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Pediatr Pulmonol ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751855


BACKGROUND: Methods of evaluating the ventilatory response to CO2 (VRCO2 ) of the respiratory center include the steady-state and the rebreathing method. Although the rebreathing method can evaluate the ventilatory response continuously to gradually increasing CO2 , the rebreathing method has been rarely performed in infants. The aim of this study was to investigate whether we could perform the VRCO2 with the rebreathing method in normal infants. METHODS: The subjects were 80 normal infants. The gestational age was 39.9 (39.3-40.3) weeks, and the birth body weight was 3142 (2851-3451) grams. We performed the VRCO2 with Read's rebreathing method, measuring the increase in minute volume (MV) in response to the increase in EtCO2 by rebreathing a closed circuit. The value of VRCO2 was calculated as follow: VRCO2 (ml/min/mmHg/kg) = ΔMV/ΔEtCO2 /body weight. RESULTS: We performed the examination without adverse events. The age in days at examination was 3 (2-4), and the examination time was 150 ± 38 s. The maximum EtCO2 was 51.1 (50.5-51.9) mmHg. The value of VRCO2 was 34.6 (29.3-42.8). The intraclass correlation coefficient of the VRCO2 of cases with multiple measurements was 0.79. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the rebreathing method can evaluate the ventilatory response to high blood CO2 in a short examination time. We conclude that the rebreathing method is useful even in infants. In the future, we plan to measure the VRCO2 of preterm infants, and evaluate the respiratory center of infants in more detail.

J Child Neurol ; 35(10): 667-673, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476572


BACKGROUND: Migraines are a broad spectrum of disorders classified by the type of aura with some requiring attentive treatment. Vasoconstrictors, including triptans, should be avoided in the acute phase of migraines with brainstem aura, in hemiplegic migraine, and in retinal migraine. This study investigated the characteristics and burden of these migraines. METHODS: Medical charts of 278 Japanese pediatric patients with migraines were retrospectively reviewed. Migraine burden of migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, and retinal migraine was assessed using the Headache Impact Test-6™ (HIT-6) and the Pediatric Migraine Disability Assessment scale (PedMIDAS). RESULTS: Of 278 patients screened, 12 (4.3%) patients with migraines with brainstem aura (n = 5), hemiplegic migraines (n = 2), and retinal migraine (n = 5) were enrolled in the study. All patients had migraine with/without typical aura, whereas some patients had coexisting migraine with another type of headache (chronic tension-type headache in 3 patients, and 1 each with frequent episodic tension-type headache, headache owing to medication overuse, and chronic migraine). Migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, and retinal migraine patients with coexisting headaches had higher HIT-6 or PedMIDAS scores, whereas migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, and retinal migraine patients without coexisting headache did not show high HIT-6 or PedMIDAS scores. CONCLUSION: All migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, and retinal migraine patients experienced migraine with or without typical aura, and some patients having other coexisting headaches also had high PedMIDAS and HIT-6 scores. PedMIDAS and HIT-6 should not be considered diagnostic indicators of migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, or retinal migraine. In clinical practice for headaches in children, careful history taking and proactive assessment of the aura are needed for accurate diagnosis of migraines with brainstem aura, hemiplegic migraines, and retinal migraine.

Fetal Pediatr Pathol ; 37(3): 157-165, 2018 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737915


INTRODUCTION: Multi-organ injury causes leakage of several intracellular enzymes into the circulation. We evaluated the correlation between the serum-leaked intracellular enzyme levels at the beginning of treatment and the outcome in perinatally stressed neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied neonates whose 1 minute Apgar score was < 7. We collected initial venous blood sample data, including aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and creatine kinase (CK) levels, and correlated these with patient short-term outcomes. RESULTS: Of 60 neonates, nine patients were treated with therapeutic hypothermia, and 32 needed mechanical ventilation. The therapeutic hypothermia group showed significantly larger base deficit, and higher lactate, AST, ALT, LDH, and CK (all p < 0.01). The duration of mechanical ventilation significantly correlated with AST, ALT, LDH, and CK levels (all p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Initial enzyme levels are useful for predicting the duration of mechanical ventilation in stressed neonates.

Asfixia Neonatal/embriología , Recién Nacido/metabolismo , Síndrome de Aspiración de Meconio/enzimología , Taquipnea/enzimología , Alanina Transaminasa/sangre , Aspartato Aminotransferasas/sangre , Asfixia Neonatal/sangre , Asfixia Neonatal/enzimología , Creatina Quinasa/sangre , Femenino , Humanos , L-Lactato Deshidrogenasa/sangre , Ácido Láctico/sangre , Síndrome de Aspiración de Meconio/sangre , Embarazo , Estudios Retrospectivos , Taquipnea/sangre
J Neurol Sci ; 243(1-2): 71-5, 2006 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16413581


The aim of this study was to assess the validity of serum and CSF oxidative status of patients with IE in their initial stage through the d-ROM (Diacron-Reactive Oxygen Metabolites, Italy) test, compared to those with other neurological diseases. The study was conducted on the following four groups: (1) influenza virus-associated encephalopathy (IE, n = 8), including four patients showing neurological sequelae or mortal; (2) influenza virus-associated febrile seizures (IFS, n = 11); (3) febrile convulsion (FC, n = 10): (4) enterovirus-associated encephalopathy (EE, n = 4), including one patient with neurological sequelae. The CSF d-ROM levels in the IE group were significantly higher than those in the IFS and the FC groups but not in the EE group. In addition, general laboratory findings such as leukocytes, platelets, C-reactive protein, aspartate aminotransferase, creatinine, creatinine kinase and LDH, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), were analyzed in each group. The CSF d-ROM levels in the IE group were significantly higher than those in the IFS and FC groups but not in the EE group. As for the serum d-ROM levels and general laboratory findings, with the exception of CSF IL-6 levels in IE, no significant differences were detected compared with the other groups. In patients with IE, the CSF d-ROM levels could be a valid predictive biomarker of the severity, and oxidative stress may be related to the pathogenesis of IE.

Encefalitis Viral/líquido cefalorraquídeo , Encefalitis Viral/diagnóstico , Radicales Libres/líquido cefalorraquídeo , Gripe Humana/complicaciones , Orthomyxoviridae/inmunología , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/líquido cefalorraquídeo , Biomarcadores/sangre , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquídeo , Niño , Preescolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Encefalitis Viral/sangre , Femenino , Radicales Libres/sangre , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangre , Recuento de Leucocitos , Masculino , Estrés Oxidativo/fisiología , Recuento de Plaquetas , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/sangre