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1.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(1): 66-70, 2021 Jan 11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429489

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the feasibility of the single-stage stent implantation following rotational atherectomy combined with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in treating patients with severe aortic stenosis(AS) and severe calcified coronary artery stenosis. Methods: Three patients who received single-stage stent implantation following rotational atherectomy combined with TAVR in Fuwai hospital from April to October 2019 were included in this retrospective analysis. Clinical and anatomical features (including echocardiography and aortic CT) of the patients were collected, efficacy and safety of this operation strategy were observed and 6 months follow up results were summarized. Results: Three patients (2 females, 66-80 years old) were included. The mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) risk score was 7.8%. The mean maximum velocity of aortic valve was 4.4 m/s, the mean transvalvular pressure gradient was 53.2 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 48.6%. All three patients had severe calcified coronary artery stenosis: left anterior descending artery (LAD, n=2) and left main coronary artery (LM, n=1), requiring rotary grinding. The mean SYNTAX score was 20. All the procedures were performed through transfemoral access. After aortic valve crossing, all coronary lesions were successfully treated with stent implantation following rotational atherectomy, transfemoral TAVR was then immediately performed with a self-expandable Venus-A valve. One patient underwent"valve-in-valve"implantation due to the high-implantation position of the first valve. The procedures were completed without complications in all the three patients. The immediate effect was satisfactory. Echocardiography results showed that the mean maximum velocity of aortic valve was 2.1 m/s, mean gradient was 9.3 mmHg, and mean LVEF was 59% after the procedure. There was no death and revascularization during the 6 months follow-up. Conclusion: In patients with severe calcified coronary artery and severe AS with high risk of cardiac surgery, the single-stage stent implantation following rotational atherectomy combined with TAVR is feasible and results are satisfactory in this patient cohort.

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(20): 10526-10534, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155208

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in the pathogenesis and development of multiple cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Nevertheless, the regulatory mechanisms of LINC01278 in CRC remain unknown. Our research aims to identify the regulatory mechanisms of LINC01278 in CRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of LINC01278 was examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). StarBase and TargetScan websites were used to predict the interaction between miR-134 and LINC01278 or KDM2A, which was further confirmed by Dual-Luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay. Cell viability, migration, and invasion were detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and transwell assays. RESULTS: LINC01278 was upregulated in CRC tissues and cell lines, and knockdown of LINC01278 suppressed CRC cell progression. In addition, LINC01278 inhibited miR-134 expression by direct interaction, and the inhibition of miR-134 abolished the suppressive effects of LINC01278 knockdown on viability, migration, and invasion of CRC cells. Furthermore, KDM2A was confirmed to be a target gene of miR-134. Overexpression of KDM2A facilitated the tumorigenesis of CRC, while this effect was reversed by the upregulation of miR-143. Finally, it was demonstrated that miR-134 inhibitor reversed the shLINC01278­mediated inhibitory effect on KDM2A expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that LINC01278 upregulated KDM2A to promote CRC progression by interacting with miR-143, suggesting that LINC01278 might be a new therapeutic target of CRC.

3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(9): 1494-1498, 2020 Sep 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076605

RESUMEN

Objective: To understand epidemiological characteristics of imported cases of malaria in Shandong province and provide scientific basis for timely adjustment of prevention and control measures. Methods: The incidence data of malaria, case investigation data and case review data by Shandong Provincial Reference Laboratory for Malaria Diagnosis from 2017 to 2018 were collected. Software SPSS 18.0 was used for statistical analysis and software QGIS 2.18 was used for mapping. Results: A total of 442 imported cases of malaria were reported in Shandong from 2017 to 2018, and the main infection source was in Africa (97.96%, 433/442). All the 17 prefectures in Shandong reported imported malaria cases, mainly in Jining (88 cases), Yantai (65 cases), Weihai (46 cases), Qingdao (44 cases) and Dezhou (42 cases), accounting for 64.48% (285/442). The cases were distributed in 77.37%(106/137) of counties of the province. The cases were reported in every month without seasonal characteristics. The median (M) of time interval between onset and the first medical care seeking was 2 days, and the interquartile range (IQR) was 3 days. The M of time interval between the first medical care seeking and final diagnosis was 0 day, and the IQR was 3 days. The proportion of medical care seeking on onset day was only 27.83% (123/442). Only 69.68% (308/442) of cases were diagnosed with malaria in the first medical care seeking, and the diagnostic accuracy of medical institutions below the county level was lower than other medical institutions (all P<0.01). Only 51.13% (226/442) of cases were diagnosed with malaria in the first medical care seeking, the differences in the rates among medical institutions at different levels were not significant (P>0.05). Conclusions: The imported malaria in Shandong was characterized by a large number of cases, multiple infection sources and wide area distribution during 2017-2018. The awareness of timely medical care seeking in the cases was low, meanwhile the awareness and ability of malaria diagnosis and treatment in primary medical institutions were still inadequate. It is necessary to adjust the prevention and control measures accordingly.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Transmisibles Importadas , Malaria , África , China/epidemiología , Enfermedades Transmisibles Importadas/epidemiología , Humanos , Incidencia , Malaria/epidemiología
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(19): 9981-9989, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090403

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical significance of circRNF20 in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), and its regulatory effects on NSCLC cell functions by activating MAPK9. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Relative levels of circRNF20 and MAPK9 in NSCLC tissues were detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between circRNF20, MAPK9 and pathological factors in NSCLC patients was analyzed. Prognostic potentials of circRNF20 and MAPK9 in NSCLC were assessed by Kaplan-Meier method. The interaction between circRNF20 and MAPK9 was tested by Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. Regulatory effects of circRNF20 and MAPK9 on proliferative abilities in H358 and SPC-A1 cells were examined by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assay. RESULTS: CircRNF20 and MAPK9 were upregulated in NSCLC tissues than normal ones. They were correlated to T stage and poor prognosis in NSCLC patients, while their levels were unrelated to gender, age, and incidences of lymphatic and distant metastasis. Knockdown of circRNF20 attenuated proliferative abilities in H358 and SPC-A1 cells. On the contrary, the overexpression of MAPK9 yielded the opposite results. MAPK9 was the target gene binding circRNF20, which was able to reverse the regulatory effect of circRNF20 on NSCLC proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: CircRNF20 and MAPK9 are upregulated in NSCLC cases, which are closely linked to T stage in NSCLC patients. They are independent prognostic factors for NSCLC. By activating MAPK9, circRNF20 stimulates NSCLC proliferation.

6.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 743-749, 2020 Oct 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045785

RESUMEN

Objective: To quantitatively evaluate the change of the long axis angle and the relative displacement of the crown feature points of the posterior teeth under normal bite force utilizing an intraoral scanner, and to provide clinical reference. Methods: From May to December 2019, fifteen graduate volunteers (5 males and 10 females, aged from 22 to 30, with an average age of 25.7 years) from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were recruited to participate in the study. The surface data (U1, L1) of the maxillary and mandibular posterior teeth were scanned by an intraoral scanner i500, and saved as original data. The volunteers were guided to bite in the intercuspal position with normal bite force. The buccal bite data of the posterior teeth were scanned as the basis for registration. The digital casts were imported into Geomagic studio 2013 software and the boundary lines along the gingival margin and mesial and distal contact area of posterior teeth of data (U1, L1) were determined. Long axis of the crown, crown centroid and mesial functional cusp vertex were establishd. The data (U1, L1) were segmented into single tooth. Single tooth was aligned to buccal bite data separately using best-fit alignment command based on the buccal common area of the crown and new casts data (U2, L2) were obtained as the data under bite force. The long axis angle and centroid distance between adjacent teeth (second premolar and first molar, second molar and first molar) were measured and the deviation between data obtained at mouth-open state and that at biting state was calculated. Negative value meant centroid distance became shorter under bite force. The first molar was set as the common area and registrate the U1, L1 to U2, L2. The angle of long axes, and displacement of centroid and of functional cusp vertex between second premolar of two casts were calculated, as well as between second molar of two casts. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the differences of teeth displacement between second premolar and second molar, and between maxillary and mandibular jaws with SPSS 26.0 statistical software. Results: The result of second premolar and second molar in the same jaw had no statistical difference (P>0.05). The centroid distance deviation of mandibular second premolar-first molar [-0.022(0.046) mm] was larger than that of maxilla [-0.006 (0.040) mm] (P<0.05). The long axis angle of second premolar itself [0.913°(0.647°)] and centroid distance of second molar itself [0.102 (0.106) mm] on the mandibular jaw were different from that on the maxillary jaw, which were 0.590°(0.550°) and 0.074(0.060) mm respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: Under bite force, displacement of the second premolar and second molar was present, including the displacement of centroids and deflection of long axes. The mandibular posterior teeth have larger displacement than the maxillary teeth.


Asunto(s)
Fuerza de la Mordida , Diente Molar , Adulto , Diente Premolar , Oclusión Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar , Diente Molar/diagnóstico por imagen
7.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(4): 497-501, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047533

RESUMEN

Abstract: Objective To explore the association of cardiac disease associated genetic variants and the high incidence of Yunnan sudden unexplained death (YNSUD) in Yi nationality. Methods The genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples collected from 205 Yi villagers from YNSUD aggregative villages (inpatient group) and 197 healthy Yi villagers from neighboring villages (control group). Fifty-two single nucleotide variants (SNVs) of 25 cardiac disease associated genes were genotyped using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The SPSS 17.0 was used to analyze data. The pathogenicities of variants with differences between the two groups that have statistical significance were predicted by protein function prediction software PolyPhen-2 and SIFT. All villagers from inpatient group were given electrocardiogram (ECG) examination using a 12-lead electrocardiograph. Results The allele frequency and the genotype frequency of missense mutation DSG2 (rs2278792, c.2318G>A, p.R773K) of pathogenic genes of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) in inpatient group was higher than that in control group (P<0.05). Abnormal ECG changes were detected in 71 individuals (34.6%) in the inpatient group, among which 54 individuals carried R773K mutation, including clockwise (counterclockwise) rotation, left (right) axis deviation, ST segment and T wave alteration and heart-blocking. Conclusion Definite pathogenic mutations have not been found in the 52 cardiac disease genes associated SNVs detected in Yi nationality in regions with high incidence of YNSUD. The cause of high incidence of YNSUD in Yi nationality needs further study.


Asunto(s)
Displasia Ventricular Derecha Arritmogénica , Grupos Étnicos , China/epidemiología , Muerte Súbita/epidemiología , Muerte Súbita/etiología , Muerte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiología , Muerte Súbita Cardíaca/etiología , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Humanos , Incidencia , Mutación
8.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(4): 525-530, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047538

RESUMEN

Abstract: Objective To investigate the epidemiological and forensic characteristics of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) after severe trauma and explore the reference indexes for determining traumatic MODS. Methods In terms of the number of organs or systems involved in MODS, the number of failures of each organ or system, the first failing organ and the survival time after organ failure, 72 cases of MODS death caused by traffic accidents were retrospectively analyzed. The cases were divided into two groups according to the mean injury severity score (ISS). The t test was used to analyze the differences in the number of organs or systems involved in MODS in the two groups. Chi-square test was used to analyze the differences in the types of first failing organs and the differences between the two groups in the number of cases of organ or system failure involved in MODS. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to analyze the differences between the two groups in survival time of MODS after trauma. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was drawn and Log-Rank test was performed. Results The number of MODS involved organs or systems after trauma in ISS≤35 group was 3-5, and 2-4 in the ISS>35 group (P<0.05). The cases of MODS organ or system failure after trauma occurred more in brain and lung in the two groups. The first failing organ after trauma was mainly the lung or kidney. The median time of first organ failure after trauma was 2.00 d, the median survival time of MODS after trauma in ISS≤35 group was 6.00 d, and 2.33 d in ISS>35 group (P<0.05). The survival curve of ISS≤35 group was relatively high and declined gradually, while the survival curve of ISS>35 group was relatively low and the decline was steep (P<0.05). Conclusion The epidemiological and forensic characteristics of MODS caused by traffic accidents have certain specificity. The ISS and the forensic characteristics of MODS at ISS>35 can be used as reliable reference indexes for evaluation of the causal relationship among trauma, MODS and death.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Multiorgánica , Heridas y Traumatismos , Accidentes de Tránsito , Humanos , Puntaje de Gravedad del Traumatismo , Insuficiencia Multiorgánica/epidemiología , Insuficiencia Multiorgánica/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Heridas y Traumatismos/complicaciones
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(14): 7553, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744658

RESUMEN

Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "Long non-coding RNA SNHG7 promotes migration and invasion of melanoma via upregulating SOX4, by C. Zhang, B. Zhu, X.-B. Li, Y.-Q. Cao, J.-C. Yang, X. Li, Y.-X. Liu, Y.-B. Wang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (11): 4828-4834-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201906_18069-PMID: 31210315" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/18069.

10.
Clin Ther ; 42(10): 2001-2009, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861500

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Phenylephrine is a commonly used vasopressor for the treatment of spinal-induced hypotension in obstetric patients, but it is associated with reflex bradycardia and a corresponding decrease in cardiac output. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of continuous epinephrine versus phenylephrine infusion in the prevention of postspinal maternal hypotension. METHODS: Eighty-two women undergoing cesarean delivery were randomly divided into the epinephrine group (group E) and the phenylephrine group (group P). The patients received a continuous infusion of phenylephrine 1 µg kg-1 min-1 or epinephrine 0.1 µg kg-1 min-1 synchronously with intrathecal administration. Hemodynamic parameters were recorded, and umbilical cord blood gases were analyzed after delivery. The incidence of maternal hypotension, bradycardia, nausea, and vomiting was recorded. FINDINGS: Blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output after spinal anesthesia induction were greater in group E than in group P (P < 0.05). In addition, there was a significant difference in the incidence of bradycardia (5% vs 22.5%, P = 0.02) and mean (SD) umbilical artery pH (7.31 [0.07] vs 7.28 [0.06], P = 0.04) between the groups. IMPLICATIONS: With the dose of 0.1 µg kg-1 min-1, infusion of epinephrine is more effective at maintaining blood pressure close to baseline during spinal anesthesia with a lower decrease in maternal heart rate and cardiac output compared with phenylephrine. Epinephrine may be superior to phenylephrine in terms of the incidence of bradycardia and umbilical artery pH. chictr.org.cn identifier: ChiCTR-IIC-17010960.

11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(25): 1956-1961, 2020 Jul 07.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629596

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PECD) assisted by neurophysiology monitoring (NM) in the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR). Methods: The clinical data of 55 patients with CSR treated in the Department of Spinal Surgery of Henan Provincial People's Hospital from April 2015 to May 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 29 patients were treated with multi-mode NM-assisted PECD (NM group) and 26 patients with PECD alone (PECD group). The gender, age, operation time, bleeding volume, average hospital stay and complications between the two groups were recorded and compared. In addition, the visual analogue score (VAS) of neck and upper limb pain and the score of Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) were compared between the two groups before operation, 1 month after the operation and at the last follow-up. These data between groups were compared by independent sample t test. Results: All patients in both groups were followed-up for at least 18 months. Neck VAS and upper limb VAS scores of two groups at 1 month post operation (neck: 2.1±1.2, 2.0±1.1; upper lamb: 2.4±1.2, 2.2±0.8) and the last follow-up (neck:0.8±0.5, 0.7±0.5; upper lamb: 0.8±0.7, 0.8±0.5) decreased significantly when compared with those before the operation (neck: 6.0±1.0, 5.9±1.0; upper lamb: 7.1±0.9, 7.4±0.9) (t=12.670-27.305, all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups (t=-1.107-0.917, all P>0.05). JOA scores of two groups at 1 month after the operation (12.7±0.8, 12.6±0.8), and at the last follow-up (14.6±0.7, 14.4±0.8) were all improved significantly from those before the operation (11.1±1.0, 10.9±0.8) (t=-11.074, -14.829, -9.603, -13.086, all P<0.05); however, there was no significant difference between the two groups (t=0.842, 0.003, both P>0.05). There was also no significant difference in bleeding volume, and operation time between the two groups, (t=-0.615, -0.922, P>0.05) but the average hospital stay and incidence of complications in the NM group were significantly lower than those in the PECD group (t=-2.815, χ(2)=4.755, both P<0.05). Conclusion: Multimode NM-assisted PECD in the treatment of CSR achieves satisfactory results, reducing the average hospital stay, reducing complications and improving surgical safety.


Asunto(s)
Discectomía Percutánea , Fusión Vertebral , Animales , Vértebras Cervicales , Humanos , Monitorización Neurofisiológica , Estudios Retrospectivos , Ovinos , Resultado del Tratamiento
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(13): 7217, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706055

RESUMEN

Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "Circ_0017247 accelerates epithelial-mesenchymal transition in non-small cell lung cancer, by C.-H. Li, Y.-B. Wang, K.-B. Chen, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (3 Suppl): 256-263-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201908_18655-PMID: 31389600" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/18655.

13.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 433-438, 2020 Jun 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486583

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of different dosage regimens of levosimendan in elderly patients with severe heart failure. Methods: Thirty-two patients 75 years or older were randomly divided into a loading dose group (16 cases) in which levosimendan was maintained at 0.1 µg·kg(-1)·min(-1) for 24 h after loaded with 6 µg/kg, and a maintenance dose group (16 cases) with same schedule without loading dose. The amino-terminal brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) before and after treatment was detected. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), stroke volume (SV), stroke volume index (SVI) by echocardiograph were monitored. Adverse events, the length of stay in ICU and 28-day mortality were recorded. Results: The NT-proBNP level in loading group after treatment was 1 950 (922,6 481)ng/L, which was improved than that before treatment [4 018(2 716,9 637)ng/L, P<0.05]. The result was similar in maintenance group [1 390 (599,3 297)ng/L vs. 4 576 (2 681,10 682)ng/L, P<0.05]. LVEF in loading group before and after treatment was (39.4±8.8) % vs. (48.9±9.2) % respectively, while in maintenance group it was (40.4±8.8) % vs. (48.7±12.0) % (both P<0.05). SV were also improved after treatment in both groups compared with baseline levels (P<0.05). NT-proBNP started to decline on day 3 in the loading group, while on day 7 in the maintenance group. SVI recovered on day 14 in the loading group [ (29.4±6.5) ml/m(2) vs. (27.3±6.7) ml/m(2),P<0.05], while it did not change much in the maintenance group. There was no significant differences as to the length of stay in ICU [ (11.1±4.4) d in loading group vs. (9.6±3.5) d in maintenance group] and 28-day mortality rates were comparable (2/16 in loading group vs. 1/16 in maintenance group) . The adverse events were 7 vs. 2 cases in loading group and maintenance group respectively, which were mild and all alleviated. Conclusion: The application of levosimendan only with maintenance dose improves cardiac function in very elderly patients with severe heart failure. Adverse events are mild and manageable.


Asunto(s)
Cardiotónicos/uso terapéutico , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Simendán/uso terapéutico , Vasodilatadores/uso terapéutico , Anciano , Ecocardiografía , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/sangre , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Péptido Natriurético Encefálico/sangre , Fragmentos de Péptidos/sangre , Volumen Sistólico/efectos de los fármacos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Función Ventricular Izquierda
14.
Animal ; 14(11): 2414-2422, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32423522

RESUMEN

The meat quality of chicken is an important factor affecting the consumer's health. It was hypothesized that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) could be effectively deposited in chicken, by incorporating antioxidation of soybean isoflavone (SI), which led to improved quality of chicken meat for good health of human beings. Effects of partial or complete dietary substitution of lard (LA) with linseed oil (LO), with or without SI on growth performance, biochemical indicators, meat quality, fatty acid profiles, lipid-related health indicators and gene expression of breast muscle were examined in chickens. A total of 900 males were fed a corn-soybean meal diet supplemented with 4% LA, 2% LA + 2% LO and 4% LO and the latter two including 30 mg SI/kg (2% LA + 2% LO + SI and 4% LO + SI) from 29 to 66 days of age; each of the five dietary treatments included six replicates of 30 birds. Compared with the 4% LA diet, dietary 4% LO significantly increased the feed efficiency and had no negative effect on objective indices related to meat quality; LO significantly decreased plasma triglycerides and total cholesterol (TCH); abdominal fat percentage was significantly decreased in birds fed the 4% LO and 4% LO + SI diets. Chickens with LO diets resulted in higher contents of α-linolenic acid (C18:3n-3), EPA (C20:5n-3) and total n-3 PUFA, together with a lower content of palmitic acid (C16:0), lignoceric acid (C24:0), saturated fatty acids and n-6:n-3 ratio in breast muscle compared to 4% LA diet (P < 0.05); they also significantly decreased atherogenic index, thrombogenic index and increased the hypocholesterolemic to hypercholesterolemic ratio. Adding SI to the LO diets enhanced the contents of EPA and DHA (C22:6n-3), plasma total superoxide dismutase, reduced glutathione (GSH)/oxidized glutathione and muscle GSH content, while decreased plasma total triglyceride and TCH and malondialdehyde content in plasma and breast muscle compared to its absence (P < 0.05). Expression in breast muscle of fatty acid desaturase 1 (FADS1), FADS2, elongase 2 (ELOVL2) and ELOVL5 genes were significantly higher with the LO diets including SI than with the 4% LA diet. Significant interactions existed between LO level and inclusion of SI on EPA and TCH contents. These findings indicate that diet supplemented with LO combined with SI is an effective alternative when optimizing the nutritional value of chicken meat for human consumers.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(16): 162701, 2020 Apr 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383943

RESUMEN

The ^{12}C(α,γ)^{16}O reaction is one of the most crucial reactions in nuclear astrophysics. The E2 external capture to the ^{16}O ground state (GS) has not been emphasized in previous analyses but may make a significant contribution to the ^{12}C(α,γ)^{16}O cross section depending on the value of the GS asymptotic normalization coefficient (ANC). In the present work, we determine this ANC to be 337±45 fm^{-1/2} through the ^{12}C(^{11}B,^{7}Li)^{16}O reaction using a high-precision magnetic spectrograph. This sheds light on the existing large discrepancy of more than 2 orders of magnitude between the previously reported ANC values. Based on the new ANC, we experimentally constrain the GS external capture and show that through interference with the high energy tail of the 2^{+} subthreshold state, a substantial enhancement in the GS S_{E2}(300) factor can be obtained (70±7 keV b) compared to that of a recent review (45 keV b), resulting in an increase of the total S factor from 140 to 162 keV b, which is now in good agreement with the value obtained by reproducing supernova nucleosynthesis calculations with the solar-system abundances. This work emphasizes that the external capture contribution for the ground state transition cannot be neglected in future analyses of the ^{12}C(α,γ)^{16}O reaction.

16.
Animal ; 14(6): 1322-1332, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915098

RESUMEN

The fatty acid composition of chicken's meat is largely influenced by dietary lipids, which are often used as supplements to increase dietary caloric density. The underlying key metabolites and pathways influenced by dietary oils remain poorly known in chickens. The objective of this study was to explore the underlying metabolic mechanisms of how diets supplemented with mixed or a single oil with distinct fatty acid composition influence the fatty acid profile in breast muscle of Qingyuan chickens. Birds were fed a corn-soybean meal diet supplemented with either soybean oil (control, CON) or equal amounts of mixed edible oils (MEO; soybean oil : lard : fish oil : coconut oil = 1 : 1 : 0.5 : 0.5) from 1 to 120 days of age. Growth performance and fatty acid composition of muscle lipids were analysed. LC-MS was applied to investigate the effects of CON v. MEO diets on lipid-related metabolites in the muscle of chickens at day 120. Compared with the CON diet, chickens fed the MEO diet had a lower feed conversion ratio (P < 0.05), higher proportions of lauric acid (C12:0), myristic acid (C14:0), palmitoleic acid (C16:1n-7), oleic acid (C18:1n-9), EPA (C20:5n-3) and DHA (C22:6n-3), and a lower linoleic acid (C18:2n-6) content in breast muscle (P < 0.05). Muscle metabolome profiling showed that the most differentially abundant metabolites are phospholipids, including phosphatidylcholines (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamines (PE), which enriched the glycerophospholipid metabolism (P < 0.05). These key differentially abundant metabolites - PC (14:0/20:4), PC (18:1/14:1), PC (18:0/14:1), PC (18:0/18:4), PC (20:0/18:4), PE (22:0/P-16:0), PE (24:0/20:5), PE (22:2/P-18:1), PE (24:0/18:4) - were closely associated with the contents of C12:0, C14:0, DHA and C18:2n-6 in muscle lipids (P < 0.05). The content of glutathione metabolite was higher with MEO than CON diet (P < 0.05). Based on these results, it can be concluded that the diet supplemented with MEO reduced the feed conversion ratio, enriched the content of n-3 fatty acids and modified the related metabolites (including PC, PE and glutathione) in breast muscle of chickens.


Asunto(s)
Pollos/fisiología , Grasas Insaturadas en la Dieta/farmacología , Ácidos Grasos/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/fisiología , Animales , Dieta/veterinaria , Grasas Insaturadas en la Dieta/administración & dosificación , Suplementos Dietéticos , Ácidos Grasos/química , Metabolismo de los Lípidos , Metaboloma
19.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(1): 23-28, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887832

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the association of GNA11 gene polymorphisms with the risk of adult-onset non-surgical hypoparathyroidism (Ns-HypoPT). Methods: Genotyping of GNA11 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs28685098, rs4806907, rs11084997 and rs78003011) was carried out in 203 patients and 209 healthy participants by sequenom MassArray iPLEX System. These SNPs are located in promoter and 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of GNA11 gene, respectively. Results: Allele and genotype frequencies of rs11084997 in patients were significantly different from those of controls (genotype GG:60.5% vs. 49.8%, GC: 35.5% vs. 41.6%, CC: 4.0% vs. 8.6%, P=0.038; G allele 78.3% vs. 70.6%, C allele 21.7% vs. 29.4%, P=0.012), and the C allele of rs11084997 carriers had a lower risk to develops Ns-HypoPT in additive and dominant genetic models [OR=0.382 (0.160-0.915), 0.647 (0.437-0.957)]. CC-Haplotype formed by the minor alleles of rs4806907 and rs11084997 was associated with a decreased risk of Ns-HypoPT in additive, dominant and recessive genetic model [OR=0.317 (0.126-0.801), 0.640 (0.430-0.952), 0.367 (0.148-0.912)]. Conclusion: The minor allele C of rs11084997 in GNA11 gene promoter was associated with decreased risk of Ns-HypoPT in Chinese population.


Asunto(s)
Subunidades alfa de la Proteína de Unión al GTP/genética , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Hipoparatiroidismo/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática , Estudios de Casos y Controles , China , Subunidades alfa de la Proteína de Unión al GTP/metabolismo , Frecuencia de los Genes , Genotipo , Humanos , Hipoparatiroidismo/diagnóstico , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple
20.
Pol J Vet Sci ; 22(4): 717-723, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867929

RESUMEN

Pseudorabies (PR) outbreaks have devastated many swine farms in several parts of China since late 2011. The outbreak-associated pseudorabies virus (PRV) variant strains exhibited some typical amino acid changes in glycoprotein E (gE), a diagnostic antigen used for discriminating between PRV-infected and vaccinated animals (DIVA). To counteract the potential impact of epitope variations on current serological diagnostics of PRV, we produced monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against gE protein of one representative PRV variant strain and developed a blocking immunoperoxidase monolayer assay (b-IPMA) for DIVA. The b-IPMA was based on the inhibition of binding between PRV-infected cells and mAb by PRV-specific antibodies present in clinical swine sera and was validated by comparison with a commercial PRV gpI Antibody Test Kit (IDEXX Laboratories, USA). The diagnostic sensitivity, diagnostic specificity and agreement were determined to be 99.25%, 98.18% and 99.02% respectively upon testing 509 serum samples. b-IPMA detected only PRV-specific antibodies and showed no cross- -reactivity with antibodies elicited by gE-deleted vaccine or other common swine pathogens. Thus, b-IPMA has the potential to be used for high-throughput screening of PRV-infected animals in veterinary clinics.


Asunto(s)
Herpesvirus Suido 1/inmunología , Técnicas para Inmunoenzimas/veterinaria , Vacunas contra la Seudorrabia/inmunología , Seudorrabia/prevención & control , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/virología , Animales , Anticuerpos Monoclonales , Anticuerpos Antivirales/sangre , China/epidemiología , Brotes de Enfermedades/veterinaria , Epítopos , Unión Proteica , Seudorrabia/diagnóstico , Seudorrabia/virología , Porcinos , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/diagnóstico , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/epidemiología
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