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3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288493

RESUMEN

Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG-6) addresses poor water quality, inadequate sanitation, and improper hygiene, all of which negatively impact health and disproportionately impact Indigenous Peoples' health. Understanding and responding to local contexts is critical to effectively improve water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH); however, in-depth understanding of local knowledge, practices, and perceptions are often overlooked. As such, this study described the knowledge, practices, and perceptions of WASH held by residents of two Indigenous Shawi communities in the Peruvian Amazon. Quantitative data were collected via a cross-sectional survey and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Qualitative data were collected via interviews, PhotoVoice, focus group discussions, and participatory transect walks, and analyzed using a constant comparative approach to thematic analysis. Emergent themes included characterizing water sources, collection methods, and consumption patterns; knowledge, perceptions, and practices related to WASH; and knowledge and perceptions of health issues related to WASH. This study provides insight into the ongoing challenges related to WASH in Indigenous communities in the Peruvian Amazon and highlights the need to prioritize interventions that will advance WASH-related SDGs.


Asunto(s)
Higiene , Indios Sudamericanos , Objetivos Organizacionales , Saneamiento/estadística & datos numéricos , Desarrollo Sostenible , Abastecimiento de Agua/normas , Agua , Estudios Transversales , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Perú , Calidad del Agua
5.
Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica ; 27(3): 458-65, 2010 Sep.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21152741

RESUMEN

Globalization has been the consequence of an important opening of the economies, achieved through the reduction in the obstacles to commerce, elimination of the capital controls and exchange restrictions. The impact of the Camisea Project in the Peruvian economy has aroused great interest and controversy with respect to the future social and economic national impact, and especially, in the Matsigenka population, located in the 88 and 56 lots, where gas extraction is being done. The area of Camisea gas exploitation offers the challenge of a complex sanitary problem, not only because of the impacts and risks produced by the hidrocarbon exploitation, but also due to a legacy of economical and sanitary precariousness that has accumulated from other times. At the same time, this area offers the opportunity to rethink the public health system according to the indigenous reality. It is necessary to take action in the social determinants of inequity and poverty in order to reach the positive effects the globalization can have in health, ensuring the interests of developing countries and vulnerable populations.


Asunto(s)
Salud Ambiental , Industria Procesadora y de Extracción , Indios Sudamericanos , Internacionalidad , Salud de las Minorías , Humanos , Perú , Política , Pobreza
6.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 27(3): 458-465, jul.-set. 2010. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS, LIPECS, INS-PERU | ID: lil-571082

RESUMEN

La globalización ha sido consecuencia de una importante apertura de las economías, conseguida mediante la reducción de los obstáculos al comercio, y la eliminación de los controles de capital y de las restricciones cambiarias. El impacto del Proyecto Camisea en la economía peruana ha despertado gran interés y polémica con respecto al título impacto social y económico nacional y especialmente, en la población Matsiguenga que se encuentra ubicada en los Lotes 88 y 56 donde se realiza la extracción de gas. La zona de explotación de gas de Camisea, ofrece el desafío de un problema sanitario complejo no solo por los impactos y riesgos producto de la explotación de hidrocarburos, sino también por una herencia de precariedad económica y sanitaria que se ha acumulado de otras épocas. Al mismo tiempo, esta zona ofrece la oportunidad para replantear el sistema de salud pública en función de la realidad indígena. Para que la globalización tenga efectos positivos sobre la salud es necesarios tomar acción en los determinantes sociales de inequidad y pobreza; asegurando los intereses de los países en desarrollo y de las poblaciones vulnerables.


Globalization has been the consequence of an important opening of the economies, achieved through the reduction in the obstacles to commerce, elimination of the capital controls and exchange restrictions. The impact of the Camisea Project in the Peruvian economy has aroused great interest and controversy with respect to the future social and economic national impact, and especially, in the Matsigenka population, located in the 88 and 56 lots, where gas extraction is being done. The area of Camisea gas exploitation offers the challenge of a complex sanitary problem, not only because of the impacts and risks produced by the hidrocarbon exploitation, but also due to a legacy of economical and sanitary precariousness that has accumulated from other times. At the same time, this area offers the opportunity to rethink the public health system according to the indigenous reality. It is necessary to take action in the social determinants of inequity and poverty in order to reach the positive effects the globalization can have in health, ensuring the interests of developing countries and vulnerable populations.


Asunto(s)
Industria del Petróleo y Gas , Grupos de Población , Salud Ambiental , Salud de Poblaciones Indígenas , Perú
7.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg ; 102(7): 712-7, 2008 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18433812

RESUMEN

Protozoal diseases are increasingly recognized as the cause of diarrhoeal outbreaks in both developed and developing countries. Cyclospora cayetanensis has been responsible for several epidemics in the last decade. In March 2005, an outbreak of diarrhoea was identified in recruits at the Ancon Naval Base in Lima, Peru. A case-control study was carried out. The overall diarrhoea attack rate was 53% (45/85). Complete data from 52 recruits were available for the analysis; 37 met the criteria for case and 15 for control. The epidemic curve indicated a point source transmission, with cases occurring over 9 days with a peak on the fifth day. Cyclospora cayetanensis was found in 7/37(18.9%) cases and 1/15 (6.7%) controls via standard microscopic techniques. PCR for C. cayetanensis detected 20/35 (57.1%) cases and 3/15 (20%) controls, demonstrating the improved diagnostic yield of this technique. This is the second report to characterize an outbreak of diarrhoea due to C. cayetanensis in Peru among a local population. The epidemiology and clinical course were similar to other reported outbreaks in developed regions. PCR greatly increased the number of C. cayetanensis cases detected during this outbreak, allowing the correct identification of its aetiology.


Asunto(s)
Ciclosporiasis/diagnóstico , Brotes de Enfermedades , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Ciclosporiasis/epidemiología , Diarrea/parasitología , Heces/parasitología , Humanos , Masculino , Personal Militar , Perú/epidemiología , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
8.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 75(3): 546-8, 2006 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16968939

RESUMEN

Cyclospora cayetanensis is emerging as an important cause of food-borne diarrheal outbreaks, especially in developed regions like the United States and Europe. We describe an outbreak of cyclosporiasis in Peruvian naval recruits that we believe to be the first among a local population in a developing region.


Asunto(s)
Ciclosporiasis/epidemiología , Brotes de Enfermedades , Personal Militar , Humanos , Perú/epidemiología
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