Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 457
Filtrar
1.
Infect Dis Ther ; 2021 Feb 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548036

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Although the seasonality of infectious diseases has been widely reported, the seasonality of peripheral venous catheter-related bloodstream infection (PV-CRBSI) has not been investigated. This study investigated the seasonality of PV-CRBSI and its relationship with meteorological conditions. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of PV-CRBSI at Tokyo Medical University Hospital (Tokyo, Japan), from 2009 to 2019, provided the data for descriptive and time series analyses used to evaluate the number of PV-CRBSI cases per 1000 admissions that occurred each month for each causative organism. By performing univariate and multivariate analyses, the researchers investigated the seasonality of cases and the relationships between meteorological conditions, other external factors, and PV-CRBSIs. RESULTS: This study included a total of 184 PV-CRBSI cases. The mean numbers of PV-CRBSI cases per 1000 admissions caused by all organisms, Bacillus cereus, Gram-positive cocci, and Gram-negative rods were 0.67, 0.15, 0.37, and 0.16 per month, respectively, during the study period. The time series analysis showed that the incidences of PV-CRBSI cases associated with B. cereus and Gram-negative rods were significantly different in the winter/spring from those in the summer/autumn (P < 0.05). The incidence of PV-CRBSI cases caused by B. cereus peaked during summer. The incidence of PV-CRBSI cases caused by B. cereus was significantly positively associated with average monthly temperature, whereas the incidence of PV-CRBSIs caused by Gram-negative rods was significantly negatively associated with average daylight hours. CONCLUSION: The incidence of PV-CRBSIs caused by B. cereus showed seasonality, peaking during the summer, and a significant correlation was found between PV-CRBSIs caused by B. cereus and average monthly temperature.

2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523604

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) has recently been safely performed by experts, and various methods for resection have been reported. This review summarizes the literature describing surgical approaches for MIPD. METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed (MEDLINE) was conducted for studies reporting robotic and laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy; the reference lists of review articles were searched. Of 444 articles yielded, 23 manuscripts describing the surgical approach to dissect around the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), including hand-searched articles, were assessed. RESULTS: Various approaches to dissect around the SMA have been reported. These approaches were categorized according to the direction toward the SMA when initiating dissection around the SMA: anterior approach (two articles), posterior approach (four articles), right approach (16 articles), and left approach (three articles). Thus, many reports used the right approach. Most articles provided a technical description. Some articles showed the advantage of their method in a comparison study. However, these were single-center retrospective studies with a small sample size. CONCLUSIONS: Various approaches for MIPD have been reported; however, few authors have reported the advantage of their methods compared to other methods. Further discussion is needed to clarify the appropriate surgical approach to the SMA during MIPD.

4.
J Infect Chemother ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583741

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: To clarify the pathology of children with acute encephalopathy and other neurological disorders, the involvement of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), which is a representative of danger-associated molecular patterns, and angiogenesis-related growth factors were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were 12 children with acute encephalopathy (influenza, rotavirus, and others), 7 with bacterial meningitis, and 6 with epilepsy disease (West syndrome). Twenty-four patients with non-central nervous system (CNS) infections as a control group were admitted to our hospital. We examined the levels of HMGB1, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and other cytokines in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the subjects. RESULTS: Serum and CSF HMGB1 levels were significantly higher in the encephalopathy and meningitis groups than in the West syndrome and control groups. CSF HMGB1 levels correlated with those of interleukin-6 and -8. CSF HMGB1 and VEGF levels were correlated, and PDGF showed a positive relationship. CONCLUSION: HMGB1 and angiogenesis-related growth factors appear to play pivotal roles in the pathophysiology of CNS infections.

5.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-10, 2021 Feb 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607620

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Petroclival meningiomas (PCMs) remain difficult to remove, and radical tumor resection continues to pose a relatively high risk of neurological morbidity in patients with these lesions because of the proximity of the tumor to neurovascular structures. The anterior and posterior combined (APC) transpetrosal approach allows resection of a large petroclival lesion with minimal retraction of the temporal lobe. However, this approach is thought to be complex and time-consuming. The authors simplified this approach by minimizing the petrosectomy and used this method for large PCMs. This retrospective study describes the surgical technique and surgical outcomes of large PCMs. METHODS: Between 2014 and 2019, 23 patients (19 women and 4 men) with benign (WHO grade I) PCMs were treated using the minimal APC (MAPC) transpetrosal approach. The mean age at surgery was 54.0 years (range 37-74 years). The mean tumor diameter was 40.3 mm (range 30-74 mm). The surgical technique consisted of a temporo-suboccipital craniotomy and minimal drilling of the petrous ridge. After opening Meckel's cave and removing the lesion at the prepontine cistern, drilling of the petrous apex with superior mobilization of the trigeminal nerve was performed through the subdural space for further tumor resection around the petrous apex. Finally, the tumor was removed as much as possible. RESULTS: The mean preoperative and postoperative tumor volumes were 26.8 and 1.3 cm3, respectively. The mean extent of resection was 95.4% (range 62%-100%). Postoperative impairments included facial numbness in 7 patients, trochlear nerve palsy in 3 patients, mild oculomotor nerve palsy in 2 patients, and transient abducens nerve palsy in 1 patient. Preoperative Karnofsky Performance Status was improved in 13 patients, remained stable in 9 patients, and deteriorated in 1 patient. CONCLUSIONS: The MAPC transpetrosal approach provides sufficiently wide exposure of petroclival lesions. Maximal resection via the MAPC transpetrosal approach is a suitable surgical option for the treatment of large PCMs.

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617810

RESUMEN

Thromboembolic events remain clinically unresolved after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The use of direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) to reduce thrombosis associated with TAVI remains controversial. This study aimed at investigating the periprocedural change in blood coagulation and thrombolysis parameters in 199 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI. Prothrombin activation fragment 1+2 (F1+2), thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), soluble fibrin monomer complex (SFMC), and fibrin/fibrinogen degradation product (FDP) levels were measured before and 1 hour after TAVI and 1, 2, and 7 days postoperatively. Of the 199 patients, 49 were treated with DOAC (apixaban in 32, edoxaban in 10, and rivaroxaban in 7). The F1+2 and TAT levels immediately increased 1 hour after TAVI and then gradually decreased in both groups. The SFMC level also significantly increased with a peak on day 1. The FDP level gradually increased, peaking on day 2. The values of F1+2, TAT, SFMC and FDP in patients who used DOAC were significantly lower than those who did not use DOAC at 1 hour after TAVI in F1+2 (600 [452-765] vs. 1055 [812-1340] pmol/L; P < 0.001), TAT (21.4 [16.2-37.0] vs. 38.7 [26.4-58.7] µg/mL; P < 0.001) and on day 1 in SFMC (18.2 [9.4-57.9] vs. 113.4 [70.9-157.3] µg/mL; P < 0.001) and day 2 in FDP (6.0 [4.7-10.0] vs. 12.6 [8.2-17.4] µg/mL; P < 0.001). Ischemic stroke within 30 days after TAVI occurred in 3 patients (1.5%), who were not treated with DOAC. Coagulation cascade activation was observed after TAVI. DOAC could reduce transient hypercoagulation following TAVI.

7.
Surgery ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618857

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a common and critical complication of pancreatoduodenectomy (PD), effective strategies to prevent POPF have not yet been completely developed. Because appropriate management of POPF is important to reduce the mortality rate after PD, in this study we aimed to evaluate our approach for the management of POPF after PD, including the postoperative course. METHODS: This retrospective study included 605 consecutive patients who underwent PD at our hospital between 2010 and 2020. All patients who developed POPF were first managed conservatively, with drainage tubes placed during surgery retained to manage POPF. In cases wherein conservative treatment was unsuccessful, open drainage, followed by continuous negative pressure and continuous irrigation, was used. For open drainage, the surgical wound was opened bluntly (approximate length, 5 cm) under local anesthesia, and the fluid was directly and completely drained. RESULTS: The prevalence of POPF of grades B and C was 15.4% (n = 93) and 0.33% (n = 2), respectively. Of these patients, 1 required reoperation, 43 recovered with conservative management only, 47 required open drainage, and 4 required image-guided percutaneous drainage. Postoperative hemorrhage with a pseudoaneurysm was identified in 3 (0.66%) patients. The postoperative in-hospital mortality rate was low (n = 1, 0.16%). The rate of successful POPF management was 98.9%. CONCLUSION: Based on our high success rate in POPF management, we consider open drainage to be a safe primary management method for POPF.

8.
Open Heart ; 8(1)2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419935

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is increasingly performed. Physically small Asians have smaller aortic root and peripheral vessel anatomy. The influence of gender of Asian patients undergoing TAVR is unknown and may affect outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess sex differences in Asian patients undergoing TAVR. METHODS: Patients undergoing TAVR from eight countries were enrolled. In this retrospective analysis, we examined differences in characteristics, 30-day clinical outcomes and 1-year survival between female and male Asian patients. RESULTS: Eight hundred and seventy-three patients (54.4% women) were included. Women were older, smaller and had less coronary artery and lung disease but tended to have higher logistic EuroSCOREs. Smaller prostheses were used more often in women. Major vascular complications occurred more frequently in women (5.5% vs 1.8%, p<0.01); however, 30-day stroke and mortality (women vs men: 1.5% vs 1.6%, p=0.95% and 4.3% vs 3.4%, p=0.48) were similar. Functional status improvement was significant and comparable between the sexes. Conduction disturbance and permanent pacemaker requirements (11.2% vs 9.0%, p=0.52) were also similar as was 1-year survival (women vs men: 85.6% vs 88.2%, p=0.25). The only predictors of 30-day mortality were major vascular injury in women and age in men. CONCLUSIONS: Asian women had significantly smaller stature and anatomy with some differences in clinical profiles. Despite more frequent major vascular complications, women had similar 30-day stroke or mortality rates. Functional status improvement was significant and comparable between the sexes. Conduction disturbance and permanent pacemaker requirements were similar as was 1-year survival.

10.
Am Heart J ; 234: 122-130, 2021 Jan 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454371

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Information on early to late-phase kidney damage in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is scarce. We aimed to identify the predictive factors for late kidney injury (LKI) at 1-year and patient prognosis beyond 1-year after TAVR. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1,705 patients' data from the Japanese TAVR multicenter registry. Acute kidney injury (AKI) and LKI, defined as an increase of at least 0.3 mg/dL in creatinine level, a relative 50% decrease in kidney function from baseline to 48 hours and 1-year, were evaluated. The patients were categorized into the 4 groups as AKI-/LKI- (n = 1.362), AKI+/LKI- (n = 95), AKI-/LKI+ (n = 199), and AKI+/LKI+ (n = 46). RESULTS: The cumulative 3-year mortality rates were significantly increased across the four groups (12.5%, 15.8%, 24.6%, 25.8%, P < .001). Multivariate analysis revealed that chronic kidney disease, coronary artery disease, periprocedural AKI, and heart failure-related re-admission within 1-year were significantly associated with LKI. The Cox regression analysis revealed that AKI-/LKI+ and AKI+/LKI+ were independent predictors of increased late mortality beyond 1-year after TAVR (P = .001 and P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: LKI was influenced by adverse cardio-renal events and was associated with increased risks of late mortality beyond 1-year after TAVR.

11.
J Voice ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455851

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Speech fundamental frequency (SFF) assessment is essential for all dysphonia patients to effectively evaluate the therapeutic effects of voice therapy, especially in patients with disturbances in their voice pitch due to mutational dysphonia, Reinke's edema, or as side effects of hormone therapy. A standard method of SFF measurement remains unknown. Speech tasks such as sustained vowel phonation, counting, reading passage, and spontaneous speech have generally been used for SFF measurements. Ideally, spontaneous speech best reflects SFF; however, this task has not yet been clearly defined and is limited with regard to its adaptation to a clinical setting. A reliable task for SFF measurement in Japanese, which corresponds to a speech task that most closely reflects the value that would be observed with typical spontaneous speech, has not been investigated. This study aimed to identify a reliable speech task by measuring the SFF values elicited by different widely used speech tasks in Japanese, and assess its reliability and coefficient of determination (R2). METHODS: Sixty healthy volunteers (30 men and 30 women; aged 19-30 years; mean age 22.5 years) were enrolled. All experimental procedures were performed in Japanese. The SFF values for the speech tasks were determined through the voice samples recorded using a Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) recorder. Each task, except spontaneous speech, was repeated five times, and the average fundamental frequency in each task was determined as the SFF. To assess the reliability of the SFF values across daily variations within individual speakers, the SFF measurements were repeated on two different days, separated by at least 1 week. RESULTS: The SFF values of sustained /a/ phonation, sustained vowel-average, counting, reading passage, and spontaneous speech had excellent reliability, in terms of their reproduction based on intraclass correlation. Significantly high SFF values were observed, in decreasing order, for sustained vowels-average, counting, reading passage, and spontaneous speech in both males and females. The highest R2 for spontaneous speech was that of reading passage in both males (R2 = 0.771) and females (R2 = 0.806) (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: When spontaneous speech was presented as a task most reflective of daily conversation, reading passage was determined to be the reliable task to assess the therapeutic effect of voice therapy in Japanese.

12.
Dev Growth Differ ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410138

RESUMEN

A basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor Hey2 is expressed in the ventricular myocardium and endocardium of mouse embryos, and Hey2 null mice die perinatally showing ventricular septal defect, dysplastic tricuspid valve and hypoplastic right ventricle. In order to understand region-specific roles of Hey2 during cardiac morphogenesis, we generated Hey2 conditional knockout (cKO) mice using Mef2c-AHF-Cre, which was active in the anterior part of the second heart field and the right ventricle and outflow tract of the heart. Hey2 cKO neonates reproduced three anomalies commonly observed in Hey2 null mice. An earliest morphological defect was the lack of right ventricular extension along the apico-basal axis at midgestational stages. Underdevelopment of the right ventricle was present in all cKO neonates including those without apparent atresia of right-sided atrioventricular connection. RNA sequencing analysis of cKO embryos identified that the gene expression of a non-chamber T-box factor Tbx2 was ectopically induced in the chamber myocardium of the right ventricle. Consistently, mRNA expression of the Mycn transcription factor, which was a cell cycle regulator transcriptionally repressed by Tbx2, was down regulated, and the number of S-phase cells was significantly decreased in the right ventricle of cKO heart. These results suggest that Hey2 plays an important role in right ventricle development during cardiac morphogenesis, at least in part, through mitigating Tbx2-dependent inhibition of Mycn expression.

13.
Clin J Gastroenterol ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403531

RESUMEN

Situs inversus abdominus is a congenital abnormality characterized by the mirror image positioning of the abdominal organs, making it difficult to diagnosis and treatment of many diseases. Here, we report a rare case of gastric varices in situs inversus abdominus patient. A 55-year-old man was diagnosed with F2-shaped gastric varices associated with alcoholic cirrhosis. Abdominal dynamic computed tomography showed situs inversus abdominus, and gastric varices with a gastrorenal shunt. Due to the complex anatomy, emergency interventional radiology during bleeding was extremely difficult. Therefore, after thorough consultation, we decided to treat gastric varices prophylactically by balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration. After treatment, the patient's clinical course was generally good, with no adverse events, and the gastric varices disappeared. It is important to assess anatomical positioning using three-dimensional reconstruction computed tomography images before treatment, to adequately prepare, including selecting appropriate devices (i.e., catheters and sheath). Although preventive treatment of gastric varices is controversial, in cases with anatomical complexity, preventive treatment with sufficient preparation would be recommended. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports of treatment for gastric varices in situs inversus abdominus patient. This case will serve as a reference for successful treatment in future cases.

14.
Laryngoscope ; 2021 Jan 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421134

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Vertical locations of vocal fold mucosal lesions (VFMLs) vary along the free edge. As the vertical contact area of vocal folds (VFs) depends on the vocal register, lesions may occur in the contact area of more frequently used vocal registers. This study investigated the cause of location variations by comparing the vertical sites of VFMLs in singers of both sexes with different music genres. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Sixty professional classical and rock singers (11 male classical [M-classical], 22 male rock [M-rock], 13 female classical [F-classical], and 14 female rock [F-rock] singers) who underwent microlaryngeal surgery for VF polyps and nodules and their 108 lesions were enrolled. The VF free edge was vertically divided into three equal parts and classified into the following four lesion sites: upper, middle, lower, and multiple sites. RESULTS: Upper lesions were most common among F-classical singers (73.9%), whereas lower lesions were most common among M-classical (90.0%) and M-rock (60.6%) singers. Among lesions localized to a single site, lower lesions were most common among F-rock singers (37.0%). F-classical singers had significantly more upper lesions than the other groups (P < .001). M-classical singers had significantly more lower lesions than female singers of any genre (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Upper lesions were most common among F-classical singers who mostly used the head voice. Lower lesions were most common among singers who mainly used the modal voice. This study suggests that sex, the dominant vocal register used for singing, and mechanical stress on VFs influence the vertical site of VFMLs. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 2021.

15.
J Neuroimmunol ; 352: 577475, 2021 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454554

RESUMEN

In this study, we assessed circulating immune cells and plasma cytokine levels in 15 pediatric patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). DRE patients had a significantly higher percentage of CD14+ monocytes positive for IL-1ß, IL-1 receptor antagonist, IL-6, and TNF-α than controls. Significantly higher intracellular levels of IFN-γ in CD4+ T cells and NK cells were also found in DRE patients. The level of IL-1ß+ CD14+ monocytes correlated with seizure frequency, and intracellular levels of IFN-γ in NKT-like cells were negatively correlated with the duration of epilepsy. Peripheral immune cells might be involved in the pathogenesis of DRE.

16.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 27(1): 70-80, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317249

RESUMEN

Cirrhosis is a chronic condition that can lead to liver failure. Currently, the viable option for decreasing mortality is liver transplantation. However, transplant surgery is highly invasive. Therefore, cell-based therapy has been developed as an alternative. Based on promising findings from preclinical research, some new trials have been registered. One of them was autologous bone marrow cell infusion therapy and found that ameliorating liver fibrosis activated liver regeneration. Now, majority of trials focus on low-immunogenicity mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) appropriate for allogeneic administration. However, despite about 20 years of research, only a limited number of cell-based therapies have entered routine practice. Furthermore, potential shortcomings of cell-based therapy include a limit on the number of cells, which may be administered, as well as their failure to infiltrate target organs. On the other hand, these research show that MSCs act as "conducting cells" and regulate host cells including macrophages via extracellular vesicles (EVs) or exosome signals, leading to ameliorate liver fibrosis and promote regeneration. Therefore, the concept of cell-free therapy, which makes use of cell-derived EVs or exosomes, is attracting attention. Cell-free therapies may be safely administered in large doses and are able to infiltrate target organs. However, development of cell-free therapy exhibits its own set of challenges and such therapy may not be completely curative in the context of liver disease. This review describes the history of cell-based therapy research and recent advances in cell-free therapy, as well as discussing the need for more effective therapies.

17.
Sex Transm Infect ; 97(2): 118, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328193

RESUMEN

We report a five-time recurrent pharyngotonsillitis caused by group A streptococcus (GAS) after sexual contacts and had no recurrence after concurrent therapy to both partners. Although Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS) is a Gram-positive streptococcus capable of causing a recurrent pharyngotonsillitis, the recurrent GAS pharyngotonsillitis as STI has not been published.A 30-year-old man had a high fever and sore throat. He had a repeated pharyngotonsillitis caused by GAS in spite of the sufficient antimicrobial therapy after having sex with his partner, including oral penile and oral vaginal sex. In contrast, a hug and kiss alone did not precede his episodes of pharyngotonsillitis. His partner had GAS carriage on her pharynx. He had no recurrence after concurrent therapy to both partners. The recurrent GAS pharyngotonsillitis as STI has not been published. In a patient with recurrent pharyngotonsillitis caused by GAS, the sexual history and pharyngeal carrier status of the partner should be checked.

18.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(23): 2782-2791, 2020 Dec 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303117

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe baseline characteristics, and periprocedural and mid-term outcomes of patients undergoing transcatheter mitral valve interventions post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and examine their clinical benefit. BACKGROUND: The optimal management of residual mitral regurgitation (MR) post-TAVR is challenging. METHODS: This was an international registry of 23 TAVR centers. RESULTS: In total, 106 of 24,178 patients (0.43%) underwent mitral interventions post-TAVR (100 staged, 6 concomitant), most commonly percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (PMVR). The median interval post-TAVR was 164 days. Mean age was 79.5 ± 7.2 years, MR was >moderate in 97.2%, technical success was 99.1%, and 30-day device success rate was 88.7%. There were 18 periprocedural complications (16.9%) including 4 deaths. During a median follow-up of 464 days, the cumulative risk for 3-year mortality was 29.0%. MR grade and New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class improved dramatically; at 1 year, MR was moderate or less in 90.9% of patients (mild or less in 69.1%), and 85.9% of patients were in NYHA functional class I/II. Staged PMVR was associated with lower mortality versus medical treatment (57.5% vs. 30.8%) in a propensity-matched cohort (n = 156), but this was not statistically significant (hazard ratio: 1.75; p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: For patients who continue to have significant MR, remain symptomatic post-TAVR, and are anatomically suitable for transcatheter interventions, these interventions are feasible, safe, and associated with significant improvement in MR grade and NYHA functional class. These results apply mainly to PMVR. A staged PMVR strategy was associated with markedly lower mortality, but this was not statistically significant. (Transcatheter Treatment for Combined Aortic and Mitral Valve Disease. The Aortic+Mitral TRAnsCatheter Valve Registry [AMTRAC]; NCT04031274).

19.
Open Heart ; 7(2)2020 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318151

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Patients' backgrounds and clinical outcomes in urgent/emergent/salvage transcatheter aortic valve replacement (Em-TAVR) remain unclear. We investigated patient characteristics and the mortality in Em-TAVR and the predictors for the need for Em-TAVR. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 1613 patients undergoing TAVR for severe aortic stenosis between October 2013 and July 2016 from the Optimised transCathEter vAlvular interventioN (OCEAN)-transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) registry. The urgency was based on the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II. Urgent, emergent or salvage were included with the Em-TAVR group and elective with the El-TAVR group. RESULTS: Em-TAVR was observed in 87 (5.4%) patients. A higher Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS), peripheral artery disease (PAD), hypoalbuminaemia, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and preoperative at least moderate mitral regurgitation (MR) predicted the need for the Em-TAVR by the multivariate logistic regression analysis. The Em-TAVR group had the higher Society of Thoracic Surgeons Score (13.7 (IQR 8.2-21.0) vs 6.5 (IQR 4.6-9.2); p<0.001) and higher 30-day mortality (9.2% vs 1.3%; p<0.001) than the El-TAVR group. Accordingly, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the cumulative mortality was higher in the Em-TAVR group than that in the El-TAVR group (log-rank; p<0.001). However, Em-TAVR did not predict mortality in the multivariate Cox regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Em-TAVR was performed in 5.4% of patients. Higher CFS, PAD, hypoalbuminaemia, reduced LVEF and preprocedural MR predicted the need for Em-TAVR. Em-TAVR was not a predictor for mortality in the multivariate analysis, suggesting that it is a reasonable treatment option.

20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373092

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: We assessed the impact of pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) bifurcation angle change (BAC) on clinical outcomes. BACKGROUND: There are little available data about the impact of BAC in unprotected left main distal bifurcation lesions (ULMD) PCI. METHODS: We identified consecutive 300 patients with ULMD underwent complex stenting using drug-eluting stent in three high-volume centers (Tokyo and Milan). We measured the widest BA of ULMD at both end-diastole and end-systole before stenting with two-dimensional quantitative coronary angiographic assessment and calculated the BAC value as a difference of two BA value in each lesion. We divided them into small and large BAC group according to the median BAC value (7.2°). The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF), which was defined as a composite of cardiac death, target lesion revascularization (TLR) and myocardial infarction. RESULTS: TLF rate at 3-year was significantly higher in the large BAC group than in the small BAC group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 5.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.40-10.1; p < .001). TLR rate for left main (LM) to left anterior descending artery (LAD) and ostial left circumflex artery (LCXos) at 3-year were significantly higher in large BAC group than in small BAC group (adjusted HR 5.91; 95% CI, 2.03-17.2; p = .001 and adjusted HR 10.6; 95% CI, 5.20-21.6; p < .001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: A large BAC before stenting is strongly associated with adverse events after complex stenting for ULMD, mainly driven by repeat PCI for restenosis of the LCXos and of the LM-LAD.

SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA