Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 21
Filtrar
2.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(6): 1130-1134, 2020 Dec 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331326

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the esthetic proportions of maxillary anterior teeth in term of the apparent widths proportion of the adjacent teeth and width/height ratio of the clinical crown in 120 Chinese adults. METHODS: Maxillary gypsum casts were obtained from the dental laboratories of stomatological hospitals in North China, Southeast China, and Southwest China, according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Standardized digital photographs of each cast were recorded. The apparent widths and actual widths and heights of the central incisors, lateral incisors and canines were determined by ImageJ software for the calculation of apparent widths proportion of the adjacent teeth and width/height ratio of the clinical crown. The ideal apparent widths proportion (Golden proportion and Preston proportion) and width/height ratio (0.80) were tested. The gender, arch side, and regional differences were investigated. RESULTS: The apparent widths proportion of the lateral/central incisor was 0.724±0.047, of the canine/lateral incisor was 0.814±0.092. The width/height ratio of the central incisor was 0.848±0.072, of the lateral incisor was 0.834±0.094, of the canine was 0.883±0.098. The esthetic proportions were different from the predicted ideal ratio (P < 0.001). The apparent widths proportion of lateral/central incisor was significantly larger in the right side than that in the left side (0.730± 0.044 vs. 0.718±0.050), and was significantly smaller in North China than that in Southwest China (0.711±0.051 vs. 0.731±0.044). The width/height ratio of the central incisor was significantly larger in the female than that in the male (0.855±0.074 vs. 0.835±0.068), and in the right side than that in the left side (0.855±0.073 vs. 0.842±0.072). The width/height ratio of the lateral incisor was significantly larger in the female than that in the male (0.843±0.097 vs. 0.817±0.084). CONCLUSION: The apparent widths proportion of adjacent teeth and the width/height ratio of the clinical crown in Chinese adults are different from the foreigner's. The esthetic proportion parameters have significant population specificity, and the measurements cannot be generalized as well as it should be applied with caution.


Asunto(s)
Diente Canino , Corona del Diente , Adulto , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática , China , Estética , Estética Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar/anatomía & histología , Odontometría , Corona del Diente/anatomía & histología
3.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 799-802, 2020 Oct 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045795
4.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 948-951, 2020 Oct 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047735

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of loupes and microscope on the posture of prosthodontists when preparing the laminate veneer, and to assess the clinical value of loupes and microscope from the ergonomic aspects. METHODS: Twenty young prosthodontists from Department of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were recruited into this study, which was a prospective, single blind, self-control trials. The research hypothesis was concealed and the participants were deceived about the precise purpose of the study to counterbalance the lack of direct blinding. The prosthodontists prepared laminate veneers of open window type in the artificial dental model, under routine visual field (control group), 2.5× headwear loupes (loupes group), and 8× operating microscope (microscopic group) by turning. The participants were photographed from profile view and front view. Thereafter, the subjective assessment was performed by themselves using the visual analogue score (VAS). The expert assessment was performed by two professors using modified-dental operator posture assessment instrument on the basis of photographs of the profile view and front view. RESULTS: The subjective assessment scores for the control group, loupes group and microscopic group were 4.55±1.96, 7.90±1.12, and 9.00±0.92, respectively. There was significant difference between the three groups' subjective scores (P < 0.05). The expert assessment scores for the control group, loupes group and microscopic group were 16.38±1.52, 15.15±1.30, and 13.60±0.88, respectively. There was significant difference between the three groups' expert assessment scores (P < 0.05). Specifically, the three groups' expert assessment scores were significantly different (P < 0.05) in trunk position (front to back) (1.33±0.41, 1.03±0.11, 1.00±0.00), head and neck position (front to back) (2.75±0.38, 2.13±0.36, 1.23±0.38), elbows level (1.38±0.43, 1.40±0.45, 1.13±0.22), and shoulders level (1.43±0.41, 1.23±0.34, 1.13±0.28). Thereinto, the microscopic group was better than loupes group in head and neck position (front to back) and elbows level (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Loupes and microscope improve the posture of the prosthodontist when preparing the laminate veneer, in which the microscope is better than loupes. Therefore, the magnification devices have clinical value from the ergonomic aspects.


Asunto(s)
Ergonomía , Postura , Odontólogos , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Método Simple Ciego
7.
J Appl Lab Med ; 5(6): 1313-1323, 2020 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717060

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the performance of the Roche novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 antibody (anti-SARS-CoV-2) assay. We provide an extensive evaluation of this fully automated assay on Cobas e801/e602 immunoassay analyzers. METHODS: We assessed the linearity, precision, and throughput of the Roche anti-SARS-CoV-2 assay. Sensitivity was calculated from 349 SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive samples; specificity was determined from 715 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-naive samples. We examined cross-reactivity against other antibody positive samples [syphilis, rheumatoid factor (RF), antinuclear antibody (ANA), double-stranded DNA (ds-DNA), influenza, dengue, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV)] and the anti-SARS-CoV-2 kinetics. RESULTS: The assay cut-off index (COI) was linear up to 90.8. The interassay precision was 2.9% for a negative control (COI = 0.1) and 5.1% for a positive control (COI = 3.0). Assay time is 18 min and results are available 1 min later; throughput for 300 samples was 76 min. Only 1 case positive for HBsAg tested falsely positive; specificity was 99.9%. The assay has a sensitivity of 97.1% 14 days after PCR positivity (POS) and 100% at ≥21 days POS; 48.2% of cases had anti-SARS-CoV-2 within 6 days POS. In 11 patients in whom serum was available prior to a positive antibody signal (COI ≥1.0) the interval between the last negative and first positive COI (time to "seroconversion") on average is 3 days (range 1-6 days) and 4 more days (range 1-7) for the anti-SARS-CoV-2 to plateau. CONCLUSION: The Roche anti-SARS-CoV-2 assay shows excellent performance with minimal cross-reactivity from other viral and confounding antibodies. Antibody development and seroconversion appears quite early.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Antivirales/sangre , Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Técnicas de Laboratorio Clínico/instrumentación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Pruebas Serológicas/instrumentación , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Anticuerpos Antivirales/inmunología , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/inmunología , Técnicas de Laboratorio Clínico/estadística & datos numéricos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/sangre , Infecciones por Coronavirus/inmunología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Reacciones Cruzadas/inmunología , Femenino , Fluoroinmunoensayo/instrumentación , Fluoroinmunoensayo/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Inmunoglobulina G/sangre , Inmunoglobulina G/inmunología , Mediciones Luminiscentes/instrumentación , Mediciones Luminiscentes/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/sangre , Neumonía Viral/inmunología , Neumonía Viral/virología , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa/estadística & datos numéricos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , ARN Viral/aislamiento & purificación , Juego de Reactivos para Diagnóstico , Seroconversión , Pruebas Serológicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores de Tiempo , Adulto Joven
9.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(6): 368-372, 2019 Jun 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177672

RESUMEN

Oral aesthetics is a branch of stomatology. It is based on oral medicine and guided by medical esthetics, and includes maintainance, restoration and construction of the beauty of teeth, oral cavity and maxillofacial region. The development of oral esthetics in China has a long history. The late 1980s and early 1990s are the important historical periods of the development of oral esthetics in China. In recent years, with the development of social economy and culture, China's oral esthetics has developed rapidly. In September 2016, Chinese Society of Esthetic Dentistry, Chinese Stomatological Association was established in Shanghai. With the goal of esthetics, multidisciplinary integration has become the future development trend of oral esthetics.


Asunto(s)
Estética Dental , Medicina Oral , China , Odontología , Predicción
13.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(2): 315-320, 2019 Apr 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30996375

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of different cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) treatment on the surface chemical and physical properties of zirconia and adhensive behaviour of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) cultured on zirconia disks. METHODS: The zirconia disks were divided into four groups and treated using helium, argon and mixture of argon and oxygen cold atmospheric plasma for 90 s or left untreated. The surface morphology, wettability and chemical elements were analyzed right after treatment. Human gingival fibroblasts were grown from biopsies obtained from a periodontally healthy human subject during periodontal surgery. HGFs were seeded on zirconia disk, and cells density was measured at the time point of 3 hours. Indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) was performed for morphometric examination at the time point of 3 hours. RESULTS: The crystallographic structure of zirconia was analyzed previously and the results suggested that it fitted the properties of zirconium yttrium oxide. After helium, argon and mixture of argon and oxygen cold atmospheric plasma treatment, the surface morphology and roughness of zirconia disks remained the same. The contact angle of zirconia decreased significantly(P<0.05)after CAP treatment: from 68.38° to 17.90°. After different CAP plasmas treatment, the atomic percentage of carbon on the outermost surface of the three groups decreased, as did the surface C/O ratio. The surface C/O ratio of zirconia decreased from 1.07 to 0.33. Fibroblasts density increased on CAP treated disks, especially the ones treated by mixture of argon and oxygen CAP(P<0.05). Cells of the three CAP plasma treatment groups spread better and had more protrusions, as well as larger surficial areas. CONCLUSION: Based on the results of this study after being treated by different kinds of CAP plasmas for 90 s, the surface wettability increased and the elements changed significantly with no changes in the tomography and roughness of the materials. The CAP treatment enhances the adhensive behavior of fibroblasts on zirconia by increasing the oxygen functional groups and promoting the cell density. Wettability of zirconia, an important physicochemical property, has a vital influence on the cell behaviors.


Asunto(s)
Encía , Circonio , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Propiedades de Superficie
14.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(1): 43-48, 2019 Feb 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773542

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different treatment temperatures of a novel cold atmospheric plasma jet treatment on the resin-dentin bonding. METHODS: (1) Fifty-two freshly extracted, non-carious and intact third molars were collected. The occlusal one-third of the crown was removed by means of a water-cooled low-speed Isomet saw. One dentin disc [(900 ±100) µm] was prepared for each tooth. The fifty-two dentin discs were randomly divided into control group and experimental groups, of which four were in control group, and forty-eight were divided into four experimental groups according to the different treatment temperatures (4 °C, 10 °C, 20 °C and 30 °C) of the novel radio-frequency atmospheric-pressure glow discharge (RF-APGD) plasma jet, twelve in each group. Each experimental group was divided into three subgroups according to different treatment time (10 s, 20 s and 30 s), with four in each subgroup. The occlusal one-third of the crown was removed by means of a water-cooled low-speed Isomet saw. The morphology of demineralized dentin surfaces was analyzed using field emission scanning electron microscopy. (2) Twenty unerupted, non-carious and intact third molars were randomly divided into five groups, four in each group: control group, untreated; 4 °C, 10 °C, 20 °C and 30 °C experimental groups, each group was treated with the RF-APGD plasma jet for 20 s. The micro-tensile resin dentin bond strength was tested after 20 s RF-APGD plasma jet treatment with different temperatures, using a universal mechanical machine. RESULTS: (1) The field emission scanning electron microscopy results indicated that when compared with the control group, a 10 s RF-APGD plasma jet treatment with 30 °C and 20 °C collapsed the collagen scaffold. Collagen fibrils maintained an uncollapsed three-dimensional structure after the 4 °C RF-APGD plasma jet treatment for even 30 s treatment. (2) The microtensile resin dentin bond strength results of the 4 °C RF-APGD plasma jet treatment group (57.8±0.7) MPa were significantly higher than that of the control group [(47.4±0.5) MPa] and 10 s, 20 s and 30 s RF-APGD plasma treatment group [(51.9±0.7) MPa,(29.7±1.0) MPa and (22.2±1.5) MPa] with statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the micro-tensile bond strength increased about 21.9% and 9.5% after 4 °C and 10 °C RF-APGD plasma jet treatment, respectively. CONCLUSION: Compared with other treatment temperatures, this novel RF-APGD plasma jet treatment with the temperature of 4 °C can preserve the three-dimensional morphology of demineralized dentin better, and can improve the resin-dentin bonding.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Gases em Plasma , Resinas Compuestas , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Cementos de Resina , Temperatura , Resistencia a la Tracción
15.
IUCrJ ; 5(Pt 6): 794-800, 2018 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30443362

RESUMEN

This study investigated the structural and magnetic properties of Mn3-x Fe x Ga alloys (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1) under different heat-treatment conditions. A tetragonal structure was observed in samples that were heat treated at 623 K for three days followed by quenching in ice water. These tetragonal alloys present large coercive fields in the range 0.8-5 kOe and low saturation magnetization, and have great potential for application in spin-transfer torque-based devices. A hexagonal structure was observed in samples subjected to heat treatment at 883 K for three days following quenching in ice water. A moderate decrease in the coercive field has been observed for the hexagonal alloys compared with those with a tetragonal structure. However, the Mn3-x Fe x Ga alloys with a hexagonal structure exhibit other attractive magnetic properties, including collinear and non-collinear magnetic properties, holding high promise for technological applications. A face-centred-cubic (f.c.c.) structure was observed when subjected to annealing at 1073 K for three days followed by quenching in ice water. In contrast to the tetragonal and hexagonal structures, all f.c.c. alloys exhibit antiferromagnetic behaviour. This versatile material can display a wide range of multi-functionalities attributed to its tuneable crystal structure. This investigation will guide the design of multiple structures of these materials in order to utilise the wide functionalities for practical applications.

16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(1): 53-57, 2018 Feb 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29483722

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of different surface treatments on the shear bond strength between zirconia and resin cement. METHODS: Forty zirconia discs were randomly divided into four groups (10 discs in each group) for different surface treatments: control, no surface treatment; sandblast, applied air abrasion with aluminum oxide particles; ultraviolet (UV), the zirconia sample was placed in the UV sterilizer at the bottom of the UV lamp at 10 mm, and irradiated for 48 h; cold plasma, the discs were put in the cold plasma cabinet with the cold plasma generated from the gas of He for 30 s. Specimens of all the groups were surface treated prior to cementation with Panavia F 2.0 cement. The surface morphology and contact angle of water were measured. The shear bond strengths were tested and the failure modes were examined with a stereomicroscope. RESULTS: Surface morphology showed no difference between the UV/cold plasma group and the control group. Sandblasted zirconia displayed an overall heterogeneous distribution of micropores. The contact angle of the control group was 64.1°±2.0°. After sandblasting, UV irradiation and cold plasma exposure, the values significantly decreased to 48.8°±2.6°, 27.1°±3.6° and 32.0°±3.3°. The values of shear bond strength of the specimens with sandblasted (14.82±2.01) MPa were higher than those with no treatment (9.41±1.07) MPa with statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The values of shear bond strength of the specimens with UV irradiation (10.02±0.64) MPa were higher than those with no treatment (9.41±1.07) MPa, but without statistically significant difference (P>0.05). The values of cold plasma group (18.34±3.05) MPa were significantly higher than those of control group (9.41±1.07) MPa, even more than those with sandblast(14.82±2.01) MPa (P<0.05). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed increase in oxygen (O) and decrease in carbon (C) elements after UV and cold plasma treatment. The surface C/O ratio also decreased after UV and cold plasma treatment. CONCLUSION: Zirconia specimens treated with UV and cold plasma could significantly improve the hydrophilicity. The surface morphology was unaffected by the UV irradiation and cold plasma treatments. The improvements of ziconia shear bond strength were slight in UV group without statistically significant difference. Cold plasma treatment significantly improved the shear bond strength between zirconia and resin cement.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Distribución Aleatoria , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie , Circonio
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 21(6): 1290-1295, 2017 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28387899

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Chemokine receptor and its ligand participate in viral immunity and HCV infection, which are important inflammatory mediators. The current study showed the different roles of Th cell secreted chemokines CXCR3, CCR5 and CCR6 in chronic liver inflammation after HCV infection. As one important chemokine receptor, the role of polypeptide property and ligand level in HCV prognosis is still unclear. This study aims to investigate gene polymorphism of chemokine genes and ligand level, and their correlation with patient liver function, to provide evidence for HCV prognosis and chronic transition mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Whole blood samples were collected. Participants were divided into chronic hepatitis, HCV cirrhosis and self-clearance groups. Chemokine level, gene polymorphism of CXCR3 gene at loci rs2280964 and liver index were measured to analyze their correlation with HCV infection or prognosis. RESULTS: Gene polymorphism of CXCR3 at loci rs22809064 is one factor-affecting prognosis of HCV patients. CG genotype at these loci is one independent risk factor affecting chronic HCV infection. IP-10, Mig and I-TAC levels were significantly elevated in chronic hepatitis group or HCV cirrhosis group (p< 0.05 compared to self-clearance group). CONCLUSIONS: Gene polymorphism at rs2280964 locus of chemokine receptor CXCR3 is one possible reason explaining differential processes of chronic transition. CXCR3 ligands IP-10, Mig and I-TAC levels were all significantly elevated in chronic hepatitis and HCV cirrhosis patients, possibly functioning as one clinical index for HCV prognosis.


Asunto(s)
Linfocitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Hepatitis C Crónica/genética , Receptores CXCR3/genética , Adulto , Quimiocina CXCL10/sangre , Quimiocina CXCL11/sangre , Quimiocina CXCL9/sangre , Femenino , Hepatitis C Crónica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Polimorfismo Genético
18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 38(2): 147-153, 2017 Feb 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28231656

RESUMEN

Objective: To study the acute effects of compound ambient air pollution on small airway lung functions among school children in Shanghai. Method: A longitudinal survey on lung functions was conducted among 233 school-children from three schools (A, B and C, located in innerring, mid-ring and outer-ring areas). Lung function test was performed once a week for 3 times respectively, among children in school A and B in Dec. 2013 and in school C in Dec. 2014. The fourth lung function test was tested in Jun. 2014 and May 2015 in the respective schools. Results: from the lung function would include items as: forced mid-expiratory flow at 25% of forced vital capacity (MEF(25%)), mid-expiratory flow at 50% of forced vital capacity (MEF(50%)), mid-expiratory flow at 75% of forced vital capacity (MEF(75%)) and mid-expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of the forced vital capacity (FEF(25%-75%)). Data regarding the daily air quality real-time of PM(2.5), PM(10), SO(2) and NO(2) in Dec. 2013, Dec. 2014, Jun. 2014 and May. 2015 from the three environmental monitoring spots and meteorological data from the Shanghai Meteorological Service system which were physically close to the three schools, were collected simultaneously. Linear mixed effect model was used to examine the levels of correlation between lung function indicators and ambient air pollutants. Results When confounding factors on meteorology and individuals were controlled, the lag effects and accumulated lag effects were found to have existed between the internal quarter rang (IQR) concentration of PM(2.5) and PM(10) in lag2 day and lag02 days, IQR concentration of SO(2) in lag02 day and IQR concentration of NO(2) lag0 day, when small airway lung functions like MEF(25%), MEF(50%), MEF(75%) and FEF(25%-75%)(P<0.05) were inspected. Results from the two air pollutants model analysis showed that SO(2) and NO(2) presenting interactive effects with PM(2.5), PM(10) and lag effects more significant than the individual SO(2) and NO(2), respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion: Contents on the ambient air pollutants as PM(2.5), PM(10), SO(2) and NO(2) were negatively associated with the lung functions in the small airways of children, in Shanghai.


Asunto(s)
Contaminantes Atmosféricos/efectos adversos , Contaminación del Aire/efectos adversos , Pulmón/fisiología , Pruebas de Función Respiratoria , Niño , China , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Femenino , Flujo Espiratorio Forzado , Volumen Espiratorio Forzado , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Pulmón/fisiopatología , Masculino , Enfermedades Respiratorias/etiología , Enfermedades Respiratorias/fisiopatología , Capacidad Vital
19.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 51(9): 538-41, 2016 Sep.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27596343

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To apply the self-developed dentin porcelain color prediction system in the fabrication of porcelain-fused-to-metal-crown(PFMC), and to evaluate its accuracy in color-matching. METHODS: Twenty upper central incisors were recruited according to preset criteria, and three PFMC were made for each tooth using three shade-matching techniques. Group A: PFMC were made according to the result of visual color selection; Group B: an spectrophotometer-based color-matching technique was used; Group C: PFMC were fabricated with dentin porcelain powder calculated by the prediction system according to the L(*), a(*), b(*) value measured by a spectrophotometer. Color differences(ΔE) (measured by spectrophotometer) of three groups of crowns were calculated in the cervical, middle, and incisal regions. The results were analyzed using one-way ANOVA. RESULTS: Mean color differences in body regions were: Group A: 3.53±1.80, Group B: 2.86±1.63, Group C: 3.77±1.40(P>0.05), and those in incisal regions were: Group A: 2.70 ± 1.13, Group B: 2.80 ± 0.90, Group C: 3.04 ± 1.03(P>0.05). In cervical region, Group C had greater color difference than Group B(2.78±1.14)(P<0.05). Group A(3.80±2.02) and Group B, Group A and Group C had similar color difference(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PFMC fabricated using self-developed dentin porcelain color prediction system had similar color matching compared with conventional and instrument-based methods.


Asunto(s)
Dentinogénesis , Color , Percepción de Color , Coronas , Porcelana Dental , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Dentina , Humanos , Incisivo , Coloración de Prótesis , Espectrofotometría
20.
Trop Med Int Health ; 18(12): 1531-8, 2013 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24118535

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate prevalence and risk factors of syphilis infection among female sex workers (FSWs) in Shenzhen, China. METHODS: Observational study among (2009-2012) 1653 FSWs recruited by venue-based sampling using questionnaire-based interviews for socio-demographics, behaviours and syphilis testing results. Logistic regression was used to assess risk factors of syphilis infection. RESULTS: The overall syphilis prevalence was 4.7%, showing a slightly decreasing trend. Factors significantly associated with syphilis infection were inconsistent condom use (OR = 1.87, P = 0.015), illicit drug use (OR = 5.45, P < 0.001) and older age in years (OR = 1.08, P < 0.001). Venues where FSWs were recruited and duration of commercial sex work were not significantly associated with syphilis infection (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Syphilis is still common among FSWs in Shenzhen, China. Current comprehensive prevention programmes (e.g. condom promotion and peer education) should be continued to maintain and increase safe sexual practices and to reduce illicit drug use among FSWs. Expanding point-of-care syphilis screening programmes may be an important strategy for early diagnosis. We recommend timely and effective treatment programmes to be linked to such screening programmes.


Asunto(s)
Trabajadores Sexuales/estadística & datos numéricos , Sífilis/epidemiología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , China/epidemiología , Condones/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/complicaciones , Sífilis/etiología , Adulto Joven
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA