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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(18): 185301, 2021 Oct 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767383

RESUMEN

Collective (elementary) excitations of quantum bosonic condensates, including condensates of exciton polaritons in semiconductor microcavities, are a sensitive probe of interparticle interactions. In anisotropic microcavities with momentum-dependent transverse-electric-transverse-magnetic splitting of the optical modes, the excitations' dispersions are predicted to be strongly anisotropic, which is a consequence of the synthetic magnetic gauge field of the cavity, as well as the interplay between different interaction strengths for polaritons in the singlet and triplet spin configurations. Here, by directly measuring the dispersion of the collective excitations in a high-density optically trapped exciton-polariton condensate, we observe excellent agreement with the theoretical predictions for spinor polariton excitations. We extract the interaction constants for polaritons of the same and opposite spin and map out the characteristic spin textures in an interacting spinor condensate of exciton polaritons.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(7): 075301, 2021 Feb 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666453

RESUMEN

We report the observation of low-energy, low-momenta collective oscillations of an exciton-polariton condensate in a round "box" trap. The oscillations are dominated by the dipole and breathing modes, and the ratio of the frequencies of the two modes is consistent with that of a weakly interacting two-dimensional trapped Bose gas. The speed of sound extracted from the dipole oscillation frequency is smaller than the Bogoliubov sound, which can be partly explained by the influence of the incoherent reservoir. These results pave the way for understanding the effects of reservoir, dissipation, energy relaxation, and finite temperature on the superfluid properties of exciton-polariton condensates and other two-dimensional open-dissipative quantum fluids.

3.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3529, 2018 08 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30154461

RESUMEN

The original PDF version of this Article had an incorrect Published online date of 25 December 2018; it should have been 9 August 2018. This has been corrected in the PDF version of the Article. The HTML version was correct from the time of publication.

4.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 2944, 2018 08 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30093641

RESUMEN

A bosonic condensate of exciton polaritons in a semiconductor microcavity is a macroscopic quantum state subject to pumping and decay. The fundamental nature of this driven-dissipative condensate is still under debate. Here, we gain an insight into spontaneous condensation by imaging long-lifetime exciton polaritons in a high-quality inorganic microcavity in a single-shot optical excitation regime, without averaging over multiple condensate realisations. We demonstrate that condensation is strongly influenced by an incoherent reservoir and that the reservoir depletion, the so-called spatial hole burning, is critical for the transition to the ground state. Condensates of photon-like polaritons exhibit strong shot-to-shot fluctuations and density filamentation due to the effective self-focusing associated with the reservoir depletion. In contrast, condensates of exciton-like polaritons display smoother spatial density distributions and are second-order coherent. Our observations show that the single-shot measurements offer a unique opportunity to study fundamental properties of non-equilibrium condensation in the presence of a reservoir.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 120(6): 065301, 2018 Feb 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29481285

RESUMEN

We demonstrate the generation of chiral modes-vortex flows with fixed handedness in exciton-polariton quantum fluids. The chiral modes arise in the vicinity of exceptional points (non-Hermitian spectral degeneracies) in an optically induced resonator for exciton polaritons. In particular, a vortex is generated by driving two dipole modes of the non-Hermitian ring resonator into degeneracy. Transition through the exceptional point in the space of the system's parameters is enabled by precise manipulation of real and imaginary parts of the closed-wall potential forming the resonator. As the system is driven to the vicinity of the exceptional point, we observe the formation of a vortex state with a fixed orbital angular momentum (topological charge). This method can be extended to generate higher-order orbital angular momentum states through coalescence of multiple non-Hermitian spectral degeneracies. Our Letter demonstrates the possibility of exploiting nontrivial and counterintuitive properties of waves near exceptional points in macroscopic quantum systems.

6.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 11644, 2017 09 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28912507

RESUMEN

To study interactions of airborne pathogens, e.g. Aspergillus (A.) fumigatus with upper and lower respiratory tract epithelial and immune cells, we set up a perfused 3D human bronchial and small airway epithelial cell system. Culturing of normal human bronchial or small airway epithelial (NHBE, SAE) cells under air liquid interphase (ALI) and perfusion resulted in a significantly accelerated development of the lung epithelia associated with higher ciliogenesis, cilia movement, mucus-production and improved barrier function compared to growth under static conditions. Following the accelerated differentiation under perfusion, epithelial cells were transferred into static conditions and antigen-presenting cells (APCs) added to study their functionality upon infection with A. fumigatus. Fungi were efficiently sensed by apically applied macrophages or basolaterally adhered dendritic cells (DCs), as illustrated by phagocytosis, maturation and migration characteristics. We illustrate here that perfusion greatly improves differentiation of primary epithelial cells in vitro, which enables fast-track addition of primary immune cells and significant shortening of experimental procedures. Additionally, co-cultured primary DCs and macrophages were fully functional and fulfilled their tasks of sensing and sampling fungal pathogens present at the apical surface of epithelial cells, thereby promoting novel possibilities to study airborne infections under conditions mimicking the in vivo situation.


Asunto(s)
Aspergillus fumigatus/inmunología , Aspergilosis Pulmonar/microbiología , Aspergilosis Pulmonar/patología , Células Presentadoras de Antígenos/inmunología , Células Presentadoras de Antígenos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cultivo de Célula , Células Dendríticas/inmunología , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Interacciones Huésped-Patógeno/inmunología , Humanos , Inmunofenotipificación , Interleucina-8/genética , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Macrófagos/inmunología , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fagocitosis/inmunología , Fenotipo , Mucosa Respiratoria/inmunología , Mucosa Respiratoria/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratoria/patología , Mucosa Respiratoria/ultraestructura
7.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 42(9): 1037-50, 2015 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26307025

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hiccups are familiar to everyone, but remain poorly understood. Acute hiccups can often be terminated by physical manoeuvres. In contrast, persistent and intractable hiccups that continue for days or months are rare, but can be distressing and difficult to treat. AIM: To review the management of hiccups, including a systematic review of reported efficacy and safety of pharmacological treatments. METHODS: Available articles were identified using three electronic databases in addition to hand searching of published articles. Inclusion criteria were any reports of pharmaceutical therapy of 'hiccup(s)', 'hiccough(s)' or 'singultus' in English or German. RESULTS: Treatment of 341 patients with persistent or intractable hiccups was reported in 15 published studies. Management was most effective when directed at the underlying condition. An empirical trial of anti-reflux therapy may be appropriate. If the underlying cause is not known or not treatable, then a range of pharmacological agents may provide benefit; however, systematic review revealed no adequately powered, well-designed trials of treatment. The use of baclofen and metoclopramide are supported by small randomised, placebo-controlled trials. Observational data suggest that gabapentin and chlorpromazine are also effective. Baclofen and gabapentin are less likely than standard neuroleptic agents to cause side effects during long-term therapy. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review revealed no high quality data on which to base treatment recommendations. Based on limited efficacy and safety data, baclofen and gabapentin may be considered as first line therapy for persistent and intractable hiccups, with metoclopramide and chlorpromazine in reserve.


Asunto(s)
Aminas/uso terapéutico , Baclofeno/uso terapéutico , Clorpromazina/uso terapéutico , Ácidos Ciclohexanocarboxílicos/uso terapéutico , Hipo/tratamiento farmacológico , Hipo/fisiopatología , Metoclopramida/uso terapéutico , Ácido gamma-Aminobutírico/uso terapéutico , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapéutico , Antipsicóticos/uso terapéutico , Benzamidas/uso terapéutico , Agonistas de Receptores GABA-B/uso terapéutico , Gabapentina , Hipo/etiología , Hipo/terapia , Humanos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Resultado del Tratamiento
8.
Science ; 336(6086): 1280-3, 2012 Jun 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22679091

RESUMEN

A quantum computer requires systems that are isolated from their environment, but can be integrated into devices, and whose states can be measured with high accuracy. Nuclear spins in solids promise long coherence lifetimes, but they are difficult to initialize into known states and to detect with high sensitivity. We show how the distinctive optical properties of enriched (28)Si enable the use of hyperfine-resolved optical transitions, as previously applied to great effect for isolated atoms and ions in vacuum. Together with efficient Auger photoionization, these resolved hyperfine transitions permit rapid nuclear hyperpolarization and electrical spin-readout. We combine these techniques to detect nuclear magnetic resonance from dilute (31)P in the purest available sample of (28)Si, at concentrations inaccessible to conventional measurements, measuring a solid-state coherence time of over 180 seconds.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 104(13): 137402, 2010 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20481913

RESUMEN

As the deepest group-V donor in Si, Bi has by far the largest hyperfine interaction and also a large I = 9/2 nuclear spin. At zero field this splits the donor ground state into states having total spin 5 and 4, which are fully resolved in the photoluminescence spectrum of Bi donor bound excitons. Under a magnetic field, the 60 expected allowed transitions cannot be individually resolved, but the effects of the nuclear spin distribution, -9/2 < or = I(z) < or = 9/2, are clearly observed. A strong hyperpolarization of the nuclear spin towards I(z) = -9/2 is observed to result from the nonresonant optical excitation. This is very similar to the recently reported optical hyperpolarization of P donors observed by EPR at higher magnetic fields. We introduce a new model to explain this effect, and predict that it may be very fast.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 102(25): 257401, 2009 Jun 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19659118

RESUMEN

We demonstrate a method which can hyperpolarize both the electron and nuclear spins of 31P donors in Si at low field, where both would be essentially unpolarized in equilibrium. It is based on the selective ionization of donors in a specific hyperfine state by optically pumping donor bound exciton hyperfine transitions, which can be spectrally resolved in 28Si. Electron and nuclear polarizations of 90% and 76%, respectively, are obtained in less than a second, providing an initialization mechanism for qubits based on these spins, and enabling further ESR and NMR studies on dilute 31P in 28Si.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 100(17): 177402, 2008 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18518336

RESUMEN

Dramatic reductions of the linewidths of well-known deep centers in 28Si reveal "isotopic fingerprints" of the constituents. The approximately 1014 meV Cu center, thought to be either a Cu pair or an isolated Cu, is shown to contain four Cu atoms, and the approximately 780 meV Ag center is shown to contain four Ag. The approximately 944 meV ;{*}Cu center, thought to be a different configuration of a Cu pair, in fact contains three Cu and one Ag, and a new two-Cu two-Ag center is found. The approximately 735 meV center, previously assigned to Fe, actually contains Au and three Cu. This suggests a family of four-atom (Cu, Ag, Au) centers.

12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 97(22): 227401, 2006 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17155840

RESUMEN

We resolve the remarkably sharp bound exciton transitions of highly enriched 28Si using a single-frequency laser and photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy, as well as photocurrent spectroscopy. Well-resolved doublets in the spectrum of the 31P donor reflect the hyperfine coupling of the electronic and nuclear donor spins. The optical detection of the nuclear spin state, and selective pumping and ionization of donors in specific electronic and nuclear spin states, suggests a number of new possibilities which could be useful for the realization of silicon-based quantum computers.

13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 11(18): 2537-40, 2001 Sep 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11549464

RESUMEN

Starting from a complex bicyclic beta-lactam scaffold we have demonstrated the possible production of libraries of a new class of drug-like, highly substituted pyrrolidines. The choice of the type of substitution was made by optimizing various synthetic routes. The selection of each compound is the result of a filtration of a large virtual combinatorial chemical space, using simple criteria. The access to these complex pyrrolidines needed only four to six synthetic steps.


Asunto(s)
Química Orgánica/métodos , Técnicas Químicas Combinatorias , Pirrolidinas/síntesis química , Lactamas/química , Compuestos Orgánicos , Pirrolidinas/química
14.
J Clin Oncol ; 18(14): 2733-9, 2000 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10894873

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy and toxicity of docetaxel in patients with müllerian carcinoma resistant to paclitaxel. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with epithelial ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, or primary peritoneal cancer who failed paclitaxel-based chemotherapy received either 100 or 75 mg/m(2) of docetaxel every 3 weeks. Resistance to paclitaxel was defined as either progression of disease during treatment, failure to achieve regression of disease after at least four courses, or rapid recurrence (within 6 months) after completion of therapy. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were treated on a formal protocol and fourteen with the commercially available docetaxel. Thirty were assessable for response. Toxicities were thoroughly evaluated in the 18 patients on protocol. Twenty-seven patients (85%) had epithelial ovarian cancer. The overall response rate was 23% (one complete and six partial responses), with a median survival time of 44 weeks (9.5 months). Nine patients had stable disease and 14 progressive disease. Among 19 patients who progressed during prior paclitaxel treatment, two (11%) responded to docetaxel, compared with five (45%) of 11 patients in other paclitaxel-resistance categories. The responders had a median taxane-free interval (ie, the time between the last paclitaxel and first docetaxel treatment) of 73 weeks, compared with 19 weeks for the nonresponder group. Toxic effects were as expected. CONCLUSION: Docetaxel is an active chemotherapeutic agent in patients with müllerian carcinoma previously treated with paclitaxel-based chemotherapy, especially in the patients who had a long taxane-free interval after a previous short response to paclitaxel.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos Fitogénicos/uso terapéutico , Carcinoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de las Trompas Uterinas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ováricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Paclitaxel/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Peritoneales/tratamiento farmacológico , Taxoides , Adulto , Anciano , Docetaxel , Resistencia a Antineoplásicos , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Paclitaxel/uso terapéutico , Estudios Prospectivos , Estadísticas no Paramétricas , Análisis de Supervivencia
15.
Anticancer Drugs ; 10(4): 375-83, 1999 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10378672

RESUMEN

9-Nitrocamptothecin (9-NC) is a water-insoluble topoisomerase I inhibitor with a broad antitumor activity in animal models. A phase II study was performed in patients with heavily refractory ovarian, tubal or peritoneal cancer (median number of previous chemotherapy regimens > 3) to determine the activity of a daily oral dose of 9-NC. 9-NC dose was 1.5 mg/m2/day for four consecutive days every week. Increments of 0.25 mg/day were authorized in patients without significant side effects. Of 29 evaluable patients, a 7% remission rate was observed. Thirty-four percent of patients had stable disease. The median survival was 8 months. Toxicity was evaluated in 31 patients. Grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxicity consisted of anemia in 10 patients (32%), neutropenia in eight (26%) and thrombocytopenia in three (10%). Grade > or = 2 non-hematologic toxic effects were nausea and vomiting in 26 (84%), diarrhea in 12 (39%), weight loss in seven (22%), chemical cystitis in six (19%) and neutropenic sepsis in six (19%). 9-NC was tolerated for sustained periods of time in some patients (up to 47 weeks). The observed 8-month survival in such a refractory patient population is noteworthy. Further clinical research of prolonged exposure to less toxic analogs of 9-NC is warranted.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias de las Trompas Uterinas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ováricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneales/tratamiento farmacológico , Administración Oral , Adulto , Anciano , Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Camptotecina/efectos adversos , Camptotecina/farmacocinética , Camptotecina/uso terapéutico , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Neoplasias de las Trompas Uterinas/mortalidad , Neoplasias de las Trompas Uterinas/patología , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Ováricas/mortalidad , Neoplasias Ováricas/patología , Neoplasias Peritoneales/mortalidad , Neoplasias Peritoneales/patología , Tasa de Supervivencia
16.
Exp Gerontol ; 34(1): 59-67, 1999 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10197728

RESUMEN

Human peripheral long-term T-lymphocyte cell cultures show some characteristics similar to those of fibroblast cell lines, the latter of which have been used as in vitro systems for cellular aging studies for many years. Both show a limited in vitro life span, as well as a progressive prolongation of their cell cycle with increasing age. However, whereas T-cell cultures die from apoptosis at the end of their proliferative capacity, fibroblasts can be maintained for long periods of time in stationary cultures as postmitotic senescent cells. Previous studies analyzing the histone variant pattern of a human lung embryonic fibroblast cell line have shown that this pattern changes as a function of cumulative population doublings in a manner not unlike that found in terminally differentiating systems. In the present study the histone variant composition of long-term T-cell cultures was analyzed as a function of population doublings and compared to a human diploid fibroblast system. The results from this study provide a distinction at the molecular level among these two in vitro aging model systems, because it was found that long-term T-cell cultures show a constant histone variant constitution throughout their in vitro life, dissimilar to previous findings using the fibroblast cell system.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento/inmunología , Histonas/sangre , Linfocitos T/química , Adulto , Anciano , Células Cultivadas , Humanos
17.
Vaccine ; 16(2-3): 196-200, 1998.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9607030

RESUMEN

Cellular as well as humoral immune reactivity were studied in healthy young (< 30 years; n = 12) and older (> 65 years; n = 12) individuals before as well as 1 month after immunization with a trivalent whole virus influenza vaccine. Before vaccination, peripheral blood mononuclear cell proliferation in response to in vitro stimulation with each of the virus strains was low in both groups. No antibodies against either the H1N1 or the B strain were found in most individuals, while 91% of the young and 75% of the elderly persons had low but protective antibody titres to the H3N2 strain. Vaccination led to a significant enhancement of peripheral blood mononuclear cell reactivity to all three influenza strains in both age groups. However, there was a significant difference in the humoral immune response between the groups. While there was a vigorous antibody response to all three vaccine strains among young persons, protective titres against the H1N1 and the B strains were only just reached in the old. In contrast, antibody production to the H3N2 strain was most abundant in the majority of elderly individuals, leading to significantly higher titres in the old than in the young group. In conclusion, the results demonstrate the preferential induction of antibodies to one particular influenza strain despite equal T cell recruitment to all vaccine strains in healthy aged individuals after immunization with a trivalent influenza vaccine. Our findings underline the complexity of immunological alterations to be expected after vaccination in healthy elderlies.


Asunto(s)
Vacunas contra la Influenza/administración & dosificación , Orthomyxoviridae/inmunología , Linfocitos T/inmunología , Adulto , Anciano , Anticuerpos Antivirales/sangre , Femenino , Humanos , Vacunas contra la Influenza/inmunología , Gripe Humana/prevención & control , Masculino , Neutrófilos/inmunología
18.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci ; 53(3): B186-90, 1998 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9597042

RESUMEN

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the cerebral deposition of beta-amyloid (A beta). A beta plaques also occur in the brains of healthy aged individuals, and A beta concentrations are increased in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in old age. Based on results from an in vitro senescence model on human fibroblasts, it was proposed that the production of the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) was increased during aging. No information was available as to whether APP production was also augmented in aged humans. It was therefore the aim of the present study to analyze APP in connective tissue, skeletal muscle, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and serum samples from young and aged healthy individuals. APP production was assessed by Northern and Western blotting. The expression of the different APP isoforms was studied by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique. The results demonstrate that APP messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein concentrations were identical in blood and tissue samples from young and aged individuals and that there were no age-dependent changes in the APP isoform production pattern. Thus, our data strongly argue against the possibility of an altered production of APP during healthy aging and underline the point that in vitro aging models may not accurately reflect the in vivo situation.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento/metabolismo , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/biosíntesis , Tejido Conectivo/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Adulto , Anciano , Tejido Conectivo/crecimiento & desarrollo , Humanos , Lactante , Leucocitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Persona de Mediana Edad , Desarrollo de Músculos , Músculo Esquelético/crecimiento & desarrollo , Especificidad de Órganos , ARN Mensajero/metabolismo
19.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 112(4): 323-30, 1997 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9104786

RESUMEN

Little is known about the type 1/type 2 T cell dichotomy in old age. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and T cell lines from old and young healthy individuals were therefore analyzed for their production of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin 4 (IL-4). Tetanus toxoid (TT), purified protein derivative of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, inactivated influenza virus and OKT-3 were used as stimuli. RT-PCR and ELISA determinations were performed. When stimulated with TT, PBMC from young and old individuals expressed IL-4, but produced little IFN-gamma. All other stimuli induced a pronounced IFN-gamma production, while little or no IL-4 was expressed. T cell lines, regardless of their specificity or the donor age, produced IFN-gamma and IL-4. The quantities of cytokines produced did not significantly differ between the age groups. The capacity of the immune system to trigger type 1 and type 2 T cell responses is thus well preserved in old age.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento/inmunología , Citocinas/biosíntesis , Virus de la Influenza A/inmunología , Activación de Linfocitos , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/inmunología , Linfocitos T/inmunología , Linfocitos T/metabolismo , Toxoide Tetánico/inmunología , Adulto , Anciano , Antígenos Bacterianos/farmacología , Antígenos Virales/farmacología , Línea Celular , Epítopos/inmunología , Humanos , Interferón gamma/biosíntesis , Interferón gamma/genética , Interferón gamma/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/biosíntesis , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Leucocitos Mononucleares/inmunología , Leucocitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , ARN Mensajero/biosíntesis
20.
Mech Ageing Dev ; 94(1-3): 223-32, 1997 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9147374

RESUMEN

We have previously demonstrated that soluble amyloid beta protein (A beta) induces IL-2 receptor expression and proliferation in peripheral T cells from young and old healthy individuals, but not from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). It seemed of interest to examine how the immune system would react upon stimulation with A beta in its aggregated form. It was the aim of this study to define interactions between the spontaneously aggregating A beta (25-35) and antigen-presenting cells. Human dendritic cells (DC), propagated from the peripheral blood of young healthy individuals, were incubated with A beta (25-35) and its effects on DC survival, cytokine release, and surface marker expression were monitored. The question whether DC could present amyloid to T cells was also addressed. We demonstrated that A beta (25-35) does not induce DC apoptosis or necrosis. This was shown by electron microscopy as well as by nuclear staining with propidium iodide. Some peptide aggregates were found in intracellular vacuoles of DC. This process did not increase production of TNF alpha and did not change the surface expression of CD18, CD11a or CD11b. A decreased surface expression of MHC class II molecules was, however, noted. DC pulsed with A beta aggregates were unable to stimulate T cells in an autologous coculture system. The results demonstrate that amyloid may escape immune recognition by its failure to activate antigen-presenting cells and by inhibiting MHC class II surface expression.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer/inmunología , Péptidos beta-Amiloides/inmunología , Células Dendríticas/inmunología , Fragmentos de Péptidos/inmunología , Adulto , Muerte Celular , Células Dendríticas/efectos de los fármacos , Endocitosis , Femenino , Humanos , Leucocitos Mononucleares/inmunología , Masculino
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