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Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16495, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393353


OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of music therapy with cognitive behavioral therapy on social anxiety in a sample of schooling adolescents in south-east Nigeria. METHODS: We adopted a randomized controlled trial design involving a treatment group and a waiting-list control group. A total of 155 schooling adolescents served as the study sample. The sample size was ascertained using GPower software. A 12-week MTCBP manual for social anxiety was employed to deliver the intervention. Data analyses were completed using repeated measures analysis of variance. RESULTS: We found that social anxiety significantly decreased in the treatment group over time, whereas the waitlist control group showed no significant changes in social anxiety. Therefore, music therapy with cognitive-behavioral therapy was significantly beneficial in decreasing social anxiety symptoms of the treatment group. The follow-up assessment performed after 3 months revealed a significant reduction in social anxiety for the treatment group. CONCLUSION: The study, therefore, suggests that the use of music therapy with cognitive-behavioral therapy is significant in reducing social anxiety among schooling adolescents.

Ansiedad/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual/métodos , Musicoterapia/métodos , Adolescente , Terapia Combinada , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigeria , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Factores Socioeconómicos
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16103, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335669


BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Evidence showed that reoffending habits are increasing among offenders with violent sexual behaviors. Given the recidivism rates, a psychotherapeutic intervention becomes imperative. This study examined the efficacy of prison-based cognitive behavioral rehabilitation intervention (PCBRI) on violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Nigerian prisons. METHOD: A total of45 participants were the sample size. Compulsive Sexual Behavior Inventory and Hypersexual Behavior Inventory were employed in assessing the participants at 3 points. Using a simple random allocation sequence, 23 participants were exposed to PCBRI programme and 22 participants allocated to control condition. The data obtained were analyzed using repeated measures 2-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: Results indicated a significant effect of the treatment on violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Nigerian prisons exposed to the PCBRI programme when compared to the no-intervention group. Result also showed a significant interaction effect of time and group on sex offenders with violent sexual behaviors. Follow-up tests showed significant decrease in violent sexual behaviors after 6 months for the PCBRI group in comparison to the control group. CONCLUSION: This study concluded that PCBRI approach is a type of psychotherapy that reduces violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Southeast Nigeria.

Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual/métodos , Criminales/psicología , Delitos Sexuales , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nigeria , Prisiones , Reincidencia/prevención & control , Reincidencia/psicología , Delitos Sexuales/prevención & control , Delitos Sexuales/psicología , Resultado del Tratamiento