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1.
Kardiologiia ; 59(10S): 31-40, 2019 Jul 23.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876460

RESUMEN

Purpos. To assess the effectiveness of preventive counseling with focus on diet modification followed by remote support via telephone on awareness of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (RFs) in patients (pts) with high/very high CV risk. Material and methods. This is a prospective randomized controlled study of 100 pts with high/very high CV risk (5-9% and ≥10% according to the SCORE scale) and any 2 criteria for metabolic syndrome.  Pts were randomized into 2 groups in 1:1 ratio - the intervention group (n=50) and the control group (n=50). The intervention group received comprehensive preventive counseling with focus on diet modification followed by remote preventive counseling by phone every two weeks for the first 3 months after enrollment (a total of 6 sessions). The control group received usual care in Health centers which also included basic preventive counseling. A specially designed questionnaire was used to evaluate the awareness of the basic CV RFs, including open questions. The awareness was assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months. Results. The groups were well balanced according to demographic and clinical features. The results of the study revealed an extremely low awareness of major CV RFs of pts in both groups at baseline: practically none of them indicated as RFs for cardiovascular disease elevated cholesterol (8,0% and 4,0%, respectively) and blood pressure (14.0% and 4.0%). At 6 month the level of awareness of CV RFs has increased significantly. Moreover, pts of the intervention group were more informed about elevated cholesterol (58,0% vs. 28,0%; p<0,01) and unhealthy diet (76,0% vs. 52,0%; p<0,05). At 12 month the level of awareness of CV RFs was significantly higher in both groups  to compare from baseline. Conclusion. Preventive counseling with focus on diet modification followed by 3 months  remote support via phone provided a significant improvement of awareness of CV RFs in pts with high/very high CV risk.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Presión Sanguínea , Consejo , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
2.
Kardiologiia ; 59(11S): 53-62, 2019 Jul 23.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884941

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The search for optimal approaches to the diagnosis of subclinical atherosclerosis using a wide range of traditional and psychosocial risk factors (RFs), as well as clinical and instrumental diagnostic methods in patients (pts) with high or very high cardiovascular (CV) risk. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled52 pts, aged 40 to 65 years with high or very high CV risk (5-9 and ≥10% by the Systematic Coronary Risk Estimation Scale [SCORE], respectively). All participants underwent cardiac computed tomography (CT)angiography and calcium scoring. Traditional RFs (family history of premature CVD, smoking, overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, lipids parameters (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides) and lipids-related markers (apolipoprotein A1, apolipoprotein B, ApoB/ApoA1 ratio), biomarkers of inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs CRP], fibrinogen), indicator carbohydrate metabolism (glucose), ankle-brachial index, stress-test, carotid plaques according to ultrasound, arterial stiffness were evaluated in all pts. Psychological RFs were evaluated using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and DS-14 for type D personality. RESULTS: All pts were divided into 2 groups according to the CT angiography results: pts in the main group (n=21) had any non-obstructive lesions or calcium score >0, pts in the control group (n=31) had intact coronary arteries. The groups did not differ in age or gender. It was found that patients with subclinical atherosclerosis significantly more often have a very high (≥10%) CV risk (42.9% vs.16.3%, p<0.05), a long (≥5 years) history of arterial hypertension (47.6% vs. 12.9% , p<0.01) and longer duration of antihypertensive therapy (61.9% vs. 29.0%, p<0.05), higher heart rate in rest (87. ± 14 vs. 77 ± 10 beats/min, p<0.01), increased arterial stiffness according to aortic pulse wave velocity (85.7% vs. 61.3%, p<0.05) and high level of hs-CRP (100% vs. 90.3%, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Using in routine clinical practice of additional anamnestic (hypertension lasting ≥ 5 years and the intake of any antihypertensive drugs) and clinical-instrumental parameters (high heart rate in rest, hs CRP and arterial stiffness in pts with high and very high CV risk increases effectiveness of early detection of subclinical atherosclerosis.


Asunto(s)
Aterosclerosis , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Anciano , Aterosclerosis/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Estudios Transversales , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Análisis de la Onda del Pulso , Factores de Riesgo
3.
Kardiologiia ; 59(10S): 52-63, 2019 Sep 11.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876462

RESUMEN

The goal evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment with the new TMZ OD dosage form in different regions of the Russian Federation and regional differences in the clinical characteristics of patients with coronary artery disease included in the observation, the nature of their therapy, the presence and degree of correction of modifiable risk factors in real clinical practice. MATERIAL: Used database research ODA (Evaluation of the effectiveness and therapeutic response to Preductal OD 80 mg in everyday practical use for the treatment of stable angina), which was conducted in 56 cities of the Russian Federation. The analysis was carried out in the Central, North-West, Volga districts and regions united by the territorial principle - Southern + North Caucasian + Crimea + Sevastopol and Ural + Siberian + Far Eastern. RESULTS: By region, there were no differences in the ratio of men and women included in the observation, the number of smoking patients (about 15%), overweight (about 80% of patients), arterial hypertension (exceeding 85%),dyslipidemia (over 90%), and atrial fibrillation (met at each 8-10 included patient). The proportion of patients older than 65 years was greater in the Central, North-West and Ural regions. Unfavorable heredity in coronary artery disease is more common in the Southern, Central and Ural regions. More than 2/3 of the patients had low physical activity, and in the South - their number reached ¾ of all included in the observation. The largest number of patients with diabetes was in the Central and North-West regions (every fourth patient), in the Ural region every fifth. The lowest frequency of statin prescribing was in the Volga region. The smallest number of those receiving RAS inhibitors was in the North-West, Ural and South regions. Beta blockers took more than 80% of patients. Only 35% of patients had a target systolic blood pressure. The smallest proportion of people with target blood pressure values was in the NorthWest and South regions. Adding TMZ OD to therapy or replacing previous therapy with trimetazidine on TMZ OD in all regions resulted in a significant (p <0.001) decrease in the incidence of angina attacks by as early as 1 month of therapy and the antianginal effect increased by the third month of treatment. By the third month of treatment, the average frequency of angina attacks was the lowest in the North-Western and Ural regions (significantly lower than even in the Central region) and remained higher only in the Volga region compared to the Central, North-Western and Ural regions. During follow-up, treatment compliance increased significantly in all regions. CONCLUSION: The fight against major risk factors remains insufficient and efforts should be made to change the situation in all regions of the Russian Federation. The inclusion of trimetazidine in therapy in the new TMZ OD dosage form allows to obtain a pronounced antianginal effect and increase adherence to therapy. Low adherence can be overcome by careful observation and closer contact between doctors and patients.


Asunto(s)
Angina Estable , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapéutico , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Federación de Rusia , Trimetazidina , Vasodilatadores
4.
Kardiologiia ; 59(9S): 31-41, 2019 Jul 23.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644415

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study medical awareness of cardiovascular risk factors (RFs) in different types of hospitalized patients (pts). METHODS: A total of 150 pts from neurological, endocrinological and cardiac units one of Moscow city hospital were enrolled into the survey (50 pts in each unit). The pts were interviewed during the I-II days of the hospitalization. A special questionnaire was developed in­ cluding socio-demographic and clinical indicators, open questions on the awareness of traditional cardiovascular RFs and their target values. RESULTS: Pts of three units did not differ in gender and age. The range of diagnoses corresponded to the profile of the unit. The survey revealed an extremely low awareness of major cardiovascular RFs of pts in all 3 units: almost none of them pointed to elevated cholesterol (0%, 4% and 0%, respectively) and blood pressure (2%, 2% and 0%) respectively) as RF of cardiovascular diseases. The pts of the three units most often referred to stress (64%, 56% and 66%, respectively) and unhealthy diet (50%, 56% and 64%, respectively) as the main cardiovascular RFs. On average, pts in three units correctly indicated only 2 RFs. CONCLUSION: The survey revealed a low awareness of cardiovascular RFs in different types of medical pts, including cardiac pts, at time of hospital admission.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/epidemiología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Hospitalización , Humanos , Moscú , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Kardiologiia ; 59(8): 54-63, 2019 Aug 08.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397230

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risk factors (RFs) play a major role in the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). AIM: The COMET study aimed to obtain current data on psychosocial RFs in outpatients with arterial hypertension (AH) and/or coronary heart disease (CHD) seen in primary care facilities in 30 cities of Russia. METHODS: In 2016-2017, a multicenter cross-sectional study was carried out involving 325 physicians from community primary care facilities who enrolled 2,775 patients with AH and/or CHD ≥ 55 years of age. However, only 73 CHD patients (2.6%) were not hypertensive, therefore, these patients were excluded from the analyses. As a result, current paper is based on the comparison of AH patients (n=1687) vs. participants with both CHD and AH (AH+CHD; n=1015). We collected patients' socio-demographic data, clinical features, traditional and psychosocial RFs, such as anxiety and depression, stress level, type D personality, and treatment adherence. RESULTS: The study population (women, 72%; mean age ± SD, 66.7 ± 7.9 years) had a significant prevalence of psychosocial RF. 43.8% of AH patients and 45.5 % of participants with AH+CHD rated their income as low or very low, a low educational level was reported in 21.6% and 26.0%, respectively (both p=n/s). Social isolation was uncommon, but it occurred more frequently in AH+CHD patients (8.3% vs. 5.2%, p<0.01). Nevertheless, 40.2% of AH patients and 39.4% of AH+CHD were not married, and 26.0% and 24.6% were living alone, respectively. Elevated stress level was prevalent in more than 60% of patients (67.9% in AH patients vs. 67.7% in AH+CHD patents, p=n/s), and 63.3% and 64.8% of patients, respectively, reported stressful life events in the preceding year (p=n/s). Type D personality was more common in AH+CHD patients (41.2% vs. 35.8%; p<0.01). Clinically significant anxiety symptoms were prevalent in 24.7% ofAH patients and in 27.4% ofAH+CHD patients (p=n/s), and clinically significant depressive symptoms were identified in 13.9% and 20.9%, respectively (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: We obtained current data on psychosocial RFs prevalence in outpatients with the most common CVDs in primary care setting. At the moment, their prevalence remains significant.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Hipertensión , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo , Federación de Rusia
6.
Kardiologiia ; (10): 34-44, 2018 Oct.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30359215

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: to assess the impact of preventive counseling with focus on diet modification on lipid and metabolic parameters in patients with high / very high cardiovascular (CV) risk who visited Health centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective randomized controlled study of patients aged 40 to 65 years with high/very high CV risk (≥5% according to the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation scale [SCORE]) and any 2 criteria for metabolic syndrome. Patients were 1:1 randomized into 2 groups. The intervention group (n=50) received comprehensive preventive counseling with focus on diet modification followed by remote preventive counseling by phone every two weeks for the first 3 months after enrollment (a total of 6 sessions). The control group (n=50) received usual care in Health centers which also included basic preventive counseling. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients (women 82%, age 59.74±4.66 years) were randomized. At baseline 81% of patients had high and 19% - very high CV risk. The groups were well balanced according to demographic and clinical features. At 1 year of follow-up patients from the intervention group experienced significant improvement of metabolic parameters compared with controls: their diastolic blood pressure (BP) decreased by 5.62±7.7 mm Hg, total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TC and LDL-C) - by 0.5±0.83 and 0.46±0.62 mmol/l, respectively. Both groups experienced statistically and clinically significant decreases in systolic BP (intervention, - 17.76±16.2 mm Hg, control, - 13.44±15.6 mm Hg; both groups p.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Anciano , LDL-Colesterol , Consejo , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
7.
Kardiologiia ; 58(9): 47-58, 2018 09.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30295199

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: More than 10 years passed since conduction of the first clinical-epidemiological study of prevalence of psychosocial risk factors (PSRF) in patients with arterial hypertension (AH) an/or ischemic heart disease in Russian Federation. PURPOSE: to assess current prevalence of PSRF in patients with AH/CHD and their relationship with traditional risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with verified AH and/or CHD aged ≥55 years were included into this cross-sectional study in 30 cities of Russia representing 7 federal districts according to the following procedure. In each city we selected 2-5 federal clinics - providers of primary medical care; in each of these clinics we at random invited 2-5 physicians to take part in this study. Each of these physicians for 1-2 days included 10 consecutive patients with AH and/or CHD. Information collected from patients comprised social demographic and clinical characteristics, risk factors, adherence to therapy; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was applied for detection of symptoms of anxiety and depression. Obtained information was used for analysis of prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and their association with symptoms of depression and anxiety in a framework of Pearson linear and Kendall rank correlation analysis. RESULTS: Symptoms of anxiety of various severity (HADS-A≥7) were detected in 42.2% of patients with AH and/or CHD, in 25.5% they were clinically significant (HADS-A≥11). Symptoms of depression of various severity (HADS-D ≥7) were detected in 42.5% of patients with AH and/or CHD, in 16.3% they were clinically significant (HADS-D≥11). We also observed several significant associations of symptoms of depression and anxiety with traditional cardiovascular risk factors: low level of physical activity, elevated systolic and diastolic arterial pressure, level of total cholesterol, abdominal obesity; some unhealthy nutritional habits. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression was found to be high among ambulatory patients with AH and/or CHD. However, in this study it was lower compared with that reported by previous studies in Russia.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión/epidemiología , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiología , Ansiedad/complicaciones , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Presión Sanguínea , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/complicaciones , Depresión/epidemiología , Humanos , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Hipertensión/psicología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Isquemia Miocárdica/complicaciones , Isquemia Miocárdica/psicología , Pacientes Ambulatorios , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Federación de Rusia
8.
Vestn Oftalmol ; 134(2): 23-31, 2018.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29771881

RESUMEN

Endocrine ophthalmopathy (EOP) is a severe chronic autoimmune disease associated with autoimmune thyroid pathology that leads to loss of sight, cosmetic defects and quality of life decrease. EOP is difficult to give prognosis for due to various factors affecting its course and outcome. PURPOSE: To develop a reliable and precise prognosis method for EOP activity and severity based on personalized combination of risk factors in specific patients by multidimensional linear regression modeling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 139 patients (278 orbits) with newly diagnosed EOP associated with toxic diffuse goiter was observed during 1 year by an ophthalmologist and an endocrinologist; patient examination interval was 6 months. More than 250 indices were dynamically analyzed in the course of the study. Linear regression analysis was chosen as the research method; it allowed detection of linear dependencies between dependent and explanatory variables. RESULTS: More than 600 various linear regression equations were derived that enabled prediction of EOP onset risk and development timeline, estimation of activity and/or severity of the disease, duration of active period in specific patients for the immediate and long-term outcome. From the derived models, the most reliable and safest for practical application were picked out. The present study introduces nine optimized models that can be used for patient follow-up since day one. CONCLUSION: The onset risk, progression and outcome of the disease can be determined by a combination of factors revealed in the study.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Graves , Oftalmopatía de Graves , Oftalmopatía de Graves/diagnóstico , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Calidad de Vida
9.
Kardiologiia ; 58(11): 5-16, 2018 Nov 23.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30625073

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial (PS) risk factors (RF) make a substantial contribution in populational burden of cardio-vascular diseases (CVD) and their complications. PURPOSE: The KOMETA (Comet) study was directed to obtaining actual information on PSRF among ambulatory patients with arterial hypertension (AH) and / or ischemic heart disease (IHD) in 30 cities of Russian Federation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016-2017. Doctors participating in the study (n=325) recruited in state polyclinics 2775 patients aged ≥55 years with AH and / or IHD. Information collected from these patients comprised social-demographic and clinical characteristics, data on RF, adherence to therapy. Assessment of PSRF was carried out with consideration of levels of anxiety, depression and stress, presence of personality type D. RESULTS: Population of patients studied (72 % women) was characterized by considerable prevalence of PSRFs. Low levels of education and income were found in 24.5 and 44.2 % of patients, respectively; 25.2 % of patients reported living alone, 6.3 % - felt social isolation. Elevated, extremely high levels of stress, type D personality were detected in 67.8, 10, and 37.6 % of patients, respectively; clinically significant symptoms of anxiety and depression were found in 25.5 and 16.3 %, respectively. Most RFs were significantly more often detected in women, and older people. One third of patients (33.1 %) during a year preceding inclusion took some psychotropic drugs mainly herbal or barbiturate-containing (27.1 %). Moreover, 30 % of patients had lowering of cognitive functioning. CONCLUSION: In this large-scale study we revealed high prevalence of PSRFs among ambulatory patients with AH and / or IHD in Russia. Despite positive dynamics of prevalence of states of anxiety and depression relative to earlier studies in this country their negative impact on prognosis of CVD and quality of life of affected patients requires optimization of efforts for organization of adequate care and directed to timely diagnosis and correction of these states.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión , Isquemia Miocárdica , Ciudades , Estudios Transversales , Depresión , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de Vida , Factores de Riesgo , Federación de Rusia
10.
Kardiologiia ; 57(12): 34-42, 2017 Dec.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29466209

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to study medical awareness of cardiovascular risk factors (FR) in hospitalized patients of the cardiac and internal medicine units (CU and IMU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients from CU (n=50) and IMU (n=50) of a Moscow city hospital were included into the survey. The patients were interviewed during the I-II days of hospital stay. A special questionnaire was developed including socio-demographic and clinical indicators, open questions on the knowledge of traditional cardiovascular RFs and their target values. RESULTS: Patients of both units did not differ in gender and age. The survey revealed an extremely low awareness of major cardiovascular RFs of patients in both units: practically none of them indicated as RFs for cardiovascular disease elevated cholesterol (0 and 2 %, respectively, p>0.05) and blood pressure (0 % and 2 %, respectively, p>0.05). The majority of patients in both units (74 and 68 %, respectively, p>0.05) reported only 1-2 RFs. Patients in both units often believed that stress is the main cardiovascular RF (66 % and 50 %, respectively, p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The survey revealed a low awareness of cardiovascular RFs in different types of medical patients at time of hospital admission.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Presión Sanguínea , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Moscú , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
Ter Arkh ; 88(1): 82-88, 2016.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26978615

RESUMEN

AIM: To study an association between blood lipid composition and bone mass in Russian postmenopausal women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 373 postmenopausal women aged 45-80 years who were examined to diagnose osteoporosis in outpatient settings. Height, body weight, and waist and hip circumferences (WC and HC) were measured before densitometry. Quetelet's index was calculated as a ratio of weight (kg) to height (m2). The concentration of lipids and apolipoproteins (apo) AІ and B were measured by enzyme immunoassay. Bone mineral density (BMD) in the spine and proximal femur (PF) was estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: According to bone mass, the patients were divided into three groups: 1) osteoporosis (OP); 2) osteopenia; 3) normal BMD. The levels of total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol were significantly higher in the postmenopausal women with OP than in those with normal bone mass. There was a negative correlation of cholesterol and HDL cholesterol levels with lumbar spine BMD and that of HDL levels with BMD in the femoral neck (FN) and entire PF. The level of lipoprotein (a) (LPa) was significantly lower in the group of patients with OP and positively correlated with BMD in FN and entire PF. After adjustment for age, the duration of menopause, Quetelet's index, and WC/HC association remained only between LPa and FN BMD. CONCLUSION: Multivariate regression analysis failed to confirm a trend towards decreased BMD and increased HDL cholesterol. This suggests that the association of HDL cholesterol with bone mass is apparently mediated by other factors and, above all, with age, postmenopausal hormonal status and body weight.


Asunto(s)
Lipoproteínas/sangre , Osteoporosis Posmenopáusica , Posmenopausia/metabolismo , Absorciometría de Fotón/métodos , Anciano , Índice de Masa Corporal , Densidad Ósea , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Osteoporosis Posmenopáusica/sangre , Osteoporosis Posmenopáusica/diagnóstico , Osteoporosis Posmenopáusica/epidemiología , Federación de Rusia/epidemiología , Estadística como Asunto
12.
Adv Gerontol ; 29(1): 79-85, 2016.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28423250

RESUMEN

Most of people over 60 years of age have decreased renal function and the velocity of glomerular filtration rate reduction varies greatly. Presumably, one of the probable mechanisms of accelerated decline of renal function may be a shortening of telomere length due to chronic inflammation. The main purpose of research was to appreciate the association of renal function, leukocytes telomeres length and markers of chronic inflammation in patients without chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. 253 patients without chronic kidney diseases and cardiovascular diseases were included in the study. The average age of patients was 51,5±13,3 years. There were 172 women and 81 men. 55 patients had hypertension of 1-2 degree, 46 patients had normal renal function, 207 had mild failure of kidney function. Albuminuria was < 30 mg/day in all patients. Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed statistically significant correlation between albuminuria level and telomere length (p=0,023), C reactive protein (p=0,047) and fibrinogen (p=0,001). Glomerular filtration rate, urea and creatinine were not associated with telomere length and markers of inflammation but were correlated well with age, p < 0,001. CONCLUSIONS: Albuminuria is mainly associated with chronic inflammation and telomere length (from all studied indices of renal function). Albuminuria may be regarded as a marker of replicative cell senescence and a therapeutic target for the prevention of renal function reduction.


Asunto(s)
Telómero , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Femenino , Tasa de Filtración Glomerular , Humanos , Inflamación , Enfermedades Renales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
13.
Kardiologiia ; 56(11): 18-26, 2016 12.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28290815

RESUMEN

The purpose of the study "Invasive Techniques for the treatment of atherosclerosis: the effectiveness of secondary preventive intervention" (IMLA-TRAC) - long-term efficacy of single preventive counseling of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in a stationary treatment for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, controlled trial included 160 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent PCI between the ages of 38 to 87 years (mean age 59,43+/-8,94 years, 81.9% male). Included in the study, patients were randomized in a ratio of 1: 1 into 2 groups - the primary (n=80) and control (n=80). Patients in both groups received standard hospital treatment and hospital doctors recommendations. In addition to these patients of the main group carried out a preventive educational program After being discharged from hospital patients in both groups were followed for 12 months. RESULTS: The study showed that a single prevention counseling, conducted in patients with coronary heart disease at the stage of hospital treatment over a planned or emergency PCI, does not provide a stable positive dynamics of the main risk factors and has no effect on mortality and combined end point. There is only a small positive dynamics of individual indicators, for example, significantly lower intake of saturated fats, an increase in adherence to treatment, in particular, receive aspirin. CONCLUSION: Further studies are needed to determine the most effective models for preventive intervention in patients with coronary artery disease, which can start in a hospital, but should continue on an outpatient or remote formats.


Asunto(s)
Atención Ambulatoria , Enfermedad Coronaria/fisiopatología , Enfermedad Coronaria/cirugía , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Estudios Prospectivos , Distribución Aleatoria , Factores de Riesgo , Resultado del Tratamiento
14.
Kardiologiia ; 56(8): 66-72, 2016 08.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28290884

RESUMEN

Quality of life (QL) of patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a combination symptoms of the disease, physical state, emotional status, and social-laboring functioning. Until recently there were no universal questionnaire allowing to perform comparative analysis of QL of patients with effort angina (EF), survivors of myocardial infarction (MI) and chronic heart failure (CHF). Therefore, European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation conducted a study with the aim of developing universal questionnaire for assessment of QL in patients with IHD - HeartQol. The study enrolled 6384 patients with angina, MI, or CHF across 22 countries (315 in Russia). Patients completed a battery of questionnaires and Mokken scaling analysis was used to identify most important guestions for assessment of QL questions to be included into the HeartQoL questionnaire.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Isquemia Miocárdica , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/psicología , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/terapia , Humanos , Isquemia Miocárdica/psicología , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Ajuste Social
15.
Kardiologiia ; 55(5): 59-65, 2015.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26615626

RESUMEN

UNLABELLED: With advancing age the left ventricle (LV) undergoes structural and functional changes, thereby creating the substrate for the development of diseases. One possible mechanism of the ageing of the heart is cellular senescence. Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a marker of replicative ageing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diastolic function of LV and level of NT-proBNP in people of different ages free of cardiovascular diseases and to assess their relationship with LTL. Our data showed that old age is associated with diastolic dysfunction and increase in the levels of NT-proBNP. The group of older subjects had lower values of E/A (0.96 ± 0.036 vs 1.27 ± 0.03, p < 0.001), Em/Am (0.9 ± 0.035 vs 1.5 ± 0.066) and higher values of IVRT (81 ± 1.56 vs 70 ± 1.23 MS, p < 0.001), DT (198 ± 3.98 vs 175 ± 2.82 MS, p < 0.001), that reflected impairment of LV relaxation. NT-proBNP level was higher in the elderly (100.82 ± 7.1 vs 48.47 ± 6.7 ωg/ml, p < 0.01), but it did not correlate with LTL. The most sensitive to the age parameters of LV diastolic function (E/A and Em/Am ratio) were positively and independently of age associated with LTL (p < 0.001). Older individuals with shorter LTL had significantly lower values of E/A ratio. CONCLUSION: Telomere length appears to be a biomarker of myocardium ageing.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento/fisiología , Leucocitos/fisiología , Péptido Natriurético Encefálico/sangre , Fragmentos de Péptidos/sangre , Telómero/fisiología , Función Ventricular Izquierda/fisiología , Adulto , Anciano , Diástole , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
16.
Vestn Oftalmol ; 131(4): 32-37, 2015.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26489117

RESUMEN

AIM: to investigate the contribution of various hemodynamic disturbances in magistral vessels to optic neuropathy (ON) progression and ocular tension changes in endocrine ophthalmopathy (EOP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 39 patients (78 eyes) with subclinical EOP (clinical activity score, CAS ≤ 2) associated with Graves' disease (n = 32, 64 eyes) or autoimmune thyroiditis (n = 7, 14 eyes) were examined. Orbit echography was performed in all patients. Blood flow was assessed with a Voluson 730 PRO ultrasound diagnostic system ("Kretz", Austria) in triplex mode (B-scan, color Doppler flow mapping in combination with pulse-wave Doppler). Thus obtained hemodynamic parameters in ophthalmic artery, central retinal artery (CRA), central retinal vein (CRV), short posterior ciliary arteries (SPCA), and long posterior ciliary arteries (LPCA) were analyzed. To reveal the role of hemodynamic disturbances in the above mentioned vessels in ON progression and eye pressure maintenance, the patients were divided into 7 groups. Only those eyes, whose peripheral indices were increased by more than 25% of normal values and diastolic blood flow decreased by not less than 25%, were selected for further study. Intraocular pressure changes were evaluated by group mean (Mmean = M ± m mmHg), optic neuropathy progression--by the difference in group mean depth (dB) and number of scotomas between the first and the last visit (6 months of observation). RESULTS: In almost all types of perfusion disturbances, the resultant chronic ocular ischemia causes a decrease in IOP. The only exception, as shown, is simultaneous involvement of CRA, SPCA, and LPCA. The level of blood flow disturbance determines the severity of qualitative and quantitative changes in eyes with EOP-associated ON. The rate of ON progression directly correlates with baseline IOP values on day zero. CONCLUSION: Long-lasting chronic impairment of blood supply of the eyeball leads to reduction in ocular tension and progression of optic neuropathy. Combined perfusion disturbances in CRA and LPCA as well as in CRA, LPCA, and SPCA can be considered a high-risk factor, while SPCA and/or LPCA involvement--a moderate-risk factor.


Asunto(s)
Ojo/irrigación sanguínea , Oftalmopatía de Graves , Hemodinámica , Enfermedades del Nervio Óptico , Adolescente , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Femenino , Oftalmopatía de Graves/complicaciones , Oftalmopatía de Graves/fisiopatología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Hipotensión Ocular/complicaciones , Hipotensión Ocular/diagnóstico , Hipotensión Ocular/fisiopatología , Enfermedades del Nervio Óptico/diagnóstico , Enfermedades del Nervio Óptico/etiología , Enfermedades del Nervio Óptico/fisiopatología , Flujo Sanguíneo Regional , Federación de Rusia , Tonometría Ocular/métodos , Ultrasonografía Doppler en Color/métodos
17.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 79(10): 1136-9, 2014 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25519073

RESUMEN

The mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 (10-(6'-plastoquinonyldecyl)triphenylphosphonium) is a new pharmaceutical substance with a wide spectrum of effects including increase in lifespan of laboratory animals (for example, of BALB/c mice males) and inhibition of development of some experimental tumors and also of tumor cell growth. In this work, the effects of SkQ1 on development of spontaneous tumors in female and male BALB/c mice housed in an SPF-class vivarium were studied. We found that the addition of SkQ1 to drinking water at the dose of 1 and 30 nmol/kg body weight per day throughout the lifespan modified the spectrum of spontaneous tumors in the female mice, decreasing the incidence of follicular lymphomas. SkQ1 at the dose of 1 nmol/kg per day also suppressed the dissemination of these neoplasms, but it did not significantly influence the overall incidence of benign and malignant tumors (including primary multiple tumors) or the lifespan of the tumor-bearing mice (both males and females). Hence, the previously described ability of SkQ1 to increase the lifespan of laboratory BALB/c mice is not related to its anticarcinogenic activity.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes/farmacología , Neoplasias/prevención & control , Plastoquinona/análogos & derivados , Animales , Femenino , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiología , Neoplasias Pulmonares/prevención & control , Linfoma Folicular/epidemiología , Masculino , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Mitocondrias/efectos de los fármacos , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Plastoquinona/administración & dosificación , Plastoquinona/farmacología
18.
Kardiologiia ; 54(3): 15-22, 2014.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25102744

RESUMEN

Results of an open multicenter prospective postmarketing observational program EKSPERT (post-marketing surveillance of the effectiveness and impact of the EKVATOR treatment on quality of life in patients with arterial hypertension in ambulatory practice). Observation of 10 000 patients conducted in 300 medical center in various regions of the Russian Federation in 1005 doctors. Selected for the final analysis 4954 registration cards. It is shown that in patients with initially insufficient effective antihypertensive treatment has a large number of risk factors: men older than 55 years--56.5%, women older than 65 years--27.8%, unfavorable family history of arterial hypertension (AH)--87.9%, diabetes mellitus (DM)--13.4%, smoking--of patients 18.6%, obesity--35%, angina--35.59%, heart failure--41.3% with a history of myocardial infarction--10.9%, stroke--4.5%, renal disease--11.8%, hypercholesterolemia > 5.0 mmol/l--76.7%. Initially drug antihypertensive treatment was performed in 76.6% of patients, while 43.9% were treated regularly. Prior studies angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE) afforded 60.56%, sartans--11% of patients, beta-blockers--41.9%, duretics--41.46%, calcium antagonists used in 21.42% of the patients. After the cancellation of previously used other ACE inhibitors, calcium antagonists and sartans patients were switched to therapy with the EKVATOR (amlodipine and lisinopril). Intensity reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) did not depend on sex of the patients, the presence of angina, diabetes. Greater reduction in blood pressure in hypertensive duration more than 5 years, in the presence of congestive heart failure due to more frequent initiation of therapy with full-dose combination (amlodipine 10 mg and lisinopril 20 mg). After 1 months of starting therapy changes uorvney target blood pressure (< 140 and 90 mmHg) reached 51.5% of patients. Target SBP reached 59.7% of patients, the target level of DBP--69.4%. It is important that the majority of patients crossed over lowti graduation SBP and DBP and significantly improved their quality of life assessment. Incidence of adverse events was low--1.5% of them are the most common were swelling in the legs, headache, dizziness, and dry cough. Replacing the previous therapy different ACE inhibitors, sartans and calcium antagonists to the fixed combination amlodipine and lisinopril) (drug EKVATOR), leads to a rapid, pronounced, and safe reduction of BP and improve health in the majority of patients with previously uncorrected BP.


Asunto(s)
Amlodipino , Presión Sanguínea/efectos de los fármacos , Hipertensión , Lisinopril , Calidad de Vida , Anciano , Atención Ambulatoria/métodos , Atención Ambulatoria/psicología , Atención Ambulatoria/estadística & datos numéricos , Amlodipino/administración & dosificación , Amlodipino/efectos adversos , Antihipertensivos/administración & dosificación , Antihipertensivos/efectos adversos , Monitoreo Ambulatorio de la Presión Arterial , Comorbilidad , Combinación de Medicamentos , Monitoreo de Drogas/métodos , Sustitución de Medicamentos/métodos , Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/diagnóstico , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Hipertensión/epidemiología , Hipertensión/psicología , Lisinopril/administración & dosificación , Lisinopril/efectos adversos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Vigilancia de Productos Comercializados , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Factores de Riesgo , Federación de Rusia/epidemiología , Resultado del Tratamiento
19.
Vestn Oftalmol ; 129(3): 78-80, 2013.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23879029

RESUMEN

Analysis of functional tear production indices in patients with Grave's disease and thyroid eye disease confirmed lacrimal gland involvement in inflammatory autoimmune process. Close direct correlation was found between tear production and main disease characteristics - severity and activity.


Asunto(s)
Síndromes de Ojo Seco/metabolismo , Oftalmopatía de Graves/metabolismo , Aparato Lagrimal/metabolismo , Lágrimas/metabolismo , Adulto , Autoinmunidad , Síndromes de Ojo Seco/diagnóstico , Síndromes de Ojo Seco/etiología , Oftalmopatía de Graves/complicaciones , Oftalmopatía de Graves/diagnóstico , Humanos , Aparato Lagrimal/inmunología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Tomografía Computarizada Multidetector , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Lágrimas/inmunología
20.
Kardiologiia ; 51(1): 34-40, 2011.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21626800
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