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Microb Ecol ; 84(1): 182-197, 2022 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406445


Keystone species or ecological engineers are vital to the health of an ecosystem; however, often, their low abundance or biomass present challenges for their discovery, identification, visualization and selection. We report the development of fluorescent in situ hybridization of transcript-annealing molecular beacons (FISH-TAMB), a fixation-free protocol that is applicable to archaea and bacteria. The FISH-TAMB method differs from existing FISH methods by the absence of fixatives or surfactants in buffers, the fast hybridization time of as short as 15 min at target cells' growth temperature, and the omission of washing steps. Polyarginine cell-penetrating peptides are employed to deliver molecular beacons (MBs) across prokaryotic cell walls and membranes, fluorescently labeling cells when MBs hybridize to target mRNA sequences. Here, the detailed protocol of the preparation and application of FISH-TAMB is presented. To demonstrate FISH-TAMB's ability to label intracellular mRNA targets, differentiate transcriptional states, detect active and rare taxa, and keep cell viability, labeling experiments were performed that targeted the messenger RNA (mRNA) of methyl-coenzyme M reductase A (mcrA) expressed in (1) Escherichia coli containing a plasmid with a partial mcrA gene of the methanogen Methanosarcina barkeri (E. coli mcrA+); (2) M. barkeri; and (3) an anaerobic methanotrophic (ANME) enrichment from a deep continental borehole. Although FISH-TAMB was initially envisioned for mRNA of any functional gene of interest without a requirement of prior knowledge of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)-based taxonomy, FISH-TAMB has the potential for multiplexing and going beyond mRNA and thus is a versatile addition to the molecular ecologist's toolkit, with potentially widespread application in the field of environmental microbiology.

Metano , Microbiota , Archaea , ADN de Archaea/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Hibridación Fluorescente in Situ/métodos , Metano/metabolismo , Oxidorreductasas/genética , Filogenia , ARN Mensajero/genética , ARN Mensajero/metabolismo , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , ARN Ribosómico 16S/metabolismo
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet ; 181(4): 571-581, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490637


Increased risk of thromboembolism has been recognized in individuals with mosaic overgrowth disorders, Proteus syndrome (PS) and PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS), including Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome and CLOVES syndrome. PS and PROS have distinct, yet overlapping clinical findings and are caused by somatic pathogenic variants in the PI3K/AKT gene signaling pathway. PS is caused by a single somatic activating AKT1 c.49G > A p.E17K variant while PROS can be caused one of multiple variants in PIK3CA. The role of prothrombotic factors, endothelial cell adhesion molecules, and vascular malformations in both PS and PROS have not been previously investigated. A pilot study of prospective clinical and laboratory evaluations with the purposes of identifying potential risk factors for thrombosis was conducted. Doppler ultrasounds and magnetic resonance angiogram/ venography (MRA/MRV) scans identified vascular malformations in PS and PROS that were not appreciated on physical examination. Abnormal D-dimers (0.60-2.0 mcg/ml) occurred in half of individuals, many having vascular malformations, but no thromboses. Soluble vascular endothelial markers, including thrombomodulin, soluble vascular adhesion molecule (sVCAM), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM), E-selectin, and P-selectin were significantly higher in PS and PROS compared to controls. However, no single attribute was identified that explained the risk of thrombosis. Predisposition to thrombosis is likely multifactorial with risk factors including chronic stasis within vascular malformations, stasis from impaired mobility (e.g., following surgery), decreased anticoagulant proteins, and effects of AKT1 and PIK3CA variants on vascular endothelium. Based on our findings, we propose clinical recommendations for surveillance of thrombosis in PS and PROS.

Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasa Clase I/genética , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Trastornos del Crecimiento/genética , Síndrome de Proteo/genética , Trombosis/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proyectos Piloto , Estudios Prospectivos , Adulto Joven
Trop Doct ; 37(4): 256-7, 2007 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17988503


Inversion uterus is an unusual complication of vaginal delivery. Mismanaged third stage of labor is the most commonly identified predisposing risk factor. The condition requires immediate intervention. This retrospective study was conducted in Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, India with the aim to study the clinical profile and outcome of patients admitted with inversion uterus. A total of six cases of inversion uterus were managed during the five year period reviewed. All patients had acute inversion and were managed successfully by manual reposition except one with chronic inversion which required laparotomy. In this case Huntington's technique was used to reposit back uterus. The patients were discharged in satisfactory condition with a mean hospital stay of nine days. Early diagnosis, resuscitation and replacement of inverted uterus are essential components of management of this rare but life threatening situation. Proper management of third stage is recommended.

Complicaciones del Trabajo de Parto/patología , Choque Hemorrágico/patología , Inversión Uterina/patología , Enfermedad Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Enfermedad Crónica , Femenino , Humanos , India , Tercer Periodo del Trabajo de Parto , Laparotomía , Complicaciones del Trabajo de Parto/etiología , Complicaciones del Trabajo de Parto/terapia , Embarazo , Inversión Uterina/etiología , Inversión Uterina/terapia