=0.002 6), nasal polyp scores (2.20±0.92 vs 4.60±0.84, t=9.000, P<0.01) and the count and percentage of eosinophils in peripheral blood were significantly decreased ((94.10±97.78)×109/L vs (360.00±210.80)×109/L, (32.90±27.06)% vs (64.40±20.73)%, t value was 3.678, 2.957, respectively, all P<0.05). NCV (0-5 cm and 0-7 cm) of patients were improved from baseline ((12.62±2.84) cm3 vs (10.40±2.09) cm3, (27.50±14.15) cm3 vs (16.81±6.40) cm3, t value was 2.371, 2.445, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusions: The 4-month treatment of Omalizumab can significantly improve the nasal symptoms and quality of life of patients with recurrent CRSwNP complicated with asthma, shrink nasal polyps size and reduce the number of peripheral blood eosinophils. Omalizumab can be used as an alternative therapy for refractory CRSwNP patients in the future.


Asunto(s)
Asma , Pólipos Nasales , Rinitis , Adulto , Anticuerpos Antiidiotipos , Asma/complicaciones , Asma/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad Crónica , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pólipos Nasales/complicaciones , Pólipos Nasales/tratamiento farmacológico , Omalizumab/uso terapéutico , Calidad de Vida , Rinitis/complicaciones , Rinitis/tratamiento farmacológico
12.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(10): 1082-1087, 2021 Oct 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695899

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the risk factors for regional lymph node (RLN) metastasis in colorectal cancer patients with mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR). Methods: The data of 357 dMMR colorectal cancer patients who underwent surgery in National Cancer Center from January 2012 to December 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to identify the risk factors for RLN metastasis. Results: Among the 357 patients, 204 were male and 153 were female, 61.6% (220/357) lesion located in right half colon, while the other 16.2% (58/357) located in rectum. Univariate analysis showed that tumor size, differentiation, lymphovascular invasion, tumor deposit, postoperative pathologic T stage (pT), the number of negative lymph nodes and the expression of the MSH6 protein were significantly associated with RLN metastasis (P<0.05). All of the patients with well differentiation tumors (15 patients) or staged pT1 (13 patients) had no RLN metastasis. Multivariate analysis showed that tumor differentiation (OR=2.582, 95%CI=1.567-4.274, P<0.001), pT (OR=3.778, 95%CI=1.448-12.960, P=0.015) and the expression of MSH6 protein (OR=2.188, 95%CI=1.159-4.401, P=0.021) were independent risk factors for RLN metastasis. Conclusions: The postoperative pT stage, tumor differentiation and the expression of MSH6 protein are independent risk factors for RLN metastasis of dMMR colorectal cancer. Preoperative assessment of these factors may further improve the accuracy of predicting the risk of RLN metastasis.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Reparación de la Incompatibilidad de ADN , Neoplasias Colorrectales/genética , Neoplasias Colorrectales/patología , Reparación de la Incompatibilidad de ADN/genética , Femenino , Humanos , Ganglios Linfáticos/patología , Metástasis Linfática , Masculino , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(34): 2667-2673, 2021 Sep 14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510872

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore related factors associated with unilateral aldosterone secretion of patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) and construct a predictive model. Methods: The clinical data of patients who were diagnosed as PA in West China Hospital from April 2016 to September 2020 was analyzed retrospectively. According to the results of the adrenal enhancement CT, patients were divided into 3 groups, namely non-nodular group with no bilateral adrenal glands lesions, only with unilateral adrenal hyperplasia or bilateral adrenal hyperplasia, unilateral nodule group with unilateral adrenal nodules and the contralateral adrenal glands with hyperplasia or not, and bilateral nodules group with nodules in both adrenal glands. Regarding the related factors of dominant side of aldosterone secretion, univariate analysis and binary logistic regression were used. Receiver operating characteristic curve and nomogram were used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of regression models. Results: A total of 237 patients with PA were included, of which, 118 males and 119 females, the median age was 39 years, and the body mass index (BMI) was (25.2±3.5) kg/m2. There were 157 (66.2%) of 237 patients with typical imaging findings. There were 32 cases in no-nodular group, 183 cases in unilateral nodule group, and 22 cases in bilateral nodules group. Multivariate analysis showed that age (OR=0.876, P<0.001), blood potassium concentration (OR=0.430, P=0.004), and typical imaging findings (OR=2.202, P=0.035) were associated with unilateral aldosterone secretion. As for unilateral nodule group, multivariate analysis showed that age (OR=0.900, P<0.001), plasma aldosteronism concentration (PAC) (OR=1.050, P=0.018), and typical imaging findings (OR=2.637, P=0.025) were associated with unilateral aldosterone secretion. The agreement rate between the dominant side of the adrenal CT and AVS was only 50.2%. Multivariate analysis showed that age (OR=0.954, P=0.001), BMI (OR=0.893, P=0.024) and PAC (OR=1.043, P=0.011) were independently associated with concordance between AVS and CT. The cut-off value of the ROC curve was 0.43; the model sensitivity was 56.3%; the specificity was 86.7% and the area under the ROC curve was 0.742. Conclusions: Age is an important predictor in the diagnosis of PA subtypes. It is recommended to refer to subgroup based on imaging results for clinical decision. For patients with no obvious lesions or bilateral lesions on CT, AVS should be performed as far as possible to confirm the subtypes in diagnosis of PA.


Asunto(s)
Aldosterona , Hiperaldosteronismo , Glándulas Suprarrenales , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/diagnóstico , Masculino , Curva ROC , Estudios Retrospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(4): 338-343, 2021 Apr 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979960

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the expression of tuftelin protein (TUFT1) and its clinical value in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)-related liver cancer tissues. Methods: The biological information data of TUFT1 mRNA expression in liver cancer and non-cancer tissues were analyzed from the TCGA and Oncomine database. After the approval of the ethics committee, the self-pairing method was used to collect the postoperative cancer and para-carcinoma tissues of 132 HCC cases hospitalized between January 2009 and December 2014. Tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were used to analyze the expression of TUFT1 in liver tissues. According to IHC staining, liver cancer was divided into high TUFT1 and low/no expression group. Combined with clinical data, the clinicopathological characteristics were statistically analyzed between and within the groups. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was analyzed by correlation analysis. Results: IHC staining showed that TUFT1 in cancer tissue was localized in the cytoplasm and cell membrane, and its positive expression rate was significantly higher in the liver cancer group (87.1%) than the para-carcinoma group (64.4%) (χ (2) = 18.563, P < 0.001). TUFT1 expression intensity in patients with liver cancer was significantly correlated with HBeAg positive (χ (2) = 4.080, P = 0.043), tumor size (χ (2) = 9.388, P = 0.002), vascular invasion (χ (2) = 14.885, P < 0.001), TNM stage (χ (2) = 13.516, P < 0.001) and ascites (χ (2) = 5.940, P = 0.015). TUFT1 high expression was negatively correlated with OS and DFS (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The overexpression of TUFT1 is closely related to HBV replication, vascular invasion and poor prognosis, and it is expected to become a useful marker for liver cancer diagnosis and prognosis.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Proteínas del Esmalte Dental/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Biomarcadores de Tumor , Virus de la Hepatitis B , Humanos , Pronóstico
15.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(5): 574-580, 2021 May 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034478

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the clinicopathological and prognostic features of young onset patients with middle-low rectal cancer who received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT). Methods: After NCRT, a total of 441 patients with primary middle-low rectal cancer treated with radical surgery at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CHCAMS) from January 2004 to December 2016 were included. According to the age of disease onset, the patients were divided into the young group (51cases) and the middle-old group (390 cases), and the clinicopathological characteristics and survival of these patients were analyzed. Results: In the young group, 68.6% of patients received radical surgery within 7 weeks after NCRT, which was higher than 52.8% in the middle-old group (P=0.047). The stage ypTNM Ⅲ in the young group was 51.0%, higher than 34.1% in the middle-old group (P=0.027). The stage ypN+ in the young group was 51.0%, higher than 34.1% in the middle-old group (P=0.047), The incidence of disease progression in the young group was 39.2%, higher than 25.1% in the middle-old group (P=0.049). The incidence of distant metastasis in the young group was 35.3%, higher than 21.5% in the middle-old group(P=0.044). Most cases of disease progression occurred in the first 3 years after surgery for the young group, especially in the second year after surgery, the incidence of disease progression in the young group was 55.0%, higher than 26.5% in middle-old group (P=0.025). The 3-year and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates for the young group were 63.7% and 58.2%, lower than 81.0% and 74.3% in the middle-old group (P=0.016), respectively. The 3-year and 5-year overall survival in the middle-old group (OS) rates for the young group were 85.4% and 69.2%, lower than 93.6% and 84.1% in the middle-old group (P=0.033), respectively. The multivariate analysis showed that, response of primary tumor (HR=4.804, 95% CI: 1.360-16.973) and total number of dissected lymph nodes (HR=4.336, 95% CI: 1.739-10.809) in the young group were independent prognostic factors related to DFS. The total dissected number of lymph nodes(HR=3.295, 95% CI: 1.076-10.091)was an independent prognostic factor related to OS. In the middle-old group, response of primary tumor (HR=2.626, 95% CI: 1.354-5.091), ypTNM stage (ypTNM Ⅲ: HR=5.837, 95% CI: 2.968-11.479) and tumor location distance from the anal verge (HR=0.500, 95% CI: 0.308-0.812) were independent prognostic factors related to DFS. Lymphovascular invasion (HR=0.500, 95% CI: 0.308-0.812) and ypTNM stage (ypTNM Ⅲ: HR=16.322, 95% CI: 5.049-52.771) were independent prognostic factors related to OS. Conclusions: Young onset rectal cancer patients are associated with shorter operation time interval, advanced pathological stage and poorer prognosis. More intensive adjuvant treatment and post-treatment surveillance should be conducted to young onset rectal cancer with NCRT.


Asunto(s)
Terapia Neoadyuvante , Neoplasias del Recto , Quimioradioterapia , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Humanos , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Pronóstico , Neoplasias del Recto/patología , Neoplasias del Recto/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(18): 1357-1362, 2021 May 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015870

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of rectal cancer patients with pathological complete response and near complete response after neoadjuvant therapy. Methods: The clinicopathological data of patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy plus radical surgery of rectal cancer in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2004 to December 2016 were retrospectively collected. The clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factor of patients with pathological complete response and near complete response were analyzed. Results: The clinical data of 142 patients were collected. There were 93 males and 49 females, aged from 24 to 81 years. The median disease-free survival was 53.9 months and the median overall survival was 55.0 months. Univariate analysis showed that the maximum diameter of scar or lesion, the status of lymph node metastasis and the distance between the lower edge of tumor and anal edge were associated with disease-free survival time; the maximum diameter of scar or lesion and the status of lymph node metastasis were associated with overall survival time. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that patients with scar or lesion diameter>3 cm (HR=4.406,95%CI:1.619-12.006), positive lymph node metastasis status (HR=4.102,95%CI:1.461-11.513) and tumor lower margin to anal margin distance ≤4 cm (HR=18.171,95%CI:2.357-140.073) had shorter disease-free survival time.The patients with scar or lesion diameter>3 cm (HR=8.573,95%CI:1.630-45.099) and lymph node metastasis status (HR=4.721, 95%CI:1.068-20.860) had shorter overall survival time. Conclusions: The overall prognosis of patients with pathological complete response or near complete response after neoadjuvant therapy for rectal cancer is better. The distance between the lower margin of the tumor and the anal edge, the status of lymph node metastasis and the maximum diameter of scars or lesion were the related factors affecting the prognosis of patients with rectal cancer.


Asunto(s)
Terapia Neoadyuvante , Neoplasias del Recto , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Pronóstico , Neoplasias del Recto/patología , Neoplasias del Recto/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 359-365, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915626

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the performance of the European Evidence-based Guidelines on Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms (EEGPCN)(2018) and International Association of Pancreatology(IAP) Guideline(Version 2017) in predicting high grade dysplasia/invasive carcinoma-intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm(HGD/INV-IPMN). Methods: A retrospective analysis of 363 patients,who underwent surgical resection in Changhai Hospital affiliated to Navy Medical University from January 2012 to December 2018 and were pathologically identified as (intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, IPMN),was performed. The patients,including 230 males and 133 females,aging (61.7±10.1) years(range:19 to 83 years). The proportion of HGD/INV-IPMN who met with the absolute indication(AI) of EEGPCN and high risk stigma(HRS) of IAP were compared. The binary Logistic regression analysis was used to find the independent risk factors of HGD/INV-IPMN.Eight combinations of risk factors derived from relative indication/worrisome feature or risk factors in this study,were made to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy. The area under curve(AUC) of receiver operating characteristics was used to evaluate the the cutoff value of risk factors(①CA19-9≥37 U/ml,②diameter of main pancreatic duct 5.0-9.9 mm,③enhancing mural nodule<5 mm,④(acute) pancreatiti,⑤acyst diameter ≥40 mm,⑤bcyst diameter ≥30 mm, ⑥thickened or enhancing cyst walls,⑦neutrophile granulocyte to lymphocyte ratio(NLR)≥2, ⑧cyst located in head, uncinate or neck,⑨carcinoembryonic antigen(CEA) ≥5 µg/L) number for predicting HGD/INV-IPMN.The accuracy,sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,negative predictive value,true positive,true negative,false positive,false negative,positive likelihood ratio,negative likelihood ratio,Youden index and F1 score were calculated. Results: Ninety-two patients(49.5%) of 186 ones who met AI and 85 patients(48.3%) of 176 ones who met HRS were respectively confirmed as HGD/INV-IPMN. In those patients who were not met AI,tumor location,thickened/enhancing cyst wall,CA19-9 elevated,NLR≥2 and CEA elevated were significantly (P<0.05) correlated with HGD/INV-IPMN. And tumor location(head/uncinate/neck vs. body/tail,OR=3.284,95%CI:1.268-8.503,P=0.014),thickened/enhancement cyst wall (with vs.without,OR=2.713,95%CI:1.177-6.252,P=0.019),CA19-9(≥37 U/L vs.<37 U/L, OR=5.086,95%CI:2.05-12.62,P<0.01) and NLR(≥2 vs.<2,OR=2.380,95%CI:1.043-5.434,P=0.039) were the independent risk factors of HGD/INV-IPMN. Patients with ≥4 risk factors of 9 in combination Ⅷ(①②③④⑤b⑥⑦⑧⑨) were diagnosed as HGD/INV-IPMN with the moderate accuracy(71.0%),moderate sensitivity (62.0%) and moderate specificity (73.0%). Patients with ≥4 risk factors of 9 in Combination Ⅶ(①②③④⑤a⑥⑦⑧⑨) were diagnosed as HGD/INV-IPMN with the highest specificity(83.0%) and patients with ≥3 risk factors of 8 in combination Ⅵ(①②③④⑤b⑥⑧⑨) were diagnosed as HGD/INV-IPMN with the highest sensitivity(74.0%). The AUC for diagnosis of HGD/INV-IPMN in combination Ⅵ,Ⅶ and Ⅷ were 0.72,0.75 and 0.75,respectively. Older patients and younger patients could respectively refer to combination Ⅶ and combination Ⅵ to improve the management of IPMN. Conclusions: Patients who meet AI of EEGPCN should undertake resection, otherwise the method we explored is recommended. The method of improvement for diagnosis of HGD/INV-IPMN is relatively applicable and efficient for decision-making of surgery, especially for younger patients with decreasing of missed diagnosis and elder patients with decreasing of misdiagnosis.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Intraductales Pancreáticas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/cirugía , Anciano , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirugía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Intraductales Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Intraductales Pancreáticas/cirugía , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos
18.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(5): 341-347, 2021 May 11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915636

RESUMEN

Objective: To develop and validate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaire for adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia. Methods: Cross-sectional study. A total of 170 adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia, 100 adult patients with other eye diseases and 80 healthy adults with normal vision were recruited at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, and 20 healthy adults with normal vision were recruited at Qinhuai Medical District of Easter Theater General Hospital of PLA from December 2019 to February 2020. Individual interviews of 30 adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia generated 80 questionnaire items. For item reduction, 40 adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia were asked to complete the 80-item questionnaire and responses were analyzed. Then factor analyses were performed to identify prominent factors (subscales). The reliability of the questionnaire was evaluated by Cronbach's α coefficient. The overall and sub-scale scores were the average scores of all included items, ranging from 0 (worst HRQOL) to 100 (best HRQOL). The final 20-item questionnaire was administered to additional 100 adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia, 100 adult patients with other eye diseases and 100 visually normal adults. Mean overall and subscale scores were compared across groups using one-way analysis of variance. Results: The final adult anisometropic amblyopia questionnaire (AAAQ) consisted of a function subscale and a psychosocial subscale, each containing 10 items. The Cronbach's α coefficients of the overall, function subscale and psychosocial subscale were 0.88, 0.78 and 0.78. There were 55 males and 45 females in 100 adult anisometropic amblyopia patients, with a median age of 26 years (range, 18 to 43 years). The age and gender distribution were matched with 100 adult patients with other eye diseases and 100 healthy adults with normal vision (all P>0.05). The mean overall score (28.63±9.18), function subscale score (27.69±9.88) and psychosocial subscale score (29.53±9.90) for adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia were significantly lower compared to adult patients with other eye diseases (71.28±8.14, P<0.01; 65.56±7.81, P<0.01; 76.85±10.76, P<0.01) and visually normal adults (84.54±9.13, P<0.01; 81.70±9.27, P<0.01; 87.38±10.06, P<0.01). Conclusion: The AAAQ meets the requirements for validity and reliability of a HRQOL questionnaire, and can be used to assess the HRQOL of adult patients with anisometropic amblyopia. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 341-347).


Asunto(s)
Ambliopía , Calidad de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781035

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the relationship between the health literacy of employees and smoking, drinking, diet and exercise, and provide scientific basis for health education and targeted intervention. Methods: From February to July 2019, a cluster random sampling method was adopted to select enterprise employees in Shihezi City to conduct a questionnaire survey. Self-made questionnaires and "National Resident Health Literacy Monitoring Questionnaire" were used to assess the social demographics, health literacy, and Health-related behaviors were investigated, and 1053 valid questionnaires were collected. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between health literacy and the three dimensions with smoking, drinking, diet and exercise. Results: Total score of health literacy of enterprise employees is (42.06±11.03) points and the employee health literacy rate of Shihezi City in 2019 is 19.47%. Univariate analysis showed that non-smokers had higher health literacy and three-dimensional health literacy availability than smokers (P<0.01) ; fewer drinkers had higher health literacy availability than overdrinkers (P<0.05) ; balanced diet health literacy availability The health literacy availability rates in the three dimensions were higher than those in the unbalanced diet (P<0.01) . In the logistic regression analysis, healthy lifestyle and behavioral literacy were independently related to smoking behavior (OR=1.571, P<0.05) ; the presence of health literacy and the three dimensions of health literacy were not statistically related to alcohol consumption (P>0.05) ; there is a statistical correlation between health literacy, healthy lifestyles, behaviors, and health skills and regular exercise among employees (OR=1.829、2.503、1.395, P<0.05) ; employees with health literacy and three dimensions of health literacy are more likely to have a balanced diet (P<0.01) . Conclusion: There is a correlation between the health literacy of enterprise employees and diet and exercise. The improvement of health literacy level is an important way to interfere with unhealthy behaviors.


Asunto(s)
Alfabetización en Salud , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Ejercicio Físico , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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