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1.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2023 Jan 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708267

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Detecting new and enlarged lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients is needed to determine their disease activity. LeMan-PV is a software embedded in the scanner reconstruction system of one vendor, which automatically assesses new and enlarged white matter lesions (NELs) in the follow-up of MS patients; however, multicenter validation studies are lacking. PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of LeMan-PV for the longitudinal detection NEL white-matter MS lesions in a multicenter clinical setting. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective, longitudinal. SUBJECTS: A total of 206 patients with a definitive MS diagnosis and at least two follow-up MRI studies from five centers participating in the Swiss Multiple Sclerosis Cohort study. Mean age at first follow-up = 45.2 years (range: 36.9-52.8 years); 70 males. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: Fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and T1-weighted magnetization prepared rapid gradient echo (T1-MPRAGE) sequences at 1.5 T and 3 T. ASSESSMENT: The study included 313 MRI pairs of datasets. Data were analyzed with LeMan-PV and compared with a manual "reference standard" provided by a neuroradiologist. A second rater (neurologist) performed the same analysis in a subset of MRI pairs to evaluate the rating-accuracy. The Sensitivity (Se), Specificity (Sp), Accuracy (Acc), F1-score, lesion-wise False-Positive-Rate (aFPR), and other measures were used to assess LeMan-PV performance for the detection of NEL at 1.5 T and 3 T. The performance was also evaluated in the subgroup of 123 MRI pairs at 3 T. STATISTICAL TESTS: Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cohen's kappa (CK) were used to evaluate the agreement between readers. RESULTS: The interreader agreement was high for detecting new lesions (ICC = 0.97, Pvalue < 10-20 , CK = 0.82, P value = 0) and good (ICC = 0.75, P value < 10-12 , CK = 0.68, P value = 0) for detecting enlarged lesions. Across all centers, scanner field strengths (1.5 T, 3 T), and for NEL, LeMan-PV achieved: Acc = 61%, Se = 65%, Sp = 60%, F1-score = 0.44, aFPR = 1.31. When both follow-ups were acquired at 3 T, LeMan-PV accuracy was higher (Acc = 66%, Se = 66%, Sp = 66%, F1-score = 0.28, aFPR = 3.03). DATA CONCLUSION: In this multicenter study using clinical data settings acquired at 1.5 T and 3 T, and variations in MRI protocols, LeMan-PV showed similar sensitivity in detecting NEL with respect to other recent 3 T multicentric studies based on neural networks. While LeMan-PV performance is not optimal, its main advantage is that it provides automated clinical decision support integrated into the radiological-routine flow. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 4 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.

2.
Foods ; 12(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673467

RESUMEN

The present work evaluates the food packaging performance of previously developed films of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) reinforced with atomized microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) compatibilized by a reactive melt-mixing process. To this end, the novel green composite films were originally applied herein as lids in aluminum trays to preserve two dissimilar types of fatty foods, namely minced pork meat and sunflower oil. Results indicated that the PHBV/MFC films effectively preserved the physicochemical and microbiological quality of pork meat for one week of storage at 5 °C. In particular, the compatibilized green composite lid film yielded the lowest weight loss and highest oxidative stability, showing values of 0.935% and 0.78 malonaldehyde (MDA)/kg. Moreover, none of the packaged meat samples exceeded the acceptable Total Aerobial Count (TAC) level of 5 logs colony-forming units (CFU)/g due to the improved barrier properties of the lids. Furthermore, the green composite films successfully prevented sunflower oil oxidation in accelerated oxidative storage conditions for 21 days. Similarly, the compatibilized PHBV/MFC lid film led to the lowest peroxide value (PV) and conjugated diene and triene contents, with respective values of 19.5 meq O2/kg and 2.50 and 1.44 g/100 mL. Finally, the migration of the newly developed PHBV-based films was assessed using two food simulants, proving to be safe since their overall migration levels were in the 1-3 mg/dm2 range and, thus, below the maximum level established by legislation.

3.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 9(1)2023 Jan 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675909

RESUMEN

Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) represent a severe complication of COVID-19, yet they are under-estimated. We conducted a retrospective analysis including all the COVID-19 patients admitted to the Infectious Diseases Unit of the Federico II University Hospital of Naples until the 1 July 2021. Among 409 patients, we reported seven cases of IFIs by Candida spp., seven of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, three of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, and one of Trichosporon asahii. None of the cases presented underlying predisposing conditions, excluding one oncohematological patient treated with rituximab. Ten cases showed lymphopenia with high rates of CD4+ < 200/µL. All cases received high-dose steroid therapy (mean duration 33 days, mean cumulative dosage 1015 mg of prednisone equivalent), and seven cases had severe COVID-19 disease (OSCI ≥ 5) prior to IFI diagnosis. The cases showed a higher overall duration of hospitalization (63 vs 24 days) and higher mortality rate (23% vs. 7%) compared with the COVID-19 patients who did not developed IFIs. Cases showed a higher prevalence of high-dose steroid therapy and lymphopenia with CD4+ < 200/µL, primarily due to SARS-CoV-2 infection and not related to underlying comorbidities. IFIs strongly impact the overall length of hospitalization and mortality. Therefore, clinicians should maintain a high degree of suspicion of IFIs, especially in severe COVID-19 patients.

4.
Inquiry ; 60: 469580221146841, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36704994

RESUMEN

COVID-19 caused important consequences on public health, economy, physical, and mental health of people. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on frontline workers, comparing them with their colleagues who had no contact with the patients and with the general population, by administering an online questionnaire based on the Distress Questionnaire-5 (DQ5). The study was carried out during the first Italian wave of COVID-19 pandemic from 1st to 30th of April. Participants were divided in 3 groups: group 1 is general population group that includes the general population which are quarantined but not isolated, group health care staff not working in COVID-19 hospitals, and group 3 healthcare staff group working in COVID-19 hospitals. The survey was carried with the Distress Questionnaire-5 (DQ5) as a tool to detect the psychological distress and mental health problems. A total of 2983 people participated in this survey. Seven hundred and twenty four out of 1123 (64%) were employers of the 4 hospitals included in this study. Particularly among the respondents, 2259 (75.7%) were general population, 502 (16.8%) were health care staff not working in COVID-19 hospitals, while 222 (7.4%) were health care staff working in covid-19 hospitals. Health care personnel working in COVID-19 hospitals (DQ-5 = 13, 10-16) had less psychological distress compared with health care staff not working in COVID-19 hospitals (DQ-5 = 14, 11-16) and general population (DQ-5 = 14, 11-17; P = .04). The regression model showed that people aged 26 to 35 (OR: 2.06, 95% CI: 1.21-3.48) and female (OR: 2.35, 95% CI: 1.95-2.83) were significantly at risk to develop a DQ-5 ≥ 11. During the first Italian wave of COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare personnel working in COVID-19 hospitals had less psychological distress compared with health care staff not working in COVID-19 hospitals and general population, probably because they were prepared to face situations like outbreak or emergencies.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Personal de Salud , Distrés Psicológico , Femenino , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/psicología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Hospitales , Pandemias , Grupos de Población , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Dec 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499530

RESUMEN

Lipoxygenases (LOXs) catalyze the insertion of molecular oxygen into polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) such as linoleic and linolenic acids, being the first step in the biosynthesis of a large group of biologically active fatty acid (FA)-derived metabolites collectively named oxylipins. LOXs are involved in multiple functions such as the biosynthesis of jasmonic acid (JA) and volatile molecules related to the aroma and flavor production of plant tissues, among others. Using sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) plants as a model, LOX activity was assayed by non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and specific in-gel activity staining. Thus, we identified a total of seven LOX isozymes (I to VII) distributed among the main plant organs (roots, stems, leaves, and fruits). Furthermore, we studied the FA profile and the LOX isozyme pattern in pepper fruits including a sweet variety (Melchor) and three autochthonous Spanish varieties that have different pungency levels (Piquillo, Padrón, and Alegría riojana). It was observed that the number of LOX isozymes increased as the capsaicin content increased in the fruits. On the other hand, a total of eight CaLOX genes were identified in sweet pepper fruits, and their expression was differentially regulated during ripening and by the treatment with nitric oxide (NO) gas. Finally, a deeper analysis of the LOX IV isoenzyme activity in the presence of nitrosocysteine (CysNO, a NO donor) suggests a regulatory mechanism via S-nitrosation. In summary, our data indicate that the different LOX isozymes are differentially regulated by the capsaicin content, fruit ripening, and NO.


Asunto(s)
Capsicum , Capsicum/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo , Lipooxigenasa/genética , Lipooxigenasa/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Capsaicina/metabolismo , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas
6.
Hum Resour Health ; 20(1): 86, 2022 12 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550511

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Peru has some of the worst outcomes worldwide as a result of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic; it is presumed that this has also affected healthcare workers. This study aimed to establish whether occupation and other non-occupational variables were risk factors for possible reinfection, hospitalization, and mortality from COVID-19 in cohorts of Peruvian healthcare workers infected with SARS-CoV-2. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. Healthcare workers who presented SARS-CoV-2 infection between March 1, 2020, and August 6, 2021, were included. Occupational cohorts were reconstructed from the following sources of information: National Epidemiological Surveillance System, molecular tests (NETLAB), results of serology and antigen tests (SICOVID-19), National Registry of Health Personnel (INFORHUS), and National Information System of Deaths (SINADEF). The incidence of probable reinfection, hospitalization, and death from COVID-19 was obtained in the cohorts of technicians and health assistants, nursing staff, midwives, dentists, doctors, and other healthcare workers. We evaluated whether the occupation and other non-occupational variables were risk factors for probable reinfection, hospitalization, and death from COVID-19 using log-binomial and probit binomial models, obtaining the adjusted relative risk (RRAJ). RESULTS: 90,398 healthcare workers were included in the study. Most cases were seen in technicians and health assistants (38.6%), and nursing staff (25.6%). 8.1% required hospitalization, 1.7% died from COVID-19, and 1.8% had probable reinfection. A similar incidence of probable reinfection was found in the six cohorts (1.7-1.9%). Doctors had a higher incidence of hospitalization (13.2%) and death (2.6%); however, they were also those who presented greater susceptibility linked to non-occupational variables (age and comorbidities). The multivariate analysis found that doctors (RRAJ = 1.720; CI 95: 1.569-1.886) had a higher risk of hospitalization and that the occupation of technician and health assistant was the only one that constituted a risk factor for mortality from COVID-19 (RRAJ = 1.256; 95% CI: 1.043-1.512). CONCLUSIONS: Peruvian technicians and health assistants would have a higher risk of death from COVID-19 than other healthcare workers, while doctors have a higher incidence of death probably linked to the high frequency of non-occupational risk factors. Doctors present a higher risk of hospitalization independent of comorbidities and age; likewise, all occupations show a similar risk of probable reinfection.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiología , Perú/epidemiología , Reinfección , Estudios Retrospectivos , Personal de Salud , Hospitalización
7.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(12)2022 Nov 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36553928

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Peru is the country with the highest mortality rate from COVID-19 globally, so the analysis of the characteristics of deaths is of national and international interest. The aim was to determine the epidemiological characteristics of deaths from COVID-19 in Peru from 28 March to 21 May 2020. METHODS: Deaths from various sources were investigated, including the COVID-19 Epidemiological Surveillance and the National System of Deaths (SINADEF). In all, 3851 deaths that met the definition of a confirmed case and had a positive result of RT-PCR or rapid test IgM/IgG, were considered for the analysis. We obtained the epidemiological variables and carried out an analysis of time defined as the pre-hospital time from the onset of symptoms to hospitalization, and hospital time from the date of hospitalization to death. RESULTS: Deaths were more frequent in males (72.0%), seniors (68.8%) and residents of the region of Lima (42.7%). In 17.8% of cases, the death occurred out-of-hospital, and 31.4% had some comorbidity. The median of pre-hospital time was 7 days (IQR: 4.0-9.0) and for the hospital time was 5 days (IQR: 3.0-9.0). The multivariable analysis with Poisson regression with robust variance found that the age group, comorbidity diagnosis and the region of origin significantly influenced pre-hospital time; while sex, comorbidity diagnosis, healthcare provider and the region of origin significantly influenced hospital time. CONCLUSION: Deaths occurred mainly in males, seniors and on the coast, with considerable out-of-hospital deaths. Pre-hospital time was affected by age group, the diagnosis of comorbidities and the region of origin; while, hospital time was influenced by gender, the diagnosis of comorbidities, healthcare provider and the region of origin.

9.
J Clin Med ; 11(22)2022 Nov 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36431344

RESUMEN

Spinal anesthesia is the best choice for caesarean delivery. This technique is characterized by a complete and predictable nerve block with a fast onset and few complications. Several intrathecal adjuvants are used in order to improve the quality and duration of anesthesia and reduce its side effects. Sixty-two patients who underwent caesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia were included in this medical records review. In this retrospective study, after adopting exclusion criteria, we assessed 24 patients who received Hyperbaric Bupivacaine 0.5% 10 mg and dexmedetomidine 10 µg (G1), and 28 patients who received an institutional standard treatment with Hyperbaric Bupivacaine 0.5% 10 mg and sufentanil 5 µg (G2). We evaluated the difference in terms of motor and sensory block, postoperative pain, and adverse effects during the first 24 h following delivery and neonatal outcome. Our study found that the sufentanil group had a significantly lower requirement for analgesia than the dexmedetomidine group. Postoperative pain, assessed with the VAS scale, was stronger in G1 than in G2 (4 ± 2 vs. 2 ± 1, p-value < 0.01). Differences between the two groups regarding the intraoperative degree of motor and sensory block, motor recovery time, and neonatal Apgar scores were not noticed. Pruritus and shivering were observed only in G2. Itching and shivering did not occur in the dexmedetomidine group. Postoperative analgesia was superior in the sufentanil group, but the incidence of side effects was higher. Adjuvant dexmedetomidine prevented postoperative shivering.

10.
Brain Spine ; 2: 100929, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36248173

RESUMEN

Introduction: Modern technologies are increasingly applied in neurosurgical resident training. To date, no data are available regarding how frequently these are used in the training of neurosurgeons, and what the perceived value of this technology is. Research question: The aim was to benchmark the objective as well as subjective experience with modern- and conventional training technologies. Material and methods: The EANS Young Neurosurgeons Committee designed a 12-item survey. It was distributed to neurosurgical residents and board-certified neurosurgeons between 6th of February and April 13, 2022. Results: We considered 543 survey responses for analysis. Most participants (67%) indicated not having gained any training experience with modern technology. Most (40.7%) indicated lack of any modern or conventional training technology. Cadaver training was available to 27.6% while all modern training technology to <10%. Participants from countries with high gross domestic product per capita had more access to modern training technologies (p â€‹< â€‹0.001). The perceived value of the different technologies was highest for hands-on OR training, followed by cadaver lab. The value of these was rated higher, compared to all modern technologies (p â€‹< â€‹0.001). Discussion and conclusion: Our survey reveals that cadaver labs are used more frequently than modern technologies for today's neurosurgical training. Hands-on training in the operating room (OR) was rated significantly more valuable than any conventional and modern training technology. Our data hence suggest that while modern technologies are well perceived and can surely add to the training of neurosurgeons, it remains critical to ensure sufficient OR exposure.

11.
Brain Behav ; 12(11): e2769, 2022 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36225121

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Synthetic magnetic resonance imaging (SyMRI) is a novel quantitative and qualitative technique that permits the reconstruction of multiple image contrasts and quantitative maps from a single scan, thereby providing quantitative information and reducing scan times. The purpose of this study is to characterize intracranial meningiomas using SyMRI. METHODS: The study included 35 patients with meningiomas (6 males, 29 females; mean age 61 ± 17 years; range 21-90 years). Using 3T MR scanners, SyMRI was performed in addition to conventional FSET2, FLAIR, DWI, T1, and T1 with gadolinium. SyMRI software was used to generate T1, T2, and PD quantitative maps. Osirix MD was used to measure quantitative values of T1, T2, and PD using a ROI. RESULTS: We analyzed 42 meningiomas, 8 of which were associated with edema, and 5 contained calcifications. Mean relaxivity values of meningiomas on synthetic T1, T2, and PD maps at 3T MRI were 1382.6 ± 391.7 ms, 95.6 ± 36.5 ms, and 89.1 ± 9.7 pu, respectively. Signal intensities in terms of T1, T2, and PD did not differ significantly between meningiomas with and without edema (p = .994, p = .356, and p = .221, respectively), nor between meningiomas containing and not containing calcifications (p = .840, p = .710, and p = .455, respectively). Values of T1 and T2 measured in meningiomas and the normal-appearing white matter approximated reference values found in the literature with other quantitative methods. CONCLUSION: The presented method offers a novel approach to characterize meningiomas through their relaxation parameters measured with a SyMRI sequence.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagen , Meningioma/patología , Encéfalo/patología , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos , Medios de Contraste , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Meníngeas/patología
12.
Membranes (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 Oct 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36295734

RESUMEN

Bilayer films of cassava starch-based (with 10% gellan gum) and polylactic (PLA): Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) polyester blend (with 75% PLA) monolayers were obtained by melt-blending and compression-molding, and the subsequent thermocompressing of both monolayers. Ferulic acid (FA) was incorporated into the polyester sheet by spraying and drying. Films were characterized in terms of their microstructure and functional properties throughout two months of storage at 25 °C and 53% relative humidity. The laminates exhibited improved tensile and barrier properties compared to the respective monolayers, which makes them more adequate for food packaging purposes. Surface incorporation of ferulic acid did not significantly modify the barrier and mechanical properties of the films while providing them with antioxidant and antibacterial capacity when applied in aqueous systems, where a complete release of active compounds occurred. The physical properties of the bilayers and layer thermo-sealing were stable throughout storage. Likewise, the antioxidant and antimicrobial active properties were preserved throughout storage. Therefore, these active bilayers represent a sustainable packaging alternative to non-biodegradable, non-recyclable synthetic laminates for food packaging purposes, which could extend the shelf-life of food due to their antioxidant and antibacterial properties.

13.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 874322, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36161003

RESUMEN

Selection together with variation in floral traits can act to mold floral form, often driven by a plant's predominant or most effective pollinators. To investigate the evolution of traits associated with pollination, we developed a phylogenetic framework for evaluating tempo and mode of pollination shifts across the genus Costus L., known for its evolutionary toggle between traits related to bee and bird pollination. Using a target enrichment approach, we obtained 957 loci for 171 accessions to expand the phylogenetic sampling of Neotropical Costus. In addition, we performed whole genome resequencing for a subset of 20 closely related species with contrasting pollination syndromes. For each of these 20 genomes, a high-quality assembled transcriptome was used as reference for consensus calling of candidate loci hypothesized to be associated with pollination-related traits of interest. To test for the role these candidate genes may play in evolutionary shifts in pollinators, signatures of selection were estimated as dN/dS across the identified candidate loci. We obtained a well-resolved phylogeny for Neotropical Costus despite conflict among gene trees that provide evidence of incomplete lineage sorting and/or reticulation. The overall topology and the network of genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) indicate that multiple shifts in pollination strategy have occurred across Costus, while also suggesting the presence of previously undetected signatures of hybridization between distantly related taxa. Traits related to pollination syndromes are strongly correlated and have been gained and lost in concert several times throughout the evolution of the genus. The presence of bract appendages is correlated with two traits associated with defenses against herbivory. Although labellum shape is strongly correlated with overall pollination syndrome, we found no significant impact of labellum shape on diversification rates. Evidence suggests an interplay of pollination success with other selective pressures shaping the evolution of the Costus inflorescence. Although most of the loci used for phylogenetic inference appear to be under purifying selection, many candidate genes associated with functional traits show evidence of being under positive selection. Together these results indicate an interplay of phylogenetic history with adaptive evolution leading to the diversification of pollination-associated traits in Neotropical Costus.

14.
Prev Med Rep ; 29: 101979, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36161117

RESUMEN

Prediabetes impacts 88 million U.S. adults, yet uptake of evidence-based treatment with intensive lifestyle interventions and metformin remains exceedingly low. After incorporating feedback from 15 primary care providers collected during semi-structured interviews, we developed a novel Prediabetes Clinical Decision Support (PreDM CDS) from August 2019 to February 2020. This tool included order options enabling prediabetes management in a single location within the electronic health record. We conducted a retrospective observational study examining the feasibility of implementing this tool at Erie Family Health Centers, a large community health center, examining its use and related outcomes among patients for whom it was used vs not. Overall, 7,424 eligible patients were seen during the implementation period (February 2020 to August 2021), and the PreDM CDS was used for 108 (1.5 %). Using the PreDM CDS was associated with higher rates of hemoglobin A1c orders (70.4 % vs 22.2 %; p < 0.001), lifestyle counseling (38.0 % vs 7.8 %; p < 0.001), and metformin prescription orders (5.6 % vs 2.6 %; p = 0.06). Exploratory analyses revealed small, nonsignificant weight loss among patients for whom the PreDM CDS was used. This study demonstrates the feasibility of developing and implementing the PreDM CDS in primary care. Its low use was likely related to not imposing an interruptive 'pop-up' alert, as well as major changes in workflows and clinical priorities during the Covid-19 pandemic. Use of the tool was associated with improved process outcomes. Future efforts with the PreDM CDS should follow standard CDS implementation processes that were not possible due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

15.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 22(12): e1059-e1066, 2022 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117041

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Prognosis of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), particularly the group with lower-risk disease (LR-MDS) is very heterogeneous. Several studies have described the prognostic value of recurrent somatic mutations in MDS including all risk categories. Recently, the incorporation of genomic data to clinical parameters defined the new Molecular International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-M). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the impact of molecular profile in a series of 181 patients with LR-MDS and non-proliferative chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. RESULTS: Epigenetic regulators (TET2, ASXL1) and splicing (SF3B1) were the most recurrent mutated pathways. In univariate analysis, RUNX1 or TP53 mutations correlated with lower median overall survival (OS). In contrast, SF3B1 mutation was associated with prolonged median OS [95 months (95% IC, 32-157) vs. 33 months (95% CI, 19-46) in unmutated patients (P < 0.01)]. In a multivariate Cox regression model, RUNX1 mutations independently associated with shorter OS, while SF3B1 mutation retained its favorable impact on outcome (HR: 0.24, 95% CI, 0.1-0.5; P = 0.001). In addition, TP53 or RUNX1 mutations were identified as predictive covariates for the probability of leukemic progression (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Incorporation of molecular testing in LR-MDS identified a subset of patients with expected poorer outcome, either due to lower survival or probability of leukemic progression.


Asunto(s)
Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crónica , Síndromes Mielodisplásicos , Humanos , Subunidad alfa 2 del Factor de Unión al Sitio Principal/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicos/genética , Mutación , Pronóstico , Proteína p53 Supresora de Tumor/genética , Factores de Empalme de ARN/genética , Fosfoproteínas/genética
16.
J Neurosurg Case Lessons ; 3(10)2022 Mar 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130534

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Focal cortical dysplasias (FCD) represent highly intrinsically epileptogenic lesions that require complete resection for seizure control. Resection of pure motor strip FCD can be challenging. Effective control of postoperative seizures is crucial and extending the boundaries of resection in an eloquent zone remains controversial. OBSERVATIONS: The authors report a 52-year-old right-handed male with refractory epilepsy. The seizure phenotype was a focal crisis with preserved awareness and a clonic motor onset of right-hemibody. Epilepsy surgery protocol demonstrated a left pure motor strip FCD and a full-awake resective procedure with motor brain mapping was performed. Further resection of surgical boundaries monitoring function along intraoperative motor tasks with no direct electrical stimulation corroborated by intraoperative-neuromonitorization was completed as the final part of the surgery. In the follow-up period of 3-years, the patient has an Engel-IB seizure-control with mild distal lower limb palsy and no gate compromise. LESSONS: This report represents one of the few cases with pure motor strip FCD resection. In a scenario similar to this case, the authors consider that this variation can be useful to improve seizure control and the quality of life of these patients by extending the resection of a more extensive epileptogenic zone minimizing functional damage.

17.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1096, 2022 Aug 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36038878

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Many healthcare systems have been unable to deal with Covid-19 without influencing non-Covid-19 patients with pre-existing conditions, risking a paralysis in the medium term. This study explores the effects of organizational flexibility on hospital efficiency in terms of the capacity to deliver healthcare services for both Covid-19 and non-Covid-19 patients. METHOD: Focusing on Italian health system, a two-step strategy is adopted. First, Data Envelope Analysis is used to assess the capacity of hospitals to address the needs of Covid-19 and non-Covid-19 patients relying on internal resource flexibility. Second, two panel regressions are performed to assess external organizational flexibility, with the involvement in demand management of external operators in the health-care service, examining the impact on efficiency in hospital capacity management. RESULTS: The overall response of the hospitals in the study was not fully effective in balancing the needs of the two categories of patients (the efficiency score is 0.87 and 0.58, respectively, for Covid-19 and non-Covid-19 patients), though responses improved over time. Furthermore, among the measures providing complementary services in the community, home hospitalization and territorial medicine were found to be positively associated with hospital efficiency (0.1290, p < 0.05 and 0.2985, p < 0.01, respectively, for non-Covid-19 and Covid-19 patients; 0.0026, p < 0.05 and 0.0069, p < 0.01, respectively, for non-Covid-19 and Covid-19). In contrast, hospital networks are negatively related to efficiency in Covid-19 patients (-0.1037, p < 0.05), while the relationship is not significant in non-Covid-19 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Managing the needs of Covid-19 patients while also caring for other patients requires a response from the entire healthcare system. Our findings could have two important implications for effectively managing health-care demand during and after the Covid-19 pandemic. First, as a result of a naturally progressive learning process, the resource balance between Covid-19 and non-Covid-19 patients improves over time. Second, it appears that demand management to control the flow of patients necessitates targeted interventions that combine agile structures with decentralization. Finally, untested integration models risk slowing down the response, giving rise to significant costs without producing effective results.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiología , Atención a la Salud , Hospitalización , Hospitales , Humanos , Pandemias
18.
Biomater Adv ; 139: 212967, 2022 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35882126

RESUMEN

Dermal wound healing relies on the properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Thus, hydrogels that replicate skin ECM have reached clinical application. After a dermal injury, a transient, biodegradable fibrin clot is instrumental in wound healing. Human plasma, and its main constituent, fibrin would make a suitable biomaterial for improving wound healing and processed as hydrogels albeit with limited mechanical strength. To overcome this, plasma-agarose (PA) composite hydrogels have been developed and used to prepare diverse bioengineered tissues. To date, little is known about the influence of variable agarose concentrations on the viscoelastic properties of PA hydrogels and their correlation to cell biology. This study reports the characterization of the viscoelastic properties of different concentrations of agarose in PA hydrogels: 0 %, 0.5 %, 1 %, 1.5 %, and 2 % (w/v), and their influence on the cell number and mitochondrial activity of human dermal fibroblasts. Results show that agarose addition increased the stiffness, relaxation time constants 1 (τ1) and 2 (τ2), and fiber diameter, whereas the porosity decreased. Changes in cell metabolism occurred at the early stages of culturing and correlated to the displacement of fast (τ1) and intermediate (τ2) Maxwell elements. Fibroblasts seeded in low PA concentrations spread faster during 14 d than cells cultured in higher agarose concentrations. Collectively, these results confirm that PA viscoelasticity and hydrogel architecture strongly influenced cell behavior. Therefore, viscoelasticity is a key parameter in the design of PA-based implants.


Asunto(s)
Hidrogeles , Ingeniería de Tejidos , Fibrina , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrogeles/farmacología , Sefarosa , Ingeniería de Tejidos/métodos
19.
J Neurol ; 269(11): 5934-5939, 2022 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35796763

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is a prominent biomarker of epilepsy. If acquired later in life, it usually occurs in the context of degenerative or acute inflammatory-infectious disease. Conversely, acute symptomatic seizures (ASS) are considered a risk factor for developing post-stroke epilepsy, but other factors remain unrecognized. Here, we hypothesize that silent hippocampal injury contributes to the development of post-stroke epilepsy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study of patients hospitalized between 1/2007 and 12/2018 with an acute stroke in the Stroke Center of the Geneva University Hospital. Patients were included if they had a documented normal hippocampal complex at onset and a control MRI at ≥ 2 year interval without new lesion in the meantime. RESULTS: 162 patients fulfilled our inclusion criteria. ASS during the first week (p < 0.0001) and epileptiform abnormalities in electroencephalography (EEG; p = 0.02) were more frequently associated with the development of epilepsy. Hemorrhagic stroke was strongly associated to both ASS and future focal epilepsy (p = 0.00097). Three patients (1.8%) developed hippocampal sclerosis ipsilateral to the cerebrovascular event between 2 and 5 years, all with ASS and hemorrhagic stroke. INTERPRETATION: ASS and epileptiform EEG abnormalities are strong predictors of post-stroke epilepsy. HS develops in a minority of patients after hemorrhagic lesions, leading to focal epilepsy. Prospective studies are required, including follow-up with EEG and if characterized by epileptiform discharges, with MRI, to determine the true frequency of HS and to better understand predictors of post-stroke epilepsy (AAS, stroke type, and HS), and their impact on stroke recovery.


Asunto(s)
Epilepsias Parciales , Epilepsia del Lóbulo Temporal , Epilepsia , Accidente Cerebrovascular Hemorrágico , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Animales , Electroencefalografía , Epilepsias Parciales/patología , Epilepsia/complicaciones , Epilepsia del Lóbulo Temporal/patología , Equidae , Hipocampo/diagnóstico por imagen , Hipocampo/patología , Humanos , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas/complicaciones , Esclerosis/patología , Convulsiones/diagnóstico por imagen , Convulsiones/etiología , Accidente Cerebrovascular/complicaciones , Accidente Cerebrovascular/diagnóstico por imagen , Accidente Cerebrovascular/patología
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