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1.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(7)2020 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285111

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Zinc (Zn) has been suggested to impact fetal growth. However, the effect may be complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) due to its impact on fetal growth and placental transport. This study aims to investigate whether GDM modifies the association between Zn levels and birth weight. METHOD: A cohort matched by GDM was established in Taiyuan, China, between 2012 and 2016, including 752 women with GDM and 744 women without. Dietary Zn intake was assessed during pregnancy. Maternal blood (MB) and cord blood (CB) Zn levels were measured at birth. Birth weight was standardized as the z score and categorized as high (HBW, >4000 g) and low (LBW, <2500 g) groups. Multivariate linear regression and multinomial logistic regression were used to examine the association between Zn levels and birth weight in offspring born to women with or without GDM. RESULTS: 88.8% (N = 1328) of the population had inadequate Zn intake during pregnancy. In women with GDM, MB Zn level was inversely associated with birth weight (ß = -.17; 95% confidence interval (CI), -0.34 to -0.01), while CB Zn level was positively associated with birth weight (ß = .38; 95% CI, 0.06-0.70); suggestive associations were observed between MB Zn level and LBW (odds ratio 2.01; 95% CI, 0.95-4.24) and between CB Zn level and HBW (odds ratio 2.37; 95% CI, 1.08-5.21). CONCLUSIONS: GDM may modify the associations between MB and CB Zn levels and birth weight in this population characterized by insufficient Zn intake. These findings suggest a previously unidentified path of adverse effects of GDM.

2.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 829-836, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253185

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the associations of regular glucosamine use with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a large prospective cohort. METHODS: This population-based prospective cohort study included 495 077 women and men (mean (SD) age, 56.6 (8.1) years) from the UK Biobank study. Participants were recruited from 2006 to 2010 and were followed up through 2018. We evaluated all-cause mortality and mortality due to cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, respiratory and digestive disease. HRs and 95% CIs for all-cause and cause-specific mortality were calculated using Cox proportional hazards models with adjustment for potential confounding variables. RESULTS: At baseline, 19.1% of the participants reported regular use of glucosamine supplements. During a median follow-up of 8.9 years (IQR 8.3-9.7 years), 19 882 all-cause deaths were recorded, including 3802 CVD deaths, 8090 cancer deaths, 3380 respiratory disease deaths and 1061 digestive disease deaths. In multivariable adjusted analyses, the HRs associated with glucosamine use were 0.85 (95% CI 0.82 to 0.89) for all-cause mortality, 0.82 (95% CI 0.74 to 0.90) for CVD mortality, 0.94 (95% CI 0.88 to 0.99) for cancer mortality, 0.73 (95% CI 0.66 to 0.81) for respiratory mortality and 0.74 (95% CI 0.62 to 0.90) for digestive mortality. The inverse associations of glucosamine use with all-cause mortality seemed to be somewhat stronger among current than non-current smokers (p for interaction=0.00080). CONCLUSIONS: Regular glucosamine supplementation was associated with lower mortality due to all causes, cancer, CVD, respiratory and digestive diseases.

3.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 100, 2020 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32276615

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The associations between the number of natural teeth/denture use and all-cause mortality remain unclear due to lake of investigation for the potential interaction between tooth loss and denture use and for the potential changes in these exposures over time in older adults. We undertake this study to evaluate the associations of the number of natural teeth and/or denture use with mortality in Chinese elderly. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of 36,283 older adults (median age: 90). The number of natural teeth and denture use were collected with structured questionnaire. We evaluated hazard ratios (HRs) and confidence intervals (CIs) using a Cox proportional hazards model adjusting for demographic factors, education, income, lifestyle factors, and comorbidities. RESULTS: We documented 25,857 deaths during 145,947 person-years of observation. Compared to those with 20+ teeth, tooth loss was associated with a gradual increase in mortality, with an adjusted HR of 1.14 (95% CI, 1.06 to 1.23) for those with 10-19 teeth, 1.23 (95% CI, 1.15 to 1.31) for those with 1-9 teeth, and 1.35 (95% CI, 1.26 to 1.44) for those without natural teeth. Denture use was associated with lower risk of mortality (adjusted HR 0.81; 95% CI, 0.77 to 0.84). Subgroup analyses indicated that the benefit of denture use was greater in men than in women (P = 0.02) and tended to decrease with age (P < 0.001). The effects of denture use did not differ among various degrees of tooth loss (P = 0.17). CONCLUSIONS: Tooth loss was associated with an increased risk of mortality in older adults. Denture use provided a protective effect against death for all degrees of tooth loss however, this effect appeared to be modified by sex and age.

4.
Chemosphere ; 254: 126809, 2020 Apr 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334258

RESUMEN

Associations between plasma elements and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among the elderly are poorly understood. In this cross-sectional study, we explored the associations between exposure to four plasma elements and CKD in elderly people aged ≥90 years in longevity areas in China. We measured plasma selenium, manganese, iron, and zinc levels and used logistic regression models to investigate associations between CKD and these four plasma elements after adjusting for confounding factors among 461 participants aged ≥90 years in the fifth wave of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study (CLHLS) conducted in 2009. The median plasma selenium, manganese, iron, and zinc levels were 120.51 µg/L, 26.64 µg/L, 2880.52 µg/L, and 1882.42 µg/L in the CKD group and 108.76 µg/L, 31.55 µg/L, 4512.00 µg/L, and 2294.24 µg/L in the non-CKD group, respectively. Single- and multiple-element multivariable models showed that plasma manganese, iron, and zinc were negatively associated with CKD. In the multiple-element multivariable models, the adjusted odds ratios for CKD were 0.48 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.27-0.86) for the second highest quartile of manganese, 0.37 (95% CI: 0.21-0.68) and 0.36 (95% CI: 0.19-0.65) for the third highest and highest quartiles of iron, respectively, and 0.53 (95% CI: 0.29-0.94) for the highest quartile of zinc, compared with the lowest quartiles of these three elements. Plasma manganese, iron, and zinc levels protect against CKD in elderly people aged ≥90 years in longevity areas.

5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192215

RESUMEN

Global environmental change has degraded ecosystems. Challenges such as climate change, resource depletion (with its huge implications for human health and wellbeing), and persistent social inequalities in health have been identified as global public health issues with implications for both communicable and noncommunicable diseases. This contributes to pressure on healthcare systems, as well as societal systems that affect health. A novel strategy to tackle these multiple, interacting and interdependent drivers of change is required to protect the population's health. Public health professionals have found that building strong, enduring interdisciplinary partnerships across disciplines can address environment and health complexities, and that developing Environmental and Public Health Tracking (EPHT) systems has been an effective tool. EPHT aims to merge, integrate, analyse and interpret environmental hazards, exposure and health data. In this article, we explain that public health decision-makers can use EPHT insights to drive public health actions, reduce exposure and prevent the occurrence of disease more precisely in efficient and cost-effective ways. An international network exists for practitioners and researchers to monitor and use environmental health intelligence, and to support countries and local areas toward sustainable and healthy development. A global network of EPHT programs and professionals has the potential to advance global health by implementing and sharing experience, to magnify the impact of local efforts and to pursue data knowledge improvement strategies, aiming to recognise and support best practices. EPHT can help increase the understanding of environmental public health and global health, improve comparability of risks between different areas of the world including Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), enable transparency and trust among citizens, institutions and the private sector, and inform preventive decision making consistent with sustainable and healthy development. This shows how EPHT advances global health efforts by sharing recent global EPHT activities and resources with those working in this field. Experiences from the US, Europe, Asia and Australasia are outlined for operating successful tracking systems to advance global health.

6.
Lancet Planet Health ; 4(3): e107-e115, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220672

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Both air pollution and green space have been shown to affect health. We aimed to assess whether greenness protects against air pollution-related mortality. METHODS: We used data from the 2008 wave of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. We calculated contemporaneous normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI) in the 500 m radius around each participant's residence. Fine particulate matter (PM2·5) concentration was calculated using 3-year average concentrations in 1 km × 1 km grid resolution. We used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate the effects of NDVI, PM2·5, and their interaction on all-cause mortality, adjusted for a range of covariates. FINDINGS: The cohort contained 12 873 participants, totalling 47 884 person-years. There were 7426 deaths between 2008 and 2014. The mean contemporaneous NDVI was 0·42 (SD 0·21), and the mean 3-year average PM2·5 was 49·63 µg/m3 (13·72). In the fully adjusted model, the mortality hazard ratio for each 0·1-unit decrease in contemporaneous NDVI was 1·08 (95% CI 1·03-1·13), each 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2·5 was 1·13 (1·09-1·18), and the interaction term was 1·01 (1·00-1·02) with a p value of 0·027. We observed non-linear associations in our stratified analyses: people living in urban areas were more likely to benefit from greenness, and people living in rural areas were more likely to be harmed by air pollution. INTERPRETATION: Our study showed some indication of a synergistic effect of greenness and air pollution, suggesting that green space planning and air pollution control can jointly improve public health. FUNDING: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Key R&D Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China.

7.
BMJ ; 368: m456, 2020 03 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131999

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the associations of habitual fish oil supplementation with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality in a large prospective cohort. DESIGN: Population based, prospective cohort study. SETTING: UK Biobank. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 427 678 men and women aged between 40 and 69 who had no CVD or cancer at baseline were enrolled between 2006 and 2010 and followed up to the end of 2018. MAIN EXPOSURE: All participants answered questions on the habitual use of supplements, including fish oil. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: All cause mortality, CVD mortality, and CVD events. RESULTS: At baseline, 133 438 (31.2%) of the 427 678 participants reported habitual use of fish oil supplements. The multivariable adjusted hazard ratios for habitual users of fish oil versus non-users were 0.87 (95% confidence interval 0.83 to 0.90) for all cause mortality, 0.84 (0.78 to 0.91) for CVD mortality, and 0.93 (0.90 to 0.96) for incident CVD events. For CVD events, the association seemed to be stronger among those with prevalent hypertension (P for interaction=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Habitual use of fish oil seems to be associated with a lower risk of all cause and CVD mortality and to provide a marginal benefit against CVD events among the general population.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/mortalidad , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/prevención & control , Suplementos Dietéticos/estadística & datos numéricos , Aceites de Pescado/administración & dosificación , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Reino Unido/epidemiología
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 717: 137191, 2020 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062280

RESUMEN

Fasting blood glucose level is the primary indicator for the diagnosis of diabetes. We aim to conduct a longitudinal study on the association between long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure and fasting blood glucose concentrations. We recruited and followed up 1449 participants older than 65 years of age in 2009, 2012, 2014, and 2017 in eight counties in China. Fasting blood glucose was repeatedly measured 3697 times in total among these participants. Data on annual ground-level PM2.5 concentrations with a 0.01° spatial resolution from 2005 to 2016 were used to assess exposures. An increase of 10 µg/m3 in 3-year average exposure to PM2.5 was associated with an increase of 0.146 mmol/L (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.045, 0.248) in fasting blood glucose in all participants. The association was more pronounced among the subgroup with diabetes compared to the subgroup without diabetes (P < .05). In conclusion, Long-term PM2.5 exposure was associated with an increase in fasting blood glucose levels among elderly people. Elderly individuals with diabetes are particularly vulnerable to high level exposures of PM2.5. SUMMARY: Long-term PM2.5 exposure was associated with an increase in fasting blood glucose levels among elderly people. Elderly individuals with diabetes are particularly vulnerable to high level exposures of PM2.5.


Asunto(s)
Contaminación del Aire , Ayuno , Anciano , Contaminantes Atmosféricos , Glucemia , China , Exposición a Riesgos Ambientales , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Material Particulado
9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(5): 2859-2868, 2020 03 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022552

RESUMEN

Both ozone exposure and extreme temperatures are found to be significantly associated with mortality; however, inconsistent results have been obtained on the modification effects of temperature on the ozone-mortality association. In the present study, we conducted a nationwide time-series analysis in 128 counties from 2013-2018 to examine whether temperature modifies the association between short-term ozone exposure with nonaccidental and cause-specific mortality in China. First, we analyzed the effects of ozone exposure on mortality at different temperature levels. Then, we calculated the pooled effects through a meta-analysis across China. We found that high-temperature conditions (>75th percentile in each county) significantly enhanced the effects of ozone on nonaccidental, cardiovascular, and respiratory mortality, with increases of 0.44% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.36 and 0.51%), 0.42% (95% CI: 0.32 and 0.51%) and 0.50% (95% CI: 0.31 and 0.68%), respectively, for a 10 µg/m3 increase in ozone at high temperatures. Stronger effects on nonaccidental and cardiovascular mortality were observed at high temperatures among elderly individuals aged 65 years and older compared with the younger people. Our findings provide evidence that health damage because of ozone may be influenced by the impacts of increasing temperatures, which point to the importance of mitigating ozone exposure in China under the context of climate change to further reduce the public health burden.


Asunto(s)
Contaminantes Atmosféricos , Contaminación del Aire , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Ozono , Anciano , China , Calor , Humanos , Mortalidad , Temperatura
10.
Environ Pollut ; 259: 113910, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023791

RESUMEN

Currently the Chinese government has adopted World Health Organization interim target-1 values as the national ambient air quality standards values. However, the population-based evidence was insufficient, especially for the oldest old (aged 80+). We evaluated the association of fine particulate matters (PM2.5) exposure and incidence of disability in activities of daily living (ADL) in 15 453 oldest old in 886 counties/cities in China from 2002 to 2014 using Cox model with penalized splines and competing risk models to evaluate the linear or non-linear association. After adjusting for potential confounders, a J-shaped association existed between PM2.5 exposure with a threshold concentration of 33 µg/m3, and incident disability in ADL. Above this threshold, the risk magnitude significantly increased with increase of PM2.5 concentrations; compared to 33 µg/m3, the hazard ratio ranged from 1.03 (1.00-1.06) at 40 µg/m3 to 2.25 (1.54-3.29) at 110 µg/m3. The risk magnitude was not significantly changed below this threshold. Each 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 exposure corresponded to a 7.7% increase in the risk of disability in ADL (hazard ratio 1.077, 95% CI 1.051-1.104). Men, smokers, and participants with cognitive impairment might be more vulnerable to PM2.5 exposure. The study provided limited population-based evidence for the oldest old and detected a threshold of 33 µg/m3, and supported that reduction to current World Health Organization interim target-1value (35 µg/m3) and Chinese national ambient air quality standards (35 µg/m3) or lower may be associated with lower risk of disability in ADL.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Cotidianas , Contaminación del Aire , Exposición a Riesgos Ambientales/estadística & datos numéricos , Material Particulado , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Contaminantes Atmosféricos , China , Ciudades , Humanos , Incidencia
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 20(1): 29, 2020 Jan 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992221

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a major contributor to mortality among the elderly. However, the relationship between cognitive impairment evaluated by educational levels and mortality and the trend between cognitive impairment and mortality with time are unclear. We aim to evaluate the differences in associations of cognitive impairment, taking the stratification by educational levels into account, with all-cause mortality and further explore the relationship of cognitive impairment with mortality in different age and sex groups in two cohorts ascertained 6 years apart in China. METHODS: A total of 13,906 and 13,873 Chinese elderly aged 65 years and older were included in the 2002-2008 and 2008-2014 cohorts from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). Mortality data was ascertained from interviews with family members or relatives of participants. Cognitive function, evaluated by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), were defined by different cut-offs taking educational background into account. Cox models were used to explore the relationship of cognitive impairment with mortality. RESULTS: For the 2002-2008 and 2008-2014 cohorts, 55,277 and 53,267 person-years were followed up, and the mean (SD) age were 86.5 (11.6) and 87.2 (11.3) years, respectively. Compared to normal cognition, cognitive impairment was independently associated with higher mortality risk after controlling for potential confounders, with hazard ratios (HRs) of 1.32 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.25-1.39) in 2002-2008 cohort and 1.26 (95% CI, 1.19-1.32) in 2008-2014 cohort, stratified by educational levels. The trend of cognitive impairment with all-cause mortality risk decreased from 2002 to 2008 to 2008-2014 cohort, while no significant interaction of cognitive impairment with cohort for all-cause mortality was observed. The associations of cognitive impairment and mortality were decreased with age in the two cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive impairment evaluated by different cut-offs were associated with increased risk of mortality, especially among those aged 65-79 years in the two cohorts; this advocates that periodic screening for cognitive impairment among the elderly is warranted.

12.
Pediatr Obes ; 15(2): e12584, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689002

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Macrosomia is associated with both neonatal complications and adult diseases (obesity, diabetes mellitus, etc.). Previous studies have reported maternal exposure to PM2.5 might influence metabolism and fetal development and cause adverse pregnancy outcomes. Studies conducted in areas with low PM2.5 concentration have found relationship between gestational PM2.5 exposure and birth weight. However, the impact of air pollution on macrosomia has not been studied, especially in highly polluted areas. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure during pregnancy and the risk of macrosomia. METHODS: Data from preconception health examination and prenatal and postnatal records were collected from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2012 in the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project. Monthly mean of PM2.5 concentration during pregnancy was estimated from satellite data using an ensemble machine learning model. A newborn with birth weight above 4000 g was defined as macrosomia. Logistic regression models were used to examine the association between maternal exposure to PM2.5 and the risk of macrosomia, after adjusting for maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index, parity, neonatal sex, duration of gestation, seasonality, educational level, smoking and drinking habits, past history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and family history of diabetes mellitus. Restricted cubic spline models were used to evaluate the dose-response relationship between the risk of macrosomia and PM2.5 concentration. RESULTS: Of 177 841 singleton nonlow birth weight newborns included, 14 598 (8.2%) had macrosomia. The mean PM2.5 concentrations were 70.7, 71.5, and 80.9 µg/m3 in the first, second, and third trimesters. In full-adjusted logistic regression models, significant associations were found between increased risk of macrosomia and every 10 µg/m3 increase of PM2.5 concentration over the first (odds ratio [OR]: 1.045; 95% CI, 1.037-1.052), second (OR: 1.035; 95% CI, 1.028-1.043), and third (OR: 1.033; 95% CI, 1.026-1.039) trimesters. There was a nonlinear does-response association between PM2.5 concentration and the risk of macrosomia. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal exposure to PM2.5 during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of macrosomia in China.

13.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 713-722, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385350

RESUMEN

Small for gestational age (SGA) has a high risk of mortality and morbidity and is common in obstetrics. To date, no effective prediction and treatment tools are available. Acting as microRNA (miRNA) sponges and disease biomarkers are clear functions of circular RNAs (circRNAs). However, it is still unknown what role circRNAs act in SGA. To explore the role of circRNAs in SGA, circRNA expression patterns of the umbilical cord and maternal plasma in SGA was assessed. We first evaluated circRNAs in umbilical cord blood of the SGA and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) groups by microarray sequencing. In total, 170 340 circRNAs were sequenced, and 144 circRNAs were significantly upregulated while 977 were markedly downregulated. Has_circRNA15994-13, has_circ_0001359, and has_circ_0001360 were abundant and differentially expressed between the SGA and AGA groups, and confirmed in the umbilical cord and maternal blood specimens by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. By combining miRNA microarray data of the SGA placenta tissue in NCBI, it was found that two miRNAs were both hsa_circRNA15994-13 targets and differentially expressed, including hsa-miR-3619-5p and hsa-miR-4741. Further KEEG analysis revealed that the most significant pathway enriched by hsa-miR-3619-5p was Wnt signaling that is closely related to SGA; meanwhile, previous reports demonstrated that hsa-miR-3619-5p directly binds to ß-catenin to accommodate the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, whereby the suggestive hsa_circRNA15994-13 → hsa-miR-3619-5p → ß-catenin signaling pathway may play an important part in SGA.

14.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 62: 51-56, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201972

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite aggressive limb salvage attempts, military popliteal artery injuries are associated with high amputation rates. Combined arterial and venous injuries present a management dilemma for military surgeons in austere settings, and the impact of vein injury management strategy on limb outcomes is not clear. METHODS: Military casualties sustaining combined ipsilateral popliteal artery and vein injuries from 2003 to 2016 were identified from a military vascular injury database. Limbs were grouped based on whether venous ligation or repair was initially performed. The primary outcome was secondary amputation; the secondary outcomes included limb and vascular/graft complications. RESULTS: Fifty-six limbs were included; of which, 27 (48%) were managed with vein ligation and 29 (52%) with repair. Veins were repaired primarily in 13 (45%) cases with the remainder being treated with interposition grafts. Median injury severity score was higher in the ligation group (19 vs 15, P = 0.09), but vascular and concomitant limb injury characteristics were similar. Amputation rates did not differ by vein treatment (45% repair vs. 41% ligation, P = 0.76), and this held with injuries above and below the knee considered independently. Most (71%) amputations were performed <30 days from injury. Amputation was indicated more frequently for vascular repair failure in the ligated group (55% vs 15%, P = 0.04). Four graft infections were all in the repair group (P = 0.07 vs ligation). Arterial graft complications were more frequent with vein repair (45%) than ligation (30%), but this did not reach significance (P = 0.24). Only one deep vein thrombosis was diagnosed in each group (P = 0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Type of management of concomitant popliteal vein injury was not associated with early or late amputation in this series of military popliteal artery injuries. Vein injury management may have had implications for the development of arterial graft and limb complications, however. Surgical decision-making regarding popliteal vein treatment should balance short-term contingencies with long-term limb salvage issues.


Asunto(s)
Implantación de Prótesis Vascular , Personal Militar , Arteria Poplítea/cirugía , Vena Poplítea/cirugía , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos , Lesiones del Sistema Vascular/cirugía , Adulto , Amputación , Prótesis Vascular , Implantación de Prótesis Vascular/efectos adversos , Implantación de Prótesis Vascular/instrumentación , Humanos , Ligadura , Recuperación del Miembro , Medicina Militar , Arteria Poplítea/lesiones , Vena Poplítea/lesiones , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos/efectos adversos , Sistema de Registros , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Factores de Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
16.
Immun Ageing ; 16: 30, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832073

RESUMEN

Background: Inflammatory markers, such as high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and cognitive impairment (CI) are associated with mortality; CRP is related to the deterioration of CI. However, it is still unknown whether these two indices predict mortality independent of each other. Furthermore, their joint effect on all-cause mortality has not been well established, especially in oldest-old adults. Methods: Based on data from the 2012 wave of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS), we included 1447 oldest-old adults (mean age 84.7 years and 58.7% were female, weighted) with information on hs-CRP (stratified by a cutoff value of 3.0 mg/L) and cognition (quantified by Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) scored according to the personal educational level) at baseline. Mortality was assessed in followed 2014 and 2017 waves. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used, with adjustment for hs-CRP and cognition (mutually controlled) and several traditional mortality risk factors. Results: During a median follow-up period of 32.8 months (Q1-Q3, 9.7-59.0 months), 826 participants died. Hs-CRP [HR > 3.0 mg/L vs ≤ 3.0 mg/L: 1.64 (95% CI, 1.17, 2.30)] and cognition [HR CI vs normal: 2.30 (95% CI, 1.64, 3.21)] each was independent predictor of all-cause mortality, even after accounting for each other and other covariates. Monotonic and positive associations were observed in combined analyses, in which the highest mortality risk was obtained in elders with both high hs-CRP> 3.0 mg/L and CI [HR: 3.56 (95% CI, 2.35, 5.38)].The combined effects were stronger in male and younger oldest-old (aged 80-89 years). Conclusion: High hs-CRP and CI, both individually and jointly, were associated with increased all-cause mortality risks in Chinese oldest-old. Intervention strategies for preventing inflammation and maintaining adequate cognitive function may be more important in male and younger oldest-old for reducing mortality risk.

17.
Clin Nutr ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685303

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary diversity is widely advocated in national and international recommendations although whether the beneficial effects on survival or longevity still apply in the final phase of the lifespan remains understudied. We aimed to prospectively examine the association of dietary diversity, food items with all-cause mortality among the oldest old (80+) and determine whether dietary diversity recommendations were appropriate for this population. METHODS: The study included 28,790 participants aged 80+ (9957 octogenarians, 9925 nonagenarians, and 8908 centenarians). A baseline dietary diversity score (DDS) was constructed based on nine food items of a food frequency questionnaire. Cox models with penalized splines evaluated non-linear associations of DDS as continuous variable with mortality to identify cut-offs of DDS. RESULTS: We documented 23,503 deaths during 96,739 person-years of follow-up. Each one unit increase in DDS was associated with a 9% lower risk of mortality (adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 0.91; 95% confidential interval (CI): 0.90-0.92). Compared to participants whose DDS less than 2 scores, those with a DDS of 2, 3, 4, 5, and higher than 6 scores had a lower mortality risk, the HRs were 0.86 (0.82-0.89), 0.78 (0.75-0.81), 0.69 (0.66-0.72), 0.65 (0.62-0.68), and 0.56 (0.53-0.58) respectively, and a significant trend emerged (p < 0.001). Protein-rich food items were associated with prominent beneficial effects on mortality including meat (HR and 95% CI for high vs low frequency: 0.70 (0.68-0.72)), fish and sea food (HR, 0.74 (0.72-0.77)), egg (HR, 0.75 (0.73-0.77)), and bean (HR, 0.80 (0.78-0.82)). CONCLUSIONS: Even after the age of 80, the DDS tool may offer a simple and straightforward mean of identifying and screening individuals at high risk for mortality. Recommendation of dietary diversity, especially consumption of protein-rich food, may be advocated to reduce mortality risk and promote longevity in the oldest old.

18.
Immun Ageing ; 16: 28, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708993

RESUMEN

Background: The association of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with mortality is controversial. We aimed to investigate the associations of hsCRP concentrations with the risks of all-cause and cause-specific mortality and identify potential modifying factors affecting these associations among middle-aged and elderly individuals. Methods: This community-based prospective cohort study included 14,220 participants aged 50+ years (mean age: 64.9 years) from the Health and Retirement Study. Cox proportional hazard models were employed to estimate the associations between the hsCRP concentrations and the risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality with adjustment for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, self-reported medical history, and other potential confounders. Results: In total, 1730 all-cause deaths were recorded, including 725 cardiovascular- and 417 cancer-related deaths, after an 80,572 person-year follow-up (median: 6.4 years; range: 3.6-8.1 years). The comparisons of the groups with the highest (quartile 4) and lowest (quartile 1) hsCRP concentrations revealed that the adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were 1.50 (1.31-1.72) for all-cause mortality, 1.44 (1.13-1.82) for cardiovascular mortality, and 1.67 (1.23-2.26) for cancer mortality. The associations between high hsCRP concentrations and the risks of all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality were similar in the men and women (P for interaction > 0.05). Conclusions: Among middle-aged and older individuals, elevated hsCRP concentration could increase the risk of all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality in men and women.

19.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588027

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between leisure activities, examining each activity separately and in combination, and all-cause mortality among the Chinese oldest-old (≥80 years) population. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Community-living, the oldest-old from 22 provinces in China. PARTICIPANTS: We included 30,070 Chinese individuals aged ≥80 years (mean age: 92.7 years) from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey from 1998 to 2014. MEASUREMENTS: Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate relationships between leisure activities and all-cause mortality, adjusting for covariates including sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, self-reported medical history, and other potential confounders. RESULTS: During 110,278 person-years of follow-up, 23,661 deaths were documented. Participants who engaged in watching TV or listening to the radio, playing cards or mah-jong, reading books or newspapers, gardening, keeping domestic animals or pets, or attending religious activities "almost every day" had a significantly lower mortality risk (adjusted hazard ratios ranged from 0.82 to 0.89; P < .01 for all) than did participants who "never" engaged in those activities. Furthermore, engagement in multiple leisure activities was associated with a reduced risk of all-cause mortality (P for the trend < .001). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Frequent participation in leisure activities might help decrease the risk of death in the Chinese oldest-old population. This finding has important implications for public health policy and encourages the incorporation of a broad range of leisure activities into the daily lives of oldest-old individuals.

20.
BMJ Open ; 9(10): e026513, 2019 Oct 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601581

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey Biomarkers Cohort (Healthy Ageing and Biomarkers Cohort Study (HABCS)) was established to investigate the determinants of healthy aging and mortality among the oldest old in China. Besides collecting health status, behavioural and sociodemographic circumstances, the present study also gathers comprehensive data for the elderly by simultaneously collecting, detecting, analysing blood and urine, respectively. PARTICIPANTS: HABCS is a community-based longitudinal multiwave study of older men and women aged 65 or above. Baseline survey and the follow-up surveys with replacement for deceased elderly were conducted in eight longevity areas in China, which cover the northern, middle and southern parts of China. Between 2008 and 2017, 6333 participants were included in HABCS, comprising 1385 centenarians, 1350 nonagenarians, 1294 octogenarians, 1577 younger elderly (aged 65-79). FINDINGS TO DATE: We have found that higher baseline levels of (1) total cholesterol, (2) low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and (3) superoxide dismutase activity were associated with greater cognitive decline. While (4) higher LDL-C level was associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality. There was a reverse association between (5) plasma vitamin D and cognitive impairment in cross-sectional and prospective study. FUTURE PLANS: We are currently exploring the relationships between various biomarkers and different outcomes such as cognitive function and mortality. This longitudinal cohort study will be continued in the future.

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