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1.
Toxics ; 9(3)2021 Mar 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33800444

RESUMEN

Gossypol is a key anti-nutritional factor which limits the feeding application of cottonseed by-products in animal production. A 2 × 4 factorial in vitro experiment was conducted to determine the effect of gossypol addition levels of 0, 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75 mg/g on ruminal fermentation of a high-forage feed (HF, Chinese wildrye hay/corn meal = 3:2) in comparison with a low-forage feed (LF, Chinese wildrye hay/corn meal = 2:3). After 48 h of incubation, in vitro dry matter disappearance was greater in the LF than the HF group, while the cumulative gas production and asymptotic gas production were greater in the HF than the LF group (p < 0.05). Regardless of whatever ration type was incubated, the increasing gossypol addition did not alter in vitro dry matter disappearance. The asymptotic gas production, cumulative gas production, molar percentage of CO2 and H2 in fermentation gases, and microbial protein in cultural fluids decreased with the increase in the gossypol addition. Conversely, the gossypol addition increased the molar percentage of CH4, ammonia N, and total volatile fatty acid production. More than 95% of the gossypol addition disappeared after 48 h of in vitro incubation. Regardless of whatever ration type was incubated, the real-time PCR analysis showed that the gossypol addition decreased the populations of Fibrobactersuccinogenes, Ruminococcus albus, Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens, Prevotella ruminicola, Selenomonas ruminantium, and fungi but increased Ruminococcus flavefaciens, protozoa, and total bacteria in culture fluids in comparison with the control (p < 0.01). Additionally, the tendency of a smaller population was observed for R. albus, B. fibrisolvens, and fungi with greater inclusion of gossypol, but a greater population was observed for F. succinogenes, R. flavefaciens, S. ruminantium, protozoa, and total bacteria. In summary, the present results suggest that rumen microorganisms indeed presented a high ability to degrade gossypol, but there was an obvious detrimental effect of the gossypol addition on rumen fermentation by decreasing microbial activity when the gossypol inclusion exceeded 0.5 mg/g, and such inhibitory effect was more pronounced in the low-forage than the high-forage group.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(6)2021 Mar 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801146

RESUMEN

The thick and hard fruit shell of Fagopyrum tataricum (F. tataricum) represents a processing bottleneck. At the same time, soil salinization is one of the main problems faced by modern agricultural production. Bioinformatic analysis indicated that the F. tataricum transcription factor FtNAC16 could regulate the hull cracking of F. tataricum, and the function of this transcription factor was verified by genetic transformation of Arabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana). Phenotypic observations of the wild-type (WT), OE-FtNAC16, nst1/3 and nst1/3-FtNAC16 plant lines confirmed that FtNAC16 negatively regulated pod cracking by downregulating lignin synthesis. Under salt stress, several physiological indicators (POD, GSH, Pro and MDA) were measured, A. thaliana leaves were stained with NBT (Nitroblue Tetrazolium) and DAB (3,3'-diaminobenzidine), and all genes encoding enzymes in the lignin synthesis pathway were analyzed. These experiments confirmed that FtNAC16 increased plant sensitivity by reducing the lignin content or changing the proportions of the lignin monomer. The results of this study may help to elucidate the possible association between changes in lignin monomer synthesis and salt stress and may also contribute to fully understanding the effects of FtNAC16 on plant growth and development, particularly regarding fruit pod cracking and environmental adaptability. In future studies, it may be useful to obtain suitable cracking varieties and salt-tolerant crops through molecular breeding.

3.
Food Chem ; 356: 129550, 2021 Mar 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819785

RESUMEN

Glucosinolates (GSLs) are well known for plant defense and human nutrition. In this study, broccoli seedlings were illuminated under different LED light, including white, red, blue, and 75% red + 25% blue (200 mmol·m-2·s-1) for 4 weeks to investigate the effects of LED light on GSLs and sulforaphane biosynthesis. Results showed that red light promoted GSL biosynthesis and sulforaphane accumulation because red light could induce SOT18 expression to advance aliphatic GSLs biosynthesis, whereas the high tryptophan content and the upregulation of CYP79B2, CYP79B3, and CYP83B1 were attributed to indole GSL biosynthesis. Low-level methionine content and downregulated SOT18 were the main factors inhibiting GSLs and sulforaphane accumulation under blue LED illumination. BoHY5 gene expression was induced significantly and the yeast one-hybrid assay demonstrated BoHY5 could bind to SOT18 promoter. Consequently, BoHY5 inhibited SOT18 expression, and played a negative role in the GSL biosynthetic network.

4.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 32(4): 36, 2021 Mar 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779853

RESUMEN

To evaluate the performance of a composite scaffold of Wharton's jelly (WJ) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) and the effect of the composite scaffold loaded with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) in repairing articular cartilage defects, two experiments were carried out. The in vitro experiments involved identification of the hUCMSCs, construction of the biomimetic composite scaffolds by the physical and chemical crosslinking of WJ and CS, and testing of the biomechanical properties of both the composite scaffold and the WJ scaffold. In the in vivo experiments, composite scaffolds loaded with hUCMSCs and WJ scaffolds loaded with hUCMSCs were applied to repair articular cartilage defects in the rat knee. Moreover, their repair effects were evaluated by the unaided eye, histological observations, and the immunogenicity of scaffolds and hUCMSCs. We found that in vitro, the Young's modulus of the composite scaffold (WJ-CS) was higher than that of the WJ scaffold. In vivo, the composite scaffold loaded with hUCMSCs repaired rat cartilage defects better than did the WJ scaffold loaded with hUCMSCs. Both the scaffold and hUCMSCs showed low immunogenicity. These results demonstrate that the in vitro construction of a human-derived WJ-CS composite scaffold enhances the biomechanical properties of WJ and that the repair of knee cartilage defects in rats is better with the composite scaffold than with the single WJ scaffold if the scaffold is loaded with hUCMSCs.

5.
Cancer Res ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782099

RESUMEN

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) are involved in tumorigenesis and drug resistance. However, the roles and underlying mechanisms of lncRNAs in colorectal cancer (CRC) are still unknown. In this work, through transcriptomic profiling analysis of 21 paired tumor and normal samples, we identified a novel colorectal cancer-related lncRNA, MNX1-AS1. MNX1-AS1 expression was significantly upregulated in colorectal cancer and associated with poor prognosis. In vitro and in vivo gain- and loss-of-function experiments showed that MNX1-AS1 promotes the proliferation of CRC cells. MNX1-AS1 bound to and activated Y-box-binding protein 1 (YB1), a multifunctional RNA/DNA-binding protein, and prevented its ubiquitination and degradation. A marked overlap between genes that are differentially expressed in MNX1-AS1 knockdown cells and transcriptional targets of YB1 was observed. YB1 knockdown mimicked the loss of viability phenotype observed upon depletion of MNX1-AS1. In addition, MYC bound the promoter of the MNX1-AS1 locus and activated its transcription. In vivo experiments showed that ASO inhibited MNX1-AS1, which suppressed the proliferation of CRC cells in both cell-based and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. Collectively, these findings suggest that the MYC-MNX1-AS1-YB1 axis might serve as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target in CRC.

6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(5): 7538-7548, 2021 Feb 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658391

RESUMEN

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a fatal disease whose molecular mechanism is unknown. The trimethylation of lysine 36 on histone 3 (H3K36me3) catalyzed by SETD2 and the modification of N6-methyladenine (m6A) mRNA mediated by METTL14 play important roles in a variety of normal and pathological biological processes. However, the role of these epigenetic controls in the pathogenesis of PAH remains unclear. In this study, the expression of SETD2 and METTL14 was elevated in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) of hypoxia-induced PAH mice. We further constructed a mouse model with SETD2 specific knockout in smooth muscle cells (SETD2SM22α Cre). Our results suggest that the lack of SETD2 in SMCs protected mice from hypoxia-induced PAH and significantly reduced right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), right ventricular/left ventricular plus septum [RV/(LV+S)] weight ratio, and pulmonary median width. In addition, the absence of SETD2 in SMCs alleviates the level of METTL14 expression and the m6A RNA methylation level in PAH SMCs. These results obtained from mice suggest that strategies that target the inhibition of SETD2/METTL14 activity may be a viable treatment for PAH in a clinical setting.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(13): 5060-5070, 2021 Apr 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33770432

RESUMEN

Patchy colloidal nanoparticles are important for a broad range of applications, especially as building blocks for complex and functional structural materials, but the controllable generation of chemical patches on as-synthesized nanoparticles remains a challenge. This article describes a robust strategy for the scalable synthesis of high-quality patchy nanoparticles in high yield and solid content. A simple thermal treatment of a mixture of gold nanoparticles and thiol-terminated block-random copolymers in selected solvents produced a variety of patchy nanoparticles with a controlled morphology and number of polymeric patches (e.g., beanlike patch, one patch, two patches, three patches, multiple patches, and open-configuration patch). We show in experiments and simulations that the dynamic detachment/attachment of copolymers and the exchange of copolymers between the nanoparticle surface and free micelles in the solution-which are dictated by the architecture of copolymers-govern the formation of polymeric patches. This work not only offers an effective approach to patchy nanoparticles but also provides new insights into the phase behaviors of copolymers on nanoscale surfaces.

8.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767348

RESUMEN

The high comorbidity between obesity and mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety, often exacerbates metabolic and neurological symptoms significantly. However, neural mechanisms that underlie reciprocal control of feeding and mental states are largely elusive. Here we report that melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) neurons located in the dorsal bed nucleus of the stria terminus (dBNST) engage in the regulation of mentally associated weight gain by receiving GABAergic projections from hypothalamic AgRP neurons onto α5-containing GABAA receptors and serotonergic afferents onto 5-HT3 receptors. Chronic treatment with a high-fat diet (HFD) significantly blunts the hyperexcitability of AgRP neurons in response to not only hunger but also anxiety and depression-like stimuli. Such HFD-mediated desensitization reduces GABAergic outputs from AgRP neurons to downstream MC4RdBNST neurons, resulting in severe mental dysregulation. Genetic enhancement of the GABAAR-α5 or suppression of the 5-HT3R within the MC4RdBNST neurons not only abolishes HFD-induced anxiety and depression but also robustly reduces body weight by suppression of food intake. To gain further translational insights, we revealed that combined treatment of zonisamide (enhancing the GABAAR-α5 signaling) and granisetron (a selective 5-HT3R antagonist) alleviates mental dysfunction and yields a robust reversal of diet-induced obesity by reducing total calorie intake and altering food preference towards a healthy low-fat diet. Our results unveil a neural mechanism for reciprocal control of appetite and mental states, which culminates in a novel zonisamide-granisetron cocktail therapy for potential tackling the psychosis-obesity comorbidity.

9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779313

RESUMEN

The hormone aldosterone is essential for maintaining K+ and Na+ balance and controlling blood pressure. Aldosterone has different effects if it is secreted due to hypovolemia or hyperkalemia. The kidney distal convoluted tubule (DCT) is believed to play a central role in mediating the differential responses to aldosterone. To determine the alterations in the DCT that may be responsible for these effects, male mice with GFP expression specifically in the DCT were maintained on diets containing low NaCl (hypovolemic state) or high K citrate (hyperkalemic state) for 4 days and DCT cells isolated using fluorescence-activated cell sorting. This pure population of DCT cells were subjected to analysis by liquid chromatography-coupled tandem mass spectrometry. Over 3000 proteins were identified in the DCT, creating the first proteome of the mouse DCT. Of the identified proteins, 210 were altered in abundance following a low NaCl diet and 625 following the high K+ diet. Many of these changes were not detectable by analyzing whole kidney samples from the same animals. When comparing responses to high K+ versus low Na+ diets, protein translation, chaperone-mediated protein folding and protein ubiquitylation are likely to be significantly altered in the DCT subsequent to a high K+ diet. In conclusion, this study defines an in vivo protein landscape of the DCT in male mice following either a low NaCl or a high K+ diet and acts as an essential resource for the kidney research community.

10.
Oncogene ; 2021 Mar 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742125

RESUMEN

Tumor angiogenesis plays vital roles in tumorigenesis and development; regulatory mechanism of angiogenesis is still not been fully elucidated. NSD2, a histone methyltransferase catalyzing di-methylation of histone H3 at lysine 36, has been proved a critical molecule in proliferation, metastasis, and tumorigenesis. But its role in tumor angiogenesis remains unknown. Here we demonstrated that NSD2 promoted tumor angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, we confirmed that the angiogenic function of NSD2 was mediated by STAT3. Momentously, we found that NSD2 promoted the methylation and activation of STAT3. In addition, mass spectrometry and site-directed mutagenesis assays revealed that NSD2 methylated STAT3 at lysine 163 (K163). Meanwhile, K to R mutant at K163 of STAT3 attenuated the activation and angiogenic function of STAT3. Taken together, we conclude that methylation of STAT3 catalyzed by NSD2 promotes the activation of STAT3 pathway and enhances the ability of tumor angiogenesis. Our findings investigate a NSD2-dependent methylation-phosphorylation regulation pattern of STAT3 and reveal that NSD2/STAT3/VEGFA axis might be a potential target for tumor therapy.

11.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(3): 959-966, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754562

RESUMEN

To explore the optimal monitoring method for soil and plant analyzer development (SPAD) of winter wheat under waterlogging stress based on hyperspectral and digital image techno-logy, the correlations between SPAD of the waterlogged winter wheat and fifteen indices of hyperspectral characteristic and fourteen indices of digital image feature were analyzed under a micro-plot which could be irrigated and drainage separately. Then, the BP neural network models for SPAD estimation were constructed based on the optimal monitoring feature indices. Compared with the normal winter wheat, SPAD and the value of hyperspectral reflectance did not change under short-term waterlogging (less than 7 d), whereas the SPAD was significantly decreased after more than 12 d waterlogging treatment with the value being close to zero at the late stage of growth. The estimation accuracy based on the digital image characteristics of green minus red, excess red index, norma-lized redness index and excess green index showed similar results compared to that using the BP network model based on the characteristics of the corresponding hyperspectral band. The highest R2 between the measured value and the predicted value was 0.86, while the root mean square error (RMSE) was 3.98. Compared with the BP network models built with the digital image feathers, the accuracy of the models based on the four hyperspectral characteristic indices (carotenoid reflex index, yellow edge amplitude, normalized difference vegetation index and structure insensitive pigment index) for SPAD was significantly improved, with the highest R2 of 0.97 and the lowest RMSE of 1.95. Our results suggest that both hyperspectral and digital image technology could be used to estimate SPAD value of waterlogged winter wheat and that the BP network model based on hyperspectral characteristic indices performed better in the estimation accuracy.


Asunto(s)
Clorofila , Triticum , Hojas de la Planta , Estaciones del Año , Suelo , Análisis Espectral
12.
J Mol Evol ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760965

RESUMEN

Key enzymes play a vital role in plant growth and development. However, the evolutionary relationships between genes encoding key enzymes in the metabolic pathway of Tartary buckwheat flavonoids are poorly understood. Based on the published Tartary buckwheat genome sequence and related Tartary buckwheat transcriptome data, 48 key enzyme-encoding genes involved in flavonoid metabolism were screened from the Tartary buckwheat genome in this study; the chromosome localization, gene structure and promoter elements of these enzyme-encoding gene were also investigated. Gene structure analysis revealed relatively conserved 5' exon sequences among the 48 genes, indicating that the structural diversity of key enzyme-encoding genes is low in Tartary buckwheat. Through promoter analysis, these key enzyme-encoding genes were found to contain a large number of light-response elements and hormone-response elements. In addition, some genes could bind MYB transcription factors, participating in the regulation of flavonoid biosynthesis. The transcription level of the 48 key enzyme-encoding gene varied greatly among tissues. In this study, we identified 48 key enzyme-encoding genes involved in flavonoid metabolic pathways, and elucidated the structure, evolution and tissue-specific expression patterns of these genes. These results lay a foundation for further understanding the functional characteristics and evolutionary relationships of key enzyme-encoding genes involved in the flavonoid metabolic pathway in Tartary buckwheat.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 931-937, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645099

RESUMEN

Based on the characteristics and ISSR molecular marker technology, the study is aimed to compare and perform genetic diversity analysis on Sparganium stoloniferum from 7 regions. Molecular identification method was established for S. stoloniferum from Hunan province. Differences among Sparganii Rhizoma samples from seven habitats were analyzed via measuring weight, length, width and thickness of them. Genetic diversity of S. stoloniferum from 7 regions was analyzed by screening out primers amplifying clear band and showing rich polymorphism, then a cultivars dendrogram was built. The target primer was screened out, and the specific band was sequenced. Nine ISSR primers were selected to amplified clear band, rich polymorphism. A total of 73 bands were amplified by nine ISSR primers selected from 27 ISSR primers. On average, each primer produced 8.0 bands. A total of 38 bands were polymorphic, which occupied 52.8% of all bands. The cultivars dendrogram showed the genetic similarity was 0.54-0.94. Genetic similarity coefficient of S. stoloniferum from Jiangsu province, Anhui province and Jiangxi province was big, indicating the differences among them were slight on genetic level. S. stoloniferum from Hunan province is quite different from samples from the other six habitats on appea-rance and genetic level. A specific band(327 bp) in S. stoloniferum from Hunan province was obtained via ISSR-857 primer, and was sequenced. According BLASTn database, there were few sequences similar to the gene fragment and had little correlation with the growth process of plant. ISSR molecular marker technology provides a new idea for the identification of S. stoloniferum. This result confirmed the particularity of S. stoloniferum from ancient Jingzhou.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Variación Genética , Polimorfismo Genético , China , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Repeticiones de Microsatélite , Filogenia
14.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 2021 Mar 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33727367

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs), formed by cleavage of pre-microRNA by the endoribonuclease Dicer, are critical modulators of cell function by post-transcriptionally regulating gene expression. METHODS: Selective ablation of Dicer in AQP2-expressing cells (DicerAQP2Cre+ mice) was used to investigate the role of miRNAs in the kidney collecting duct of mice. RESULTS: The mice had severe polyuria and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, potentially due to greatly reduced AQP2 and AQP4 levels. Although epithelial sodium channel levels were decreased in cortex and increased in inner medulla, amiloride-sensitive sodium reabsorption was equivalent in DicerAQP2Cre+ mice and controls. Small-RNA sequencing and proteomic analysis revealed 31 and 178 significantly regulated miRNAs and proteins, respectively. Integrated bioinformatic analysis of the miRNAome and proteome suggested alterations in the epigenetic machinery and various transcription factors regulating AQP2 expression in DicerAQP2Cre+ mice. The expression profile and function of three miRNAs (miR-7688-5p, miR-8114, and miR-409-3p) whose predicted targets were involved in epigenetic control (Phf2, Kdm5c, and Kdm4a) or transcriptional regulation (GATA3, GATA2, and ELF3) of AQP2 were validated. Luciferase assays could not demonstrate direct interaction of AQP2 or the three potential transcription factors with miR-7688-5p, miR-8114, and miR-409-3p. However, transfection of respective miRNA mimics reduced AQP2 expression. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated decreased Phf2 and significantly increased Kdm5c interactions at the Aqp2 gene promoter in DicerAQP2Cre+ mice, resulting in decreased RNA Pol II association. CONCLUSIONS: Novel evidence indicates miRNA-mediated epigenetic regulation of AQP2 expression.

15.
Talanta ; 226: 122148, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676698

RESUMEN

Carbon quantum dots (CQDs) are considered as good chromatographic separation materials. However, due to the hydrophily of the synthesized CQDs, their applications in HPLC are limited to HILIC for separating strong polar compounds only. In this work, a novel amphipathic CQDs with both hydrophobicity and hydrophily is developed as mixed-mode stationary phase for RPLC/HILIC. To give CQDs certain hydrophobicity, 1,8-diaminooctane is chosen as one of the carbon sources for introducing alkyl chain into CQDs. The amphipathic CQDs modified silica (CQDs/SiO2) stationary phase has typical characteristic of RPLC/HILIC. Both hydrophobic and hydrophilic compounds including alkylbenzenes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nucleosides and bases, amino acids, ß-adrenoceptor blockers and agonists, sulfonamides, antibiotics and alkaloids obtain satisfactory separation on this CQDs/SiO2 column. 14 nucleosides and bases commonly existing in living organisms achieve good separation on this amphipathic CQDs/SiO2 column within 25 min and the resolutions reach 1.33-13.83 with an average column efficiency of 18,800. The retention mechanism of this novel CQDs/SiO2 column is investigated by linear solvation energy relationship model. It is found that hydrophobic interaction, π-π stacking, hydrogen-bonding and electrostatic interactions are main retention interactions under RPLC mode. This work provides a new approach for synthesis of amphipathic CQDs. Also, it indicates that amphipathic CQDs with versatile functional properties have great prospect in separation science.

16.
Cancer ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784413

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in China, however, publicly available, descriptive information on the clinical epidemiology of CRC is limited. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with primary CRC during 2005 through 2014 were sampled from 13 tertiary hospitals in 9 provinces across China. Data related to sociodemographic characteristics, the use of diagnostic technology, treatment adoption, and expenditure were extracted from individual medical records. RESULTS: In the full cohort of 8465 patients, the mean ± SD age at diagnosis was 59.3 ± 12.8 years, 57.2% were men, and 58.7% had rectal cancer. On average, 14.4% of patients were diagnosed with stage IV disease, and this proportion increased from 13.5% in 2005 to 20.5% in 2014 (P value for trend < .05). For diagnostic techniques, along with less use of x-rays (average, 81.6%; decreased from 90.0% to 65.7%), there were increases in the use of computed tomography (average, 70.4%; increased from 4.5% to 90.5%) and magnetic resonance imaging (average, 8.8%; increased from 0.1% to 20.4%) over the study period from 2005 to 2014. With regard to treatment, surgery alone was the most common (average, 50.1%), but its use decreased from 51.3% to 39.8% during 2005 through 2014; and the use of other treatments increased simultaneously, such as chemotherapy alone (average, 4.1%; increased from 4.1% to 11.9%). The average medical expenditure per patient was 66,291 Chinese Yuan (2014 value) and increased from 47,259 to 86,709 Chinese Yuan. CONCLUSIONS: The increasing proportion of late-stage diagnoses presents a challenge for CRC control in China. Changes in diagnostic and treatment options and increased expenditures are clearly illustrated in this study. Coupled with the recent introduction of screening initiatives, these data provide an understanding of changes over time and may form a benchmark for future related evaluations of CRC interventions in China.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(9): e25042, 2021 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655981

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the highest mortality diseases in the world, which seriously threatens human health and quality of life (QOL). The purpose of this study is to systematically analyze the effects of mind-body exercise on cardiopulmonary function, blood pressure and QOL in CHD patients, and to provide scientific evidence-based exercise prescription for patients with coronary heart disease. METHODS: This research review will include the following electronic databases from its establishment to December 2020: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, and Wanfang. Objective to search randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the effects of mind-body exercise on cardiopulmonary function, blood pressure and QOL in patients with coronary heart disease. CONCLUSION: This systematic review and meta-analysis will provide strong evidence for the efficacy and safety of mind-body exercise in patients with coronary heart disease. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: INPLASY202120016. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval will not be necessary since this systematic review and meta-analysis will not contain any private information of participants or violate their human rights.


Asunto(s)
Presión Sanguínea/fisiología , Enfermedad Coronaria/terapia , Terapias Mente-Cuerpo/métodos , Calidad de Vida , Enfermedad Coronaria/fisiopatología , Terapia por Ejercicio/métodos , Humanos
18.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5824, 2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712651

RESUMEN

Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is a disorder in which respiratory airflow frequently stops during sleep. Alterations in electroencephalogram (EEG) signal are one of the physiological changes that occur during apnea, and can be used to diagnose and monitor sleep apnea events. Herein, we proposed a method to automatically distinguish sleep apnea events using characteristics of EEG signals in order to categorize obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) events, central sleep apnea (CSA) events and normal breathing events. Through the use of an Infinite Impulse Response Butterworth Band pass filter, we divided the EEG signals of C3-A2 and C4-A1 into five sub-bands. Next, we extracted sample entropy and variance of each sub-band. The neighbor composition analysis (NCA) method was utilized for feature selection, and the results are used as input coefficients for classification using random forest, K-nearest neighbor, and support vector machine classifiers. After a 10-fold cross-validation, we found that the average accuracy rate was 88.99%. Specifically, the accuracy of each category, including OSA, CSA and normal breathing were 80.43%, 84.85%, and 95.24%, respectively. The proposed method has great potential in the automatic classification of patients' respiratory events during clinical examinations, and provides a novel idea for the development of an automatic classification system for sleep apnea and normal events without the need for expert intervention.

19.
Cancer Med ; 10(7): 2423-2441, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666372

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Numerous reports on microRNAs have illustrated their role in tumor growth and metastasis. Recently, a new prognostic factor, miR-125b-2-3p, has been identified for predicting chemotherapeutic sensitivity in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the specific mechanisms and biological functions of miR-125b-2-3p in advanced CRC under chemotherapy have yet to be elucidated. METHODS: MiR-125b-2-3p expression was detected by real-time PCR (RT-PCR) in CRC tissues. The effects of miR-125b-2-3p on the growth, metastasis, and drug sensitivity of CRC cells were tested in vitro and in vivo. Based on multiple databases, the upstream competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) and the downstream genes for miR-125b-2-3p were predicted by bioinformatic analysis, followed by the experiments including luciferase reporter assays, western blot assays, and so on. RESULTS: MiR-125b-2-3p was significantly lowly expressed in the tissues and cell lines of CRC. Higher expression of miR-125b-2-3p was associated with relatively lower proliferation rates and fewer metastases. Moreover, overexpressed miR-125b-2-3p remarkably improved chemotherapeutic sensitivity of CRC in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, miR-125b-2-3p was absorbed by long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) XIST regulating WEE1 G2 checkpoint kinase (WEE1) expression. The upregulation of miR-125b-2-3p inhibited the proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of CRC induced by lncRNA XIST. CONCLUSIONS: Lower miR-125b-2-3p expression resulted in lower sensitivity of CRC to chemotherapy and was correlated with poorer survival of CRC patients. LncRNA XIST promoted CRC metastasis acting as a ceRNA for miR-125b-2-3p to mediate WEE1 expression. LncRNA XIST-miR-125b-2-3p-WEE1 axis not only regulated CRC growth and metastasis but also contributed to chemotherapeutic resistance to CRC.

20.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 162: 1-13, 2021 Feb 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652200

RESUMEN

Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.) is an economically important pseudocereal crop, which can adapt well to extreme environments, including low nitrogen (LN) stress. However, little is known regarding the associated molecular mechanisms. In this study, the molecular mechanism of Tartary buckwheat roots in response to different doses of nitrate was investigated by combining physiological changes with transcriptional regulatory network. LN improved elongation and branching of lateral roots, indicating that the plasticity of lateral roots drives the adaption of Tartary buckwheat under LN condition. The roots of the seedlings that were cultivated under four N conditions were selected for RNA-Seq analysis. In total 1686 nitrate dose-responsive genes were identified. Of these genes, 16 genes encoding N transporters showed response to N availability, and they may play important roles in N transport and root system architecture in Tartary buckwheat roots. 108 transcription factors (TFs) showed dose-response to N availability, and they may regulate N response and root growth under varied N conditions by modulating the expression of N transporters. A NIN-like protein, FtNLP7, was identified and it may contribute to the transcriptional regulation of N transporters. Furthermore, 81 N-responsive genes were identified as the small secreted peptides (SSPs). 48 N-responsive SSPs were annotated as hypothetical proteins and they may be the species-specific proteins of Tartary buckwheat. This paper provides useful information for further investigation of the mechanisms underlying the adaptation of Tartary buckwheat under N-deficient condition.

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