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1.
Transfusion ; 2020 Jul 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627216

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The lack of effective treatments against the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has led to the exploratory use of convalescent plasma for treating COVID-19. Case reports and case series have shown encouraging results. This study investigated SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and epidemiological characteristics in convalescent plasma donors, to identify criteria for donor selection. METHODS: Recovered COVID-19 patients, aged 18-55 years, who had experienced no symptoms for more than 2 weeks, were recruited. Donor characteristics such as disease presentations were collected and SARS-CoV-2 N-specific IgM, IgG, and S-RBD-specific IgG levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Whereas levels of N-specific IgM antibody declined after recovery, S-RBD-specific and N-specific IgG antibodies increased after 4 weeks from the onset of symptoms, with no significant correlation to age, sex, or ABO blood type. Donors with the disease presentation of fever exceeding 38.5°C or lasting longer than 3 days exhibited higher levels of S-RBD-specific IgG antibodies at the time of donation. Of the 49 convalescent plasma donors, 90% had an S-RBD-specific IgG titer of ≥1:160 and 78% had a titer of ≥1:640 at the time of plasma donation. Of the 30 convalescent plasma donors, who had donated plasma later than 28 days after the onset of symptoms and had a disease presentation of fever lasting longer than 3 days or a body temperature exceeding 38.5°C, 100% had an S-RBD-specific IgG titer of ≥1:160 and 93% had a titer of ≥1:640. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that the S-RBD-specific IgG antibody reaches higher levels after 4 weeks from the onset of COVID-19 symptoms. We recommend the following selection criteria for optimal donation of COVID-19 convalescent plasma: 28 days after the onset of symptoms and with a disease presentation of fever lasting longer than 3 days or a body temperature exceeding 38.5°C. Selection based on these criteria can ensure a high likelihood of achieving sufficiently high S-RBD-specific IgG titers.

2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3292, 2020 Jul 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620924

RESUMEN

N-doping plays an irreplaceable role in controlling the electron concentration of organic semiconductors thus to improve performance of organic semiconductor devices. However, compared with many mature p-doping methods, n-doping of organic semiconductor is still of challenges. In particular, dopant stability/processability, counterion-semiconductor immiscibility and doping induced microstructure non-uniformity have restricted the application of n-doping in high-performance devices. Here, we report a computer-assisted screening approach to rationally design of a triaminomethane-type dopant, which exhibit extremely high stability and strong hydride donating property due to its thermally activated doping mechanism. This triaminomethane derivative shows excellent counterion-semiconductor miscibility (counter cations stay with the polymer side chains), high doping efficiency and uniformity. By using triaminomethane, we realize a record n-type conductivity of up to 21 S cm-1 and power factors as high as 51 µW m-1 K-2 even in films with thicknesses over 10 µm, and we demonstrate the first reported all-polymer thermoelectric generator.

3.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 520, 2020 Jun 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503451

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: According to the proportion of glandular and squamous pathological components, adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) could be divided into adenocarcinoma (AC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) predominant subtypes. Due to its rarity, no study investigating the impact of different subtypes on the clinical features, radiologic findings and prognosis characteristics of ASC has been reported. METHODS: Sixty eight patients who underwent surgical resection for lung adenosquamous carcinoma in our institute between January 2006 and March 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Data regarding the clinical features, radiologic findings and prognosis characteristics were collected. RESULTS: Thirty nine patients of the study cohort were with AC-predominant ASC and 29 with SCC-predominant ASC. There was no significant difference between the two subgroups in age, gender, smoking history, serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level and T,N classification. Air bronchogram was found more frequently in AC-predominant ASC than in SCC-predominant ASC (P = 0.046). Multivariate analysis identified pathological subtype (P = 0.022) and CT findings of peripheral location (P = 0.009) to be independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: AC-predominant ASC were more commonly presented with air bronchogram, and were with a better prognosis than SCC-predominant ASC.

4.
J Burn Care Res ; 2020 Jun 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32514559

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Marjolin's ulcer is a rare malignant lesion, which is characterized by primary, chronic wound initially and formation of cancer after a certain incubation period eventually. Though few reports or a small case series about Marjolin's ulcer on the scalp have been published, special risk factors are still unknown about the formation of malignancy on the scalp with chronic ulcer. The aim of the article is to explore the risk factors. METHODS: Seventy-four patients with the chronic ulcer were included in the study. In between, the chronic ulcer transformed into the Marjolin's ulcer on the scalp (tumor group) in forty-two cases, while the chronic ulcer did not transform into the Marjolin's ulcer on the scalp (tumor-free group) in thirty-two cases as controlled group. We made a comparative study between the above two groups so as to find which risk factors were critical for cancer development. RESULTS: In tumor group: lymph node dissection was implemented if the lymph node metastasis was found. Artificial dura was used in eight cases when the dura was removed. Seven cases died. Two patients are currently undergoing follow-up. Other cases were without tumor detection from 1 to 7 years. When the comparative study between the above two groups, there is statistical significance about the influential factor: scar adherence to the skull (F=5.602 P=0.018). CONCLUSIONS: Scar adherence to the skull may be the most critical risk factor for cancer development for the scalp with chronic ulcer.

5.
J Nephrol ; 2020 Jun 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524521

RESUMEN

The pathogenesis of idiopathic membranous nephropathy is associated with autoantibodies, most often against the phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) and with genetic factors, especially those involving human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes. Idiopathic membranous nephropathy is not a typical inherited Mendelian disorder. Reports of idiopathic membranous nephropathy in twins are rare. Herein, we report on two twin sisters diagnosed with PLA2R-associated idiopathic membranous nephropathy. We identified the HLA-DRB1*0301, HLA-DRB1*1501, and HLA-DQB1*0602 alleles in the twin sisters, which were reported as independent risk alleles for idiopathic membranous nephropathy in the Asian population. This case report provides novel evidence for the role of predisposing HLA alleles in the pathogenesis of idiopathic membranous nephropathy.

6.
JAMA ; 2020 Jun 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492084

RESUMEN

Importance: Convalescent plasma is a potential therapeutic option for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but further data from randomized clinical trials are needed. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of convalescent plasma therapy for patients with COVID-19. Design, Setting, and Participants: Open-label, multicenter, randomized clinical trial performed in 7 medical centers in Wuhan, China, from February 14, 2020, to April 1, 2020, with final follow-up April 28, 2020. The trial included 103 participants with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 that was severe (respiratory distress and/or hypoxemia) or life-threatening (shock, organ failure, or requiring mechanical ventilation). The trial was terminated early after 103 of a planned 200 patients were enrolled. Intervention: Convalescent plasma in addition to standard treatment (n = 52) vs standard treatment alone (control) (n = 51), stratified by disease severity. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcome was time to clinical improvement within 28 days, defined as patient discharged alive or reduction of 2 points on a 6-point disease severity scale (ranging from 1 [discharge] to 6 [death]). Secondary outcomes included 28-day mortality, time to discharge, and the rate of viral polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results turned from positive at baseline to negative at up to 72 hours. Results: Of 103 patients who were randomized (median age, 70 years; 60 [58.3%] male), 101 (98.1%) completed the trial. Clinical improvement occurred within 28 days in 51.9% (27/52) of the convalescent plasma group vs 43.1% (22/51) in the control group (difference, 8.8% [95% CI, -10.4% to 28.0%]; hazard ratio [HR], 1.40 [95% CI, 0.79-2.49]; P = .26). Among those with severe disease, the primary outcome occurred in 91.3% (21/23) of the convalescent plasma group vs 68.2% (15/22) of the control group (HR, 2.15 [95% CI, 1.07-4.32]; P = .03); among those with life-threatening disease the primary outcome occurred in 20.7% (6/29) of the convalescent plasma group vs 24.1% (7/29) of the control group (HR, 0.88 [95% CI, 0.30-2.63]; P = .83) (P for interaction = .17). There was no significant difference in 28-day mortality (15.7% vs 24.0%; OR, 0.65 [95% CI, 0.29-1.46]; P = .30) or time from randomization to discharge (51.0% vs 36.0% discharged by day 28; HR, 1.61 [95% CI, 0.88-2.93]; P = .12). Convalescent plasma treatment was associated with a negative conversion rate of viral PCR at 72 hours in 87.2% of the convalescent plasma group vs 37.5% of the control group (OR, 11.39 [95% CI, 3.91-33.18]; P < .001). Two patients in the convalescent plasma group experienced adverse events within hours after transfusion that improved with supportive care. Conclusion and Relevance: Among patients with severe or life-threatening COVID-19, convalescent plasma therapy added to standard treatment, compared with standard treatment alone, did not result in a statistically significant improvement in time to clinical improvement within 28 days. Interpretation is limited by early termination of the trial, which may have been underpowered to detect a clinically important difference. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR2000029757.

7.
Arch Virol ; 2020 Jun 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524263

RESUMEN

Various strains of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) cause different forms of infectious bronchitis with different clinical signs. Here, primary chicken embryo kidney (CEK) cells and specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chickens were infected with three pathogenic IBV strains, and it was observed that the TLR7-MYD88 pathway was inhibited but the TLR3-TIRF pathway was activated. After treatment with poly(I:C)-LMW, poly (I:C)-LMW/LyoVec, and Imiquimod, the replication of IBV was significantly suppressed after 24 h. However, treatment with TLR3 pathway inhibitors such as Pepinh-TRIF, celastrol, chloroquine, and BX795 resulted in increased replication of IBV after 36 h. These results also showed that chloroquine and celastrol were most effective inhibitors of the antiviral response at 48 hpi.

8.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-11, 2020 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530720

RESUMEN

Few studies in China focused on serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae in patients with invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). We aimed at investigating the serotype distribution for IPD-causing S. pneumoniae and vaccine coverage among Chinese children and adults. This was a multicenter, observational study to collect S. pneumoniae isolates from normal sterile sites and IPD-related clinical information among children and adults. Serotyping was performed by a Capsule-Quellung reaction test using type-specific antisera. The study collected a total of 300 eligible isolates (pediatric = 148, adult = 152) were serotyped in a central laboratory. The most prevalent serotypes were 19A (20.9%) and 23 F (20.3%) in the pediatric group; 3 (21.7%) and 19 F (11.8%) in the adult group. PCV10 had low-to-moderate serotype coverage rates for children (60.8%) and adults (34.2%). PCV13 and PPV23 had high coverage rates for children (89.9%, 93.2%) and adults (70.4%, 82.9%), respectively, Investigational PCVs including PCV15 and PCV20 had high estimated coverage rates in children (89.9%, 93.9%). The study identified 269 subjects with IPD reported as the primary diagnosis in the medical records. Sepsis (48/136, 35.3%) and pneumonia (48/133, 36.1%) had the highest occurrence in the pediatric and adult groups, respectively. Study findings showed that non-PCV7 S. pneumoniae 19A and 3 were the most prevalent serotypes in Chinese children and adults, respectively. High-valent vaccines had similar coverage rates and may have a greater potential in preventing IPD.

9.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-16, 2020 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530337

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the cosmetic efficacy of transplantation of follicles with intact and unintact hair bulbs in the treatment for vitiligo. METHODS: The single-hair follicle units with intact hair bulbs and un-intact hair bulbs were transplanted into skin of vitiligo. The diameters of regrowing hair shafts and repigmentation of implanted follicles were detected analyzed by dermatoscopy (Beining BN-PFMF Skin and Hair Visualizer). RESULTS: The survival rates of follicles with intact and unintact hair bulbs were 50.62% and 60.00%, respectively. The average diameters of hair shafts and repigmentation of the two groups were 92.83 ± 7.26 µm vs 55.86 ± 2.64µm (P < 0.05), 2.62 ± 0.13 mm vs 2.63 ± 0.17 mm (P > 0.05), respectively. CONCLUSION: Single follicle transplantation was an alternative effective choice for treatment of vitiligo. The skin implanted with follicle with unintact hair bulb was less hairy.

10.
Sci Adv ; 6(25): eaba4024, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596457

RESUMEN

Autologous tumor cell-based vaccines (ATVs) are emerging as a transformable approach for personalized immunotherapy, but their therapeutic efficacy remains unsatisfying in patients with cancer. Here, we design a photodynamic therapy (PDT)-motivated ATV (P-ATV) in Fmoc-KCRGDK-phenylboronic acid (FK-PBA) hydrogel, which mobilizes local immune activation to inhibit relapse of postoperative tumors. The FK-PBA targeting overexpressed sialic acid on tumor cells can enable on-demand gelation in residue tumor areas and maintain continuous vaccination in surgical bed. Unlike neoantigen-based vaccine or adoptive cell therapy that takes several months to prepare, P-ATV can be easily manufactured within a few days and efficiently boost neoepitope-specific CD8+ T cells to activate personalized immunotherapy. This simple and powerful approach of engineered ATVs provides an alternative strategy for personalized immunotherapy and is readily transformable to various kinds of cell-based antigens to inhibit the relapse of postoperative tumors.

11.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-14, 2020 Jun 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598176

RESUMEN

We aimed to quantify and generate comprehensive evidence on the associations of different fatty acids (FAs) with the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase were searched for prospective cohort studies that examined the association between FA biomarkers and the risk of T2DM published before 18 May 2020. Random-effects meta-analyses of the effects of FA concentration on T2DM were performed. Thirty-three studies involving 95,810 adults (19,904 cases) were included. Divergent associations of different types of FAs with type 2 diabetes were observed. The pooled relative risk (RRs) of T2DM comparing the top versus the bottom tertile of saturated FAs (C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, total saturated FAs), monounsaturated FA (C16:1 n-7), polyunsaturated FA (C20:3 n-6, C22:4 n-6), and Δ-6-desaturase activities ranged from 1.19 to 1.80. Interestingly, unlike previous studies, we found a negative correlation between odd-chain saturated FAs (C15:0, C17:0), trans-FAs (trans-C16:1 n-7), total n-6, Δ-5-desaturase activities and risk of T2DM. The pooled RRs of T2DM comparing the top versus the bottom tertile of these FAs ranged from 0.62 to 0.78. No associations with T2DM were observed for the other FAs. Considerable heterogeneity was observed in our study, and no definitive conclusions can be made until further investigation has been carried out.

12.
J Spinal Cord Med ; : 1-7, 2020 Jun 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496889

RESUMEN

Context/objective: At present, there is no consensus on the most effective surgical method for treating symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Total laminectomy, which is frequently used at this time, destroys the posterior midline structure, causing many postoperative complications. We have designed a new surgical approach instead of total laminectomy. In this paper, we aimed to describe the surgical method of endoscopic modified total laminectomy for lumbar spinal stenosis as well as to explore its early efficacy.Participants: Patients with symptomatic LSS who underwent endoscopic modified total laminoplasty between August 2016 and August 2017 were eligible for our study.Outcome measures: Before surgery and one year after surgery, we measured lower limb pain and back pain by visual analog scale (VAS), disability via Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and severity of back pain according to the Japanese Orthopedic Association Score for Back Pain (JOA), while any complications were also assessed.Results: Endoscopic modified total laminoplasty was performed on 22 LSS patients, including eight males and 14 females(mean age = 59.3 ± 9.6 years). We found statistically significant differences before and one year after surgery for VAS lower limb pain and back pain, ODI and JOA scores(P < 0.001). Complications included intraoperative dural tears(n = 1),and weak fusion between the lamina and the vertebral body (n = 1).Conclusion: Endoscopic modified total laminectomy is a promising surgical approach which reduces patient suffering and improves patient quality of life.

13.
Phytother Res ; 2020 Jun 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491281

RESUMEN

Adverse effects that result from dexamethasone (DEX) use are common and serious in patients with asthma. Therefore, alternative anti-inflammatory treatments are being investigated. Isoimperatorin (ISO), an active natural furocoumarin, possesses multiple pharmacological properties, including an anti-inflammation effect. In this study, investigations were conducted on the effect of ISO on mast cell (MC) activation in vitro and whether ISO could reduce the effective dose of DEX in a mast cell-dependent murine model of asthma in vivo. Calcium imaging was used to assess intracellular Ca2+ mobilization. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the chemokines release. Western blot analysis was conducted to investigate the underlying pathway. Airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness (AHR) were examined in an asthma model. ISO inhibited Ca2+ flux and MC degranulation via Lyn/PLCγ1/PKC, ERK, and P38 MAPK pathways. In the asthma model, ISO, in combination with DEX, showed an additive inhibitory effect on AHR, inflammation, and the number of activated MCs in the lungs and decreased the levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-13, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a, and C-C motif chemokine ligand (CCL)-2 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. A combination of DEX and ISO may be appropriate if a decrease in the steroid dose is desired owing to dose-dependent adverse effects.

14.
Stem Cell Res ; 46: 101873, 2020 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534167

RESUMEN

Wilson's disease (WD) is an inherited autosomal recessive disease, which is caused by the mutation of ATP7B gene encoding copper-transporting ATPase protein. The WD patients always suffer from the excessive copper deposition in the liver and other tissues because of the dysfunction of the copper-transporting ATPase protein. In this study, we generated a patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line (ZJUi003-A), which showed normal karyotype, expressed pluripotency markers and was capable to differentiate into three germ layers.

15.
J Orthod ; : 1465312520934488, 2020 Jun 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588700

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: This case report describes the treatment of a 21-year-old man who presented in an orthodontic office for treatment but lived in a city 100 miles away and wanted the orthognathic surgery in another state in America. The patient presented with an anterior open bite and skeletal Class III relationship. METHODS: The treatment plan included: (1) effective and careful communication of the treatment plan with the patient, orthodontist and oral and maxillofacial surgeon; (2) pre-surgical alignment and levelling of the teeth in both arches with Invisalign; (3) a long-distance communication between the orthodontist and the surgeon for surgical plan with virtual surgical planning (VSP Orthognathics; 3D Systems, www.3Dsystem.com ) online; (4) maxillary advancement (LeFort I osteotomy) with mandibular set-back (bilateral sagittal split osteotomy); (5) postsurgical correction of the malocclusion with clear brackets and aligners; and (6) retention and final small tooth movement adjustments with aligners/clear retainers. RESULTS: The anterior open bite was treated, crowding was eliminated in the upper and lower anterior segment, correction of skeletal and dental Class III malocclusion was obtained, mandibular plane angle was reduced and facial profile improved. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that aesthetic and functional results can be achieved with long-distance communication of two specialties and with the combined use of clear aligners and clear fixed appliances.

16.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 314-318, 2020 Jun 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573141

RESUMEN

Tubular dentin is of great significance in the process of tooth tissue and tooth regeneration, because it is not only the structural feature of primary dentin, but also can affect the tooth sensory function, affect the differentiation of dental pulp cells and provide strong mechanical support for teeth. Scaffold is one of the three elements of tissue engineering dentin regeneration. Most experiments on dentin regeneration involve the study of the microstructure and mechanical properties of the scaffold. The microstructure and mechanical characteristics of scaffold materials have important effects on the differentiation and adhesion of odontoblast, it can directly affect the tissue structure of regenerated dentin.


Asunto(s)
Pulpa Dental , Andamios del Tejido , Diferenciación Celular , Dentina , Odontoblastos , Regeneración , Ingeniería de Tejidos
17.
Transfusion ; 2020 Jun 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491199

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A novel coronavirus has caused an international outbreak. Currently, there are no specific therapeutic agents for coronavirus infections. Convalescent plasma (CP) therapy is a potentially effective treatment option. METHODS: Patients who had recovered from COVID-19 and had been discharged from the hospital for more than two weeks were recruited. COVID-19 convalescent plasma (CCP)-specific donor screening and selection were performed based the following criteria: 1) aged 18-55 years; 2) eligible for blood donation; 3) diagnosed with COVID-19; 4) had two consecutive negative COVID-19 nasopharyngeal swab tests based on PCR (at least 24 h apart) prior to hospital discharge; 5) had been discharged from the hospital for more than 2 weeks; and 6) had no COVID-19 symptoms prior to convalescent plasma donation. In addition, preference was given to CCP donors who had a fever lasting more than 3 days or a body temperature exceeding 38.5 Celsius, and 4 weeks after the onset of symptoms. CCP collection was performed using routine plasma collection procedures via plasmapheresis. In addition to routine donor testing, the CCP donors' plasma was also tested for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid and S-RBD-specific IgG antibody. RESULTS: Of the 81 potential CCP donors, 64 (79%) plasma products were collected. There were 18 female donors and 46 male donors. There were 34 first-time blood donors and 30 repeat donors. The average time between CCP collection and initial symptom onset was 49.1 days, and the average time between CCP collection and hospital discharge was 38.7 days. The average volume of CCP collected was 327.7 ml. All Alanine transaminase ( ALT ) testing results met blood donation requirements. HIV Ag/Ab, anti-HCV, anti-syphilis and HBsAg were all negative; NAT for HIV, HBV, and HCV were also negative. In addition, all of the CCP donors' plasma units were negative for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Of the total 64 CCP donors tested, only one had an S-RBD-specific IgG titer of 1:160, all others had a titer of ≥1:320. CONCLUSION: Based on a feasibility study of a pilot CCP program in Wuhan China, we demonstrated the success and feasibility of CCP collection. In addition, all of the CCP units collected had a titer of ≥ 1:160 for S-RBD-specific IgG antibody, which met the CCP quality control requirements based on the Chinese national guidelines for CCP. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

18.
Environ Pollut ; 265(Pt B): 114873, 2020 May 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502920

RESUMEN

Accumulation and oral bioavailability of nickel (Ni) were rarely assessed for staple crops grown in high geogenic Ni soils. To assess exposure risk of geogenic Ni, soil, wheat, and rice samples were collected from a naturally high background Ni area and measured for Ni oral relative bioavailability (RBA, relative to NiSO4) using a newly developed mouse urinary Ni excretion bioassay. Results showed that soils were enriched with Ni (80.5 ± 23.0 mg kg-1, n = 58), while high Ni contents were observed in rice (2.66 ± 1.46 mg kg-1) and wheat (1.32 ± 0.78 mg kg-1) grains, with rice containing ∼2-fold higher Ni content than wheat. Ni-RBA was low in soil (14.8 ± 7.79%, n = 18), but high in wheat and rice with rice Ni-RBA (85.9 ± 19.1%, n = 9) being ∼2-fold higher than wheat (46.1 ± 21.2%, n = 16). A negative correlation (r = 0.61) was observed between Ni-RBA and iron content in rice and wheat, suggesting the low iron status of rice drives its high Ni bioavailability. The higher Ni accumulation and bioavailability for rice highlights that rice consumption was a more important contributor to daily Ni intake compared to wheat, while Ni intake from direct soil ingestion was negligible. This study suggests a potential health risk of staple crops especially rice when grown in high geogenic Ni areas.

19.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234708, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555680

RESUMEN

Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) are frequently altered in a variety of human cancer cells and are overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Several literatures have proven that they are efficacious for HCC therapy, however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we found FGFR4 was overexpressed in HCC cell lines HepG2 and Hep3B and we used PD173074, an FGFR4 inhibitor, to explore the role of FGFR4 and its underlying mechanism in these cell lines. The results showed that PD173074 significantly arrested HepG2 and Hep3B cells in G1 phase and inhibited cell proliferation. Furthermore, Western blot analysis revealed that PD173074 decreased the levels of P-FRS2α, P-ERK, CDK2, cyclin E and NF-κB (p65) in the nucleus while it increased the levels of ubiquitin and CUL3, an E3 ubiquitin ligase which involves in cyclin E degradation. Meanwhile, the data from RT-qPCR showed that PD173074 also decreased miR-141 level. In conclusion, these results suggest that FGFR4 is involved in HCC by ERK/CUL3/cyclin E signaling pathway, and the finding may provide a potential theoretical basis for treatment by targeting FGFR4 in HCC.

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