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1.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 25(6): e784-e790, 2020 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037809

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the causes of dental implant removal due to complications, and examined whether patients who had dental implant removal desired re-implant prosthesis treatments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted on patients who had their dental implants removed. We investigated whether the removed dental implant was replaced with other implant prostheses. Age, sex, diabetes, smoking, implant site distribution, reason for implant removal, and blade and root-form implants were categorized as predictive variables. The outcome variable was desire for re-implantation or use of other prosthetic methods after implant removal. A logistic regression model was created to identify patient factors that could predict the re-implantation of dental prostheses after implant removal. RESULTS: A total of 215 dental implants were removed from 143 patients. The most common reason for implant removal was peri-implantitis that was identified in 165 implants. After implant removal, re-implantation was performed in 98 implants (45.6%). Bivariate analyses showed that age, diabetes, implant type, and reason for implant removal were associated with the desire for re-implanted prostheses. The multiple regression model revealed that age, implant type, and reason for implant removal were associated with an increased desire for re-implant prostheses after implant removal. CONCLUSIONS: Re-implantation of prostheses after the removal of dental implants was desired by patients who were younger, had implants placed in the root form, and had implants removed due to prosthetic-related complications.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos
2.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 24(1): e123-e129, 2019 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573720

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify (1) the predilection site of postoperative infection after third molar extraction surgery, (2) risk factors associated with postoperative infection, and (3) the cause of the difference between delayed- and early-onset infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 1010 patients (396 male, 614 female) who had ≥1 third molars extracted (2407; 812 maxilla, 1595 mandible). The risk factors were classified as attributes, general health, anatomic, and operative. Outcome variables were delayed- and early-onset infections. RESULTS: Postoperative infection was completely absent in the maxilla, and all infections occurred in the mandible, with a probability of 1.94% (31/1595). Bivariate analysis for postoperative infection showed depth of inclusion and intraoperative hemostatic treatment to be significantly associated with the development of infections. Bivariate analysis for delayed- and early-onset infections showed simultaneous extraction of the left and right mandibular third molars to be prominent risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative infection occurs mainly in the mandible, and that in the maxilla is very rare. The risk of postoperative infection in the mandible was found to be related to the depth of inclusion and intraoperative hemostatic treatment. Simultaneous extraction of the left and right mandibular third molars appear to increase the risk of delayed-onset postoperative infection.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Bacterianas/epidemiología , Enfermedades Mandibulares/epidemiología , Tercer Molar/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Extracción Dental , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
3.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 47(12): 1581-1586, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30049607

RESUMEN

The removal of titanium miniplates is a controversial topic in oral and maxillofacial surgery. This retrospective study examined the timing of and reasons for titanium plate removal after orthognathic surgery. The study included 240 orthognathic surgery patients (71 male, 169 female; age range 16-55 years, mean 25.0±8.8 years) who had maxillofacial osteosynthesis plates inserted or inserted and then removed at the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kagawa Prefectural Central Hospital, between April 2003 and March 2017. During the study period, a total of 717 miniplates were inserted in the 240 patients, and 71 of the patients (29.6%) had 236 plates (32.9%) removed. Ten patients (14.1%) had their plates removed within a year due to early complications. Although no patient had their plate removed due to complications at 1-5 years postoperative, a further 14 patients (19.7%) had their plates removed after more than 5 years of long-term follow-up due to plate-related complications. Complications requiring plate removal were evidently biphasic, occurring within 1 year after the operation and at ≥5 years after the operation. Therefore, after confirming postoperative bone healing, it is necessary to explain to patients the risks of plate removal and the importance of long-term follow-up.


Asunto(s)
Placas Óseas , Remoción de Dispositivos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Titanio
4.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 43(2): 20130355, 2014.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24336313

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of posterior maxillary fractures involving the posterior maxillary sinus wall, pterygoid plate or both, unrelated to major midface fractures in patients with mandibular fractures, and to characterize associated fractures. METHODS: A CT study was performed in patients with mandibular fractures to identify posterior maxillary fractures. Patients aged under 16 years, those with mandibular fractures involving only dentoalveolar components and those with concurrent major midfacial fractures were excluded. RESULTS: 13 (6.7%) of 194 patients with mandibular fractures also had posterior maxillary fractures (case group). The injury pattern correlated with the external force directed to the lateral side of the mandible (p < 0.001), alcohol consumption (p = 0.049), the presence of multifocal fractures (p = 0.002) and the fracture regions in the symphysis/parasymphysis (p = 0.001) and the angle/ramus (p = 0.001). No significant difference between the case and non-case groups was seen for age, sex or cause of trauma. Non-displaced fractures in the ipsilateral posterior mandible occurred with significant frequency (p = 0.001) when the posterior maxillary fractures involved only the sinus. CONCLUSIONS: Mandibular fractures accompanied by posterior maxillary fractures are not rare. The finding of a unilateral posterior maxillary fracture on CT may aid the efficient radiological examination of the mandible based on possible patterns of associated fractures, as follows: in the ipsilateral posterior region as a direct fracture when the impact is a medially directed force, and in the symphysis/parasymphysis or contralateral condylar neck as an indirect fracture.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas Mandibulares/epidemiología , Fracturas Maxilares/epidemiología , Seno Maxilar/lesiones , Fracturas Craneales/epidemiología , Hueso Esfenoides/lesiones , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Procesamiento de Imagen Asistido por Computador/estadística & datos numéricos , Japón/epidemiología , Masculino , Cóndilo Mandibular/lesiones , Fracturas Mandibulares/clasificación , Fracturas Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagen , Fracturas Maxilares/diagnóstico por imagen , Persona de Mediana Edad , Traumatismo Múltiple/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Fracturas Craneales/diagnóstico por imagen
5.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 43(2): 177-84, 2014 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24070772

RESUMEN

We evaluated the safety, efficacy, and morbidity associated with the treatment of displaced mandibular condylar neck fractures using a retromandibular transparotid approach to reduce and rigidly fix using two 2.0-mm locking miniplates. Our surgical inclusion criteria were: patient selection of open reduction and fixation, displaced unilateral condylar fractures with derangement of occlusion, and bilateral condylar fractures with an anterior open bite. The study group consisted of 19 patients who underwent surgery for 19 mandibular condylar neck fractures; patients were analyzed prospectively, with more than 6 months of follow-up, and were evaluated in terms of functional results, scar formation, postoperative complications, and stability of fixation. The results showed that functional occlusion identical to the preoperative condition and correct anatomical reduction of the condylar segments in centric occlusion, followed by immediate functional recovery, was achieved in all patients. No patient suffered from any major or permanent complication postoperatively, although there were two cases (11%) of temporary facial nerve palsy, which resolved completely within 3 months. Surgical scars were barely visible. The retromandibular transparotid approach with open reduction and rigid internal fixation for displaced condylar neck fractures of the mandible is a feasible and safe, minimally invasive surgical technique that provides reliable clinical results.


Asunto(s)
Placas Óseas , Fijación Interna de Fracturas/métodos , Cóndilo Mandibular/cirugía , Fracturas Mandibulares/cirugía , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Cicatriz/etiología , Parálisis Facial/etiología , Femenino , Fijación Interna de Fracturas/instrumentación , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Mínimamente Invasivos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
6.
Gan No Rinsho ; 32(5): 469-73, 1986 May.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-3723805

RESUMEN

Double cancers and related family histories were studied in eight patients who had developed cancers in the breasts and other organs. The incidence of double cancer among patients with breast cancer was 1.7% (8/472), and the age at first onset averaged 48. The organs involved were mainly the digestive system, thyroid and female sexual organs. The incidence of cancer was higher in the pedigree of double breast cancer patients than in those with solitary cancer. In follow-up study, it is necessary to elucidate the difference in characteristics between double and solitary breast cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/genética , Neoplasias Primarias Múltiples/genética , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores Sexuales
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