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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375979

RESUMEN

Two novel Gram-stain-positive, irregular rod-shaped actinomycetes, S-1144T and 4053, were isolated from leaves of Lamiophlomis rotata on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, PR China. Cells were aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Colonies on Reasoner's 2A agar were light yellow, circular, shiny, smooth and convex after 2 days of incubation. The isolates grew optimally at 25 °C, pH 7.5 and with 0 % (w/v) NaCl. The results of polyphasic analyses indicated that strain S-1144T belonged to the genus Nocardioides and its close phylogenetic neighbours (16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) were Nocardioides litoris DSM 103718T (98.4 %), Nocardioides rubriscoriae DSM 23986T (98.2%) and Nocardioides plantarum DSM 11054T (97.8 %). The genome of strain S-1144T showed less than 70 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization and < 95-96 % average nucleotide identity values to the above reference strains. The DNA G+C content of strain S-1144T was 73.5 mol%. MK-8(H4) was the predominant respiratory quinone (96.0 %) and llLL-2,6-diaminopimelic acid was the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The polar lipid profile of strain S-1144T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids, one unidentified glycolipid and one unidentified lipid. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, C17 : 1 ω8c, C17 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω9c. On the basis of obtained data, strain S-1144T represented a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides dongxiaopingii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S-1144T (=CGMCC 4.7568T=JCM 33469T).

2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416735

RESUMEN

Two novel Gram-stain-positive, irregular rod-shaped bacterial strains, dk3136T and dk3543, were isolated from the faeces of Tibetan gazelle (Procapra picticaudata) in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of PR China. The cells were aerobic, oxidase-negative and catalase-positive. Colonies were yellowish, circular without any observable aerial mycelium after culturing at 28 ℃ for 3 days on brain-heart infusion (BHI) agar with 5 % sheep blood. The cells grew optimally at 28 °C, pH 7.5 and with 1 % (w/v) NaCl on BHI agar supplemented with 5 % sheep blood. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that their nearest phylogenetic relative was Nocardioides solisilvae Ka25T (97.9 % similarity). The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenetic/phylogenomic analyses illustrated that N. solisilvae Ka25T, Nocardioides gilvus XZ17T, Nocardioides houyundeii 78T and Nocardioides daphniae D287T were their nearest phylogenetic neighbours. The DNA G+C contents of strains dk3136T and dk3543 were 70.3 mol% and 70.4 mol%, respectively. Their genomes exhibit lower than threshold (95-96 %) average nucleotide identity to known species of the genus Nocardioides. ll-2,6-diaminopimelic acid was the diagnostic diamino acid and MK-8(H4) was the predominant respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol. The two strains had C18 : 1 ω9c, iso-C16 : 0 and C17 : 1 ω8c as the major fatty acids, and rhamnose and galactose as the main whole-cell sugars. On the basis of the results of our genotypic, phenotypic and biochemical analyses, we conclude that strains dk3136T and dk3543 represent a novel species in genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides jishulii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is dk3136T (=CGMCC 4.7570T=JCM 33496T=KCTC 49314T).

3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32310741

RESUMEN

Two Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, bright-yellow-pigmented and rod-shaped bacteria (strains 100069 and 100111T) with a single polar flagellum were isolated from the rectal contents of plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae). Based on the results of nearly full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenetic analyses, strains 100069 and 100111T belong to the genus Luteimonas, and are closest to Luteimonas rhizosphaerae 4-12T (98.02 % similarity), Luteimonas aestuarii B9T (97.8 %) and Luteimonas terrae THG-MD21T (97.74 %). The DNA G+C contents of these two isolates were 68.30 mol% and 68.29 mol%, respectively. The highest average nucleotide identity (ANI) value between strain 100111T and its closely related species was 83.34 %, well below the threshold of 95-96 %. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C11 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 1 ω9. Polar lipid content was dominated by diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified lipid. Ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) was the predominant respiratory quinone. These two isolates grew optimally at 35-37 °C, pH 7.0-8.0 and with 1.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The results of ANI analysis and other characteristics obtained from our polyphasic study showed that strains 100069 and 100111T represent a novel species in genus Luteimonas, for which the name Luteimonas chenhongjianii sp. nov. (type strain 100111T=DSM 104077T=CGMCC 1.16429T) is proposed.

4.
Crit Care Med ; 2020 Apr 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317602

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the role of microRNA transfer in mediating the effects of mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles in acute lung injury. DESIGN: Experimental cell and animal studies. SETTING: University-based research laboratory. SUBJECTS: THP-1 monocytes, bone marrow-derived macrophages, and C57BL/6 mice. INTERVENTIONS: To determine the microRNA transfer in vitro, mesenchymal stem cells and mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles were cultured with THP-1 cells and bone marrow-derived macrophages and then assayed for microRNA expression in the target cells. To examine the role of microRNA transfer in vivo, mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles were administered to mice with lipopolysaccharide-induced lung injury. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles were efficiently taken up by macrophages in vitro and in vivo. miR-27a-3p was one of the most highly expressed microRNAs in THP-1 cells in microarray analysis and was transferred from mesenchymal stem cells and mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles to THP-1/bone marrow-derived macrophages. Mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles promoted M2 polarization in bone marrow-derived macrophages, which was inhibited by lentiviral anti-miR-27a-3p transduction. Mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles administered systemically and intratracheally were as effective as mesenchymal stem cells in alleviating acute lung injury, elevating miR-27a-3p levels in alveolar macrophages, and promoting M2 macrophage polarization. Treatment of mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles concurrently decreased alveolar macrophage expression of nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1, a target of miR-27a-3p. Lentiviral transduction of mesenchymal stem cells with anti-miR-27a-3p or knockdown of miR-27a-3p in vivo abolished the effects of mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles on acute lung injury and M2 macrophage polarization. CONCLUSIONS: Mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles mitigate acute lung injury at least partially via transferring miR-27a-3p to alveolar macrophages. miR-27a-3p acts to target NFKB1 and is a crucial regulator of M2 macrophage polarization.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(14): e19631, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243391

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: Anterior spinal meningoceles are rare neuroanatomic abnormality formed by protrusion of the spinal meninges through a defect in the vertebral column. Presently, therapeutic options for anterior spinal meningoceles are still controversial. The objective of this study is to discuss the individualized management of giant anterior spinal meningoceles. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: We analyzed 4 patients with anterior spinal meningoceles between 2007 and 2014 in our department by retrospective chart review, two of whom were anterior sacral meningoceles (ASMs), and another2 were intrathoracic meningoceles (ITMs). INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: Patients mainly presented with compressive symptoms including rectal irritation, dyspnea (patient 3) and fixed neurologic deficits (patient 4). Three out of 4 patients received surgical treatment, one of which underwent reoperation. After surgery, meningoceles in 1 patient completely disappeared. Two patients acquired the stability of the size of the meningoceles. LESSONS: Management of anterior spinal meningoceles often requires precise treatment based on the different conditions of each patient. Surgical intervention has been proposed for the treatment of symptomatic anterior spinal meningoceles. The goal of surgery is to safely disconnect the linkage between the cyst and CSF from subarachnoid space to prevent further enlargement of the cyst or reaccumulating of cystic fluid.


Asunto(s)
Meningocele/cirugía , Procedimientos Neuroquirúrgicos/métodos , Medicina de Precisión/métodos , Sacro/inervación , Tórax/inervación , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195646

RESUMEN

A Gram-stain-positive, coccus-shaped, non-motile bacterium, designated CF-49T, was isolated from the cloacal content of a snow finch, which was incidentally captured in a plateau pika burrow on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, PR China. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain CF-49T was closely related to Vagococcus elongatus CCUG 51432T (96.5 % similarity), Vagococcus fluvialis NCFB 2497T (96.0 %) and Vagococcus lutrae CCUG 39187T (95.9 %), whereas the similarity to another isolate (CF-210) was 99.9 %. Strains CF-49T and CF-210 grew optimally at 37 °C and pH 7.0 and in the presence of 0.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Acid was produced from N-acetylglucosamine, cellobiose, d-fructose, d-glucose, d-mannose, d-mannitol, maltose, d-ribose and salicin. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was A4α (l-Lys-d-Asp). The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were C16 : 0 (35.6 %), C14 : 0 (17.3 %), C18 : 1 ω9c (16.2 %) and C16 : 1 ω9c (10.6 %). The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-7 (68.8 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 35.9 mol%. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization of strain CF-49T with V. fluvialis DSM 5731T, V. elongatus CCUG 51432Tand V. lutrae CCUG 39187T resulted in relatedness values of 21.4, 23.3 and 24.6 %, respectively. Based on results from polyphasic analyses, our two isolates are proposed to represent a novel species in the genus Vagococcus, with the name Vagococcus xieshaowenii. The type strain is CF-49T (=CGMCC 1.6436T=GDMCC 1.1588T=JCM 33477T).

7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195648

RESUMEN

Four novel bacterial strains, designated Z294T, Z311, Z443T and Z446, were isolated from the intestinal contents of plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China. Cells were Gram-stain-positive, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, aerobic, non-motile and short-rod shaped. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the four isolates belong to the genus Georgenia, but clearly separate from the currently recognized species. Both type strains (Z294T and Z443T) shared low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness and average nucleotide identity values with Georginia satyanarayanai NBRC 107612T, G. subflava JCM 19765T, G. ruanii JCM 15130T and G. thermotolerans DSM 21501T and against each other. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains Z294T and Z443T were 73.3 and 70 %, respectively. The major cellular fatty acids of strain Z294T were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 1 A and C16 : 0, in contrast to anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 1 A for strain Z443T. Both type strains (Z294T and Z443T) shared the following common features: glucose, rhamnose and ribose as cell-wall sugars; MK-8(H4) as major menaquinone; alanine, glutamic acid and lysine as cell-wall amino acids; and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and one unidentified phosphoglycolipid as polar lipids. Comparing the phenotypic and phylogenetic features among the four strains and their related organisms, strains Z294T and Z443T represent two novel species within the genus Georgenia, for which the names Georgenia wutianyii sp. nov. (type strain Z294T=CGMCC 1.16428T=DSM 106344T) and Georgenia yuyongxinii sp. nov. (type strain Z443T=CGMCC 1.16435T=DSM 106174T) are proposed.

8.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2020: 4837156, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32158365

RESUMEN

Purpose: To investigate the ability of qualitative Magnetic Resonance (MR) images features and quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) texture features in the contrastive analysis between craniopharyngioma and meningioma. Method: A total number of 127 patients were included in this study (craniopharyngioma = 63; meningioma = 64). All the features analyzed in this study were acquired from preoperative MRI images. Qualitative MR images features were evaluated with chi-square tests or Fisher exact test, while MRI texture features were evaluated with the Mann-Whitney U test with the Benjamini-Hochberg method. Then binary logistic regression analysis for texture features was performed to evaluate their ability as independent predictors, and the diagnostic accuracy was calculated next for these texture features with high abilities as independent predictors using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results: Four qualitative MR images features showed significant difference between craniopharyngioma and meningioma, but only cystic alteration could be considered as diagnostic independent predictors. Meanwhile, three quantitative parameters, histogram-based matrix- (HISTO-) Skewness, Grey-level co-occurrence matrix- (GLCM-) Contrast on contrast-enhanced images, and HISTO-Skewness on images of T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), showed promising abilities in the contrastive analysis. Besides, these texture features were found significantly to be relative to cystic alteration. Conclusion: MR images features and texture features were useful in the contrastive analysis of craniopharyngioma and meningioma. Furthermore, qualitative MR images features and MRI texture features could be related to each other.

9.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(4): 198, 2020 03 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130536

RESUMEN

A method for rapid and accurate determination of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli serotype O78 (APEC O78) by the gold nanoparticle-labeled lateral flow strip method, entitled molecule capturer analysis system (MCAS), is described. Target virulence-associated gene of APEC O78 is adopted as the analyte. After pre-amplification with the designed functional primer set, numerous new-formed amplicons are simultaneously labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and digoxin. AuNPs with a diameter of 18 nm and the characteristic plasmonic peak at 526 nm are utilized for labeling. These two labels of FITC and digoxin are further captured and measured with the AuNP-labeled lateral flow strip, and the AuNPs are retained on the test line through the immunoreaction for signal output. Under optimized conditions, this MCAS protocol can determine the target APEC O78 with excellent determination limit of 4.3 cfu mL-1 based on the optical density of AuNPs on the test line of lateral flow strips. The working range is 2.52 × 101 to 1.63 × 107 cfu mL-1. Spiked serum samples are rapid and accurately measured, and the results are highly correlated with those of the real-time PCR. With this MCAS protocol, rapid and on-site determination of APEC O78 can be realized without expensive instruments or professional personnel. This MCAS protocol can be easily applied to other analytes by just replacing the traditional primer set with functionalization primer set. Graphical abstract Schematic illustration of molecule capturer analysis system for rapid and accurate determination of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli serotype O78.

10.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 9(1): 605-615, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178586

RESUMEN

The source of secondary lower respiratory tract bacterial infections in influenza patients is not fully understood. A case-control study was conducted during the 2017-2018 influenza epidemic period in Beijing, China. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 52 virologically confirmed influenza patients and 24 healthy medical staff. The nasopharyngeal microbiota taxonomic composition was analysed using high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene V3-V4 regions. The super-dominant pathobiontic bacterial genus (SDPG) was defined as that accounting for >50% of sequences in a nasopharyngeal swab. We attempted to isolate bacteria of this genus from both nasopharyngeal swabs and lower-respiratory tract samples and analyse their genetic similarities. We observed a significantly lower taxonomy richness in influenza cases compared with healthy controls. A SDPG was detected in 61% of severe cases but in only 24% of mild cases and 29% of healthy controls. In 10 cases, the species isolated from lower-respiratory tract infection sites were identified as belonging to the nasopharyngeal microbiota SDPG. Genetically identical strains were isolated from both nasopharyngeal swabs and lower-respiratory tract infection sites, including 23 Acinetobacter baumannii strains from six severe cases, six Klebsiella pneumoniae strains from two severe cases, five Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains from one severe and one mild case, and four Corynebacterium striatum strains from two severe cases. The SDPG in the nasopharyngeal microbiota are the likely cause of subsequent infection in influenza patients.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Bacterianas , Coinfección , Gripe Humana , Microbiota , Nasofaringe/microbiología , Adulto , Anciano , Infecciones Bacterianas/complicaciones , Femenino , Humanos , Gripe Humana/complicaciones , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(14): 16031-16039, 2020 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186357

RESUMEN

Modulating the surface properties of nanoparticles (NPs) is an important approach to accomplish immune escape, prolonged the blood retention time, and enhance the ability of targeted drug delivery. The camouflage of cancer cell membrane onto nanoparticles has been proved to be an ideal approach to enhance active targeting ability of NPs. Herein, we isolated the membrane of melanoma cells to coat doxorubicin (DOX) and indocyanine green (ICG)-loaded hollow copper sulfide NPs (ID-HCuSNP@B16F10) for targeted photothermal therapy, photoacoustic imaging, and chemotherapy. A remarkable in vitro anticancer effect after irradiation and homologous targeting can be observed in B16F10 cells after the treatment of ID-HCuSNP@B16F10. Moreover, ID-HCuSNP@B16F10 exhibits excellent photothermal effect in melanoma animal models and achieves a high tumor ablation rate. This biomimetic system can realize high drug loading efficiency, enhanced targeting ability, and ideal antitumor efficiency.

12.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2020: 4370983, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32214905

RESUMEN

Background: Recent literature has reported the use of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) as biomarkers for sepsis. Immune cells play an essential role in the pathophysiology of sepsis. The aim of this prospective study was to identify miRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) that could differentiate between sepsis and infection based on Sepsis-3 definition. Methods: A total of 62 patients (41 with sepsis and 21 with infection suffering from pneumonia but without sepsis) and 20 healthy controls were enrolled into the study. PBMC at admission were examined for a panel of 4 miRNAs (miR-10a, miR-17, miR-27a, and miR-125b), which have been documented to participate in inflammatory response in immune cells, via qRT-PCR. Data were validated in a mouse model of sepsis induced via cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) and THP-1 monocytes. Results: miR-10a levels in PBMC at admission were significantly lower in sepsis patients compared with patients with infection and healthy controls. miR-10a levels were negatively correlated with disease severity scores as well as levels for c-reactive protein and procalcitonin. In addition, low miR-10a expression had a diagnostic value for sepsis and a prognostic value for 28-day mortality in receiving operating characteristic analysis. Compared with infection patients and healthy controls, PBMC from sepsis patients also had higher levels of mitogen-activated kinase kinase kinase 7 (MAP3K7), a known target protein of miR-10a and an activator of the NF-κB pathway. In the mouse model of CLP-induced sepsis, miR-10a levels in PBMC were significantly decreased as early as 8 h after CLP. Overexpression of miR-10a in THP-1 cells significantly reduced the expression of MAP3K7 and proinflammatory cytokines including IL-6, TNF-α, and MCP-1. Conclusions: PBMC miR-10a levels are decreased in sepsis and negatively correlated with the disease severity. Levels of miR-10a could distinguish between sepsis and infection and predict 28-day mortality. miR-10a plays an anti-inflammatory role in the pathogenesis of sepsis.

13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 126: 110044, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114357

RESUMEN

The activation of microglia and inflammatory responses is essential for the process of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced secondary brain injury (SBI). In this study, we investigated the effects of luteolin on ICH-induced SBI and the potential mechanisms. Autologous blood was injected to establish the ICH model in vivo, and oxyhemoglobin (OxyHb) was used to mimic the ICH model in vitro. We found that the administration of luteolin significantly improved motor and sensory impairments and inhibited neuronal cell degeneration in vivo. In the in vitro study, the decrease of the neuronal cell viability induced by activated microglia was alleviated by luteolin treatment. Furthermore, by antagonizing the activation of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6)/nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway, the ICH-induced elevation of cytokine release was decreased after treatment with luteolin, which was confirmed both in vivo and in vitro. Additionally, we found that luteolin engaged with TRAF6 and inhibited the ubiquitination of TRAF6. Taken together, our findings demonstrate the neuroprotective effects of luteolin after ICH and the potential mechanisms, which suggest that luteolin is a potential therapeutic candidate for ICH treatment.

14.
Cell Prolif ; 53(3): e12781, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035016

RESUMEN

Central nervous system (CNS) maintains a high level of metabolism, which leads to the generation of large amounts of free radicals, and it is also one of the most vulnerable organs to oxidative stress. Emerging evidences have shown that, as the key homeostatic cells in CNS, astrocytes are deeply involved in multiple aspects of CNS function including oxidative stress regulation. Besides, the redox level in CNS can in turn affect astrocytes in morphology and function. The complex and multiple roles of astrocytes indicate that their correct performance is crucial for the normal functioning of the CNS, and its dysfunction may result in the occurrence and progression of various neurological disorders. To date, the influence of astrocytes in CNS oxidative stress is rarely reviewed. Therefore, in this review we sum up the roles of astrocytes in redox regulation and the corresponding mechanisms under both normal and different pathological conditions.


Asunto(s)
Astrocitos/metabolismo , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Animales , Astrocitos/patología , Sistema Nervioso Central/metabolismo , Sistema Nervioso Central/patología , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Humanos , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso/patología , Oxidación-Reducción
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100695

RESUMEN

Two Gram-staining-positive, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, aerobic, non-motile, irregular rod-shaped bacterial strains (Z350T and Z527) were isolated from intestinal contents of plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, PR China. Results of phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain Z350T belongs to the genus Mumia (family Nocardioidaceae) but clearly differs from the currently recognized species Mumia xiangluensis DSM 101040T (98.4 % similarity) and Mumia flava DSM 27763T (97.4 %). Strain Z350T had a DNA G+C content of 70.7 mol% and shared 80.4 and 76.7 % average nucleotide identity values and 23.4 and 20.6 % in silico DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness with M. xiangluensis DSM 101040T and M. flava DSM 27763T, respectively. Further phylogenetic analyses based on 497 core genes indicated that our isolates were members of the genus Mumia but separated from all existing genera within the family Nocardioidaceae. The major cellular fatty acids were C18 : 1 ω9c and 10-methyl C18 : 0. The cell wall contained ll-diaminopimelic acid as the diamino acid, and rhamnose, ribose and glucose as whole cell-wall sugars. MK-9(H4) was detected as the major menaquinone. Polar lipids present were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and one unidentified phospholipid. Based on distinct differences in the genotypic and phenotypic data from the two Mumia species, a novel species, Mumia zhuanghuii sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is Z350T (=CGMCC 4.7464T=DSM 106288T).

16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100704

RESUMEN

Two aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, catalase-positive, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterial strains, designated MF30-AT and MF845, were isolated from the intestinal contents of plateau pika collected from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Optimal growth of these two strains was observed under aerobic conditions at pH 7.0 and 28 °C. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the isolates had highest similarities of 98.5 and 98.4 % to Agromyces fucosus, respectively. In the 16S rRNA gene and polygenetic trees, strains MF30-AT and MF845 were clearly distinct from other species. The two strains could not produce acid from arbutin, d-fructose, D-sucrose, glycogen, salicin or starch. Production of ß-glucosidase by these strains was negative. The major fatty acids of these strains were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. Strain MF30-AT contained galactose, rhamnose and ribose as cell wall sugars and MK-12 and MK-11 as predominant menaquinones. The major polar lipids in strain MF30-AT were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and a glycolipid, while the peptidoglycan contained alanine, glutamic acid, glycine and 2,4-diaminobutyric acid. The G+C contents of the DNA of strains MF30-AT and MF845 were 69.8 mol% and 69.7 mol%, respectively. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA relatedness values of the two strains with all available genomes of the genus Agromyces were far below the respective thresholds of 95 and 70 %, respectively. All genotypic and phenotypic data indicated that strains MF30-AT and MF845 should be classified as novel members of the genus Agromyces, for which the name Agromyces badenianii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MF30-AT (=CGMCC 1.16469T=DSM 106183T).

17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32038002

RESUMEN

Two Gram-stain-positive, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative, aerobic, non-motile, cellobiose-utilizing, short-rod-shaped strains (Z28T and Z29) were isolated from faeces of Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) collected on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Strain Z28T shared 98.1, 98.0, 97.8 and 97.4 % 16S rRNA gene similarity, 24.1, 22.8, 23.2 and 26.3 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness and 80.8, 80.0, 80.7 and 80.9 % average nucleotide identity values with Cellulomonas oligotrophica DSM 24482T, Cellulomonas flavigena DSM 20109T, Cellulomonas iranensis DSM 14785T and Cellulomonas terrae JCM 14899T, respectively. Results from further phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene and 148 core genes indicated that strains Z28T and Z29 were closest to C. oligotrophica DSM 24482T and C. flavigena DSM 20109T, but clearly separated from the currently recognized species of the genus Cellulomonas. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain Z28T was 75.3 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 1 A, C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. Ribose and mannose were detected as the whole-cell sugars. The major respiratory quinone was MK-9(H4) and ornithine was the diamino acid of the cell wall. The polar lipids present in strain Z28T were phosphatidylethanolamine, five phospholipids, two aminophospholipids, aminolipid and three unidentified lipids. Comparison of phenotypic and phylogenetic features between the two strains and the related organisms revealed that Z28T and Z29 represent a novel species of the genus Cellulomonas, for which the name Cellulomonas shaoxiangyii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Z28T (=CGMCC 1.16477T=DSM 106200T).

18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(11): 1681-1684, 2020 Feb 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939961

RESUMEN

A functionalized dumbbell probe (FDP) based amplification method, termed as a cascading exponential amplification DNA machine (CEA-DNA machine), has been developed to autonomously accumulate single G-quadruplexes (SGQs) and twin-G-quadruplexes (TGQs) for robust fluorescence signal-on probing of miRNA-21.


Asunto(s)
ADN/química , MicroARNs/sangre , Técnicas de Amplificación de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Espectrometría de Fluorescencia/métodos , Benzotiazoles/química , Técnicas Biosensibles/métodos , Línea Celular Tumoral , ADN/genética , Sondas de ADN/química , Sondas de ADN/genética , Colorantes Fluorescentes/química , G-Cuádruplex , Humanos , Secuencias Invertidas Repetidas , Límite de Detección , MicroARNs/genética , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico
19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 614, 2020 Jan 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953486

RESUMEN

Toxicity to central nervous system tissues is the common side effects for radiotherapy of brain tumor. The radiation toxicity has been thought to be related to the damage of cerebral endothelium. However, because of lacking a suitable high-resolution vivo model, cellular response of cerebral capillaries to radiation remained unclear. Here, we present the flk:eGFP transgenic zebrafish larvae as a feasible model to study the radiation toxicity to cerebral capillary. We showed that, in living zebrafish larvae, radiation could induce acute cerebral capillary shrinkage and blood-flow obstruction, resulting brain hypoxia and glycolysis retardant. Although in vivo neuron damage was also observed after the radiation exposure, further investigation found that they didn't response to the same dosage of radiation in vitro, indicating that radiation induced neuron damage was a secondary-effect of cerebral vascular function damage. In addition, transgenic labeling and qPCR results showed that the radiation-induced acute cerebral endothelial damage was correlated with intensive endothelial autophagy. Different autophagy inhibitors could significantly alleviate the radiation-induced cerebral capillary damage and prolong the survival of zebrafish larvae. Therefore, we showed that radiation could directly damage cerebral capillary, resulting to blood flow deficiency and neuron death, which suggested endothelial autophagy as a potential target for radiation-induced brain toxicity.

20.
QJM ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899520

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Lateral intraventricular primary CNS lymphoma (LIPCNSL) is an extremely rare intraventricular tumor with high malignancy and have never been systematically described. AIM: To analyze the clinical characteristics and therapeutic strategy of LIPCNSL. DESIGN: Single-center retrospective study. METHODS: The clinical manifestation, imaging, treatment, and outcomes of 13 patients with LIPCNSL who underwent craniotomy in West China Hospital between December 2008 and April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Eleven male and two female patients were enrolled. The mean age was 49.7 years (14-65 years). The frequent manifestations include symptoms of raised intracranial pressure and limb weakness. The mean duration was 1.8 months (1 week to 1 year). The average maximal diameter of tumors was 4.1 cm (1.8-6.1 cm). Gross total resection was achieved in 84.6% of patients. Symptoms improved in 69.2% of patients but developed in 30.8% of patients after surgery. The median recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were 2.0 months (1-86 months) and 3.0 months (1-124 months). High-dose methotrexate or/and radiotherapy significantly prolonged the RFS and OS (P < 0.05). Eight patients (72.7%) experienced relapse and progression. Salvage treatment significantly prolonged survival after relapse (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LIPCNSL should be considered as a differential diagnosis of intraventricular tumors. High-dose methotrexate based chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy should be the first-line treatment, and surgery is only for biopsy and improving symptoms. Long-term intensive follow-up is necessary and active salvage treatment should be performed after relapse.

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