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Encephale ; 17(1): 37-42, 1991.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1669033


The clinical efficacy of a treatment with clomipramine (150 mg/day) associated with a daily dose of 50 micrograms of LT3 (CMI + LT3) compared to a treatment with clomipramine (150 mg/day) (CMI + placebo) for a period of 42 days has been examined in a pilot study, randomized in double-blind conditions, including 20 patients with a normal thyroid status, but presenting a major depressive syndrome (DSM III). The minimum including score was 30 on the Montgomery Asberg Scale (MADRS). The patients were considered as remitted when the MADRS-score was < or = 10. After 28 days of treatment, the efficacy of CMI + LT3 was found to be superior to CMI + placebo (p < 0.05). Side effects (CHESS 84) were those generally described for tricyclic antidepressants (constipation, dry mouth, lipothymia, tremor). Patients of the CMI + LT3 group experienced a slight hyperthyroidism. The determination of the plasma levels of CMI and desmethylclomipramine (DCMI) showed the presence of three non-compliant patients, but also that there was no relationship between plasma levels and clinical efficacy of the drug. Significant correlations were found between CMI and DCMI levels on day 14 compared with those of day 28 and 42, respectively. LT3 was without effect on the plasma levels of CMI and DCMI.

Clomipramina/administración & dosificación , Trastorno Depresivo/tratamiento farmacológico , Triyodotironina/administración & dosificación , Adolescente , Adulto , Clomipramina/análogos & derivados , Clomipramina/farmacocinética , Trastorno Depresivo/sangre , Trastorno Depresivo/psicología , Método Doble Ciego , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Inventario de Personalidad , Pruebas de Función de la Tiroides , Hormonas Tiroideas/sangre , Triyodotironina/sangre
Encephale ; 14(5): 359-63, 1988.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-2905642


The authors analyse the relations between tardive dyskinesias and affective disorders on the basis of epidemiological, clinical and biological arguments. They review the principal data in the literature and develop some hypotheses concerning the explanation of these relations.

Antipsicóticos/efectos adversos , Discinesia Inducida por Medicamentos/etiología , Trastornos del Humor/tratamiento farmacológico , Discinesia Inducida por Medicamentos/epidemiología , Humanos , Receptores Dopaminérgicos/metabolismo , Receptores de GABA-A/metabolismo , Receptores de Serotonina/metabolismo
Int Clin Psychopharmacol ; 2(3): 225-37, 1987 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-3320186


In an open, clinical trial comprising a total of 21 depressed in-patients (6 men and 15 women) citalopram was administered in doses of 20-60 mg once daily for a period of at least 3 weeks. Fourteen of the patients were treated for 4 weeks, and 6 of these patients were treated for another 2 weeks. The CPRS subscale for depression (MADRS) and a global evaluation were used for assessment of the therapeutic effect. Twelve patients showed complete or partial response to treatment, and generally onset of therapeutic effect was seen within the first 2 weeks of treatment. Side-effects were generally few and mild, anxiety being the most frequent one. No pathological laboratory values were recorded, and apart from one case of slight and transient bradycardia no changes were observed in the cardiovascular parameters. Determination of plasma levels in 16 of the patients under presumed steady-state conditions showed an inter-individual variation between 28 and 616 nM/l for citalopram and between 32 and 338 nM/l for its monodemethylated metabolite for daily citalopram doses of 30-60 mg. The average ratio citalopram-desmethyl citalopram was 1.70. No correlation was found between clinical response and the plasma levels.

Trastorno Depresivo/tratamiento farmacológico , Propilaminas/uso terapéutico , Adulto , Anciano , Ansiedad/inducido químicamente , Citalopram , Ensayos Clínicos como Asunto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Propilaminas/efectos adversos , Propilaminas/sangre