Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 27
Filtrar
1.
Int Braz J Urol ; 50(2): 192-198, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386789

RESUMEN

PURPOUSE: One of the many artificial intelligence based tools that has gained popularity is the Chat-Generative Pre-Trained Transformer (ChatGPT). Due to its popularity, incorrect information provided by ChatGPT will have an impact on patient misinformation. Furthermore, it may cause misconduct as ChatGPT can mislead physicians on the decision-making pathway. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of ChatGPT answers regarding urological diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ChatGPT 3.5 version was used. The questions asked for the program involved Primary Megaureter (pMU), Enuresis and Vesicoureteral Reflux (VUR). There were three queries for each topic. The queries were inserted twice, and both responses were recorded to examine the reproducibility of ChatGPT's answers. Afterwards, both answers were combined. Finally, those rwere evaluated qualitatively by a board of three specialists. A descriptive analysis was performed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: ChatGPT simulated general knowledge on the researched topics. Regarding Enuresis, the provided definition was partially correct, as the generic response allowed for misinterpretation. For VUR, the response was considered appropriate. For pMU it was partially correct, lacking essential aspects of its definition such as the diameter of the dilatation of the ureter. Unnecessary exams were suggested, for Enuresis and pMU. Regarding the treatment of the conditions mentioned, it specified treatments for Enuresis that are ineffective, such as bladder training. Therefore, ChatGPT responses present a combination of accurate information, but also incomplete, ambiguous and, occasionally, misleading details.


Asunto(s)
Enuresis Nocturna , Médicos , Urología , Humanos , Inteligencia Artificial , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 49(6): 688-699, Nov.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550281

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Purpose: Parasacral Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) is one of the treatments for children with Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction (BBD). Some studies showed that children with increased Rectal Diameter (RD) have more Functional Constipation (FC). However, RD prediction in maintenance of BBD after treatment was never evaluated. Our aim is to evaluate the association between RD and response to treatment in children and adolescents with BBD. Materials and Methods: This study evaluated patients from 5-17 years old with BBD. Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System (DVSS), Rome IV criteria, and the Constipation Score were used. RD was measured using abdominal ultrasound before treatment according to the technique established by Klijn et al. and was considered enlarged when >3cm. No laxatives were used during treatment. Descriptive analysis and binary regression were performed and the area under the ROC curve was calculated. Results: Forty children were included (mean age 8.4±2.8 years, 52.5% male). Before treatment, RD was enlarged in 15 children (37.5%) (mean diameter 3.84±0.6cm), with FC persisting post-treatment in 11/15(73.3%). Those patients also required more laxatives following treatment and had more severe FC. Binary regression showed pretreatment RD to be an independent predictor of the persistence of FC post-treatment (OR=9.56; 95%CI:2.05-44.60). In ROC curve analysis, the sensitivity was 100% (95%CI: 0.49-1.0) and specificity 77.14% (95%CI:0.60-0.90) for rectal diameter >3 cm. The likelihood ratio was 4.38 (95%CI:2.40-8.0) for the persistence of BBD following treatment. Conclusion: RD appears to be relevant in the evaluation of children with BBD, not only as a diagnostic tool but also as a predictor of treatment outcome.

3.
Int Braz J Urol ; 49(6): 688-699, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37903006

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Parasacral Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) is one of the treatments for children with Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction (BBD). Some studies showed that children with increased Rectal Diameter (RD) have more Functional Constipation (FC). However, RD prediction in maintenance of BBD after treatment was never evaluated. Our aim is to evaluate the association between RD and response to treatment in children and adolescents with BBD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study evaluated patients from 5-17 years old with BBD. Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System (DVSS), Rome IV criteria, and the Constipation Score were used. RD was measured using abdominal ultrasound before treatment according to the technique established by Klijn et al. and was considered enlarged when >3cm. No laxatives were used during treatment. Descriptive analysis and binary regression were performed and the area under the ROC curve was calculated. RESULTS: Forty children were included (mean age 8.4±2.8 years, 52.5% male). Before treatment, RD was enlarged in 15 children (37.5%) (mean diameter 3.84±0.6cm), with FC persisting post-treatment in 11/15(73.3%). Those patients also required more laxatives following treatment and had more severe FC. Binary regression showed pretreatment RD to be an independent predictor of the persistence of FC post-treatment (OR=9.56; 95%CI:2.05-44.60). In ROC curve analysis, the sensitivity was 100% (95%CI: 0.49-1.0) and specificity 77.14% (95%CI:0.60-0.90) for rectal diameter >3 cm. The likelihood ratio was 4.38 (95%CI:2.40-8.0) for the persistence of BBD following treatment. CONCLUSION: RD appears to be relevant in the evaluation of children with BBD, not only as a diagnostic tool but also as a predictor of treatment outcome.


Asunto(s)
Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Enfermedades de la Vejiga Urinaria , Humanos , Niño , Masculino , Adolescente , Preescolar , Femenino , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio/métodos , Vejiga Urinaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Estreñimiento/terapia , Estreñimiento/diagnóstico , Resultado del Tratamiento
4.
J Pediatr Urol ; 2023 Dec 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38195295

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Rome IV criteria are used to characterize constipation and its subtypes, but not its severity. Conversely, the constipation scoring system (CSS) is a tool designed to assess the level of constipation severity and assist clinicians in selecting suitable therapeutic strategies. Although validated for adults, this score has yet to be validated for children. OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate the CSS for the pediatric population. METHODS: Children and adolescents of 4-17 years of age with no morphological or neurological abnormalities of the gastrointestinal system were randomly selected during general consultation with a pediatrician and evaluated between November 2021 to April 2022. The Rome IV criteria were considered the gold-standard detection method. The adapted version was initially assessed on 30 children to assess comprehension and then administered to another 100 children. The internal consistency of the adapted questionnaire was assessed in a test-retest procedure with a two-week interval. RESULTS: One hundred patients with a mean age of 8.61 ± 3.25 years were assessed. Of these, 51 (51 %) were male. Most children (n = 91) received a score of 1-10 (the total CSS score can range from 0 to 30 points). The correlation between the pediatric version of the CSS and the Rome IV criteria was substantial, as shown by a positive Spearman correlation (r2) of 0.553 (p < 0.001). Cronbach's alpha between the test-retest responses was 0.97. When each item of the questionnaire was assessed individually, a greater level of internal consistency was found, indicating adequate internal reliability. DISCUSSION: The current study broadens the horizon with the emergence of new diagnostic aid for FC in Brazilian children and adolescents. In addition, this study provides the cornerstone for future research to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the CSS and its prognostic value for monitoring the treatment. The loss of a follow-up rate (26 %) during the telephone "test-retest" phase was a limitation. Using a subjective questionnaire such as the Rome IV criteria as the gold standard method may also represent a limitation. Further research is required on the use of objective diagnostic tools for FC including colonic transit time, anal manometry, cine-defecography, and electromyography. CONCLUSION: The CSS was successfully adapted for use with the pediatric population and was well accepted, confirming its language and psychometric validity in aiding the diagnosis of functional constipation. This was the first step towards validating the use of this score in other countries and cultures to assess the severity of constipation in children.

5.
J Pediatr Urol ; 18(6): 739.e1-739.e6, 2022 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336620

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (parasacral TENS) on quality of life (QoL) and psychological aspects in children treated for overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: This international, multicenter, prospective cohort study involved individuals of 6-16 years of age under TENS treatment for OAB. The study was conducted between June 2016 and December 2019 in four participating centers: two in Australia, one in Germany and one in Brazil. Patients with anatomical and/or neurological abnormalities of the urinary tract were excluded. Questionnaires were applied before and after parasacral TENS treatment: the Dysfunctional Voiding Symptom Score (DVSS), used in Brazil, or the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Pediatric Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (ICIQ-CLUTS), used in Germany and Australia, to analyze urinary symptoms; the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to assess emotional and behavioral aspects; and the Pediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PinQ) for bladder-specific Qol. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (28 girls and 25 boys) with a mean age of 8.64 ± 2.63 years were included. Median DVSS was 11 (range 6-13.5) and 3 (range 0-7), (p < 0.001), and median ICIQ-CLUTS was 12 (range 9-14) and 9 (range 5.7-12), (p < 0.001), before and after treatment, respectively. Median PinQ score decreased from 47.8 (range 38.9-59.7) to 39 (range 29-53.15) following treatment (p = 0.04). Median total SDQ score before and after treatment was 17 (range 13.5-21) and 15 (range 12-21), respectively (p = 0.939). CONCLUSION: Parasacral TENS was associated with a significant improvement in urinary symptoms and QoL; however, there was no change in psychological symptoms, as measured using the SDQ.


Asunto(s)
Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Incontinencia Urinaria , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Humanos , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/terapia , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/diagnóstico , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida , Resultado del Tratamiento , Incontinencia Urinaria/terapia , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/terapia
6.
J Pediatr Urol ; 18(6): 740.e1-740.e8, 2022 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123285

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Electrical nerve stimulation is one of the most commonly used and well-tolerated treatments for overactive bladder (OAB); however, different studies have used different instruments to assess patients' response to treatment. OBJECTIVE: To analyze agreement between use of the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System (DVSS) for assessing improvement in urinary symptoms following electrical nerve stimulation treatment in children and adolescents with OAB. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional analytical study including children and adolescents of 4-17 years of age diagnosed with OAB who underwent 20 sessions of transcutaneous (TENS) or percutaneous (PENS) electrical nerve stimulation. The DVSS and the VAS were used to assess daytime urinary symptoms before and following treatment. While the DVSS was always applied by a physician, the VAS was applied separately by a physiotherapist and then by a physician. Treatment was considered successful when the DVSS score was zero and the VAS score was ≥90%. Correlations between post-treatment VAS and DVSS scores were evaluated using the kappa coefficient. The VAS scores evaluated by the different professionals were compared for agreement using intraclass correlation and the Bland-Altman plot. RESULTS: Data from 49 cases were available for analysis. Of these, 27 (55.1%) were girls. Mean age was 7.1 ± 2.6 years. There was agreement between the two instruments used, the DVSS and the VAS, in 36/49 patients (73.5%), with a moderate Kappa of 0.44. There was moderate agreement between the VAS scores applied by the two different professionals. DISCUSSION: imitations of the present study include the small sample size and the fact that the inter-observer evaluation was conducted following a single sequence, i.e. all the patients were first evaluated by the physiotherapist and then by the physician, which may have biased answers and the post-treatment VAS scores. Furthermore, although the child participated actively in completing the questionnaires, in cases of divergent answers, the questions were redirected to the responsible adult, and the final answer may not fully represent the patient's true situation. CONCLUSION: The present study found moderate agreement between the DVSS and the VAS, and moderate agreement between VAS scores when the instrument was applied by two different professionals. Although both tools appear to be important, and possibly complementary, a DVSS score of zero precludes the need to apply the VAS.


Asunto(s)
Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Escala Visual Analógica , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Transversales , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Resultado del Tratamiento , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/diagnóstico , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/fisiopatología , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/terapia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(4): 787-793, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286772

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study compares the results achieved following parasacral TENS administered using two different weekly schedules. Materials and Methods: Children of at least four years of age with a diagnosis of pure overactive bladder were included in this randomized clinical trial and treated with parasacral TENS (2 versus 3 sessions per week). All the participants also underwent standard urotherapy. Results: Sixteen children were included in the twice-weekly group and eighteen in the three times weekly group. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups with respect to sex; however, there was a difference in age. There were no significant differences regarding complete resolution of urinary symptoms, with 8 children (50%) in the twice-weekly group and 11 children (61%) in the three times weekly group having their symptoms completely resolved (p=0.73). There was a significant difference in the DVSS score in both groups following TENS treatment compared to baseline (p=0.0001 for both groups), but not between groups. Evaluation of the bladder diary showed no difference between the groups before or after treatment. Conclusion: For children with overactive bladder who are unable to undergo parasacral TENS treatment three times weekly, the method can be administered successfully at twice-weekly sessions.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Niño , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/terapia , Proyectos de Investigación , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
9.
J Pediatr Urol ; 17(4): 472.e1-472.e5, 2021 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229976

RESUMEN

AIM: To analyze uroflowmetry as a predictor of the outcome of treatment with parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) in patients with pure overactive bladder. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients of 5-16 years of age were included in this prospective cohort study. All the patients had been seen at a referral clinic between 2006 and 2015. All had a diagnosis of pure overactive bladder and were treated with TENS. Parameters established at pretreatment uroflowmetry were evaluated, with patients then being separated into two groups based on their visual analogue scale (VAS) score immediately following TENS. The variables analyzed at uroflowmetry were: maximum flow rate, curve pattern (bell or tower-shaped), time until maximum flow and voided volume. RESULTS: The mean age of the children evaluated was 7.26 years (SD: 2.62) (95%CI: 6.4-8.13) and 73.7% were girls. No association was found between maximum flow rate, curve pattern (bell or tower-shaped) or voided volume and the complete resolution of symptoms following treatment. Nevertheless, a shorter time until maximum flow was associated with a greater likelihood of treatment failure. CONCLUSION: The time until maximum flow rate before treatment is a potential predictor of the outcome of TENS treatment.


Asunto(s)
Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/diagnóstico , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/terapia , Micción
11.
Int Braz J Urol ; 47(4): 787-793, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848070

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study compares the results achieved following parasacral TENS administered using two different weekly schedules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children of at least four years of age with a diagnosis of pure overactive bladder were included in this randomized clinical trial and treated with parasacral TENS (2 versus 3 sessions per week). All the participants also underwent standard urotherapy. RESULTS: Sixteen children were included in the twice-weekly group and eighteen in the three times weekly group. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups with respect to sex; however, there was a difference in age. There were no significant differences regarding complete resolution of urinary symptoms, with 8 children (50%) in the twice-weekly group and 11 children (61%) in the three times weekly group having their symptoms completely resolved (p=0.73). There was a significant difference in the DVSS score in both groups following TENS treatment compared to baseline (p=0.0001 for both groups), but not between groups. Evaluation of the bladder diary showed no difference between the groups before or after treatment. CONCLUSION: For children with overactive bladder who are unable to undergo parasacral TENS treatment three times weekly, the method can be administered successfully at twice-weekly sessions.


Asunto(s)
Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva , Niño , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Proyectos de Investigación , Resultado del Tratamiento , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/terapia
12.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 126-130, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131650

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Recently it was shown an association between lower urinary tract symptoms in mothers and their children. However, the role of functional constipation in this binomial is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bladder and bowel dysfunction between mothers and children. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study. Mothers and their children responded a self-administrated questionnaire composed by Rome IV criteria, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Overactive Bladder, Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System and demographic questions. RESULTS: A total of 441 mother-child pairs was obtained. Children's mean age was 9.1±2.7 years, with 249 (56.5%) female. Mothers' mean age was 35.7±6.1 years. Isolated constipation was present at 35 (7.9%) children and 74 (16.8%) mothers. Isolated lower urinary tract symptoms were present in 139 (31.5%) children and 92 (20.9%) mothers and bladder bowel dysfunction occurred in 51 (11.6%) children and 78 (17.7%) mothers. There wasn't any association between isolated lower urinary tract symptoms in children and isolated lower urinary tract symptoms in mothers (P=0.31). In univariate analysis there were an association between bladder bowel dysfunction in children and bladder bowel dysfunction in mothers (OR=4.8 IC 95% 2.6-9.6, P<0.001) and isolated constipation in children and isolated constipation in mothers (OR=3.0 IC 95% 1.4-6.4, P=0.003). In multivariate analysis mothers with bladder bowel dysfunction was the only independent factor associated with bladder bowel dysfunction in children (OR=5.4 IC 95% 2.5-11.6, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Mothers with bladder bowel dysfunction are more likely to have a child with bladder bowel dysfunction. Association between these two dysfunctions plays an important role in this familiar presentation.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Recentemente foi demonstrada associação entre sintomas do trato urinário inferior entre mães e filhos. No entanto, o papel da constipação funcional neste binômio não é claro. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a disfunção vésico-intestinal entre mães e filhos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de base populacional. As mães e os filhos responderam a um questionário de autorresposta, composto pelos critérios de Roma IV, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Overactive Bladder, Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System e perguntas sociodemográficas. RESULTADOS: Foram estudados 441 pares mãe-filho. A idade média dos filhos foi de 9,1±2,7 anos, sendo 249 (56,5%) do sexo feminino. A idade média das mães foi de 35,7±6,1 anos. A constipação sem sintomas do trato urinário inferior estava presente em 35 (7,9%) crianças e 74 (16,8%) mães. Sintomas do trato urinário inferior isolados estavam presentes em 139 (31,5%) crianças e 92 (20,9%) mães e a disfunção vésico-intestinal ocorreu em 51 (11,6%) crianças e 78 (17,7%) mães. Não houve associação entre sintomas isolados do trato urinário inferior em crianças e sintomas isolados do trato urinário inferior em mães (P=0,31). Na análise univariada, houve associação entre disfunção vésico-intestinal em crianças e disfunção vésico-intestinal em mães (OR=4,8 IC 95% 2,6-9,6; P<0,001) e constipação isolada em crianças e constipação isolada em mães (OR=3,0 IC 95 % 1,4-6,4; P=0,003). Na análise multivariada, mães com disfunção vésico-intestinal foi o único fator de associação independente para disfunção vésico-intestinal em crianças (OR=5,4 IC 95% 2,5-11,6; P<0,001). CONCLUSÃO: Mães com disfunção vésico-intestinal têm maior probabilidade de ter filhos com disfunção vésico-intestinal. A associação entre constipação e sintomas do trato urinário inferior desempenha um papel importante nesta apresentação familiar.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Niño , Adulto , Estreñimiento , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior , Madres , Estudios Transversales
13.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 57(2): 126-130, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401953

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Recently it was shown an association between lower urinary tract symptoms in mothers and their children. However, the role of functional constipation in this binomial is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bladder and bowel dysfunction between mothers and children. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study. Mothers and their children responded a self-administrated questionnaire composed by Rome IV criteria, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Overactive Bladder, Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System and demographic questions. RESULTS: A total of 441 mother-child pairs was obtained. Children's mean age was 9.1±2.7 years, with 249 (56.5%) female. Mothers' mean age was 35.7±6.1 years. Isolated constipation was present at 35 (7.9%) children and 74 (16.8%) mothers. Isolated lower urinary tract symptoms were present in 139 (31.5%) children and 92 (20.9%) mothers and bladder bowel dysfunction occurred in 51 (11.6%) children and 78 (17.7%) mothers. There wasn't any association between isolated lower urinary tract symptoms in children and isolated lower urinary tract symptoms in mothers (P=0.31). In univariate analysis there were an association between bladder bowel dysfunction in children and bladder bowel dysfunction in mothers (OR=4.8 IC 95% 2.6-9.6, P<0.001) and isolated constipation in children and isolated constipation in mothers (OR=3.0 IC 95% 1.4-6.4, P=0.003). In multivariate analysis mothers with bladder bowel dysfunction was the only independent factor associated with bladder bowel dysfunction in children (OR=5.4 IC 95% 2.5-11.6, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Mothers with bladder bowel dysfunction are more likely to have a child with bladder bowel dysfunction. Association between these two dysfunctions plays an important role in this familiar presentation.


Asunto(s)
Estreñimiento , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior , Madres , Adulto , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos
14.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(6): 1167-1179, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808405

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is a common clinical condition. Emotional and behavioral issues are increasing among children and adolescents, with stress indicating difficulties in personal and social functioning. This study evaluated whether urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is associated with stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, analytical study with 6-14-year-old patients with LUTS and no anatomical/neurogenic urinary tract abnormalities was conducted using the Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System, a psychological assessment and the Child Stress Scale. The overall stress score was analyzed in relation to the psychological assessment data. Answers to the seven specific DVSS urinary questions were compared with those for the four Child Stress Scale domains. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. The chi-square test and Pearson's correlation were used to determine associations. Significance was defined as p <0.05. RESULTS: Most children were male (56%). Mean age was 9.0±2.25 years. Stress was detected in 20 out of 98 patients (20.4%; 95% CI: 13-30%).Of these, 90% were born from unplanned pregnancies and 67% were upset about their disorder. All the Child Stress Scale domains were significantly associated with urinary dysfunction, with dysuria being significantly associated with all four domains. In the multivariate analysis, dysuria was the only symptom that remained associated with stress. Associations with stress strengthened as the frequency of dysuria increased: physical reactions (p <0.01), emotional reactions (p <0.05), psychological reactions with a depressive component (p<0.01) and psychophysiological reactions (p <0.05). CONCLUSION: Stress levels are higher in children and adolescents with LUTS who have more severe symptoms. Dysuria was the symptom most associated with stress, both in the physical reactions domain, in the psychological reactions domains with or without a depressive component and in the psychophysiological reactions domain.


Asunto(s)
Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/epidemiología , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Distribución por Edad , Brasil/epidemiología , Niño , Conducta Infantil/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/fisiopatología , Masculino , Prevalencia , Escalas de Valoración Psiquiátrica , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Distribución por Sexo , Estrés Psicológico/fisiopatología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1167-1179, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056330

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Introduction: Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is a common clinical condition. Emotional and behavioral issues are increasing among children and adolescents, with stress indicating difficulties in personal and social functioning. This study evaluated whether urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is associated with stress. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, analytical study with 6-14-year-old patients with LUTS and no anatomical/neurogenic urinary tract abnormalities was conducted using the Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System, a psychological assessment and the Child Stress Scale. The overall stress score was analyzed in relation to the psychological assessment data. Answers to the seven specific DVSS urinary questions were compared with those for the four Child Stress Scale domains. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. The chi-square test and Pearson's correlation were used to determine associations. Significance was defined as p <0.05. Results: Most children were male (56%). Mean age was 9.0±2.25 years. Stress was detected in 20 out of 98 patients (20.4%; 95% CI: 13-30%). Of these, 90% were born from unplanned pregnancies and 67% were upset about their disorder. All the Child Stress Scale domains were significantly associated with urinary dysfunction, with dysuria being significantly associated with all four domains. In the multivariate analysis, dysuria was the only symptom that remained associated with stress. Associations with stress strengthened as the frequency of dysuria increased: physical reactions (p <0.01), emotional reactions (p <0.05), psychological reactions with a depressive component (p <0.01) and psychophysiological reactions (p <0.05). Conclusion: Stress levels are higher in children and adolescents with LUTS who have more severe symptoms. Dysuria was the symptom most associated with stress, both in the physical reactions domain, in the psychological reactions domains with or without a depressive component and in the psychophysiological reactions domain.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Adolescente , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/psicología , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/epidemiología , Escalas de Valoración Psiquiátrica , Estrés Psicológico/fisiopatología , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Brasil/epidemiología , Modelos Lineales , Conducta Infantil/psicología , Prevalencia , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Distribución por Sexo , Distribución por Edad , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/fisiopatología
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 378-383, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-892976

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Purpose To identify which independent variable would be strong predictor of febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) in children and adolescents with overactive bladder. Materials and Methods A search was made of the institute's database for all patients diagnosed with overactive bladder over the preceding four years. Children and adolescents under 18 years of age with overactive bladder and no neurological or anatomical alterations of the lower urinary tract were included in the study. The independent variables were: sex, age, ethnicity (Brazilians of African descendence/others), the presence of urinary urgency, daytime incontinence, enuresis, frequent urination, infrequent voiding (≤3 voids/day), nocturia, holding maneuvers, straining to void, intermittent urinary flow, constipation and encopresis. An analysis was conducted to identify patients with febrile UTI and subsequently determine predictors of this condition. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results Overall, 326 patients (214 girls/112 boys) were evaluated. The mean age of the patients was 7.7±3.19 years (± standard deviation). The incidence of febrile UTI was 39.2%. Being female and infrequent voiding were factors significantly associated with febrile UTI, both in the univariate and multivariate analyses. Conclusions These results show that being female and infrequent voiding constituted significant risk factors for a diagnosis of febrile UTI in these children.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Preescolar , Niño , Adolescente , Incontinencia Urinaria/complicaciones , Infecciones Urinarias/etiología , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/complicaciones , Estudios Transversales , Factores de Riesgo
17.
Int Braz J Urol ; 44(2): 378-383, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29368878

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To identify which independent variable would be strong predictor of febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) in children and adolescents with overactive bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was made of the institute's database for all patients diagnosed with overactive bladder over the preceding four years. Children and adolescents under 18 years of age with overactive bladder and no neurological or anatomical alterations of the lower urinary tract were included in the study. The independent variables were: sex, age, ethnicity (Brazilians of African descendence/others), the presence of urinary urgency, daytime incontinence, enuresis, frequent urination, infrequent voiding (≤3 voids/day), nocturia, holding maneuvers, straining to void, intermittent urinary flow, constipation and encopresis. An analysis was conducted to identify patients with febrile UTI and subsequently determine predictors of this condition. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: Overall, 326 patients (214 girls/112 boys) were evaluated. The mean age of the patients was 7.7±3.19 years (± standard deviation). The incidence of febrile UTI was 39.2%. Being female and infrequent voiding were factors significantly associated with febrile UTI, both in the univariate and multivariate analyses. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that being female and infrequent voiding constituted significant risk factors for a diagnosis of febrile UTI in these children.


Asunto(s)
Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/complicaciones , Incontinencia Urinaria/complicaciones , Infecciones Urinarias/etiología , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Factores de Riesgo
18.
J Pediatr Urol ; 14(1): 54.e1-54.e6, 2018 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28974365

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has emerged as an effective treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) in view of its high success rates in improving lower urinary tract symptoms and constipation, with no direct side effects. However, the clinical characteristics associated with the outcomes remain to be established. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictors of outcome in children with OAB treated using parasacral TENS. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study of children with symptoms of isolated OAB, enrolled consecutively to the study and treated with parasacral TENS (figure). Isolated OAB was defined as the presence of urinary urgency with no signs of dysfunctional voiding. The symptoms were considered completely resolved when a patient's parents/guardians or the patients themselves reported a 100% improvement. Parasacral TENS was performed twice weekly for a total of 20 sessions of 20 min each at 10 Hz. The potential predictive factors evaluated were: sex, age, daytime incontinence, nocturia, a prior history of urinary tract infection, the presence of nocturnal enuresis, constipation and holding maneuvers. RESULTS: Eighty-three patients with a mean age of 7.8 ± 2.8 years were included in the study. Complete resolution of symptoms was achieved in 47 (56.6%). Following parasacral TENS treatment, a significant response was reported in 96.4% of cases. Of the 55 patients with nocturnal enuresis, partial resolution was achieved in 30 cases (54.5%), with a statistically significant association between nocturnal enuresis and the patient's response to treatment (p < 0.004; OR = 4.4, 95% CI 1.5-12.5). No other factor was associated with response to treatment. DISCUSSION: To the best of our knowledge, this association between nocturnal enuresis and failure to respond to parasacral TENS treatment for lower urinary tract dysfunction has not previously been reported. The identification of factors capable of predicting therapeutic failure may allow professionals to select those specific patients who would benefit from a multimodal approach in the treatment of this pathology, which has such a significant impact on the quality of life of affected patients. CONCLUSIONS: Nocturnal enuresis was the only symptom associated with a poor outcome following parasacral TENS treatment in children with OAB.


Asunto(s)
Enuresis Nocturna/epidemiología , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio/métodos , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/terapia , Infecciones Urinarias/epidemiología , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Incidencia , Región Lumbosacra , Masculino , Enuresis Nocturna/fisiopatología , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Estudios Prospectivos , Medición de Riesgo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Vejiga Urinaria Hiperactiva/diagnóstico , Incontinencia Urinaria/epidemiología , Incontinencia Urinaria/fisiopatología , Infecciones Urinarias/fisiopatología
19.
J Pediatr Urol ; 13(3): 269.e1-269.e6, 2017 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28342737

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The association between parents who suffered daytime incontinence as children and children who are incontinence has been reported. However, the association of lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction in children and urinary symptoms in mothers has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the children of mothers with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are more likely to have urinary symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in two cities in Brazil. Children/adolescents of 5-17 years of age and their mothers were interviewed. Children with neurological problems, previously detected urinary tract abnormalities or who refused to sign the informed consent or assent form were excluded. The DVSS questionnaire was used to evaluate the presence of LUTS in the children and the ICIQ-OAB questionnaire was used to evaluate their mothers. Constipation in the children was investigated using the ROME III criteria. RESULTS: A total of 827 mother-child pairs were included, with 414 of the children (50.06%) being male. Mean age was 9.1 ± 2.9 years for the children and 35.9 ± 6.5 years for the mothers. Urinary symptoms (occurring at least once or twice a week) were present in 315 children (38.1%), incontinence in 114 (13.8%) and urinary urgency in 141 (17%). Of the mothers, 378 (45.7%) had at least one LUTS, with 103 (12.5%) having incontinence and 153 (18.5%) urgency. According to the DVSS, the overall prevalence of LUT dysfunction was 9.1%. The children's DVSS scores were significantly associated with the mothers' ICIQ-OAB scores (p < 0.0010). Mothers with urinary symptoms were 2.5 times more likely to have a child with LUT dysfunction (95%CI: 1.52-4.17; p < 0.001), while mothers with overactive bladder were 2.8 times more likely to have a child with an overactive bladder (95%CI: 1.63-4.86; p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, these same characteristics were confirmed as independent predictive factors of the presence of LUT dysfunction in the child. Children of mothers with incontinence and urinary urgency were also more likely to have incontinence and urgency. CONCLUSION: Mothers with typical symptoms of overactive bladder are more likely to have a child with LUT dysfunction. This correlation is also positive for the isolated symptoms of urinary urgency and incontinence. Independent predictive factors of the presence of LUT dysfunction in children were: being female, enuresis, constipation, and having a mother with LUTS.


Asunto(s)
Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/epidemiología , Madres , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo
20.
Front Pediatr ; 4: 101, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27752507

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between constipation and lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) and nocturnal enuresis in a population-based study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. The criteria for inclusion were children and adolescents of between 5 and 17 years and who agreed to sign the informed consent form. The study excluded students with neurological problems or who had documented abnormalities of the urinary tract. To identify the presence and severity of LUTD, we used the Voiding Dysfunction Symptom Score (DVSS). To evaluate the presence of constipation, Rome III questionnaire was used. RESULTS: We interviewed 829 children and adolescents, of which 416 (50.18%) were male. The mean (SD) age was 9.1 (±2.9) years. The overall prevalence of LUTD was 9.1%, predominantly in girls (15 versus 3.1%, p < 0.001). Constipation was found in 9.4% of boys and 12.4% of girls (p = 0.169). Constipated children were 6.8 times more likely to have LUTD than those not constipated (p < 0.001, coefficient and correlation of 0.411). Constipation was found in 8.2% of children without LUTD and in 35.2% of children with LUTD. We performed multivariate analysis to identify urinary symptoms that are independent predictors of the presence of constipation. The presence of infrequent urination (p = 0.004) and holding maneuvers (p < 0.001) were independent predictors. It was noted also noted that constipated children, according to the Rome III criteria, possess a worse DVSS (p < 0.001). Regarding the presence of nocturnal enuresis, 12.6% of children and adolescents had constipation in association with this symptom. However, this relationship was not statistically significant (p = 0.483). CONCLUSION: Constipated children were 6.8 times more likely to have LUTD than those not constipated. Among the urinary symptoms, infrequent voiding and holding maneuvers are independent factors of urinary expressions in constipated children. Children with more severe constipation have more prominent urinary symptoms. The presence of enuresis was not associated with constipation.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...