Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.605
Filtrar
1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 127: 104272, 2021 Sep 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600022

RESUMEN

Mammalian studies have shown that the nuclear transcription factor Y (NFYC) regulates the expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) by binding to CCAAT-box on promoters. However, few studies have focused on the regulatory mechanisms of NFYC in MHC pathway in fish. To explore the transcriptional regulatory mechanism of MHCIa in fish, we characterized NFYC and MHCIa of red-spotted grouper (Epinephelus akaara) (named EaNFYC and EaMHCIa, respectively). The EaNFYC genome sequence is 13,796 bp and contains 1,065 bp open reading frame. It is composed of ten exons and nine introns and encode a 354 amino acid sequence. The putative EaNFYC protein sequence shared 67.2-99.4% identity to vertebrate NFYC and possesses a typically conserved domain (histone- or haem-associated protein 5 domain (HAP5)) at the N-terminus. Transcripts of both EaNFYC and EaMHCIa were ubiquitously expressed in all detect tissues, and higher mRNA levels were detected in immune-relevant tissues (middle-kidney). EaNFYC expression increased after treatment with polyinosinic: polycytidylic acid, lipopolysaccharide, nervous necrosis virus, zymosan A, and Singapore grouper iridovirus. Analysis of subcellular localization indicated that EaNFYC was localized at the cell nucleus only. Furthermore, overexpression of EaNFYC significantly stimulated the expression of EaMHCIa, interferon signalling molecules and inflammatory cytokine. The region -878 bp to +82 bp of EaMHCIa promoter was identified to be the core promoter which EaNFYC take effect on. Additionally, point mutations and electrophoretic mobility shift assays verified that NFYC activate MHCIa expression by binding at the M1 and M2 binding sites that do not contain CCAAT-box. These results contribute to elucidating the function of fish NFYC on MHC transcriptional mechanisms, and provide the first evidence of positive regulation of MHCIa expression by NFYC in fish.

2.
Acta Odontol Scand ; : 1-10, 2021 Oct 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632930

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) bear multilineage differentiation potential and represent the cytological basis of periodontal tissue regeneration. microRNA (miR) is accepted as a critical regulator of cell differentiation. This study explored the molecular mechanism of miR-200a-3p in osteogenesis of hPDLSCs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: hPDLSCs were cultured and identified in vitro. miR-200a-3p expression during osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs was detected. hPDLSCs were transfected with miR-200a-3p mimic or miR-200a-3p inhibitor. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, calcified nodules and osteogenesis-related genes of hPDLSCs were measured. The binding relationship between miR-200a-3p and ZEB2 was predicted and verified. hPDLSCs were infected with sh-ZEB2, and then the osteogenic capacity was examined. miR-200a-3p inhibitor-transfected hPDLSCs were infected with sh-ZEB2. The key proteins of the NF-κB pathway were measured. RESULTS: miR-200a-3p expression was downregulated during osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs. Upregulation of miR-200a-3p reduced ALP activity, calcified nodules and osteogenesis-related genes of hPDLSCs, while downregulation of miR-200a-3p facilitated the osteogenesis of hPDLSCs. miR-200a-3p targeted ZEB2. ZEB2 silencing repressed osteogenesis of hPDLSCs. ZEB2 silencing attenuated the promoting effect of miR-200a-3p inhibitor on osteogenesis of hPDLSCs. miR-200a-3p activated the NF-κB pathway by targeting ZEB2. CONCLUSION: miR-200a-3p repressed osteogenesis of hPDLSCs by targeting ZEB2 and activating the NF-κB pathway. This study may offer insights for periodontal tissue regeneration engineering.

3.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-7, 2021 Oct 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623932

RESUMEN

Although measles, rubella and mumps elimination had achieved great progress in recent years, outbreaks were still reported worldwide. Serological surveillance on the remaining susceptibility in the population is essential to evaluate the preventive policy, estimate the current risk of infection, and predict evolutions in the future. In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of seropositivity of antibodies against measles, rubella and mumps in a population of all ages in Youyang, southwest China. A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted among 657 cases who attended to Youyang Hospital from Sep 2018 to Aug 2019. Sero IgG antibodies were measured by ELISA. No difference in the seropositivity of antibodies against measles, rubella and mumps was found between neither urban vs. rural, nor male vs. female. The overall seropositivity of anti-measles, rubella, mumps IgG antibodies was 81.1% (95% CI: 78.0-83.9), 65.9% (95% CI: 62.2-69.4) and 63.2% (95% CI: 59.4-66.8), respectively. The IgG seropositivity varied with age significantly. In this study, the seropositivity of antibodies against measles, rubella and mumps among the participants was insufficient in the population, especially among infants, teenagers and productive women, who were suggested to booster the immunity. To better control and eliminate measles, mumps and rubella-related diseases, nation-wide active laboratory-supported surveillance, outbreak investigation and revaccination for vulnerable population are needed.

4.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626572

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To report three-decade changes of clinical characteristics, progress of treatments and risk factors associated for mortality and enucleation in patients with retinoblastoma in China. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study METHODS: This multicenter study included 2552 patients diagnosed with retinoblastoma in 38 medical centers in 31 provinces in China from 1989 to 2017 with follow up data. Kendall's tau-b value was used to describe correlation coefficients between eras and clinical or demographic features. Hazard ratios and odds ratios were applied to measure risk factors. RESULTS: In this study, 324(13%) patients died of retinoblastoma and 1414(42%) eyes were removed. The 1-, 3-and 5- year disease-specific survival were 95%, 86% and 83%, respectively. Patients were diagnosed at a better stage by International Classification for Retinoblastoma over time (Kendall's tau-b value=-0.084, P<0.001). Pathological risk factors were also less observed in recent era. New conservative therapies were adopted and used in more patients. The eye removal rate gradually decreased (Kendall's tau-b value=-0.167, P<0.001). The disease-specific survival rate were 81%, 83% and 91% in the three eras. By multivariate cox regression, bilateral tumors and extraocular extension were risk factors for death. Among intraocular disease, group E indicated higher risk of mortality. By multivariate logistics regression, unilateral tumors, earlier era of diagnosis and extraocular extension were risk factors for eye salvage failure. Among intraocular retinoblastoma, groups D and E had higher risk of eye salvage failure. CONCLUSIONS: Patients were diagnosed at earlier stage in recent era. Conservative therapies including IAC were increasingly used. The above changes may contribute to the decreasing enucleation rate. Although no significant difference was identified in the mortality of the three eras, a decreasing trend was shown.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5784, 2021 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599161

RESUMEN

Cardiac regeneration involves the generation of new cardiomyocytes from cycling cardiomyocytes. Understanding cell-cycle activity of pre-existing cardiomyocytes provides valuable information to heart repair and regeneration. However, the anatomical locations and in situ dynamics of cycling cardiomyocytes remain unclear. Here we develop a genetic approach for a temporally seamless recording of cardiomyocyte-specific cell-cycle activity in vivo. We find that the majority of cycling cardiomyocytes are positioned in the subendocardial muscle of the left ventricle, especially in the papillary muscles. Clonal analysis revealed that a subset of cycling cardiomyocytes have undergone cell division. Myocardial infarction and cardiac pressure overload induce regional patterns of cycling cardiomyocytes. Mechanistically, cardiomyocyte cell cycle activity requires the Hippo pathway effector YAP. These genetic fate-mapping studies advance our basic understanding of cardiomyocyte cell cycle activity and generation in cardiac homeostasis, repair, and regeneration.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(39): e27089, 2021 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596110

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The present meta-analysis aims to conduct a systematic comparative study of the curative effects of Percutaneous Endoscopic Transforaminal Discectomy (PETD) and Percutaneous Endoscopic Interlaminar Discectomy (PEID) when used to treat Lumbar Disc Herniation (LDH). METHODS: The following online databases will be searched to find articles related to treating of LDH using PETD and PEID, namely PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane databases, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang Database, and Web of Science. The search will include all articles published from inception until August 2021. Articles will be included according to the inclusion criteria. Two authors will independently screen and assess the quality of each study. RevMan (version 5.3) will be adopted to complete data analysis and evaluate the statistical significance of each operating technique in various outcomes. RESULTS: The present meta-analysis will evaluate the curative effects of using PETD and PEID to treat LDH patients. CONCLUSION: Compare the clinical efficiency of PETD and PEID as therapy for LDH with postoperative hypoesthesia, complications in surgical site wounds, nerve root injury, transfer to open surgery, recurrence, partial decompression, and other complications. The comparative analysis will help determine the difference between the 2 surgical methods of PETD and PEID for treating LDH. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: August 2, 2021.osf.io/hr964. (https://osf.io/hr964/).

7.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609208

RESUMEN

The red-fleshed apple (Malus niedzwetzkyana) produces a colored fruit and rich anthocyanins and it has become popular among consumers in Shandong (Yang et al 2020). In recent years, anthracnose diseases have been reported in red-fleshed apple orchards and nurseries in Shandong province, China. The incidence of anthracnose in the red-fleshed apple plantings ranges from 50-90%. Initially, anthracnose lesions on fruit begin as sub-circular shaped, sunken, pale brown. Over time black lesions enlarged and coalesced into large necrotic areas. The sunken centers of mature lesion became filled with slimy pink sporulation. In September 2015, fifteen fruit with anthracnose symptoms and sporulation were collected, and 11 single-spore isolates were obtained. Three representative isolates (JNTW11, JNTW2, JNTW33) were used for morphological and molecular characterization. On PDA, the colonies were initially white and turned into pale brown in three days. Orange-brown pigmentation was produced near the center on the reverse. Aerial mycelium was cottony, dense, pale white to pale gray. Acervuli developed visible orange-pink conidial masses. Conidiophores were colorless, septate, not branched or branched at the base. Conidia were 1-celled, hyaline, subcylindrical, oblong, attenuated with blunt ends, and the average size was 16.7 ± 1.5 × 6.1 ± 0.9 µm (n = 50). Appressoria were brown, obovoid or irregular, 9.2 ± 1.6 × 8.0 ± 1.8 µm (n = 20). The morphological characters matched the descriptions of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides sensu lato (Cannon et al. 2008). Isolates JNTW11, JNTW2, and JNTW33 were subject to bioinformatic characterization by partial sequencing of 6 genetic loci including the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS), actin (ACT), beta-tub2 (TUB2), calmodulin (CAL), chitin synthase (CHS-1), and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) (Weir et al, 2012). The ITS (MT577037, MT577040, MT577042), ACT (MT767712, MT767715, MT767717), TUB2 (MT767723, MT767726, MT767728), CAL (MT767689, MT767692, MT767694), CHS-1(MT767700, MT767703, MT767705), and GAPDH (MT767734, MT767737, MT767739) sequences were deposited in GenBank. The six sets of sequence data were concatenated "ITS-GAPDH-ACT-CHS-1-TUB2-CAL", and the aligned sequences (2,007 bp) had 99.0% similarity to ex-type C. siamense ICMP18578. In a maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree, the highest log likelihood was -9148.55, and the isolates tested were in the C. siamense cluster with 96 % bootstrap support. Thus, the isolates were identified as C. siamense on the basis of multilocus phylogenetic analyses and morphological characters. To complete Koch's postulates, several healthy red-fleshed apple fruit ('Jiuhong', 1 month prior to harvest) were inoculated using colonized and uncolonized hyphal plugs and a blank agar as a control. All inoculated fruit were placed in sterile tissue culture bottles containing 2 layers of wet paper towels at 28 °C under a 12 h light/dark cycle. All fruit developed anthracnose symptoms in 7 days while the controls did not develop any symptoms. The symptoms were similar to those collected from fruit in the field, and same fungus was re-isolated from the lesions. Presently it was known that C. acutatum, C. asianum, C. chrysophilum, C. cuscutae, C. fioriniae, C. fragariae, C. fructicola, C. gloeosporioides, C. godetiae, C. kahawae, C. karstii, C. limetticola, C. melonis, C. noveboracense, C. nymphaeae, C. paranaense, C. rhombiforme, C. salicis, and C. theobromicola could infect M. coronaria, M. domestica, M. prunifolia, M. pumila, and M. sylvestris worldwide. To our knowledge, this is the first report of C. siamense as a pathogen of M. niedzwetzkyana. This finding provides crucial information for the management of anthracnose disease in China.

8.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618332

RESUMEN

Macrophage/microglial modulation plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), which is an inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. Dynamin-related protein 1 is a cytoplasmic molecule that regulates mitochondrial fission. It has been proven that mitochondrial fission inhibitor 1 (Mdivi-1), a small molecule inhibitor of Drp1, can relieve experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a preclinical animal model of MS. Whether macrophages/microglia are involved in the pathological process of Mdivi-1-treated EAE remains to be determined. Here, we studied the anti-inflammatory effect of Mdivi-1 on mice with oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide35-55 (MOG35-55)-induced EAE. We found that Drp1 phosphorylation at serine 616 in macrophages/microglia was decreased with Mdivi-1 treatment, which was accompanied by decreased antigen presentation capacity of the macrophages/microglia in the EAE mouse spinal cord. The Mdivi-1 treatment caused macrophage/microglia to produce low levels of proinflammatory molecules, such as CD16/32, iNOS, and TNF-α, and high levels of anti-inflammatory molecules, such as CD206, IL-10, and Arginase-1, suggesting that Mdivi-1 promoted the macrophage/microglia shift from the inflammatory M1 phenotype to the anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype. Moreover, Mdivi-1 was able to downregulate the expression of TRL2, TRL4, GSK-3ß, and phosphorylated NF-κB-p65 and prevent NF-κB-mediated IL-1ß and IL-6 production. In conclusion, these results indicate that Mdivi-1 significantly alleviates inflammation in mice with EAE by promoting M2 polarization by inhibiting TLR2/4- and GSK3ß-mediated NF-κB activation.

9.
Appl Opt ; 60(26): 8016-8021, 2021 Sep 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613062

RESUMEN

A novel, to the best of our knowledge, method is proposed in this study to permit the controllable resolution of a micro-angle measurement by using a Michelson interferometer. The resolution of the proposed system can be adjusted by changing the distances between a pair of parallel mirrors. Through experiments, it was observed that as the distance was changed from 0 to 6 mm, the corresponding resolution was significantly altered from 22.88 to 14.02 µrad. Compared with other small angle measurement methods, the proposed method can realize the conversion of multiple measurement resolutions more easily and conveniently.

10.
Adv Mater ; : e2104562, 2021 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595770

RESUMEN

The redox-targeting (RT) process or redox-mediated process, which provides great operation flexibility in circumventing the constraints intrinsically posed by the conventional electrochemical systems, is intriguing for various energy storage and conversion applications. Implementation of the RT reactions in redox-flow cells, which involves a close-loop electrochemical-chemical cycle between an electrolyte-borne redox mediator and an energy storage or conversion material, not only boosts the energy density of flow battery system, but also offers a versatile research platform applied to a wide variety of chemistries for different applications. Here, the recent progress of RT-based energy storage and conversion systems is summarized and great versatility of RT processes for various energy-related applications is demonstrated, particularly for large-scale energy storage, spatially decoupled water electrolysis, electrolytic N2 reduction, thermal-to-electrical conversion, spent battery material recycling, and more. The working principle, materials aspects, and factors dictating the operation are highlighted to reveal the critical roles of RT reactions for each application. In addition, the challenges lying ahead for deployment are stated and recommendations for addressing these constraints are provided. It is anticipated that the RT concept of energy materials will provide important implications and eventually offer a credible solution for advanced large-scale energy storage and conversion.

11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 144: 112222, 2021 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607103

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Globally, gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most common tumor. It is necessary to identify novel molecular subtypes to guide patient selection for specific target therapeutic benefits. METHODS: Multi-omics data, including transcriptomics RNA-sequencing (mRNA, LncRNA, miRNA), DNA methylation, and gene mutations in the TCGA-STAD cohort were used for the clustering. Ten classical clustering algorithms were executed to recognize patients with different molecular features using the "MOVICS" package in R. The activated signaling pathways were evaluated using the single-sample gene set enrichment analysis. The differential distribution of gene mutations, copy number alterations, and tumor mutation burden was compared, and potential responses to immunotherapy and chemotherapy were also assessed. RESULTS: Two molecular subtypes (CS1 and CS2) were recognized by ten clustering algorithms with consensus ensembles. Patients in the CS1 group had a shorter average overall survival time (28.5 vs. 68.9 months, P = 0.016), and progression-free survival (19.0 vs. 63.9 months, P = 0.008) as compared to those in the CS2 group. Extracellular associated biological process activation was higher in the CS1 group, while the CS2 group displayed the enhanced activation of cell cycle-associated pathways. Significantly higher total mutation numbers and neoantigens were observed in the CS2 group, along with specific mutations in TTN, MUC16, and ARID1A. Higher infiltration of immunocytes was also observed in the CS2 group, reflective of the potential immunotherapeutic benefits. Moreover, the CS2 group could also respond to 5-fluorouracil, cisplatin, and paclitaxel. The similar diversity in clinical outcomes between CS1 and CS2 groups was successfully validated in the external cohorts, GSE62254, GSE26253, GSE15459, and GSE84437. CONCLUSION: The findings provided novel insights into the GC subtypes through integrative analysis of five -omics data by ten clustering algorithms. These could provide potential clinical therapeutic targets based on the specific molecular features.

12.
Environ Technol ; : 1-27, 2021 Oct 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641764

RESUMEN

In this study, a modified coagulation sludge (MCS) from a real landfill leachate coagulation pretreatment was first prepared with polymerized ferric sulfate (PFS) as the activator for PMS to degrade bisphenol A (BPA). The results showed that 43.34% of BPA was adsorbed by MCS when [BPA]0 = 20 mg/L, [MCS]0 = 0.8 g/L, and time = 80 min. Thereafter, by adding 3,000 mg/L PMS to initiate the oxidation process, complete BPA removal, i.e. 100%, was achieved in 60 min. In addition, in tap water and municipal wastewater scenarios, 100% and 90.07% removal of BPA were obtained, respectively, and MCS exhibited outstanding performance after repeated use. MCS displayed an excellent adsorption capacity in which chemical adsorption was the main effect, and hydroxyl radicals were the major contributor to BPA degradation. Characterizations of fresh and reacted MCS were conducted, and the results showed that the MCS structure was stable after repeated use, and the surface functional groups, surface defect sites, and iron oxides participated in PMS activation. Overall, this study demonstrated successful recycling of coagulation sludge from landfill leachate pretreatment to activate PMS for environmental pollution control, which is in accordance with the goal of using waste to control waste.

13.
Esophagus ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642835

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: CT is the most commonly used method to stage esophageal cancer (EC). However, the reported CT T-staging criteria for EC are controversial. PURPOSE: To determine and validate the optimal esophageal wall thickness (EWT) threshold on CT to distinguish lesions with different T stages in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. METHODS: One thousand, one hundred-two consecutive patients with histopathologically confirmed ESCC between July 2014 and April 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent a preoperative CT examination and surgical treatment. The maximal EWT of the lesions on CT was measured. Patients were divided into pT1, pT2, pT3 and pT4 subgroups according to the pathologic stage. We employed the support vector machine, where linear kernels were leveraged to determine the optimal threshold to classify samples with different T stages. 90% of samples from each subgroup were randomly selected as the training set, while the remainder comprised the testing set. RESULTS: The mean EWTs of the pT1, pT2, pT3 and pT4 subgroups were 4.9 ± 2.6 mm, 8.1 ± 2.3 mm, 12.4 ± 3.6 mm, and 18.6 ± 4.4 mm, respectively. Differences in the EWT between the four subgroups or between adjacent subgroups were significant (p < 0.001), and esophageal wall became thicker with increasing pT stage. We utilized MATLAB 2020a to implement the SVM model and ran the code 10 times. The accuracy of the model was 60.29 ± 2.33%. The thresholds between samples from pT1/pT2, pT2/pT3 and pT3/pT4 lesions were 5.5 ± 0.3 mm, 10.8 ± 0.8 mm and 15.9 ± 0.5 mm, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Possibility of predicting T stage of ESCC by EWT on CT scans was limited to 60% by model examination with large sample size.

14.
Head Neck ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643313

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Genome analysis could provide tools to assess predictive molecular biomarkers of radioresistance. METHODS: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients included in ProfiLER study and who underwent a curative radiotherapy were screened. Univariate and Cox multivariate analyses were performed to explore the relationships between molecular abnormalities, infield relapse and complete tumor response after radiation. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-three patients were analyzed. PIK3CA mutation and genomic instability of MAP kinases pathway were found to be prognostic factors of loco-regional relapse in multivariate analysis with respectively HR 0.33, 95% CI 0.13-0.83, p = 0.005 and HR 0.61, 95% CI 0.38-0.96, p = 0.025. Instability of apoptosis pathway was found to be a prognostic factor of complete response after radiotherapy with HR 0.24, 95% CI 0.07-0.88, p = 0.04. CONCLUSION: This sub analysis suggests that PIK3CA mutation, variation of copy number of MAP kinases and apoptosis pathways play a significant role in the radioresistance phenomenon.

15.
Org Lett ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643399

RESUMEN

Ovalene's nitrogenated derivative with all zigzag edges and nitrogen atom doping at the periphery has been developed via one-step nitrogenation of formylbisanthene. Because of nitrogen incorporation, these molecules show greatly decreased highest occupied molecular orbital levels, enhanced intermolecular interactions, and a reversible acid response. Aza-ovalene also exhibits a diatropic ring current along the periphery. This work provides rare examples of all-zigzag-edged N-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

16.
Conserv Biol ; 2021 Sep 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585442

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the inadequacy of China's legal protection of wildlife. Long-standing illegal wildlife trade in China and worldwide increases the risk of zoonotic infectious diseases. We sought to improve the understanding of China' legal system for the protection of wildlife, which has at its core the wildlife protection law, by systematically evaluating the laws and regulations of China's Wildlife Protection Framework. We examined how existing legal documents (e.g., the Wildlife Protection Law 2018) are directly or indirectly related to wildlife conservation. The inherent defects of wildlife protection legislation include a narrow scope of protection, insufficient public participation, and inconsistent enforcement among responsible agencies. Solutions to improve China's Wildlife Protection Law include expanding the legal protection of wildlife, and improving monitoring of wildlife protection. Strengthening legislation will be the basis for effective regulation of the use of wild animals. We advocate the establishment of a sound wildlife protection legal system for resolving conflicts between humans and wild animals and preventing zoonotic disease, such a system will have a profound impact on the sustainable development of China's wildlife resources.

17.
Poult Sci ; 100(10): 101404, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478911

RESUMEN

Duck tembusu virus (DTMUV) was firstly identified in 2010 in China; since then, it has caused enormous economic loss to breeding industry. Great efforts have been made to develop drugs and vaccines against DTMUV. However, current available vaccines or anti-DTMUV drugs are consistently inefficient. Hence, various more broadly effective drugs have become important for the treatment of DTMUV infection; among these, lycorine, one of the important sources of active alkaloids, is a promising example. Nevertheless, it is not known whether lycorine has any antiviral activities against DTMUV. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the anti-DTMUV abilities of lycorine. The cytotoxicity of lycorine was evaluated on BHK-21 cells by CCK-8 assay, and its antiviral effect against DTMUV was examined by real-time PCR assays, virus titer determination, Western blot and immunofluorescence (IFA) assays, respectively. Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms of the anti-DTMUV effects of lycorine were also investigated. The results indicated that the highest nontoxicity concentration of lycorine on BHK-21 cells was 5 µM. Lycorine possessed the antiviral ability against DTMUV on BHK-21 cells, as demonstrated by the reduction of virus titers and copy numbers in vitro. Western blot and IFA analysis showed the inhibitory effect of lycorine on DTMUV envelope (E) protein expression. Moreover, using time-of-addition assays, we found that lycorine displays its antivirus and virucidal activities through blocking viral internalization and entry in vitro. Taken together, our findings firstly demonstrate the antiviral activities of lycorine against DTMUV, suggesting that lycorine can be a potential drug for the treatment of DTMUV infection.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de las Aves de Corral , Internalización del Virus , Alcaloides de Amaryllidaceae , Animales , Antivirales/farmacología , Pollos , Patos , Flavivirus , Fenantridinas
18.
Cell Rep ; 36(10): 109666, 2021 Sep 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496254

RESUMEN

Although axonal damage induces rapid changes in gene expression in primary sensory neurons, it remains unclear how this process is initiated. The transcription factor ATF3, one of the earliest genes responding to nerve injury, regulates expression of downstream genes that enable axon regeneration. By exploiting ATF3 reporter systems, we identify topoisomerase inhibitors as ATF3 inducers, including camptothecin. Camptothecin increases ATF3 expression and promotes neurite outgrowth in sensory neurons in vitro and enhances axonal regeneration after sciatic nerve crush in vivo. Given the action of topoisomerases in producing DNA breaks, we determine that they do occur immediately after nerve damage at the ATF3 gene locus in injured sensory neurons and are further increased after camptothecin exposure. Formation of DNA breaks in injured sensory neurons and enhancement of it pharmacologically may contribute to the initiation of those transcriptional changes required for peripheral nerve regeneration.

19.
Menopause ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547007

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Many studies have focused on the severity and prevalence of menopausal symptoms among middle-aged women, which are limited by heterogeneity and diversity of subtypes. Subtyping facilitates the adaptation to prevention and clinical intervention strategies that target women. To determine the existence of significant subgroups of women with similar menopausal symptoms, a person-centered approach was used to identify potential profiles of women during the menopausal transition. In addition, we aimed to examine the association between latent subtypes and individual factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 797 middle-aged women, aged 40 to 60 years, who were recruited from Shandong Province, China, between December 2017 and August 2018. We identified the subtypes in menopausal symptoms by performing a latent class analysis according to the self-reported Menopause Rating Scale and evaluated the robustness of our identified subtypes using a sensitivity analysis. Multinomial logistic regression was performed to explore the association between emergent latent subtypes and sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial characteristics. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 49.83 ± 5.05 years. (1) Four potential classes were identified in middle-aged women: "severe symptoms" (14.9%), "dominant sleep-emotion symptoms" (31.4%), "physical/mental exhaustion symptoms" (32.5%), and "no symptoms" (21.2%). The four classes were also verified using a sensitivity analysis according to age and menopause status subgroups, which revealed the robust subtypes of menopausal symptoms. (2) The odds ratio of neuroticism, chronic diseases, and gynecological diseases were significantly higher for the "severe symptoms," "dominant sleep-emotion symptoms," and "physical/mental exhaustion symptoms" classes, compared to the "no symptoms" class, while the odds ratio of mindfulness and social support were lower. CONCLUSIONS: A person-centered approach for middle-aged women could address the unmet need to understand the heterogeneity of menopausal symptoms. Subtyping facilitates the identification of the potential causes of menopausal symptoms and the development of personalized interventions.Video Summary:http://links.lww.com/MENO/A830.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575870

RESUMEN

Bacteriophage-eukaryotic cell interaction provides the biological foundation of Phage Display technology, which has been widely adopted in studies involving protein-protein and protein-peptide interactions, and it provides a direct link between the proteins and the DNA encoding them. Phage display has also facilitated the development of new therapeutic agents targeting personalized cancer mutations. Proteins encoded by mutant genes in cancers can be processed and presented on the tumor cell surface by human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules, and such mutant peptides are called Neoantigens. Neoantigens are naturally existing tumor markers presented on the cell surface. In clinical settings, the T-cell recognition of neoantigens is the foundation of cancer immunotherapeutics. This year, we utilized phage display to successfully develop the 1st antibody-based neoantigen targeting approach for next-generation personalized cancer therapeutics. In this article, we discussed the strategies for identifying neoantigens, followed by using phage display to create personalized cancer therapeutics-a complete pipeline for personalized cancer treatment.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...