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1.
Age Ageing ; 52(Suppl 4): iv138-iv148, 2023 10 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37902526

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Older person's ability to contribute covers contributions divided into five subdomains: assisting friends and neighbours, mentoring peers and younger people, caring for family, engaging in the workforce and voluntary activity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of ability to contribute measurements as a domain of functional ability of older persons using Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) methodology for systematic reviews. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO databases, for observational studies published within the last 10 years. The measurement properties of these ability measures were evaluated against the COSMIN taxonomy. Risk-of-bias assessment was performed using the COSMIN Risk of Bias checklist. RESULTS: Of the 32,665 studies identified, we selected 19, of which the main purpose was to develop or validate an instrument or have related items that measure at least one of the subdomains. None of the instruments contained items that were fully related to the five subdomains, 60% (n = 12) were related to voluntary activities and 15% (n = 3) to mentoring peers and younger people. As for psychometric properties, two studies assessed content validity. Factor analysis was used to evaluate structural validity in 10 studies. Internal consistency was evaluated in 63% of the instruments and Cronbach's alpha ranges from 0.63 to 0.92. No study reported predictive validity. A very limited overview of their scope and limitations for their application was observed. CONCLUSIONS: We found no single instrument measuring all subdomains of ability to contribute. We found several instruments containing items that could indirectly measure some of the subdomains of the ability to contribute.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Cotidianas , Lista de Verificación , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Consenso , Psicometría
2.
Subcell Biochem ; 103: 1-12, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37120461

RESUMEN

Research on ageing has developed since Greek times. It had a very slow advance during the Middle Ages and a big increase in the Renaissance. Darwin contributed somehow to the understanding of the ageing process and initiated a cumulus of ageing explications under the name of Evolutionary Theories. Subsequently, science discovered a great number of genes, molecules, and cell processes that intervened in ageing. This led to the beginning of trials in animals to retard or avoid the ageing process. Alongside this, improvements, geriatric clinical investigations (with the evidence-based medicine tools) started to consolidate as a discipline and commenced to show the challenges and deficiencies of actual clinical trials in ageing; the COVID-19 outbreak revealed some of them. The history of clinical research in ageing has already begun and is essential to affront the challenges that the world will face with the increasing ageing population.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Geriatría , Humanos
3.
BMC Geriatr ; 23(1): 45, 2023 01 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698115

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Plenty of evidence shows how social isolation and loneliness are associated with increased risk for numerous diseases and mortality. But findings about their interactive or combined effects on health outcomes and mortality remains inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: Analyze the longitudinal association of loneliness, social isolation and their interactions, with the all-cause mortality among older adults in Mexico. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted. Mexican adults older than 50 years were included. Data from the Mexican Health and Aging Study (MHAS) in the 2015 and 2018 waves were used. The subjects were classified according to their level of loneliness and the presence of social isolation. Multivariate logistic regression analyzes were performed to determine the degree of association between loneliness and social isolation with all-cause mortality at a 3-year follow-up. RESULTS: From the total sample of 11,713 adults aged 50 years or over, 707 (6%) did not survive, 42% presented loneliness, and 53% were classified as socially isolated. After multivariate adjustment only social isolation (OR = 1.30, 95%CI:1.03-1.64) was associated with all-cause mortality, loneliness (Mild: OR = 0.83, 95%CI:0.59-1.16; Severe: OR = 1.03, 95%CI:0.71-1.64), and the interaction between loneliness and social isolation were not associated with all-cause mortality. CONCLUSION: Social isolation, but not loneliness or their interaction, was associated with all-cause mortality in Mexican adults older than 50 years. This finding may help direct possible future interventions that help improve mental health in older adults from a highly collectivistic country.


Asunto(s)
Soledad , Aislamiento Social , Humanos , Anciano , México/epidemiología , Aislamiento Social/psicología , Soledad/psicología , Envejecimiento/psicología , Estudios Retrospectivos
4.
Hemodial Int ; 25(4): E40-E43, 2021 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085396

RESUMEN

Chlorine dioxide has been historically used as a disinfecting agent for drinking water supplies and surfaces. Widespread use as an alternative option for prevention and treatment of COVID-19 has emerged due to a lack of specific treatment. We present the case of a 55-year-old male who developed acute kidney injury and disseminated intravascular coagulation after chlorine dioxide prophylactic ingestion, with regression after therapy with hemodialysis.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda , COVID-19 , Lesión Renal Aguda/inducido químicamente , Lesión Renal Aguda/prevención & control , Compuestos de Cloro , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Óxidos , Diálisis Renal/efectos adversos , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Univ. med ; 60(1)2019. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-995059

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Describir la asociación entre la presencia de alteración cognoscitiva y el consumo de inhibidores de bomba de protones (IBP) en población adulta mayor de Bogotá, Colombia. Métodos: Se analizaron los datos del estudio SABE-Bogotá, que incluyó 2000 personas mayores de 60 años de edad, en una muestra transversal probabilística por conglomerados. La variable de interés fue la alteración en el Mini-Mental State Examination Modificado (MMSE-M), la cual se relacionó con el uso de IBP ajustado por factores como sexo, edad, escolaridad y estado civil. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 71,17±8,05 años, y el 63,4% eran mujeres. El consumo de IBP se encontró en el 20,7% de la población estudiada, con un tiempo de uso promedio en meses de 74,8±93,76. El 12,6% tenía el MMSE-M alterado, siendo mayor la prevalencia en los consumidores de IBP (25,4% vs. 20,02%; p= 0,049). En el análisis multivariado se encontró una asociación de aumento de riesgo ajustado entre el deterioro cognitivo y el uso de IBP por > 24 meses (OR: 1,90; IC: 1,11-3,24; p = 0,018). Conclusiones: Este estudio muestra una asociación de aumento de riesgo significativa entre deterioro cognitivo consumir IBP durante > 24 meses. Se necesitan más estudios que permitan concluir una relación directa de causalidad.


Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the association between the presence of cognitive impairment and the consumption of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) in community-dwelling older adults from Bogotá, Colombia. Materials and methods: The SABE Bogotá study was analyzed. This study included 2000 people over 60 years, in a cross-seccional sample. The variable of interese was the alteration in the modified Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-M). It was related to the use of PPIs. This analysis was adjusted for factors such as sex, age, years of education and marital status. Results: The average age was 71.17 ± 8.05 years, 63.4% were women. The PPIs consumption was found in 20.7%, with an average usage time of 74.8 ± 93.76 months. 12.6% older adults had MMSE-M altered, with a higher prevalence in PPIs consumers (25.4% vs. 20.02%; p: 0.049). In the multivariate analysis, an association of increased risk was found between cognitive deterioration and the use of PPIs for > 24 months (OR: 1.90; IC: 1.11-3.24; p = 0.018). Conclusions: This study shows an association of a significant risk increase between consuming PPIs for > 24 months and having cognitive impairment. More studies are needed to conclude a direct causality relationship.


Asunto(s)
Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Anciano , Inhibidores de la Bomba de Protones/análisis , Disfunción Cognitiva/diagnóstico
6.
BMC Geriatr ; 18(1): 144, 2018 06 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29914394

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Older emergency department patients are more vulnerable than younger patients, yet many risk factors that contribute to the mortality of older patients remain unclear and under investigation. This study endeavored to determine mortality and factors associated with mortality in patients over 60 years of age who were admitted to the emergency departments of two general hospitals in Mexico City. METHODS: This is a hospital cohort study involving adults over 60 years of age admitted to the emergency department and who are beneficiaries of the Mexican Institute of Social Security and residents of Mexico City. All causes of mortality from the time of emergency department admission until a follow-up home visit after discharge were measured. Included risk factors were: socio-demographic, health-care related, mental and physical variables, and in-hospital care-related. Survival functions were estimated using Kaplan-Meier curves. Hazard ratios (HR) were derived from Cox regression models in a multivariate analysis. RESULTS: From the 1406 older adults who participated in this study, 306 (21.8%) did not survive. Independent mortality risk factors found in the last Cox model were age (HR = 1.02, 95% CI, 1.005-1.04; p = 0.01), length of stay in the ED (HR = 1.003, 95% CI = 0.99, 1.04; p = 0.006), geriatric care trained residents model in Hospital A (protective factor) (HR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.46, 0.96; p = 0.031), and the FRAIL scale (HR of 1.34 95% CI, 1.02-1.76; p = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors for mortality in patients treated at Mexican emergency departments are length of stay and variables related to frailty status.


Asunto(s)
Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Hospitalización , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Fragilidad , Estado de Salud , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Modelos de Riesgos Proporcionales , Factores de Riesgo
7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2017: 6069374, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28503570

RESUMEN

Objectives. To construct a frailty index from next-of-kin information of the last year of life of community-dwelling 50 years old or older adults and test its association with health services utilization. Methods. Cross-sectional analysis from next-of-kin data available from the last wave of the Mexican Health and Aging Study (MHAS). Measurements. Along with descriptive statistics, the frailty index (FI) was tested in regression models to assess its association with adverse outcomes previous to death: number of hospitalized days in the previous year and number of visits to a physician in the previous year, in unadjusted and adjusted models. Results. From a total of 2,649 individuals the mean of age was 74.8 (±11.4) and 56.3% (n = 1,183) were women. The mean of the FI was of 0.279 (±SD 0.131, R = 0.0-0.738) and distribution was biased to the right. There was a significant association (p < 0.001) between the FI and number of hospitalized days (ß = 45.7, 95% CI 36.1-55.4, p < 0.001) and for the number of visits to a physician (ß = 25.93, 95% CI 19.27-32.6, p < 0.001) both models adjusted for age and sex. Conclusion. The FI constructed with next-of-kin data showed similar characteristics to similar indexes of older adults. It was independently associated with health care use.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento/patología , Anciano Frágil , Fragilidad/epidemiología , Estado de Salud , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Fragilidad/fisiopatología , Evaluación Geriátrica , Humanos , Vida Independiente , Masculino , Americanos Mexicanos , México , Persona de Mediana Edad
8.
Rev Invest Clin ; 65(6): 467-75, 2013.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24687353

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with cardiac surgery is a common postoperative complication that increases the morbidity and mortality substantially. However, there is limited information of AKI after cardiac surgery in our institution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational, and longitudinal analysis of adult patients that underwent to cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross clamp. Patients with preoperative chronic renal insufficiency that were on dialysis, with AKI detected up to 24 h before the procedure, or that received contrast agents 72 h before surgery were excluded. AKI was defined by the AKIN classification. Patients were followed up to 7 days after surgery or before if discharged from the intensive care unit. We analyzed age, sex, body mass index (BMI), co-morbilities, previous cardiac surgery, left ventricular ejection fraction, New York Heart Association class, type of procedure, cardiopulmonary bypass time, cross clamp time and bleeding. RESULTS: Our analysis included 164 patients submitted to cardiac surgery. In the follow up, 84% did not have AKI, 11% had AKIN 1 and 2 accompanied by increase in serum creatinine and 6% had AKIN 3. Patients with AKI were older, had a higher preoperative creatinine, plasma glucose level, and a lower left ventricular ejection fraction. All together patients with AKIN had a longer hospital stay and a higher mortality (p < 0.001). The preoperative use of insulin was associated with the development of AKI, and there was a higher number of patients with a New York Heart Association class III and IV for heart failure in the more sever forms of AKI (p = 0.01). The logistic regression analysis revealed that patients with a high preoperative blood urea nitrogen (> 20 mg/dL) creatinine level (> 1 mg/dL), uric acid (> 7 mg/dL) and lower albumin (< 4 g/dL) or lower intraoperative hemoglobin (< 8 g/dL) had a higher risk for postoperative AKI. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of AKI in our Institute is of 17%. Patients with AKIN 2 and 3 had a higher mortality and a longer stay in the intensive care unit. The major risk factors for AKI development were identified.


Asunto(s)
Lesión Renal Aguda/epidemiología , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Lesión Renal Aguda/sangre , Lesión Renal Aguda/etiología , Lesión Renal Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Glucemia/análisis , Índice de Masa Corporal , Puente Cardiopulmonar , Creatinina/sangre , Complicaciones de la Diabetes/tratamiento farmacológico , Complicaciones de la Diabetes/epidemiología , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Electivos , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/estadística & datos numéricos , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , México/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/sangre , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/terapia , Estudios Prospectivos , Terapia de Reemplazo Renal/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores de Riesgo , Albúmina Sérica/análisis , Factores Sexuales , Volumen Sistólico
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