Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 227
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(2): 136-144, 2021 Feb 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557496

RESUMEN

Oral and maxillofacial space infections (OMSI) are common diseases of the facial region involving fascial spaces. Recently, OMSI shows trends of multi drug-resistance, severe symptoms, and increased mortality. OMSI treatment principles need to be updated to improve the cure rate. Based on the clinical experiences of Chinese experts and with the incorporation of international counterparts' expertise, the principles of preoperative checklist, interpretation of examination results, empirical medication principles, surgical treatment principles, postoperative drainage principles, prevention strategies of wisdom teeth pericoronitis-related OMSI, blood glucose management, physiotherapy principles, Ludwig's angina treatment and perioperative care were systematically summarized and an expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of OMSI was reached. The consensus aims to provide criteria for the diagnosis and treatment of OMSI in China so as to improve the level of OMSI treatment.


Asunto(s)
Angina de Ludwig , China , Consenso , Humanos , Tercer Molar , Extracción Dental
3.
4.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 885-890, 2020 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171563

RESUMEN

Objective: To observe the changes of peri-implant tissue around the individualized abutment that was grinded from zirconia provisional crown in one year. Methods: In this research, a prosthodontic-driven virtual implant planning and immediate provisionalization were conducted in computer assisted design software. And computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) techniques were used to fabricate the zirconia provisional crown and surgical guide template before surgery. The implant was accurately placed with the surgical guide, and the zirconia provisional crown was immediately delivered after surgery. Three months later, the implant osseointegration was completed, and zirconia provisional crown was prepared intraorally to generate customized zirconia abutment for final prosthesis. The study included 30 patients with single anterior tooth loss, including 18 males and 12 females, aged from 26 to 50 years old, and the mean age was (36.2±6.1) years old. The patients were from the Center of Oral Implantology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical College from January 2017 to February 2018. After cementation of the final prosthesis, the cases were followed up at 6 and 12 months time intervals. Implant survival rate, probing depth, bleeding on probing, marginal bone level loss and papilla index score (PIS) were recorded in every appointment. Results: The survival rate of 30 implants was 100%, and the probing depths were less than 5 mm. The bone resorption at 6 and 12 months follow-up after the final delivery was 0 (0, 0) mm and 0 (-0.2, 0) mm, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The PIS was 3.0 (2.0, 4.0), 3.0 (2.8, 4.0) and 3.0 (3.0, 4.0) on the final delivery, 6 and 12 months after final delivery, respectively. Conclusions: Marginal bone level and bone loss were stable with this new implant clinical protocol at the one-year follow-up.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Implantes Dentales , Adulto , Coronas , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Circonio
5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(38): 3010-3013, 2020 Oct 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33086453

RESUMEN

Objective: To observe the analgesic effect, complication and patient satisfaction of Acute Pain Service (APS) after thoracic surgery. Methods: The clinical data were collected from 264 patients who underwent different thoracic surgery from January 2017 until December 2019 retrospectively. They were divided into thoracotomy group (group O) and thoracoscopy surgery group (group T). There were 90 cases in group O and 174 cases in group T. According to the use of APS, the group O is divided into the no-APS group (group O1) and the APS group (group O2), the group T is divided into the no-APS group (group T1) and the APS group (group T2). The effect of postoperative analgesia, the incidence of nausea and vomiting and the satisfaction of patients were compared between group O1 and group O2, group T1 and group T2, respectively. Results: In the resting state, the Numeric Rating Scales (NRS) scores of the group O2 at 0 h (0.92±0.50 vs 1.59±0.62), 4 h (0.92±0.50 vs 2.06±1.03), 8 h (0.92±0.50 vs 2.18±1.13), 12 h (0.92±0.50 vs 2.47±1.42), 24 h (1.00±0.71 vs 2.53±1.42), and 48 h (1.00±0.71 vs 2.35±1.80) after leaving the Anesthesia Recovery Room (PACU) were significantly lower than those of the group O1 (all P<0.05), and in the active state, the NRS scores of the group O2 at 0 h (P=0.023), 4 h (P=0.001), 8 h (P=0.000), 12 h (P=0.001), 24 h (P=0.000), 48 h (P=0.000), and 72 h (P=0.019) after leaving the PACU were significantly lower than those of the group O1 (all P<0.05). In the resting state, the NRS scores of the group T2 at 4 h (P=0.029), 8 h (P=0.008), 12 h (P=0.006), and 24 h (P=0.013) after leaving the PACU were significantly lower than those of the group T1 (all P<0.05). In the active state, the NRS scores of the group T2 at 4 h (P=0.019), 8 h (P=0.000), 12 h (P=0.001), 24 h (P=0.002), and 48 h (P=0.002) after leaving the PACU were significantly lower than those of the group T1 (all P<0.05). Conclusion: APS can significantly reduce the NRS scores after thoracotomy and thoracoscopic surgery compared to ordinary analgesia model.


Asunto(s)
Clínicas de Dolor , Cirugía Torácica , Analgésicos/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Dimensión del Dolor , Dolor Postoperatorio , Estudios Retrospectivos
6.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 796-801, 2020 Oct 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987457

RESUMEN

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NB) in a single center, analyze the prognostic factors of HR-NB. Methods: The clinical data of children with HR-NB who were treated and followed up at the hematology-oncology center of Beijing Children's Hospital from February 1, 2007 to June 30, 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical features were summarized. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis and Cox regression was used to analyze the prognostic factors. The last follow-up time was June 30, 2019. Results: A total of 458 children with HR-NB were enrolled in this study, including 265 males (57.9%) and 193 females (42.1%), the age at diagnosis was 40.0 months (4.5-148.0 months), the follow-up time was 22.0 months (0.2-138.0 months) and the time of tumor progression or recurrence was 15 months (1-72 months). The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate was (31.2±2.6)% and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was (43.9±3.2)%. The 5-year EFS rate and 5-year OS rate in 142 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients with bone marrow metastases were better than that in 196 non-transplantation cases with bone marrow metastases ((26.5±4.5)% vs. (25.1±3.6)%, χ²=13.773, P=0.001; (38.1±5.5)% vs. (35.7±4.7)%, χ²=9.235, P=0.002); 128 transplantation patients with bone metastases had higher 5-year EFS rate and 5-year OS rate than 188 non-transplantation cases with bone metastases ((28.5±5.0)% vs. (26.7±3.8)%, χ²=10.222, P=0.001; (37.1±6.0)% vs. (36.2±4.8)%, χ²=7.843, P=0.005). The 5-year EFS rate was higher in 37 HSCT patients with MYCN amplification than in 49 non-transplantation cases with MYCN amplification ((26.8±8.0) % vs. (20.5±6.4) %, χ²=5.732, P=0.017). No significant difference was found in 5-years OS rate between transplantation group with MYCN amplification and non-transplantation group with MYCN amplification ((31.4±8.6) % vs. (26.2±7.4) %, χ²=3.230, P=0.072). Univariate survival analysis showed that lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)≥1 500 U/L was associated with poor prognosis of patients with MYCN amplification (χ²=6.960, P=0.008). Multivariate Cox analysis showed bone marrow metastasis and LDH≥1 500 U/L were independent risk factors for poor prognosis of patients with non-MYCN amplification (HR=2.427, 1.618;95%CI:1.427-4.126, 1.275-2.054, P<0.05) for both comparisons. Conclusions: LDH≥1 500 U/L was the poor prognostic factor for patients with MYCN amplification. The bone marrow metastasis and LDH≥1 500 U/L were the poor prognostic factors for HR-NB patients with non-MYCN amplification. HSCT can improve the prognosis of patients with bone or bone marrow metastasis. It can also retard the time of progression or recurrence for patients with MYCN amplification.

7.
Am J Mens Health ; 14(5): 1557988320957522, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938315

RESUMEN

Based on the data of the 2015 China General Social Survey (CGSS), this article empirically analyzed the influence of gender concept, work pressure, and work flexibility on work-family conflict (work interfering family (WIF) and family interfering work (FIW)) from three perspectives (gender, age, and urban and rural areas in China) and tested its significance. The empirical results show that individuals holding the concept of gender inequality produced lower WIF and FIW, which only exists between sexual relations, older working people, and urban and rural areas. Multicultural exchange and integration only made it easier for working people under the age of 30 to accept the concept of gender equality, but it increased their WIF and FIW. Second, with the development of the economy and society of China, the work pressure of workers is the most important factor causing WIF and FIW. Lastly, in order to cope with the pressure of employment and the cost of living, it is difficult to ease the conflict between work and family.

8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 745-751, 2020 Aug 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810945

RESUMEN

Objective: To preliminarily evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic Parks procedure for chronic radiation proctopathy (CRP). Methods: A descriptive cohort study was carried out. The clinical and follow-up data of 19 patients who received laparoscopic Parks procedure due to CRP in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from July 2013 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Inclusion criteria: (1) serious late complications occurred after pelvic radiotherapy, e.g.serious intractable hematochezia (hemoglobin <70 g/L), intractable anal pain (numerical rating scale >7), rectostenosis, perforation, and fistula. (2) imaging examinations including colonoscopy, pelvic MRI and/or chest, abdomen and pelvic CT were performed before surgery to confirm the lesions. Exclusion criteria: (1) preoperative or intraoperative diagnosis of tumor recurrence; (2) only ostomy was performed after laparoscopic exploration; (3) after neoadjuvant radiotherapy for rectal cancer; (4) incomplete medical records. Surgical procedures: (1) Laparoscopic exploration: tumor recurrence was excluded, and the range of radioactive damage in the intestine was determined. Marks were made on the proximal sigmoid colon without grossly obvious edema, thickening or radioactive injuries. (2) Abdominal operation: the right mesentery of sigmoid colon and rectum was opened, inferior mesenteric vein and inferior mesenteric artery were divided and the Toldt gap was expanded inwards and cephalad. The outside of left hemicolon was freed, the gastrocolic ligament was opened, the splenic flexure was fully mobilized, and the rectum was separated from the rear, side and front to the lowest point. Then perineal operation was performed. (3) Perineal operation: the whole layer of rectum wall was cut thoroughly at 1cm below the lesion's lower margin, the space around the rectum was fully separated, the rectum and sigmoid colon was pulled out through the anus and cut off at the site of the grossly normal intestine, the diseased bowel was removed and a coloanal anastomosis was made. (4) A protective stoma was performed. Conditions of operation, complication and symptom relief were summarized. A descriptive statistic method was used to analyze the results. Results: All the 19 patients were female with a median age of 53 (interquartiles, 50, 56) years old, of whom 18 patients had primary cervical cancer. Surgical indications: 9 cases were rectovaginal fistula; 9 cases were intractable anal pain, among whom 7 were complicated with deep rectal ulcer; and 1 case was intractable hematochezia with deep rectal ulcer. Eighteen cases completed laparoscopic Parks procedure, while 1 case was converted to laparotomy. The median operative time was 215 (131, 270) minutes, the median bleeding volume was 50 (50, 100) ml, and the median hospital stay was 12 (11, 20) days. There was no perioperative death. Ten cases had postoperative complications, including 3 cases of serious complications (CD grade IIIb and above) within 30 days after operation, of whom one case developed pelvic infection caused by rectovaginal, rectovesical and rectourethral fistula and acute renal failure (IVa); 2 cases developed orifice prolapse and parastomal hernia (IIIb). Seven cases had anastomosis-related complications, including 4 cases of grade A anastomotic leakage and 3 cases of anastomotic stenosis. Symptoms of CRP in the whole group were significantly relieved or disappeared after one year of the operation. Five cases achieved stoma closure. Conclusions: Laparoscopic Parks procedure for chronic radiation proctopathy is safe and feasible, and can effectively improve symptoms. However, the incidence of anastomotic complications is high, so the surgical indications should be strictly controlled.


Asunto(s)
Laparoscopía , Traumatismos por Radiación , Enfermedad Crónica , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias del Recto , Estudios Retrospectivos
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(30): 2367-2371, 2020 Aug 11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791813

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the screening results of breast cancer in rural women in Fujian Province from 2015 to 2018, and to explore the screening mode of breast cancer. Methods: Breast cancer screening was provided for 35-64 years old rural women in Fujian province. Color Doppler ultrasound was used as the primary screening method. Suspected patients were referred to mammography. Color Doppler ultrasound and breast X -ray 4-5 grade were diagnosed by pathology. Results: The incidence of breast cancer from 2015 to 2018 was 56.96/10 million, 94.41/10 million, 71.61/10 million, and 73.05/10 million, respectively. And the peak age of breast cancer was (46-55) years. From 2015 to 2018, the proportion of cancer in situ showed an overall upward trend. The sensitivity of color Doppler ultrasound was 79.06%, and the sensitivity of mammography for those diagnosed abnormally by ultrasound was 91.88%. Conclusion: Breast cancer screening for women of the right age is an important measure to raise the rate of early diagnosis and early treatment and reduce the mortality of breast cancer. Screening mode based on breast ultrasound is the most suitable technology. We need to further expand the coverage of screening, improve the screening system and process, and ensure the health of women.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Detección Precoz del Cáncer , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Mamografía , Tamizaje Masivo , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ultrasonografía Mamaria
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(11): 5946-5952, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572907

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) CDKN2BAS in aggravating the progression of ovarian cancer via binding growth arrest-specific 6 (GAS6). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The relative levels of CDKN2BAS and GAS6 in ovarian cancer and normal ovarian tissues were detected. In addition, their levels in ovarian cancer cases with different FIGO stages and pathological grades were detected. Pearson correlation test was applied for assessing the correlation between CDKN2BAS and GAS6 levels in ovarian cancer tissues. The roles of CDKN2BAS and GAS6 in mediating proliferative and migratory potentials in HEY and SKOV-3 cells were examined by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and transwell assay, respectively. Subcellular distribution of CDKN2BAS was explored. CDKN2BAS-GAS6 interaction was evaluated by RIP (RNA immunoprecipitation) assay. RESULTS: CDKN2BAS was upregulated in ovarian cancer tissues, especially those with advanced FIGO stage and high pathological grade. It displayed diagnostic potential in ovarian cancer. CDKN2BAS level was positively correlated to that of GAS6 in ovarian cancer tissues. It was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm and could be interacted with GAS6. The overexpression of CDKN2BAS enhanced proliferative and migratory potentials in HEY and SKOV-3 cells. The knockdown of GAS6 partially abolished the regulatory effects of CDKN2BAS on promoting proliferative and migratory potentials in ovarian cancer. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA CDKN2BAS is upregulated in ovarian cancer. By positively interacting with GAS6, CDKN2BAS triggers the progression of ovarian cancer.

11.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(5): 434-440, 2020 May 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536061

RESUMEN

Objective: To compare the economic characteristics of the four artificial liver models [plasma exchange, half-dose plasma exchange combined with double plasma adsorption (DPMAS), pre-equal amount of plasma exchange followed by DPMAS, and pre-DPMAS followed by equal amount of plasma exchange] in the treatment of liver failure. Methods: A decision tree model was established with the Treeage pro 2011 software. The cost-effectiveness ratio and incremental cost-effectiveness value of four different treatment modalities were calculated and compared in patients with liver failure at early, mid and late stages, respectively. The sensitivity analysis of the model was performed using data from the preliminary research results of these groups. Results: The cost-effectiveness ratio and incremental cost-effectiveness value of patients treated with artificial liver therapy with half-dose plasma exchange combined with DPAMS plan in early stage liver failure were 89 547.79 and 34 665.34, which was lower than per capita GDP, so the increased cost had cost-effective advantages. In the middle and late stage of liver failure, the cost-effectiveness ratio and incremental cost-effectiveness value of pre-DPMAS followed by equal plasma exchange plan was 122 865.5 and 284 334.97, and 70 744.55 and 75 299.48, respectively, which was less than three times of per capita GDP. The increased cost was acceptable and had economic advantages. The sensitivity analysis results showed that the basic analysis results were reliable. Conclusion: Half-dose plasma exchange combined with DPAMS plan is the most cost-effective treatment for early liver failure, while pre-DPMAS followed by equal plasma exchange plan is the most economical treatment for mid and late stage liver failure.


Asunto(s)
Fallo Hepático , Hígado Artificial , Intercambio Plasmático , Adsorción , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Humanos , Fallo Hepático/economía , Fallo Hepático/terapia , Intercambio Plasmático/economía
12.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(4): 246-252, 2020 Apr 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375431

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the correlation between prenatal clinical data with etiological diagnosis and neonatal outcome in isolated fetal ascites. Methods: Totally, 36 pregnancy cases diagnosed as isolated fetal ascites by ultrasound in Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from June 22nd, 2016 to September 28th, 2018 were collected. Invasive prenatal diagnosis was performed by taking fetal cord blood, amniotic fluid, and fetal ascites respectively for cytogenetics, molecular genetics and biochemical examination and the impact of intrauterine therapeutic procedures on neonatal outcomes was evaluated as well. The correlation among prenatal examination, pathogeny and prognosis was analyzed by Fisher's exact test. Results: (1) The prognosis of isolated fetal ascites initially presenting ≥28 weeks was better than that before 28 weeks, survival rate of 1-year-old were 13/15 and 9/17,respectively, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). (2) The etiologic diagnosis rate of ascites before delivery was 31%(11/36), which increased to 53%(19/36) totally after birth. Characteristics of cases which were defined prenatally were as follows: 8 cases of digestive tract diseases showed ultrasonic abnormalities, including echogenic bowel, bowel dilatation and polyhydramnios; platelet level in umbilical cord blood of fetuses infected with cytomegalovirus were below 100 × 10(9)/L in 2 cases; 1 case of urinary system malformation showed megalocystis and hydronephrosis. Cases which were defined causes after birth included: 3 fetuses with chyloperitonium presented persistent fetal ascites; 3 cases of digestive-related causes were rectal duplication with infection, mesentery stenosis, and intestinal atresia; other causes included Pierre-Robin syndrome and Budd-Chiari syndrome. (3) The live birth rate was 72% (26/36) and survival rate of 1-year-old was 61% (22/36). And 9/10 of infants who underwent surgeries got good outcomes. Fetal ascites due to abdominal or pelvic factors turned well in 13/16 of cases. Conclusions: The pregnancy outcome of fetal isolated ascites depends mainly on primary causes. Gastrointestinal abnormality is one of the most common causes. Excluded intrauterine infection, chromosomal abnormality and abnormal systemic ultrasonic findings, fetus with reduced ascites as the pregnancy progresses will get good outcome.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos de los Cromosomas , Ascitis/diagnóstico por imagen , Femenino , Enfermedades Fetales/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Lactante , Embarazo , Resultado del Embarazo , Diagnóstico Prenatal , Ultrasonografía Prenatal
13.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(4): 260-266, 2020 Apr 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340415

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the mechanism of 14-3-3σgene in regulating inflammatory response of human pulmonary epithelial cells induced by endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods: (1) Cells of human normal pulmonary epithelial cell line BEAS-2B cultured in logarithmic growth period were collected and divided into control group and PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup using the random number table, with 3 wells in each group. Cells in control group were transfected with empty plasmid, and cells in PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup were transfected with PCMV6-14-3-3σplasmid. The protein expression of 14-3-3σin cell was detected by Western blotting at 48 hours after transfection. (2) Cells of human normal pulmonary epithelial cell line BEAS-2B cultured in logarithmic growth period were collected and divided into control group, PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup, PCMV6-14-3-3σ+ LPS group, and LPS group using the random number table, with 3 wells in each group. Cells in control group were transfected with empty plasmid for 42 hours. Cells in PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup were transfected with PCMV6-14-3-3σplasmid for 42 hours. Cells in PCMV6-14-3-3σ+ LPS group were stimulated with 1 µg/mL LPS (the same final mass concentration below) for 6 hours after being transfected with PCMV6-14-3-3σplasmid for 42 hours. Cells in LPS group were stimulated by LPS for 6 hours. The protein expressions of Bax and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) were detected by Western blotting, and the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2 was calculated. Apoptotic rate was detected by flow cytometry. The mRNA expressions of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 1beta (IL-1ß) in cells were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction technique. Content of TNF-α and IL-1ß in cell culture supernatant was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Data were statistically analyzed with t test, one-way analysis of variance, and least significant difference test. Results: (1) At 48 hours after transfection, the protein expression of 14-3-3σin cells of PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup (1.05±0.03) was significantly higher than that in control group (0.78±0.04, t=5.41, P<0.01). (2) Compared with those in control group, the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2, apoptotic rate, mRNA expressions of TNF-α and IL-1ß, and content of TNF-α and IL-1ß in cell supernatant in PCMV6-14-3-3σgroup showed no significant difference (P>0.05); the above-mentioned indexes of cells in LPS group were significantly higher or increased (P<0.01). Compared with those in LPS group, the above-mentioned indexes of cells in PCMV6-14-3-3σ+ LPS group were significantly lower or decreased (P<0.01). Conclusions: 14-3-3σis a key factor in regulating apoptosis. It can alleviate the LPS-induced inflammatory responses by regulating the ratio of apoptotic regulators Bax to Bcl-2 and inhibiting apoptosis of human pulmonary epithelial cells.


Asunto(s)
Células Epiteliales , Endotoxinas , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta , Lipopolisacáridos , Pulmón , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 3254-3266, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271443

RESUMEN

Studies have begun to show that muscles and bones play a role in the regulation of biological functions through a combination of biomechanical and biochemical signals. In vivo and ex vivo imaging techniques are crucial in the understanding of the morphology and architecture of muscle and bone for further understanding of musculoskeletal physiology and pathophysiology. This systematic review of the literature summarizes current knowledge and outlines new insights into the functions of muscle and bone elucidated by imaging techniques, with a focus on the recent advances in the musculoskeletal system enabled by novel technologies, such as CLARITY, Fast Free-of-Acrylamide Clearing Tissue (FACT), computed tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography (PET). This may serve as guidance for the development of new strategies to prevent and diagnose motor or metabolism disorders related to the malfunction of muscle and bone.

15.
Colorectal Dis ; 22(9): 1189-1194, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057167

RESUMEN

AIM: After extended left colectomy, traditional colorectal anastomosis is often not feasible because of insufficient length of the remaining colon to perform a tension-free anastomosis. Total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis could be an alternative but this can lead to unsatisfactory quality of life. Trans-mesenteric colorectal anastomosis or inverted right colonic transposition (the so-called Deloyers procedure) are two possible solutions for creating a tension-free colorectal anastomosis after extended left colectomy. Few studies have reported their results of these two techniques and mostly via laparotomy. The aim of this study was to describe the trans-mesenteric colorectal anastomosis and the inverted right colonic transposition procedure via a laparoscopic approach and report the outcome in a series of 13 consecutive patients. METHOD: This was retrospective chart review of laparoscopic colorectal surgery with trans-mesenteric colorectal anastomosis or the inverted right colonic transposition procedure from January 2015 up to 2019. An accompanying video demonstrates these two techniques. RESULTS: Thirteen consecutive patients underwent either a laparoscopic trans-mesenteric colorectal anastomosis (n = 9) or an inverted right colonic transposition procedure (n = 4). One patient had intra-operative presacral bleeding that was stopped successfully without conversion. Two patients had a postoperative intra-abdominal abscess, but no anastomotic complications were recorded. The median number of bowel movements per day after 6 months was 2 (range 2-5). CONCLUSIONS: Trans-mesenteric colorectal anastomosis or the inverted right colonic transposition procedure is feasible laparoscopically. The now well-established classical advantages of the laparoscopic approach are associated with good functional outcome after these procedures.

16.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 730-735, 2019 Nov 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752454

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for selective fetal reduction in complex multiple pregnancies and analyze factors affecting perinatal outcomes. Methods: This was a retrospective case series of 156 patients undergoing selective fetal reduction by RFA in Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from July 22th, 2011 to September 12th, 2018. They were divided into five groups according to surgical indications, including 46 cases in the monochorionic twins discordant for fetal anomalies group, 42 cases in the multiple pregnancies for reducing fetal numbers group, 40 cases in the twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) group, 24 cases in the selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) group and 4 cases in the twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAPS) group. According to the gestational age at surgery, patients were divided into two groups: the gestational age at surgery <20 weeks group (75 cases) and the gestational age at surgery≥20 weeks group (81 cases). According to the cycles of RFA required for surgery, patients were divided into two groups: one cycle group (124 cases) and ≥2 cycles group (32 cases). Basic information of patients, surgical process, postoperative complications and pregnancy outcomes were recorded. The growth and development of survival newborns were also followed up. Factors affecting perinatal outcomes were analyzed. Results: (1) The median gestational age at procedure of 156 patients was 20 weeks (14(+5)- 29(+1) weeks). The median cycles of RFA was 1 cycle (1-3 cycles), of which one cycle accounted for 79.5% (124/156). (2) Eleven (7.1%, 11/156) patients experienced intrauterine fetal death, 27 (17.3%, 27/156) patients miscarried, and the overall survival rate was 75.6% (118/156). Premature birth rate before 34 weeks was 19.5% (23/118). There were 129 neonates. The median gestational age at delivery was 37(+3) weeks (28(+2)- 41(+1) weeks) with a mean birth weight of (2 657±700) g. (3) Analysis of pregnancy outcomes based on surgical indications found that, the gestational age at delivery [38 weeks (30(+1)-41(+1) weeks), 36(+4) weeks (29- 39 weeks), 36(+4) weeks (28(+2)-39(+5) weeks), 38 weeks (31-39(+6) weeks), 38(+3) weeks (30(+4)-38(+4) weeks)] and neonatal birth weight [(2 820±671), (2 435±416), (2 497±843), (2 998±718), (2 517±1 087) g] were significantly different among fetal anomalies group, reducing fetal numbers group, TTTS group, sIUGR group and TRAPS group, respectively (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the pregnancy outcomes between gestational age at surgery <20 weeks group and gestational age at surgery ≥20 weeks group, or between one cycle group and ≥2 cycles group, respectively (all P>0.05). Conclusions: RFA is a safe and effective procedure in treating complex monochorionic multiple pregnancies. Surgical indications would affect the gestational age at delivery and neonatal outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Ablación por Catéter/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Transfusión Feto-Fetal/cirugía , Reducción de Embarazo Multifetal/métodos , Embarazo Gemelar , Ablación por Radiofrecuencia/métodos , Femenino , Edad Gestacional , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Embarazo , Resultado del Embarazo , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Gemelos Monocigóticos
17.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(11): 1034-1040, 2019 Nov 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770834

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of surgical treatment for chronic radiation intestinal injury. Methods: A descriptive cohort study was performed. Clinical data of 73 patients with definite radiation history and diagnosed clinically as chronic radiation intestinal injury, undergoing operation at Department of Colorectal Surgery, the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 1, 2012 to February 28, 2019, were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. Patients did not undergo operation or only received adhesiolysis were excluded. All the patients had preoperative examination and overall evaluation of the disease. According to severity of intestinal obstruction and patients' diet, corresponding nutritional support and conservative treatment were given. Surgical methods: The one-stage bowel resection and anastomosis was the first choice for surgical treatment of chronic radiation intestinal injury. Patients with poor nutritional condition were given enterostomy and postoperative enteral nutrition and second-stage stoma closure and intestinal anastomosis if nutritional condition improved. For those who were unable to perform stoma closure, a permanent stoma should be performed. Patients with severe abdominal adhesion which was difficult to separate, enterostomy or bypass surgery after adhesiolysis would be the surgical choice. For patients with tumor metastasis or recurrence, enterostomy or bypass surgery should be selected. Observation parameters: the overall and major (Clavien-Dindo grades III to V) postoperative complication within 30 days after surgery or during hospitalization; mortality within postoperative 30 days; postoperative hospital stay; time to postoperative recovery of enteral nutrition; time to removal of drainage tube. Results: Of the 73 patients who had been enrolled in this study, 10 were male and 63 were female with median age of 54 (range, 34-80) years. Preoperative evaluation showed that 61 patients had intestinal stenosis, 63 had intestinal obstruction, 11 had intestinal perforation, 20 had intestinal fistula, 3 had intestinal bleeding, and 6 had abdominal abscess, of whom 64(87.7%) patients had multiple complications. Tumor recurrence or metastasis was found in 15 patients. A total of 65(89.0%) patients received preoperative nutritional support, of whom 35 received total parenteral nutrition and 30 received partial parenteral nutrition. The median preoperative nutritional support duration was 8.5 (range, 6.0-16.2) days. The rate of one-stage intestine resection was 69.9% (51/73), and one-stage enterostomy was 23.3% (17/73). In the 51 patients undergoing bowel resection, the average length of resected bowel was (50.3±49.1) cm. Among the 45 patients with intestinal anastomosis, 4 underwent manual anastomosis and 41 underwent stapled anastomosis; 36 underwent side-to-side anastomosis, 5 underwent end-to-side anastomosis, and 4 underwent end-to-end anastomosis. Eighty postoperative complications occurred in 39 patients and the overall postoperative complication rate was 53.4% (39/73), including 39 moderate to severe complications (Clavien-Dindo grade III-V) in 20 patients (27.4%, 20/73) and postoperative anastomotic leakage in 2 patients (2.7%, 2/73). The mortality within postoperative 30 days was 2.7% (2/73); both patients died of abdominal infection, septic shock, and multiple organ failure caused by anastomotic leakage. The median postoperative hospital stay was 13 (11, 23) days, the postoperative enteral nutrition time was (7.2±6.9) days and the postoperative drainage tube removal time was (6.3±4.2) days. Conclusions: Surgical treatment, especially one-stage anastomosis, is safe and feasible for chronic radiation intestine injury. Defining the extent of bowel resection, rational selection of the anatomic position of the anastomosis and perioperative nutritional support treatment are the key to reduce postoperative complications.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Intestinales/cirugía , Traumatismos por Radiación/cirugía , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Anastomosis Quirúrgica/efectos adversos , Fuga Anastomótica/etiología , Enfermedad Crónica , Enterostomía , Femenino , Humanos , Enfermedades Intestinales/etiología , Intestinos/efectos de la radiación , Intestinos/cirugía , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Evaluación Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Traumatismos por Radiación/complicaciones , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
Opt Lett ; 44(23): 5816-5819, 2019 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774787

RESUMEN

We have proposed an artificial modulation-free Pound-Drever-Hall (PDH) method for laser frequency stabilization and demonstrated it via two-color polarization spectroscopy of Rydberg electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) resonance in a room-temperature rubidium vapor. Due to the unique error signal profile, the conventional PDH method owns a large capture range in laser frequency locking. Here we manually construct a PDH error signal via a linear combination of polarization spectroscopies of the Rydberg EIT resonances without and with a magnetic field applied. The artificial modulation-free PDH error signal owns a subnatural linewidth dispersion curve as well as a large capture range with which we successfully stabilize the laser to an absolute atomic frequency reference in a long running time, immune to environmental fluctuation and even manmade impulse perturbation. This method can provide an absolute frequency reference based on atomic transition while keeping similar locking ability to provide corrections for frequency fluctuations over a broad bandwidth as the conventional PDH.

19.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(10): 767-773, 2019 Oct 02.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594063

RESUMEN

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics, treatment response and prognostic factors of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in children. Methods: The clinical characteristics such as age at diagnosis, primary tumor site, tumor size, pathological type, clinical stage, and risk grouping of 213 RMS patients (140 males and 73 females) treated in Hematology Oncology Center of Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, from May 2006 to June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics, overall survival (OS), event free survival (EFS) and prognostic factors of children treated with the Beijing Children's Hospital-Rhabdomyosarcoma (BCH-RMS) regimen were analyzed. Survival data were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and single factor analysis was performed by Log-Rank test. Results: The diagnostic age of 213 cases was 48.0 months (ranged 3.0-187.5 months), of which 136 cases (63.8%) were younger than 10 years old. The head and neck region was the most common primary site of tumor (30%, 64 cases), followed by the genitourinary tract (26.8%, 57 cases). Among pathological subtypes, embryonal RMS accounted for 71.4% (152 cases), while alveolar RMS and anaplastic RMS accounted for only 26.8% (57 cases) and 1.9% (4 cases), respectively. According to the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Group (IRS), IRS-Ⅲ and Ⅳ accounted for 85.0% (181 cases) of all RMS patients. In all patients, 9.4% (20 cases) patients were divided in to low-risk group, 52.1% (111 cases) patients in to intermediate -risk group, 25.8% (55 cases) patients in to high-risk group, and 12.7% (27 cases) patients in to the central nervous system invasion group, respectively. All patients with RMS received chemotherapy. The cycles of chemotherapy were 13.5 (ranged 5.0-18.0) for patients without event occurrence, while 14.2 (ranged 3.0-30.0) for patients with event occurrence. Among the 213 patients, 200 patients had surgical operation, of whom 103 patients underwent surgery before chemotherapy and 97 patients at the end of chemotherapy, 21 patients had secondary surgical resection. Radiotherapy was performed in 114 patients. The follow-up time was 23.0 months (ranged 0.5-151.0 months) . There were 98 patients with relapsed or progressed disease and 67 patients with death. The median time to progression was 10 months, of which 67 (68.4%) relapse occurred within 1 year and no recurrence occurred after follow-up for more than 5 years. The 3-year EFS and 5-year EFS were (52±4) % and (48±4) %, while the 3-year OS and 5-year OS were (65±4) % and (64±4) % by survival analysis. The 5-year OS of the low-risk, intermediate-risk, the high-risk were 100%, (74±5) %, (48±8) %, and the 2-year OS of the central nervous system invasion group was (36±11) % (χ(2)=33.52, P<0.01). The 5-year EFS of the low-risk, intermediate-risk, the high-risk were (93±6) %, (51±5) %, (36±7) % and the 2-year EFS of the central nervous system invasion group was (31±10) % (χ(2)=24.73, P<0.01) . Survival factor analysis suggested that the OS of children was correlated with age(χ(2)=4.16, P=0.038), tumor TNM stage (χ(2)=22.02, P=0.001), IRS group (χ(2)=4.49, P<0.01) and the risk group (χ(2)=33.52, P<0.01). Conclusions: This study showed that the median age of newly diagnosed RMS patients was 4 years. The head and neck and the genitourinary tract were the most common primary origin of RMS. The OS was low in single-center RMS children. The median time to recurrence was 10 months, and recurrence was rare 3 years later.


Asunto(s)
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/terapia , Rabdomiosarcoma/diagnóstico , Rabdomiosarcoma/terapia , Neoplasias Urogenitales/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Urogenitales/terapia , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Terapia Combinada , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Femenino , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/mortalidad , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/patología , Humanos , Masculino , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Rabdomiosarcoma/mortalidad , Rabdomiosarcoma/patología , Rabdomiosarcoma Alveolar , Rabdomiosarcoma Embrionario , Análisis de Supervivencia , Neoplasias Urogenitales/mortalidad , Neoplasias Urogenitales/patología
20.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 666-672, 2019 Sep 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474058

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the status of domestic surgical treatment of synchronous peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer in China. Methods: Clinicopathological data of patients who underwent surgery from October 2003 to October 2018 in 16 domestic medical centers was retrospectively analyzed. Excel database was created which covered 77 fields of 7 parts: baseline information of patients, laboratory tests, imaging tests, chemoradiotherapy information, intra-operative findings, postoperative pathology and follow-up data. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for comparison of the measurement data between groups. The χ(2) test was used for comparison of the categorical data between groups. The survival curve was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Of the 1 003 patients, there were 575 male and 428 female patients with the age of (58.5±14.1) years (range: 18 to 92 years). In a total of 920 patients, the carcinoma of sigmoid colon was performed in 292 cases (31.8%) with the highest ratio. The proportion of patients with liver metastasis and lung metastasis were 27.9% (219/784) and 8.3% (64/769). Preoperative detection of carcino-embryonic antigen level was the most common method in China (87.74%, 880/1 003), and the positive rate was 64.5% (568/880). The correct rate of preoperative imaging tests was 40.7% (280/688). The ratio of peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI) scores between 0 and 10 was the highest (59.6%, 170/285). Two hundred and sixty-two (27.0%) patients were performed by totally laparoscopic operation in 971 patients. The resection of primary tumor was performed in 588 of the 817 patients (72.0%). In a total of 457 cases, 253 (55.4%) patients were performed cytoreduction which group scored completeness of cytoreduction (CCR) 0. The postoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy was implemented in 70 of the 334 cases (21.0%). Among 1 003 cases, 562 cases (56.03%) had complete follow-up data and the median overall survival was 15 months. The primary tumor resection and the CCR scores were affected by the PCI scores. The patients underwent primary tumor resection (187/205 vs. 26/80, χ(2)=105.085, P=0.000) and the patients were performed cytoreduction which scored CCR 0 or CCR 1 (162/204 vs. 8/78, Z=-10.465, P=0.000) had significant difference between the groups of PCI<20 and ≥20. There was a close correlation between the surgical method and the CCR scores (Z=-3.246,P=0.001).When the maximum degree of tumor reduction was planned, most surgeons would choose laparotomy. The overall survival time was longer in patients with primary tumor resection (P=0.000). The median survival time was 18.6 months in the group of primary tumor resection. Conclusions: It is difficult to diagnose the synchronous peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer before the operation. Primary tumor resection has an obvious effect to prolong the survival time. It is necessary to standardize the treatment of peritoneal metastasis.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales/patología , Neoplasias Primarias Múltiples/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Primarias Múltiples/terapia , Neoplasias Peritoneales/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Peritoneales/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administración & dosificación , China , Neoplasias Colorrectales/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos de Citorreducción , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertermia Inducida , Laparoscopía , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Peritoneales/mortalidad , Neoplasias Peritoneales/secundario , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tasa de Supervivencia , Adulto Joven
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA