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1.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19547, 2019 12 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862938

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of preventing mother to child syphilis transmission to improve pregnancy outcomes. We performed a retrospective analysis of municipal databases of mother-to-child syphilis transmission. Pregnant women with syphilis were included. Group specific pregnancy outcomes were analyzed according to treatment. A total of 28 pregnant women were diagnosed with syphilis in 2012; 321 were diagnosed with syphilis in 2018. A prevalence of 0.14% was observed amongst pregnant women in Suzhou city from 2012-2018. Primary treatments included benzathine penicillin, ceftriaxone sodium or erythromycin when patients were allergic to Benzathine penicillin. The treatment coverage was 81.57%, and only 52.86% of pregnant women were adequately treated. Adverse pregnant outcomes were higher amongst untreated women. Expanding early screening coverage and promoting treatment were key to improving pregnancy outcomes amongst women with syphilis.


Asunto(s)
Transmisión Vertical de Enfermedad Infecciosa/prevención & control , Sífilis/prevención & control , Sífilis/transmisión , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Ceftriaxona/uso terapéutico , Eritromicina/uso terapéutico , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Penicilina G Benzatina/uso terapéutico , Embarazo , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/prevención & control , Resultado del Embarazo , Atención Prenatal , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15999, 2019 11 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690791

RESUMEN

As a multifunctional material, biochar is considered a potential adsorbent for removing heavy metals from wastewater. Most biochars with high adsorption capacities have been modified, but this modification is uneconomical, and modifying biochar may cause secondary pollution. Thus, it is necessary to develop an efficient biochar without modification. In this study, spent P. ostreatus substrate and spent shiitake substrate were used as the raw materials to prepare biochar. Then, the physicochemical properties of the biochars and their removal efficiencies for Pb(II) were investigated. The results showed that the physicochemical properties (e.g., large BET surface area, small pore structure and abundant functional groups) contributed to the large adsorption capacity for Pb(II); the maximum adsorption capacities were 326 mg g-1 (spent P. ostreatus substrate-derived biochar) and 398 mg g-1 (spent shiitake substrate-derived biochar), which are 1.6-10 times larger than those of other modified biochars. The Pb(II) adsorption data could be well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Langmuir model. This study provides a new method to comprehensively utilize spent mushroom substrates for the sustainable development of the edible mushroom industry.


Asunto(s)
Carbón Orgánico/química , Plomo/química , Pleurotus/química , Hongos Shiitake/química , Residuos/análisis , Adsorción , Cinética
3.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 18071, 2018 12 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30584264

RESUMEN

The vertical transmission of HIV, from mother to child remains one of the biggest challenges all over the world. This study evaluated the implementation and effectiveness of the prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) program from 2011 to 2017 in Suzhou. A total of 107 HIV positive women were enrolled in the program, of which 11 were diagnosed through premarital examination, and 96 women were diagnosed through prenatal examination. Among the 96 pregnant women, 67 gave birth to 68 live neonates. Only one infant was diagnosed HIV infected because the HIV positive mother did not enter the PMTCT program until delivery. The HIV prevalence in Suzhou city showed a low-level tendency. To increase the prenatal health utility and antiretroviral medication compliance of the migrant population in Suzhou, there are improvements to make in order to achieve the 90-90-90 targets.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH/transmisión , Transmisión Vertical de Enfermedad Infecciosa/prevención & control , Servicios Preventivos de Salud , Adulto , China , Femenino , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Infecciones por VIH/prevención & control , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Embarazo
4.
J Diabetes Investig ; 7(4): 622-8, 2016 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27180921

RESUMEN

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Homocysteine levels during pregnancy in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been studied; however, it remains unclear whether hyperhomocysteinemia is a useful predictor of insulin resistance. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between homocysteine level and GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Elsevier, Web of Science and CNKI were searched for relevant studies published up to January 2015. Manual searches of references of the relevant original studies were carried out. Meta-analysis was used to assessed the relationship between homocysteine level and GDM using the stata 12.0 software. RESULTS: Homocysteine levels were significantly elevated in women with GDM compared with those without GDM (weighted mean difference 0.77, 95% confidence interval 0.44-1.10). This evidence was more consistent during the second trimester measurement of homocysteine (weighted mean difference 0.95, 95% confidence interval 0.67-1.23) and for women aged older than 30 years (weighted mean difference 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.63-1.17). CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis shows that homocysteine level is significantly elevated among women with GDM compared with women with normal glucose tolerance, and this finding persists more during the second trimester.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Gestacional/sangre , Homocisteína/sangre , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Embarazo
5.
Biomed Rep ; 2(1): 105-111, 2014 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24649079

RESUMEN

Epidemiological studies have been conducted to evaluate genetic variations of murine double minute 2 (MDM2) SNP309 associated with the risk of gastric cancer (GC), although evidence remains conflicting. To gain a better understanding of this relationship, a meta-analysis was performed. Several electronic databases were searched up to February 2013, in order to identify relevant case-control studies. Seven published case-control studies with 2,199 cases and 3,201 controls were included. In the overall analysis, significant associations between the MDM2 SNP309 variant and GC risk were found for G vs. T alleles (OR=1.35; 95% CI, 1.24-1.47), GG vs. TT (OR=1.88; 95% CI, 1.59-2.24), recessive model (OR=1.71; 95% CI, 1.49-1.96). Furthermore, stratified by cancer site, significant associations were observed in gastric cardia cancer for all the models, although no significant association was found in any of the models among non-gastric cardia cancer, with the exception of the recessive model. In the subgroup analysis by source of control, MDM2 SNP309 was associated with increased GC risk for the hospital-based case-control (HCC) study for the GG vs. TT, recessive model and for the population-based case-control (PCC) study for the GG vs. TT, recessive model. Following stratification by gender and infection status of Helicobacter pylori (HP) for the recessive model, a significant association was found only in the HP-positive infected individuals. However, no statistically significant association was observed in males, females or the HP-negative infected individuals. In summary, the association between MDM2 SNP309 and GC risk was statistically significant, particularly in gastric cardia cancer for the HP-positive population group.

6.
Eur Neurol ; 70(1-2): 124-32, 2013.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23859844

RESUMEN

The efficacy and safety of intra-arterial (IA) chemotherapy versus intravenous (IV) chemotherapy for malignant gliomas were studied. We searched eight electronic databases to identify relevant randomized controlled trials that compared IA chemotherapy with IV chemotherapy in patients with malignant gliomas. This study was conducted in compliance with the Quality of Reporting of Meta-analysis (QUORUM) guidelines. The quality of data was assessed using the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Four eligible randomized controlled trials including 460 patients were retrieved. Comparing IA chemotherapy and IV chemotherapy for malignant gliomas, disease control rate, efficacy rate, 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year overall survival as well as grade 3/4 leukocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia were not statistically different. In conclusion, IA chemotherapy is not superior to IV chemotherapy in terms of efficacy and overall survival as a treatment for malignant gliomas.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos/administración & dosificación , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamiento farmacológico , Glioma/tratamiento farmacológico , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidad , Glioma/mortalidad , Humanos , Infusiones Intraarteriales , Infusiones Intravenosas , Resultado del Tratamiento
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