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1.
Health Sci Rep ; 7(3): e1935, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38524771

RESUMEN

Background: Congenital lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) describes a heterogeneous group of congenital malformations. Posterior urethral valves (PUV) represent the most common entity. Familial occurrence has been described, suggestive of underlying genetic factors. LUTO can occur in various degrees of severity. In severe forms, oligohydramnios, pulmonary hypoplasia, and renal damage can occur resulting in high pre- and postnatal mortality. On the contrary, mild forms may become apparent through recurrent urinary tract infections. Such high phenotypic variability has been described even within the same family. Here, we systematically screened parents of affected children for symptoms of LUTO. Methods: The study population consisted of parents of LUTO patients. Fathers over 50 years of age were excluded, to avoid inclusion of male phenocopies due to early prostatic hypertrophy. Uroflowmetry, ultrasonography for residual urine and hydronephrosis, and laboratory examination of standard renal retention parameters were assessed, and a detailed patient history was taken, including the assessment of the International Prostate Symptom Score. Results: Twenty-nine of 42 LUTO families enrolled were found eligible for the present study. Of these, we identified five families in which the father had already been diagnosed with infravesical obstruction (17%). Of the remaining families, nine agreed to participate in our study. Of these nine families, eight families had a child affected with PUV and one family had a child with urethral stenosis. Here, we found two fathers and one mother with symptoms of LUTO suggestive of mild LUTO and one family, in which the unborn male fetal brother of the affected index patient was also diagnosed prenatally with LUTO. Conclusion: Our observations suggest that LUTOs have a higher heritability than previously thought and that first-degree relatives of the affected should be clinically assessed for symptoms of LUTO.

2.
Urology ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354913

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of and risk factors for urinary fecal incontinence (UI, FI) during sexual activity (UIS, FIS) among adults with spina bifida (SB). METHODS: An international online survey of adults with SB was administered through SB clinics and SB organizations via social media. Adults with a history of masturbation or partnered sexual activity were included. The primary outcome was ever experiencing UIS/FIS. Nonparametric tests and logistic regression were used for analysis. RESULTS: A total of 341 adults met inclusion criteria (median age: 36years, 59% female, 52% shunted, 48% community ambulators). Baseline UI in the last 4weeks was reported by 50% and FI by 41%. Nineteen (5%) had a urostomy. Eight (2%) had a colostomy. Overall, 93% had a history of partnered genital contact. Among adults without a diversion, UIS was more common than FIS (70% vs 45%, P < .001). Among adults without a urostomy, UIS was more common among women (76% vs 62%, P = .01) and those with baseline UI (84% vs 50%, P < .001). UIS was not associated with age, shunt, ambulatory, or catheterization status (P >=.32). On bivariate analysis, female sex and baseline UI were independent predictors of UIS (P <=.001). Among adults without a colostomy, FIS was associated with female sex (50% vs 39%, P = .046), baseline FI (59% vs 32%, P < .001), community ambulation (52% vs 40%, P = .04), but not age, shunt, or MACE status (P >=.27). On multivariate analysis, baseline FI was independently associated with FIS (P < .001). Among adults with UIS/FIS, 29% experienced UIS "almost always" to "always," compared to 5% for FIS (P < .001). Virtually all adults found UIS/FIS bothersome (>=96% for each), even when incontinence occurred "almost never." UIS/FIS mostly occurred before and/or during orgasm than afterward (P < .001). UIS was reported by 53% of adults with a urostomy (100% bothersome). FIS was reported by 38% of adults with a colostomy (100% bothersome). CONCLUSION: Incontinence during sexual activity is a common problem for men and women with SB. Baseline incontinence is an independent, but not absolute, predictor of both. While FIS is less frequent than UIS, both are virtually always bothersome.

3.
J Pediatr Urol ; 20(1): 1-2, 2024 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342512
5.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(6): 683, 2023 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37949808
6.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(5): 509, 2023 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37689552
7.
Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd ; 83(7): 827-834, 2023 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37564897

RESUMEN

Introduction Genital malformations are a common clinical occurrence that can be represented using different classifications. Reproducibility is an essential quality characteristic for a classification, and it plays an important role, especially in consultations and the treatment of infertile patients and in obstetric management. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the reproducibility and clinical practicality of three commonly used classifications: the ESHRE/ESGE (European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology/ European Society for Gynecological Endoscopy), VCUAM (Vagina Cervix Uterus Adnex-associated Malformation), and AFS (American Fertility Society) classifications. Materials and Methods Sixty-five patients with female genital malformations were included in this prospective, multicenter, exploratory, observational study. All participants underwent a clinical examination and a medical interview. The investigators were instructed to classify the presenting malformations according to the ESHRE/ESGE, VCUAM, and AFS classifications using a structured questionnaire. Investigators were asked whether the malformation could be reproducibly classified (yes/no) and about the grade (grade 1-5 from "very good" to "deficient") they would assign to each classification. Classification assessment was queried for vagina, cervix, uterus, adnexa, and associated malformations and was scored from 1 to 5. Results Reproducibility was rated as 80% (n = 52/65), 92.3% (n = 60/65), and 56.9% (n = 37/65) for the ESHRE/ESGE, VCUAM, and AFS classification, respectively. ESHRE/ESGE, VCUAM and AFS were rated as "very good" or "good" for 83.3%, 89.2%, and 10.8% of vaginal malformations; for 75.8%, 87.5%, and 24.2% of cervical malformations; and for 89.7%, 89.5%, and 86.2% of uterine malformations, respectively. VCUAM was rated as "very good" or "good" for 77.8% and 69.6% of adnexal malformations and associated malformations, respectively. ESHRE/ESGE and AFS were rated as "sufficient" or "deficient" for 100% and 75% of adnexal malformations and for 77.3% and 69.6% of associated malformations, respectively. Conclusion The prospective multicenter EVA ( E SHRE/ESGE | V CUAM | A FS) study revealed that the organ-based ESHRE/ESGE and VCUAM classifications of female genital malformations perform better in terms of reproducibility as well as in the assessment of individual compartments than the non-organ-based AFS classification.

8.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(4): 365, 2023 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37407340
9.
Biomolecules ; 13(7)2023 07 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37509153

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC) is a spectrum of congenital abnormalities that involves the abdominal wall, the bony pelvis, the urinary tract, the external genitalia, and, in severe cases, the gastrointestinal tract as well. METHODS: Herein, we performed an exome analysis of case-parent trios with cloacal exstrophy (CE), the most severe form of the BEEC. Furthermore, we surveyed the exome of a sib-pair presenting with classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) and epispadias (E) only. Moreover, we performed large-scale re-sequencing of CBE individuals for novel candidate genes that were derived from the current exome analysis, as well as for previously reported candidate genes within the CBE phenocritical region, 22q11.2. RESULTS: The exome survey in the CE case-parent trios identified two candidate genes harboring de novo variants (NR1H2, GKAP1), four candidate genes with autosomal-recessive biallelic variants (AKR1B10, CLSTN3, NDST4, PLEKHB1) and one candidate gene with suggestive uniparental disomy (SVEP1). However, re-sequencing did not identify any additional variant carriers in these candidate genes. Analysis of the affected sib-pair revealed no candidate gene. Re-sequencing of the genes within the 22q11.2 CBE phenocritical region identified two highly conserved frameshift variants that led to early termination in two independent CBE males, in LZTR1 (c.978_985del, p.Ser327fster6) and in SLC7A4 (c.1087delC, p.Arg363fster68). CONCLUSIONS: According to previous studies, our study further implicates LZTR1 in CBE formation. Exome analysis-derived candidate genes from CE individuals may not represent a frequent indicator for other BEEC phenotypes and warrant molecular analysis before their involvement in disease formation can be assumed.


Asunto(s)
Extrofia de la Vejiga , Epispadias , Masculino , Humanos , Extrofia de la Vejiga/genética , Epispadias/genética , Exoma/genética , Vejiga Urinaria/metabolismo , Proteínas de Unión al Calcio/genética , Proteínas de la Membrana/genética , Factores de Transcripción/genética , Factores de Transcripción/metabolismo
10.
J Pediatr Urol ; 2023 Jul 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37487882

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Several patients, who underwent major reconstruction under the care of an experienced pediatric urologist are now, as adults, several years later, appearing with long term problems and complications. This consensus process was undertaken to give an overview of long term consequences (and their management) of urological childhood surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Several known urologists with experience in life-long follow up and revisional surgery of patients with congenital conditions were asked to review literature and comment based on their experience about several complications of childhood surgery. RESULTS: Renal impairment, metabolic consequences, bladder stones, Vit B 12 deficiency and recurrent infections are often encountered. Also recurrent ureteric strictures and difficulties with catheterizable channel (both obstruction and incontinence) can be challenging to manage. Specific attention is needed regarding female sexuality and pregnancy. Both the development of malignancies in reconstructed bladders as secondary malignancies need to be taken into account during follow up. CONCLUSION: Follow up of patients with rare congenital conditions is highly specialized and revisional surgery can be challenging. Therefore, follow up needs to be organized in specialized centers.

11.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(3): 229, 2023 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37198073
12.
Aktuelle Urol ; 54(2): 89, 2023 04.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37019129
13.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(3): 308.e1-308.e9, 2023 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36935328

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Data on sexual function of men with spina bifida (SB) is limited. We aimed to assess sexual activity and erectile dysfunction (ED) in a large international sample of men with SB. METHODS: Men with SB (≥18yo) were recruited in an international online survey via clinics and social media. We collected data on demographics, ambulation (Hoffer classification), penile rigidity (Erection Hardness Score), sexual activity and ED (International Index of Erectile Function). Non-parametric tests were used. RESULTS: A total of 162 men (median age 35, 62% shunted, 38% community ambulators) reported sexual desire similar to the general population (p = 0.82), but 55% were dissatisfied with their sex life (Summary Table). Overall, 36% reported full penile rigidity with erections, more commonly with better ambulation (p = 0.01), 69% had ever experienced orgasm and 84% ejaculated. In 44 men (27%) attempting sexual intercourse in the last 4 weeks, 59% had ED (11% severe, 7% moderate, 14% mild-moderate, 27% mild). In this group, 91% of men reporting less than full penile rigidity had ED, compared to 30% with full penile rigidity (p = 0.001). Overall, partnered non-genital contact in the last 3 months was reported by 56%, solo masturbation: 62%, partnered intercourse: 48% (31% vaginal). Of 54 men who used phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5I), 80% reported improved erections, 56% improved intercourse. Overall, 40% reported non-genital erogenous zones as most pleasurable, especially with poorer ambulation (p = 0.002, chest/nipples: 73%). COMMENT: Strengths of this study include anonymous, voluntary, online participation maximizing participation of a heterogenous, international population. Whenever available, we compared findings to published values for the general population. Since romantic and sexual activity is a complex intersection of interest, opportunity and ability, a more comprehensive assessment was beyond the study's scope. Future work will focus on the interplay with issues like incontinence. CONCLUSIONS: ED was frequent among men with SB, especially in men with poorer ambulation. PDE5 inhibitors may be beneficial. Partnered sexual activity was reported by half of the men, although it may not involve penetrative intercourse.


Asunto(s)
Disfunción Eréctil , Disrafia Espinal , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Adulto , Conducta Sexual , Disfunción Eréctil/epidemiología , Erección Peniana , Disrafia Espinal/complicaciones , Orgasmo
14.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(2): 155, 2023 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36967205
15.
J Pediatr Urol ; 19(1): 1, 2023 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737221
17.
Ann Surg ; 278(2): e360-e367, 2023 08 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36017935

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify factors associated with the occurrence of local relapse (LR) after treatment for unilateral nephroblastoma. BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that LR is rare (~5%) its adverse impact on the need for relapse treatment and outcome (40%-80% overall survival) cannot be neglected. Identifying the causative factors may improve initial treatment to achieve better local control. METHODS: Altogether 2386 patients with unilateral nephroblastoma prospectively enrolled over a period of 32 years (1989-2020) by the German Society for Pediatric Oncology and Hematology (SIOP-9/GPOH, SIOP-93-01/GPOH and SIOP-2001/GPOH) were retrospectively analyzed. Hazard ratios (HR) of LR were calculated for sex, age, size, local staging, histology, type of removal, rupture, lymph node (LN) removal using univariate and multivariate Cox models. RESULTS: Age >48 months, tumor volume >500 mL, histology and LN extent of removal were identified as significant risk factors for LR [HR: 1.68, P =0.018, confidence interval (CI): 1.09-2.58; HR: 1.84, P =0.015, CI: 1.13-3.00; HR: 3.19, P <0.001, CI: 2.03-5.00; HR: 2.26, P =0.002, CI: 1.36-3.576]. LR occur significantly more often in Stage I and II, even if no LN are removed. The risk of metastases is significantly increased after local recurrence (HR: 11.5, P <0.001, CI: 7.11-18.60). LR is associated with a subsequent 18.79-fold increased risk of death (HR: 18.79, P <0.001, CI: 2.07-5.28). CONCLUSIONS: Several factors are responsible for the occurrence of LR. Surgical ones, like LN sampling allow further reduction of LR and consequently a better outcome of patients with unilateral nephroblastoma.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Renales , Tumor de Wilms , Niño , Humanos , Preescolar , Neoplasias Renales/cirugía , Neoplasias Renales/patología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efectos adversos , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/epidemiología , Tumor de Wilms/cirugía , Tumor de Wilms/tratamiento farmacológico , Tumor de Wilms/patología , Recurrencia , Resultado del Tratamiento
19.
Urology ; 172: 165-169, 2023 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476981

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utilization of double-J stents in children with congenital hydronephrosis in order to avoid or postpone more invasive surgical intervention. Numerous studies have demonstrated that congenital hydronephrosis caused by ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) or primary obstructive megaureter (POM) may require a surgical correction in up to 20% of cases. METHODS: All infants with severe hydronephrosis and/or an obstructive pattern on renal scintigraphy that received double-J stent placement between 2010 to 2015 in our center were analyzed. Children were followed regularly with ultrasound and received antibiotic metaphylaxis. Urinary tract infection (UTI) and double-J dislocation were defined as complications. Treatment success was defined as avoidance of surgery and reduction of hydronephrosis to grade 1 or 0 during the observation period. RESULTS: 29 children were included, in these, 34 (23 UPJO, 7 POM, 4 UPJO and POM) treatment attempts were performed. Stent implantation failed in six cases, resulting in 28 double-J stent treatments, of which 19 (69%) were successful within the follow-up period of 20 to 104 months. The most common complications were febrile UTI in 6 of29 cases and double-J dislocation in 3 of 29 cases. CONCLUSION: During the observation period, the success rate of temporary double-J in urodynamically relevant obstruction was relatively high. However, urinary tract infections and a complex disease course due to renal stent dislocation, as well as the need for repeated anesthesia and radiation exposure, should be taken into account. Hence, we do not recommend double-J stents placement in all children with congenital hydronephrosis; it may be useful in selected cases.


Asunto(s)
Hidronefrosis , Obstrucción Ureteral , Infecciones Urinarias , Lactante , Humanos , Niño , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Hidronefrosis/cirugía , Hidronefrosis/complicaciones , Obstrucción Ureteral/etiología , Obstrucción Ureteral/cirugía , Infecciones Urinarias/complicaciones , Stents/efectos adversos
20.
J Pediatr Urol ; 18(5): 547, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503843
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