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1.
J Infect Chemother ; 26(1): 1-7, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735629

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), especially for carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE), is an emerging cause that pose a significant threat to public health. However, efficient therapy has not been established. We assessed the antimicrobial efficacy of meropenem (MEPM) and amikacin (AMK) combination therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total eight isolates of Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae, including CRE and/or CPE have carbapenemase genes were used. The relationship between phenotype and in vivo efficacy was assessed in neutropenic murine thigh infection model. Efficacy was determined using the change in bacterial density and survival rate. RESULTS: The combination therapy showed enhanced antimicrobial activities against CRE+/CPE+ and CRE+/CPE-K. pneumoniae isolates than MEPM monotherapy (0.63 ± 0.04 vs. 2.56 ± 0.24 ⊿log10 cfu/mL, p < 0.05; -1.05 ± 0.15 vs. -0.48 ± 0.30 ⊿log10 cfu/mL, p < 0.05). Likewise, the combination therapy showed enhanced antimicrobial activities against CRE+/CPE+ and CRE+/CPE-E. coli isolates than MEPM monotherapy (0.90 ± 0.68 vs. 1.86 ± 0.23 ⊿log10 cfu/mL, p < 0.05; -1.81 ± 0.06 vs. -0.88 ± 0.23 ⊿log10 cfu/mL, p < 0.05). Also, combination therapy group showed similar to higher survival rates in CRE + E. coli infection mice, compared to MEPM monotherapy group. CONCLUSION: Our results are the first supportive data to threat CRE infections with combination therapy of MEPM and AMK with in vivo model. The current results verify the promising utility of the combination therapy with MEPM and AMK against CRE isolates with a wide range of MEPM MICs.

2.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761892

RESUMEN

Active oxygen and free radicals are involved in metabolism in cells and tissues. Immunohistological studies of related enzymes are few, and the morphological dynamics of these enzymes in dental pulp and odontoblasts remain to be elucidated. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has 3 isoforms: nNOS, iNOS, and eNOS. The aim of this study was to investigate the profiles of NOS isoforms in the absence of nNOS in dental pulp and odontoblasts. Five-week-old male C57BL/6 and nNOS knockout (KO) mice were sacrificed and expression of nNOS, iNOS, and eNOS determined immunohistochemically. Expression of nNOS was positive, whereas that of iNOS was negative and eNOS weakly positive in the dental pulp and odontoblasts of the control mice. In nNOS KO mice, expression of iNOS was positive in dental pulp and strongly positive in odontoblasts, whereas that of eNOS was stronger in fibroblasts, endothelial cells in the vicinity of blood vessels in the dental pulp, and odontoblasts. Expression of nNOS was negative in the nNOS KO mice. This suggests that iNOS and eNOS compensate for nNOS deficiency in vascular endothelial cells and fibroblasts in the dental pulp and odontoblasts.

3.
Acta Otolaryngol ; : 1-7, 2019 Nov 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709868

RESUMEN

Background: Power-spectral analysis of the centre of pressure (CoP) frequencies of posturography provides exponentially approximated distributions, whereas logarithmic translation enables linear approximation.Objectives: Frequency analyses were adopted for posturography of healthy subjects and patients with spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD) using logarithmic translation to determine its clinical usefulness for managing the elderly and patients with disequilibrium.Material and methods: We included 172 healthy subjects and 47 SCD patients. Posturography was performed with the eyes fixated and closed, with and without foam rubber. The power-spectral data of the CoP were obtained with the maximum entropy method. Power-spectral data were logarithmically translated for quantitative evaluation.Results: For teenagers, high-frequency fluctuations were dominant and attributable to proprioceptive compensation due to immature postural control. In elderly populations, the increased frequency in the lateral direction was characterised by three peaks indicating postural disturbances attributed to three sensory inputs. The disappearance of one peak in the anteroposterior fluctuation indicates a decrease in vestibular contribution. The foam rubber and the closed-eye condition enhanced fluctuations in two peaks. There were differences in power-spectral distributions of two peaks between the healthy subjects and SCD patients.Conclusions: Logarithmic power-spectral data distribution could provide an age- and disease-specific novel and visually-comprehensible parameter.

4.
Cryobiology ; 90: 96-99, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550455

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to determine pore size of nylon mesh (NM) device suitable for cryosurvival of bovine mature oocytes and to apply the device to vitrification of large quantities of the oocytes. Ten to twelve oocytes were loaded onto an NM device (a square opening 37-, 57- or 77-µm on a side length). After removal of the excess volume of vitrification solution by paper absorption, the oocytes were vitrified-warmed, fertilized and cultured in vitro. Oocyte recovery and morphological survival were comparable among the three groups. However, blastocyst yield in the 37-µm group (39%) was higher than that in the 77-µm group (28%), and the yield in the 57-µm group (31%) was the intermediate. The 37-µm NM device was applicable for increased oocyte number >40 (blastocyst yield, 33%). These results suggest that 37-µm-pore sized NM can serve as cryodevice to vitrify large quantities of in vitro-matured bovine oocytes.

5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389659

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent only compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with triple-vessel disease. BACKGROUND: Selection between PCI and CABG is still a clinically relevant issue in the management of patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease. METHODS: Among 15,939 patients enrolled in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry/cohort-2, the current study population consisted of 2,193 patients who underwent elective multi-vessel coronary revascularization including left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) either by PCI with sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) only (N = 945) or CABG (N = 1,248). RESULTS: The cumulative 5-year incidence of and the adjusted risk for the primary outcome measure (a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction [MI], or stroke) were not significantly different between PCI and CABG groups (22.6% vs. 23.0%, p = .40, and HR: 1.13, 95%CI: 0.91-1.40, p = .26). The risk of PCI relative to CABG for all-cause death and stroke was also insignificant (HR: 1.19, 95%CI: 0.92-1.53, p = .19; HR: 0.89, 95%CI: 0.62-1.27, p = .51). The adjusted 5-year risk for MI, hospitalization for heart failure (HF), any coronary revascularization and major bleeding was significantly different between the groups (HR: 1.59, 95%CI: 1.10-2.30, p = .01; HR: 1.49, 95%CI: 1.05-2.11, p = .02; HR: 3.70, 95%CI: 2.91-4.70, p < .0001; HR: 0.18, 95%CI: 0.14-0.22, p < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients who underwent coronary revascularization for multiple vessels including LAD, PCI using SES as compared with CABG was associated with a comparable 5-year risk for death/MI/stroke as well as for mortality, but with a markedly higher risk for any coronary revascularization.

6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 11957, 2019 Aug 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420591

RESUMEN

Most cells active in the immune system express receptors for antibodies which mediate a variety of defensive mechanisms. These receptors interact with the Fc portion of the antibody and are therefore collectively called Fc receptors. Here, using high-speed atomic force microscopy, we observe interactions of human, humanized, and mouse/human-chimeric immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) antibodies and their cognate Fc receptor, FcγRIIIa. Our results demonstrate that not only Fc but also Fab positively contributes to the interaction with the receptor. Furthermore, hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometric analysis reveals that the Fab portion of IgG1 is directly involved in its interaction with FcγRIIIa, in addition to the canonical Fc-mediated interaction. By targeting the previously unidentified receptor-interaction sites in IgG-Fab, our findings could inspire therapeutic antibody engineering.

7.
J Clin Neurosci ; 68: 101-104, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337581

RESUMEN

To investigate whether Robot Suit HAL treatment (HAL-T) is safe and feasible for gait disorders in adolescents and adults with cerebral palsy (CP). We tested HAL-T in adolescents and adults with bilateral spastic CP (four men, four women; mean age: 18.2 years). Three participants were classified as level III under the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), and five were classified as level IV. The participants underwent HAL-T twice per week for 4 weeks. The outcome measures, which were assessed before and after HAL-T, included comfortable gait speed (CGS), step length (SL), cadence, and GMFCS level. Adverse events were noted. All participants completed the HAL-T sessions despite some mild adverse events occurring. The mean increases in CGS, SL, and cadence were 0.19 ±â€¯0.14 m/s (p = 0.006), 0.09 ±â€¯0.08 m (p = 0.020), and 18.0 ±â€¯15.9 steps/min (p = 0.015), respectively. HAL-T is safe and feasible for gait disorders in patients with CP. HAL-T can significantly improve CGS, SL, and cadence and may be effective for improving walking ability in adolescents and adults with CP.


Asunto(s)
Parálisis Cerebral/rehabilitación , Dispositivo Exoesqueleto , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Joven
8.
J Infect Chemother ; 25(12): 965-971, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320197

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Although infectious endocarditis (IE) is a potentially severe infectious disease, there are no prognostic tools for in-hospital mortality for IE patients. This is the first report documenting that the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score could evaluate the severity and outcome among IE patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2007 to 2018, we reviewed all patients who were diagnosed as having IE at our institue. Patients diagnosed as definite IE according to the modified Duke criteria or by surgical procedure were included in this study. RESULTS: A total of 66 IE patients were enrolled in this study. They were 45 males (68%) and the median age was 70 years. As for prognostic factors for in-hospital death among IE patients, SOFA score ≥6, CCI ≥3, surgical procedure, heart failure, immunological phenomena and detection of S. aureus as a causative pathogen were identified as prognostic factors by univariate analysis. Of these 6 factors, SOFA score ≥6 (OR 7.6, 95%CI 1.3-46.6, p = 0.029), heart failure (OR 9.7, 95%CI 1.1-86.1, p = 0.042), surgery (OR 0.1, 95%CI 0-0.8, p = 0.037) and immunological phenomena (OR 0.1, 95%CI 0-0.9, p = 0.042) were independent prognostic factors for in-hospital mortality among IE by logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION: The SOFA score could be a good prognostic tool to use for IE patients. Also, SOFA score ≥6, surgery, immunological phenomena and heart failure were independent prognostic factors for in-hospital mortality among IE patients.

9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3079, 2019 Jul 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300654

RESUMEN

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

10.
J Clin Neurosci ; 66: 226-230, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160202

RESUMEN

The lumbar-type Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) is expected to expand the possibilities of exercise therapy for severe cardiac patients who have difficulty in moving on their own legs. We investigated whether motion assistance from HAL during squat exercise could effectively reduce the cardiopulmonary burden in healthy subjects. Twelve healthy subjects (33 ±â€¯11 years) performed squat exercise for 3 consecutive minutes at a repetition rate of 20 squats per minute with and without assistance from a lumbar-type HAL. The oxygen uptake (VO2), carbon dioxide output (VCO2), minute ventilation (VE), and the Borg Scale were monitored during exercise. VO2 (930 ±â€¯207 vs 992 ±â€¯169 mL/min, p < 0.05) and the Borg Scale rating (12.8 ±â€¯1.1 vs 13.7 ±â€¯0.8, p < 0.05) at the end of exercise were significantly lower when HAL was used. When 2 subjects who regularly perform high-intensity exercise for more than 10 h per week were excluded from the analyses, VO2, VCO2, VE, and the Borg Scale were significantly lower when HAL was used. Our results demonstrate that the lumbar-type HAL significantly reduces cardiopulmonary burden during squat exercise in healthy subjects. The effects were especially striking in sedentary subjects. Further studies on cardiac patients are expected to establish a new cardiac rehabilitation program using HAL.


Asunto(s)
Prueba de Esfuerzo/instrumentación , Terapia por Ejercicio/instrumentación , Ejercicio/fisiología , Dispositivos de Autoayuda , Adulto , Prueba de Esfuerzo/métodos , Terapia por Ejercicio/métodos , Femenino , Voluntarios Sanos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Postura/fisiología
11.
Cardiology ; 142(4): 213-219, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238304

RESUMEN

The hybrid assistive limb (HAL) provides motion assistance based on bioelectrical signals detected on the skin surface when muscle forces are generated. The lumbar-type HAL is expected to expand the therapeutic options for severe cardiac patients who have difficulty in moving on their own legs. We aim to compare the efficacy of exercise therapy performed with assistance from a lumbar-type HAL versus conventional training (sit-to-stand exercise without HAL) in patients with chronic heart failure. This investigation will be a randomized, nonblinded, controlled study. Sixty patients who satisfy the criteria to receive cardiac rehabilitation therapy under the Japanese national insurance system will be enrolled at the University of Tsukuba Hospital. Participants randomly assigned to 2 groups (HAL group and conventional group) at a 1:1 allocation ratio will perform exercise therapy either with HAL or without HAL for 5-30 min once a day for 6-10 days. Outcome parameters will be measured just before and after the completion of the exercise therapy and at 1 year after hospital discharge. The primary outcomes will be the heart rate, blood pressure, subjective ratings of exercise intensity during exercise (Borg scale), number of days from the start of exercise therapy to independent walking and to discharge, and prognosis (mortality and cardiovascular events) over the 1-year period after discharge. The secondary outcomes will be the assessment of heart failure severity, brain natriuretic peptide, grip strength, thigh muscle thickness, isometric knee extensor strength, standing ability, 10-meter walking speed, 6-min walking distance, short physical performance battery, and adverse events. Unpaired t tests will be used for baseline assessments and outcome measures. This is the first randomized controlled study to examine the efficacy and feasibility of lumbar-type HAL in patients with chronic heart failure. If the results confirm beneficial effects in the outcomes of patients with heart failure, this study will add more evidence in support of the use of the lumbar-type HAL as an effective tool in new cardiac rehabilitation programs.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(9)2019 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075988

RESUMEN

Eukaryotic proteasomes harbor heteroheptameric α-rings, each composed of seven different but homologous subunits α1-α7, which are correctly assembled via interactions with assembly chaperones. The human proteasome α7 subunit is reportedly spontaneously assembled into a homotetradecameric double ring, which can be disassembled into single rings via interaction with monomeric α6. We comprehensively characterized the oligomeric state of human proteasome α subunits and demonstrated that only the α7 subunit exhibits this unique, self-assembling property and that not only α6 but also α4 can disrupt the α7 double ring. We also demonstrated that mutationally monomerized α7 subunits can interact with the intrinsically monomeric α4 and α6 subunits, thereby forming heterotetradecameric complexes with a double-ring structure. The results of this study provide additional insights into the mechanisms underlying the assembly and disassembly of proteasomal subunits, thereby offering clues for the design and creation of circularly assembled hetero-oligomers based on homo-oligomeric structural frameworks.


Asunto(s)
Mutación/genética , Complejo de la Endopetidasa Proteasomal/genética , Subunidades de Proteína/genética , Humanos , Proteínas Mutantes/química , Multimerización de Proteína
13.
J Infect Chemother ; 25(8): 626-629, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043327

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: While it has been increasing cases of C. hominis endocarditis in the past decades due to advances of diagnostic methods, the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of IE caused by C. hominis is still unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year old man was admitted to our institute with fever, anorexia and general fatigue for the preceding one month. He had a past medical history of both aortic and mitral valves replacement due to cardiac diseases. He was diagnosed as IE caused by C. hominis according to the modified duke criteria. The patient received 2 weeks of combination therapy of intravenous ceftriaxone (CTRX) 2g and gentamycin 180mg daily followed by 4 weeks CTRX 2g daily alone. Oral moxifloxacin 400mg once daily was given for an additional 4 weeks. After the antibiotic therapy was discontinued, disease recurrence was not observed. We reviewed previously reported C. hominis IE cases in 60 publications including ours. Of 73 patients enrolled, 53 were male, the mean age was 52 years. The most common risk factor of IE was past history of cardiac diseases in 44/73 (60%). As for antibiotics initially prescribed, third-generation cephalosporins was most frequently used in 28/69 (41%). While the cure rate was 67/73 (93%), 31/73 patients (43%) received a surgical intervention. Embolic lesions to the central nervous system and vertebrae were seen in 16/72 (22%) and 5/72 (7%). CONCLUSION: IE caused by C. hominis has a favorable prognosis, showing the cure rate of 93%. Physicians should recognize the possible occurrence of emboli among IE patients.

14.
J Infect Chemother ; 25(8): 639-642, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053537

RESUMEN

To clarify the etiology, patients' characteristics and risk factors for community-onset AP (Acinetobacter species pneumonia), we conducted this case-control study. We reviewed all patients with community-onset AP at our institute from 2010 until 2018. We defined non-AP group as a control. The patients with non-Acinetobacter spp. pneumonia (non-AP) were randomly selected during the study period without clinical information based on medical records' list among patients with community-onset pneumonia. The age (±2 years) and sex were matched to the patients with community-onset AP, and the ratio was AP:non-AP group = 1:3. Patients' characteristics, clinical outcomes, pathogens isolated and drug susceptibility were evaluated by comparing AP and non-AP group. The mean age of community-onset AP group was 79 years. They were 8 males and 5 females. The 30-day and in-hospital mortality rates of community-onset AP were 23% (v.s. 3%, p = 0.049) and 31% (v.s. 5%, p = 0.029) respectively, which are higher than the control group. Heavy alcohol consumption (23% v.v. 0%, p = 0.023), higher Charlson Comorbidity index (3.2 v.s. 2.0, p = 0.046) and lobar pneumonia by chest radiology (50% v.s. 23%, p = 0.071) were seen more frequently in community-onset AP than in the control group. In conclusion, community-onset AP shows poor outcomes despite the appropriate antibiotic therapy. Heavy alcohol history might be a risk factor of AP. Patients with community-onset AP could have more comorbidity and poor general conditions than the control group.

15.
J Mol Biol ; 431(15): 2687-2699, 2019 Jul 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075274

RESUMEN

Within the amyloid hypothesis in Alzheimer's disease, current focus has shifted to earlier stages of amyloid beta (Aß) peptide assembly, involving soluble oligomers and smaller aggregates, which are more toxic to cells compared to their morphological distinct fibril forms. Critical to the Aß field is unlocking the molecular-level kinetic pathways of oligomerization, leading to the culprit subset or specific species of Aß oligomer populations responsible for the disease etiology. Here, we apply high-speed atomic force microscopy to enable direct visualization of dynamic interactions between single Aß42 oligomers and aggregate forms, with combined nanometre structural and millisecond temporal resolution in liquid. Analysis of dimensions revealed up to three main Aß42 species distributions, in addition to the appearance of monomers that showed fast surface diffusion compared to the larger Aß42 species. Significantly, we devised a new single-molecule analysis based on image contrast in high-speed atomic force microscopy movies to quantify rate determining kinetic constants for interactions between the different Aß42 species. The findings revealed that smaller Aß42 species show an exponential decay of lifetime distribution, indicating that all molecules undergo the same process with a single well-defined energy barrier. In contrast, larger aggregates show randomized lifetimes, indicating a distribution of interactions energies/barriers that must be overcome in order to dissociate. We interpret the latter as being due to "permissive" binding, arising from different conformation states of the aggregates, along with a variety of accessible interacting groups. Inevitably, this may lead to the formation of different complexes or alloforms, which is known to contribute to difficulties in identifying Aß oligomer toxicity and has implications for mechanisms underlying neuronal death accompanying Alzheimer's disease.

16.
Am J Infect Control ; 47(9): 1154-1156, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047689

RESUMEN

In some Japanese hospitals, patients using infusion bags for parenteral nutrition containing amino acids have developed Bacillus cereus bloodstream infections. We considered that proliferation of contaminated B cereus in the bag during prolonged drip infusion might be one of the causes of infection. This study indicated that 8 h is the maximum appropriate drip infusion time for peripheral parental nutrition containing amino acids to prevent B cereus bloodstream infections.

17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(16): 7738-7743, 2019 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30936320

RESUMEN

Cryopreservation is widely used to maintain backups of cells as it enables the semipermanent storage of cells. During the freezing process, ice crystals that are generated inside and outside the cells can lethally damage the cells. All conventional cryopreservation methods use at least one cryoprotective agent (CPA) to render water inside and outside the cells vitreous or nanocrystallized (near-vitrification) without forming damaging ice crystals. However, CPAs should ideally be avoided due to their cytotoxicity and potential side effects on the cellular state. Herein, we demonstrate the CPA-free cryopreservation of mammalian cells by ultrarapid cooling using inkjet cell printing, which we named superflash freezing (SFF). The SFF cooling rate, which was estimated by a heat-transfer stimulation, is sufficient to nearly vitrify the cells. The experimental results of Raman spectroscopy measurements, and observations with an ultrahigh-speed video camera support the near-vitrification of the droplets under these conditions. Initially, the practical utility of SFF was demonstrated on mouse fibroblast 3T3 cells, and the results were comparable to conventional CPA-assisted methods. Then, the general viability of this method was confirmed on mouse myoblast C2C12 cells and rat primary mesenchymal stem cells. In their entirety, the thus-obtained results unequivocally demonstrate that CPA-free cell cryopreservation is possible by SFF. Such a CPA-free cryopreservation method should be ideally suited for most cells and circumvent the problems typically associated with the addition of CPAs.

18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 344, 2019 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31023246

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Brevibacteria are obligate aerobic gram-positive rods that are associated with milk products and are also found on human skin. Brevibacterium has been reported as a rare cause of catheter related blood steam infection mainly in immunocompromised hosts such as malignancies or AIDS patients. CASE PRESENTATION: A 94-year old woman, which had a past history of diabetes mellitus and chronic heart failure, presented with high fever associated with decreased oral intake and appetite loss and was admitted to our institute. A physical examination at the time of presentation was unremarkable. On day 2, both blood cultures collected on admission became positive with coryneform organism within 24 h without Staphylococci and Brevibacterium species were identified by Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Subsequently, genetic investigation by 16S ribosomal RNA analysis was performed in order to identify the organism. Finally, the result identified this pathogen as Brevibacterium paucivorans with 99.5% homology on the Ez taxon database. The patient was started empirically on meropenem and teicoplanin for broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage. The patient's fever finally abated and labs were also improved. On day 14, the antibiotic therapy was discontinued. The site of infections was unknown. We hereby report a case of Brevibacterium paicivorans bacteremia in an immunocompetent patient and review cases of Brevibacterium specises bacteremia previously reported. This is the first case of B. paucivorans bacteremia as far as we could search. CONCLUSION: Physicians and microbiologists should be aware that Brevibacteria are uncommon but important agents which could cause opportunistic infections in immunocompetent.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Actinomycetales , Bacteriemia , Brevibacterium/genética , Infecciones por Actinomycetales/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Actinomycetales/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por Actinomycetales/microbiología , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Bacteriemia/tratamiento farmacológico , Bacteriemia/microbiología , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Femenino , Humanos , Tipificación Molecular , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética
19.
ACS Synth Biol ; 8(5): 1112-1120, 2019 May 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30966743

RESUMEN

Self-assembled protein nanostructures have gained interest, owing to their potential applications in biomaterials; however, successful design and construction of protein nanostructures are limited. Herein, we constructed fusion protein 1 by linking the C-terminus of a dimerization domain and the N-terminus of another dimerization domain with a three-helix bundle protein, where it self-assembled mainly into tetramers. By replacing the C-terminal dimerization domain of 1 with a trimerization domain (fusion protein 2), hexamers were mainly obtained. According to ab initio structural models reconstructed from the small-angle X-ray scattering data, the tetramer of 1 and hexamer of 2 adopted quadrangle and cage-like structures, respectively, although they were combinations of different conformations. High-speed atomic force microscopy observations indicated that the tetramer and hexamer exhibit conformational dynamics. These results show that the present method utilizing three-helix bundle-linked fusion proteins is useful in the construction of protein nanostructures.

20.
Neurosci Res ; 2019 Apr 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005564

RESUMEN

Neural oscillations synchronize with the periodicity of external stimuli such as the rhythm of the speech amplitude envelope. This synchronization induces a speech-specific, replicable neural phase pattern across trials and enables perceived speech to be classified. In this study, we hypothesized that neural oscillations during articulatory imagination of speech could also synchronize with the rhythm of speech imagery. To validate the hypothesis, after replacing the imagined speech with overt speech due to the physically unobservable nature of imagined speech, we investigated (1) whether the EEG-based regressed speech envelopes correlate with the overt speech envelope and (2) whether EEG during the imagined speech can classify speech stimuli with different envelopes. The variability of the duration of the imagined speech across trials was corrected using dynamic time warping. The classification was based on the distance between a test data and a template waveform of each class. Results showed a significant correlation between the EEG-based regressed envelope and the overt speech envelope. The average classification accuracy was 38.5%, which is significantly above the rate of chance (33.3%). These results demonstrate the synchronization between EEG during the imagined speech and the envelope of the overt counterpart.

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