Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.153
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(9): 1469-1478, 2022 Sep 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117356

RESUMEN

Objective: To systematically summarize and evaluate the development of update and detailed recommendations of the existing global screening guidelines in high-risk population with a family history of colorectal cancer. Methods: The words "colorectal cancer", "screening", "guideline", "consensus", "recommendations" and "family history" in Chinese and English were used as MESH terms for literature retrieval, as well as entry terms. The retrieval was performed based on China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science, as well as official websites. The languages of literatures were limited in Chinese and English. As of May 24, 2022, a total of 20 valid literatures had been retrieved. The basic information of the literatures and the recommendations of colorectal cancer screening for people with family history were collected and analyzed. Results: The analysis on the 20 literatures indicated that most countries/regions/institutions recommended age range of screening, screening modalities and intervals for people with family history of colorectal cancer. For the individuals who have one first-degree relative diagnosed with colorectal cancer before 60 years of age,most guidelines recommended the screening to be started at 40 years or 10 years earlier than the age when the youngest first-degree relative was diagnosed. The most commonly recommended screening modality was colonoscopy. Conclusions: Most current screening guidelines for high-risk people with family history of colorectal cancer recommend colonoscopy as the main modality. This review will provide reference for the update of screening strategies in high-risk people with family history of colorectal cancer in China, and further improve the practices of screening, early diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Detección Precoz del Cáncer , Adulto , Colonoscopía , Neoplasias Colorrectales/epidemiología , Humanos , Tamizaje Masivo , Factores de Riesgo
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 14304, 2022 Aug 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35995921

RESUMEN

Space weather phenomena can threaten space technologies. A hazard among these is the population of relativistic electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts. To reduce the threat, artificial processes can be introduced by transmitting very-low-frequency (VLF) waves into the belts. The resulting wave-particle interactions may deplete these harmful electrons. However, when transmitting VLF waves in space plasma, the antenna, plasma, and waves interact in a manner that is not well-understood. We conducted a series of VLF transmission experiments in the radiation belts and measured the power and radiation impedance under various frequencies and conditions. The results demonstrate the critical role played by the plasma-antenna-wave interaction around high-voltage space antennae and open the possibility to transmit high power in space. The physical insight obtained in this study can provide guidance to future high-power space-borne VLF transmitter developments, laboratory whistler-mode wave injection experiments, and the interpretation of various astrophysical and optical phenomena.

3.
J Clin Microbiol ; 60(9): e0055522, 2022 Sep 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35997500

RESUMEN

Quantitative testing of BK virus (BKPyV) nucleic acid has become the standard of care in transplant patients. While the relationship between interassay harmonization and commutability has been well characterized for other transplant-related viruses, it has been less well studied for BKPyV, particularly regarding differences in commutability between matrices. Here, interassay agreement was evaluated among six real-time nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) and one digital PCR (dPCR) BKPyV assay. Differences in the commutability of three quantitative standards was examined across all assays using a variety of statistical approaches. Panels, including 40 samples each of plasma and urine samples previously positive for BKPyV, together with one previously negative plasma sample and four previously negative urine samples, were tested using all assays, with each real-time NAAT utilizing its usual quantitative calibrators. Serial dilutions of WHO, National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST), and commercially produced (Exact/Bio-Rad) reference materials were also run by each assay as unknowns. The agreement of the clinical sample values was assessed as a group and in a pairwise manner. The commutability was estimated using both relativistic and quantitative means. The quantitative agreement across assays in the urine samples was within a single log10 unit across all assays, while the results from the plasma samples varied by 2 to 3 log10 IU/mL. The commutability showed a similar disparity between the matrices. Recalibration using international standards diminished the resulting discrepancies in some but not all cases. Differences in the sample matrix can affect the commutability and interassay agreement of quantitative BKPyV assays. Differences in commutability between matrices may largely be due to factors other than those such as amplicon size, previously described as important in the case of cytomegalovirus. Continued efforts to standardize viral load measurements must address multiple sources of variability and account for differences in assay systems, quantitative standards, and sample matrices.

4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(7): 926-931, 2022 Jul 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35899344

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the association of DNA methylation with immune response to hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine in Han nationality children from Guangxi province. Methods: A total of 263 children aged 8-9 months who had completed HepB immunization program were recruited from three hospitals in Guangxi province by using unmatched case-control method. Children with the HepB surface antibody concentration(Anti-HBs)<100 mIU/ml was set as the case group and ≥100 mIU/ml as the control group. Multiplex PCR and heavy sulfite sequencing were used to treat the samples. Illumina platform was used for high-throughput DNA methylation sequencing of IFNG gene target regions and CpG sites. Unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the association between cytosine-phospho-guanosine DNA methylation at 18 loci of IFNG gene and HepB immune response level. Results: There were 104 children in the case group and 159 in the control group. The median (Q1, Q3) level of anti-HBs in two groups were 62.34 (30.06, 98.88) mIU/ml and 1 089.10 (710.35, 1 233.45) mIU/ml. The methylation levels of IFNG_1 gene 44 and 93 locus in the case group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The unconditional logistic regression model showed that the DNA methylation level of IFNG_1 gene at 44 (OR=1.18, 95%CI: 1.03-1.35) and 93 (OR=1.21, 95%CI: 1.07-1.38) locus was associated with the HepB response level. Conclusion: The changes of DNA methylation at locus 44 and 93 of IFNG_1 gene may be relevant factors affecting the response level of HepB in Han nationality children from Guangxi province.


Asunto(s)
Vacunas contra Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B , Niño , China , Metilación de ADN , Hepatitis B/prevención & control , Anticuerpos contra la Hepatitis B , Antígenos de Superficie de la Hepatitis B , Humanos , Inmunización Secundaria , Interferón gamma
6.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725314

RESUMEN

Objective: To determine the characteristics of cervical neuroblastoma and the effect of resection extent on survival and outcomes. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 32 children with cervical neuroblastoma treated at Beijing Children's Hospital between April 2013 and August 2020. Data were collected from the medical record. The individualized therapy was designed based on staging and risk group. Based on the extent of resection, patients were divided into incomplete and complete resection groups. Event free and overall survival rates were compared between two groups using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The ages of patients ranged from 1 month to 81 months, with a median age of 11 months, including 7 males and 15 females. Twenty-nine patients (90.6%) presented with cervical painless mass. The average diameter of the primary tumors was (5.12±1.43) cm. Tumors were located in the parapharyngeal space in 25 cases (78.1%) and in the root of the neck in 7 cases (21.9%). None had MYCN amplification. According to International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS), 15 patients (46.9%) were identified as stage 1, 11 patients (34.3%) as stage 2B, 3 patients (9.4%) as stage 3 and 3 patients (9.4%) as stage 4. There were 12 patients (37.5%) at low risk, 17 patients (53.1%) at intermediate risk and 3 patients at high risk according to Children's Oncology Group (COG) risk classification system. All patients underwent tumor resection. Postoperatively Horner's syndrome occurred in 13 patients (40.6%), pneumonia in 9 patients (28.1%), pharyngeal dysfunction in 8 patients (25.0%) and transient hoarseness in 4 patients (12.5%). At a median follow-up of 36.5 months, the overall survival rate was 96.4%, with no significant difference between incomplete and complete resection groups (100.0% vs. 96.3%, χ2=0.19, P=0.667); the event free survival rate was 78.1%, with a significant difference between the two groups (40.0% vs. 85.2%, χ²=6.71, P=0.010). Conclusions: Primary cervical neuroblastoma has a young onset age, mostly in low and medium risk groups, and represents favorable lesions with good outcomes after multidisciplinary therapy. Less aggressive surgery with preservation of important structures is recommended. Complete resection should not be attempted if it would compromise vital structures.


Asunto(s)
Neuroblastoma , Niño , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Estadificación de Neoplasias , Neuroblastoma/patología , Neuroblastoma/terapia , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Tasa de Supervivencia
7.
Nature ; 607(7918): 345-350, 2022 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35768512

RESUMEN

Enteric viruses like norovirus, rotavirus and astrovirus have long been accepted as spreading in the population through fecal-oral transmission: viruses are shed into feces from one host and enter the oral cavity of another, bypassing salivary glands (SGs) and reaching the intestines to replicate, be shed in feces and repeat the transmission cycle1. Yet there are viruses (for example, rabies) that infect the SGs2,3, making the oral cavity one site of replication and saliva one conduit of transmission. Here we report that enteric viruses productively and persistently infect SGs, reaching titres comparable to those in the intestines. We demonstrate that enteric viruses get released into the saliva, identifying a second route of viral transmission. This is particularly significant for infected infants, whose saliva directly transmits enteric viruses to their mothers' mammary glands through backflow during suckling. This sidesteps the conventional gut-mammary axis route4 and leads to a rapid surge in maternal milk secretory IgA antibodies5,6. Lastly, we show that SG-derived spheroids7 and cell lines8 can replicate and propagate enteric viruses, generating a scalable and manageable system of production. Collectively, our research uncovers a new transmission route for enteric viruses with implications for therapeutics, diagnostics and importantly sanitation measures to prevent spread through saliva.


Asunto(s)
Saliva , Glándulas Salivales , Virosis , Virus , Astroviridae , Lactancia Materna , Células Cultivadas , Heces/virología , Femenino , Humanos , Inmunoglobulina A/inmunología , Lactante , Norovirus , Rotavirus , Saliva/virología , Glándulas Salivales/virología , Esferoides Celulares/virología , Virosis/transmisión , Virosis/virología , Virus/crecimiento & desarrollo
8.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35610672

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the safety, efficacy, locally control and survival results of transoral Da Vinci robotic surgery for salvage treatment of locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: This retrospective study included 33 patients with locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (stage rT1-2, partial rT3) underwent transoral Da Vinci robotic surgery between October 2017 and January 2020. There were 20 males and 11 females, with an average age of (47.9±10.5) years. The lesions were localized in nasopharyngeal cavity in 14 cases, with extending to parapharyngeal space in 6 cases and the floor of sphenoid sinus in 13 cases. Transnasal endoscopy was used to assist surgery if necessary. SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Transoral robotic nasopharyngectomy was successfully performed in all cases without conversion to open surgery, of which 13 cases were combined with transnasal endoscopic surgery. The average operation time was (126.2±30.0) min, ranging from 90 to 180 min. The postoperative pathological margin was R0 (31 cases) and R1 (2 cases), with no tumor residue. Complications of surgery mainly included symptoms of headache, nasal dryness and velopharyngeal insufficiency without nasopharyngeal hemorrhage. Follow-up time was from 3 to 54 months. One case had tumor recurrence 11 months after operation, 1 case had ipsilateral cervical lymph node metastasis 27 months after operation, 2 cases had distant metastasis and 1 case died of nasopharyngeal hemorrhage 3 months after operation. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year overall survival rates were 97.0%, 96.0% and 92.9%, respectively and the local recurrence free rates were 97.0%, 95.7% and 91.7%, respectively. Conclusion: Transoral robotic nasopharyngectomy is safe and feasible for local recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma in selected patients, with higher local control rate and quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/cirugía , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patología , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/cirugía , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Retrospectivos
9.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 24(5): 892-901, mayo 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-203791

RESUMEN

PurposeThe aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis in the process of BMMSC homing in prostate cancer (PCa) in vivo and in vitro.MethodsAfter verification of BMMSCs, we fixed the concentration gradient of SDF-1 for BMMSC cultivation to analyze CXCR4 expression by qRT-PCR and flow cytometric analysis. Furthermore, we developed a non-contact co-culture system and explored the participation of the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis in PCa using qRT-PCR, flow cytometry, and ELISA. In addition, A green fluorescent protein (GFP)-transplanted methylnitrosourea (MNU)-induced PCa mouse model was established to investigate the CXCR4 expression in vivo.ResultsThe CXCR4 expression was up-regulated with the increase in SDF-1 concentrations, and elevated SDF-1 had a significant promoting effect on cell proliferation and migration in BMMSCs. Moreover, the CXCR4 expression of BMMSCs was significantly increased in the non-contact co-culture model with vascular endothelial cells (VECs), and analysis of this model also showed that the proliferation and migration of BMMSCs were promoted in the presence of VECs. The ELISA assay showed that the SDF-1 levels in the co-culture model at 48 h were significantly increased. Twenty of the GFP-transplanted mice were divided into a PCa group and a control group, and four GFP-transplanted mice were observed to have prostate tumorigenesis. It also showed that CXCR4 was obviously increased in the prostate tissue of PCa mice.ConclusionOur findings suggest that BMMSCs could home and promote the proliferation and migration of PCa through the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis in vivo and in vitro.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Animales , Movimiento Celular , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Células Endoteliales/metabolismo , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Transducción de Señal , Neoplasias de la Próstata/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo
10.
Clin Radiol ; 77(8): e576-e584, 2022 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35469666

RESUMEN

AIM: To assess whether conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion-weighted imaging (DSC-PWI) could non-invasively predict p53 and Ki-67 labelling index (LI) and O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation status in adult isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) wild-type glioblastomas. METHODS: The conventional MRI, DWI, and DSC-PWI results of 120 adult patients with IDH wild-type glioblastomas were reviewed retrospectively and their efficacy was analysed using chi-square tests or Fisher's exact test. Relative minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (rADCmin) and relative maximum cerebral blood volume (rCBVmax) values were compared between glioblastomas with different molecular statuses using the Mann-Whitney U-test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and logistic regression were used to evaluate predictive performance. RESULTS: Glioblastomas with a high p53 LI were more likely to show a well-defined enhancement margin (p=0.047). Glioblastomas in the high-Ki-67-LI group demonstrated significantly lower rADCmin (p<0.001) and higher rCBVmax (p=0.001) values than those in the low-Ki-67-LI group. Tumours without MGMT promoter methylation showed lower rADCmin (p<0.001) and higher rCBVmax (p<0.001) values than those with it. The rCBVmax value exhibited a greater efficacy in predicting the MGMT promoter methylation status of adult IDH wild-type glioblastomas than the rADCmin value (p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest that conventional and DWI and DSC-PWI results are influenced by the molecular status of the glioblastoma and indicate that DWI and DSC-PWI may help to identify regions of high invasiveness within heterogeneous glioblastomas.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioblastoma , Adulto , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patología , ADN , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico por imagen , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/patología , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Isocitrato Deshidrogenasa/genética , Antígeno Ki-67 , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos , Metilación , O(6)-Metilguanina-ADN Metiltransferasa/genética , Perfusión , Estudios Retrospectivos , Proteína p53 Supresora de Tumor/genética
11.
Osteoporos Int ; 33(9): 1871-1893, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35426508

RESUMEN

To elucidate the association of coffee and bone health would help fracture risk reduction via dietary intervention. Although those who had higher coffee consumption were less likely to have osteoporosis, the associations between coffee consumption and fracture risk need further investigations with better study designs. INTRODUCTION: The associations between coffee consumption and the risk of osteoporosis and fracture remain inconclusive. We aimed to better quantify these associations by conducting meta-analyses of observational studies. METHODS: Relevant studies were systematically searched on PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane library, and Embase Database up to November 25, 2021. The odds ratio (OR) or relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) was pooled and a dose-response analysis was performed. RESULTS: Four studies with 7114 participants for osteoporosis and thirteen studies with 391,956 participants for fracture incidence were included in the meta-analyses. High versus low coffee consumption was associated with a lower risk of osteoporosis [pooled OR (95% CI): 0.79 (0.65-0.92)], while it was non-significantly associated with fracture incidence [pooled OR (95% CI): 0.86 (0.67-1.05) at hip and 0.89 (0.42-1.36) at non-hip]. A non-linear association between the level of coffee consumption and hip fracture incidence was shown (P = 0.004). The pooled RR (95% CI) of hip fracture risk in those who consumed 1, 2-3, 4, and ≥ 9 cups of coffee per day was 0.92 (0.87-0.97), 0.89 (0.83-0.95), 0.91 (0.85-0.98), and 1.10 (0.76-1.59), respectively. The significance in the association between coffee consumption and the hip fracture incidence decreased in those studies that had larger sample size, higher quality, and more adjustments. CONCLUSIONS: A dose-dependent relationship may exist between coffee consumption and hip fracture incidence. The effect of high versus low coffee consumption was influenced by study designs. Further studies with dedicated designs are needed to confirm the independent effects of coffee consumption on bone health.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Osteoporosis , Café/efectos adversos , Fracturas de Cadera/epidemiología , Fracturas de Cadera/etiología , Fracturas de Cadera/prevención & control , Humanos , Incidencia , Osteoporosis/complicaciones , Osteoporosis/etiología , Factores de Riesgo
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(5): 1450-1461, 2022 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35302189

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare corneal and anterior segment morphology among children and adolescents with and without diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Scopus databases were systematically searched. Studies that were observational in design were considered. Included studies should have been done in young children and/or adolescents and compared relevant outcomes of interest based on the diabetic status. The outcomes of interest were related to corneal morphology, morphology of lens, as well as important characteristics of anterior segment such as depth, pupillary diameter, intra-ocular pressure and axial length. The pooled effect sizes were reported as weighted mean difference (WMD). STATA software was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 17 studies. Diabetic children had lower corneal endothelial cell density (cells/mm2) (WMD -215.7, 95% CI: -406.5, -24.9), higher central corneal thickness (µm) (WMD 12.66, 95% CI: 5.47, 19.84), higher lenticular thickness (mm) (WMD 0.25, 95% CI: 0.13, 0.36) and density (WMD 3.02, 95% CI: 2.23, 3.81) than non-diabetic children. The anterior chamber depth (mm) (WMD -0.17, 95% CI: -0.24, -0.09) and pupillary diameter (mm) (WMD -0.61, 95% CI: -1.12, -0.10) was significantly reduced in diabetic children, compared to non-diabetic children. No differences in the corneal curvature, corneal diameter, spherical equivalent, intra-ocular pressure, axial length, tear film breakup time and Schirmer test were noted among diabetic and non-diabetic children. CONCLUSIONS: Significant structural changes in cornea and lens along with reduction in anterior chamber depth and pupillary diameter were found. These morphological changes may be indication for early and prompt management and underscore the need for more advanced ophthalmological evaluation techniques, in addition to routine examination.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Cristalino , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Córnea , Humanos , Presión Intraocular , Refracción Ocular
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(5): 1668-1673, 2022 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35302214

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Though the incidence of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is relatively low, the disorder has a major impact on the quality of life of patients. Identifying biological markers for the disease will be useful, especially in resource-scarce areas. Our study aims to evaluate the correlation between the degree of hearing impairment and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in patients with SSNHL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight patients with SSNHL and no history of diabetes were included in this study. The intravenous HbA1c content before treatment was correlated with the pure tone audiogram (PTA) average as per the criteria for SSNHL. Spearman correlation and the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve were used to determine the HbA1c levels of the study participants. The critical value of HbA1c and its diagnostic implications for assessing the degree of hearing impairment in patients with SSNHL were noted. RESULTS: There was a significant positive correlation between HbA1c and PTA in patients with SSNHL (p<0.05). In addition, the best HbA1c cutoff value for screening and referring an individual for a detailed audiometric evaluation of hearing impairment was 5.550%, as indicated by the ROC curve. CONCLUSIONS: The level of HbA1c in the circulation may affect the onset, duration, and progression of SSNHL. The same parameter may be used as a diagnostic and prognostic indicator for this condition.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural , Pérdida Auditiva Súbita , Glucocorticoides , Hemoglobina A Glucada , Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural/diagnóstico , Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural/etiología , Pérdida Auditiva Súbita/diagnóstico , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Retrospectivos
14.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35325943

RESUMEN

Objective: This study aims to investigate the sleep quality of pregnant women in Xuhui District, Shanghai, and the related factors of sleep disturbances during pregnancy. Methods: From February 2019 to February 2021, we used online integrated sleep questionnaire (including PSQI, BQ, ESS, AIS) in Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, The International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospitals of China Welfare Institution, and Shanghai Eighth People's Hospital, to investigate the sleep quality across pregnancy. We also collected maternal physical examination results, childbearing history, sociodemographic, and other clinical data. The prevalences and related factors of various sleep disturbances in pregnant women were analyzed, including insufficient/excessive nighttime sleep, low sleep efficiency, difficulty falling asleep, poor sleep quality, insomnia, daytime sleepiness, and high risk of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Results: This study includes 1 898 cases in the first trimester (T1), 3 099 cases in the second trimester (T2), and 1 539 cases in the third trimester (T3). Poor sleep quality (38.6%), daytime sleepiness (mild 41.9%, moderate 17.7%, severe 2.1%), and suspicious insomnia (32.3%) are most prevalent among women in T1 (P<0.01). In comparison, short sleep time (2.7%), long sleep time (8.6%), difficulty falling asleep (12.2%), poor sleep efficiency (35.4%), very poor sleep quality (6.7%), clinical insomnia (21.8%), and high-risk SDB (6.4%) are most prevalent among women in T3 (P<0.05). During pregnancy, late gestation (OR=1.016, 95%CI: 1.006-1.025) and multiple induced/drug abortions (OR=1.329, 95%CI: 1.043-1.692) are risk factors for poor sleep quality (PSQI>5), while multiple full-term deliveries (OR=0.800, 95%CI: 0.675-0.949) is its protective factor. Advanced maternal age (OR=0.976, 95%CI: 0.956-0.997), multiple full-term deliveries (OR=0.808, 95%CI: 0.680-0.959), late gestation (OR=0.983, 95%CI: 0.974-0.992) and hypertension (OR=0.572, 95%CI: 0.401-0.814) are protective factors for daytime sleepiness (ESS>6). The high-risk pregnancy category (OR=9.312, 95%CI: 1.156-74.978) is a risk factor for insomnia (AIS≥4), while multiple full-term deliveries (OR=0.815, 95%CI: 0.691-0.961) is its protective factor. High BMI (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.270-1.402) and hypertension (OR=4.427, 95%CI: 2.539-7.719) are risk factors for high-risk SDB in pregnant women. Conclusions: The prevalences of various sleep disturbances are high throughout pregnancy. Noticeably, symptoms of maternal SDB develop along with pregnancy. Different types of sleep disturbances are associated with different factors. Women of high-risk pregnancy category, in late gestation, with high BMI, hypertension, a history of induced/drug abortion, or without a history of full-term delivery can be at high risk of sleep disturbances during pregnancy.


Asunto(s)
Complicaciones del Embarazo , Mujeres Embarazadas , Niño , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Embarazo , Complicaciones del Embarazo/diagnóstico , Complicaciones del Embarazo/epidemiología , Sueño
16.
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol ; 36(6): 873-880, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35122707

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Methazolamide (MTZ) has been occasionally linked to the lethal Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), which are associated with HLA-B*59:01. However, some MTZ-induced SJS/TEN (MTZ-SJS/TEN) cases are negative for HLA-B*59:01, implying that other genetic factors besides HLA-B*59:01 are contributing to MTZ-SJS/TEN. OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively identify HLA and non-HLA genetic susceptibility to MTZ-SJS/TEN in Han Chinese. METHODS: Eighteen patients with MTZ-SJS/TEN, 806 subjects of the population control and 74 MTZ-tolerant individuals were enrolled in this study. Both exome-wide and HLA-based association studies were conducted. Molecular docking analysis was employed to simulate the interactions between MTZ and risk HLA proteins. RESULTS: We found a strong signal in the major histocompatibility complex region on chromosome 6 with 22 SNPs reaching exome-wide significance. Compared with MTZ-tolerant controls, a significant association of HLA-B*59:01 with MTZ-SJS/TEN was validated [odds ratio (OR) = 146.00, 95% confidence interval (CI): 16.12-1321.98; P = 6.19 × 10-10 ]. Moreover, 66.7% of MTZ-SJS/TEN patients negative for HLA-B*59:01 were carriers of HLA-B*55:02, whilst 2.7% of the tolerant individuals were observed with HLA-B*55:02 (OR = 71.00, 95% CI: 7.84-643.10; P = 1.43 × 10-4 ). Within HLA-B protein, the E45-L116 motif could completely explain the association of HLA-B*59:01 and HLA-B*55:02 with MTZ-SJS/TEN (OR = 119.33, 95% CI: 29.19-1227.96; P = 4.36 × 10-13 ). Molecular docking analysis indicated that MTZ binds more stably to the pocket of HLA-B*59:01 and HLA-B*55:02 than to that of non-risk alleles of HLA-B*40:01 and HLA-C*01:02. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed the association of HLA-B*59:01 with MTZ-SJS/TEN and identified HLA-B*55:02 as a novel risk allele in Han Chinese with the largest sample size to date. Notably, the rs41562914(A)-rs12697944(A) haplotype, encoding E45-L116, is capable of serving as a powerful genetic predictor for MTZ-SJS/TEN with a sensitivity of 89% and specificity of 96%.


Asunto(s)
Metazolamida , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson , Anticonvulsivantes , China , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Humanos , Metazolamida/efectos adversos , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/genética
18.
Physiol Res ; 71(1): 55-62, 2022 03 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35043644

RESUMEN

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) represents the acute manifestation of coronary artery disease. In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been extensively studied in AMI. This study focused on the role of miR-431-5p in AMI and its effect on cardiomyocyte apoptosis after AMI. The expression of miR-431-5p was analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). By interfering with miR-431-5p in hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R)-induced HL-1 cardiomyocytes, the effect of miR-431-5p on cardiomyocyte apoptosis after AMI was examined. The interaction between miR-431-5p and selenoprotein T (SELT) mRNA was verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Cell apoptosis was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and flow cytometry. Cell viability was examined by 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo(-z-y1)-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) assay. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the expression of miR-431-5p in AMI myocardial tissues and H/R-induced HL-1 cardiomyocytes was significantly increased. After interfering with miR-431-5p, the expression of SELT in HL-1 cells was up-regulated, cell apoptosis was decreased, cell viability was increased, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity was decreased. The dual-luciferase reporter assay confirmed the targeting relationship between miR-431-5p and SELT1 3' untranslated region (UTR). In H/R-induced HL-1 cells, the simultaneous silencing of SELT and miR-431-5p resulted in a decrease of Bcl-2 expression, an increase of Bax expression, and an increase of cleaved-caspase 3 expression compared with silencing miR-431-5p alone. Also, cell viability was decreased, while LDH activity was increased by the simultaneous silencing of SELT and miR-431-5p. Interfering miR-431-5p protected cardiomyocytes from AMI injury via restoring the expression of SELT, providing new ideas for the treatment of AMI.


Asunto(s)
Apoptosis , MicroARNs/metabolismo , Infarto del Miocardio , Daño por Reperfusión Miocárdica , Selenoproteínas/metabolismo , Animales , Apoptosis/genética , Humanos , Ratones , MicroARNs/genética , Infarto del Miocardio/genética , Infarto del Miocardio/metabolismo , Daño por Reperfusión Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miocitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Selenoproteínas/genética
19.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 24(1): 66-75, enero 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-203415

RESUMEN

IntroductionPapillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the predominant histological type of thyroid cancer, accounting for 80% of thyroid cancers. MiR-181a is a novel microRNA that is usually upregulated in multiple cancers. This study aims to explore the role and underlying mechanism of miR-181a in PTC.MethodsCCK8 and Transwell assays were performed to evaluate cell viability and migration. The mRNA level of miR-181a and KLF15 was calculated by qRT-PCR. The protein level of E-Cadherin, N-Cadherin and GAPDH was evaluated by western blot. Dual luciferase assay was conducted to validate that miR-181a directly targeting the 3′-UTR of KLF15 mRNA in TPC-1 cells.ResultsWe observed that miR-181a was overexpressed and KLF15 was low expressed in PTC tissues and cell lines. Upregulation of miR-181a or downregulation of KLF15 predicted poor outcomes in PTC patients. MiR-181a improved cell growth of PTC, migration and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) in TPC-1 cells. KLF15 was a target gene of miR-181a and its expression was mediated by miR-181a. KLF15 partially reversed the facilitating effect of miR-181a on cell proliferation and migration in TPC-1 cells.ConclusionWe discovered that miR-181a served as an oncogene downregulating KLF15, thereby inhibiting cell proliferation, migration and the EMT. These findings demonstrate that miR-181a plays a significant role in PTC progression and could be a therapeutic target for PTC.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Ciencias de la Salud , Neoplasias de la Tiroides , Cáncer Papilar Tiroideo , MicroARNs , Movimiento Celular , Transición Epitelial-Mesenquimal
20.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 28-34, 2022 Jan 11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979790

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the composition of diagnosis in young inpatients with angle-closure glaucoma and to compare the clinical characteristics between primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) and secondary angle-closure glaucoma (SACG). Methods: This was a retrospective case series study. Angle-closure glaucoma patients aged 40 years or younger and hospitalized in Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center from January 2012 to December 2019 were included. The clinical diagnosis, gender, onset age, and results of general ophthalmic examination, A-scan ultrasonography measurements, ultrasound biomicroscopy, optical coherence tomography and visual field were recorded. The proportions and composition of PACG and SACG, as well as the misdiagnosis ratio, were analyzed. The onset age, visual acuity, visual field, and ocular parameters were compared between patients with PACG and SACG. Non-normally distributed data were represented by M (Q1, Q3). The difference between groups were compared by Mann-Whitney U test, Chi square test, and independent sample t test. Results: A total of 243 patients (243 eyes) were included in this study. The mean onset age was (28±9) years, and the male-to-female ratio was 1∶1.79. There were 93 patients (38.3%) in PACG group and 150 (61.7%) in SACG group. The age of PACG [34(28, 38)] was older than that of SACG [28(19, 34)], and the proportion of males in the SACG group (44.0%, 66/150) was significantly higher than that in the PACG group (22.6%, 21/93) (Z=-5.34, χ2=11.46; both P<0.01). Nanophthalmos (22.7%, 34 cases), autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB) (19.3%, 29 cases), uveitis (18.7%, 28 cases) and retinitis pigmentosa (14.0%, 21 cases) were the most common causes of SACG. The best corrected visual acuity (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution) was 0.10 (0.00, 0.48) and 0.40 (0.06, 1.00), mean deviation of visual field was -8.07 (-27.49, -2.09) and -15.04 (-28.75, -5.97) dB, and subfoveal choroidal thickness was (452.3±130.7) and (396.3±120.9) µm in the PACG and SACG groups, respectively. The differences were statistically significant (Z=-4.86, -2.14; t=2.37; all P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in intraocular pressure, cup-to-disc ratio, extent of peripheral anterior synechia, central anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, mean retinal nerve fiber layer thickness between these two groups (all P>0.05). The misdiagnosis ratio was 10.7% (26/243) in all patients, while the misdiagnosis ratio of the SACG group (16.7%, 25/150) was higher than that of the PACG group (1.1%, 1/93) (χ²=14.61, P<0.001). Conclusions: PACG, nanophthalmos and ARB are the most common etiologies in young inpatients with angle-closure glaucoma. Compared to PACG, patients with SACG are younger, with worse visual acuity and more severe visual field defects, and easier to be misdiagnosed.


Asunto(s)
Glaucoma de Ángulo Cerrado , Adulto , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Inhibidores de la Enzima Convertidora de Angiotensina , Femenino , Glaucoma de Ángulo Cerrado/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Pacientes Internos , Presión Intraocular , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...