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1.
Nutrition ; 89: 111230, 2021 Mar 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838492

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: With the prevalence of diabetes worldwide, it is urgent to find a suitable treatment. Recently, the ketogenic diet has shown beneficial effects in reducing blood glucose, but some concerns have been raised about its probable side effects, such as hyperlipidemia and hepatic steatosis. Because a low-carbohydrate diet replaces part of the fat with carbohydrates on the basis of the ketogenic diet, we would like to know whether it does better in treating type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to explore the possibility of a low-carbohydrate diet as a substitute for a ketogenic diet intervention in mice with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: C57 BL/6 J mice with type 2 diabetes, constructed by a high-fat diet combined with streptozotocin, were fed a standard diet, a high-fat diet, a low-carbohydrate diet, or a ketogenic diet for 14 wk, respectively. Then glucose and insulin tolerance tests were conducted. At the end of the study, blood and liver samples were collected and analyzed for serum biochemical indicators, histopathologic evaluation, hepatic lipid and glycogen content, and expression levels of mRNA and protein. RESULTS: Reduced blood glucose could be observed in both low-carbohydrate and ketogenic diets, as well as improvement in glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. However, the ketogenic diet decreased liver glycogen content and promoted gluconeogenesis. Mechanistically, this effect was due to inhibition of phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase, which could be improved by a low-carbohydrate diet. Regarding lipid metabolism, the ketogenic diet increased lipid oxidation and reduced de novo lipogenesis, but the hepatic lipid content still inevitably increased. On the contrary, the low-carbohydrate diet reduced triacylglycerols and markers of liver damage. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these findings suggest that both diets are effective in lowering blood glucose, improving glucose tolerance, and raising insulin sensitivity. Moreover, the low-carbohydrate diet plays a role in inhibiting hepatic gluconeogenesis and improving lipid metabolism. The results suggest that the two diets have different effects on glucose and lipid metabolism, and that the low-carbohydrate diet might have more benefits in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

2.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 110, 2021 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838669

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) has long been regarded as a disease of cartilage degeneration, whereas mounting evidence implies that low-grade inflammation contributes to OA. Among inflammatory cells involved, macrophages play a crucial role and are mediated by the local microenvironment to exhibit different phenotypes and polarization states. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to uncover the phenotypic alterations of macrophages during OA and summarized the potential therapeutic interventions via modulating macrophages. METHODS: A systematic review of multiple databases (PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, Medline) was performed up to February 29, 2020. Included articles were discussed and evaluated by two independent reviewers. Relevant information was analyzed with a standardized and well-designed template. RESULTS: A total of 28 studies were included. Results were subcategorized into two sections depending on sources from human tissue/cell-based studies (12 studies) and animal experiments (16 studies). The overall observation indicated that M1 macrophages elevated in both synovium and circulation during OA development, along with lower numbers of M2 macrophages. The detailed alterations of macrophages in both synovium and circulation were listed and analyzed. Furthermore, interventions against OA via regulating macrophages in animal models were highlighted. CONCLUSION: This study emphasized the importance of the phenotypic alterations of macrophages in OA development. The classical phenotypic subcategory of M1 and M2 macrophages was questionable due to controversial and conflicting results. Therefore, further efforts are needed to categorize macrophages in an exhaustive manner and to use advanced technologies to identify the individual roles of each subtype of macrophages in OA.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 596: 342-351, 2021 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839360

RESUMEN

The promising photocatalytic conversion of CO2 into valuable fuel promotes the development of photocatalyst through various methods. In this work, TiO2 nanoparticle was composited with covalent porphyrin polymers (COP-Ps) to fabricate composite photocatalysts. The resultant COP-Ps/TiO2 composites by in situ hydrothermal method exhibit much improved photocatalytic activity for the conversion of CO2 into CO relative to two components, and it is attributable to improved charge transfer between two moieties led by strong interaction. Especially, TiO2 is composited more evenly with the sulfonated hollow COP-P (sh-COP-P). The resultant composite sh-COP-P/TiO2 performs best with a CO production rate of 5.70 µmol·g-1·h-1, which is approximately 20.4 times as high as that of pure TiO2 and 2.3 times of sh-COP-P polymer. For comparison, the simple physical mixture of sh-COP-P and TiO2 (sm-sh-COP-P/TiO2) was fabricated, and it performs more badly due to poor mixing uniformity. A Z-scheme photocatalytic mechanism was proposed for sh-COP-P/TiO2 composite on the basis of energy band analysis and hydroxyl radical test. This study provides a new in situ strategy to fabricate organic polymer/metal oxide composites of high photocatalytic activity for CO2 reduction.

4.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855854

RESUMEN

In situ surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy is used to identify the key reaction intermediates during the plasma-based removal of NO and SO2 under dry and wet conditions on Ag nanoparticles. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are used to confirm the experimental observations by calculating the vibrational modes of the surface-bound intermediate species. Here, we provide spectroscopic evidence that the wet plasma increases the SO2 and the NOx removal through the formation of highly reactive OH radicals, driving the reactions to H2SO4 and HNO3, respectively. We observed the formation of SO3 and SO4 species in the SO2 wet-plasma-driven remediation, while in the dry plasma, we only identified SO3 adsorbed on the Ag surface. During the removal of NO in the dry and wet plasma, both NO2 and NO3 species were observed on the Ag surface; however, the concentration of NO3 species was enhanced under wet-plasma conditions. By closing the loop between the experimental and DFT-calculated spectra, we identified not only the adsorbed species associated with each peak in the SERS spectra but also their orientation and adsorption site, providing a detailed atomistic picture of the chemical reaction pathway and surface interaction chemistry.

5.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856205

RESUMEN

Medical patches have been widely explored and applied in various medical fields, especially in wound healing, tissue engineering, and other biomedical areas. Benefiting from emerging biomaterials and advanced manufacturing technologies, great achievements have been made on medical patches to evolve them into a multifunctional medical device for diverse health-care purposes, thus attracting extensive attention and research interest. Here, we provide up-to-date research concerning emerging functional biomaterials as medical patches. An overview of the various approaches to construct patches with micro- and nanoarchitecture is presented and summarized. We then focus on the applications, especially the biomedical applications, of the medical patches, including wound healing, drug delivery, and real-time health monitoring. The challenges and prospects for the future development of the medical patches are also discussed.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(7)2021 Mar 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805479

RESUMEN

In 'Tsuda' turnip, the swollen root peel accumulates anthocyanin pigments in a light-dependent manner, but the mechanism is unclear. Here, mutant g120w which accumulated extremely low levels of anthocyanin after light exposure was identified. Segregation analysis showed that the anthocyanin-deficient phenotype was controlled by a single recessive gene. By using bulked-segregant analysis sequencing and CAPS marker-based genetic mapping analyses, a 21.6-kb region on chromosome A07 was mapped, in which a calcium-binding EF hand family protein named BrLETM2 was identified as the causal gene. RNA sequencing analysis showed that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between wild type and g120w in light-exposed swollen root peels were enriched in anthocyanin biosynthetic process and reactive oxygen species (ROS) biosynthetic process GO term. Furthermore, nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) staining showed that the ROS level decreased in g120w mutant. Anthocyanins induced by UV-A were abolished by the pre-treatment of seedlings with DPI (an inhibitor of nicotinamide adenine nucleoside phosphorylase (NADPH) oxidase) and decreased in g120w mutant. These results indicate that BrLETM2 modulates ROS signaling to promote anthocyanin accumulation in turnip under UV-A and provides new insight into the mechanism of how ROS and light regulate anthocyanin production.

7.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(3)2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808990

RESUMEN

(1) Background: The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in women is significantly higher than in men. The estrogen receptor α (ERα) has been considered to play a key role due to a large gender difference in its expression. ERα is encoded by the gene estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1), which is widely studied to explore the gender difference in knee OA. Several polymorphisms in ESR1 [PvuII (rs2234693) and BtgI (rs2228480)] were confirmed as the risk factors of OA. However, the evidence of the last widely investigated polymorphism, ESR1 Xbal (rs9340799), is still insufficient for concluding its effect on knee OA. (2) Objective: This study proposed a case-control study to investigate the association between ESR1 Xbal and knee OA. Moreover, a meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis (TSA) were conducted to enlarge the sample size for obtaining a conclusive evidence. (3) Methods: In total, 497 knee OA cases and 473 healthy controls were recruited between March 2015 and July 2018. The Kellgren-Lawrence grading system was used to identify the knee OA cases. To improve the evidence level of our study, we conducted a meta-analysis including the related studies published up until December 2018 from PubMed, Embase, and previous meta-analysis. The results are expressed as odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) for evaluating the effect of this polymorphism on knee OA risk. TSA was used to estimate the sample sizes required in this issue. (4) Results: We found non-significant association between the G allele and knee OA [Crude-OR: 0.97 (95% CI: 0.78-1.20) and adjusted-OR: 0.90 (95% CI: 0.71-1.15) in allele model] in the present case-control study, and the analysis of other genetic models showed a similar trend. After including six published studies and our case-control studies, the current evidence with 3174 Asians showed the conclusively null association between ESR1 XbaI and knee OA [OR: 0.78 (95% CI: 0.59-1.04)] with a high heterogeneity (I2: 78%). The result of Caucasians also concluded the null association [OR: 1.05 (95% CI: 0.56-1.95), I2: 87%]. (5) Conclusions: The association between ESR1 XbaI and knee OA was not similar with other polymorphisms in ESR1, which is not a causal relationship. This study integrated all current evidence to elaborate this conclusion for suggesting no necessity of future studies.

8.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(2): 188-194, 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834674

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of antimicrobial peptide GH12 designed de novo on the structure, morphology, and composition of a cariogenic three-species biofilm. METHODS: The cariogenic three-species biofilm consis-ted of the cariogenic Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and commensal bacteria Streptococcus sanguinis (S. sanguinis) and Streptococcus gordonii (S. gordonii). The biofilm was treated using GH12 (2, 4, and 8 mg·L-1), and untreated biofilm was used as the control. Changes in the morphology and structure of the three-species biofilm were evaluated through crystal violet staining, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Moreover, S. mutans in the biofilm was selectively cultured, and its colony-forming units were counted. RESULTS: The biomass and density of the cariogenic three-species biofilm treated with GH12 decreased compared with those of the control. The number of S. mutans decreased gradually and eventually became undetectable, whereas the number of S. gordonii and S. sanguinis increased and became predominant in the biofilm. CONCLUSIONS: GH12 can reduce the number of S. mutans within the cariogenic three-species biofilm, destroys its integrity, and consequently makes the biofilm easy to remove.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Biopelículas , Humanos , Hibridación Fluorescente in Situ , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros , Streptococcus mutans
9.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 591015, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33841323

RESUMEN

The Delphian lymph node (DLN), also known as the prelaryngeal node, is one component of the central lymph node. The DLN has been well studied in laryngeal cancer, although its significance in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) remains unclear. We retrospectively analyzed 936 patients with PTC who underwent thyroidectomy by a single surgeon in Tianjin Cancer Hospital from 2017 to 2019. Moreover, 250 PTC patients who underwent thyroidectomy by another surgeon in Tianjin Cancer Hospital from January 2019 to April 2019 were used as a validation cohort. Among the 936 patients with PTC, 581 patients (62.1%) had DLNs, of which 177 samples with metastasis (177/581, 30.5%) were verified. DLN metastasis was significantly correlated with sex, age, tumor size, bilateral cancer, multifocality, extrathyroidal extension, lymphovascular invasion and central and lateral neck lymph node metastasis. Multivariate analysis revealed that independent risk factors for DLN metastasis included age, gender, tumor size, extrathyroid extension, lymphovascular invasion and central lymph node metastasis, which determined the nomogram. In particular, tumor size was proven to be one of the most predominant single predictors. The diagnostic model had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.829 (95% confidence interval, 0.804-0.854). The internal and external validations of the nomogram were 0.819 and 0.745, respectively. Our results demonstrate that DLN metastasis appears to be a critical parameter for predicting metastatic disease of the central compartments. Furthermore, this study provides a precise criterion for assessing DLN metastasis and has great clinical significance for treating PTC.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33844911

RESUMEN

Two thorium-organic frameworks of [Th6O4(OH)4(TFBPDC)6(H2O)6]n (Th-TFBPDC) and [Th6O4(OH)4(TFBPDC)4(HCOO)4(H2O)6]n (Th-TFBPDC-i) constructed from the 3,3',5,5'-tetrakis(fluoro)biphenyl-4,4'-dicarboxylate (TFBPDC2-) ligand were obtained in a reaction. At an early stage of the reaction, the formation of the three-dimensional (3D) framework of Th-TFBPDC was discovered. At a later stage of the reaction, the complete product of Th-TFBPDC-i was obtained. The structural evolution from a noninterpenetrated network of Th-TFBPDC to a 2-fold interpenetrated network of Th-TFBPDC-i is a dissolution-recrystallization process and rationalized as the four equatorial TFBPDC2- ligands in an octahedral [Th6O4(OH)4(TFBPDC)12] unit were displaced by four formate ligands to form a [Th6O4(OH)4(TFBPDC)8(HCOO)4] unit via a ligand substitution reaction. The large pore volume as well as the strong interactions between the host framework and guest propyne (C3H4) molecules demonstrated by computational results endow the highly water-stable Th-TFBPDC with the best-performing C3H4 storage under ambient conditions. This work presents a rare example of structural evolution from a 3D noninterpenetrated network to a 2-fold 3D interpenetrated network and a highly promising metal-organic framework (MOF) for C3H4 storage with a C3H4 uptake of 8.16 mmol g-1 at 298 K.

11.
Cytokine ; 142: 155500, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810947

RESUMEN

We quantified the serum levels of 34 cytokines/chemokines in 30 patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Elevated levels of IP-10 and IL-7 were detected in the acute and convalescent stages of the infection and were highly associated with disease severity.

12.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 174: 104826, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838719

RESUMEN

Liriomyza trifolii is an invasive leafminer fly that inflicts damage on many horticultural and vegetable crops. In this study, the effects of elevated temperatures on L. trifolii tolerance to insecticides abamectin (AB), monosultap (MO) and a mixture of abamectin and monosultap (AM) were firstly investigated, then five CYP450 genes (LtCYPs) were cloned, and expression patterns and NADPH cytochrome C reductase (NCR) activity in L. trifolii were compared in response to high temperature stress and insecticide exposure. Results showed elevated temperatures induced expression of LtCYP450s, the expression level of LtCYP4g1, LtCYP4g15 and LtCYP301A1 after exposed to different high temperature were significantly up-regulated compared with the control (25 °C), while there was no significant difference in LtCYP4E21 and LtCYP18A1. Under the joint high temperature and insecticide stress, the expression of LtCYP4g15, LtCYP18A1 and LtCYP301A1 was significantly higher under elevated temperatures than that of only under AB exposure. For MO and AM exposure, only 40 °C could induce the expression of LtCYP4g15, LtCYP18A1 and LtCYP301A1. In general, the LtCYPs expression pattern was correlated with increased NCR activity and decreased mortality in response to insecticide exposure under elevated temperatures. These all demonstrated that insecticide tolerance in L. trifolii could be mediated by high temperature. This study improves our understanding of L. trifolii physiology and offers a theoretical context for improved control that ultimately reduces the abuse of insecticides and decreases exposure to non-target organisms.


Asunto(s)
Dípteros , Insecticidas , Animales , Productos Agrícolas , Sistema Enzimático del Citocromo P-450/genética , Insecticidas/toxicidad , Temperatura
13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848157

RESUMEN

The overweight and obese population has skyrocketed, resulting in a high incidence of metabolic disorders. Agardhiella subulata (AS) contains a variety of beneficial components, such as sulfur-containing polysaccharides (dietary fiber) and astaxanthin, which is considered to have anti-obesity potential. In this study, we investigated the effects and possible mechanisms of dietary AS on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity in mice. AS supplementation significantly reduced HFD-induced weight gain (19%) and the visceral adiposity index (4.1%). In addition, the level of total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein was significantly decreased; adiponectin was significantly increased in serum and fecal triglyceride excretion was significantly higher in mice fed AS compared with mice on an HFD. Preadipocyte factor 1 and Sry-box transcription factor 9 that were significantly higher than the levels found for the HFD group lead to reduced adipogenesis. Moreover, accompanying the lipolysis and fatty acid ß-oxidation that occur in the AS group, the concentration of non-esterified fatty acids was lowered to 0.4 ± 0.1 mEq/L. In addition, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ and phosphorylation acetyl-CoA carboxylase increased 1.5- and 1-fold, thus increasing the expression of adiponectin and the activation of AMPK and ultimately resulting in lower blood glucose levels. The results of this study suggest that AS supplementation increases lipid excretion and improves energy metabolism to prevent obesity in mice fed a HFD.

14.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(3): 3059-3066, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849095

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: China is a country with frequent earthquakes. Beichuan was the epicenter of what was later called the Wenchuan earthquake, which caused nearly 80% of the houses in the area to collapse, with 8,605 people killed and 9,693 people missing. The aim of our study was to explore the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its influence on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among the survivors 10 years after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. METHODS: A total of 610 survivors from Leigu town in Beichuan County were investigated by a systematic sampling method. Post-traumatic status, HRQOL, and demographic sources were measured by the PTSD Checklist Civilian Version (PCL-C), 36-item Health Survey Short Form (SF-36), and self-questionnaire, respectively. RESULTS: Ten years after the Wenchuan earthquake, the prevalence of PTSD for survivors was 1.6%. There were significant negative correlations between survivors' SF-36 scores and the scores of PCL-C. Higher scores in post-traumatic status were associated with a higher rate of poor physical HRQOL, which was lower than the mean score [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 1/4 0.96 per SD increase, P 1/4 0.001] and mental HRQOL (adjusted OR 1/4 0.93 per SD increase, P 1/4 0.001). The independent contribution of post-traumatic status to the risk for poor physical and mental HRQOL was 4.9% and 18.7% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: As time has elapsed, the incidence of PTSD has gradually declined after the Wenchuan earthquake. Post-traumatic status was found to influence the health related quality of life of survivors.

15.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(3): 3483-3490, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849130

RESUMEN

Immune thrombocytopenia is a common complication in patients in a minimally conscious state (MCS). MCS patients are prone to pulmonary infection for the reasons of long-term bed rest and tracheotomy etc., which leads to frequent immune thrombocytopenia. At present, there is no specific treatment for immune thrombocytopenia. Moreover, the cost of routine treatment is high, and clinicians need to consider different drug combinations, side effects, and the risk of drug dependence when selecting treatments. Here, we report a case of a patient in a MCS who developed immune thrombocytopenia after tracheotomy and long-term bed laying in October 2015. The patient's platelet count declined continuously, and by December 2015, she was in a critical condition, with a platelet count of less than 20×109/L. The patient firstly received routine treatment, however, this could only temporarily prevent the drop in platelets. Following a series of explorations, the patient was treated with a combination of traditional Chinese and Western medicine, which included treatment and preventive measures. For treatment, the patient was given roxithromycin dispersible administration tablets and a self-made preparation of peanut red skin, which could quickly cure the immune thrombocytopenia. Preventive measures included the addition of ursodeoxycholic acid capsules, silybin capsules, and a traditional Chinese medicine preparation. As shown by laboratory examination results, the patient's platelet count has stayed around a normal level since March 2016, and she now has normal liver and kidney function. This outcome evidence that combined traditional Chinese and Western medicine could effectively cure immune thrombocytopenia and prevent its recurrence. Moreover, the cost of the treatment was lower and there were fewer side effects than routine treatment, and at the same time, the method of treatment was simple and convenient. Our practical experience may provide a valuable clue for the treatment of immune thrombocytopenia.

16.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 163: 27-35, 2021 Mar 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812224

RESUMEN

NAC (NAM, ATAF1/2 and CUC2) transcription factors play critical roles in plant development and abiotic stress responses, and aquaporins have diverse functions in environmental stress responses. In this study, we described the salt-induced transcriptional responses of ThNAC12 and ThPIP2;5 in Tamarix hispida, and their regulatory mechanisms in response to salt stress. Using yeast one-hybrid (Y1H), chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and dual-luciferase reporter assays, we identified that ThNAC12 directly binds to the NAC recognition sequence (NACRS) of the ThPIP2;5 promoter and then activates the ThPIP2;5 expression. Subcellular localization and transcriptional activation assays demonstrated that ThNAC12 was a nuclear protein with a C-terminal transactivation domain. Compared with the corresponding control plants, transgenic plants overexpressing ThNAC12 exhibited enhanced salt tolerance and displayed increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging capability and antioxidant enzyme activity levels under salt stress. All results suggested that overexpression of ThNAC12 in plants enhanced salt tolerance through modulation of ROS scavenging via direct regulation of ThPIP2;5 expression in T. hispida.

17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(3): 252-6, 2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798305

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of interactive scalp acupuncture, scalp acupuncture alone and scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training for cognitive dysfunction after stroke. METHODS: A total of 660 patients with cognitive dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an interactive scalp acupuncture group (218 cases, 18 cases dropped off), a scalp acupuncture group (220 cases, 20 cases dropped off) and a scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group (222 cases, 22 cases dropped off). All the patients were treated with routine medication and exercise rehabilitation training. The interactive scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture on the parietal midline, and contralateral anterior parietal temporal oblique line and posterior parietal temporal oblique line at the same time of cognitive training; the scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture alone, and the scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group was treated with scalp acupuncture and cognitive training in the morning and afternoon respectively. All the treatments were given once a day, 6 times a week for 8 weeks. Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale score was used to evaluate the cognitive function before treatment, 4 weeks and 8 weeks into treatment. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the total score of MoCA was increased after 4-week treatment and 8-week treatment in the three groups (P<0.01), and the score in the interactive scalp acupuncture group was higher than that in the scalp acupuncture group and the scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared before treatment, each item score of MoCA was increased after 8-week treatment in the three groups (P<0.01), and the score in the interactive scalp acupuncture group was higher than that in the scalp acupuncture group and the scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group (P<0.01). Except for the attention, the remaining items scores of MoCA in the scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group were higher than those in the scalp acupuncture group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The interactive scalp acupuncture could significantly improve the cognitive function in patients with cognitive dysfunction after stroke, and the efficacy is superior to scalp acupuncture alone and scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Disfunción Cognitiva , Rehabilitación de Accidente Cerebrovascular , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Puntos de Acupuntura , Disfunción Cognitiva/etiología , Disfunción Cognitiva/terapia , Humanos , Cuero Cabelludo , Accidente Cerebrovascular/complicaciones , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(3): 325-9, 2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798319

RESUMEN

Pilot study is essential prerequisite for large-scale research. Acupuncture is a complex intervention measure. The factors of its clinical effect and effect mechanism are complicated. Hence, the resource waste is easily induced in research if the large-scale clinical research is rashly carried out before scientific verification. Currently, there is still a lack of high-quality evidence of clinical research, which affects the promotion and application of the curative effect of acupuncture. The pilot study of acupuncture can evaluate the feasibility and the process coordination of trial, optimize program and process and provide the basis of sample size calculation prior to launching a full-scale trial. Thereby, the methodological quality of acupuncture research and the reliability of trial results can be improved. In the paper, the arguments focus on the definition, design and report of pilot study so as to provide the approaches and references for the design and implementation of pilot study of clinical research of acupuncture.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Proyectos Piloto , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Proyectos de Investigación , Resultado del Tratamiento
19.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 23(4): 81-91, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822510

RESUMEN

Cicada flower, Isaria cicadae Miq., has been a traditional Chinese medicine for approximately 1600 years. Many works on its identification, bioactivities, and clinical use against some disorders have been published, but some inaccuracies and inconsistencies need to be further clarified. In combination with our > 20 years of research and application of cicada flower and examination of the literature and patents published in recent years, this article summarizes and reviews the life cycle and taxonomy, genome size and mating type, molecular systematic classification and cultivation, active ingredients, and pharmacological functions of I. cicadae.

20.
J Phys Chem A ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822626

RESUMEN

The vibrationally resolved absorption spectra and exciton dynamics in the α-zinc phthalocyanine aggregates are theoretically investigated by using a non-Markovian stochastic Schrödinger equation. The model Hamiltonian adopted for spectral and dynamic simulations explicitly includes the couplings for both nearest-neighbor and remote exciton transfer, and it is parametrized from first-principles calculations. The results indicate that aggregation lengths and remote exciton transfer significantly influence the relative energy alignment between delocalized Frenkel exciton (FE) and charge transfer (CT) states, which in turn strongly affects the relative intensities of the two absorption peaks in the Q-band region. Analytical formulas are derived to establish quantitative structure-spectra relationships in aggregates, and they offer simple patterns to extract electronic-state properties directly from absorption spectra. The dynamics simulations reveal that the light absorption can directly generate mixed states with both FE and CT features, but it is hard for the photoexcitation from the Q-band region to generate free carriers due to the high energies of charge-separated states.

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