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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(14): 146802, 2020 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32338960

RESUMEN

Density-functional theory is used to explore the Si(553)-Au surface dynamics. Our study (i) reveals a complex two-stage order-disorder phase transition where with rising temperature first the ×3 order along the Si step edges and, subsequently, the ×2 order of the Au chains is lost, (ii) identifies the transient modification of the electron chemical potential during soft Au chain vibrations as instrumental for disorder at the step edge, and (iii) shows that the transition leads to a self-doping of the Si dangling-bond wire at the step edge. The calculations are corroborated by Raman measurements of surface phonon modes and explain previous electron diffraction, scanning tunneling microscopy, and surface transport data.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 120(16): 166801, 2018 Apr 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29756924

RESUMEN

We propose a quantitative and reversible method for tuning the charge localization of Au-stabilized stepped Si surfaces by site-specific hydrogenation. This is demonstrated for Si(553)-Au as a model system by combining density functional theory simulations and reflectance anisotropy spectroscopy experiments. We find that controlled H passivation is a two-step process: step-edge adsorption drives excess charge into the conducting metal chain "reservoir" and renders it insulating, while surplus H recovers metallic behavior. Our approach illustrates a route towards microscopic manipulation of the local surface charge distribution and establishes a reversible switch of site-specific chemical reactivity and magnetic properties on vicinal surfaces.

9.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 52(6): 560-2, 1992.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1340906

RESUMEN

This 42-year-old male patient voluntarily discontinued treatment for lung TBC and twenty days later developed acute paraplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a large intramedullary cavity extending from T2 to the conus medullaris. Having resumed anti-TBC treatment, the patient progressed favourably, despite any change in cavity size. Tuberculous meningitis may be complicated by the appearance of intramedullary cavities by two distinct mechanisms: 1) adhesive arachnoiditis at the skull base with obstruction of Luschka and Magendie foramina, followed by hydrocephalus and hydromyelia; and 2) spinal cord arachnoiditis with the development of arachnoidal and intramedullary cysts. In either case, symptoms are of late presentation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in the literature of lung tuberculosis associated with syringomyelia but without basal arachnoiditis. Acute clinical presentation with paraplegia is exceptional.


Asunto(s)
Paraplejía/etiología , Siringomielia/etiología , Tuberculosis Pulmonar/complicaciones , Enfermedad Aguda , Adulto , Antituberculosos/uso terapéutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Masculino , Paraplejía/diagnóstico , Paraplejía/tratamiento farmacológico , Siringomielia/diagnóstico , Siringomielia/tratamiento farmacológico , Negativa del Paciente al Tratamiento , Tuberculosis Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Tuberculosis Pulmonar/tratamiento farmacológico
10.
Medicina [B Aires] ; 52(6): 560-2, 1992.
Artículo en Español | BINACIS | ID: bin-51035

RESUMEN

This 42-year-old male patient voluntarily discontinued treatment for lung TBC and twenty days later developed acute paraplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a large intramedullary cavity extending from T2 to the conus medullaris. Having resumed anti-TBC treatment, the patient progressed favourably, despite any change in cavity size. Tuberculous meningitis may be complicated by the appearance of intramedullary cavities by two distinct mechanisms: 1) adhesive arachnoiditis at the skull base with obstruction of Luschka and Magendie foramina, followed by hydrocephalus and hydromyelia; and 2) spinal cord arachnoiditis with the development of arachnoidal and intramedullary cysts. In either case, symptoms are of late presentation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in the literature of lung tuberculosis associated with syringomyelia but without basal arachnoiditis. Acute clinical presentation with paraplegia is exceptional.

11.
Medicina [B Aires] ; 52(6): 560-2, 1992.
Artículo en Español | BINACIS | ID: bin-37938

RESUMEN

This 42-year-old male patient voluntarily discontinued treatment for lung TBC and twenty days later developed acute paraplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a large intramedullary cavity extending from T2 to the conus medullaris. Having resumed anti-TBC treatment, the patient progressed favourably, despite any change in cavity size. Tuberculous meningitis may be complicated by the appearance of intramedullary cavities by two distinct mechanisms: 1) adhesive arachnoiditis at the skull base with obstruction of Luschka and Magendie foramina, followed by hydrocephalus and hydromyelia; and 2) spinal cord arachnoiditis with the development of arachnoidal and intramedullary cysts. In either case, symptoms are of late presentation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in the literature of lung tuberculosis associated with syringomyelia but without basal arachnoiditis. Acute clinical presentation with paraplegia is exceptional.

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