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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(8): 087002, 2020 Aug 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909764

RESUMEN

Recent experiments have shown that proximity with high-temperature superconductors induces unconventional superconducting correlations in graphene. Here, we demonstrate that those correlations propagate hundreds of nanometers, allowing for the unique observation of d-wave Andreev-pair interferences in YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{7}-graphene devices that behave as a Fabry-Perot cavity. The interferences show as a series of pronounced conductance oscillations analogous to those originally predicted by de Gennes-Saint-James for conventional metal-superconductor junctions. The present demonstration is pivotal to the study of exotic directional effects expected for nodal superconductivity in Dirac materials.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 116(13): 136801, 2016 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27081995

RESUMEN

The Kondo effect is the many-body screening of a local spin by a cloud of electrons at very low temperature. It has been proposed as an explanation of the zero-bias anomaly in quantum point contacts where interactions drive a spontaneous charge localization. However, the Kondo origin of this anomaly remains under debate, and additional experimental evidence is necessary. Here we report on the first phase-sensitive measurement of the zero-bias anomaly in quantum point contacts using a scanning gate microscope to create an electronic interferometer. We observe an abrupt shift of the interference fringes by half a period in the bias range of the zero-bias anomaly, a behavior which cannot be reproduced by single-particle models. We instead relate it to the phase shift experienced by electrons scattering off a Kondo system. Our experiment therefore provides new evidence of this many-body effect in quantum point contacts.

3.
Sci Rep ; 5: 12751, 2015 Aug 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26244916

RESUMEN

The recent development in the fabrication of artificial oxide heterostructures opens new avenues in the field of quantum materials by enabling the manipulation of the charge, spin and orbital degrees of freedom. In this context, the discovery of two-dimensional electron gases (2-DEGs) at LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces, which exhibit both superconductivity and strong Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC), represents a major breakthrough. Here, we report on the realisation of a field-effect LaAlO3/SrTiO3 device, whose physical properties, including superconductivity and SOC, can be tuned over a wide range by a top-gate voltage. We derive a phase diagram, which emphasises a field-effect-induced superconductor-to-insulator quantum phase transition. Magneto-transport measurements show that the Rashba coupling constant increases linearly with the interfacial electric field. Our results pave the way for the realisation of mesoscopic devices, where these two properties can be manipulated on a local scale by means of top-gates.

4.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 90(5-1): 052922, 2014 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25493873

RESUMEN

We investigated experimentally the ray-wave correspondence in organic microlasers of various triangular shapes. Triangular billiards are of interest since they are the simplest cases of polygonal billiards and the existence and properties of periodic orbits in triangles are not yet fully understood. The microlasers with symmetric shapes that were investigated exhibited states localized on simple periodic orbits, and their lasing characteristics like spectra and far-field distributions could be well explained by the properties of the periodic orbits. Furthermore, asymmetric triangles that do not feature simple periodic orbits were studied. Their lasing properties were found to be more complicated and could not be explained by periodic orbits.

5.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 9(9): 710-5, 2014 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25129072

RESUMEN

The problem of an ensemble of repulsive particles on a potential-energy landscape is common to many physical systems and has been studied in multiple artificial playgrounds. However, the latter usually involve fixed energy landscapes, thereby impeding in situ investigations of the particles' collective response to controlled changes in the landscape geometry. Here, we experimentally realize a system in which the geometry of the potential-energy landscape can be switched using temperature as the control knob. This realization is based on a high-temperature superconductor in which we engineer a nanoscale spatial modulation of the superconducting condensate. Depending on the temperature, the flux quanta induced by an applied magnetic field see either a geometrically frustrated energy landscape that favours an ice-like flux ordering, or an unfrustrated landscape that yields a periodic flux distribution. This effect is reflected in a dramatic change in the superconductor's magneto-transport. The thermal switching of the energy landscape geometry opens new opportunities for the study of ordering and reorganization in repulsive particle manifolds.

6.
Nat Commun ; 5: 4290, 2014 Jun 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24978440

RESUMEN

Quantum point contacts exhibit mysterious conductance anomalies in addition to well-known conductance plateaus at multiples of 2e(2)/h. These 0.7 and zero-bias anomalies have been intensively studied, but their microscopic origin in terms of many-body effects is still highly debated. Here we use the charged tip of a scanning gate microscope to tune in situ the electrostatic potential of the point contact. While sweeping the tip distance, we observe repetitive splittings of the zero-bias anomaly, correlated with simultaneous appearances of the 0.7 anomaly. We interpret this behaviour in terms of alternating equilibrium and non-equilibrium Kondo screenings of different spin states localized in the channel. These alternating Kondo effects point towards the presence of a Wigner crystal containing several charges with different parities. Indeed, simulations show that the electron density in the channel is low enough to reach one-dimensional Wigner crystallization over a size controlled by the tip position.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 112(2): 026601, 2014 Jan 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24484033

RESUMEN

We show experimental evidence of magnetization switching in a single (Ga,Mn)(As,P) semiconducting ferromagnetic layer, attributed to a strong reduction of the magnetization and the anisotropy due to current injection. The nucleation of magnetization reversal is found to occur even in the absence of a magnetic field and to be both anisotropic and stochastic. Our findings highlight a new mechanism of magnetization manipulation based on spin accumulation in a semiconductor material.

8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 110(18): 187202, 2013 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23683240

RESUMEN

Dynamic dipolar interactions between spin wave eigenmodes of closely spaced nanomagnets determine the collective behavior of magnonic and spintronic metamaterials and devices. However, dynamic dipolar interactions are difficult to quantify since their effects must be disentangled from those of static dipolar interactions and variations in the shape, size, and magnetic properties of the nanomagnets. It is shown that when two imperfect nanoscale magnetic disks with similar but nonidentical modes are brought into close proximity, the effect of the dynamic dipolar interaction can be detected by considering the difference of the phase of precession within the two disks. Measurements show that the interaction is stronger than expected from micromagnetic simulations, highlighting both the need for characterization and control of magnetic properties at the deep nanoscale, and also the potential for improved control of collective magnetic phenomena. Our approach is equally applicable to other physical systems in which dynamic interactions are obscured by inhomogeneous broadening and static interactions.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 108(7): 076604, 2012 Feb 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22401234

RESUMEN

Current-driven domain-wall motion is studied in (Ga,Mn)(As,P) ferromagnetic semiconducting tracks with perpendicular anisotropy. A linear steady state flow regime is observed over a large temperature range of the ferromagnetic phase (0.1T(c)

10.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 24(2): 024220, 2012 Jan 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22172802

RESUMEN

Novel nanofabrication methods and the discovery of an efficient manipulation of local magnetization based on spin polarized currents has generated a tremendous interest in the field of spintronics. The search for materials allowing for fast domain wall dynamics requires fundamental research into the effects involved (Oersted fields, adiabatic and non-adiabatic spin torque, Joule heating) and possibilities for a quantitative comparison. Theoretical descriptions reveal a material and geometry dependence of the non-adiabaticity factor ß, which governs the domain wall velocity. Here, we present two independent approaches for determining ß: (i) measuring the dependence of the dwell times for which a domain wall stays in a metastable pinning state on the injected current and (ii) the current-field equivalence approach. The comparison of the deduced ß values highlights the problems of using one-dimensional models to describe two-dimensional dynamics and allows us to ascertain the reliability, robustness and limits of the approaches used.

11.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 83(3 Pt 2): 036208, 2011 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21517576

RESUMEN

Dielectric resonators are open systems particularly interesting due to their wide range of applications in optics and photonics. In a recent paper [Phys. Rev. E 78, 056202 (2008)] the trace formula for both the smooth and the oscillating parts of the resonance density was proposed and checked for the circular cavity. The present paper deals with numerous shapes which would be integrable (square, rectangle, and ellipse), pseudointegrable (pentagon), and chaotic (stadium), if the cavities were closed (billiard case). A good agreement is found between the theoretical predictions, the numerical simulations, and experiments based on organic microlasers.

12.
Nanotechnology ; 22(7): 075302, 2011 Feb 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21233542

RESUMEN

We used oxygen ion irradiation to transfer the nanoscale pattern of a porous alumina mask into high-T(C) superconducting thin films. This causes a nanoscale spatial modulation of superconductivity and strongly affects the magneto-transport below T(C), which shows a series of periodic oscillations reminiscent of the Little-Parks effect in superconducting wire networks. This irradiation technique could be extended to other oxide materials in order to induce ordered nanoscale phase segregation.

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 101(21): 216601, 2008 Nov 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19113434

RESUMEN

Current induced domain wall (DW) depinning of a narrow DW in out-of-plane magnetized (Pt/Co)_{3}/Pt multilayer elements is studied by magnetotransport. We find that for conventional measurements Joule heating effects conceal the real spin torque efficiency and so we use a measurement scheme at a constant sample temperature to unambiguously extract the spin torque contribution. From the variation of the depinning magnetic field with the current pulse amplitude we directly deduce the large nonadiabaticity factor in this material and we find that its amplitude is consistent with a momentum transfer mechanism.

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