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1.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744163

RESUMEN

The accurate and early diagnosis and classification of cancer origin from either tissue or liquid biopsy is crucial for selecting the appropriate treatment and reducing cancer-related mortality. Here, we established the CAncer Cell-of-Origin (CACO) methylation panel using the methylation data of the 28 types of cancer in The Cancer Genome Atlas (7950 patients and 707 normal controls) as well as healthy whole blood samples (95 subjects). We showed that the CACO methylation panel had high diagnostic potential with high sensitivity and specificity in the discovery (maximum AUC = 0.998) and validation (maximum AUC = 1.000) cohorts. Moreover, we confirmed that the CACO methylation panel could identify the cancer cell type of origin using the methylation profile from liquid as well as tissue biopsy, including primary, metastatic, and multiregional cancer samples and cancer of unknown primary, independent of the methylation analysis platform and specimen preparation method. Together, the CACO methylation panel can be a powerful tool for the classification and diagnosis of cancer.

3.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 491, 2021 Oct 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610824

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cardiac myxoma is the most common type of primary cardiac tumor, and thymic carcinoid is a rare neuroendocrine tumor. No previous reports have described surgical management of concomitant occurrence of these neoplasms. We report a case of simultaneous surgical resection in a patient with coexisting cardiac myxoma and atypical thymic carcinoid. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year-old Japanese woman underwent chest roentgenography revealing an abnormality in the mediastinum. Computed tomography revealed a 100 mm mass in the anterior mediastinum and also a 30 mm mass in the left atrium. The mediastinal tumor was diagnosed as atypical carcinoid by biopsy. Having completed resection of atypical thymic carcinoid, cardiac mass was successfully resected with careful consideration of minimizing operation time and optimizing patient safety and oncological treatment. The histopathological diagnosis of the cardiac mass was myxoma. No adjuvant chemotherapy was administered, and no recurrence was seen as of the 45 month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The simultaneous surgery of cardiac myxoma and atypical thymic carcinoid was feasible and effective. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report to describe one-stage treatment of these neoplasms.


Asunto(s)
Tumor Carcinoide , Neoplasias Cardíacas , Mixoma , Neoplasias del Timo , Adulto , Tumor Carcinoide/diagnóstico por imagen , Tumor Carcinoide/cirugía , Femenino , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirugía , Humanos , Mixoma/diagnóstico por imagen , Mixoma/cirugía , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias del Timo/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias del Timo/cirugía
5.
J Proteome Res ; 2021 Oct 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676758

RESUMEN

New methods are needed for global lipid profiling due to the complex chemical structures and diverse physicochemical properties of lipids. Herein we introduce a robust data workflow to unambiguously select lipid features from serum ether extracts by multisegment injection-nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (MSI-NACE-MS). An iterative three-stage screening strategy is developed for nontargeted lipid analyses when using multiplexed electrophoretic separations coupled to an Orbitrap mass analyzer under negative ion mode. This approach enables the credentialing of 270 serum lipid features annotated based on their accurate mass and relative migration time, including 128 ionic lipids reliably measured (median CV ≈ 13%) in most serum samples (>75%) from nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) patients (n = 85). A mobility map is introduced to classify charged lipid classes over a wide polarity range with selectivity complementary to chromatographic separations, including lysophosphatidic acids, phosphatidylcholines, phosphatidylinositols, phosphatidylethanolamines, and nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs). Serum lipidome profiles were also used to differentiate high- from low-risk NASH patients using a k-means clustering algorithm, where elevated circulating NEFAs (e.g., palmitic acid) were associated with increased glucose intolerance, more severe liver fibrosis, and greater disease burden. MSI-NACE-MS greatly expands the metabolome coverage of conventional aqueous-based CE-MS protocols and is a promising platform for large-scale lipidomic studies.

6.
J Clin Med ; 10(20)2021 Oct 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682922

RESUMEN

The prevalence of physical functioning limitations is positively correlated with age in both men and women. However, whether the appearance of deterioration differs depending on physical function and sex remains unclear. This study aimed to clarify the modes of age-related changes in physical function and sex differences in middle-aged and older adults. This study comprised 124 (46 men and 78 women) healthy adults aged 30 years or older and examined gender differences in physical function. The results of this study showed that one-leg standing time had the highest rate of age-related decline in both men and women, followed by knee extension strength, skeletal muscle mass, the 5 m walking test, and the timed up and go test. The sex-specific points showed a high rate of decline in trunk forward bending in men and a high rate of decline in forced expiratory volume (1 s) and gradual rate of decline in the bone area ratio in women. After middle age, it is desirable to start monitoring and training balance, muscle function, and walking. Men require early intervention for flexibility, and women require early intervention for respiratory function and continued intervention for bone mineral density.

7.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 10668969211036942, 2021 Sep 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487466

RESUMEN

Salivary hybrid carcinoma (HC) is defined as when two or more kinds of carcinoma exist at the same location in a single mass. We reestimated and examined three cases of salivary gland HC. Case 1 involved a 76-year-old male. Case 2 involved a 74-year-old female. Case 3 involved a 66-year-old male. Histologically, case 1 involved a combination of salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC). Immunohistochemically, the former was positive for gross cystic disease fluid protein (GCDFP)-15 and androgen receptor (AR). Case 2 involved a combination of SqCC and neuroendocrine carcinoma. Immunohistochemically the latter was positive for synaptophysin and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). Case 3 involved a combination of SDC and epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC). Immunohistochemically, the former was positive for GCDFP-15 and AR, whereas the inner cells of the latter were positive for cytokeratin 7, and the outer cells of the latter were positive for actin. Because of the transitional zone between SDC and EMC, it was speculated that high-grade SDC arose from low-grade EMC.

8.
Diagn Pathol ; 16(1): 86, 2021 Sep 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563225

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Thyroid tumors are often difficult to histopathologically diagnose, particularly follicular adenoma (FA) and follicular carcinoma (FC). Papillary carcinoma (PAC) has several histological subtypes. Periostin (PON), which is a non-collagenous extracellular matrix molecule, has been implicated in tumor invasiveness. We herein aimed to elucidate the expression status and localization of PON in thyroid tumors. METHOD: We collected 105 cases of thyroid nodules, which included cases of adenomatous goiter, FA, microcarcinoma (MIC), PAC, FC, poorly differentiated carcinoma (PDCa), and undifferentiated carcinoma (UCa), and immunohistochemically examined the PON expression patterns of these lesions. RESULTS: Stromal PON deposition was detected in PAC and MIC, particularly in the solid/sclerosing subtype, whereas FA and FC showed weak deposition on the fibrous capsule. However, the invasive and/or extracapsular regions of microinvasive FC showed quite strong PON expression. Except for it, we could not find any significant histopathological differences between FA and FC. There were no other significant histopathological differences between FA and FC. Although PDCa showed a similar PON expression pattern to PAC, UCa exhibited stromal PON deposition in its invasive portions and cytoplasmic expression in its carcinoma cells. Although there was only one case of UCa, it showed strong PON immunopositivity. PAC and MIC showed similar patterns of stromal PON deposition, particularly at the invasive front. CONCLUSIONS: PON may play a role in the invasion of thyroid carcinomas, particularly PAC and UCa, whereas it may act as a barrier to the growth of tumor cells in FA and minimally invasive FC.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(38): e27297, 2021 Sep 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559141

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Despite the impact of leg muscle strength on lower extremity motor performance-including walking and sit-to-stand transfer-it remains difficult to predict the relationship between bilateral leg muscle strength and lower extremity performance. Therefore, this study was designed to predict lower extremity function through the differential modeling of logarithmic and linear regression, based on knee extension strength.The study included 121 individuals living in the same community. The bilateral strengths of the knee extensors were measured using a handheld dynamometer, and the Timed Up & Go test (TUG) performance time and 5-m minimum walking times were assessed to predict lower extremity motor functions. Bilateral normalized knee extension muscle strengths and lower extremity motor function scores, including walking or TUG performance times, were assessed on the logarithmic and linear models. The Akaike information criterion (AIC) was used to evaluate the coefficient compatibility between the logarithmic regression model and the linear regression model.The AIC value for the linear model was lower than that for the logarithmic model regarding the walking time. For walking time estimation in the linear model, the coefficient value of knee extension strength was larger on the strong than on the weak side; however, the AIC value for the logarithmic model was lower than that for the linear model regarding TUG performance time. In the logarithmic model's TUG performance time estimation, the coefficient value of knee extension strength was larger on the weak than on the strong side.In conclusion, our study demonstrated different models reflecting the relationship between both legs' strengths and lower extremity performance, including the walking and TUG performance times.


Asunto(s)
Articulación de la Rodilla/fisiología , Extremidad Inferior/fisiología , Fuerza Muscular , Prueba de Paso , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574566

RESUMEN

This study aimed to clarify the variability in the independence profiles of specific activities of daily living (ADL) among older men and women. The research subjects were 5872 older adults (1143 men and 4729 women) certified as requiring nursing care or support (based on data obtained from the nursing care insurance certification survey database) who could be surveyed in both 2009 and 2018. Using item response theory, this study compared longitudinal data of difficulties faced by older adults during ADL. The results indicated that among the long-term care insurance-certified persons, in 2009, men had higher ADL difficulty than women in all ADL items, and in 2018, there was no significant difference in items other than dressing and excretion. Furthermore, the difference in the rate of ADL difficulty level over 9 years was significantly higher in women than in men. It was shown that the progression of ADL disability due to aging is faster in men on a yearly basis, but it increases in women with aging. Therefore, it was suggested that the rate of ADL difficulty varies depending on age and sex.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Cotidianas , Personas con Discapacidad , Anciano , Envejecimiento , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Evaluación Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino
12.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(23): 6886-6899, 2021 Aug 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447839

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of malignant lymphoma (ML), accounting for 30%-40% of cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in adults. Primary paranasal sinus lymphoma is a rare presentation of extranodal NHL that accounts for only 0.17% of all lymphomas. ML from the maxillary sinus (MS) is a particularly rare presentation, and is thus often difficult to diagnose. We have reported the first known case of DLBCL originating from the MS with rapidly occurrent multiple skin metastasis. CASE SUMMARY: An 81-year-old Japanese man visited our hospital due to continuous pain for 12 d in the left maxillary nerve area. His medical history included splenectomy due to a traffic injury, an old right cerebral infarction from when he was 74-years-old, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. A plain head computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a 3 cm × 3.1 cm × 3 cm sized left MS. On day 25, left diplopia and ptosis occurred, and a follow-up CT on day 31 revealed the growth of the left MS mass. Based on an MS biopsy on day 50, we established a definitive diagnosis of DLBCL, non-germinal center B-cell-like originating from the left MS. The patient was admitted on day 62 due to rapid deterioration of his condition, and a plain CT scan revealed the further growth of the left MS mass, as well as multiple systemic metastasis, including of the skin. A skin biopsy on day 70 was found to be the same as that of the left MS mass. We notified the patient and his family of the disease, and they opted for palliative care, considering on his condition and age. The patient died on day 80. CONCLUSION: This case suggests the need for careful, detailed examination, and for careful follow-up, when encountering patients presenting with a mass.

13.
Res Sports Med ; : 1-11, 2021 Aug 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406086

RESUMEN

This study investigated the relationship between quadriceps strength and knee kinematics during a drop vertical jump (DVJ) at 6, 9 and 12 months after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in 9 male and 22 female athletes (16.6 ± 2.1 years old). Isokinetic quadriceps strength was measured by a dynamometer (Biodex System 3). Knee flexion excursion was assessed using two-dimensional analysis. Knee flexion excursion at 6 months was significantly smaller in the involved limb than in the uninvolved limb independent of quadriceps strength (56.7° ± 9.3°, 63.4° ± 11.4°, P < 0.001). At 9 months, only the low quadriceps strength group demonstrated a similar interlimb difference (57.2°± 12.3°, 63.3° ± 10.5°, P < 0.001). At 12 months, there was no significant interlimb difference in knee flexion excursion regardless of quadriceps strength. These findings indicate that restoration in symmetrical knee flexion excursion during a DVJ requires rehabilitation as well as quadriceps strength.

14.
Kyobu Geka ; 74(7): 528-532, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193788

RESUMEN

Lobectomy for infectious nodules with suspected adhesion is depressing. Initially, we start the surgery through a thoracoscopic approach, but for unavoidable reasons, we sometimes convert it to an open thoracotomy. Here we experienced two rare resected cases of left upper lobe infectious nodule. We completed the left upper lobectomies with a thoracoscopic approach for one case and with an open thoracotomy for another. I will mainly report on the techniques of both approaches.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Cirugía Torácica Asistida por Video , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirugía , Neumonectomía , Toracotomía
15.
Pathol Int ; 71(10): 666-673, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231937

RESUMEN

CD163 is one of the scavenger receptors expressed on macrophages. However, several immunohistochemical studies have demonstrated that CD163 is also detected on cancer cells, and is associated with a poor prognosis. In the present study, we detected CD163 staining on cancer cells in lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and investigated the relationship between CD163 on cancer cells and the clinical prognosis. CD163 staining was seen in 128 of 342 adenocarcinoma cases and 35 of 103 SCC cases. Among the lung adenocarcinoma cases, the progression-free survival and overall survival were significantly shorter in the CD163 high group than the CD163 low group. A similar trend was observed among the SCC cases, but the difference was not statistically significant. Additionally, a higher number of macrophages was detected in areas with CD163-positive cancer cells when compared to areas with CD163-negative cancer cells. In summary, we found that CD163-positive cancer cells are a predictor of a worse clinical course in lung adenocarcinoma and SCC.

16.
Cancer Res ; 81(18): 4751-4765, 2021 Sep 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289987

RESUMEN

Invasive lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) can be classified histologically as lepidic, acinar, papillary, micropapillary, or solid. Most LADC tumors manifest several of these histological subtypes, with heterogeneity being related to therapeutic resistance. We report here that in immunodeficient mice, human LADC cells form tumors with distinct histological features, MUC5AC-expressing solid-type or cytokeratin 7 (CK7)-expressing acinar-type tumors, depending on the site of development, and that a solid-to-acinar transition (SAT) could be induced by the tumor microenvironment. The TGFß-Smad signaling pathway was activated in both tumor and stromal cells of acinar-type tumors. Immortalized cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) derived from acinar-type tumors induced SAT in 3D cocultures with LADC cells. Exogenous TGFß1 or overexpression of an active form of TGFß1 increased CK7 expression and reduced MUC5AC expression in LADC cells, and knockdown of Tgfb1 mRNA in CAFs attenuated SAT induction. RNA-sequencing analysis suggested that angiogenesis and neutrophil recruitment are associated with SAT in vivo. Our data indicate that CAF-mediated paracrine TGFß signaling induces remodeling of tumor tissue and determines the histological pattern of LADC, thereby contributing to tumor heterogeneity. SIGNIFICANCE: CAFs secrete TGFß to induce a solid-to-acinar transition in lung cancer cells, demonstrating how the tumor microenvironment influences histological patterns and tumor heterogeneity in lung adenocarcinoma.

17.
Metabolites ; 11(5)2021 May 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068294

RESUMEN

For large-scale metabolomics, such as in cohort studies, normalization protocols using quality control (QC) samples have been established when using data from gas chromatography and liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. However, normalization protocols have not been established for capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry metabolomics. In this study, we performed metabolome analysis of 314 human plasma samples using capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry. QC samples were analyzed every 10 samples. The results of principal component analysis for the metabolome data from only the QC samples showed variations caused by capillary replacement in the first principal component score and linear variation with continuous measurement in the second principal component score. Correlation analysis between diagnostic blood tests and plasma metabolites normalized by the QC samples was performed for samples from 188 healthy subjects who participated in a Japanese population study. Five highly correlated pairs were identified, including two previously unidentified pairs in normal healthy subjects of blood urea nitrogen and guanidinosuccinic acid, and gamma-glutamyl transferase and cysteine glutathione disulfide. These results confirmed the validity of normalization protocols in capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry using large-scale metabolomics and comprehensive analysis.

18.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 15: 603069, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935666

RESUMEN

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate whether oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) generated during a motor imagery (MI) task is associated with the motor learning level of the task. Methods: We included 16 right-handed healthy participants who were trained to perform a ball rotation (BR) task. Hemodynamic brain activity was measured using near-infrared spectroscopy to monitor changes in oxy-Hb concentration during the BR MI task. The experimental protocol used a block design, and measurements were performed three times before and after the initial training of the BR task as well as after the final training. The BR count during training was also measured. Furthermore, subjective vividness of MI was evaluated three times after NIRS measurement using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Results: The results showed that the number of BRs increased significantly with training (P < 0.001). VAS scores also improved with training (P < 0.001). Furthermore, oxy-Hb concentration and the region of interest (ROI) showed a main effect (P = 0.001). An interaction was confirmed (P < 0.001), and it was ascertained that the change in oxy-Hb concentrations due to training was different for each ROI. The most significant predictor of subjective MI vividness was supplementary motor area (SMA) oxy-Hb concentration (coefficient = 0.365). Discussion: Hemodynamic brain activity during MI tasks may be correlated with task motor learning levels, since significant changes in oxy-Hb concentrations were observed following initial and final training in the SMA. In particular, hemodynamic brain activity in the SMA was suggested to reflect the MI vividness of participants.

19.
Med Mol Morphol ; 54(3): 281-288, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009452

RESUMEN

Although intraductal carcinoma (IDC) of the salivary glands was previously called low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma, it was newly categorized in the 4th version of the World Health Organization classification. We report a case of IDC of the upper lip and examined it immunohistochemically and genetically. The patient was a 48-year-old Japanese female, who noticed a tiny nodule on her left upper lip. Histologically, the tumor cells, which had eosinophilic cytoplasm, exhibited papillary and solid growth patterns, and regions of suspected microinvasion or intraductal spread were also seen at the periphery of the tumor. Small necrotic foci were noted. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were diffusely positive for the androgen receptor, CK19, CK5/6, EGFR, and SOX10, whereas they were focally positive for GCDFP-15, S-100 protein, and mammaglobin. The tumor nests were surrounded by alpha-smooth muscle actin-p63-/calponin-/CK14-positive myoepithelial cells. The Ki-67 labeling index was 51.2%. Genetic analysis showed no evidence of the TRIM27-RET or NCOA4-RET fusion gene. We finally diagnosed the tumor as a high-grade mixed intercalated duct/apocrine-type IDC of the upper lip. IDC of the minor salivary glands is exceedingly rare. We discuss diagnostic problems associated with minor salivary gland lesions, and the "basal-like" phenotype of this case.

20.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 37(10): 2849-2859, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33993421

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Histopathological or intracoronary image assessment of healed plaques (HPs) has been reported. However, the lesion characteristics of HPs remains undetermined yet. We assessed the healed plaque components in patients with coronary artery lesions using multiple imaging modalities. METHODS: We enrolled 33 stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients with 36 native coronary culprit lesions with angiography severe stenosis and without severe calcification undergoing pre-intervention optical coherence tomography (OCT) and coronary angioscopy (CAS). HPs were defined as layered phenotype on OCT. Lesion morphologies and plaque characteristics of HPs were assessed using OCT and CAS. RESULTS: HPs were observed in 19 lesions (52.8%). HP lesions had higher frequent B2/C lesions (89.4% vs. 52.9%, p = 0.02), worse pre-PCI coronary flow (corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction count 21.6 ± 13.5 vs. 13.8 ± 6.2, p = 0.047) and greater lumen-area stenosis (79.6 ± 10.6% vs. 68.0 ± 21.6%, p = 0.047) than non-HP lesions. HP lesions had higher prevalence of OCT-thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) (31.6% vs. 0.0%, p = 0.02), OCT-macrophage (89.5% vs. 41.2%, p = 0.004), and CAS-red thrombus (89.5% vs. 41.2%, p = 0.004) than non-HP lesions. The combination of 3 features including OCT-TCFA, macrophages, and CAS-red thrombus showed higher predictive valuer for HPs on OCT than each single variable. Post-PCI irregular tissue protrusion was more frequently observed in lesions with HPs than in those without (52.6% vs. 13.3%, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: SAP lesions with HPs might have more frequent vulnerable plaques with intraplaque inflammation and thrombus than those without, suggesting that layered phenotype on OCT might reflect not only healing process but also potential risks for future coronary events.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Infarto del Miocardio , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Placa Aterosclerótica , Angioscopía , Angiografía Coronaria , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Vasos Coronarios/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea/efectos adversos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Tomografía de Coherencia Óptica
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