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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805123

RESUMEN

This study investigated the cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-based features of the mandibular canal, mental foramen, anterior loop, and accessory mental foramina with respect to age and sex. A total of 306 CBCT mandibular images were included in this retrospective study to measure the mandibular canal location and extension, the mental foramen position, the presence of the anterior loop, and the accessory mental foramina. The measurements were obtained in sagittal, coronal, and axial views. Descriptive statistics are presented. Sex-related differences, correlations, and comparisons were calculated using SPSS at 5% significance level. The mandibular canal was located more coronal and medial in male patients. The majority of cases had the mental foramen located just apical to the mandibular second premolar with a mean height of 2.94 mm and a mean length of 3.28 mm. Age affected the size of the mental foramen. The mental canal in all cases tended to show a coronal direction. Mesial extension of the anterior loop was found in 66.01% of the images while accessory mental foramina were detected in 2.6%. The complexity of the mandibular canal, mental foramen, anterior loop, and accessory mental foramina among Sudanese patients with respect to age and sex was confirmed.

2.
J Clin Med ; 10(5)2021 Feb 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33669002

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to collect long-term restorative and endodontic outcomes of endodontically treated teeth (ETT). METHODS: 298 teeth were included in the study and were recalled up to 18 years with a media of 10.2 years. At baseline, 198 sample teeth (66.44%) showed symptoms and 164 (55%) had periapical radiolucency. The most frequently used obturation techniques were warm gutta-percha in 80% of cases, and by carrier in 20%. A total of 192 ETT were restored by direct resin composite restorations, and 106 posts were luted. Moreover, 75 (25.16%) direct restorations remained as final restorations, 137 single crowns (45.97%), 42 (14.09%) partial adhesive crowns, and 42 (14.09%) abutments of fixed bridges were the final treatments. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed (α = 0.05). A Cox regression model was made. RESULTS: results showed success for 92.6% of ETT up to 18 years, 2.68% (8 ETT) showed irreversible failures, and 14 (4.69%) reversible complications. Four ETT (1.34%) failed because of root fracture and the other four (1.34%) because of endodontic complications. Eight ETT (2.69%) showed non-irreversible periodontal complications and the other six (2.01%) prosthodontic complications. Accordingly, with Kaplan-Meier analysis, the survival rate after 18 years was 97.3% (Interval of Confidence (IC) 95.1-98.3). The presence of a short or long (at least 1 mm related to radiographic apex) quality endodontic filling displayed a statistically significant higher risk of complication (hazard ratio (HR) = 17.00 (IC 5.68-56.84). Furthermore, a clinically detectable not precise coronal margins predicts the presence of any clinical complication with a hazard ratio almost seven times higher than endodontically treated teeth with a proper margin (HR = 6.89 (IC 2.03-23.38), while the presence of lucency at the baseline did not affect the risk of complication (HR = 0.575 (IC 0.205-1.61). The presence of post, tooth position in the arch, and the type of it did not show a high-risk rate (HR = 1.85, 1.98, and 2.24, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: a correct filling (at the apex) of root canals combined with proper coronal margins allow obtaining a long-term high success rate in teeth with a periapical lesion at the baseline. The use of a post or not, when its placement is related to the residual amount of the crown, does not change the final outcome of the ETT.

3.
J Clin Med ; 10(4)2021 Feb 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670562

RESUMEN

Plasma cell gingivitis (PCG) is an infrequent inflammatory disease of the gingiva of unknown etiology, characterized by a dense polyclonal proliferation of plasma cells in the connective tissue. The aim of this study was to present a case series of patients affected by PCG, analyzing demographic, clinical, histopathological, and therapeutic data. A group of 36 females and 9 males with a mean age of 60.3 years was evaluated. Clinically, 25 cases were bullous, a clinical phenotype never reported to date, 4 erythematous, 4 keratotic, 4 verruciform, and 3 ulcerative. On histological examination, pure polyclonal plasma cell infiltrate was detected in 20 specimens, while in 25 specimens it was associated with a mixed infiltrate. The first-line therapy consisted of oral hygiene and topical corticosteroids in all patients. In 25 patients, doxycycline and sulfasalazine were added; in 10 of these patients, the disease persisted, and it was necessary to resort to systemic steroids. This study presented the clinico-pathological profile and outcomes of a case series of PCG. This could be an aid for clinicians to be aware of the heterogeneous clinical phenotype and of the possible pure bullous phenotype of PCG. Further studies are needed to improve the knowledge about this disorder.

4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671518

RESUMEN

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an ongoing global health crisis with unmatched outcomes and effects. This pandemic has caused an infodemic of article publication in scientific journals. Dental journals have been active in the publication of COVID-19 related articles from the beginning of the pandemic. In this cross-sectional survey, we present an analysis of the scientific output of dental journals on COVID-19. The PubMed COVID-19 database was searched with the "Dental Journals" filter. Data including journal name, country, month of publication and number of citations were recorded. Science mapping analysis of the most used keywords was also performed. The search retrieved a total of 659 articles, of which 28 were excluded. Oral Diseases has published the most COVID-19 articles (15.1%), followed by the British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (8.6%) and the Journal of Dental Education (7.9%). Most of the articles were from researchers from the United States (168), United Kingdom (120) and Brazil (83). The number of citations of the published articles ranged from 0 to 406, with most articles (64.2%) having no citations. Science Mapping analysis revealed that the most used keywords were coronavirus infections, pandemics and humans. The dental community has been active in the publication of COVID-19 articles from the beginning of the pandemic. The papers published by dental journals explore issues such as the management of clinical practices during the outbreak, infection control in the dental setting, signs and symptoms of COVID-19 affecting the oral cavity, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on educational and clinical programs.


Asunto(s)
Bibliometría , Odontología , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/tendencias , Brasil , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Pandemias , Reino Unido , Estados Unidos
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6631757, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33623784

RESUMEN

The human papilloma virus (HPV) is responsible for different pathological manifestations in humans. This agent gives rise to lesions of different types and in different areas of the organism, including the oral cavity. The aim of this study is to show which are the main diseases for which HPV is responsible and to bring to light some of the interceptive and therapeutic strategies. The analysis was conducted by consulting the major scientific databases with the aim of obtaining information on the characteristics of oral HPV and its management; furthermore, the literature was supported by some clinical cases proposed by the authors. The role of dentistry is essential in the early diagnosis of this type of pathologies and above all in knowing how to direct patients towards a path that can lead to patient management, especially in the event that these lesions have a malignant potential. Enhancing the knowledge and role of dentistry can lead to early diagnosis of this type of injury, intercepting a pathology that could have multiorgan implications.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8840598, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506039

RESUMEN

The present investigation is aimed at systematically analyzing the recent literature about the innovative scaffold involved in the reconstructive surgeries by applying growth factors and tissue engineering. An extensive review of the contemporary literature was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines by accessing the PubMed, Embase, and Scopus Elsevier databases. Authors performed the English language manuscript research published from 2003 to 2020. A total of 13 relevant studies were included in the present review. The present systematic review included only papers with significant results about correlation between scaffold, molecular features of growth factor, and reconstructive surgeries in oral maxillofacial district. The initial research with filters recorded about 1023 published papers. Beyond reading and considering of suitability, only 42 and then 36 full-text papers were recorded for the revision. All the researches recorded the possibility of using growth factors on rebuilding atrophic jaws. Different growth factors like morphogenetic factors, cytokines, and inflammatory ones and their application over different scaffold materials were recorded. Further investigations should be required in order to state scientific evidence about a clear advantage of applying tissue engineering for therapeutic purpose.

7.
J Clin Med ; 9(12)2020 Nov 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260782

RESUMEN

The implementation of hydraulic calcium silicate-based endodontic cements (HCSCs) in biologically based endodontic procedures for the primary dentition has been recently investigated, focusing on the biological response of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) towards them. The present systematic review aimed to present a qualitative synthesis of the available literature consisting of in vitro assays, which assessed the cytocompatibility and bioactive properties of HCSCs in direct contact with SHEDs. Following the PRISMA statement, an electronic database search was carried out in Medline, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, and SciELO on March 31st and updated on November 16th, 2020. In vitro studies evaluating the biological response of SHEDs to the treatment with HCSCs were eligible. Within the term biological response, assays assessing the cytocompatibility (i.e., cell viability, migration, proliferation), cell plasticity or differentiation (i.e., osteo/odontogenic marker expression), and bioactivity or biomineralization (i.e., mineralized nodule formation) were included. A total of seven studies were included after the selection process. The study sample comprised an extensive range of cell viability, migration, proliferation, adhesion, and bioactivity assays regarding the biological response of SHEDs towards five different commercially available HCSCs (MTA, ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, iRoot BP Plus, and Theracal LC). Biodentine, MTA, and iRoot BP Plus showed significant positive results in cytocompatibility and bioactivity assays when cultured with SHEDs. The results from in vitro assays assessing the cytocompatibility and bioactivity of the HCSCs MTA, Biodentine, and iRoot BP Plus towards SHEDs support their use in vital pulp treatment for the primary dentition.

8.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(19)2020 Sep 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008078

RESUMEN

Researchers have always been interested in finding new and effective materials for protection against radiation. This experimental study aimed to design and fabricate new types of nano-material and micro-material based shields against the ionizing effect of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) X-rays. To fabricate a flexible prototype, we added dioctyl phthalate (DOP) oil to emulsion polyvinyl chloride (PVC) powder. The paste was mixed and dispersed. Then, nano- and micro-powders of WO3 and Bi2O3 were added to the paste, with the weight ratio of 20% PVC, 20% DOP, and 60% nano- and micro-metals. Using an ultrasonic mixer, the polymer matrix and metals were mixed and a paste with a thick texture was developed. The resultant paste was poured into glass molds and the molds were then heated in an oven. After cooling, the resultant sheets were selected for further experiments. A CBCT unit and dosimeter were used to evaluate the characterization and X-ray shielding properties of the fabricated prototypes. The half-value layers (HVL) for nano-WO3, micro-WO3, nano-Bi2O3, and micro-Bi2O3 were 0.0390, 0.0524, 0.0351, and 0.0374 cm, respectively. In addition, the linear attenuation coefficient (µ) for these materials were 17.77, 13.20, 19.71, and 18.5 cm-1, respectively. The findings indicate that nano-structured samples are more effective in the attenuation of X-ray energy. The nano-structured WO3 prototype was nearly 34% more efficient in attenuating radiation compared to the micro-structured WO3 prototype. This difference in nano- and micro-structured Bi2O3 prototypes was 6.5%.

9.
J Clin Med ; 9(11)2020 Oct 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33114249

RESUMEN

Dental caries is a disease of dental hard tissues, considered the most common non-communicable disease worldwide. Conventional treatments for caries removal are often associated with pain and fear, so different therapeutic approaches have been developed towards more conservative and pleasant treatments. This systematic review aimed to assess the efficacy and patient's acceptance of alternative methods for caries removal compared to conventional methods. The Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline/Pubmed, Web of Science, and Clinical Trials databases were searched. Clinical trials of primary dental caries treated with alternative methods were included. The last search was performed on 5 August 2020. The Population, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome (PICO) strategy was followed. Thirty-seven clinical trials were included, reporting caries removal using alternative (chemomechanical-Brix 3000, Carie-care, Carisolv and Papacarie, laser-Er:YAG (Erbium-doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet) and Er,Cr:YSGG (Erbium, Chromium-doped Yttrium, Scandium, Gallium and Garnet), and a system combining air and sono-abrasion-Vector® System) and conventional methods. Alternative methods tended to prolong treatment time and lessen anesthesia need. All treatments were effective in reducing cariogenic flora, and the restoration's performance did not differ significantly. Chemomechanical solutions seemed to be the best option towards minimally invasive treatments, with good control during application and action and good treatment experiences for patients. Papacarie was demonstrated to be an effective method for caries removal with less pain, and superior acceptance by patients when compared to conventional treatments.

10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33114340

RESUMEN

The current study was conducted to assess the extent of maxillary arch collapse on the cleft vis-a-vis non-cleft sides in the same individual presenting withunilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Thirty-one children (eighteen boys andthirteen girls) with surgically repaired UCLP, who met the inclusion criteria, were selected. Following the acquisition of CBCT scans, fourteen bilateral landmarks were selected. The distance of the bilateral landmark was calculated from the midsagittal plane on the cleft and non-cleft sides for both frontal and axial views. Tracings were done;the data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis;and intra-observer variability was checked with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and two-way ANOVA. Subsequently, the measurements were subjected to paired t-tests at the 95% level of significance with Bonferroni correction. A significant reduction of pyriforme and an alveolar crest above the maxillary 1st molar were discerned in frontal analysis on the cleft side. In the axial view, the zygomatic arch, malar, porion and alveolar crest at the molar region were non-significant, but the alveolar crest at the premolar region (p < 0.004)) was significantly decreased. In the frontal analysis, pyriforme and the alveolar crest above the maxillary 1st molar, and, in the axial view, premolar widths, showed significant reduction when comparing the cleft vis-a-vis non-cleft sides.

11.
J Clin Med ; 9(9)2020 Aug 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867142

RESUMEN

Translational medicine aims to translate the most promising preclinical research into clinical practice. Oncology is a continuously growing medical field: the scientific research on cancer biology is currently based on in vitro experiments, carried out on tissue culture plates (TCPs) and other 2D samples. In this context, 3D printing has greatly improved the biofabrication of new biological matrices that mimic the extracellular environments, which may characterize healthy from cancerous tissues. Organoids have recently been described in several reports on scientific literature. The term that better describes such organoids-based tumoral tissues is "tumoroids". Tumoroids are substantially "tumor-like organoids", typically deriving from primary tumors harvested from patients. This topical review aims to give an update on organoids applied in translational medicine, paying specific attention to their use in the investigation of the main molecular mechanisms of cancer onset and growth, and on the most impacting strategies for effective targeted therapies.

12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756475

RESUMEN

The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization have developed preparedness and prevention checklists for healthcare professionals regarding the containment of COVID-19. The aim of the present protocol is to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak among dentists in different countries where various prevalence of the epidemic has been reported. Several research groups around the world were contacted by the central management team. The online anonymous survey will be conducted on a convenience sample of dentists working both in national health systems and in private or public clinics. In each country/area, a high (~5-20%) proportion of dentists working there will be invited to participate. The questionnaire, developed and standardized previously in Italy, has four domains: (1) personal data; (2) symptoms/signs relative to COVID-19; (3) working conditions and PPE (personal protective equipment) adopted after the infection's outbreak; (4) knowledge and self-perceived risk of infection. The methodology of this international survey will include translation, pilot testing, and semantic adjustment of the questionnaire. The data will be entered on an Excel spreadsheet and quality checked. Completely anonymous data analyses will be performed by the central management team. This survey will give an insight into the dental profession during COVID-19 pandemic globally.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Odontólogos/psicología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Brotes de Enfermedades , Femenino , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Pandemias/prevención & control , Equipo de Protección Personal , Neumonía Viral/virología , Prevalencia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
13.
Int J Dent ; 2020: 8857238, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32849873

RESUMEN

Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in four electronic databases (Ovid via PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and CENTRAL) including all available randomised controlled trials published in the last 15 years comparing the use of dental amalgam with composite resins in humans with a follow-up period of at least one year. The primary outcome was the Hg concentration in biological fluids (urine, hair, blood, and saliva) with the aim of assessing their reliability as biomarkers of Hg exposure. The risk of bias was assessed through the Cochrane Collaboration tool and the overall quality of evidence through the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) system. The results of the meta-analysis were expressed using a random-effects model, and their power was assessed through the trial sequential analysis (TSA). Results: From the initial 2555 results, only 6 publications were included in the review: five were considered as having high risk of bias, whereas one as having moderate risk. Only two articles were eligible for quantitative analysis. The meta-analysis gathered data from 859 patients but was nevertheless not significant (p = 0.12). The TSA confirmed this evidence revealing that it was due to a lack of statistical power since the required information size (RIS) threshold is not reached. Conclusions: The existing evidence revealed that there are not enough data to support the hypothesis that restorations with dental amalgam can cause nephrotoxicity when compared with composite resins restorations.

14.
J Dent ; 101: 103419, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619571

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: the purpose of the present prospective trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of posterior 3-unit zirconia-based fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) after 14 years of clinical function. METHODS: thirty-seven patients needing to replace either premolars or molars were involved and 48 FDPs were fabricated (Procera Zirconia, Nobel Biocare AB). Frameworks with a9 mm2 cross section of the connectors and 0.6 mm minimum thickness of the retainers were made by means of Procera Forte CAD-CAM System (Nobel Biocare AB). The patients were recalled after 6 and 12 months and then yearly up to a total follow-up of 14 years. Two independent survival curves for patients wearing 1 or 2 FDPs were calculated by means of Kaplan-Meier analysis and a log-rank test was performed in order to compare these curves. The United States Public Health Service criteria were used to examine technical and esthetic outcomes. The biological examination was performed evaluating plaque control, pocket depth, attachment level, bleeding on probing at both abutments and contralateral teeth and evaluated by means of the Wilcoxon test (p < 0.05) between the baseline and the 14-year follow-up. RESULTS: descriptive statistics resulted in 91 % and 99 % cumulative survival rates for patients wearing 1 and 2 FDPs, respectively. There were no significant differences in periodontal parameters between control and test teeth. Both function and esthetic results were successful for FDPs over a 14-year follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: the results of this prospective clinical study confirmed the effectiveness of zirconia as a clinical option to fabricate short-span posterior FDPs. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: within the limitations of the present prospective clinical study, zirconia-based three-unit fixed dental prostheses perform satisfactorily on long term, in posterior areas and in patients with standard biomechanical conditions.

15.
J Clin Med ; 9(6)2020 Jun 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516953

RESUMEN

Early diagnosis of oral cancer through visual inspection followed by histopathological confirmation is a pivotal step for reducing rates of morbidity and mortality. There are several auxiliary devices used to improve oral examination. The purpose of this cross-sectional pilot study is to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the Visually Enhance Lesion Scope (VelScope) system when it is used by the general dentist after a yearly oral medicine training. Thirty-five patients with oral lesions were evaluated with clinical and VelScope examination by two general dentists, one of which trained with a specific course. A comparison of the histopathological results, clinical examination, and VelScope made by both dentists was performed through statistical analysis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) for detecting oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) are 53.3%, 65%, 53.3%, 76.5% for unskilled dentist, 73.3%, 65%, 61.1%, 76.5% for skilled clinician. When both examiners use VelScope the values are 53.3%, 70%, 57.1%, 66.7% for unskilled general dentist (u-GD), 86.7%, 90%, 86.7%, 90% for skilled general dentist (s-GD). Improvement of a skilled general dentist for detecting malignancies is higher than inexperienced examiner when using VelScope. VelScope alone is unable to improve the general dentist's ability to detect malignancies, but it could be a useful adjunctive device for clinicians when a focused training program is performed.

16.
J Clin Med ; 9(6)2020 Jun 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498277

RESUMEN

In recent years, digital technologies have significantlychanged the clinical approach to medicine and dentistry. Innovative operative techniques and restorative materials have paved the way to a significant active boost towards full digital workflows. Particularly, novel dental materials offer undeniable advantages such as optimal mechanical resistance, excellent esthetic and optical properties, and reliable accuracy and precision, widening the clinical scenario and allowing for innovative and less invasive restorative solutions.

17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397490

RESUMEN

An accurate estimation of both facial growth and the dentoalveolar dimension is key to successful treatment. The aim of this study was to analyze the relation between the Condylion-Gonion-Menton angle (CoGoMe^) and dentoalveolar heights in a population of patients from southern Italy. This retrospective study analyzed 270 cephalograms of 115 males (42.1%, mean age 15.5 ± 5.2 years) and 155 females (57.9%, mean age 15.6 ± 5.9 years). The facial divergency was evaluated with the Sella-Nasion and Gonion-Gnation angle (SN^GoGn), mandibular structure with the CoGoMe^, and dentoalveolar heights were assessed in four measurements: upper anterior (UADH), lower anterior (LADH), upper posterior (UPDH), and lower posterior (LPDH). Data were analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation and linear regression model (p < 0.05). All the dentoalveolar heights were strongly correlated among them (p < 0.001). The UADH was correlated with the SN^GoGn (r = 0.145; p = 0.017), while the LPDH was correlated with the CoGoMe^ (r = -0.183; p = 0.003). Moreover, there was a positive association between the UADH and the SN^GoGn (B = 0.08; 95% CI: 0.014-0.144; p = 0.017), and a negative association between the CoGoMe^ and the LPDH (B = -0.098; 95% CI: -0.161-0.035; p = 0.003). Facial divergency and mandibular structure are associated with dentoalveolar heights.


Asunto(s)
Mandíbula , Desarrollo Maxilofacial , Adolescente , Cefalometría , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Italia , Masculino , Mandíbula/crecimiento & desarrollo , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
18.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(9)2020 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397585

RESUMEN

Biocompatibility is an essential property for any vital pulp material that may interact with the dental pulp tissues. Accordingly, this study aimed to compare the chemical composition and ultrastructural morphology of Biodentine (Septodont, Saint Maur-des-Fosses, France), ProRoot MTA (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Johnson City, TN, USA), and Bio-C Repair (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil), as well as their biological effects on human dental pulp cells. Chemical element characterization of the materials was undertaken using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDX). The cytotoxicity was assessed by analyzing the cell viability (MTT assay), cell morphology (immunofluorescence assay), and cell attachment (flow cytometry assay). The results were statistically analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). EDX revealed that ProRoot MTA and Biodentine were mostly composed of calcium, carbon, and oxygen (among others), whereas Bio-C Repair evidenced a low concentration of calcium and the highest concentration of zirconium. SEM showed adequate attachment of human dental pulp cells (hDPCS) to vital pulp materials and cytoskeletal alterations were not observed in the presence of material eluates. Remarkably, the undiluted Biodentine group showed higher viability than the control group cells (without eluates) at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h (p < 0.001). Based on the evidence derived from an in vitro cellular study, it was concluded that Bio-C Repair showed excellent cytocompatibility that was similar to Biodentine and ProRoot MTA.

20.
Dent J (Basel) ; 8(2)2020 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32260114

RESUMEN

Regenerative dentistry represents a novel interdisciplinary approach involving biomaterials, several molecules and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), preferably derived from oral tissues. The pivotal role of MSCs depends on the fact that they can differentiate into different cell lineages and have the strategic role to release bioactive substances that stimulate the renewal and regeneration of damaged tissues. The role of regenerative dentistry is promising in all the branches of dentistry: the most intriguing application is related to the management of endodontic and periodontal defects, overcoming the surgical approach and the implantology as a consequence of a poorly efficient therapeutic plan.

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