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2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 309-312, 2021 Apr 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834453

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in the prenatal screening and its role in the system of prenatal diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 22 649 singleton pregnant women who were registered and finally delivered or had induced labor at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Capital Medical University were enrolled. The routes of prenatal screening were analyzed to evaluate the efficacy of prenatal screening. Meanwhile, 9268 pregnant women who underwent invasive prenatal diagnosis procedure were enrolled. The indications and results of prenatal diagnosis were analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of prenatal screening. RESULTS: 60.24% of singleton pregnant women have opted for Down syndrome screening, and their age was mainly under 35. The proportion of women opted for NIPT was 34.74%, and were mainly between 35 and 39. The overall diagnostic rate of trisomy 21, 18 and 13 trisomy for those with high risk by NIPT was 0.89%, which yielded a positive predictive value of 75.71%. For those with moderate risk by serum screening, 0.30% was predicted with a high risk by NIPT. Among women undergoing prenatal diagnosis, 63.04% and 21.22% had the indication of advanced age or high risk by serum screening, and the positive predictive values were 5.1% and 5.13%, respectively. By contrast, 2.30% of women undergoing prenatal diagnosis had a high risk by NIPT, which yielded a positive predictive value of 54.46%. CONCLUSION: With the change of the age composition of pregnant women and increase in the complexity of pregnancy in China, to build a prenatal screening system based on NIPT will be helpful to improve the efficiency of the current system of prenatal screening and diagnosis.

3.
Arch Oral Biol ; 126: 105117, 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845260

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Rodent incisors and molars show different eruption patterns. Dental follicles and their interaction with dental epithelia play key roles in tooth eruption. However, little is known about the differences between incisor dental follicle (IF) and molar dental follicle (MF) during tooth eruption of rodents. This study aimed to investigate the differences between IF and MF during tooth eruption under induction with cervical-loop cells (CLC) and Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) cells of rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CLC, HERS, IF, MF cells were isolated from 10 postnatal day 7 rats and identified by immunofluorescence staining. CLC or HERS cells-derived conditioned medium (CM) was obtained to induce IF and MF cells. Cell proliferation, mineralization, gene and protein expression related to tooth eruption were detected, and histological analysis was also performed. RESULTS: The osteogenic differentiation and mineralization abilities of IF cells were stronger than those of MF cells. Both CLC and HERS cells-derived CM enhanced these abilities of IF cells, whereas they showed the opposite effect on MF cells. At 7, 10, and 15 d after birth, IF cells expressed more OPG and less RANKL than MF cells. CONCLUSIONS: IF and MF cells present distinct characteristics in tooth eruption, CLC and HERS cells have significant inductive effects on them.

4.
Theranostics ; 11(11): 5279-5295, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859747

RESUMEN

Intracellular accumulation of tau is a hallmark pathology in Alzheimer disease (AD) and the related tauopathies, thus targeting tau could be promising for drug development. Proteolysis Targeting Chimera (PROTAC) is a novel drug discovery strategy for selective protein degradation from within cells. Methods: A novel small-molecule PROTAC, named as C004019 with a molecular mass of 1,035.29 dalton, was designed to simultaneously recruite tau and E3-ligase (Vhl) and thus to selectively enhance ubiquitination and proteolysis of tau proteins. Western blotting, immunofluoresence and immunohistochemical staining were employed to verify the effects of C004019 in cell models (HEK293 and SH-SY5Y) and mouse models (hTau-transgenic and 3xTg-AD), respectively. The cognitive capacity of the mice was assessed by a suite of behavior experiments. Electrophysiology and Golgi staining were used to evaluate the synaptic plasticity. Results: C004019 induced a robust tau clearance via promoting its ubiquitination-proteasome-dependent proteolysis in HEK293 cells with stable or transient overexpression of human tau (hTau), and in SH-SY5Y that constitutively overexpress hTau. Furthermore, intracerebral ventricular infusion of C004019 induced a robust tau clearance in vivo. Most importantly, both single-dose and multiple-doses (once per 6 days for a total 5 times) subcutaneous administration of C004019 remarkably decreased tau levels in the brains of wild-type, hTau-transgenic and 3xTg-AD mice with improvement of synaptic and cognitive functions. Conclusions: The PROTAC (C004019) created in the current study can selectively and efficiently promote tau clearance both in vitro and in vivo, which provides a promising drug candidate for AD and the related tauopathies.

5.
Bioresour Technol ; 329: 124913, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711716

RESUMEN

This study investigated the tolerance, defensive response and methanogenic pathways of anaerobic granular slugde and anaerobic suspended sludge (AGS and ASS) exposed to different LCM concentrations. AGS presented a higher tolerance to LCM stress, accompanied with 20.8 ± 2.6% enhancement in methane production at 1000 mg/L LCM, which was likely attributed to the less cell deaths and extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) protection. In the acidification stage, acetate accumulation was stimulated and the activity of acetate kinase was promoted by LCM. In the methanogenesis stage, propionate and butyrate utilization for methane production were impaired after LCM addition. LCM also improved the activity of pyruvate-ferredoxin oxidoreductase and strengthened the process of hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis, likely by accelerating interspecies electron transfer mediated by hydrogen. ErmB and ermF were the dominate LCM resistance genes in AGS under LCM pressure conferring the resistance mechanism of ribosomal protection.


Asunto(s)
Biocombustibles , Aguas del Alcantarillado , Anaerobiosis , Reactores Biológicos , Lincomicina , Metano
6.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(8): 1753-1759, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33746592

RESUMEN

Background: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive cancer subtype lacking effective treatment options, and p53 is the most frequently mutated or deleted gene. Carboxypeptidase A4 (CPA4) is an extracellular metallocarboxypeptidase, which was closely associated with aggressiveness. Although a recent study indicated that CPA4 could induce epithelial­mesenchymal transition in breast cancer cells, no studies investigated its stemness-related function and the correlation between CPA4 and p53 in TNBC. In this study, we aimed to investigate the CPA4 levels in breast cancer tissues and analyze its association with p53, and study its roles in cancer stemness maintenance. Methods: CPA4 mRNA level and its prognostic value were analyzed by using online database UALCAN (http://ualcan.path.uab.edu) and Kaplan-Meier plotter (www.kmplot.com), respectively. The expression of CPA4, p53 and ALDH1A1 in breast cancer and adjacent normal tissues were evaluated by IHC using the corresponding primary antibodies on a commercial tissue array (Shanghai Biochip Co., Ltd., Shanghai, China). siRNA knockdown was used to study the function of proliferation, colony formation assay and sphere formation in serum-free medium. Results: Analysis of the UALCAN datasets identified that CPA4 mRNA levels were elevated in TNBC, especially in the TP53-mutant subgroup. Furthermore, high levels of CPA4 mRNA were significantly associated with unfavourable overall survival OS in breast cancer patients. Immunohistochemistical analysis demonstrated that CPA4 levels were elevated in 32.1% of breast cancer samples (45/140), and the positive rates of ALDH1A1 and p53 in the breast cancer tissues were 25% (35/140) and 50% (70/140), respectively. Statistical analysis revealed high levels of CPA4 was significantly associated with TNBC phenotype. Correlation analysis indicated that CPA4 over-expression was positively associated with ALDH1A1 (P<0.01) and negatively correlated with p53 (P<0.05). In Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, either high CPA4 or ALDH1A1 levels was significantly correlated with poor survival in breast cancer patients. Functional studies demonstrated that down-regulation of CPA4 significantly inhibited TNBC cell proliferation, colony-formation assays in soft agar and sphere formation in serum-free medium. Conclusion: This study demonstrated for the first time that CPA4 was negatively correlates with p53 expression and inhibition of CPA4 could reduce the number of breast cancer cells with stemness property. It might be a potential target for the TNBC treatment.

7.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691450

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Limited case reports of metastatic spinal bladder cancer (MSBC) have been published to date. Owing to the rarity of this condition, it has not been well-studied and it is thus difficult to predict patient prognosis or to plan appropriate clinical treatment strategies for MSBC. This study is by far the largest clinical case series on MSBC worldwide. METHODS: Six patients with MSBC were included from January 2010 to May 2020 at the bone tumor center of orthopedics department in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Clinical information, radiological data, operative notes, and pathological results of all patients were reviewed. Baseline clinical data of all patients were retrospectively analyzed, and regular follow-up was performed postoperatively. Overall survival (OS) was the time from the initial spinal surgery to the death of patients or the end of May 2020, whichever came first. RESULTS: All six patients with MSBC were male patients, with an average age of 68.1±12.8 years. The mean interval between surgery for primary BC and the first discovery of spinal metastases was 15.6 [2-33] months. Overall, nine spinal operations were performed in the six patients. The mean follow-up period was 11.0±4.2 (range: 7-18) months. All patients (100%) died from MSBC during the follow-up period, with a mean OS of 11.0±4.2 (range: 7-18) months. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with MSBC had a poor prognosis in this study. Spinal surgery combined with adjuvant therapy may contribute to relieving the clinical symptoms and improve the quality of life of patients. Appropriate surgical treatment options should be selected according to patients' general condition and relevant characteristics of spinal metastases.

8.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 165, 2021 Feb 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568117

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To analyze how pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) treatment of severe Scheuermann thoracolumbar kyphosis (STLK) using pedicle screw instrumentation affects sagittal spinopelvic parameters. BACKGROUND: The medical literature on the post-surgical effects of treatments such as Ponte osteotomy is limited, but suggests few effects on spinopelvic profiles. Currently, there is no research regarding changes in sagittal spinopelvic alignment upon PSO treatment in STLK patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study on 11 patients with severe STLK. These patients underwent posterior-only correction surgeries with PSO and pedicle screw instrumentation between 2012 to 2017 in a single institute. Patients were measured for the following spinopelvic parameters: global kyphosis (GK), thoracic kyphosis (TK), thoracolumbar kyphosis (TL), lumbar lordosis (LL), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tile (PT), sacral slope (SS), and administered a Scoliosis Research Society-22 questionnaire (SRS-22) pre-operation, post-operation and at final follow-up. RESULTS: GK improved from a median of 74.1° to 40.0° after surgery, achieving a correction rate of 48.8% with a median correction loss of 0.8°. TK, TL and LL all showed significant difference (P < 0.05) and SVA improved 22.7 (11.6, 30.9) mm post operation. No significant difference was found in pelvic parameters (PI, PT, SS, all P < 0.05). The absolute value of LL- PI significantly improved from a median of 26.5° pre-operation to 6.1° at the final follow-up. 72.7% in this series showed an evident trend of thoracic and lumbar apices migrating closer to ideal physiological segments after surgery. Self-reported scores of pain, self-image, and mental health from SRS-22 revealed significant improvement at final follow-up (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PSO treatment of severe STLK with pedicle screw instrumentation can improve spine alignment and help obtain a proper alignment of the spine and the pelvis.

9.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(2): 1825-1833, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353354

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study intends to discuss the clinical features, therapeutic strategies, and patients' prognostic features and to share our expertise in handling this entity. Current research is one of Asia's extensive MSCCA clinical studies until now. METHODS: Four MSCCA patients who were operated in our hospital's bone tumor center from January 2010 to January 2020 were chosen. Our team reviewed a retrospective study of the medical history and records of surgery, imaging data, and pathology reports (both primary and metastatic spinal tumors) of all MSCCA patients. We applied two surgical therapies in this study, including open surgery and percutaneous vertebroplasty. A predetermined analysis of patients' original clinical data was performed, and regular followup was performed after the operation. RESULTS: Of the four patients, one was male and three were female. The age ranged from 60 to 70 years. The time duration between the diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and the diagnosis of spinal metastases ranged from 0 to 11 months. Spinal metastatic disease was mainly located in the thoracic spine (n=4; 100%), followed by the cervical spine (n=1; 25.0%). Postoperatively, in the four patients, the symptoms improved and the VAS score was decreased. During the follow-up visit, the progression of the local spinal tumors at the site of primary spinal surgery was detected in three patients (75.0%). Three patients died from the disease during the follow-up period, and one patient is still alive. The time ranged from 6 to 13 months for spinal surgery to the patient's death. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, the prognosis of patients with MSCCA is poor. Surgical treatment can dramatically improve patients' quality of life and helps to extend a patient's survival. In terms of surgical treatment, appropriate surgical treatment should be selected according to the general condition of the patient and the relevant characteristics of spinal metastases.

10.
Transl Oncol ; 14(2): 100993, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333372

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to design a weighted co-expression network and a breast cancer (BC) prognosis evaluation system using a specific whole-genome expression profile combined with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related genes; thus, providing the basis and reference for assessing the prognosis risk of spreading of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) to the bone. METHODS: Four gene expression datasets of a large number of samples from GEO were downloaded and combined with the dbEMT database to screen out EMT differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Using the GSE20685 dataset as a training set, we designed a weighted co-expression network for EMT DEGs, and the hub genes most relevant to metastasis were selected. We chose eight hub genes to build prognostic assessment models to estimate the 3-, 5-, and 10-year survival rates. We evaluated the models' independent predictive abilities using univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses. Two GEO datasets related to bone metastases from BC were downloaded and used to perform differential genetic analysis. We used CIBERSORT to distinguish 22 immune cell types based on tumor transcripts. RESULTS: Differential expression analysis showed a total of 304 DEGs, which were mainly related to proteoglycans in cancer, and the PI3K/Akt and the TGF-ß signaling pathways, as well as mesenchyme development, focal adhesion, and cytokine binding functionally. The 50 hub genes were selected, and a survival-related linear risk assessment model consisting of eight genes (FERMT2, ITGA5, ITGB1, MCAM, CEMIP, HGF, TGFBR1, F2RL2) was constructed. The survival rate of patients in the high-risk group (HRG) was substantially lower than that of the low-risk group (LRG), and the 3-, 5-, and 10-year AUCs were 0.68, 0.687, and 0.672, respectively. In addition, we explored the DEGs of BC bone metastasis, and BMP2, BMPR2, and GREM1 were differentially expressed in both data sets. In GSE20685, memory B cells, resting memory T cell CD4 cells, T regulatory cells (Tregs), γδ T cells, monocytes, M0 macrophages, M2 macrophages, resting dendritic cells (DCs), resting mast cells, and neutrophils exhibited substantially different distribution between HRG and LRG. In GSE45255, there was a considerable difference in abundance of activated NK cells, monocytes, M0 macrophages, M2 macrophages, resting DCs, and neutrophils in HRG and LRG. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the weighted co-expression network for breast-cancer-metastasis-related DEGs, we screened hub genes to explore a prognostic model and the immune infiltration patterns of MBC. The results of this study provided a factual basis to bioinformatically explore the molecular mechanisms of the spread of MBC to the bone and the possibility of predicting the survival of patients.

11.
Environ Pollut ; 267: 115415, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254710

RESUMEN

In this study, we present the application of a dual-isotope approach for the source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and black carbon (BC) in the East China Sea (ECS). The δ13C and δ2H isotope signatures of the PAHs were determined from surface sediments collected from the ECS. A Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) model was used to the environmental source identifications with dual-isotope PAHs data. The results indicate that the coal combustion source is predominant (with average of 41%) in the ECS. Liquid fossil fuels combustion, biomass combustion, and petrogenic sources account for 23%, 20%, and 12% of the total PAH burden, respectively. Additionally, we also determine the stable and radio carbon isotopes (δ13C and Δ14C) of total BC in sediment samples of the ECS. The results demonstrate the quantitative source apportionments for different sources, reflecting the contributions of fossil fuels (coal combustion and petroleum-related emissions), biomass (C3 and C4 plants) combustion, and rock-weathering sources. The fossil combustion in BC accounts for 67%, with 23% for biomass sources, meanwhile the rock weathering source in BC is an average of 10%. These results show a remarkable similarity and extensive homologies at source apportionment of PAHs and BC in the ECS, even though some differences in source mechanisms and processes. These findings on the environmental source apportionment will provide a reference for improved emission inventories, and will help to provide guidance for the efforts to mitigate environmental pollution in the coastal areas and marginal sea.

12.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262136

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are under investigation as a minimally invasive liquid biopsy that may improve risk stratification and treatment selection. CTCs uniquely allow for digital pathology of individual malignant cell morphology and marker expression. We compared CTC features and T-cell counts with survival endpoints in a cohort of metastatic genitourinary (mGU) cancer patients treated with combination immunotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Markers evaluated included pan-CK/CD45/PD-L1/DAPI for CTCs and CD4/CD8/Ki-67/DAPI for T cells. ANOVA was used to compare CTC burden and T-cell populations across time points. Differences in survival and disease progression were evaluated using the maximum log-rank test. RESULTS: From 12/2016-01/2019, 183 samples from 81 patients were tested. CTCs were found in 75% of patients at baseline. CTC burden was associated with shorter OS at baseline (p=0.022) but not on therapy. Five morphologic subtypes were detected, and the presence of 2 specific subtypes with unique cellular features at baseline and on therapy were associated with worse OS (0.9-2.3 mos vs. 28.2 mos,p<0.0001-0.013). Increasing CTC heterogeneity on therapy had a trend towards worse OS (p=0.045). PDL1+ CTCs on therapy were associated with worse OS (p<0.01,cycle 2). Low baseline and on-therapy CD4/CD8 counts were also associated with poor OS and response category. CONCLUSIONS: Shorter survival may be associated with high CTC counts at baseline, presence of specific CTC morphologic subtypes, PD-L1+ CTCs, and low %CD4/8 T cells in mGU cancer patients. A future study is warranted to validate the prognostic utility of CTC heterogeneity and detection of specific CTC morphologies.

13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356102

RESUMEN

Non-fullerene organic photovoltaics (OPVs) have displayed the highest power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) among OPVs. Herein, we describe a two-donor (PM6, TPD-3F)/one-acceptor (Y6) ternary blend having an optimized blend morphology that leads to improved OPV performance. Because TPD-3F has a HOMO energy level deeper than that of PM6, the value of VOC of the corresponding ternary device increased. Good miscibility between PM6 and TPD-3F, in conjunction with device optimization through the use of 1-chloronaphthalene as an additive, provided an optimized ternary blend morphology for efficient exciton dissociation and carrier transport and, therefore, larger PCE. Compared with the preoptimized PM6:Y6 binary device, the ternary device functioned with improvements in its short-circuit current density, value of VOC, and fill factor. As a result, the device PCE improved from 15.5 ± 0.19 to 16.6 ± 0.25% under AM 1.5G (100 mW cm-2) irradiation. The champion cell exhibited a PCE of 17.0%-a value that is one of the highest for a ternary OPV. Furthermore, such devices exhibited outstanding shelf lifetimes, with long-term stability in air (25 °C, 40% humidity) without encapsulation; the performance remained high (at 15.4%) after storage for 820 h.

14.
Front Chem ; 8: 593291, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240852

RESUMEN

Forensic chemistry deals with the analysis of various types of physical evidences related to crime, corresponding to the detection of target substances or elements in complex matrices. There is a vital need for highly selective, rapid, and sensitive biosensing technologies in heavy metal ions analysis especially those from living persons, autopsy, food, water, soil, and other identified substances at very preliminary stages. Fluorescent materials-based method for heavy metal ions detection is one of the most important analytical methods, resulting in the ability to measure analytes in complex matrices with unsurpassed selectivity and sensitivity. In this mini review, different fluorescent materials-based analytical methods aiming at several heavy metal ions detection are exclusively reviewed through a comprehensive literature survey. In addition, current challenges to achieve integrated evidence analysis process are briefly discussed to provide an outlook for heavy metal ions detection based on fluorescent analytical methods in the forensic chemistry field.

15.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 116: 103928, 2020 Nov 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242568

RESUMEN

Cathelicidins are an important family of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), which play pivotal roles in vertebrate immune responses against microbial infections. They are regarded as potential drug leads for the development of novel antimicrobial agents and three related drugs have been developed into clinical trials. Thus, it is meaningful to identify more cathelicidins from vertebrate species. Cathelicidins from ranid frogs possess special structural characteristics and activities, but to date only 12 ranid frog cathelicidins have been identified. In the present study, two novel cathelicidins (PN-CATH1 and 2) were identified from the black-spotted frog, Pelophylax nigromaculata. PN-CATHs possess low sequence similarity with the known cathelicidins. They exhibited moderate, but broad-spectrum and rapid antimicrobial activities against the tested bacteria. They kill bacteria by mainly inducing bacterial membrane disruption and possibly generating intracellular ROS formation. They also possess potent anti-biofilm and persister cell killing activity, indicating their potential in combating infections induced by biofilms-forming bacteria. Besides direct antimicrobial activity, they exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activity by effectively inhibiting the LPS-induced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in mouse macrophages, which could be partly ascribed to their direct LPS-neutralizing ability. Furthermore, PN-CATHs demonstrated powerful in vitro free radical scavenging activities. Ultraviolet radiation significantly increased their in vivo gene expression in frog skin. Meanwhile, they possess weak cytotoxic activity and extremely low hemolytic activity. PN-CATHs represent the first discovery of cathelicidins family AMPs with both potent anti-infective and antioxidant activities. The discovery of PN-CATHs provides potential peptide leads for the development of novel anti-infective and antioxidant drugs.

16.
Global Spine J ; : 2192568220972080, 2020 Nov 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203246

RESUMEN

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVES: To present outcomes concerning patients with early-onset mixed-type congenital scoliosis (EOMTCS) treated with the traditional single growing rod (TSGR), focusing on the growth of unsegmented levels (USLs). METHODS: Patients with EOMTCS who underwent TSGR and had a minimum of 4 USLs, 4 distractions, and 3-year follow-up were enrolled. Spine radiographs before and after index surgery and at the latest follow-up were evaluated. The length of the concave and convex side of USLs and thoracic parameters were measured. The absolute value and percentage of growth were calculated. RESULTS: Fourteen patients (mean age, 7.3 ± 2.8 years) were enrolled. The average follow-up duration was 4.9 ± 1.2 years, during which time 84 distractions and 8 final fusions were performed. The average number of USLs was 6.3 ± 2.2. The total and annual percent growth of concave side of USLs was significantly higher than convex side (32.2 ± 13.3% vs. 23.9 ± 9.5%, p = 0.007; 6.8 ± 2.7%/year vs. 5.1% ± 2.2%/year, p = 0.007, respectively). The concave-to-convex ratio of USLs increased from 58.6 ± 6.4 ± 7.6% at baseline to 68.8 ± 9.3% at the latest follow-up (p < 0.001). The Campbell's space available for lung ratio increased from 74.9 ± 11.1% at baseline to 89.6 ± 7.0% at the latest follow-up (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with EOMTCS, unilateral repetitive lengthening with TSGR can accelerate the growth of the concave side of USLs and improve the symmetry of the thorax.

17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 18536, 2020 Oct 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116168

RESUMEN

On 3 July 2015, the Mw 6.5 Pishan earthquake occurred at the junction of the southwestern margin of the Tarim Basin and the northwestern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. To understand the seismogenic mechanism and the post-seismic deformation behavior, we investigated the characteristics of the post-seismic deformation fields in the seismic area, using 9 Sentinel-1A TOPS synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images acquired from 18 July 2015 to 22 September 2016 with the Small Baseline Subset Interferometric SAR (SBAS-InSAR) technique. Postseismic LOS deformation displayed logarithmic behavior, and the temporal evolution of the post-seismic deformation is consistent with the aftershock sequence. The main driving mechanism of near-field post-seismic displacement was most likely to be afterslip on the fault and the entire creep process consists of three creeping stages. Afterward, we used the steepest descent method to invert the afterslip evolution process and analyzed the relationship between post-seismic afterslip and co-seismic slip. The results witness that 447 days after the mainshock (22 September 2016), the afterslip was concentrated within one principal slip center. It was located 5-25 km along the fault strike, 0-10 km along with the fault dip, with a cumulative peak slip of 0.18 m. The 447 days afterslip seismic moment was approximately 2.65 × 1017 N m, accounting for approximately 4.1% of the co-seismic geodetic moment. The deep afterslip revealed that a creeping process from steady-state "secondary" creeping to accelerating "tertiary" creep in the deep of fault. The future seismic hazard deserves further attention and research.

18.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 9893-9904, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116847

RESUMEN

Objective: Metastatic spinal differentiated thyroid carcinoma (MSDTC) is relatively rare in the clinic and often overlooked. The objective of the current study is to analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with MSDTC who underwent surgical treatment to determine the prognostic factors that affect survival. Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and postoperative follow-up results of MSDTC patients who underwent spinal surgery at the Orthopedic Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2010 to January 2020. Clinical data and survival time were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: Eleven patients were included, and the average age was 58.3 years (range 37‒74). The average time from the initial surgery to the discovery of spinal metastasis was 42.9 months (range 0‒132), and the average follow-up time was 21.8 months (range 3‒80). Progression was identified in seven patients, and 10 patients (90.9%) died during the follow-up period. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that extraosseous visceral metastasis (p=0.012), revised Tokuhashi score (p=0.035), Tomita score (p=0.038), and surgical method (p=0.028) were associated with overall survival (OS). In addition, skeletal visceral metastasis (p=0.017), revised Tokuhashi score (p=0.028), Tomita score (p=0.038), and surgical method (p=0.049) were associated with progression-free survival (PFS). Conclusion: Surgical treatment is an effective method for treating MSDTC and leads to pain relief, restored function and increased spinal stability. Based on our single-center experience, extraosseous visceral metastasis, revised Tokuhashi score, Tomita score, and surgical methods may be potential prognostic factors for OS whilst visceral metastasis, revised Tokuhashi score, Tomita score, and surgical methods may be potential prognostic factors for PFS.

19.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081481

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To improve the understanding of the characteristics of rare pancreatic cancer spinal metastatic disease and share our experience in coping with this disease. Although spinal metastasis of pancreatic cancer is extremely rare clinically, and the prognosis of the primary tumor is very poor, pancreatic cancer spinal metastasis has received insufficient attention in clinical practice and is only described in a limited number of case reports or series. The purpose of the present study is to discuss the clinical features, prognostic characteristics, and treatment of individuals with pancreatic cancer spinal metastases. METHODS: Four patients with clinical symptoms caused by metastatic spinal pancreatic cancer (MSPC) were selected from patients treated in our department between January 2010 and January 2020. Patients' clinical and surgical records, imaging data, and pathology reports were reviewed by our team. A retrospective analysis of patient clinical data was conducted. RESULTS: Of the four patients, one was male and three were female. The average age was 68.0 (range: 61-79) years old. The average time between the pancreatic cancer diagnosis and the diagnosis of spinal metastases was 10.5 (range: 0-24) months. Spinal metastatic disease was primarily found in the thoracic spine (n=3; 75.0%), and the lumbar spine (n=2; 50.0%). During follow-up, local tumor progression was found in all four patients (100%), all of whom died of pancreatic cancer during follow-up visits. The median time between spinal surgery and death was 16.3 (range: 12-19) months. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, pancreatic cancer patient that have spinal metastases exhibit a poor prognosis, with a survival time shorter than for any other malignant tumor. Percutaneous vertebroplasty may become an effective treatment option for pancreatic cancer spinal metastasis, which can significantly improve the patient's symptoms.

20.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 7515-7525, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903851

RESUMEN

Objective: The purpose of this study is to provide key information on the clinical characteristics, surgical treatment, and potential prognostic factors in patients with metastatic spinal gynecologic cancer (MSGC), with a view to their application in clinical practice. Methods: From January 2010 to January 2020, we performed a retrospective analysis of 14 patients with MSGC who underwent surgical treatment in a single center. Surgical treatment was performed on 14 patients, and a total of 14 operations were performed. The survival time of patients after spinal surgery was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis. Results: The average age of patients was 51.9 years (range 25‒70). The average time from initial surgery to the discovery of spinal metastasis was 60.3 months (2‒180), and the average follow-up time was 19.2 months (2‒55). Spinal tumor progression was found in 9 patients, and 12 patients (85.7%) died during follow-up. In univariate analysis, extraosseous visceral metastasis (p = 0.024), revised Tokuhashi stage (p = 0.025), Tomita stage (p = 0.005), and number of spinal lesions (p = 0.038) were associated with overall survival (OS). Extraosseous visceral metastasis (p = 0.026), revised Tokuhashi stage (p = 0.014), Tomita stage (p = 0.001), and gynecological cancer type (p = 0.039) were associated with progression-free survival. Conclusion: Surgical treatment is an effective treatment for MSGC and relieves pain, restores function and rebuilds stability. Based on our single-center experience, extraosseous visceral metastasis, revised Tokuhashi stage, Tomita stage, and gynecological cancer type may be potential prognostic factors for OS.

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