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Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618373


Santa Catarina is a Brazilian State that has reported the lowest prevalence of human T-cell lymphotropic viruses (HTLV-1/2) in blood donors (0.04%). Although it presents ports, airports and roads that facilitate the entrance and dissemination of new infectious agents, no information exists concerning the HTLV-1/2 infections in HIV/AIDS patients. This study searched for HTLV-1/2 antibodies in plasma samples of 625 HIV/AIDS patients from the municipality of Tubarao (Southern Santa Catarina), and disclosed 1.1% of positivity (0.48% HTLV-1, 0.48% HTLV-2 and 0.16% untypeable HTLV), and a positive correlation with the male sex (OR 4.16) and intravenous drug use (OR 35.18). Although the percentage of 1.1% appears to be low, it is 27.5 times higher than the percentage detected in blood donors. Since HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 are circulating in HIV-infected individuals in Southern Santa Catarina, and these retroviruses could cause a differently impact on the HIV/AIDS outcomes, the surveillance of HTLV-1/2 is necessary, and it could support public health policies in preventing the transmission and dissemination of these viruses in this State.

Anticuerpos Antivirales/sangre , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Infecciones por HTLV-I/epidemiología , Infecciones por HTLV-II/epidemiología , Virus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano/inmunología , Virus Linfotrópico T Tipo 2 Humano/inmunología , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Brasil/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Monitoreo Epidemiológico , Femenino , Infecciones por VIH/complicaciones , Infecciones por HTLV-I/complicaciones , Infecciones por HTLV-I/diagnóstico , Infecciones por HTLV-II/complicaciones , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Adulto Joven