Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.284
Filtrar
1.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797874

RESUMEN

The application of metabolomics in translational research suffers from several technological bottlenecks, such as data reproducibility issues and the lack of standardization of sample profiling procedures. Here, we report an automated high-throughput metabolite array technology that can rapidly and quantitatively determine 324 metabolites including fatty acids, amino acids, organic acids, carbohydrates, and bile acids. Metabolite identification and quantification is achieved using the Targeted Metabolome Batch Quantification (TMBQ) software, the first cross-vendor data processing pipeline. A test of this metabolite array was performed by analyzing serum samples from patients with chronic liver disease (N = 1234). With high detection efficiency and sensitivity in serum, urine, feces, cell lysates, and liver tissue samples and suitable for different mass spectrometry systems, this metabolite array technology holds great potential for biomarker discovery and high throughput clinical testing. Additionally, data generated from such standardized procedures can be used to generate a clinical metabolomics database suitable for precision medicine in next-generation healthcare.

2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808632

RESUMEN

Rational design and development of the electrodes with high-mass loading yet maintaining the excellent electrochemical properties are significant for a variety of electrochemical energy storage applications. In comparison with the slurry-casted electrode, herein, a hierarchically porous activated carbon (HPAC) electrode with higher mass loading (8.3 ± 0.2 mg/cm2) is successfully prepared. The pouch-type symmetric device (1 cell) with the propylene carbonate-based electrolyte shows the rate capability (7.1 F at 1 mA/cm2 and 4.8 F at 10 mA/cm2) and the cycling stability (83% at 12,000 cycles). On the other hand, an initial discharge capacitance of 32.4 F and the capacitance retention of 96% after 30,000 cycles are delivered from a pouch-type symmetric supercapacitor (five cells). The corresponding electrochemical performances are attributed to the fascinating properties of the HPAC and the synergistic features of the resulting electrode.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 132021 Mar 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819193

RESUMEN

Teratozoospermia is a common category of male infertility and with the increase in clinical patients and the increasing sophistication of assisted reproductive technology, there is an urgent need for an accurate semen diagnostic biomarker to accomplish rapid diagnosis of patients with teratozoospermia and accurately assess the success rate of assisted reproductive technologies. In this study, we performed gene differential expression analysis on two publicly available DNA microarray datasets (GSE6872 and GSE6967), followed by GSEA analysis to parse their enriched KEGG pathways, and WGCNA analysis to obtain the most highly correlated modules. Subsequent in-depth comparative analysis of the modules screened into the two datasets resulted in a gene set containing the identical expression trend, and then the differentially expressed genes in the set were screened using the corresponding criteria. Finally, three differentially expressed genes common to both datasets were selected. In addition, we validated the expression changes of this gene using another dataset (GSE6968) and in vitro experiments, and only screened one potential semen biomarker gene whose expression trend was identical to those in other datasets, which will also provide an important theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of teratozoospermia.

4.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 203: 111728, 2021 Mar 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819819

RESUMEN

Electrospun nanofibrous membranes (NFMs) have attracted considerable attention as a potential physical barrier for reducing postoperative adhesion. However, no anti-adhesion barrier can completely prevent adhesion formation. In this study, phospholipid-functionalized NFMs were readily fabricated by one-step electrospinning to obtain nanofiber-based barriers with enhanced wettability and anti-adhesion efficiency. The optimized phospholipid NFMs were shown to have a fiber diameter of 831 nm ± 135 nm that is drastically decreasing, high porosity of 87.6 % ± 1.1 %, and superior hydrophilicity. Moreover, the phospholipid NFMs with excellent cytocompatibility exhibited fibroblasts being significantly reduced (≈ 51 %) after incubation of 3 days compared to that of the NFMs (≈ 96 %), confirming long-lasting anti-adhesion capability against fibroblasts. Meanwhile, less cell adhesion and proliferation of Raw 264.7 macrophages on NFM-10Lec indicated its superior anti-inflammatory effects. Thus, the facile phospholipid-functionalized nanofibers provided a promising strategy for anti-adhesion applications.

5.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 45(2): 183-187, 2021 Apr 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825379

RESUMEN

Biliary stent has been widely used in the treatment of biliary stricture and obstruction, it can relieve the pain of patients effectively, but bacterial infection and stent obstruction are still troublesome after surgery. We introduce the mechanism of infection and stent blockage caused by bacterial invasion after biliary stent implantation, and expound the formation mechanism of bacterial biofilm and bile sludge in this review. Antibacterial biliary stent is an effective way to inhibit biliary tract infection, the literatures on antibacterial modification of biliary stent with different antibacterial methods in domestic and abroad are reviewed, and the research prospect of antibacterial biliary stent is summarized and prospected.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794093

RESUMEN

The synthesis of highly luminescent colloidal CsSnX3 (X = halogen) perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) remains a long-standing challenge due to the lack of a fundamental understanding of how to rationally suppress the formation of structural defects that significantly influence the radiative carrier recombination processes. Here, we develop a theory-guided, general synthetic concept for highly luminescent CsSnX3 NCs. Guided by density functional theory calculations and molecular dynamics simulations, we predict that, although there is an opposing trend in the chemical potential-dependent formation energies of various defects, highly luminescent CsSnI3 NCs with narrow emission could be obtained through decreasing the density of tin vacancies. We then develop a colloidal synthesis strategy that allows for rational fine-tuning of the reactant ratio in a wide range but still leads to the formation of CsSnI3 NCs. By judiciously adopting a tin-rich reaction condition, we obtain narrow-band-emissive CsSnI3 NCs with a record emission quantum yield of 18.4%, which is over 50 times larger than those previously reported. Systematic surface-state characterizations reveal that these NCs possess a Cs/I-lean surface and are capped with a low density of organic ligands, making them an excellent candidate for optoelectronic devices without any postsynthesis ligand management. We showcase the generalizability of our concept by further demonstrating the synthesis of highly luminescent CsSnI2.5Br0.5 and CsSnI2.25Br0.75 NCs. Our findings not only highlight the value of computation in guiding the synthesis of high-quality colloidal perovskite NCs but also could stimulate intense efforts on tin-based perovskite NCs and accelerate their potential applications in a range of high-performance optoelectronic devices.

7.
Nat Cell Biol ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795875

RESUMEN

Dysregulated translation is a common feature of cancer. Uncovering its governing factors and underlying mechanism are important for cancer therapy. Here, we report that enhancer of zeste homologue 2 (EZH2), previously known as a transcription repressor and lysine methyltransferase, can directly interact with fibrillarin (FBL) to exert its role in translational regulation. We demonstrate that EZH2 enhances rRNA 2'-O methylation via its direct interaction with FBL. Mechanistically, EZH2 strengthens the FBL-NOP56 interaction and facilitates the assembly of box C/D small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein. Strikingly, EZH2 deficiency impairs the translation process globally and reduces internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-dependent translation initiation in cancer cells. Our findings reveal a previously unrecognized role of EZH2 in cancer-related translational regulation.

8.
Neurotox Res ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797738

RESUMEN

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve as regulators or effectors of the p53 regulatory pathway. The lncRNA-p53 regulatory network plays an important role in ischemia-induced apoptosis and may be important for post-stroke recovery. Eight genetic variants of p53-related lncRNAs were genotyped in 982 patients to explore the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the genes related to the p53 regulatory pathway with ischemic stroke (IS) prognosis in a northern Chinese population. Long- and short-term outcomes were assessed by stroke recurrence and modified Rankin Scale score 3 months after stroke, respectively. We first identified that p53 rs1042522 and LINC-ROR rs2027701 could be associated with IS recurrence risk. On further cumulative effect analysis, we found that these two polymorphisms could jointly be associated with IS recurrence. Patients carrying 2-4 risk alleles showed a significantly higher IS recurrence risk than those harboring no or a single risk allele. In contrast to rs2027701 and rs1042522, the other SNPs were not associated with IS recurrence. Subsequently, we found that TUG1 rs2240183 CC genotype was associated with a favorable IS outcome after adjusting for confounding factors. However, the other seven genetic variants of p53-related lncRNAs were not associated with a functional outcome after stroke. p53 rs1042522 and LINC-ROR rs2027701 may exert combined effects on IS recurrence, and TUG1 rs2240183 may be a new biomarker to predict short-term IS outcomes as it modulates p53-mediated apoptosis.

9.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; : e1385, 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793089

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Circular RNA PVT1 (circPVT1) is significantly upregulated in various human cancers and is related to poor clinical outcome of cancer patients. However, the prognostic and clinicopathological value of circPVT1 in diverse human cancers remains controversial and inconclusive. AIM: The objective of our study is to evaluate the prognostic and clinicopathological role of circPVT1 for cancer patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies by October 1, 2020. The correlation between circPVT1 expression, and overall survival (OS) and clinical parameters was assessed by pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Subgroup analyses, heterogeneity, and publication bias were conducted to further enhance reliability. Twelve studies (1282 patients) were selected for this meta-analysis, including 11 on prognosis and 10 on clinicopathological parameters. Elevated expression of circPVT1 was associated with a worse OS in cancer patients (HR, 2.009; 95% CI, 1.667-2.408, 1.892; P < .001). For clinicopathological value, upregulation of circPVT1 was closely related to poor clinical parameters lymph node metastasis (OR = 2.019; 95% CI, 1.026-3.976; P = .042; I2 = 77.5%; PH = 0.000), late clinical stage (OR = 3.594; 95% CI, 1.828-7.065; P < .001; I2 = 71.7%; PH = 0.001), distant metastasis (OR = 4.598; 95% CI, 1.411-14.988; P = .011; I2 = 78.1%; PH = 0.001), and chemoresistant (OR = 6.400; 95% CI, 2.107-19.441; P = .001; I2 = 49.6%; PH = 0.159). CONCLUSION: High expression of circPVT1 is correlated with unfavorable prognosis of cancer patients, indicating that circPVT1 can function as a potential prognostic biomarker in human cancer.

10.
Am J Med Sci ; 361(4): 461-468, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781388

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Central catheter infections are of concern in patients on hemodialysis because of the high risk of catheter-related bloodstream infections, sepsis, and death. Adequate nursing is critical for the prevention of such infections. This study aimed to use the PDCA (plan-do-check-act) method to reduce the incidence of central venous catheter infection using management in the maintenance of central venous catheter in patients on hemodialysis, compared with routine care. METHODS: This pilot study recruited patients on hemodialysis via central venous catheterization at the Blood Purification Center of Ruijin Hospital between November 2017 and November 2018. The patients were randomized to the routine and PDCA groups. All participants received routine nursing. The PDCA group received central venous catheter management by PDCA. The incidence of central venous catheterization-related infections, nursing satisfaction, and quality of life were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 122 participants were enrolled in each group. The incidence of central catheter-related bloodstream infection, as the primary outcome, was 0.8 and 8.8 cases per 1000 catheter days in the PDCA and routine groups, respectively (P < 0.001). In addition, as the secondary outcomes, the scores of nursing satisfaction (health guidance, nursing technology, and therapeutic effects) score and quality of life (physiological, psychological, social, and environmental status) were better in the PDCA group than in the routine group (all P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study suggests that the PDCA cycle model can effectively reduce the incidence of central venous catheter-related infections and improve satisfaction and quality of life in patients on hemodialysis.

11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(14)2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785593

RESUMEN

During vertebrate embryogenesis, fetal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) exhibit expansion and differentiation properties in a supportive hematopoietic niche. To profile the developmental landscape of fetal HSPCs and their local niche, here, using single-cell RNA-sequencing, we deciphered a dynamic atlas covering 28,777 cells and 9 major cell types (23 clusters) of zebrafish caudal hematopoietic tissue (CHT). We characterized four heterogeneous HSPCs with distinct lineage priming and metabolic gene signatures. Furthermore, we investigated the regulatory mechanism of CHT niche components for HSPC development, with a focus on the transcription factors and ligand-receptor networks involved in HSPC expansion. Importantly, we identified an endothelial cell-specific G protein-coupled receptor 182, followed by in vivo and in vitro functional validation of its evolutionally conserved role in supporting HSPC expansion in zebrafish and mice. Finally, comparison between zebrafish CHT and human fetal liver highlighted the conservation and divergence across evolution. These findings enhance our understanding of the regulatory mechanism underlying hematopoietic niche for HSPC expansion in vivo and provide insights into improving protocols for HSPC expansion in vitro.

12.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 90, 2021 Mar 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781296

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite tremendous progress has been achieved in tumor theranostic over the past decade, accurate identification and complete eradication of tumor cells remain a great challenge owing to the limitation of single imaging modality and therapeutic strategy. RESULTS: Herein, we successfully design and construct BiVO4/Fe3O4@polydopamine (PDA) superparticles (SPs) for computed tomography (CT)/photoacoustic (PA)/magnetic resonance (MR) multimodal imaging and radiotherapy (RT)/photothermal therapy (PTT) synergistic therapy toward oral epithelial carcinoma. On the one hand, BiVO4 NPs endow BiVO4/Fe3O4@PDA SPs with impressive X-ray absorption capability due to the high X-ray attenuation coefficient of Bi, which is beneficial for their utilization as radiosensitizers for CT imaging and RT. On the other hand, Fe3O4 NPs impart BiVO4/Fe3O4@PDA SPs with the superparamagnetic property as a T2-weighted contrast agent for MR imaging. Importantly, the aggregation of Fe3O4 NPs in SPs and the presence of PDA shell greatly improve the photothermal conversion capability of SPs, making BiVO4/Fe3O4@PDA SPs as an ideal photothermal transducer for PA imaging and PTT. By integrating advantages of various imaging modalities (CT/PA/MR) and therapeutic strategies (RT/PTT), our BiVO4/Fe3O4@PDA SPs exhibit the sensitive multimodal imaging feature and superior synergistic therapeutic efficacy on tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Since there are many kinds of building blocks with unique properties appropriating for self-assembly, our work may largely enrich the library of nanomateirals for tumor diagnosis and treatment.

13.
Nurse Educ Today ; 100: 104855, 2021 Mar 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711584

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The core competencies of new graduate nurses (NGNs) have significant health outcomes in the clinical environment. However, these nurses experience a theory-practice gap, which creates a barrier in the transition process when they first enter the clinical workplace. OBJECTIVE: To understand the general overview of the transition of the core competencies of NGNs to clinical practice in China and the influencing factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study design consisting of a multi-stratified grounded random sample from 31 hospitals in seven regions nationwide. PARTICIPANTS: 2400 NGNs were recruited by email. METHODS: The Competencies Inventory for Registered Nurse (CIRN) was applied to evaluate NGNs' core competencies. RESULTS: NGNs performed best on leadership and worst on critical thinking or research aptitude. Core competencies were predicted by depressive symptoms, worked for two-three years, having a nurse-in-charge title, professional values, department, happiness, etc. Besides, the preceptor program also has significant to core competencies. CONCLUSION: The average level of Chinese NGNs' core competencies was at a moderate level, which wasn't well optimized. It is recommended to adopt appropriate interventions to support NGNs. With an increase in work years and the accumulation of more work experience, the corresponding core competencies of NGNs will also improve. Preceptor institutions, limiting first-degree recruitment, and early ICU or operating room department rotations can be carried out by nursing educators to improve core competencies.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(8): e24725, 2021 Feb 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663084

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: High incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) has been a major drawback of matched sibling donor peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (MSD -PBSCT). This study aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) as a standardized part of GVHD prophylaxis in patients receiving MSD -PBSCT. METHODS: A total of 72 patients with hematological malignancies receiving MSD -PBSCT who displayed similar baseline characteristics were either given rabbit ATG ( n = 42) or no ATG (n = 30), in addition to cyclosporine, methotrexate, and mycophenolate mofetil as a standard GVHD prophylaxis regimen. Either patients or donors aged ≥40 years were included in the study. Thymoglobulin was administered at a daily dose of 1.5 mg/kg on day -5 and 3.5 mg/kg on day -4 prior to transplant (the total dose was 5 mg/kg). RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 874 days, the 3-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD (cGVHD) was 37.3% in the ATG group and 52.1% in the non -ATG group. The 3-year overall and disease-free survival probability were 71.0% and 62.0% (ATG versus non -ATG, P = .262) and 66.7% and 58.4% (ATG versus non -ATG, P = .334). No difference was found in the 2-year cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality and relapse between the ATG and non -ATG groups. This significant reduction in the incidence of cGVHD without increased relapse risk and nonrelapse mortality led to a 3-year GVHD-free, relapse-free survival probability of 66.7% and 40.0% in the ATG and non-ATG groups, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that rabbit antithymocyte globulin in the current protocol for GVHD prophylaxis was well tolerable and efficacious.The clinical trial was registered on January 1, 2016 (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT02677181). https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02677181.


Asunto(s)
Suero Antilinfocítico/administración & dosificación , Enfermedad Injerto contra Huésped/prevención & control , Inmunosupresores/administración & dosificación , Trastornos Linfoproliferativos/cirugía , Trasplante de Células Madre de Sangre Periférica/métodos , Adulto , Anciano , Animales , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Quimioterapia Combinada , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Conejos , Hermanos , Acondicionamiento Pretrasplante/métodos
15.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(5): 6298-6329, 2021 Mar 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744869

RESUMEN

The effect of calorie restriction (CR) on the microbiome, fecal metabolome, and colon transcriptome of adult and old male mice was compared. Life-long CR increased microbial diversity and the Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes ratio and prevented the age-related changes in the microbiota, shifting it to a younger microbial and fecal metabolite profile in both C57BL/6JN and B6D2F1 mice. Old mice fed CR were enriched in the Rikenellaceae, S24-7 and Bacteroides families. The changes in the microbiome that occur with age and CR were initiated in the cecum and further modified in the colon. Short-term CR in adult mice had a minor effect on the microbiome but a major effect on the transcriptome of the colon mucosa. These data suggest that CR has a major impact on the physiological status of the gastrointestinal system, maintaining it in a more youthful state, which in turn could result in a more diverse and youthful microbiome.

16.
J Neurosci Res ; 2021 Mar 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713502

RESUMEN

The lateral hypothalamus (LH) plays a key role in the maintenance of cortical activation and wakefulness. In the LH, the two main neuronal cell populations consist of excitatory glutamatergic neurons and inhibitory GABAergic neurons. Recent studies have shown that inhibitory LH GABAergic neurons are wake-promoting. However, the mechanism by which excitatory LH glutamatergic neurons contribute to sleep-wake regulation remains unclear. Using fiber photometry in male mice, we demonstrated that LH glutamatergic neurons exhibited high activities during both wakefulness and rapid eye movement sleep. Chemogenetic activation of LH glutamatergic neurons induced an increase in wakefulness that lasted for 6 hr, whereas suppression of LH glutamatergic neuronal activity caused a reduction in wakefulness. Brief optogenetic activation of LH glutamatergic neurons induced an immediate transition from slow-wave sleep to wakefulness, and long-lasting optogenetic stimulation of these neurons maintained wakefulness. Moreover, we found that LH-locus coeruleus/parabrachial nucleus and LH-basal forebrain projections mediated the wake-promoting effects of LH glutamatergic neurons. Taken together, our data indicate that LH glutamatergic neurons are essential for the induction and maintenance of wakefulness. The results presented here may advance our understanding of the role of LH in the control of wakefulness.

17.
Transl Neurodegener ; 10(1): 10, 2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712071

RESUMEN

A lack of convenient and reliable biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis is a common challenge for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent advancement in ultrasensitive protein assays has allowed the quantification of tau and phosphorylated tau proteins in peripheral plasma. Here we identified 66 eligible studies reporting quantification of plasma tau and phosphorylated tau 181 (ptau181) using four ultrasensitive methods. Meta-analysis of these studies confirmed that the AD patients had significantly higher plasma tau and ptau181 levels compared with controls, and that the plasma tau and ptau181 could predict AD with high-accuracy area under curve of the Receiver Operating Characteristic. Therefore, plasma tau and plasma ptau181 can be considered as biomarkers for AD diagnosis.

18.
Small ; : e2006953, 2021 Mar 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719189

RESUMEN

Porous alloy nanomaterials are important for applications in catalysis, sensing, and actuation. Chemical and electrochemical etching are two methods to form porous nanostructures by dealloying bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs). However, it is not clear how the NPs evolve during these etching processes. Insight into the morphological and compositional transformations of the NPs during the etching is critical to understanding the nanoscale details of the dealloying process. Here, using in situ liquid phase transmission electron microscopy, the structural evolution of individual AuAg alloy NPs is tracked during both chemical and electrochemical etching of their Ag component. The observations show that the electrochemical etching produces NPs with more uniform pore sizes than the chemical etching and enables tuning the NPs porosity by modulating the electrochemical potential. The results show that at the initial stages of both etching methods, Au-rich passivation layer forms on the surface of the NPs, which is critical in preserving the NP's porous shell as pores form underneath this layer during the etching. These findings describing the selective etching and dealloying of AuAg NPs provide a critical insight needed to control the morphology and composition of porous multimetallic NPs, and paves the way for synthesizing nanomaterials with tailored chemical and physical properties for various applications.

19.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 150: 112100, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677040

RESUMEN

The present research was designed to investigate the effects of simulated gastrointestinal digestion in vitro on the structural characteristics and anti-proliferative activities of polysaccharides from the shells of Juglans regia L. (JRP). Results suggested that JRP was composed of glucose, ribose, galactose, mannose, arabinose and rhamnose in a molar ratio of 10.7:4.9:16.4:2.3:10.8:2.3, with the molecular weight distributed from 3.21 × 105 to 4.55 × 105 Da. JRP belonged to non-crystalline substance, with irregular, smooth and compact morphological characteristics. Nevertheless, during gastrointestinal digestion in vitro, the physicochemical properties of JRP including molecular weight, monosaccharide composition, crystalline properties and morphology were significantly changed, accompanying with the increase of reducing sugar in digestive juice. Through measurements of anti-proliferation activities, the results showed that the digested JRP could remarkably inhibit the viabilities of HeLa cells by induction of apoptosis as a result of the excessive ROS accumulation and cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase, all of which were pronouncedly stronger than the ones induced by undigested JRP. These findings suggested that JRP processed by gastrointestinal digestion possessed more potential anti-proliferative applications that need to be exploited.

20.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(3): 270, 2021 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723214

RESUMEN

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most common cancer in men and the third most common cancer in women worldwide. The incidence and mortality of CRC was increasing rapidly in China. Lymph node-negative colorectal cancer patients with synchronous liver metastasis (LNLM1) was defined as "skip" lymph vascular invasion on hepatic metastasis, who presenting poor prognosis. We aiming to investigate the potential mechanism for the "skip" lymph vascular invasion on hepatic metastasis in colorectal cancer. The microarray was applied for screening the transcription landscape of circRNA in lymph node negative CRC patients with synchronous liver metastasis (LNLM1) or without liver metastasis (LNLM0). We identified the aberrant increased circRNA circ_0124554 (also entitled as circ-LNLM) in tumor tissues of LNLM1 patients comparing with either the tumor tissues of LNLM0 or adjacent tissues of LNLM1. Circ-LNLM1 expression was highly correlated with liver metastasis and vascular invasion. Ectopic expression of cytoplasmic located circ-LNLM could promote invasion of CRC cells and induced the liver metastasis in animal models through the direct binding with AKT. The phosphorylation of AKT (T308/S473) was activated due to the blocked ubiquitination site of Lys in 0-52aa peptide of circ-LNLM. Endogenous plasma expression of circ-LNLM induced poor prognosis of LNLM1 and could distinguish LNLM1 patients from LNLM0. In conclusion, the circ-LNLM blocked the ubiquitination of AKT could promote the early metastasis especially for the lymph node-negative colorectal cancer patients with synchronous liver metastasis. The circ-LNLM might be prognosis and diagnosis biomarker for LNLM1 patients.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...