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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e16724, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517811

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Empirical studies indicated that job-related stress is threatening the well-being of Nigerian public workers. The objective of this investigation was to examine the impact of REOHC for improving work-stress management among Staff of Nigeria Police Force in southeast Nigeria. METHOD: This is a pretest-posttest control group design study with follow-up. A total of 63 Nigerian police officers (randomized into one of 2 groups: n = 32 for treatment group, n = 31 for waitlist control group) completed the study. Two self-report questionnaire measuring organizational and operational stressors associated with police general well-being were used as outcome measures. The intervention group received a 12-week REBC manual intervention. The intervention and waitlisted groups were evaluated at 3-time points: Time1, Time2, and Time3. Statistical analyses were achieved using repeated-measures ANOVA. RESULTS: Results showed that there was no significant difference between the REOHC group and waiting-list control group in initial work-related stress management among staff of Nigerian Police Force. REOHC program had a significant effect on work-related stress management among staff of Nigerian Police Force when compared to their counterparts in the waiting-list control group. CONCLUSION: Therefore, REOHC program is a time-effective treatment approach for improving work-stress management among Staff of Nigeria Police Force in southeast Nigeria.


Asunto(s)
Tutoría , Salud Laboral , Estrés Laboral/prevención & control , Policia , Adulto , Manejo de la Enfermedad , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nigeria , Policia/psicología , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16103, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335669

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Evidence showed that reoffending habits are increasing among offenders with violent sexual behaviors. Given the recidivism rates, a psychotherapeutic intervention becomes imperative. This study examined the efficacy of prison-based cognitive behavioral rehabilitation intervention (PCBRI) on violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Nigerian prisons. METHOD: A total of45 participants were the sample size. Compulsive Sexual Behavior Inventory and Hypersexual Behavior Inventory were employed in assessing the participants at 3 points. Using a simple random allocation sequence, 23 participants were exposed to PCBRI programme and 22 participants allocated to control condition. The data obtained were analyzed using repeated measures 2-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: Results indicated a significant effect of the treatment on violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Nigerian prisons exposed to the PCBRI programme when compared to the no-intervention group. Result also showed a significant interaction effect of time and group on sex offenders with violent sexual behaviors. Follow-up tests showed significant decrease in violent sexual behaviors after 6 months for the PCBRI group in comparison to the control group. CONCLUSION: This study concluded that PCBRI approach is a type of psychotherapy that reduces violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Southeast Nigeria.


Asunto(s)
Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual/métodos , Criminales/psicología , Delitos Sexuales , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nigeria , Prisiones , Reincidencia/prevención & control , Reincidencia/psicología , Delitos Sexuales/prevención & control , Delitos Sexuales/psicología , Resultado del Tratamiento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(15): e14935, 2019 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30985642

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a common disorder which refers to a significant and persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations. This study investigated the impacts of cognitive-behavioral intervention on anxiety and depression among undergraduate students enrolled in social science education programs at public universities in the Southeast Nigeria. METHODS: Participants were 55 undergraduate students enrolled in social science education programs at public universities in the Southeast Nigeria. The adequacy of the sample size used was determined using GPower software. Cognitive-behavioral treatment manuals on anxiety and depression were used to deliver the intervention. Data analyses were completed using repeated measures analysis of variance. RESULTS: Results indicated a significant positive impact of cognitive-behavioral intervention on anxiety and depression among social science education students exposed to the cognitive-behavioral intervention when compared to the waitlisted group. Results also showed that there was a significant time × group interaction for anxiety and depression. Follow-up tests showed that significant reduction in anxiety and depression persisted after 3 months for the cognitive-behavioral intervention group in comparison to the waitlisted control group. CONCLUSION: We concluded that cognitive-behavioral intervention was a successful intervention which decreased the symptoms of anxiety and depression in social science education students who participated in the study. Additional studies are recommended to further corroborate the influence of cognitive-behavioral intervention in the reduction of anxiety and depressive symptoms in the Nigerian undergraduate student population.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual , Depresión/terapia , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Ciencias Sociales/educación , Estudiantes/psicología , Cumplimiento y Adherencia al Tratamiento , Resultado del Tratamiento , Universidades , Adulto Joven
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(47): e12910, 2018 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30461604

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This investigation was aimed at determining the efficacy of a rational emotive digital storytelling (REDStory) therapy on knowledge and perception of risk of HIV/AIDS among schoolchildren in Enugu State, Nigeria. METHODS: The researchers adopted a group randomized controlled trial design involving a pretest, posttest, and follow-up design involving a treatment group and a waiting-list control group. Participants were 80 junior secondary schoolchildren attending public and private schools who met the criteria for inclusion in the sample of this study. The REDStory intervention program lasted for 8-week duration of REDStory therapy. The HIV Knowledge Questionnaire and the Perceived Risk of HIV Scale (PRHS) were used for data collection for this study. Repeated measures analysis of variance and t test were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The results revealed that REDStory therapy had a significant effect in increasing knowledge level and perceived risk of HIV among schoolchildren compared to those in waitlisted control group. Lastly, the positive benefits of this study were significantly sustained by the treatment group at the follow-up. CONCLUSION: The current study therefore suggests the use of REDStory therapy in increasing knowledge and perception of risk of HIV/AIDS among schoolchildren in Enugu, Nigeria.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida/prevención & control , Infecciones por VIH/prevención & control , Educación en Salud/métodos , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Conducta de Reducción del Riesgo , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigeria , Percepción , Instituciones Académicas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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