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1.
World J Stem Cells ; 16(2): 58-63, 2024 Feb 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455107

RESUMEN

In this editorial, we offer our perspective on the groundbreaking study entitled "Hypoxia and inflammatory factor preconditioning enhances the immunosuppressive properties of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells", recently published in World Journal of Stem Cells. Despite over three decades of research on the clinical application of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), only a few therapeutic products have made it to clinical use, due to multiple preclinical and clinical challenges yet to be addressed. The study proved the hypoxia and inflammatory factor preconditioning led to higher immunosuppressive effects of MSCs without damaging their biological characteristics, which revealed the combination of inflammatory factors and hypoxic preconditioning offers a promising approach to enhance the function of MSCs. As we delve deeper into the intricacies of pretreatment methodologies, we anticipate a transformative shift in the landscape of MSC-based therapies, ultimately contributing to improved patient outcomes and advancing the field as a whole.

2.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 54(1): 86-91, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514063

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of dexmedetomidine (Dex) on propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS)-induced myocardial injury and explore the roles of ferroptosis and accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). METHODS: Eighteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were evenly divided into the control group, model group and test group (n=6/group) based on a computer-generated random number table. The PRIS-induced myocardial injury model was prepared in the model group and test group through a 12 h-caudal vein infusion of 1% propofol medium and long chain fat emulsion injection at a rate of 20 mg·Kg-1·h-1 for the first 6 h and 40 mg·Kg-1·h--1 for the last 6 h, and meanwhile the test group was treated by Dex. The control group received the same amount of normal saline through the caudal vein. The following indicators were compared between the three groups including myocardial pathological results, enzymatic changes of myocardial injury, ferroptosis of myocardial cells and accumulation of ROS. RESULTS: Dex alleviated the myocardial pathological injury caused by propofol infusion. Propofol infusion caused time-dependent enzymatic changes of myocardial injury and Dex alleviated these enzymatic changes. Dex alleviated the ferroptosis of myocardial cells and accumulation of ROS caused by propofol infusion. CONCLUSIONS: Dex could alleviate PRIS-induced myocardial injury by inhibiting ferroptosis associated with accumulation of ROS. Combined sedation using propofol and Dex might be a potential strategy for the prevention and treatment of PRIS-induced cardiotoxicity.


Asunto(s)
Dexmedetomidina , Ferroptosis , Síndrome de Infusión de Propofol , Propofol , Ratas , Animales , Masculino , Propofol/farmacología , Dexmedetomidina/farmacología , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapéutico , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
3.
PeerJ ; 12: e17137, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38529310

RESUMEN

Gleditsia sinensis, commonly known as Chinese Zaojiao, has important economic value and medicinal compounds in its fruits and thorns, making it widely cultivated artificially in China. However, the available literature on the impact of waterlogging on the growth of G. sinensis seedlings and the accumulation of metabolite compounds in its thorns is limited. To address this knowledge gap, G. sinensis seedlings were planted in soil supplemented with pindstrup substrate, which enhances the water-holding capacity of the soil. The analyses of morphological traits and nutrient elements in one-year-old G. sinensis seedlings grown naturally under ambient conditions and metabolite accumulation in its thorns were conducted. The results showed that the waterlogged soil significantly diminished the height, fresh weight, and dry weight of seedling roots and stems (P < 0.05). Furthermore, waterlogging hindered the uptake of iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn), as well as the transport of potassium (K). The identified metabolites within the thorns were categorized into 16 distinct groups. Relative to the control soil, fatty acids and derivatives were the most down-regulated metabolites in the waterlogged soil, accounting for 40.58% of the total metabolites, followed by lignans (38.71%), phenolic acids (34.48%), saccharides and alcohols (34.15%), steroids (16.67%), alkaloids (12.24%), flavonoids (9.28%), and glycerophospholipids (7.41%). Conversely, nucleotides and derivatives experienced the greatest up-regulation in the waterlogged soil, accounting for 50.00% of the total metabolites. In conclusion, waterlogging negatively impacted the growth of G. sinensis seedlings and inhibited the accumulation of metabolites. Hence, when considering the accumulation of secondary metabolites such as lignans and phenolic acids, appropriate management of soil moisture levels should be taken into account.


Asunto(s)
Gleditsia , Lignanos , Plantones , Lignanos/metabolismo , Gleditsia/química , Extractos Vegetales/metabolismo , Raíces de Plantas
4.
Curr Med Sci ; 44(1): 28-50, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336987

RESUMEN

Copper is an essential trace element, and plays a vital role in numerous physiological processes within the human body. During normal metabolism, the human body maintains copper homeostasis. Copper deficiency or excess can adversely affect cellular function. Therefore, copper homeostasis is stringently regulated. Recent studies suggest that copper can trigger a specific form of cell death, namely, cuproptosis, which is triggered by excessive levels of intracellular copper. Cuproptosis induces the aggregation of mitochondrial lipoylated proteins, and the loss of iron-sulfur cluster proteins. In neurodegenerative diseases, the pathogenesis and progression of neurological disorders are linked to copper homeostasis. This review summarizes the advances in copper homeostasis and cuproptosis in the nervous system and neurodegenerative diseases. This offers research perspectives that provide new insights into the targeted treatment of neurodegenerative diseases based on cuproptosis.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas/tratamiento farmacológico , Cobre , Muerte Celular , Proteínas Mitocondriales
5.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 230, 2024 Feb 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373930

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify metabolic subtypes in ESCA, explore their relationship with immune landscapes, and establish a metabolic index for accurate prognosis assessment. METHODS: Clinical, SNP, and RNA-seq data were collected from 80 ESCA patients from the TCGA database and RNA-seq data from the GSE19417 dataset. Metabolic genes associated with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were selected, and k-means clustering was performed. Immune-related pathways, immune infiltration, and response to immunotherapy were predicted using bioinformatic algorithms. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was conducted to identify metabolic genes associated with co-expression modules. Lastly, cell culture and functional analysis were performed using patient tissue samples and ESCA cell lines to verify the identified genes and their roles. RESULTS: Molecular subtypes were identified based on the expression profiles of metabolic genes, and univariate survival analysis revealed 163 metabolic genes associated with ESCA prognosis. Consensus clustering analysis classified ESCA samples into three distinct subtypes, with MC1 showing the poorest prognosis and MC3 having the best prognosis. The subtypes also exhibited significant differences in immune cell infiltration, with MC3 showing the highest scores. Additionally, the MC3 subtype demonstrated the poorest response to immunotherapy, while the MC1 subtype was the most sensitive. WGCNA analysis identified gene modules associated with the metabolic index, with SLC5A1, NT5DC4, and MTHFD2 emerging as prognostic markers. Gene and protein expression analysis validated the upregulation of MTHFD2 in ESCA. MTHFD2 promotes the progression of ESCA and may be a potential therapeutic target for ESCA. CONCLUSION: The established metabolic index and identified metabolic genes offer potential for prognostic assessment and personalized therapeutic interventions for ESCA, underscoring the importance of targeting metabolism-immune interactions in ESCA. MTHFD2 promotes the progression of ESCA and may be a potential therapeutic target for ESCA.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Esófago , Humanos , Pronóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Inmunoterapia , Regulación hacia Arriba
6.
BMJ Open ; 14(2): e076625, 2024 02 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331861

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The literature presents complex inter-relationships among individual-factors and organisational-factors and barriers to seeking mental health support after deployment. This study aims to quantify longitudinal associations between such factors and barriers to mental health support. DESIGN: A longitudinal online survey of Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel collected data at 3 months post-deployment (T1), 6 months post-deployment (T2) and 1 year post-deployment (T3). SETTING: In 2020, as part of Canada's response to the COVID-19 pandemic, 2595 CAF personnel deployed on Operation LASER to support civilian long-term care facilities in Québec and Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: All Operation LASER personnel were invited to participate: 1088, 582 and 497 responded at T1, T2 and T3, respectively. Most respondents were young, male, non-commissioned members. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Barriers to mental health support were measured using 25 self-reported items and grouped into theory-based factors, including eight factors exploring care-seeking capabilities, opportunities and motivations; and two factors exploring moral issues. Logistic regressions estimated the crude and adjusted associations of individual and organisational characteristics (T1) with barriers (T2 and T3). RESULTS: When adjusting for sex, military rank and mental health status, increased meaningfulness of deployment was associated with lower probability of endorsing barriers related to conflicts with career goals and moral discomfort in accessing support at T2. Higher scores in trust in leadership were associated with lower probability of endorsing four barriers at T2, and five barriers at T3. CONCLUSIONS: We identified several modifiable organisational-level characteristics that may help reduce perceived barriers to mental health support in military and other high-risk occupational populations. Results suggest that promoting individuals' sense of purpose, instilling trust in leadership and promoting relatedness among team members may improve perceptions of access to mental health supports in the months following a domestic deployment or comparable occupational exposure.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales , Servicios de Salud Mental , Personal Militar , Humanos , Masculino , Personal Militar/psicología , Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología , Estudios Longitudinales , Liderazgo , Pandemias , Confianza , Ontario
7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(7): 6196-6207, 2024 Feb 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305020

RESUMEN

The plasmonic photothermal conversion efficiency can be enhanced by coupling among plasmonic atoms or plasmonic molecules due to the amplified local electric field and extinction cross-section. Recently, it has been theoretically proved that hybridization between dipolar modes and higher order modes can provide higher enhancement than that among dipolar modes in terms of both near- and far-field, which may lead to a higher photothermal conversion rate. In this work, we systematically investigated the photothermal conversion enhancement of plasmonic coupling between a dipolar mode of a titanium nitride nanoparticle (TiN NP) and a higher order mode of a gold nanorod (Au NR), which was compared to that of coupling among TiN NPs' dipolar modes. We evaluated the photothermal conversion efficiency of dipole-dipole coupling and dipole-multipole coupling in the nanocluster under the illumination of a monochromatic laser of 808 nm wavelength and simulated solar light, respectively. Both experimental tests and numerical simulations suggested that the plasmonic dipole-multipole coupling exhibited higher enhancement in photothermal conversion than dipole-dipole plasmonic coupling.

8.
Physiol Plant ; 176(1): e14211, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351399

RESUMEN

Alpine Rhododendron species are prominent constituents and renowned ornamental plants in alpine ecosystems. Consequently, evaluating the genetic variation in embolism resistance within the genus Rhododendron and predicting their adaptability to future climate change is important. Nevertheless, the assessment of embolism resistance in Rhododendron species remains limited. This investigation aimed to examine leaf vulnerability to embolism across ten alpine Rhododendron species, which are frequently employed as ornamental species in Rhododendron forests in Southwest China. The study analyzed the correlation between embolism resistance and various morphological traits, while also conducting water control experiments to evaluate the relationship between embolism resistance and drought resistance. The outcomes indicated pronounced variations in leaf vulnerability to embolism among species, as reflected by the water potential at 50% of embolized pixels (P50 ). Furthermore, the leaf P50 exhibited a significant positive correlation with vessel diameter (D) (R2 = 0.44, P = 0.03) and vessel wall span (b) (R2 = 0.64, P = 0.005), while displaying a significant negative correlation with vessel reinforcement ((t/b)2 ) (R2 = 0.67, P = 0.004). These findings underscore the reliability of selecting species based on embolism vulnerability to preserve the diversity of alpine ecosystems and foster resilience to climate change.


Asunto(s)
Embolia , Rhododendron , Ecosistema , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Hojas de la Planta , Agua , China
9.
Heliyon ; 10(1): e23489, 2024 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38192762

RESUMEN

Background: Mycoplasma hominis (M. hominis) commonly colonizes the genitourinary tract of adult women and may result in neonatal meningitis through vertical transmission. Although there are few case reports, if the treatment is not conducted timely, the disease progresses rapidly, which may lead to serious complications and a poor prognosis. Case presentation: In the present study, a 10-day-old full-term neonate who presented with fever as the initial symptom and was eventually diagnosed with meningitis caused by M. hominis was reported. In the present case, the pathogen was not detected during the initial routine investigations, and the therapeutic effects of empiric antibiotic therapy were poor. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was conducted with the detection of M. hominis, and the antibiotics were adjusted to moxifloxacin combined with doxycycline. The clinical symptoms of the pediatric patient disappeared with an improvement in related laboratory results. Conclusion: It was difficult to detect M. hominis by routine bacterial culture. Therefore, M. hominis infection should be checked for in children with meningitis who had a negative result in CSF culture and poor therapeutic effects of empirical medication. mNGS in CSF should be conducted as soon as possible, and sensitive antibiotics should be administered in time to reduce the incidence of complications and improve the prognosis.

10.
Heliyon ; 10(1): e23426, 2024 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38173512

RESUMEN

Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury constitutes a significant risk factor for a range of diseases, including ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, and trauma. Following the restoration of blood flow post-tissue ischemia, oxidative stress can lead to various forms of cell death, including necrosis, apoptosis, autophagy, and necroptosis. Recent evidence has highlighted the crucial role of mitochondrial dysfunction in I/R injury. Nevertheless, there remains much to be explored regarding the molecular signaling network governing cell death under conditions of oxidative stress. Voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1), a major component in the outer mitochondrial membrane, is closely involved in the regulation of cell death. In a cellular model of oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R), which effectively simulates I/R injury in vitro, our study reveals that OGD/R induces VDAC1 oligomerization, consequently exacerbating cell death. Furthermore, we have revealed the translocation of mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) to the mitochondria, where it interacts with VDAC1 following OGD/R injury, leading to an increased mitochondrial membrane permeability. Notably, the inhibition of MLKL by necrosulfonamide hinders the binding of MLKL to VDAC1, primarily by affecting the membrane translocation of MLKL, and reduces OGD/R-induced VDAC1 oligomerization. Collectively, our findings provide preliminary evidence of the functional association between MLKL and VDAC1 in the regulation of necroptosis.

11.
Exp Dermatol ; 33(1): e14812, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37086043

RESUMEN

Rosacea is a complex chronic inflammatory skin disorder with high morbidity. Pyroptosis is known as a regulated inflammatory cell death. While its association with immune response to various inflammatory disorders is well established, little is known about its functional relevance of rosacea. So, we aimed to explore and enrich the pathogenesis involved in pyroptosis-related rosacea aggravations. In this study, we evaluated the pyroptosis-related patterns of rosacea by consensus clustering analysis of 45 ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs), with multiple immune cell infiltration analysis to identify the pyroptosis-mediated immune response in rosacea using GSE65914 dataset. The co-co-work between PRGs and WGCNA-revealed hub genes has established using PPI network. FRG signature was highlighted in rosacea using multi-transcriptomic and experiment analysis. Based on this, three distinct pyroptosis-related rosacea patterns (non/moderate/high) were identified, and the notably enriched pathways have revealed through GO, KEGG and GSEA analysis, especially immune-related pathways. Also, the XCell/MCPcount/ssGSEA/Cibersort underlined the immune-related signalling (NK cells, Monocyte, Neutrophil, Th2 cells, Macrophage), whose hub genes were identified through WGCNA (NOD2, MYD88, STAT1, HSPA4, CXCL8). Finally, we established a pyroptosis-immune co-work during the rosacea aggravations. FRGs may affect the progression of rosacea by regulating the immune cell infiltrations. In all, pyroptosis with its mediated immune cell infiltration is a critical factor during the development of rosacea.


Asunto(s)
Piroptosis , Rosácea , Humanos , Piroptosis/genética , Rosácea/genética , Piel , Proteínas Adaptadoras Transductoras de Señales , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica
12.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 23: 64-76, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38125299

RESUMEN

Background: Accumulating evidence suggests that regulated cell death, such as pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necroptosis, is deeply involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. As a newly recognized form of systematic cell death, PANoptosis is involved in a variety of inflammatory disorders through amplifying inflammatory and immune cascades, but its role in psoriasis remains elusive. Objectives: To reveal the role of PANoptosis in psoriasis for a potential therapeutic strategy. Methods: Multitranscriptomic analysis and experimental validation were used to identify PANoptosis signaling in psoriasis. RNA-seq and scRNA-seq analyses were performed to establish a PANoptosis-mediated immune response in psoriasis, which revealed hub genes through WGCNA and predicted disulfiram as a potential drug. The effect and mechanism of disulfiram were verified in imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis. Results: Here, we found a highlighted PANoptosis signature in psoriasis patients through multitranscriptomic analysis and experimental validation. Based on this, two distinct PANoptosis patterns (non/high) were identified, which were the options for clinical classification. The high-PANoptosis-related group had a higher response rate to immune cell infiltration (such as M1 macrophages and keratinocytes). Subsequently, WGCNA showed the hub genes (e.g., S100A12, CYCS, NOD2, STAT1, HSPA4, AIM2, MAPK7), which were significantly associated with clinical phenotype, PANoptosis signature, and identified immune response in psoriasis. Finally, we explored disulfiram (DSF) as a candidate drug for psoriasis through network pharmacology, which ameliorated IMQ-mediated psoriatic symptoms through antipyroptosis-mediated inflammation and enhanced apoptotic progression. By analyzing the specific ligand-receptor interaction pairs within and between cell lineages, we speculated that DSF might exert its effects by targeting keratinocytes directly or targeting M1 macrophages to downregulate the proliferation of keratinocytes. Conclusions: PANoptosis with its mediated immune cell infiltration provides a roadmap for research on the pathogenesis and therapeutic strategies of psoriasis.

13.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 23(1): 423, 2023 Nov 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38036993

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The present study aims to explore the clinical application of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in pediatric patients with congenital upper gastrointestinal obstruction (CUGIO). METHODS: A total of 82 pediatric patients with CUGIO admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit in Kunming Children's Hospital between June 2017 and June 2021 were enrolled in the present study and divided into two groups: the ERAS group (n = 46) and the control group (n = 36). The ERAS management mode was adopted in the ERAS group, and the conventional perioperative management mode was adopted in the control group. RESULTS: In the ERAS group and the control group, the time to the first postoperative bowel movement was 49.2 ± 16.6 h and 58.4 ± 18.8 h, respectively, and the time to the first postoperative feeding was 79 ± 7.1 h and 125.2 ± 8.3 h, respectively. The differences in the above two indicators between the two groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05). In the ERAS group, the days of parenteral nutrition and the length of hospital stay were 14.5 ± 2.3 d and 18.8 ± 6.4 d, respectively. In the control group, 17.6 ± 2.2 d and 23.1 ± 8.1 d, respectively. The differences in these two indicators between the two groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The ERAS management model had a positive effect on early postoperative recovery in pediatric patients with CUGIO.


Asunto(s)
Obstrucción Duodenal , Recuperación Mejorada Después de la Cirugía , Recién Nacido , Humanos , Niño , Obstrucción Duodenal/etiología , Obstrucción Duodenal/cirugía , Intestinos , Periodo Posoperatorio , Tiempo de Internación , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos
14.
JTO Clin Res Rep ; 4(12): 100584, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38046376

RESUMEN

Introduction: We hypothesized that ramucirumab could increase previously reported objective response rate (ORR) of 11% of single-agent nivolumab in the second-line therapy of unresectable mesothelioma. Methods: This was a cooperative group, single-arm, phase 2 trial enrolling patients with unresectable mesothelioma after progression on more than or equal to one pemetrexed-containing regimen. Ramucirumab and nivolumab were given intravenously every 14 days for up to 24 months. The primary end point was ORR; secondary end points were progression-free survival (PFS) rate at 24 weeks and overall survival (OS). Results: Between April 2018 and October 2021, 34 patients were recruited. Median age was 72 (range: 40-89) years, 12% were women, and 79% of tumors had epithelial histology. Median follow-up was 10.2 months (interquartile range 19.6 mo [4.3-23.8]). ORR was 22.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.6%-41.1%) in all population and 43% (95% CI: 10%-82%) in patients with nonepithelioid histology. Of all patients, 45.2% (95% CI: 27.3%-64.0%) had stable disease. PFS rate at 24 weeks was 32% (95% CI: 17%-51%). Median PFS was 4.2 months (95% CI: 1.9-6.4 mo). Median OS was 12.5 months (95% CI: 6.3-23.5 mo). There was no grade greater than or equal to four toxicity. Programmed death-ligand 1 expression in the tumor did not correlate with benefit from treatment. Activation of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in response to treatment was associated with a trend toward improvement in PFS. Conclusions: Nivolumab and ramucirumab combination was safe and generated PFS and OS rates and ORR that compare favorably with single-agent nivolumab in a similar patient population. The primary end point of 40% ORR was not reached. Further investigation of this regimen in mesothelioma with nonepithelioid histology may be warranted. Clinical Trial Information: NCT03502746.

15.
J Environ Manage ; 347: 119233, 2023 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37812903

RESUMEN

As ecosystems subject to periodic tides, estuarine wetlands have a significant capacity to sequester carbon over time. Understanding the distribution patterns of soil carbon components and identifying the key factors influencing these patterns are key to gaining insight into the function of "blue carbon" in coastal wetlands. To clarify the response of soil carbon components to wetland types and hydrological effects in estuarine wetlands, the typical estuarine wetlands in Jiaozhou Bay, China were selected as the study area, and the soil organic carbon (SOC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), microbial biomass carbon (MBC), soil inorganic carbon (SIC) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) under different wetland types and hydrological effects were investigated. The results showed that the SOC, SIC, and MBC contents were significantly influenced by the wetland types. The SOC and MBC contents were as follows: mudflat (GT) > Phragmites australis wetland (PA) > Suaeda salsa wetland (SS). The overall content of SIC was highest in PA, followed by GT and SS. Hydrological effects had significant influence on the soil MBC, DOC and DIC contents. With the increase hydrological effects, the soil MBC content decreased by 38.89%-72.22%, while the DOC and DIC contents increased by 15.13%-19.89% and 13.41%-86.70%, respectively. The results of the correlation analysis and structural equation model indicated that wetland types and hydrological effects directly or indirectly (through changes in soil pH, bulk density, water content, and salinity) drove the changes in soil carbon contents in estuarine wetlands. Altogether, our findings implied that the alterations of wetland types and hydrological effects will affect the blue carbon function of estuarine wetlands. In the future, for accurate assessment of a blue carbon budget for estuarine wetlands, the differences in wetland types and hydrological effects of different areas should be considered.


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Humedales , Suelo/química , Carbono/análisis , Bahías , Poaceae , China , Materia Orgánica Disuelta
16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37817652

RESUMEN

Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) is characterized by hyperglycemia, and caused by a lack of insulin secretion. At present there is no cure for T1D and patients are dependent on exogenous insulin for lifelong, which seriously affects their lives. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be differentiated to ß cell-like cells to rescue the secretion of insulin and reconstruct immunotolerance to preserve the function of islet ß cells. Due to the higher proportion of children and adolescents in T1D patients, the efficacy and safety issue of the application of MSC's transplant in T1D was primarily demonstrated and identified by human clinical trials in this review. Then we clarified the mechanism of MSCs to relieve the symptom of T1D and found out that UC-MSCs have no obvious advantage over the other types of MSCs, the autologous MSCs from BM or menstrual blood with less expanded ex vivo could be the better choice for clinical application to treat with T1D through documentary analysis. Finally, we summarized the advances of MSCs with different interventions such as genetic engineering in the treatment of T1D, and demonstrated the advantages and shortage of MSCs intervened by different treatments in the transplantation, which may enhance the clinical efficacy and overcome the shortcomings in the application of MSCs to T1D in future.

17.
Ginekol Pol ; 2023 Oct 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37842987

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop and validate an ovarian tumor ultrasonographic diagnostic model based on deep convolutional neural networks (DCNN) and compare its diagnostic performance with that of human experts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We collected 486 ultrasound images of 192 women with malignant ovarian tumors and 617 ultrasound images of 213 women with benign ovarian tumors, all confirmed by pathological examination. The image dataset was split into a training set and a validation set according to a 7:3 ratio. We selected 5 DCNNs to develop our model: MobileNet, Xception, Inception, ResNet and DenseNet. We compared the performance of the five models through the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. We then randomly selected 200 images from the validation set as the test set. We asked three expert radiologists to diagnose the images to compare the performance of radiologists and the DCNN model. RESULTS: In the validation set, AUC of DenseNet was 0.997 while AUC was 0.988 of ResNet, 0.987 of Inception, 0.968 of Xception and 0.836 of MobileNet. In the test set, the accuracy was 0.975 with the DenseNet model versus 0.825 (p < 0.0001) with the radiologists, and sensitivity was 0.975 versus 0.700 (p < 0.0001), and specificity was 0.975 versus 0.908 (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: DensNet performed better than other DCNNs and expert radiologists in identifying malignant ovarian tumors from benign ovarian tumors based on ultrasound images, a finding that needs to be further explored in clinical trials.

18.
Plants (Basel) ; 12(19)2023 Sep 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37836186

RESUMEN

In this review, the significance of ratoon rice was introduced, and the research status and development trends of ratoon rice were also summarized. It is pointed out that mechanically harvested ratoon rice is the developing direction of future ratoon rice. On this basis, we analyzed the relationship between the yield of ratoon rice and many factors, such as variety characteristics, sowing date, water control, fertilizer, and many others. It is important to construct a comprehensive and practical evaluation system for rice regeneration that can provide a basis for high-yield cultivation of machine-harvested ratoon rice. At the same time, it is suggested that combining high-yield cultivation with the green ecological efficiency of rice can achieve better production and improve the quality of rice. Finally, some problems with ratoon rice development were put forward. An in-depth study on the rhizosphere biology and regulation techniques of ratoon rice and the effective ecological compensation mechanism increased the capacity and quality of ratoon rice. Further, the functioning of such research can enhance the planting area for ratoon rice and improve food security.

19.
Melanoma Res ; 33(6): 514-524, 2023 12 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37738028

RESUMEN

The treatment of metastatic uveal melanoma remains a major clinical challenge. Procaspase-3, a proapoptotic protein and precursor to the key apoptotic executioner caspase-3, is overexpressed in a wide range of malignancies, and the drug PAC-1 leverages this overexpression to selectively kill cancer cells. Herein, we investigate the efficacy of PAC-1 against uveal melanoma cell lines and report the synergistic combination of PAC-1 and entrectinib. This preclinical activity, tolerability data in mice, and the known clinical effectiveness of these drugs in human cancer patients led to a small Phase 1b study in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma. The combination of PAC-1 and entrectinib was tolerated with no treatment-related grade ≥3 toxicities in these patients. The pharmacokinetics of entrectinib were not affected by PAC-1 treatment. In this small and heavily pretreated initial cohort, stable disease was observed in four out of six patients, with a median progression-free survival of 3.38 months (95% CI 1.6-6.5 months). This study is an initial demonstration that the combination of PAC-1 and entrectinib may warrant further clinical investigation. Clinical trial registration: Clinical Trials.gov: NCT04589832.


Asunto(s)
Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutáneas , Neoplasias de la Úvea , Humanos , Animales , Ratones , Melanoma/patología , Neoplasias de la Úvea/patología
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(16)2023 Aug 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37628875

RESUMEN

In recent years, petal blight disease caused by pathogens has become increasingly epidemic in Rhododendron. Breeding disease-resistant rhododendron is considered to be a more environmentally friendly strategy than is the use of chemical reagents. In this study, we aimed to investigate the response mechanisms of rhododendron varieties to petal blight, using transcriptomics and metabolomics analyses. Specifically, we monitored changes in gene expression and metabolite accumulation in Rhododendron 'Xiaotaohong' petals infected with the Alternaria sp. strain (MR-9). The infection of MR-9 led to the development of petal blight and induced significant changes in gene transcription. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were predominantly enriched in the plant-pathogen interaction pathway. These DEGs were involved in carrying out stress responses, with genes associated with H2O2 production being up-regulated during the early and late stages of infection. Correspondingly, H2O2 accumulation was detected in the vicinity of the blight lesions. In addition, defense-related genes, including PR and FRK, exhibited significant up-regulated expression during the infection by MR-9. In the late stage of the infection, we also observed significant changes in differentially abundant metabolites (DAMs), including flavonoids, alkaloids, phenols, and terpenes. Notably, the levels of euscaphic acid, ganoderol A, (-)-cinchonidine, and theophylline in infected petals were 21.8, 8.5, 4.5, and 4.3 times higher, respectively, compared to the control. Our results suggest that H2O2, defense-related genes, and DAM accumulation are involved in the complex response mechanisms of Rhododendron 'Xiaotaohong' petals to MR-9 infection. These insights provide a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis of petal blight disease and may have practical implications for developing disease-resistant rhododendron varieties.


Asunto(s)
Queratoconjuntivitis , Rhododendron , Transcriptoma , Alternaria , Rhododendron/genética , Peróxido de Hidrógeno , Fitomejoramiento , Metabolómica
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