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1.
Food Chem ; 400: 134036, 2023 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087479

RESUMEN

Multi-class antibiotic analysis in aquatic products is still challenging owing to the complex matrix and low co-extraction efficiency of various antibiotics. A facile and sensitive sample pretreatment method based on magnetic dispersive solid-phase extraction was thus developed via systematic optimization of extraction and purification procedure. The multi-class antibiotics can simultaneously be extracted by acetonitrile-2 % acetic acid. Amphiphilic magnetic particles and C18 were used as adsorbents to remove matrix interferences, affording significantly reduced matrix effects of analytes. Under the optimum conditions, satisfactory linearity, recovery, precision, and sensitivity were achieved. The method limits of quantification were 0.25-0.5 µg kg-1. Besides, it displayed obvious advantages in operation convenience and efficiency due to the usage of magnetic particles. The developed method was successfully used to analyze antibiotic residues in both freshwater and seafood products, manifesting its suitability for antibiotic residues analysis in aquatic products.


Asunto(s)
Residuos de Plaguicidas , Polímeros , Acetonitrilos/química , Antibacterianos/análisis , Fenómenos Magnéticos , Residuos de Plaguicidas/análisis , Polímeros/análisis
2.
Chem Eng J ; 451: 138822, 2023 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36060034

RESUMEN

The novel mutations attributed by the high mutagenicity of the SARS-CoV-2 makes its prevention and treatment challenging. Developing an ultra-fast, point-of-care-test (POCT) protocol is critical for responding to large-scale spread of SARS-CoV-2 in public places and in resource-poor remote areas. Here, we developed a nanoplasmonic enhanced isothermal amplification (NanoPEIA) strategy that combines a nanoplasmonic sensor with isothermal amplification. The novel strategy provides an ideal easy-to operate detection platform for obtaining accurate, ultra-fast and high-throughput (96 samples can be tested together) data. For clinical samples with viral detection at Ct value <25, the entire process (including sample preparation, virus lysis, detection, and data analysis) can be completed within six minutes. The method is also appropriate for detection of SARS-CoV-2 γ-coronavirus mutants. The NanoPEIA method was validated using clinical samples from 21 patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection and 31 healthy individuals. The detection result on the 52 clinical samples for SARS-CoV-2 showed that the NanoPEIA platform had a 100% sensitivity for N and orf1ab genes, which was higher than those obtained using RT-qPCR (88.9% and 90.0%, respectively). The specificities of 31 clinical negative samples were 92.3% and 91.7% for the N gene and the orf1ab gene, respectively. The limits of detection (LoD) of the clinical samples were 28.3 copies/mL and 23.3 copies/mL for the N gene and the orf1ab gene, respectively. The efficient NanoPEIA detection strategy facilitates real-time detection and visualization within ultrashort durations and can be applied for POCT diagnosis in resource-poor and highly populated areas.

3.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 920882, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091426

RESUMEN

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a neoplastic plasma cell proliferative disorder characterized by various osteolytic bone destruction as a radiological morphological marker. Functional imaging, particularly nuclear medicine imaging, is a promising method to visualize disease processes before the appearance of structural changes by targeting specific biomarkers related to metabolism ability, tumor microenvironment as well as neoplastic receptors. In addition, by targeting particular antigens with therapeutic antibodies, immuno-PET imaging can support the development of personalized theranostics. At present, various imaging agents have been prepared and evaluated in MM at preclinical and clinical levels. A summary overview of molecular functional imaging in MM is provided, and commonly used radiotracers are characterized.

4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 3893-3911, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092245

RESUMEN

The recent rapid development in the field of extracellular vesicles (EVs) based nanotechnology has provided unprecedented opportunities for nanomedicine platforms. As natural nanocarriers, EVs such as exosomes, exosome-like nanoparticles and outer membrane vesicles (OMVs), have unique structure/composition/morphology characteristics, and show excellent physical and chemical/biochemical properties, making them a new generation of theranostic nanomedicine. Here, we reviewed the characteristics of EVs from the perspective of their formation and biological function in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Moreover, EVs can crucially participate in the interaction and communication of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs)-immune cells-gut microbiota to regulate immune response, intestinal inflammation and intestinal homeostasis. Interestingly, based on current representative examples in the field of exosomes and exosome-like nanoparticles for IBD treatment, it is shown that plant, milk, and cells-derived exosomes and exosome-like nanoparticles can exert a therapeutic effect through their components, such as proteins, nucleic acid, and lipids. Moreover, several drug loading methods and target modification of exosomes are used to improve their therapeutic capability. We also discussed the application of exosomes and exosome-like nanoparticles in the treatment of IBD. In this review, we aim to better and more clearly clarify the underlying mechanisms of the EVs in the pathogenesis of IBD, and provide directions of exosomes and exosome-like nanoparticles mediated for IBD treatment.


Asunto(s)
Exosomas , Vesículas Extracelulares , Enfermedades Inflamatorias del Intestino , Enfermedad Crónica , Exosomas/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Humanos , Enfermedades Inflamatorias del Intestino/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Inflamatorias del Intestino/tratamiento farmacológico , Nanomedicina , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 929020, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093163

RESUMEN

Objectives: To explore the associations between different types and doses of statins and adverse events in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases for randomized controlled trials that compared statins with non-statin controls or different types or doses of statins. The primary outcomes included muscle condition, transaminase elevations, renal insufficiency, gastrointestinal discomfort, cancer, new onset or exacerbation of diabetes, cognitive impairment, and eye condition. We also analyzed myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, death from cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and all-cause death as the secondary outcomes to compare the potential harms with the benefits of statins. We conducted pairwise meta-analyses to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each outcome. Network meta-analyses were performed to compare the adverse effects of different statins. An Emax model was used to examine the dose-response relationships of the adverse effects of each statin. Results: Forty-seven trials involving 107,752 participants were enrolled and followed up for 4.05 years. Compared with non-statin control, statins were associated with an increased risk of transaminase elevations [OR 1.62 (95% CI 1.20 to 2.18)]. Statins decreased the risk of MI [OR 0.66 (95% CI 0.61 to 0.71), P < 0.001], stroke [OR 0.78 (95% CI 0.72 to 0.84), P < 0.001], death from CVD [OR 0.77 (95% CI 0.72 to 0.83), P < 0.001] and all-cause death [OR 0.83 (95% CI 0.79 to 0.88), P < 0.001]. Atorvastatin showed a higher risk of transaminase elevations than non-statin control [OR 4.0 (95% CI 2.2 to 7.6)], pravastatin [OR 3.49 (95% CI 1.77 to 6.92)] and simvastatin [OR 2.77 (95% CI 1.31 to 5.09)], respectively. Compared with atorvastatin, simvastatin was associated with a lower risk of muscle problems [OR 0.70 (95% CI 0.55 to 0.90)], while rosuvastatin showed a higher risk [OR 1.75 (95% CI 1.17 to 2.61)]. An Emax dose-response relationship was identified for the effect of atorvastatin on transaminase elevations. Conclusion: Statins were associated with increased risks of transaminases elevations in secondary prevention. Our study provides the ranking probabilities of statins that can help clinicians make optimal decisions when there is not enough literature to refer to. Systematic review registration: [https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/], identifier [CRD42021285161].

6.
RSC Adv ; 12(37): 23912-23921, 2022 Aug 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093240

RESUMEN

In this paper, a core-shell structure nickel disulfide and ZIF-67 composite electrode material (NiS2/ZIF-67) was synthesized by a two-step method. Firstly, spherical NiS2 was synthesized by a hydrothermal method, dispersed in methanol, then reacted and coated by adding cobalt ions and 2-methylimidazole to obtain the NiS2/ZIF-67 core-shell composite. The NiS2/ZIF-67 composite shows a high specific capacitance (1297.9 F g-1 at 1 A g-1) and excellent cycling durability (retaining 110.0% after 4000 cycles at 5 A g-1). Furthermore, the corresponding hybrid supercapacitor (NiS2/ZIF-67//AC HSC) has an energy density of 9.5 W h kg-1 at 411.1 W kg-1 (6 M KOH) and remarkable cycling stability (maintaining 133.3% after 5000 cycles). Its excellent electrochemical performance may be due to the core-shell structure and the synergistic effect between the transition metal sulfide and metal-organic framework. These results indicate that the NiS2/ZIF-67 composite as an electrode material with a core-shell structure has potential application in high-efficiency supercapacitors.

7.
Transl Cancer Res ; 11(8): 2996-3002, 2022 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093513

RESUMEN

Background: Epstein-Barr-virus-negative Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is highly aggressive, and it is extremely rare that the lesion is confined to the uterine cervix at the time of diagnosis. Primary BL of the cervix lacks standardization of management due to its rarity. Autologous chimeric-antigen-receptor-T (CAR-T) cell therapy has achieved favourable outcomes in B cell malignant tumors, but the effect on BL is not satisfactory. With the continuous development of new technologies, allogeneic CAR-T cell therapy is constantly optimized, becoming safer and more effective, and it may become the first-line treatment option for malignant tumor cases with poor prognosis and insufficient treatment approaches. Case Description: A middle-aged Chinese female patient was admitted to the hospital for unexplained vaginal bleeding and cervical mass, and was diagnosed as primary BL of the cervix through pathological examination. After the failure of multi-line chemotherapy, the patient received donor-derived CD19/CD22 dual-targeted CAR-T cell therapy and achieved partial remission before bridging to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Unfortunately, our patient eventually died of complications associated with allo-HSCT and septic shock before neutrophil and platelet implantation. Conclusions: The current results have confirmed that allogeneic CAR-T cells could provide better treatment opportunities for more patients. To our knowledge, this is the first report of allogeneic CAR-T cell therapy bridging to allo-HSCT in the treatment of primary BL of the cervix. And it provides a more treatment options for refractory adult BL.

8.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097242

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Deep learning (DL)-based attenuation correction (AC) is promising to improve myocardial perfusion (MP) SPECT. We aimed to optimize and compare the DL-based direct and indirect AC methods, with and without SPECT and CT mismatch. METHODS: One hundred patients with different 99mTc-sestamibi activity distributions and anatomical variations were simulated by a population of XCAT phantoms. Additionally, 34 patients 99mTc-sestamibi stress/rest SPECT/CT scans were retrospectively recruited. Projections were reconstructed by OS-EM method with or without AC. Mismatch between SPECT and CT images was modeled. A 3D conditional generative adversarial network (cGAN) was optimized for two DL-based AC methods: (i) indirect approach, i.e., non-attenuation corrected (NAC) SPECT paired with the corresponding attenuation map for training. The projections were reconstructed with the DL-generated attenuation map for AC; (ii) direct approach, i.e., NAC SPECT paired with the corresponding AC SPECT for training to perform direct AC. RESULTS: Mismatch between SPECT and CT degraded DL-based AC performance. The indirect approach is superior to direct approach for various physical and clinical indices, even with mismatch modeled. CONCLUSION: DL-based estimation of attenuation map for AC is superior and more robust to direct generation of AC SPECT.

9.
World J Emerg Med ; 13(5): 379-385, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119773

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Exosomes and exosomal microRNAs have been implicated in tumor occurrence and metastasis. Our previous study showed that microRNA-761 (miR-761) is overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and that its inhibition affects mitochondrial function and inhibits HCC metastasis. The mechanism by which exosomal miR-761 modulates the tumor microenvironment has not been elucidated. METHODS: Exosomal miR-761 was detected in six cell lines. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and transwell migration assays were performed to determine the function of exosomal miR-761 in HCC cells. The luciferase reporter assay was used to analyze miR-761 target genes in normal fibroblasts (NFs). The inhibitors AZD1480 and C188-9 were employed to determine the role of the Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway in the transformation of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). RESULTS: In this study, we characterized the mechanism by which miR-761 reprogrammed the tumor microenvironment. We found that HCC-derived exosomal miR-761 was taken up by NFs. Moreover, HCC exosomes affected the tumor microenvironment by activating NFs via suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 (SOCS2) and the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated that exosomal miR-761 modulated the tumor microenvironment via SOCS2/JAK2/STAT3 pathway-dependent activation of CAFs. Our findings may inspire new strategies for HCC prevention and therapy.

10.
Andrologia ; : e14583, 2022 Sep 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123965

RESUMEN

Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) is a rare genetically heterogeneous disease and characterized by incomplete or absent puberty and infertility. It is worth noting that partial IHH patients could recover reproductive endocrine function following treatment, which is termed reversal. This study aimed to investigate clinical and genetic characteristics of IHH reversal patients. A total of 141 IHH male patients were enrolled and followed up regularly. Their clinical and genetic features were collected and analysed to discover something in common in reversal cases. These IHH patients with a median age of 21 years (interquartile range: 18-24) were divided into reversal group (n = 13) and non-reversal group (n = 128). IL17RD, ERBB4, DLX5, EGFR, SEMA4D, B3GNT1 and CCKAR RSVs were demonstrated in reversal cases for the first time. Pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) RSVs consisted of 3 RSVs (one each patient, including PROKR2 p.W178S, EGFR p.G630R and CCKAR p.S291del) in reversal group. Reversal of IHH could not be ignored in clinical follow-up. Patients with high levels of basal LH and T may harbour more possibility of reversal and worthy extra attention to identify whether reversal occurs or not. Relapse after reversal also needs to be monitored.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; 852: 158472, 2022 Sep 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075432

RESUMEN

Pyrisoxazole is a chiral fungicide with high sterilizing activity to the plant pathogenic bacteria. It has two chiral C atoms, which bring four stereoisomers. The present work was the first time to explore the stereoselective bioaccumulation behavior of pyrisoxazole in earthworms by chiral liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF/MS). The absolute configurations of pyrisoxazole stereoisomers were confirmed by circular dichroism (CD) coupled with calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) method, and the elution order in Lux Cellulose-3 column was as follows: (-)-3S, 5R-pyrisoxazole, (+)-3R, 5S-pyrisoxazole, (+)-3S, 5S-pyrisoxazole and (-)-3R, 5R-pyrisoxazole. The recoveries of pyrisoxazole stereoisomers in earthworm and soil samples ranged from 80.8 % to 101 % with the RSD lower than 6.3 %. In bioaccumulation progress, (+)-3R, 5S-pyrisoxazole was accumulated preferentially in earthworms, and the bioaccumulation concentrations of high-activity (-)-3S, 5R-pyrisoxazole were the lowest. There were no stereoselective bioaccumulation between (+)-3S, 5S-pyrisoxazole and (-)-3R, 5R-pyrisoxazole, while there was diastereoselectivity between Z-pyrisoxazole and E-pyrisoxazole with higher E-pyrisoxazole concentrations. In the whole bioaccumulation process, the BAF values of (+)-3R, 5S-pyrisoxazole were significantly higher than (-)-3S, 5R-pyrisoxazole, and the BAF values of (-)-3S, 5R-pyrisoxazole were the lowest. The dissipation of pyrisoxazole stereoisomers in the artificial soil was very slow and had no stereoselectivity, and the existence of earthworms had little effects on the dissipation of pyrisoxazole stereoisomers, which indicated that the stereoselective behaviors of pyrisoxazole in earthworms were caused by the stereoselective enrichment and dissipation of earthworms themselves. Taken together, (-)-3S, 5R-pyrisoxazole was recommend as a commercial product. This study played a positive role in guiding the development of environmentally friendly pesticides and provided database for the environmental and biological risk assessment of pyrisoxazole.

12.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 948002, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105536

RESUMEN

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of m6A modification and the immune microenvironment (IME) features in aortic dissection (AD) and establish a clinical diagnostic model for AD based on m6A and IME factors. Methods: GSE52093, GSE98770, GSE147026, GSE153434, and GSE107844 datasets were downloaded from the GEO database. The expression of 21 m6A genes including m6A writers, erasers, readers, and immune cell infiltrates was analyzed in AD and healthy samples by differential analysis and ssGSEA method, respectively. Both correlation analyses between m6A genes and immune cells were conducted by Pearson and Spearman analysis. XGboost was used to dissect the major m6A genes with significant influences on AD. AD samples were classified into two subgroups via consensus cluster and principal component analysis (PCA) analysis, respectively. Among each subgroup, paramount IME features were evaluated. Random forest (RF) was used to figure out key genes from AD and healthy shared differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and two AD subgroups after gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis. Finally, we constructed an AD diagnostic model combining important m6A regulatory genes and assessed its efficacy. Results: Among 21 m6A genes, WTAP, HNRNPC, and FTO were upregulated in AD samples, while IGF2BP1 was downregulated compared with healthy samples. Immune cell infiltrating analysis revealed that YTHDF1 was positively correlated with γδT cell level, while FTO was negatively correlated with activated CD4+ T cell abundance. FTO and IGF2BP1 were identified to be crucial genes that facilitate AD development according to the XGboost algorithm. Notably, patients with AD could be classified into two subgroups among which 21 m6A gene expression profiles and IME features differ from each other via consensus cluster analysis. The RF identified SYNC and MAPK1IP1L as the crucial genes from common 657 shared common genes in 1,141 DEGs between high and low m6A scores of AD groups. Interestingly, the AD diagnostic model coordinating SYNC and MAPK1IP1L with FTO and IGF2BP1 performed well in distinguishing AD samples. Conclusion: This study indicated that FTO and IGF2BP1 were involved in the IME of AD. Integrating FTO and IGF2BP1 and MAPK1IP1L key genes in AD with a high m6A level context would provide clues for forthcoming AD diagnosis and therapy.

13.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 5345-5352, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110126

RESUMEN

Background: Late-onset group B Streptococcus (LOGBS) sepsis is a cause of infection and death in infants. Infected breast milk has been considered a source of neonatal GBS infection and invasive infection. However, mother-to-infant transmission of GBS detected by the high-resolution diagnostic method is rarely reported. Methods: This study describes a low-weight premature infant who developed late-onset GBS septicemia 21 days after birth. GBS strains isolated from the mother's cervical secretion, the mother's milk, and the baby's blood were cultured to identify the source of GBS infection. We further confirmed the GBS isolates through matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Finally, we performed whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and phylogenetic analyses on the GBS strains recovered. Results: GBS isolates were cultured from the bloodstream of the premature infant and the mother's milk, respectively. Subsequently, WGS and phylogenetic analyses on three GBS isolates demonstrated that the GBS strain from the infant's bloodstream was 100% homologous to that from the mother's breast milk, which had some different gene fragments from the GBS strain from the mother's cervical secretion. It provided evidence that this infant's late-onset GBS septicemia originated from his mother's breast milk instead of the vertical mother-to-infant transmission. Conclusion: Through WGS and phylogenetic analysis of the GBS strains, we proved in this study that the late-onset GBS sepsis in a premature infant was derived from his mother's breast milk. It indicated that WGS diagnosis is an effective tool for infection tracing. Furthermore, this report provides direction for preventing late-onset GBS infection.

14.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702221119792, 2022 Sep 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112854

RESUMEN

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can treat myocardial injury-related diseases by differentiating into cardiomyocytes. Islet-1 plays an essential role in cardiac maturation. We have discovered that Islet-1 plays a crucial role in the histone acetylation regulation in this process. In addition, to increase GATA4/Nkx2.5 expression, Islet-1 may bind to Gcn5 and then guide Gcn5 to the GATA4/Nkx2.5 promoters, thereby facilitating the differentiation of MSCs into cardiomyocytes. Islet-1 is an important factor in the maturation of the heart. We have previously found that the pivotal factor in histone acetylation regulation in this process is Islet-1. Furthermore, Islet-1 and Gcn5 may boost GATA4/Nkx2.5 expression, which in turn promotes cardiomyocyte differentiation from MSCs. But the molecular mechanism of Islet-1 binding to GCN5 has not been elucidated. In this study, we found that the competitive binding relationship between Islet-1 and MLIP and GCN5 affected myocardial differentiation. The key enzymes of ubiquitination modification of MLIP and Islet-1 are UBE3C and WWP1, respectively. When short hairpin RNA (shRNA) was used to inhibit ß-catenin expression, we found that the expression of UBE3C was upregulated, modifying MLIP ubiquitination and reducing its expression, and it upregulated Islet-1 by inhibiting the expression of WWP1. By using the chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and luciferase reporter system, we found that when MLIP binds to Islet-1, it significantly inhibits the transcriptional activity of Islet-1. In summary, our results show that decreasing ß-catenin regulates the ubiquitination of Islet-1 and MLIP, affecting their expression, reducing the amount of Islet-1 binding to MLIP, and increasing the amount of binding to GCN5 in the nucleus. Therefore, the transcriptional activity of Islet-1 is significantly activated, inducing C3H10T1/2 cells to differentiate into myocytes. Further knowledge of biochemical pathways, including molecular signaling pathways, can provide more insights into the myocardial differentiation mechanism of MSCs.

15.
Immunol Lett ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108773

RESUMEN

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is characterized by fatigable skeletal muscle weakness with a fluctuating and unpredictable disease course and is caused by circulating autoantibodies and pathological T helper cells. Regulation of B-cell function and the T-cell network may be a potential therapeutic strategy for MG. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as potential biomarkers in immune disorders due to their critical roles in various immune cells and multiple inflammatory diseases. Aberrant miR-146a signal activation has been reported in autoimmune diseases, but a detailed exploration of the relationship between miR-146a and MG is still necessary. Using an experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) rat model, we observed that miR-146a was highly expressed in the spleen but expressed at low levels in the thymus and lymph nodes in EAMG rats. Additionally, miR-146a expression in T and B cells was also quite different. EAMG-specific Th17 and Treg cells had lower miR-146a levels, while EAMG-specific B cells had higher miR-146a levels, indicating that targeted intervention against miR-146a might have diametrically opposite effects. Metformin, a drug that was recently demonstrated to alleviate EAMG, may rescue the functions of both Th17 cells and B cells by reversing the expression of miR-146a. We also investigated the downstream target genes of miR-146a in both T and B cells using bioinformatics screening and qPCR. Taken together, our study identifies a complex role of miR-146a in the EAMG rat model, suggesting that more caution should be paid in targeting miR-146a for the treatment of MG.

16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103624

RESUMEN

The movements of soft living tissues, such as muscle, have sparked a strong interest in the design of hydrogel actuators; however, so far, typical manmade examples still lag behind their biological counterparts, which usually function under nonequilibrium conditions through the consumption of high-energy biomolecules and show highly autonomous behaviors. Here, we report on self-resettable hydrogel actuators that are powered by a chemical fuel and can spontaneously return to their original states over time once the fuels are depleted. Self-resettable actuation originates from a chemical fuel-mediated transient change in the hydrophilicity of the hydrogel networks. The actuation extent and duration can be programmed by the fuel levels, and the self-resettable actuation process is highly recyclable through refueling. Furthermore, various proof-of-concept autonomous soft robots are created, resembling the movements of soft-bodied creatures in nature. This work may serve as a starting point for the development of lifelike soft robots with autonomous behaviors.

17.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 154: 113611, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081288

RESUMEN

Cerebrovascular diseases, such as ischemic stroke, pose serious medical challenges worldwide due to their high morbidity and mortality and limitations in clinical treatment strategies. Studies have shown that reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated inflammation, excitotoxicity, and programmed cell death of each neurovascular unit during post-stroke hypoxia and reperfusion play an important role in the pathological cascade. Ferroptosis, a programmed cell death characterized by iron-regulated accumulation of lipid peroxidation, is caused by abnormal metabolism of lipids, glutathione (GSH), and iron, and can accelerate acute central nervous system injury. Recent studies have gradually uncovered the pathological process of ferroptosis in the neurovascular unit of acute stroke. Some drugs such as iron chelators, ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) and liproxstatin-1 (Lip-1) can protect nerves after neurovascular unit injury in acute stroke by inhibiting ferroptosis. In addition, combined with our previous studies on ferroptosis mediated by natural compounds in ischemic stroke, this review summarized the progress in the regulation mechanism of natural chemical components and herbal chemical components on ferroptosis in recent years, in order to provide reference information for future research on ferroptosis and lead compounds for the development of ferroptosis inhibitors.


Asunto(s)
Ferroptosis , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Ciclohexilaminas , Glutatión/metabolismo , Humanos , Hierro/metabolismo , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico/tratamiento farmacológico , Peroxidación de Lípido , Estrés Oxidativo , Fenilendiaminas , Quinoxalinas , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Compuestos de Espiro
18.
Foods ; 11(17)2022 Aug 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076793

RESUMEN

Enantiomers of lactic acid were investigated in Baijiu, including soy sauce aroma-type Baijiu (SSB), strong aroma-type Baijiu (STB), and light aroma-type Baijiu (LTB), via high-performance liquid chromatography with a chiral separation column. The natural concentration and enantiomeric distribution of lactic acid were studied, and their contribution to the flavor of Chinese Baijiu was evaluated based on recognition threshold. The results showed that there were significant differences in the content of lactic acid and the ratio of enantiomeric isomers among different aroma types and storage year. In SSB, the concentrations of D-lactic acid and L-lactic acid were higher, with the highest concentrations of 1985.58 ± 11.34 mg/L and 975.31 ± 14.03 mg/L, respectively. In STB, the highest concentrations of D-lactic acid and L-lactic acid were 1048.00 ± 11.46 mg/L and 939.83 ± 0.23 mg/L, respectively. In LTB, the highest concentrations of D-lactic acid and L-lactic acid were 760.90 ± 9.45 mg/L and 558.33 ± 3.06 mg/L, respectively. The average D/L enantiomeric ratios were 78:22 ± 16.16 and 80:20 ± 9.72 in the Commercial Baijiu products of SSB and STB, respectively. The average D/L enantiomeric ratio in LTB was 90:10 ± 6.08. D-lactic acid in JSHS vintage Baijiu showed a wave variation with aging, while L-lactic acid gradually increased during aging, and the average D/L enantiomeric ratio was 76:24 ± 4.26. The concentration of D-lactic acid in XJCT vintage Baijiu also showed a wave variation with aging, and the concentration of L-lactic acid tended to be stable during aging, with an average D/L enantiomeric ratio of 88:12 ± 2.80. The content of the two configurations of lactic acid in the LZLJ vintage Baijiu showed a decreasing trend during aging, with an average D/L enantiomeric ratio of 60:40 ± 11.99. The recognition threshold of D-lactic acid in 46% ethanol solution was 194.18 mg/L with sour taste; while the L-lactic acid was 98.19 mg/L with sour taste. The recognition threshold of L-lactic acid was about half that of D-lactic acid, indicating that L-lactic acid has a stronger sour taste. The taste activity values (TAVs) of D-lactic acid and L-lactic acid were greater than 1 in most of the Baijiu samples, and the TAV of D-lactic acid was greater than that of L-lactic acid. The study showed that the lactic acid enantiomers contributed to the taste perception of Baijiu in most of the samples, and D-lactic acid contributed more to the Baijiu taste than L-lactic acid.

19.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2022 Aug 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053942

RESUMEN

China has been suggested to be the country with the largest vegetation greenness over the last four decades. In this study, we investigated the change in the speed of canopy development and senescence as well as its linkage with climate at monthly scale across temperate China, using satellite-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data from 1982 to 2015. A significant increase in mean monthly NDVI occurred across all growing-season months except June and November, but this greening trend was mainly contributed by the faster speed of canopy development in April and the slower speed of canopy senescence in October. The average of VNDVI (the difference in NDVI between 2 consecutive months) over temperate China is significantly increased only in April (7.75 × 10-4  year-1 , p < .05) and October (4.98 × 10-4  year-1 , p < .05). In contrast, VNDVI in November is significantly decreased, indicating an increasing trend in the magnitude of leaf fall in the last month of the growing season due to both increase in season maximum greenness and slower canopy senescence in October. We also found clear seasonal differences in the correlations between VNDVI and climatic factors, especially temperature. In April and October, the correlations between VNDVI and temperature were generally positive, while they were negative in June. VNDVI in spring (early growing season) and summer (middle growing season) was also positively correlated with precipitation in semiarid regions. Such seasonally distinct climatic controls on VNDVI should be considered in modelling vegetation responses to climate change. Overall, our findings can help quantify the contribution of different climatic drivers on the shifts in canopy development and senescence and better elucidate the change in vegetation greenness under future climate change.

20.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 5035-5042, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068833

RESUMEN

Purpose: With the spread of multiple drug-resistant bacteria, bla NDM-1 and mcr-9 have been detected in various bacteria worldwide. However, the simultaneous detection of bla NDM-1 and mcr-9 in Enterobacter hormaechei has been rarely reported. This study identified an E. hormaechei strain carrying both bla NDM-1 and mcr-9. We investigated the genetic characteristics of these two resistance genes in detail, elucidating various potential mechanisms by which they may be transmitted. Methods: Bacterial genomic features and possible origins were assessed by whole-genome sequencing (WGS) with Illumina and PacBio platforms and phylogenetic analysis. Subsequent investigations were performed, including antimicrobial susceptibility testing and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Results: We isolated an E. hormaechei strain DY1901 carrying both bla NDM-1 and mcr-9 from the sputum sample. Susceptibility testing showed that the isolate was multidrug-resistant. Multiple antibiotic resistance genes and virulence genes are widely distributed in DY1901. S1-PFGE, Southern blotting, and plasmid replicon typing showed that DY1901 carried four plasmids. The plasmid carrying mcr-9 was 259Kb in size and belonged to IncHI2, while the plasmid carrying bla NDM-1 was 45Kb in length and belonged to IncX3. Conclusion: The E. hormaechei strain isolated in this study has a broad antibiotic resistance spectrum, posing a challenge to clinical treatment. Plasmids carrying mcr-9 are fusion plasmids, and those taking NDM are widely disseminated in China, suggesting that we should conduct routine genomic surveillance on such plasmids to curb the spread of drug-resistant bacteria in the region.

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