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1.
Int J Comput Dent ; 23(3): 225-233, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32789310

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate the fracture resistance and failure pattern of 3D-printed and milled composite resin crowns as a function of different material thicknesses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three typodont tooth models were prepared to receive a full coverage composite resin crown with different thicknesses (0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mm). The prepared master casts were digitally scanned using an intraoral scanner, and the STL files were used to fabricate 60 nanocomposite crowns divided into two groups according to the material thickness (n = 10) and fabrication method: a 3D-printed group (3D) using an SLA printer with nanocomposite, and a milled group (M) using a milling machine and composite blocks. All crowns were adhesively seated on stereolithography (SLA)-fabricated dies. All samples were subjected to thermomechanical loading and fracture testing. The load to fracture [N] was recorded and the failure pattern evaluated. Data were statistically analyzed using a two-way ANOVA followed by a Bonferroni post hoc test. The level of significance was set at α = 0.05. RESULTS: The 3D group showed the highest values for fracture resistance compared with the milled group within the three tested thicknesses (P < 0.001). The 3D and M groups presented significantly higher load to fracture for the 1.5-mm thickness (2383.5 ± 188.58 N and 1284.7 ± 77.62 N, respectively) compared with the 1.0-mm thickness (1945.9 ± 65.32 N and 932.1 ± 41.29 N, respectively) and the 0.5-mm thickness, which showed the lowest values in both groups (1345.0 ± 101.15 N and 519.3 ± 32.96 N, respectively). A higher incidence of irreparable fractures was observed for the 1.5-mm thickness. CONCLUSION: 3D-printed composite resin crowns showed high fracture resistance at different material thicknesses and can be suggested as a viable solution in conservative dentistry.


Asunto(s)
Porcelana Dental , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Cerámica , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Coronas , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Impresión Tridimensional
2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32021475

RESUMEN

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of surface treatments on zirconia-resin bonding and the effect of aging on bond durability for one year. Method: Three hundred and twenty zirconia blocks were divided into 4 equal study groups. Group 1 (control): as-sintered, group 2: (GB): grit-blasted, group 3: (LAS): laser-etched, group 4: (SIE): selective infiltration etching. Composite cylinders were bonded to the zirconia with resin cement and ceramic primer. Aging was performed following 3 different aging protocols: thermocycling, storage in distilled water, or storage in an enzymatic esterase solution. Micro-shear bond strength test (µSBS) was recorded using a universal testing machine. µSBS values were analyzed using two-way Analysis of Variance followed by Tukey post-hoc tests. Level of significance was set at 0.05. Results: GB, LAS and SIE groups showed significantly higher values when compared to control. Groups GB, LAS and SIE reported a significant decrease up to 50% in µSBS after water storage and enzymatic degradation, while control group reported a 90% decrease. Failure analysis showed mainly adhesive failure for control group, while the percentage of cohesive failure in resin cement was higher in SIE group compared to GB and LAS groups. Conclusion: Water aging and esterase solutions played a significant role by increasing bond degradation. A minimum of one-year water and esterase storage medium should be used to evaluate the durability of the bond between resin cement and zirconia.

3.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 20(9): 1003-1008, 2019 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797819

RESUMEN

AIM: The study aimed to assess the effect of friction and adhesion on the pushout bond strength of CAD/CAM fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) post and cores in comparison to prefabricated fiber posts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty extracted single-rooted premolars were divided into three groups (N = 10): CP: CAD/CAM FRC posts (Trilor, Bioloren) cemented with self-adhesive resin cement (Rely X U200, 3M) as control group. CPL: CAD/CAM FRC composite posts cemented with the same self-adhesive resin cement after lubricating the root canal with petroleum jelly (Vaseline, Unilever) to prevent adhesion. RXP: prefabricated posts cemented with self-adhesive resin cement. Specimens were subjected to thermal cycling and then to pushout tests. The mode of failure was observed using a stereomicroscope. Results were analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by a Tukey's post hoc test for comparison, p = 0.05. RESULTS: Push-out bond strength was significantly lower in the RXP group (8.54 ± 3.35 MPa) in comparison to CP (12.10 ± 1.38 MPa), while no significant differences were concluded between the other groups. Failure was mostly adhesive for CPL and RXP and adhesive and mixed for CP. CONCLUSION: Custom made CAD/CAM posts have a positive effect on the retention of FRC posts to root canal walls while adhesion between self-adhesive cement and root dentin did not influence significantly the pushout bond strength of CAD/CAM posts to root canal. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The friction of well-adapted CAD/CAM fiber post and cores plays a predominant role in the success of post restorations of endodontically treated teeth.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Técnica de Perno Muñón , Resinas Compuestas , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Cavidad Pulpar , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Vidrio , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina
4.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 11: 119-129, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213925

RESUMEN

Purpose: The purpose of this laboratory study was to evaluate the effect of different surface treatment combinations on resin zirconia bonding. Materials and methods: One hundred and five pre-sintered zirconia quadrangles were prepared out of zirconia blocks, polished, then sintered and divided into five groups (n=21). Group I (control): samples were untreated, group II: grit-blasting with 50 µm alumina particles, group III: grit-blasting with 100 µm alumina particles, group IV: Er,Cr:YSGG laser, and group V: selective infiltration etching technique. Microstructural analysis was performed using scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, a diffractometer, and a profilometer. Cylinders of composite resin were luted with Panavia resin composite cementand Clearfil ceramic primer. Shear bond strength (SBS) was determined using a universal testing machine. Results: SBS results were analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey post hoc tests for multiple comparisons. The level of significance was set to 0.05. SBS values of the studied groups II, III, IV, and V were 16.2±1.8 MPa, 15.7±3.7 MPa, 14.8±3.4 MPa, and 16.8±3.0 MPa, respectively. All values were significantly higher than the control group (10.48±1.80 MPa), but without a significant difference between them. Group III exhibited the roughest surface, and Group I had a more significantly reduced surface roughness value than any other group. Group III presented the highest significant increase of tetragonal to monoclinic phase transformation (13%). Conclusion: The use of grit-blasting with greater particles size enhanced SBS with resin composite cement, but induced a higher amount of monoclinic phase transformation. The use of primer based on adhesive monomer with the resin cement is required to enhance the bonding efficiency. The use of laser enhanced the surface roughness and the bonding ability to zirconia.

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 1803425, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29992135

RESUMEN

This study evaluated the effect of air abrasion before and after sintering with different particle type, shape, and size on the surface morphology, monoclinic phase transformation, and bond strength between resin cement and zirconia surface using primer containing silane and MDP. Airborne particle abrasion (APA) was performed on zirconia before and after sintering with different particle shape and size (50 µm Al2O3 and 25 µm silica powder). 120 square shaped presintered zirconia samples (Amann Girrbach) were prepared (3 mm height × 10 mm width × 10 mm length) and polished with grit papers #800, 1000, 1200, 1500, and 2000. Samples were divided into 6 groups according to surface treatment-group A: (control) no surface treatment; group B: APA 50 µm Al2O3 before sintering (BS); group C: APA 50 µm Al2O3 after sintering (AS); group D: APA25 µm silica powder (BS); group E: APA25 µm silica powder (AS) at a pressure of 3.5 bar; and group F: APA 25 µm silica powder (AS) at a pressure of 4 bar. Samples were analyzed using XRD, AFM, and SEM. The samples were submitted to shear bond strength (SBS) test. A dual cure resin cement (RelyX Ultimate) and primer (Scotchbond Universal) were used. Data were analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey test (α ≥ 0.05). APA in group B significantly increased the surface roughness when compared to all other groups. A significant monoclinic phase transformation (t-m) value was observed in groups C and F and a reverse transformation occurred in presintered groups. The SBS value of group A was 11.58 ± 1.43 and the highest significant shear bond strength value was for groups B (15.86 ± 1.92) and C (17.59 ± 2.21 MPa) with no significant difference between them. Conclusions. The use of APA 50 µm Al2O3 before sintering and the application of primer containing MDP seem to be valuable methods for durable bonding with zirconia. The use of APA 50 µm Al2O3 after sintering induced the highest (t-m) phase transformation.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Circonio , Óxido de Aluminio , Materiales Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
6.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 19(2): 156-165, 2018 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29422464

RESUMEN

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on roughness, grain size, and phase transformation of presintered zirconia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surface treatments included airborne particle abrasion (APA) before and after sintering with different particles shape, size, and pressure (50 µm Al2O3, 50 µm glass beads, and ceramic powder). Thirty-five square-shaped presin-tered yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramic slabs (Zenostar ZR bridge, Wieland) were prepared (4 mm height × 10 mm width × 10 mm length) and polished with silicon carbide grit papers #800, 1000, 1200, 1500, and 2000 to ensure identical initial roughness. Specimens were divided into five groups according to surface treatment: group I (control): no surface treatment; group II: APA 50 µm Al2O3 after sintering; group III: APA 50 µm Al2O3 particles before sintering; group IV: APA 50 µm glass bead particles before sintering; and group V: APA ceramic powder before sintering. Specimens were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses, and tested for shear bond strength (SBS). Data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by post hoc tests for multiple comparisons Tukey's test (a > 0.05). RESULTS: Air abrasion before sintering significantly increased the surface roughness when compared with groups I and III. The highest tetragonal to monoclinic (t-m) phase transformation (0.07%) was observed in group III, and a reverse transformation was observed in presintered groups (0.01%). Regarding bond strength, there was a significant difference between APA procedures pre- and postsintering. CONCLUSION: Air abrasion before sintering is a valuable method for increasing surface roughness and SBS. The abrasive particles' size and type used before sintering had a little effect on phase transformation. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Air abrasion before sintering could be supposed to be an alternative surface treatment method to air abrasion after sintering.


Asunto(s)
Abrasión Dental por Aire/métodos , Circonio/química , Óxido de Aluminio/química , Compuestos Inorgánicos de Carbono/química , Cerámica/química , Materiales Dentales/química , Vidrio/química , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía de Fuerza Atómica , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Tamaño de la Partícula , Transición de Fase , Presión , Resistencia al Corte , Compuestos de Silicona/química , Propiedades de Superficie , Difracción de Rayos X
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