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1.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2021 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938029

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine ultrasonic image characteristics that enable differentiation between cholesterol and adenomatous polyps and to assess the diagnostic efficacy of combining conventional ultrasound (CUS) with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with gallbladder polyps of 1-2 cm in diameter were enrolled and examined by CUS and CEUS before cholecystectomy. The appearances on CUS and CEUS were recorded and analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to calculate the optimal size threshold for distinguishing cholesterol from adenomatous polyps. A logistic regression analysis was performed to identify diagnostic variables. ROC analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of the size, the independent variables, and the combined factors. RESULTS: There were differences in size, number, vascularity on CUS and intralesional vascular shape, wash-out, and area under the curve on CEUS between the two groups (P < .05). ROC analysis indicated that a maximum diameter of 1.45 cm was the optimal threshold for the prediction of adenomatous polyps. The logistic regression analysis proved that the single polyp, presence of vascularity, and intralesional linear vessels were associated with adenomatous polyps (P < .05). ROC analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve, sensitivity, and specificity for the combination of the three independent variables were 0.858, 87.3%, and 67.6%. The number combined with intralesional vascular shape had the highest diagnostic sensitivity of 91.2%. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of CUS and CEUS demonstrated great significance in the differential diagnosis of cholesterol and adenomatous polyps.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 413: 125287, 2021 Jul 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930940

RESUMEN

Arsenic (As) and its compounds have been classified as Group I carcinogenic agents by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC); however, there is few specific and efficient antidotes used for As detoxification. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) at non-toxic concentrations on As(Ⅲ) induced genotoxicity and the underlying mechanism. Our data showed that AgNPs pretreatment significantly inhibited the generation of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γ-H2AX, marker of nuclear DNA double strand breaks) and the mutation frequencies induced by As(Ⅲ) exposure. Atomic fluorescence spectrometer (AFS) and laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) analysis revealed that the intracellular accumulation of As(Ⅲ) in human-hamster hybrid AL cells was declined by AgNPs via suppressing the expression of specific As(Ⅲ)-binding protein (Gal-1). Moreover, the activities of antioxidant enzymes were greatly up-regulated by AgNPs, which eventually inhibited the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by As(Ⅲ) and the downstream stress-activated protein kinases/c-Jun amino-terminal kinases (SAPK/JNK) signaling pathway. These results provided clear evidence that AgNPs dramatically suppressed the genotoxic response of As(Ⅲ) in mammalian cells via decreasing As(Ⅲ) bioaccumulation and elevating intracellular antioxidation, which might provide a new clue for AgNPs applications in As(Ⅲ) detoxification.

3.
Phytochemistry ; 187: 112761, 2021 Apr 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933827

RESUMEN

Seven previously unidentified polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinol (PPAP) derivatives hypseudohenrins A-G, along with six known analogs, were isolated from the aerial portion of Hypericum pseudohenryi. Their structures were determined by NMR, ECD and X-ray crystallographic spectroscopy. These compounds were screened for anti-inflammatory activity, and hypseudohenrins B and G (at the concentration of 10 µM) showed NO production inhibition ratios of 52.56% and 54.01%, respectively, which imply good anti-inflammatory activity. In particular, uraloidin A exhibited an NO inhibition ratio of 90.61%, while that ratio of the positive control compound dexamethasone was 94.88%. Additionally, anti-cancer and neural-protective activities were screened, but none of these compounds showed desirable activity.

4.
Cell Biol Int ; 2021 May 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945662

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) assay has been widely used in preclinical researches in patients with multidrug-resistant lung cancer. METHODS: 100 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were divided into MiniPDX group and conventional group, with 50 cases in each group. The MiniPDX assay was established by enriching high-purity tumor cells using microfluidic technology to detect the drug sensitivity of NSCLC cells. All patients underwent conventional computed tomography (CT) scans of lung and mediastinum at baseline and during follow-up. Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the overall survival and progression-free survival of two groups. RESULTS: The sensitivity of the same drug in different tumour xenograft varied greatly. The overall survival, progression-free survival and clinical benefit rate of patients in the MiniPDX-guided chemotherapy group were significantly longer than those in the conventional chemotherapy group. CONCLUSION: MiniPDX assay may be an effective tool for screening chemotherapy regimens in NSCLC patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
J Int Med Res ; 49(5): 3000605211012247, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947255

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This prospective study aimed to assess the effect of short-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) administration on pregnancy outcomes in frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles. METHODS: Patients who planned to have FET in Peking Union Medical College Hospital (China) were recruited for this study and randomly assigned into two groups. Patients in the experimental group (n = 460) received triptorelin acetate on the day of embryo transfer along with routine luteal support. Patients in the control group (n = 433) only received luteal support. One dose (0.1 mg) of a short-acting GnRHa was administered on the day of blastocyte transfer. The rates for clinical pregnancy, biochemical pregnancy, implantation, miscarriage, and ectopic pregnancy were compared between the groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the number and quality of blastocytes transferred between the two groups. In the experimental and control groups, the clinical pregnancy rate was 56.3% and 50.58%, the biochemical pregnancy rate was 15.78% and 18.94%, and the median implantation rate was 39.98% and 38.01%, respectively, with no significant difference between the groups. Biochemical pregnancy and abortion and the ectopic pregnancy rate were not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSION: In FET cycles, a GnRHa does not affect the pregnancy outcome.

6.
BMJ Open ; 11(5): e043039, 2021 May 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947730

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: In recent years, the transcarotid artery revascularisation (TCAR) with flow reversal technique has been developed to treat carotid artery stenosis. The superiority of TCAR over transfemoral carotid artery stenting has been demonstrated. However, the safety and efficacy of TCAR and carotid endarterectomy remain unclear. This study aims to introduce a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the morbidity and mortality rates between TCAR and carotid endarterectomy in the treatment of atherosclerotic carotid artery stenosis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol was drafted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols statement. Herein, major databases will be searched, including Medline, Web of Science, Embase and the Cochrane Library, and randomised controlled trials and high-quality observational studies will be included. We will screen all studies published from January 2000 to March 2021. Bias risk will be evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration criteria or Methodological Index for Non-randomised Studies criteria, depending on the study type. Two reviewers will select eligible studies and extract the data independently. The primary outcome will include stroke or death during the perioperative period and follow-up. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses will be performed to explore any potential sources of heterogeneity. Specific results will be described in a narrative form when available eligible studies are insufficient for meta-analysis. Publication bias will be assessed using a funnel plot. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study will summarise and analyse the existing literature; hence, ethics approval will not be required. The final results may be published at a relevant academic conference or in a journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020178691.

7.
J Phys Chem A ; 2021 May 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949195

RESUMEN

Six monosolvated cyanate analogue clusters ECX-·Sol (ECX- = NCSe-, AsCSe-, and AsCS-; Sol = H2O and CH3CN) were investigated using negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy (NIPES). NIPES experiments show that these clusters possess similar spectra overall compared to their respective isolated ECX- anions but shift to higher electron binding energy with CH3CN solvent, stabilizing the excess electrons slightly more than H2O. For the ECX-·H2O series, vertical detachment energies and their increments relative to the bare species are measured to be 3.700/0.370, 3.085/0.415, and 3.085/0.430 eV for NCSe-, AsCSe- and AsCS-, respectively, while the corresponding values in the ECX-·CH3CN series are 3.835/0.505, 3.145/0.475, and 3.135/0.480 eV. Ab initio electronic structure calculations indicate that the excess charges were located at the terminal N and Se atoms in NCSe- and migrated to the central C atom in AsCSe- and AsCS-. For NCSe-, the solvation is driven by the interactions with the two negatively charged terminal ends, while for AsCSe- and AsCS-, the solvation revolves around the interactions with the central C atom, where all the excess negative charge is concentrated. Two nearly degenerate isomers for NCSe-·H2O are identified, one forming a single strong N···H-O hydrogen bond (HB) and the other featuring a bidentate HB with two hydroxyl H atoms pointing to N and Se ends. In contrast, the negative central C atom in AsCSe-/AsCS- allows the formation of a bifurcated HB with H2O. Similar effects are observed for the acetonitrile case, in which the three H atoms of the methyl group interact with the two negatively charged terminal ends in NCSe-, while preferring to bind to the central negative carbon atom in AsCSe-/AsCS-. The different binding motifs derived in this work may suggest different solvation properties in NCSe- versus AsCSe-/AsCS- with the former anion leading to asymmetric solvation at the N end of the solute, while the latter species creates more "isotropic" solvation around the central C equatorial plane.

8.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; : e21793, 2021 May 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949719

RESUMEN

Apoptosis, as one kind of innate immune system, is involved in host response against pathogens innovation. Caspases play a vital role in the execution stage of host cell apoptosis. It has been reported that Bmcaspase-1 (Bmcas-1) has a close relationship with Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) infection for its differentially expressed patterns after viral infection. However, its underlying response mechanism is still unclear. The significant differential expression of Bmcas-1 in different tissues of differentially resistant strains revealed its vital role in BmNPV infection. To further validate its role in BmNPV infection, budded virus (BV)-eGFP was analyzed after knockdown and overexpression of Bmcas-1 by small interfering RNA and the pIZT-mCherry vector, respectively. The reproduction of BV-eGFP obviously increased at 72 h after knockdown of Bmcas-1, and decreased after overexpression in BmN cells. Moreover, the conserved functional domain of Cas-1 among different species and the closed evolutionary relationship of Cas-1 in Lepidoptera hinted that Bmcas-1 might be associated with apoptosis, and this was also validated by the apoptosis inducer, Silvestrol, and the inhibitor, Z-DEVD-FMK. Therefore, Bmcas-1 plays an essential antiviral role by activating apoptosis, and this result lays a fundament for clarifying the molecular mechanism of silkworm in response against BmNPV infection and breeding of resistant strains.

9.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 650893, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33937097

RESUMEN

The incidence of allergic disorders has been increasing over the past few decades, especially in industrialized countries. Allergies can affect people of any age. The pathogenesis of allergic diseases is complex and involves genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors, and the response to medication is very variable. For some patients, avoidance is the sole effective therapy, and only when the triggers are identifiable. In recent years, the intestinal microbiota has emerged as a significant contributor to the development of allergic diseases. However, the precise mechanisms related to the effects of the microbiome on the pathogenesis of allergic diseases are unknown. This review summarizes the recent association between allergic disorders and intestinal bacterial dysbiosis, describes the function of gut microbes in allergic disease development from both preclinical and clinical studies, discusses the factors that influence gut microbial diversity and advanced techniques used in microbial analysis. Ultimately, more studies are required to define the host-microbial relationship relevant to allergic disorders and amenable to new therapeutic interventions.

10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793208

RESUMEN

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) are powerful photonic building blocks for the fabrication of biosourced colored films. A combination of the advantages of self-assembled CNCs and multiple templating agents offers access to the development of novel physicochemical sensors, structural coatings, and optic devices. However, due to the inherent brittleness and water instability of CNC-derived materials, their further applications are widely questionable and restrictive. Here, a soft polymer of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was introduced into the rigid CNC system to balance molecular interactions, whereafter two hard/soft nanocomposites were fastened through a cross-linking reaction of glutaraldehyde (GA), resulting in a highly flexible, water-stable, and chiral nematic CNC composite film through an evaporation-induced self-assembly technique. For a 1.5 wt % GA-cross-linked 70 wt % CNC loading film, its treatment with harsh hydrophilic exposure (soaking in a strong acid, strong base, and seawater) and various organic solvents show exceptional solvent-resistant abilities. Furthermore, the film can even withstand a weight of 167 g cm-2 without failure, which is a highly stiff and durable character. Importantly, the film remains a highly ordered chiral nematic organization, being able to act as a highly transparent substrate for selective reflection of left-handed circularly polarized light, preparing fully covered and patterned full-color coatings on various substrates. Our work paves the way for applications in low-cost, durable, and photonic cellulosic coatings.

11.
Inflammation ; 2021 Apr 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881681

RESUMEN

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and their derived extracellular vesicles have been reported as promising tools for the management of heart disease. The aim of this study was to explore the function of adipose-derived MSCs (adMSCs)-derived exosomes (Exo) in the progression of myocardial infarction (MI) and the molecules involved. Mouse cardiomyocytes were treated with oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) to mimic an MI condition in vitro. The adMSCs-derived Exo were identified and administrated into the OGD-treated cardiomyocytes, and then the viability and apoptosis of cells, and the secretion of fibrosis- and inflammation-related cytokines in cells were determined. Differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in cells after Exo treatment were screened using a microarray analysis. The downstream molecules regulated by miR-671 were explored through bioinformatic analysis. Involvements of miR-671 and transforming growth factor beta receptor 2 (TGFBR2) in the exosome-mediated events were confirmed by rescue experiments. A murine model with MI was induced and treated with Exo for functional experiments in vivo. Compared to phosphate-buffered saline treatment, the Exo treatment significantly enhanced viability while reduced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, and in reduced myocardial fibrosis and inflammation both in vitro and in vivo. miR-671 was significantly upregulated in cells after Exo treatment. Downregulation of miR-671 blocked the protective functions of Exo. miR-671 targeted TGFBR2 and suppressed phosphorylation of Smad2. Artificial downregulation of TGFBR2 enhanced viability of the OGD-treated cardiomyocytes. This study suggested that adMSC-derived exosomal miR-671 directly targets TGFBR2 and reduces Smad2 phosphorylation to alleviate MI-like symptoms both in vivo and in vitro.

12.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 567-573, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812432

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the damaging of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) induced by antiplatelet integrin ß3 antibodies in vitro. METHODS: The serum from 36 chronic ITP patients were collected, flow cytometry and monoclonal antibody specific immobilization of platelet antigen (MAIPA) assay were used to collect antiplatelet integrin ß3 antibodies from the serum of the patients. After HUVEC were treated by ITP patient serum (PS) containing anti-integrin ß3 antibodies, the cell damage was detected by Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay, cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, the expression of apoptosis-related gene Bax was detected by Reverse transcription-Quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR), and expression of Apoptosis-related signaling pathway protein Akt and related protein Bax were detected by Western blot. HUVEC were treated by PS combined with Akt activator SC79, the cells damage were detected by LDH assay, apoptosis of the cells were detected by flow cytometry, the expression of apoptosis-related gene Bax was detected by RT-qPCR. RESULTS: Among 36 cases of serum from the chronic ITP patients, 5 patients' serum containing anti-integrin ß3 antibodies were collected. After HUVEC was treated by PS, the viability of LDH was significant increased(P<0.05), so as for the apoptosis of the cells(P<0.05), the expression of gene and protein of Bax was increased up-regulated(P<0.05), the protein expression of pAkt was down-regulated(P<0.05). Comparing with HUVEC cultured with PS alone, the viability of LDH of HUVEC treated by PS combined with SC79 was significantly reduced(P<0.05), so as for the apoptosis of the cells(P<0.05), and gene expression of Bax was significantly decreased(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Anti-integrin ß3 serum can cause the damage and apoptosis of HUVEC through Akt signaling pathway,the apoptotic effects of anti-integrin ß3 antibodies to HUVEC was effectively reversed by SC79.


Asunto(s)
Apoptosis , Integrina beta3 , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliales de la Vena Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Transducción de Señal
13.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824459

RESUMEN

Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1)/PD-1 checkpoint extensively serves as a central mediator of immunosuppression. A tumor-promoting role for abundant PD-L1 in several cancers is revealed. However, the importance of PD-L1 and how the PD-L1 expression is controlled in breast cancer remains obscure. Here, the mechanisms of controlling PD-L1 at the transcription and protein acetylation levels in promoting breast cancer growth are presented. Overexpressed PD-L1 accelerates breast cancer growth in vitro and in vivo. RNA-seq uncovers that PD-L1 can induce some target genes affecting many cellular processes, especially cancer development. In clinical breast cancer tissues and cells, PD-L1 and HBXIP are both increased, and their expressions are positively correlated. Mechanistic exploration identifies that HBXIP stimulates the transcription of PD-L1 through co-activating ETS2. Specifically, HBXIP induces PD-L1 acetylation at K270 site through interacting with acetyltransferase p300, leading to the stability of PD-L1 protein. Functionally, depletion of HBXIP attenuates PD-L1-accelerated breast tumor growth. Aspirin alleviates breast cancer via targeting PD-L1 and HBXIP. Collectively, the findings display new light into the mechanisms of controlling tumor PD-L1 and broaden the utility for PD-L1 as a target in breast cancer therapy.

14.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 116(1): 26, 2021 Apr 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33876316

RESUMEN

Heart failure due to high blood pressure or ischemic injury remains a major problem for millions of patients worldwide. Despite enormous advances in deciphering the molecular mechanisms underlying heart failure progression, the cell-type specific adaptations and especially intercellular signaling remain poorly understood. Cardiac fibroblasts express high levels of cardiogenic transcription factors such as GATA-4 and GATA-6, but their role in fibroblasts during stress is not known. Here, we show that fibroblast GATA-4 and GATA-6 promote adaptive remodeling in pressure overload induced cardiac hypertrophy. Using a mouse model with specific single or double deletion of Gata4 and Gata6 in stress activated fibroblasts, we found a reduced myocardial capillarization in mice with Gata4/6 double deletion following pressure overload, while single deletion of Gata4 or Gata6 had no effect. Importantly, we confirmed the reduced angiogenic response using an in vitro co-culture system with Gata4/6 deleted cardiac fibroblasts and endothelial cells. A comprehensive RNA-sequencing analysis revealed an upregulation of anti-angiogenic genes upon Gata4/6 deletion in fibroblasts, and siRNA mediated downregulation of these genes restored endothelial cell growth. In conclusion, we identified a novel role for the cardiogenic transcription factors GATA-4 and GATA-6 in heart fibroblasts, where both proteins act in concert to promote myocardial capillarization and heart function by directing intercellular crosstalk.

15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852508

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Diabetes is the fifth leading cause of death in the People's Republic of China. The aim of the article is to compare the effects of nursing care on the laboratory findings and ultrasound results of diabetic patients with chronic liver diseases (CLD) who were treated with antiglycemic drugs. METHODS: Diabetic were patients treated with metformin hydrochloride in combination with gliclazide, pioglitazone hydrochloride, sitagliptin, exenatide or liraglutide. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was evaluated by abdominal ultrasound, and fibrosis stages were evaluated at baseline and 8 months. All the patients were equally divided into two groups depending on the therapeutic approach. RESULTS: The first group of patients additionally received nursing care, and the second group adhered to the prescribed therapy on their own. In total 90 patients, or 55.6%, had NAFLD at baseline, and its course was dependent upon changes in the weight (P = 0.009) and waist circumference (P = 0.012). The proportions of patients who demonstrated an ultrasonographic improvement in the control group were: 24 (56.8%) with gliclazide, 15 (41.3%) with pioglitazone hydrochloride, 28 (66.1%) with sitagliptin, 16 (79%) with exenatide and 15 (66.7%) with liraglutide (P = 0.2). For the group that received nursing care an ultrasonographic improvement was in: 29 (68.16%) with gliclazide, 18 (49.56%) with pioglitazone hydrochloride, 33 (79.32%) with sitagliptin, 19 (94.8%) with exenatide and 21 80.04% with liraglutide (P = 0.2). CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes from the type 2 diabetes treatment paralleling of CLD were presented. Treatment of type 2 diabetes with pioglitazone hydrochloride, gliclazide, sitagliptin, liraglutide and exenatide was proven effective.

16.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(4): 402-409, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840414

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of astragaloside IV (AS-IV) on NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD). METHODS: A total of 24 Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, an HIBD group, and an AS-IV treatment group, with 8 rats in each group. After 24 hours of modeling, brain tissue was collected for hematoxylin-eosin staining, yo-PRO-1 staining, and EthD-2 immunofluorescent staining in order to observe the cerebral protection effect of AS-IV in vivo. HT22 cells were used to prepare a model of oxygen-glycogen deprivation (OGD), and a concentration gradient (50-400 µmol/L) was established for AS-IV. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the viability of HT22 cells. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to observe the effect of different concentrations of AS-IV on the mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3, gasdermin D (GSDMD), caspase-1, and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß). RESULTS: Yo-Pro-1 and EthD-2 staining showed that compared with the sham-operation group, the HIBD group had an increase in pyroptotic cells with a small number of necrotic cells, and the AS-IV group had reductions in both pyroptotic and necrotic cells. Compared with the sham-operation group, the HIBD group had significantly higher protein expression levels of NLRP3, IL-1ß, caspase-1, and GSDMD (P < 0.05). Compared with the HIBD group, the AS-IV group had significant reductions in the protein expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, and GSDMD (P < 0.05). HT22 cell experiment showed that compared with the OGD group, the AS-IV group had inhibited mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3, GSDMD, caspase-1, and IL-1ß, with the best therapeutic effect at the concentration of 200 µmol/L (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: AS-IV may alleviate HIBD in neonatal rats by inhibiting the expression of NLRP3, GSDMD, caspase-1, and IL-1ß.


Asunto(s)
Hipoxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Inflamasomas , Animales , Animales Recién Nacidos , Encéfalo , Hipoxia-Isquemia Encefálica/tratamiento farmacológico , Proteínas NLR , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Saponinas , Triterpenos
17.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 5529913, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859776

RESUMEN

Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is an important pathological mechanism underlying cardiovascular diseases and is commonly caused by hypoxia. Moreover, hypoxic injury occurs not only in common cardiovascular diseases but also following various treatments of heart-related conditions. One of the major mechanisms underlying hypoxic injury is oxidative stress. Quercetin has been shown to exert antioxidant stress and vascular protective effects, making it a promising candidate for treating cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we examined the protective effect of quercetin on human cardiomyocytes subjected to hypoxia-induced oxidative stress damage and its underlying mechanism. Human cardiomyocytes were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in vitro with or without quercetin pretreatment; thereafter, flow cytometry, Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, laser scanning confocal microscopy, quantitative PCR, western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were performed to analyze the effects of quercetin on cardiomyocytes. We found that H/R induced reactive oxygen species overproduction and endoplasmic reticulum stress, as well as inhibited the function of the mitochondria/endoplasmic reticulum and mitophagy, eventually leading to apoptosis and decreasing the viability of human cardiomyocytes. Quercetin pretreatment inhibited H/R-mediated overproduction of reactive oxygen species and damage caused by oxidative stress, increased mitophagy, regulated mRNA and protein expression of transmembrane BAX inhibitor-1 motif-containing 6 (TMBIM6), regulated endoplasmic reticulum stress, and improved the vulnerability of human cardiomyocytes to H/R. Furthermore, transfection with short interfering RNA against silent information regulator protein 1 (SIRT1) counteracted the protective effects of quercetin on cardiomyocytes. Thus, quercetin was predicted to regulate mitophagy and endoplasmic reticulum stress through SIRT1/TMBIM6 and inhibit H/R-induced oxidative stress damage. These findings may be useful for developing treatments for hypoxic injury-induced cardiovascular diseases and further highlight the potential of quercetin for regulating mitochondrial quality control and endoplasmic reticulum function.

18.
BMC Microbiol ; 21(1): 102, 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794774

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Continuous cropping obstacles from sweet potatoes are widespread, which seriously reduce the yield and quality, causing certain economic losses. Bacteria of rhizospheric soil are the richest and are associated with obstacles to continuous cropping. However, few studies have examined how continuous sweet potato cropping affects the rhizospheric soil bacterial community structure. RESULTS: In the study, the Illumina MiSeq method was used to explore the variations in rhizospheric soil bacterial community structure of different sweet potato varieties after continuous cropping, as well as the correlation between soil characteristics and the bacterial community. The results showed that (1) the dominant bacterial phyla in rhizospheric soils from both Xushu 18 and Yizi 138 were Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, and Actinobacteria. The most dominant genus was Subgroup 6_norank. The relative abundance of rhizospheric soil bacteria varied significantly between the two sweet potato varieties. (2) The richness and diversity indexes of bacteria were higher in Xushu 18 rhizospheric soil than in Yizi 138 soil after continuous cropping. Moreover, beneficial Lysobacter and Bacillus were more prevalent in Xushu 18, while Yizi 138 contained more harmful Gemmatimonadetes. (3) Soil pH decreased after continuous cropping, and redundancy analysis indicated that soil pH was significantly correlated with the bacterial community. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient analysis demonstrated that pH was positively associated with Planctomycetes and Acidobacteria, but negatively associated with Actinobacteria and Firmicutes. CONCLUSIONS: After continuous cropping, the bacterial community structure and physicochemical properties of sweet potato rhizospheric soil were changed, and the changes from different sweet potato varieties were different. The contents of Lysobacter and Bacillus were higher in the sweet potato variety resistant to continuous cropping. It provides a basis for developing new microbial fertilizers for sweet potatoes to alleviate the continuous cropping obstacle.

19.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809169

RESUMEN

The present study investigated the effect of flaxseed grain or flaxseed oil on ileal microbiota and lipid deposition of cashmere goats. Sixty kid goats (average body weight 18.6 ± 0.1 kg) were allocated to three treatments, fed for 90 days, with control treatment: basal diet (CON, total-mixed ration), experimental treatment: basal diet with added flaxseed oil (LNO), experimental treatment: basal diet with added heated flaxseed grain (HLS). The final body weight, body weight gain, the weight of kidney fat, omental fat, tail fat, and fat tissue, the activity of fatty acid synthetase, acetyl-coa carboxylase, and malic dehydrogenase, and the relative abundance (RA) of unclassified_f_Peptostreptococcaceae and Intestinibacter were remarkably higher in the LNO treatment than in the HLS treatment, but the [Eubacterium]_coprostanoligenes_group RA showed the opposite result. The content of triglyceride, cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly higher in the CON and LNO treatments than in the HLS treatment, while the hormone-sensitive lipase activity and the non-esterified fatty acid content showed the opposite result. In conclusion, the flaxseed grain is more efficient than flaxseed oil in ameliorating the blood lipid profiles and it is a potential product for decreasing the lipid deposition of cashmere goats.

20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839103

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To identify patient-reported outcome measurements (PROMs) for intermittent self-catheterization (ISC) users, critically assess and summarize the quality of the measurement properties, and describe the application scenarios on each instrument. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, PsycINFO and relevant reference lists were systematically searched until December 2019 (updated May 2020). STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently identified original English language publications that evaluated the psychometric properties of specific PROMs used in ISC patients. DATA EXTRACTION: The following data were obtained: author and publication year, content of domains/subscales, number of items, response options, constructs measured, language and information on measurement properties. DATA SYNTHESIS: Eleven publications were deemed eligible, including 6 PROMs for measuring patients' ISC-related quality of life, self-confidence, satisfaction, difficulties, acceptance and adherence to treatment. The Intermittent Self-Catheterization Questionnaire provided the most detail, and the Intermittent Catheterization Acceptance Test could be evaluated on the most COSMIN properties. CONCLUSION: Several tools are available for ISC users, but at present there is no comprehensive, concise and robust instrument with good psychometric properties. Further research on psychometric properties is needed to verify the remaining properties of existing scales and to develop novel tools for clinicians, researchers and patients.

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